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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 9, 1909)
FROM ANGORA GOATS
Probably tho Most Pronounced and Useful Trait of the
Animal Is Its Ability to Clear Pasture
of Weeds und Brush.
nrrr i i r :. ..i .t - :. .;
A Cftnoe camp
New York bus but recently dlscov-
red a new summer resort right with
in the metropolitan district, and It U
only Just beginning to utilize It. This
is the rnlisades park, which belongs
Jointly to the states of New York and
iNew Jersey and stretches for miles
along tho western bank of the Hud
eon. The ground from the top of the
cliffs to low water mark and several
places at the top of the cliffs were ac
quired five years ago In order partly
to stop the destruction of the 1'all
sades by stone quarrlers and partly to
prevent this, the choicest spot around
New York, from getting Into the
hands of real estato dealers, and bo
being cut up Into buldllng lots and
thus taken away from the general
A commission, consisting of 10 New
York and New Jersey business men,
was appointed to look after It and one
or more of these visit the park every
New Yorkers have Just discovered
what an Ideal spot this Is for camp
ing. All along the shore are tents, In
which boys and men and often wom
en, too, are living close to nature. The
lebiis washed down from the Fall
adcs by the waters of the ages bas
formed a beach, sandy and smooth in
some places, rocky and overgrown
with trees In others. Upon this beach
any one may pitch a tent, except in a
few choice spots, where a small fee Is
required, but It la necessary for all
to obtain a permit from the commis
sion and also to obey the rules that
are laid down by It.
The beach Is reached by boat caHlly,
but one can walk along tho shore from
the Fort Lee ferry, or, better still,
take a trolley car to the turn at Main
street, Fort Lee, and then walk about
h mile along the road In a northwest
erly direction and down a (light of
primitive stone steps. There are also
other points further north at which
one can descend the cliffs. Along this
stretch of beach tho campers may be
found. Their tents and tires are vis
ible from the far upper west side of
Manhattan, say from about One Hun
lred and Seventy-second street up to
Spuyten Duyvil. In some tents are
whole families, the father going to
and coming from business In a motor
boat and rowing across to and from
Manhattan or walking to and from
Fort Lee or Coytesvllle, N. J. In oth
ow are parties of young men. In
one group Is a band of volunteer life
savers, who keep a beacon burning at
night and encourage the boys of the
other camps to learn to swim and
dive. There are boats that may be
hired by the day, week or month.
There is excellent fishing for eels and
crabs; the water, while not quite as
salty ns the sea, Is moro than brack
ish and the river in many places Is so
shallow that at low tide one may walk
half way across to New York.
Franklin Hopkins, the broker, of
No. 25 llrond street, Is one of the most
active men on the commission that
has charge of this strip of park and
lias really mado it his hobby. A few
days ago ho took the writer In a mo
tor boat for a tour of the camps.
"Two years ago these hills were In
a very, very bad condition," he said,
us he pointed out their beauty. "Camp
ers used to como over In whole fami
lies, set up great tents and tako in
boarders. Tho sanitary conditions
were appalling and the conditions of
morality were little better. There was
really a canvas tenement district bore
in the woods and a vandalism that
showed only too plainly that there
would be few natural beauties along
the Bhoro left If these people were
permitted to go their own way. To
stop this It was made a law that
camping permit must be obtained and
that no tent could remain up for more
than four weeks out of any year. If
certain rules and laws were violated
the campers must go, permit or no
"We have picked six men who have
lived under the Tallsades nearly all
their lives to do the patrollng and the
At eight of a thin spiral of smoke
ilblng from amid the trees the captain
THE! TiT VILLAGE S?S
"That." said Mr. Hopkins. "Is not
permitted; fires may be built on the
shore, but not on the bills or under
trees. You seo, wo have learned that
eternal vigilance is the price of parka.
Often In the summer and always In
the full It is difficult to keep fire out
of the hills."
Tho captain returned and reported
two llres extlnguinhed In tho wooda.
They had been nvide by canoeists
whom we presently saw coming
down the rocky sides of the hill and
preparing to make their fire on the
beach. Mr. Hopkins, taking up the
megaphone, called a pleasaut "thank
you" over the water and was an
swered by a wave of the hand and a
cordial nod of the head.
"That's the thing we try to encour
age," he said, pointing to a picnic
pnrty on tho rocks; "those young
people come over In the morning and
havo a bully time all day, healthy and
good, and return to town with a pic
ture other than of brick streets in
their mind's eye. Suppose we run In
and seo them."
Going ashore, It was discovered that
tho men of the party were tho big fel
lows of tho tratllc squad, happy,
healthy, having a royal good time.
"Have you found the water, boys?"
asked Mr. Hopkins.
"No, and we've needed It, too," said
one of the men.
"Well, right up there about a block
you will find a cold spring. And right
up there," pointing to the woods, "a
path that Is mighty pleasant to take
an after luncheon walk on, not too
strenuous a path, either."
The water pipes of the Pallsadea
are especially good; there are nino
springs and wells that have been sup
plied with piped barrels. These are
cleaned out twice each week and kept
In absolutely sanitary condition. On
a beautifully clean beach, set aside
for canoeists, Dr. and Mrs. William
McAndrewa, of the Washington Irving
high school, were found at their after
noon meul, hnppy and having n per
In a sail of several miles up the
HudBon many Instructions to the boat
ing parties were called through tho
megaphone. Fires were moved, tents
were changed from u forbidden ground
to suitable Epots and water wns locat
ed for the campers.
WOMAN WAS A SOLDIER
Tablet to .Honor Barbara
Duravan, Who Died In
Captured by uulon soldiers as a con
federate spy aud imprisoned In Alton
during the civil war, It was not known
until death that H. A. Duravan was a
woman, that she wns Barbara Ann
Duravan, and that she had come from
Tennessee. On one of the tablets of
tho big shaft now being erected In
memory of the 2. COO confederate sol
diers In the confederate cemetery In
Alton, the St. Louts Republic says,
I appear tho name of the only wom
an buried In the cemetery.
An old citizen of Alton recalled the
story, the discovery that the prisoner
was a woman creating much excite
ment at the time.
With a big batch of soldiers brought
In to bo incarcerated In tho prison
was a frail little creature who gave
tho name of 11. A. Duravan. Duravan
had been where the bullets had been
flying thick and fast, had been in the
long marches with Lee's army, had
slept out In the open when only the
snow that fell served as a cover to
keep the llttlo soldier warm.
Comr; les had n warm spot In their
hearts for Duravan. Tho little sol
dier was strong In the belief of the
southern cause, eager to bring about
the defeat of tho unionists.
One morning Duravan was found
dead in the prison cell and then it
was learned for tho first time that the
palo little soldier was n woman.
Two days ago the story of the
brave woman who had donned man's
clothes to go to war was revived and
her name will bo especially emblaz
oned on the bronze tablet that will
mark the resting place of tho sol
diers. A Sad Story.
"Haven't you a home?" asked the
"Yep," answered Plodding Pete. "I
had a nice home, but do first t ing 1
knew It had a woodpile -and a garden
and a pump. And den It go so much
like a steady Job dnt I resigned."
What a Man Says.
"You can't says one of the philoso
phers, "tell what a man knows by
by what he doesn't fay." Hut you can
generully tll by what he says what
u man doesn't know.
rrobably the most pronounced and
useful trait of the Angora goat is Its
ability to free pastures of weeds and
brush. A bulletin of the department
of agriculture claims that 40 goats will
clean as much land as a man with a
mattock, and do It much better, writes
J. H. Harpster in American Agri
culturist. A member of the Iowa
state board of agriculture is author
ity for the statement that the Angora
goat has added 11,000,000 to the value
of Iowa land in the last ten years, by
freeing It of brush and weeds. There
are millions of acres of land In the
United States, tho value of which
could be more than doubled by the
raising of these animals for a few
years, at practically no cost to the
farmers, ns the goat will pay for Its
keep and a handsome profit besides.
The goat Is the only animal that
will take tho job of clearing our land
and pile a great portion of the brush
and weeds In his shed as manure and
ask nothing for doing it. All he nsks
is a dry place to sleep, which he will
go to himself, and some feed when
it Is too wet for him to go out. For
this he gives up a fleece of hair, worth
from one dollar up, and each year an
other grubber, In the form of a
The gout will eat any feed that any
other animal' will eat and a great
deal that no other animal will touch,
but It must be clean. In summer
be will eat all kinds of brush and
weeds and leave the grass for tho oth
er animals, in the winter he will
eat the tops of all the weeds to get
the seeds and the twigs and ends of
all brush and briars and the bark
from a great many saplings, peeling
them up six feet high.
Western gonts are not hard to fence,
as they havo never been In any In
closure, except a corral, and hence
USE IN THE FALL
Advantage of Buying Iltsheat
Grades 13 Shown hy Compar
By A. J. LEGG, Albion, W. Va.
It Is generally conceded that either
a superphosphate or a superphos
phate and potash Is the most econom
ical fertilizer to use on wheat.
My experience hero Is that a good
grade superphosphate alone gives
better results than the superphos
phate and potash when applied to
wheat. I prefer it to tho phosphate
and potash if they cost the samo
money, but the potash added also
adds from three to lour dollars per
ton to the price of the goods.
it may bo that It will pay to buy
the potash in some localities, but I
feel sure that It does not pay here.
The superphosphate hastens the ma
turity of the crop and thus lessens th
danger from loss by rust and othr
diseases which Injur th whuat crop.
It helps to make nice plump grains,
since the phosphoric arid Is found
principally In the grain of the crop.
In comparing prlcps It is necessary
do not know how to jump. Any ';ood
fence will turn them; they are more
apt to crawl under than Jump over,
but w hen they once learn to jump they
are good at the job. A woven wire
fenco three feet high is an Ideal goat
fence. One with square ineslie is
preferable, with stay wires not closer
than 12 inches apart.
Angora goats breed but once a
year and usually bring forth their
young In late winter or spring, usti
ally one, but sometimes twins. The
kids are delicate when first born, but
when once filled with mother's milk
will stand lots of exposure. Tho
fall is the best season to buy goats,
r- z :cTX-:-... ft a
as then you can see the mohair and it
has not added much to the price. If
you buy In the spring you must buy
the fleece, as well as the goat. Shorn
goats all look alike to me, and no one
can tell with absolute surety a good
haired goat after It is dipped.
The fleece of tho Angora goat is
called mohair, and they shear from
one and one-half to twenty one pounds.
The average for this country is be
tween three and five pounds for one
year's growth, and it Is from three to
twenty-two inches long, the average
being somewhere between.
The price of mohair varies as muck
i as the weight of the fleece, and ranges
J from 16 cents to $?.50 per pound, the
i former price for sIx-monthB-old goats
of poor hair, and the latter the price
paid a Montana firm for two fleeces
that weighed 42 pounds. The goat
that took the premium at the St
Louis world s fair clipped 1ft pounds
of hair and sold for 14.50 per pound.
Tom Wedgewood of New Mexico had
a buck that sheared 16 pounds of hair,
ten pounds of which sold for five dol
lars per pound. Mrs. Armour of New
Mexico had a doo fleece that weighed
11 pounds and Hold for $12.
to consider tho amount of available
phosphoric acid in the goods.
If a certain brand shows ten per
cent, available phosphoric acid and Is
offered at (14 per ton, and wo desire
to compare it with a brand which
shows an analysis of 1C percent. avail
able phosphoric acid at $18 per ton
we call the per cent, pounds, since
ten per cent, means ten pounds per
hundred, and multiply It by the price
per pound for phosphoric acid, which
Is usually calculated at from five to
six cents per pound, and compare tho
Ten pounds phosphoric acid nt six
cents per pound equals CO cents.
Sixteen pounds phosphoric acid at
six cents per pound equals 96 cents
This shows the cheaper grade to be
worth 60 cents per hundred and the
higher grade 96 cents per hundred.
Sixty times 20 is $12.
Ninety-six times 20 is $19. SO.
This shows that when 16 per cent
goods are selling at $19.20 per ton
the ten per cent, goods are ouly worth
commercially $12 per ton.
A paeker declares that tbt eot of
picking barrel of apples on very
large, high trees la 20 cents n barrel
while on low-beaded trees tut cost
does not exceed eeven centp.
f SjcS" A Dress and To Jackets Lj
TIIK first design shown is a charming little short-walsted dress, that can bn
carried out In cotton, or any soft material. It must not be too thick, or tha
gathers at tho waist will make it bulky. The bodice and skirt are cut In one;
tucks are mado on the shoulders and across front, there are also two tucks
abovo the hem, and a row of insertion above the top tuck. Tho effect of a
short-waistod bodice Is given by a deep waist band, pointed In front, to which
the material is gathered. Hat of fancy straw, trimmed with marguerites and
Materials required for the dress:
The second shows a reefer coat
washing silk blouse. Tho coat has a
trimmed with navy blue bra.J.
Material required for coat and skirt, four yards 46 inches wide.
The last illustration presents a useful little coat of white serge. It is an
easy little pattern for an amateur dressmaker to attempt, the absence of col
lar simplifies the making very much. Tho edge is trimmed with a simple
pattern, worked with Russia braid. Crinoline hat, trimmed with small flowers.
Material required for coat: Two
SMART STOCK EASY TO MAKE
One of the Prettiest of the Season
Calls for Comparatively
Ono of the smartest of the new
stocks Is so easily copied that almost
any girl can make herself one at small
The collar and a long strip reach
ing to the bust line Is of semi-transparent
Japanese Hnen. Hoth-slds of
the collar and strip are finished In an
Irregular scallop buttonholed in a deep
tone of old blue. This also runs around
tho bottom of the strip, which forms
a semi circle.
Tho center of collar and strip aro
worked In . detached, flve-petaled
flowers interspersed with dots of dif
Surrounding the strip and making
the niching for the top of tho collar
is footing or fine net. This is turned
in a uutow hem an eighth of an Inch
1eep, v hlch' Is run with the three
shades used in embroidery. This
Gtltchl.ig may either be outlining or, as
the rufilo is plaited and takes quite a
length of material, It can be done on
the machine if you have one which
males a chain stitch.
Tho plaiting around the long tab Is
about three-quarters of an inch wide,
while that used as niching in narrow
enough to be becoming.
One of the loveliest gow ns worn nt n
recent luncheon, where modish gowns
wore a plenty, was of shell-pink ba
tiste, fashioned after design suggested
In above illustration, which shows tho
artistic use of self tone embroidery
flouncing on skirt. All-over embroid
ery, In same shade, was used for bod
Ice and sleeves In a sort of Jacket ef
fect to the blgh-waisted skirt and bor
dered by bias bands of the material.
Tho square yoke of fino white lace
was separated from lower part of bod
ice of plain white batiste of sheerest
quality, by a band of narrow pink
satin ribbon, with small bow in center.
A bat of white rlneapple straw, with
bunches of pink hyacinths and a pink
Bilk parasol, added further beauty to
Four yards 40 Inches wide.
and plaited skirt, worn with a whlto
deep square collar of white cloth,
SETTING OFF DINING TABLE
New Patterns in Cut Glass Are Formed
in Imitation of Beautiful
It is not usual for new patterns In
cut glass to como In very plentifully,
but the designers and manufacturer
ers have united in a recent effort and
we are shown three beautiful flowers
In the newest glass dishes for our
dining tables. We have the daisy,
with a butterfly hovering above it in
a most graceful and perfect design,
made in various-shaped vessels, both
tall and fiat.
Then we have the Scotch thistle,
which is unique In cut glass, and the
clover lenf and blossom so perfect In
the cutting that we wonder there Is
not a more persistent effort to re
produce every available flower.
Another and a greater wonder is
that so many housewives are given to
sheltering all of these beautiful dishes
perchance from the careless hands
of servants until the "mere posses
sion" of them has got to be a mania.
It Is really better to get the good out
of things than to drift gradually Into'
what is known as "a slavo to your
Cut glass should be cleansed in
soapsuds and then polished with saw
dust and chamois skin.
Take a solution of hot water and
tannin, allow half an ounce of tannin
to one gallon of water and steep the
straw In this solution for several
Make another solution of hot water
and glue, allowing an ounce of whlto
glue to ono gallon of water, and pass
the straw through this, and dry It In
the open air slowly.
When, dry, put through a weak'
aniline dye several times.
Straw can also bo colored by pass
ing it through any thin, pale, spirit
varnish while holding the desired
color In the solution.
Safety Pocket fop Traveling.
Safety pockets for Jewels and
money are a necessity for tho woman
traveling. Frequently they are made
to bolt on the waist under the blouse;
sometimes to be fastened to the garter
under the knee, and sometimes to be
strapped around the neck. Good ones
aro made of chamois skin, securely
lapped, pinned and buttoned. Some
dainty ones are mado of embroidered
linen, lined with chamois to make
them secure. Other patterns of safe
ty pockets have bands around the
waist, while the pocket Is attached
with a band to the belt.
Rote Perfume to Last for Years.
Gather tho roses with morning dew
upon them. Place In a large bowl.
Sprinkle over a handful of salt to each
cup of rose leaves. Stand 24 hours.
Press thoroughly all the liquid from
leaves and dry. Put through a wire
sieve. Then add tho liquid a little at
a time, till dried into the powdered
loaves. Other perfumes can be add
ed, but I prefer nothing but the clear
rose powder. Exchange.
If you want to get the best results
In embroidering Initials, do not use a
twisted cotton, but one that Is soft
and mercerized and will mat together
60 as to produce a smooth, even sur
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