The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911, September 16, 1909, Image 2
COVERY OF Hi POLE DESCRIBED ry PEARY Notice to Publishers. ' The following account by Command er Robert E. Peary of hit successful voyage to the north pole was issued on September 10 by the New York Timet Company t the request of Conomander Peary and for hie protec tion, as a book only, copyrighted and teKp06ed for tale before any part of It was reproduced by any newspaper In the United States or Europe, In order to obtain the full protection of the copyright laws. The reproduction of this account, in any form, without permission, is forbidden. The penal ties for violation of this form of copy right Include Imprisonment for any person, aiding or abetting such viol tion. This article lo copyrighted In Great Britain bv the London Times. Copyright, 1909, by the New York Timet ComDsrv. This narrative Is also copyrighted as a newspaper arti cle by the New York Timet Company. REPORT OF THE DISCOVERY OF THE NORTH POLE by Robert E. Peary, Commander U. S. N., Copy right, 1909, by the New York Timet Company, ' Peary , Denies Cook Claim. Battle Harbor, tabrador (via Marconi wireless, Cupe Kay, N. I'M. Sept. lO.-Do not trouble ubout Cook's story, or at lompt to expluln any discrepancies In his statements. The affair will settle Itsolf. lln has not been at the pole on April El, 1908. or at any oflier time. He has simply handed (be public a gold bruk. These statements art made advisedly. and I have proof of them. When he makes a full statement of lilt journey over his Signature to some geograulUqal society, or other reputable body. If that statement contnlns the claim that he nas reached the pole, I stiall be In a poal Hon to furnlah material that mny prove distinctly Interesting reading for the pub lic. ROBERT IC. PEART. Battle Harbor. tabrndor (via Marco ni wireless, Cupe Rny, K. F.). Sept. 9 The ateamrr Roosevelt, bearing the north nolar expedition of tho I'eary Arctlo club, parted company with tho F.rik and steamed out of Ktah ford late tn the afternoon of August IS. IMS, Netting the UHiial course for Cape Sa bine. The wentlur was dirty, with freNh southerly winds. We had on hoard 2'J Eskimo men, 17 women, and 10 children, 22C dogs, and some forty odd walrus. Wo encountered the Ice a short dis tance from tho mouth of the harbor. but It was not closely packed, and was necntlatcd by tho Roosevvlt without serious difficulty. Find Much Water. As we neared Cape Sabine the wenth er cleared somewhat and wo passed by Three Voort Island and Cupe hflblnu, easily nmklnK out with the naked eye the house at Hayes harbor occupied by me In the winter of 1901-02. From Cupe Sabine north there was so much water that we thouKht r set tinsr tho luff salt before tho southerly wind, but a lltllo later appearance of lea to tho northward stopped this. There was clean open water .to Cape Albert, and Trom there scattered Ice to a point about abreast of Victoria Head, thick weather and dense Ice bringing us some ten or fifteen miles .wav. From here we drifted south somewhat and then got aslant to the northwnrd out of tho current. We worked a little further north and stopped again for some hours. Then we again worked westward and northward till we reached a series of lakes, coming to a top a few miles south of the Wind' ward's winter quarters at Cape Dur vllle. From here, after some delay, we lowly worked a way northeastward through fog and broken lee of medium thickness through one night and the forenoon of the next day. only emerg Ing Into open water and clear weather off Capt Fraser. Strike Ice and Fog. From this point we had a clear run through the middle of Kobeson channel uninterrupted by either Ice or fog, to Lady Franklin bay. Here we encoun tered both ice and fog. and while working along In starch of a pructl- oablo opening were forced across to tha Greenland coast at Thank God Harbor. The fog lifted there and enabled us to make out our whereabouts and we steamed north through a series of leads past Cape l.upton, and thence south ward toward Cupe 1'itlon. A few miles off that cape we were stopped by Im practicable Ice. and we drifted back south to Cape Union, where we stopped again. Ship Forced Aground. We lay for some time In a lake of . water, and then, to prevent being drift ed south again, took refuge under the north shore of Lincoln bay. In nearly the Identical place where we hud our unpleasant experiences three years be fore. Here we remained for severval days during a period of constant and at times violent northeasterly winds. Twice we were forced aground by the heavy Ice; we hud our port quar ter rail broken and a bole stove In the bulwarks, and twice we pushed out In an attempt to get north, but were forced back each time to our precari ous shelter. Heavy Running Ice. Flnully on September 2 We squeeird round Cape I'nlon and tnude ta.it in a . shallow niche In the Ice, but after soma liours we made 'k'tiother shoit run to Black cape and hung un to a grounded bit of Ice. At la I. a little after mid night of September 6. we passed through extremely ueuTy i mining ice into a stream of open water, rounded Cape Rawson ana p-isseu i upe BluTldun. Within a quarter of an hour of the same time we arrived three years before even s. m.. Septemtier -w reached the open water extending beyond Cupe Sheridan. Wo steamed tip to the end of it and It appeared prucllcnbie at hint to reach porter bay, near C.ipe Joseph Hcnly, which I had for my whiter quarters, but the outlook being uwat infactoi y, I went back and put tne itooseveit into the only opening In the tloe, being burred close to the mouth of the Sheridan riv er a little nortli of our position three years prior. Put Up for Winter. The season was further advanced than In HiOS: there wus mute snow on th ground and the new he Inside the floe berst was much thicker. The work of discharging the ship was svrMiinenced st once and rushed to com pletlon. The supplies and equipment we ledged across Ice and sea and deposited en shore. A house and workshop were American Explorer's Own Story ' Dash built of board, covered with s.tlls, and lltteil with stoves, und the ship was snug for winter In shoal water, where It touched bottom at low tide. The settlement on the stormy shores of (he Arctic ocean wus christened Hub hurilvllle. Hunting parties were sent out on Sep tember 10 and a bear was brought In on the l.'th and some deer a duy or two later. Prepare for Sledge Trip. On September 15 the tull work of trans ferring supplies to Cupe Columbia wus Inaugurated. Marvin with Dr. od- kuII and Ilorup and the Eskimos, took 18 sledgn loads of supplies to Cupe Uelknap and on tha 27th the sumo party started wl:h louds to Porter bay. The work of hunting and transporting supplies wus prosecuted continuously by the members of the party and the Eski mo until November 6. when the sup plies for the spring sledge trip hud been removed from winter quarters und de posited at various places from Cape Co- lun to Cupe Columbia. Tlie lutter part of September the move. ment of the ice subjected the ship to a prts.'iuro which listed It to port soma eight or ten degrees, and It did not re cover till the following spring. On October 1 I went on a hunt with two Eskimos across the Held and Puss buy and the peninsula, made the circuit of Clernunts Murkham Inlet, and returned to the ship In seven days Willi li musk oxen, a beur and a deer. Ijiter In October I repeated the trip. obtaining five musk oxen, and hunting parties sue u id some w fleer. Supplies Moved to Base. In the February moon Bartlett went to Capo llecla, Goodsull moved some more supplies from Hncla to Cape Colan, and Boiup went to Mark ha in Inlet on a hunt ing trip. On February 15 Hartlett left the Itoosevitlt with hU division for Cupe Columbia und Purr buy. uoodsull,' Ilorup, MucMUlan and Han sen followed on successive days with their provisions. Marvin returned from Cupe ilryant on Februury 17 and left for (.'upe Columbia on February 1. 1 brought up the rear on February 22. The total of all dlvlalons leaving the Itooseveit . wus seven . members of the party, 19 Eskimos, HO dogs und 23 sledges. Make Ready for Dash. By, February 27 such of the Cupe Colan depot us wus needed hud been brought up to Cape Columbia, the dogs were rested and double rationed und hurnesscd and the sledges und other geur over hauled. Emir months of northerly winds during the fall und winter Instead of souther ly ones, as during the previous season led me to expect less open water than before, but a great deal of rough Ice, und 1 was prepared to hew a road through the Jugged Ice fur the first hundred min or so, then cross the big lend. Bartlett Leads the Way. On the lust duy of February Hartlett, with his pioneer division, accomplished this, und lils division got away due north over the Ice on Murch 1. The rest of the parly got away on llarllutt's ti nil, and 1 followed an hour later. The purty now comprised seven mem bers of the expedition, 17 Eskimos, 133 dogs und IS sledges. One Eskimo and seven dogs had gone to pieces, ' A strong easterly wind, drifting snow, and temperature in tne minus marked our depurture from the camp at Cupe Cislumblu, which I had christened Crane City. Hough Ice In the first march damaged several sledges and smashed two beyond repair, the teams going buck to Columbia for other sledges In reserve there. Pass British Record. We camped ten miles from Crane City. The easterly wind and low temperature continued. In the second march we passed the llrltlsh lecord made by Mark- hum In May, IS,-S2.20 und were stopped by open water, which hud been formed by wind after Hartlett passed. In this murch we negotiated the lead and rt ached Hartlett's third camp. Ilorup had gone buck from here, but missed his way, owing to the faulting of the trull by the movement of the Ice. Marvin came buck nlso for more fuel and nlcohol. The wind continued, form ing open water all about us. At the end of the fourth murch we came upon Hartlett, who had been stopped by a wide lake of open water. We remuined here from Murch 4 to March 11. Gets Glimpse of Sun. At noon of March 5 the sun, red and shuped like a football by excessed re- (lection, )ust raised Itself ubove the horl son for a few minutes and then disap peared again. It was the first time 1 had seen It since October 1. I now began to feel a good deal of anxiety because there were no signs of Marvin and Ilorup, who should have been there for two days. Beside, they had the alcohol and oil, which were In dispensable for us. We concluded that they iuid either lost the trull or were Imprisoned on an is land by open water, probably the latter. Fortunately, on March 11 the lead was practicable and, leaving a note -for Mar vln and ilorup to pusn on arter us by forced marches, we proceeded northward. The sounding of the lead gave 110 fathoms. Iurlng this march we crossed the elglity-fourtn parallel ana traversed a succession of Just froten lends, from t few hundred yards to a mile In width This march was really simple. On the fourteenth we got free of the leuds ami came on decent going. .While we were making camp a courier from Marvin came and Informed me ha was on the march In the rear. The temper ature was 9 below sero. The following morning, March 15, I sent Hansen with his division north to pio neer a trail for nve matches, and Dr. Uoodtell, according to the program, start ed back to Cape Columbia. MacMillan Turns Back. At night Murvln and Borup came spin nlng In with their men and dogs steam Ing In the bitter air like a squadron of battleships. Their arrival relieved m of all anxiety as to our oil supply. In the morning 1 discovered that Mae- Mllluns foot was badly frost bitten. The mishap had occurred two or three days before, but MucMillun had said nothing about It tn the hope that It would come out all right. A gluiwe at the Injury showed me that the only thing wus to send htm buck to Cape Columbia at once. The arrival o Murvln und Borup enabled me to spare sufficient men and dogs to go back with him. On leaving the camp the expedition comprised 16 men, 12 sledges and luO dogs The next march wus satisfactory as re' aids dlstunue and ths chaructvr of the to the Absolute Goal of Centuries Reached Travel, Smooth Ice and Mild Weather Helping Sensations of Intrepid Commander at Climax of His Life Vork. going. In the latter part there wexo pronounced movements in the ice. both visible und audible. Some leads were crossed, in one or Which Korup and his team took a bath. arid we were .finally stopped by an lin- nractlcable leud opening In front of us. We i-amned -fif a temperature of Go de grees below, .,; ' "'. , .- ,. At the end of two short' marcnes we came upon' Hansen ana .nis puny in camp. : mending- their sledges. We de voted the remainder of the uay to over hauling and mending sledges und break ing up our damaged ones for material. Make Forced Marches. The next morning I put Murvln In the lead lo pioneer the trull, wltn instruc tions lo make two forced marches to bring up. , our average which hud been rut down by the lut two) snort ones. Murvln curried out hlB Instructions Im plicitly. A considerable amount of young Ice assisted In this. At the end of the tenth march, lutltude 85.23, liorup turned back In command of the second supporting party. Having trav eled a distance equivalent to Nmuon's distance from litis far to his furthest north. I was sorry to lose this young Tale runner, with his enthusiasm and pluck. He hud led lils heavy sledge over the floes In a way that commanded every one's admiration and would have mudu his father's eyes glisten. Changes His Plan. From this point the expedition com prised 20 men, 10 sledges, .and 70 dogs. It was necessary for Marvin to tako a sledge from here, and I put Bartlett und his division in advance to pioneer the trull. The continual daylight enabled me to make a moderation here that brought my advance and main purtles closer together and reduced the likelihood of their be ing separated by open leads. After Hartlett left camp with Hender son and their division, Marvin and I re mained with our division 20 hours long er and then followed. When we reached Hartlett's camp be broke out und went on and we turned In. By this arrange ment the advance party wus traveling while the main party was asleep, and vice versa, and I wus In touch with my advance party every 24 hours. Moves Expeditiously. I had no reason to complain of the going for the next two inarches, though for a less experienced party, less adapt ble sledges, or less perfect equipment It would have been an Impossibility. At -our position at the end of the sec ond march, Marvin obtained a satisfac tory sight for latitude In clear weather, which placed us at 85.4S. The result an reed sullsfactorlly with the dead reck oning of Marvin, Bartlett and myself. Up to this time, the slight altitude of the sun had mude It not worth while to waste time In observations. On the next two marches the going Im proved, and we covered good distances, n one of these murches a lead delayed us a .few 'hours. w unsiiy terrieu across ths Ice cakes. Makes Record Run. The next day Hartlett let himself out evidently, for a word, and reeled oft 20 miles. Here Marvin obtained anothei atlsfactory sight on latitude, which gave the position as .: (or beyond the furth est north of N arisen and Abruxzl), and showed that we had covered 0 minutes of latitude In three marches. In these three marches we had passed the Norwegian record of 86.14, by Nan sen, and the Italian record of M'H, by Cugnl. From this point Marvin turned back In command of the third supporting party My lust words to him were: "Be care ful of the leads, my boy." The party from this point comprised nine men. seven sledges, ana M) dogs, The conditions at this camp and the ap parently unbroken expanse of fairly level Ice In every direction reminded me of Cagnl'a description of his furthest north, Danger Is Encountered. But I was not deceived by the appar ently favorable outlook, for avalluble conditions never continue for any ills tnnce or any length of time In the arc Uo regions. The next march was over good go- Ing, but fur the first time since leaving land we experienced that condition, fre quent over these b 4iekls, of a busy at mosphere. In which the light Is equal everywhere. All relief Is destroyed, and it is impossible to see for any distance. We were obliged in this march to make a detour around an open leud. In the next march we encountered the heaviest and deepest snow of the Journey, through a thick, smothering mantle lying In the depressions of heavy rubble Ice. Temporarily Discouraged. I came upon Bartlett and his party, fagged out and temporarily discouraged by the beartracklng work of. making road. I knew what was the mstter with them. They were simply spoiled by the good going on the previous marches. I rallied them a bit, lightened their sledges and sent them on encouraged aguln. During the next march we traveled through a thick hare drifting over the Ice before a biting air from the north east. At the end of the march e came upon the isplain camped beside a wide open lead with a dense blin k water sky northwest, north and northeast. The next murch was also a long one, It was Burtlett's lust hit. He let him self out over a series of large old tlors, steadily Increasing In diameter and covered with hard snow. Wind Helps Out. During the last few miles I walked inside him or tln ndvajior. Jle wus sol emn and anxious to go further, but the program was for him to go back from here in command of the fourth sup porting party, and there were no sup plies for an Increasu In the main purty. Bartllett Did Good Work. When he left I felt for a moment pangs of regret as be disappeared In of His Thrilling Apex of the Earth. By Marvelously Swift the distance, but It was only momen tary. My work was still ahead, not in the rear. Bartlett had done good work and had been a great help to me. Circumstances hud thrust the brunt of the pioneering upon him Instead of dividing it among several, as I had planned. He had reason to take pride in the fict that he hud bettered the Italian record by a degree and a quarter and had covered a distance equal to the entire distance of the Italian expedi tion from Franz Josef's land to Cagnt's farthest north. I had given Bartlett this position and post of honor In command of my fourth and-lust supporting party, and for two reasons: f'rst, because of Mi magnificent handling of the Itooseveit; soond,kbct:use he had cheerfully stood between me und many trifling annoy ances on the expeditions. Then there was a third reason. It seemed to me appropriate in view of the magnificent British record of arc tic work, covering three centuries, that it should be a British subject who could boast that, next to an American, he had been nearest the pole. Ready for Final Effort. With the disappearance of Bartlett V turned to the problem before me. This was that for which I had worked for 32 years, for which I hud lived the simple life; for which I had conserved all my energy on the upward trip; for which I hud trainee myself as for a race, crush ing down every worry about success. In spite of my years, 1 felt In trim- fit for the demands of the coming days und eager to be on the trail. As for my party, my equipment, and my supplies, I wus In shape beyond my most sanguine dreams of earliest years. My party might be regarded as an ideal, which hnd now come to realization ns loyal and responsive to my will us the lingers of my right hand. Men All Tried and True. Four of them possess tho technique of dogs, sledges. Ice, and cold as their herl tuge. Two of them, Hansen nnd Ootam, were my companions to the farthest point three years before. Two others. Kginwuk und Sigloo. were ,ln Clark's division widen had such' a harrow escape at that time, and now were willing to go any where with my Immediate purty, nnd willing to risk themselves again In uny supporting purty. The fifth wus a young man who had never served before In any expedition. nut wno wus, ir possible, even more willing and euger than the others for the princely gifts a boat,' u rllle, a shot gun, ammunition, knives, etc., which I hud promised to each of them who reached the polo with me: for he knew that these riches would enuble him to wrest from a arubborn father the girl whose image filled his hot ygung heart. All Followed Him Blindly. ah nan Diina commence so long as I was with them, and gave no thought for the morrow, sure that whatever hap pened I should somehow get them buck to land. But I dealt with the party equally. 1 recognized that all Its Im petus centered In me. and that whatever pace I set It would make good. If any one played out, I would stop for a short lime. , I had no fault tq And with the condi tions. My dogs were tho best, the pick of 122 with which we left Columblu. Al most all were powerful males, hard uS nails, in good tlesh.'tiut without a super fluous ounce, nnd. 'What wus butter yet. they wore all In good spirits. My sledges, now that the repairs were completed, were In good condition. My supplies were ample for 40 duys, and. with the reserve represented by the dogs themselves, could be made to last 60. At a little after midnight of April 1 after a few hours of sound sleep, I hit the trail, leaving tha others to break up camp and follow. As I climbed the pressure ridge bark of our igloos I set another hole In my belt, the third since I started. Kvery mun and dog of us was lean und Hat bellied us a board and as hard. Fine Morning for Start. It was a hue morning. The wind of the lust two days had subsided, and the going wus the best and most equable of any I had had yet. The noes were large and old, and clear, and were sur rounded by pressure ridges, some of will oh wre almost stupendous. The biggest of them, however, were easily negotiated, cither through some crevice or up soma huge brink. I set a good pace for about tun hours. Twenty-five miles took me well be yond the eighty-eighth parallel. While I was building my Igloos a long lend forward by tho east and southwest of us at a distance of a few miles. Few Handicaps Are Faced. A few hours' sleep and we were on the trail again. As the going was now practicality horizontal, we were un hampered and could travel as long us we pleased and sleep as little as we wished. The weather was fine snd the going like that of ths previous duy, except at the beginning, when plckuxes were required. This nnd a brief stop at an other leud cut down our distance. But we hud made 20 miles in ten hours and were hulf way to th eighty-ninth parallel. Going Improves on Way. Again there was few hours' sleep and we hit the trail before midnight. The weather and going were even bet ter. The surface, except as Interrupted by Infrequent ridges, was as level as ths glacial fringe from Hscla toColum blu. and harder. We marched something over ten hours, the dogs being ofton on the trot. and made 10 miles. Near the cud of ths inarch ws rushed across a lead 100 yards wide, which buckled Under our sledges snd finally broke as the lust sledge lett n. We stopped In sight of the eighty ninth parallel In a temperature of 40 degrees below. Again a scant sleep and Successful und we were on our way once more and across the eighty-ninth parallel. This murch duplicated the previous one as to weather and going, i tie last few hours It was on young Ice and oc casionally ths dogs were galloping. We made twenty-five miles or more. the uir, the sky, and the bitter wind burning the face till it cracked. It was like the great Interior Ice gap of Greenland. Kven the natives com plained of . the bitter air. It was as keen ns frozen steel. A little longer sleep than the previ ous one had to be taken here, as we were all In need of It. Then on again. I'p to this time, with each successive march, our fear of an impussublo lead hud Increased. At every Inequality of the -ice t found myself hurrying breath lessly forward, fearing that It marked a leud, and when I arrived at the summit would cutch my breath with relief only to find myself hurrying on In the suiue way at the next one. But on this march, .by some- strange, shift of feeling, this fear fell from me cumpk-tely. The weather wus thick;" but It gave me no uneasiness.1 . -. ,: Before 1 turned in I took an observa tion which Indicated our position as W degrees 25 minutes. . .... A rise In temperature to IS degrees be low reduced the friction of the sledges and gave the dogs the' appearance of having caught the' spirits of the. party The more sprightly ones, as they went ulong with tightly curled tails, frequent ly tossed their heuds, with short, sharp barks and yelps. . In 12 hours we had made 40 miles. There was no sign of a lead ..In . the march. , Pole Reached at Last. I had now made my five marches, and wus In time for a hasty noon observation through a temporary break In the clouds which Indicated our position as fS.il. I quotn un entry from my Journal some liours later: The pole at lust. The prize of three venfurles, my dream and goal for 20 .years, mine at lust. I cunnot brin; my self to realize it. It all seems so simple and common plure. As Bartlett said when turning back, when speaking of his being In these exclusive regions, which no mortal hus ever penetrated before: "It Is Just like every day." Of course I hnd my sensations that made sleep Impossible for hours, despite my utter fatigue the sensations of a life time; but I have no room for them here. The first 30 liours nt the. pole were spent In taking observations; In going some ten miles beyond our camp and some eight miles to the right of It; In taking photographs, planting my flags, depositing my records, studying the hori zon with my telescope for possible land, nnd searching for a practicable pluce to make a sounding. . Ten hours after our arrival the clouds cleared before a light breeze from our left and from that time until our depar ture In tho afternoon of April 7 the weather was cloudless and flawless. The minimum temperature during the 30 hours was 33 below, the maximum 12. We hnd reached the goal, but the re turn was still before us. It wus essential that we reach the land before the next spring tide, nnd we must strain every nerve to do this. I hud a brief talk with my men. From now on it wus to be a big travel, little sleep and a hustle every minute, . We would try, I told them, to double march on the return that Is, to start and cover one of our northward marches, mnke tea and eat our luncheon In the Igloos, then cover another march, eat and sleep a few hours, and repeat this dully. Double Speed cn Return. As a mntter of fart, we nearly did this, covering regularly on our return Journey five outward marches In three return marches. Just as long ns we could hold the trull we could double our speed, and we need waste no time In building new igloos every day, so that the time we gained on the return lessened the chances of a gale destroying the track. Just above the eighty-seventh paral lel was a region some fifty miles wide which caused me considerable uneasi ness. Twelve hours of strong easterly. westerly, or nostherly wind would make this region on open sea. In the afternoon of the 7th we start ed on our return, having double fed the dogs, repaired the sledges for the lust time, and discarded all our spare clothing to lighten tho louds. Sea 1,500 Fathoms Deep. Five miles from the pole a narrow crauk filled with recent Ice. through which we were able to work a hole with a pickax, enabled me to make a sounding. All my wire, 1.J00 fathoms, was sent down, but there wus no bot tom. In pulling up the wire parted a few fathoms from the surface nnd lend and wire went to the bottom. Off went reol and handle, lightening the sledges still further. We had no more use forj them now. ,i Three marches brought us back to the Igloos where the captain turned back. The last march was in the wild sweep of a northerly gale, with drift ing snow nnd the ce rocking under as we dashed over It. Little Trouble in Leads. South of where Marvin had turned back we came to where his party had built several igloos while delayed bv open leads. Still further south we found where the captain had been held up by un open lead und obliged to eump. Fortunately the movement of these leads was simply open and shut, and It took considerable water motion to fault the trail seriously. While the captain, Marvin, and as I found iuter, Borup, had been delayed by open leads, we seemed to bear a charm and with no single lead were we delayed more than a couple of hours. Sometimes the Ice was fust and firm enough to carry us across; sometimes a short detour, sometimes a brief halt for the lend to close, sometimes an Im provised ferry on an Ice rake, kept the trail without difficulty down to the tenth outward march. First Handicap on Return. 9 Igloos there disappeared completely and the entire region was unrecognis able. Where on the outward Journey had neen narrow cracas, there were now broad leads, one of them over five miles In width, caught over with young Ice. Here again fortune favored us, and no pronounced movement of the let having taken place slm-e the captain passed, we had his trail tn follow. We picked up the old trail again north of the sevmth Igloos, followed It beyond the fifth, and at the big leud lost it llnally. Eskimos Wild with Joy. From here we followed the captain's trail, and on April 23 our sledges passed up the vertical edge of the glacier fringe, a little west of Cape Columblu. When the last sledge came up I thought my Eskimos had gone crazy. They yelled and called and danced themselves helpless. As Ootah sat down on his sledge he remarked, in Fskimo: "The devil Is asleep or having trouble with his wife, or we never should have come back so euslly." A few hours later we arrived at Crane City, under the bluffs of Ope Columbia, and, after putting four pounds of pemmlcan Into each of the) faithful dogs to keep them quiet, we had, at last, our chance to sleep. Sleep Finally in Safety. Never ahull I forget that sleep at Capo Columbia. It was sleep, sleep, then turn over und sleep again. We slept glorious ly, with never a thought of the morrow ! or having to walk and, too, with no 1 thought that them wus to be never a nlgl'it more of blinding headache. ' . Cold water to a purched throat Is noth- I Ing compared wllh sleep to a numbed, (" fatigued train 'and body. Two days we .spent here In sleeping and I .drylng.qur clothes Then for the ship. ; vnir uogs, use ourselves, nan noi oeen fi'ungry when we arrived, but simply life- leas, .with .fatigue. They were different animals now', und the better ones among i them' swept on with tightly curled tails I and uplifbed heads and their hind legs ! trending the snow with pistonlike regu- laWty. ' ' i ; Shocked by Marvin's Death. 'We renched Hecla In one march and ; the 1 Roosevelt In another. When . ww 1 got Vo. the Itooseveit I was staggered by the news of the fatal mishap to Marvin. He hnd either been less cautious or lean fortunate than the rest of us, and his .death emphasized the. risk .to which we all had been subjected, for there was not one of us but had been In the sledge at some time during the Journey. The big lead, cheated of Its prey thre 'years 1 before, had at lost gained Its hu man victim. The rest can be told quickly. McMillan and Borup had started for the Green land const to deposit caches for me. Be fore I arrived a flying Fskimo courier from me overtook them with Instructions that the caches were no longer needed and they were to concentrate their ener gies on the Ideal observations, etc., at Cape Morris K. Jesup and north from there. Return on Roosevelt Begins. These Instructions were carried out anJ nfter their return In the latter part olT May McMillan made some further tidal observations at other points. The sup plies remaining at tho various cach" were brought In and on July 18 the) Itooseveit left Its winter quarters and was driven out into the channel back of Cape Nlnn. It fought Its way south In the center of the channel nnd passed Cupe Sablnn on August 8. or IKt daye earlier than In llli)8, nnd 32 days earlier than the British expedition In 1S76. We picked up Whitney and his party and stores nt Etah. We killed seventy odd walrus for my F.sklmos, whom I landed at their homes. We met the Jennie off Saunders Island and took over Its -oal and cleured from Capo York on August 20, one month curlier than la 1906. Praise for His Aids; As to the personnel, I have agflln been particularly fortunate. Capt. Bartlett la Just Hartlett tireless, sleepless, enthusi astic, whether on the bridge or In ths crow's nest or at the head of a sledge d!vlslon In the Meld. Dr. Ooodsell, the surgeon of the expe dition, not only looked after Its health nnd his own speclulty of microscopes but took his full share of the field work of the expedition us well, and was always ready for any work. Profs. Marvin and McMillan have se cured a muss of scientific data, having made nil the tidal and most of the field work, and their services were Invaluable In every way. Borup Valuable in Many Wayi. Borup not only made the record as to the distance traveled during the Jour ney, but to his aslstnnce nnd his expert knowledge of photography Is due whnt I believe to he the unequnled series of photographs taken bv the expedition. Chief Engineer Wardwell. also of the Inst expedition, ntded by his as sistant. Scott, kept the machinery up tn a high state of efficiency and has given the Roosevelt the force nnd pow er which enabled It to negotiate appar ently Impracticable Ire. Mr. Unshoe, the mate, who was tn charge Of the Roosevelt during the ab sence of Capt. Bartlett and myself, and Boatswain Murphy, who was put In cbnrge of the station at Etah for ths relief of Cook, were both trustworthy nnd reliable men, nnd I count myself fortunate In having hnd them In my service. Members of Crew Lauded. The members of the rrew and the firemen were a distinct Improvement over those of our last expedition. Every one of them was willing and nnxlous to be of service in every possible way. Connors, who was promoted to b bos'n In the absence of Murphy, proved to be practically effective. Barnes, seamnn, and Wlsemnn and Joyce, firemen, not only assisted Mar vin nnd McMillan in their tidal and meteorological observations on ths Roosevelt, but Wiseman and Barnes went Into the field with them on their trips to Cape Columbia, nnd Condon and Cody covered 1.000 miles hunting and sledging supplies. Supplies Left for Eskimos. As for my faithful Eskimos, I have left them with ample supplies of dark, rich walrus ment nnd blubber for their winter, with currants, sugar, biscuits, guns, rifles, ammunition, knives, hatch ets, traps, etc. For the splendid four who stood be side me at the pole a boat and tent ench to requite them for their energy nnd the hardship and toll they under went to help their friend Peary to the north pole. But all of this the dearly bought years of experience, the magnificent strength of the Roosevelt, the splen did energy and enthuslusm of my party, the loyal faithfulness of my Eskimos could have gone for naught but for the faithful necessaries of war fur nished so loyally by the members and friends of the Peary Aretle club. Thanks to Dead Friend. And It Is no detraction from the liv ing to ssy that to no single Individual has the flno result been mors signally due than to my friend, the late Mnrrie K. Jesup, the first president of the'club. Their assistance has enabled me to tell the last of the great earth stories, the story the world ian been waiting to hear for 300 years the story of the discovery of tho north pole. ROBERT E. PEARY.