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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1909)
On the Farm
XISL- Poultry Parasites
3y C. V. GRLGORY.
Aolfiar of '"lloma Course In Modern
Ccijiyriflht. l)y. Ljr Amerion Pri
TU12 most discouraging tiling
illxlt I 111' MHlllrj business Is
tlu great number of parasites,
mill ailment which affect tin
'Jlorfc. ' I'lilriM special precautions are
i alien Dip fowls tire continually dying
'from me cause or another, and the
jtroUta shrink correspondingly. Mont
f tl)PM trOUhloN HI'P I'HSlly plTVl'llt-
btc If a Utile cure In taken, file of
the must Important considerations Is
oJvB!ni'.ss. Tlu house should be
out fivqui'iill)' and sprluklcd
with ijulckllmc or some d Isin f(Mt;l lit.
JJim scattered atmut the yards also
ihrjps. The iimih mill smaller build
ing -should Im moved from plaeo to
iter frequently. Whitewash should
rsil lllx'rully cverywliero. One of
Ute l!t kinds of whUewnsh 1m innilo
-according to what In known as tlie
.ovwunient formula, iih follows:
Slack half a bushel of liuiu In boll
iox iv-.it er. Klraln and add n peck of
.fait that lias been dissolved In warm
watTT. three pounds of ground rice
i hoiIl 1n a (bin paste, oue-lialf pound
powdered Spanish whiting, one pound
9 .,11..... I.. ........ .....f..M i Iv
fiui.'Minmfivi'u in mum Huiu. mi.
L 1 . I II I . . 41... ... I ....... ..
raml for several days. Heat before
sinjr and npply hot.
Importance of Pure Water.
On? important means of keeping
rciwis neAi nv ana one mat is o ten
neglected Is giving llieni a constant
fnly of pure water. ISecause fowls
.1 . . !.. . I..- I I
w mil ri-ijiiiii- wiiiit in un mrue quail-
titles ns other animals It Is oftou
thought that I hoy can get along with-
JMif .HIM' .lYCI'lll- ll-llllt IllfkV trM hi llllll.
- ' '. ....... D " ""--
d!m la the barnyard. They will drltik
swli vratur If they cuu get no other,
bet It la Jus', an bad for their health
a.i it would His for yours. This Is a
.tmaticr which a oo often overlooked,
and poultry raising for prollt becouiea
Inmuw.iblc on that account.
Wali'x jiut out In open troughs soon
.'iwromra warm and dirty, and If there
iAlojIiI buiipeu to lie a contagious ills-
"stxc xl I lie (lock It will he rapidly
iCjinrad through the water. A coiuiuoii
5w watcrer attached to a barrel on
Un? tdimly side of -the poultry house Is
(f of the U'Ht wuys of supplying wa
iter. Lf fllle.l once a week or mo no
'.fttittier Attention Is needed. A jug
Urge bottle of water Inverted over
shallow pan In Midi a manner that
tVoe opening Is Just covered by the
lw in the pan makes it good drink
; tes; fountain. The water will run
(foxa li.lv ftp (in u as fast its it Is used.
3w ;vt' several types of metal fouu-
laiflii un tlie market which work on
. tijs ttun' princiile. Most of tliein are
W. .. .I !. f .,1......
.ownUWrable factor In causing (lis
aseuuuj; fowlsds Improper feciUti;;.
tiTrJj?ii!)HS and feediH .too iiiucli soft
afvaatvl im llin miiilhU it ti I - i fin univ-itii liiif.i
, !-!. in i ni n vi t i.iii i ii viiiiii
f if tl deaths auioiiK yoniif; chicks.
la-iKit'T fowls the coru ration tliat Is
m often (lie Hole food Is frcipientty
' tft caiuf of digestive and other troii
i Wrt A variety of foods Judiciously
: ft will do nmcli do keep the fowla
. .Ixwlljir cause or disease In unhealthy
sttrroanOlags. iLmw, damp poultry
; scsaxls, i!;'iv li water Ktands In pud
. ilVfi.Yor' flays after each rain, are pro-
: Jffic sources of Kiultr.v troubles. I!ar
' tixy pnuJiry liom.se lilsh aud dry. If a
tlFj j-aia rnnnot be obtained In any
. Vtbtv way grade It up n little and cover
lit ,-ltli ;?rarel.
, "Strong Vitality Necessary.
Many of the diseawa to which pout
tiy li Jiiibjii'l are due to Inherited
xsVbp?. 8Si 'liiiiciits have proved
Ttt vitality and vlfior are readily
teasKsmlttPit from parent to offspring.
I nn rxiHTlnieiit at the Cornell sta
tic txkn M'iis of fowls were selected.
0 had espei lally Klnmg vitality, and
almost the entire fln'U. These dis
eases, like eonliiglous illseanes of man,
une caused by bacleria or germs.
These are liny cells which gain en
trance to tlie body and grow there.
Ieath U not caused by the germs
themselves, but by ceitaln poisons
which they give off. After germs gain
entrance to the body they are dllllriilt
lo cointiat, sl:ii e auythliig that w ill klil
the germ will usually kill the fovl
i;mo. Cerms cntiin t gain a foothold
In a perfectly healthy bird: heir e one
of the best menus of tomimt in;j ion
taglous diseases Is by keeping the
(lock so healthy that tliey cannot get
a start. Another important measure
Is the liberal usj of disinfectants
about the poultry bouses mid yiinU.
l'leiity of funshlne In the poultry house
will help to keep It clean. Selling off
the old slock before It becomes feeble
mid useless Is a great help, sl:iee It Is
these old birds that are the first to
MKcunil) to unfavorable conditions.
One of the most serious of these con
tagious diseases Is cholera. The com
mon symptoms me great thirst. list
lessness and yellowish or greenish
droppings. Heroic measures are need
ed to stamp out this disease. All Kick
fowls should he killed ami burned.
The yards and houses should be thor
oughly sprinkled with some disinfect
ant solution. A coal tar dip mixture
Is good, or rnrbolie acid may be used
lit the rate of one gallon to twenty gal
lons of water. The drinking water
should be disinfected by adding one
part of cornwlvc sublimate to every
2.(mi parts of water. There Is no way
to cure the fowls after they once get
(he disease. All that can be hoped for
Is to save tho well ones.
Trobably the most common poultry
disease Is roup. This Is really a germ
dlseuse, but the germs cannot well
get a foothold except under special
conditions. These- are found when tlie
bird catches cold. The germs work
mostly In the nasal passages, causing
a cheesy secretion that has a very dls-
rVi fc""l I
THE DEBATING CLUD.
Thn fair io-el for Hpklii had
And ahn rnulil alwiiyn bust tha lad
Sli arifu-rt at n wondrous rat,
We niiist mlnili.
lb- ruuliln't matrh her In debate
A Utile bit.
Eli" ran fnitiiriip li!:n to-da7.
The nilKhliors vow;
And nftrri does. It a riiis, for they
Are iniiirlril now.
The modern Sherlock cUmbrd
through the window and entered the
"Ills wife Is away," ejaculated Sher
lock, as he Btirveycd the room with
the critical eye of Scotland Yard. "I
shall find out how Ion;; she has been
And then Sherlock began to count
the soiled dishes piled up on the
She has been away exactly 14 days,"
"And how did you find that oat,
chief?" asked his assistant.
"Why, It's dead easy. Married men
never wash their dishes when their
wives aro away and there are just 42
soiled plates on the shelf. That
means three plates a day for 11
ill -i h
"So you've rented that haunted
house which was on your hands so
"Yes; rented It to an actor." ,
"Did he find out its reputation?"
"That's the very thiim' which da
elded him to take the house."
"Ho said it would be such a com
fort for him to get Inside of a house
where tho ghost walked every night."
Visitor (at insane asylum) And
who is tho poor unfortunate in the
Attendant Oh. he's tho chap who
started at the beginning of the sea
son to keep the scores and percent
ages of the various baseball associations.
AFTER THE ACCIDENT.
Cm. XTV- UHKAKI'AST IN roCLTUY Y A it 1 .
ftlethr wiim only medium in this re
tRt. Tbe nigeny of each of these
nn waa Klven (he same kind of
via ami enre, and In the fall the n
inlli wwe tabulated. It was found
Ttrait li blckcns from the si runs vi
fjVtly jMm tnaturid from three to
Ya jt ui-rhs Tnrlier and were worth 'J3
rnis a(iicp more nt uiiilurlty. It Is
tiiYtt ki-.-fe vf neleclion for vitality that
Kum wifiny of the fancy varieties
n irv.u wt Vll illiy Is tin most Im
uurl.'SVir Mingle point lo be looked to
&itywYry inlslng, especially in select
iisjC &w)s f'r tlie breeding pen. lf
w led bm Is m;'e. the lieallli and
ri'Z'ic nf Hip Hack will be greatly Itn
'rrwwl ninT (ho losses corrcHpniidingly
V-"' Ih mihjpct to a few con
Jr: liens'S, which oflcn wipe out
Fill. XXVI THAI NEST IN UPEIiATION.
agreeable odor. The head swells, tho
eyes often being swollen entirely idiut.
An affected bird may llv for a long
time and sometimes even get well, but
It Is seldom worth anything. The
treatnu'iit consists In killing the af
fected birds aud removing the cause.
Exposure to cold and . dampne.-'s 'As
among the chief causes. A dry. warm
house, especially one with a curtain
front to provide for plenty of ventila
tion without drafts. Is one of tlie best
preventive measures. The curtained
roosting apartment also helps to keep
the fowls from catching cold In severe
Lice and Mites.
The most troublesome parasites of
poultry are lice and mites. These
pests are very different In their habits.
The lice remain on the bird all the
time, eating the feathers and skin.
They are not usually present In large
enough numbers to do any consider
able damage, except to sitting bens
and small chicks. One of the most
effective ineaus of combating lice Is
the dust bath. This Is simply a con
venient sized box filled with tine dust
In which the hens rau roll. Lice and
other Insects breathe through tiny
holes nl'Mig the sides of their bodies.
Tlc dUf-l tills these holes, and they I'.ie
of suffocation. A little turpentine add
ed to the dut bath makes it more ef
fective. The dust treatment Is usually all that
Is required to keep the lice In check.
Where they get unusually bad pyre
thrum or tobacco dust blown in among
the feathers Is effective. Tills plan
takes too long to be used extensively,
however. I. Ice frequently make their
way from the hen to tlie chicks at
hatching time and often cause tht
death of many of them. The best way
lo prevent tills, of course. Is to set
that the bens are free from lice bo
fore the chickens batch. One of the
best remedies is to dust the chlck.-i
with insect powder or paint them
around tle neck and under the wings
with a sulphur and lard mixture.
Mites are mui-Ii worse pests than
lice. They live In the crevices In the
walls and roosts, attacking the fowls
nt night. They do not cat the skin,
but bore through It and suck the blood.
Jlltes are so small that they can
hardly be seen with the naked eye. but
the damage they do Is not measured
by their size. Half the so called dis
eases to which poultry are subject are
caused by mites. When fowls sicken
and die without any apparent cause It
Is time to look for mites. Painting the
roosts mill adjacent walls thoroughly
wl:h i ru le petroleum or kerosene will
destroy many of them. The same
treatment should aNo be applied to
coops and nest boxes. The litter un
der the roosts l often a breeding place
for mites. It should lie cleaned out
frequently and hauled away. After
cleaning mil. the tloor should be thor
oughly soaked with a strong solution
of some coal tar dip. If tlu; poultry
house Is fairly tight burning sulphur
hi It will efic tivdy destroy all mites
wllhia reach of die fumes. Keeping
vermin and disease in i beck requites
considerable work and constant vigi
lance, but It Is work that will be well
reimll In the Improved health of tho
He had a sandy beard.
Like the Family Bible.
How Kllut's five feet of book '
1 luimo 8ii y this, but I must
Impress me that ti few yeiirs liehee
They'll be merely five fret of dust.
Better Than Ever.
Mary llackstoop Did he tell you
ltfe with him would be one grand,
Maudie Sidcstreet No; he said it
would be one grand, beveled, sweet
toned, silver-coated, indestructible
phonograph record. Puck.
At the Insane Asylum.
"What Is that man muttering to
himself for and tying all those strings
to his fingers?"
"That is a very snd case. He Is a
man who moved out to the suburbs
ana went mad trying to remember all
his daily commissions."
Putting Her Wise.
"Lamb Is always young mutton,
Isn't it?" queried the sweet girl grad
"It Is in the dictionary," replied the
boarding-house bachelor, "but it often
misses connection on the bill of fare."
A Conservative Reply.
Cholly Is there r.ny law against
my standing here, officer?
Guardian of the Peace Sure, there
may be and there may be not. They're
alther nddin' new laws to the statoot
books all the time. Puck.
A Dangerous Craft.
"Mrs. Yellowbond's houseboat party
has broken up."
"Indeed! What way the trouble?"
"All the girls eloped wltn all the
A Theatrical Paradox.
"There is one contradictory thing
actors seem to do."
"What Is that?"
"The longer they are at one stand,
the more they consider It a run."
Tommy Who was this .lark tho
Giant Killer, anyway?
Jimmy Dunno, but 1 guesa It was
some pitcher named .lack, who shut
the Giants out without a hit.
"Do you think Mrs. Gould ever bit
any of her guests?"
"Probably not, but some of them
may have felt as If they had been
"How was It ho came to grief?"
"By being a Joy rider."
If you want a really good investment, an invest
ment that will pay you a handsome percentage on the
money invested, you should invest in CASE machinery.
- CASE machinery represents a lifetime in the thresh
ing business. The thing that the manufacturers have
striven for is simplicity and durability, these have
been their guiding stars, and the results of their labors
in this direction are shown in the simplicity of their
machinery, its adaptability to all sections of the coun
try and all kinds of work, its ability to withstand rough
usage, and its output. CASE engines are wonderful
hill climbers, consuming the minimum of fuel with the
maximum of power. These engines will give you more
power for the rated horse power than any other en
gine of the same size. CASE Separators thresh more
grain and does it better than any other separator on
the market rated the same. If you don't believe this
ask some of the men who have had their grain
threshed with the CASE. I will furnish names ot
owners of CASE machinery upon application. If you
are interested write me and I will send catalogues
and particulars. t
. E. Manspeaker
'm$mm. .... .. mum
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