The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911, September 30, 1909, Image 2

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    Autumn Costumes
Few Persons Other Than Dealers Know Anything Regard
ing Versatile Beasts How They
Are Classified.
tit m
mm mmm
1 ill III
Tho coatiimo at Ihn tra" 1 o4 soft cloth la a "dregs of wino" diado,
Itrinmicd with a bcuwr rata embroidery la the sanie ehadu. This ombruidery
simulates a bolura aod talma the, underskirt
The princess- Cnalo to ornamented at the bottom with buttons and. ru"ma
it eoxtof fabler attached on each HldQ to a girdle of the material, tho roun-tud
(ends of which aio &tuoe4 (itli buttons.
Tho yoke la ef white) lacu bordered, on each side with a band of ta?"1
or liberty.
TI'iq other caatauQ ia of plum-colored taffeta or cloth, U forms a princess
tunic with little, sfcuwua and ia turned up at the bottom. It Is ornamented 'v
'front with straps a? ord and passementerie buttons, and Is finished around
neck and sleeves- with a cord embroidery.
Tho underHleovoa am ot Irish luco colored to natch the gown, and tfee
.llttlachemlsetta la ul wMtq tucked tulle. Tho lower part of the skirt is gart
ered at tho. top amines cm underneath the tunic, forming a deep flounce.
Kansas City Is the world's great
est market for mules, thoso useful an
imals that have helped make Missouri
famous, yet few persons othor thau
dealers know anything about the ver
satile beasts. To the average person
"a mule is a mule," and that's all. Dut
(ho dealers will tell you very different.
The mulo man will talk of "cotton"
mules, "mine" mules "pitters," "loveo"
mules, "sugar" mules, "ricu" mules
and even "mahogany" mules. Ho will
talk about a mule's "conformation,"
estimate his height to half an inicb and
classify him the minute ho looks at
the animal.
Over half the mules Bold da the
market are "cotton" mules. Most of
them aro bought from December 1 to
March 1 by tho southern planters, or
tho dealers who supply them. A
"cotton" mule must be a good mule,
although an extra large one is not
demanded. The height varies from 14
to 13 1-4 hands and tho weight is from
730 to 1,100 pounds. Trim, smooth-
haired mules that show breeding
the Missouri variety aro tho kind
sought for by tho southern dealers
and called "cotton" mulos In trade
Next in importance is tho "con
struction" mule. With the opening up
of work after the financial flurry this
class was In demand. The railroad
construction camps want big, rugged
animals. Style is no object. Iiig
most any color will do for a "mine"
mule except white. At the mine en
trance a white mule gets dirty and
looks unkempt. Down In the tunnels
ho remains Juit white enough to
frighten his mates. To the little "pit
ter" mulo in the flickering light of the
tunnels thorn is something so un
canny about his white brother that
one white mule in a mine will create
a panic.
Then there aro "sugar" mules and
"lice" mules, used on sugar and rice
plantations. Tho "sugar" mule Is a
big, fancy priced animal, but the
"rice" mulo need only bo rugged.
Mules used In tho lumber camps are
called "loggers." The principal re
quirement again is not stylo but rug
gndncsa. When tho call comes from
tho Central America lumber camps
the mulo men call tho animals "ma
hogany" mules.
Tho government buys mules de
scribed In their specifications as
"wheel" mulos, "swing" mulos, "lead"
mules, "riding or saddle" mules, and
"pack" mules. Governmeut mules
must bo sound and from four to
eight years old. The sizo varies.
Almost any kind of a mule will do
for a farm worker, although tho farm
er will often outbid tho representative
of a big firm for a pair of "advertis
ers." Strangely enough, tho farmer,
tho great producer of mules, owns a
very small per cent, of them. Most
of them aro in tho hands of the greaf
tlm. i m
ill W
Cream, sorgo costumes are always
wo' nice, and this would bo a smart
jfstylQ in which to make ono. Tho skirt
ls made with a scam up tho left side
ot front. It Is wrapped and stitched
Itwlce, and has silkovered buttons
Hewn on tho inside. Tho semi fitting
Icont fastens on the bust with buttons
and cords, braid to match is put twice
round tho entire coat, and also edges
tho sleeves.
Hat of white straw, trimmed with a
wreath of flowers.
j Materials required; Six and one-half
yards sorgo 48 inches wide, seven
yards braid, two dozen buttons, 3ft
lyards coat lining.
The Observant Can Tell at a Glanr
What Manner of Person It
v Wearing It,
That there is any character to be
displayed In tho cholco and manner
of wearing a hat will doubtle33 be a
revelation to many girls. Cut a girl
who is at all observing can tell from
the hut another woman wears what
manner of person It Is with whom she
is dealing.
There Is a littlo round black hat,
with scarcely any attempt at trim
ming, except a llat, black bow. This
hat is sure to be worn by a little old
maid, ouo who Is sweetened rather
than soured by her single lot She is
ono who is absorbed in other people's
A simple little toque worn with a
veil Indicates the girl of great com
mon sense. Nothing especially star
tling or original about her. Just a
good sort.
Tho girl who chooses a hat with
abrupt angles, who always has wings
or stiff, conventional trimming on her
hats, and who never wears flowers, is
another kind altogether. You may al
ways know her to bo determined. In
dependent, and If given half a chance.
sho will be domineering.
There is a sort of soft, elusive,
feathery kind of creation that is worn
by somo women. A man would Bay
she was distinctly feminine, womanly
in all she did. Hut she Is more than
this she Is subtle, elusive and charm
ing. She Is the girl all men think
they would liko to marry, but there
are not enough or this sort to go
A Classy Type of Useful Mule.
h Girl's Preparedness.
k There Is something very pitiable
bout a girl. Sho wears calico, but
talks knowingly about tho latest stylos
1a Bilks. Her home is furnished plain
ly; but she knows tho latest styles In
furniture; aho knows how tho Bilver-
iware should bo arranged at dinners,
tho latest stitch for tho marking of
monograms ou tho finest table dam
ask, tho etlquetto to bo observed at a
dinner, a reception or a ball, although
the never attended anything more
than a neighborhood party in her
life. Her father's monthly incomo
Us not as largo as the pin money
.a rich girl would spend In a day, but
she knows what tho rich girl should
,ear and buy to be in touch with the
times. She is, In short, prepared
'at any time to marry a rich man
nd become a society leader. Atch
ison Globe.
Bed Coverings.
As fall advances and the country
wife is preparing her house for the
cooler days, she will find on excellent
substitute for lllmy bwLjs and net cov
erlngs upon her bed in cotton taf
feta. It can bo purchased in pretty
colors and finished with a Bounce of
the samo material. One can applique
immense flower motifs Ut tho cover
should a color bo desired. There ore
flower patterns in cretonne that gTeat
ly resemble Dlerdennier and they look
artistic on cotton taffeta. Tho latest
cover ra perfectly square and sections
are cut out at each corner bo that tho
straight valance can fall perfectly fiat
around tho bed and w ill not bo tucked
up at corners. Hut tho feature la this
A strip of lace Insertion, cotton ori
ental braid or some fancy trimming is
stitched to outline the top of the bed
or box portion, and the edges of the
straight valance are trimmed with
short ruffles of flowered lawn. These
aro wonderfully pretty. csDoclally
when lawn is used to utrip the cover.
footed animals are In demand to mako
tho drawing of heavy loads in looso
dirt easier. Where levees are under
construction a still larger mule is
used. A "construction" mulo is 13
to 1G hands high. A 'Mevee" mule
should not be under 16 hands. They
aro often hitched singly to two
wheeled carts and a big animal Is required.
Hut the mule that brings the high
est price is the "advertiser." Sizo and
breeding both count here. For "ad
vertisers" or "wagon" mules, as they
are sometimes called, big, well-shaped,
nicely matched animals, that mako
the passer by turn and look again In
short, a team that advertises the
owner are tho kind that bring the
big prices, hey aro gradually taking
the place of horses for heavy deliv
ery purposes. Many local tirnis uso
them, sometimes hitching them three
"Mine" mules are a distinct typo;
they must be broad and "chunky," but
not tall. The average height is 14
hands. "Pitters" for hauling oro in
underground tunnels should not bo
over 12 & hands high. An ideal "pit-
tvr" la shaped like a dachshund; ho
has a long body and short legs. Al-
UHors of tho hybrids, the southern
planter and contractor.
Mules oro high In price now. A
good, big "construction" mule sells
for $223 in Kansas City. A well
matched pair of "advertisers" will
bring $300.
Why is thero such a demand for the
mule? Tho reason is not far to seek.
Tho "fool mule" of the comic paper is
not such a fool after all. He takes
c;lre of himself and tho barn men of
any big teaming company will tell
you a pair of mules will outlast two
or three pairs of horses at hard work.
A mulo could give nn athlete polnt3 on
training. Ho will not overeat or over
drink. After hard work he will not
eat or drink until rested. Ho seems
to know that ho cost his owner no
small sum and will not allow a care
less driver to overwork him. He is
not of a nervous temperament and
loses no energy worrying, as a horse
does. To the diseases that attack
tho hnrso in tho south he is immune.
Everything considered, tho demand
for tho mule is a just tribute to his
usefulness. Missourians should have
a proper prido In tho Missouri mule,
the ideal beast of draft and burden
I for the south.
4 V ... ,v y
iU'V- ; Mi
At Stf !5vx"iS-- rtv..i
.1 ' X i'Mti V. ww. "w-i i''fv.vi4.V
Mark Children's Clothes.
Huy a five-cent bolt of vhlu linen
tape; cut In small pieces and writi
a child s name on eacn piece. Taste
their names written In black Ink on
white pieces, insldo each overshoe,
tloves, mitten ana cap, ana ns a re
ult the children's garments never
get mixed up or lost at school or
Turn Srieep on Aftermath Rape,
Cleuninsa iu Cornfields, Etc,
Preparing For Grains,
More or less difficulty will bo met
by thoso who aro feeding sheep Tor
the hint time, and more with lambs
thun with older Bheep, becauso the
first are more delicate. Tho first
Blue Tweed Suit.
A tweed suit for the nutuiuu is of
dark blue with a suggertion of pur
ple and sepia in the pattern. U has
a long coat, not fastened with the
ubiquitous three buttons above the
knee, but with a loose drooping belt
resting on the hips and falling lower
In front like" a small boy's 'French"
suit. This belt and the facings of
the coat are of purple kid or fine
Toilet Powder.
l or haling or prickly heat, blown
tlmir in tho skillet and sift twice until
line. For ordinary use a preparation
ol' one third boric add to two thirds
cui'UslarcU iu suffclcnt
Some Fat Ones.
step in fattening is to turn tho sheep
on aftermath rape, gleanings in tho
cornfields, etc., thus making good u.ho
of such feed and at the same timo
preparing tho animals for their sub
sequent grains. This is all prepara
tory to their actual fattening and lit
tle trouble has been experienced from
it, unless possible scours caused by
the t-'ieiii feed, says thu Rural Homo.
When sheep begin to eat corn heart
ily they should bo carefully watched
as to stomach and Intestinal troubles.
Lambs, especially, eat ravenously.
They should bo given plenty of salt
and water, and Induced to eat as
much green or dry roughage as pos
sible. This will prevent their eating
too heavily of corn.
Sheep intended for the feed lot in a
short time should bo brought gradual
ly to concentrated feed, while ou tho
green stuff not more than a small
handful of oats should bo given each
animnl per dny, and at least four
weeks should bo occupied In getting
them on full feed. Sheep that have
not been used to grain should gain
well If so fed. When on fattening
feed they will finish off nicely nnd
may bo marketed by New Year's.
Slnco they can be finished by that
timo there is no reason why they
should bo pushed hard, and possibly
at a loss.
Tho greatest trouble an ambitious
feeder has is to feed lightly enough at
first, to take enough care In getting
the sheep on full feed without over
feeding or causing them to scour ah
normally. I'atlenco nnd care in the
work are tho chief essentials.
Fattening Hogs.
A patch of enne sown broad Is
rplendld place for tho fattening hou'?
to run In during tho late summer am
autumn. Also, the s.ime mav be said
of rapo
tion of the forest conditions
of Florida was mado during
the past winter by the Unit
ed States Forest Service In
co-operation with the state. The re
port is now completed and has been
submitted to the governor for his con
sideration. It is hoped that tho leg
slature may be able to incorporate at
least some of tho recommendations
Into law in the near fatur.
Florida occupies a prominent posi
tion among the timber and turpentine
producing states of tho country. It
has, nt present, a greater per cent of
Its land In forest than any other stato.
Some of the finest Btnnds of longleaf
pine in tho south are contained with
in its borders. The development of
the forest industries during the past
few years has been phenomenal.
While the agricultural development
in certain parts of the state will make
permanent use ot immense areas ot
cut-over land, the bulk of lands now
being cut over will not be needed for
agricultural purposes for many years
to come. In the meantime the tlm
her producing possibilities of such
lands are being destroyed by repeated
fires, turpentining, and reckless lum
berlng. The opportunity to organize
and adopt plans of forest manage
ment should not be delayed until the
forest lands have all been cut over,
Many states have temporarily de
veloped at the expense of their for
est interests and have realized too
late the disastrous effects of vasting
their forest resources.
The report of the Forest Service
Examiner in Florida lays particular
stress on the importance of a strong
forest policy for the 6tate. There
should bo a commission of forestry
to have general supervision of the
forestry interests of the state and
to appoint a state forester. It should
bo tho duty of the state forester, un
der the direction of the commission,
to advise private owners In reference
to forest management, to bring to pub
lie attention the damage done by for
est fires, to formulate and put into
execution a firewarden system to pro
tect the forests from fires, to encour
age more conservative systems of
lumbering and turpentining, to Inves
tigate tax and grazing problems, and
in general promote a healthy Interest
in forest preservation In the state.
The forest fire problem in Florida,
ns in other southern states, was found
to be a most serious hindrance to the
perpetuation of the forests. The
practice of burning over the ground
annually destroys all possibility of
a young growth of pine to take the
place of the mature timber when it
Is cut Moreover, fires injure tho
standing timber, especially where the
trees have been boxed, and destroy
tho vegetable covering of the soil. It
has been demonstrated that repeated
firej decrease the value of the forest
for grazing purposes.
In order to check the annual firo
evil, tho report proposes a forest fire
law for Florida which shall mako it
unlawful and punishable by fine or
imprisonment, or both, for any indl
vkltial or corporation to start fires on
land not their own. Tho proposed
law also makes every owner liable for
damages resulting lrom tho spread of
fire from his own land to that of an
other. Thero aro many other impor
tant features In the proposed law,
such ns the appointment of firewar
dens, tho U80 of spark arresters on
locomotives and engines, and posting
of fire notices.
Tho v report furthermore recom
mends the establishment of stato for
esta from tax lands mil by purchase,
ns has nlredy been done by many
ctntes In the country.
The forests of Florida have lasted
longer than In many states, perhaps
hecaiise the state has been more gen
..mtislv endowed with valuable
kiiowtli The need of forest prescrva
tlon has not been so apparent in tho,
past, but those who understand thaj
present conditions in Florida and la
other states should be alive to the ne
cessity of taklDg some action to cut
wisely what forests remain, and pro
vide for regeneration on lands thathava
already been denuded. The report
explains the present sltaation in de
tail and points the way for a wiser
consideration in the future.
The south, with 27 per cent, of the
total area of the United States, con
tains about 42 per cent, of tho total
forest area of the country. The for
est area by states is as follows: Ala
bama, 20,000,000 acres; Arkansas, 24,.
200,000; Florida. 20.000,000; Georgia,
22,300,000; Kentucky. 10,000,000; Lou
isiana. 16.500,000; Maryland, 2.200,
000; Mississippi. 17,500.000; North
Carolina, 19.COO.000; South Carolina,
12,000,000; Tennessee, 15,000,000;
Texas, 30,000,000; Virginia, 14,000,
000, and West Virginia, 9,100.000.
The south, it will be seen, has still
much of the virgin forest of the
country. ThlB forest must bo used
of course, in order to meet the steadily
expanding wants of the section. II
must bo used in such a manner, how
ever, that tho very most may be made
from Its annual cut, while at the
same timo this cut is being replaced
by now growth. In this way its tim
ber will remain a source of perpetual
Tho importance of forest conserva
tion to southern interests is clearly
understood by the people of the south,
The future of the south ia more near
ly bound up in the plan of forest pres
ervation, with its accompanying pro
tection to watersheds, power-streams,
and wood working industries, than ia
anything now before the people ot
that part of the country. Not only
la tho portection of tho watersheds,
which will some day furnish the pow
er to run all manufacturing establish
ments in tho entire south, an impor
tant matter to the south, but the in
dustries depending upon tho forest
products will also be benefited by the
protection thrown about the remain
ing timbered area.
Qulnlault Indians' Fisheries.
The Qulnlault Indians deserve
praise for the efficient and far seeing
methods adopted in tho management
of their fisheries. They have learned
the lesson taught by their white breth
ren that if the salmon is to bo con
served the fish must bo permitted to
go up tho stream to tho spawning
ground. This year tho Qulnlaulta
adopted a rule under which they
kept a runway In tho stream free
from nets, and many thousands ol
"bluebacks" were seen to pass up the
stream. Heretofore the nets have
been set promiscuously nnd no at
tempt was mado to conserve tho fish
Rut even with a runway kept open
the Indians enjoyed the greatest catch
m tho memory of old men of the tribe
this year. The 120,000 salmon caught
had a value of about $13,000, and o
this sum $24,000 will go to the heads
of 30 families. That is $800 to the
family, a sum sufficient to provide woll
for an Indian family a year.
"It takes a maid to bo
gant," said the woman of
means. "My girl Just exhibited to mo
with much pride something sho had
bought to send a girl friend for hci
birthday. It was a sublimated card,
with a dove life size, mado of paper
that fluffed out when you pulled a
string, all gay colors and cut out ef
feds something like tho old-fahloned
valentines. She paid CO cents for tha
thing nnd It probably will get smashed
in the mails. Just think of tho hand
kerchiefs, gloves, stockings, hat plnB,
collars and all manner of pretty use
ful things you can get for 50 cents,
Rut tho other glii probably will be
delighted, so why should 1 worry:" ,