Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 8, 1909)
WANTED Good carpenters, no others
need apply. Wages 40 and 45 cents
per hour. Steady work. J. H. Harte
1C09 Webster St.", Omaha, Neb. 16 6
CIGAR SALEMAN WANTED-In
your locality to represent us. Exper
ience unnecessary f?110 per month and
expenses. Write for particulars.
Monarch Cigar Co., St. Louis, Mo.
CALIFORNIA POST CARDS-Send
Jioc for one dozen beautiful post cards
from the const, mailed postpaid.
Address Lulu E. Thoma::, General
Delivery, LosAnpeles, Calif. 18-4
WANTED Yoang men and women to
f.ll positions paying $900 to $2000 per
annum. Big demand for stenograph
ers in the Government: service, as
well as in private business life. Our
new method of teaching shorthand
by mail insures as thorough and
practical a training at your own home
as is obtainable by personal attend
ance at any business college in the
country. We guarantee success.
Complete course for small cash pay
ment; balance to be paid when you
secure a position. Trial lesson free.
Central Business Institute, Central
Building, Washington, D. C.
Making Money .
On the Farm
VEIL Potato Culture
By C. V. GREGORY,
Author of "Heme Course In Modern
Copyright, 1909. by American Prets
FOUND -On train to Omaha, lady's
purse containing money. Owner may
have same by calling at News-Herald
office and proving property.
A. L. TIDD
References , T
Bank of Eagle, Eagle. 3.
Nehswka Bank, Nehawka. j-
Bank of Murdock, Murdock. T
First Nat'l bunk, Greenwood. 3.
State bank of Murray, Murray. 4
First Nat'l bank, I'lattsmouth.
BAILEY & (Mil
tlteit Hifict nijfl-Griiit DrntMry. ItliCI
itlerrlcrt. bfM-'qulpM Drnul Of
fice li till Middle Wctt.
CClt DltCOUNTI TO CITY VHITOK.
id floor Futon Hik . Itth rarnim, OMAHA, NEB.
C. A. MARSH1LL, D. D. S.
All Work Guaranteed ,
Twenty-six Years' Experience
uiiice in nczgeraia biock
WOULD FUSE WITH THE ORIENT.
Writer Declares That Out of Action
Would Come a Estter Race.
In many respects (be orientals are
our ornithosis, and If our Ideals, pr'u
cipios, and ins;luii;-na are more
henefioiem. we are under obligutiott
to present thorn. There should he ns
collision between tlio Munsol and the
Anglo-Saxon races, hut instead there
should be a fusion. Out of this fusion
there thould cmirr;;? a better race.
We ea:i learn lunch from the. various
people cf tho orient which would, b1
benelicial to ourselves, and while w
receive from ther.i we are able l"
contribute the one C"cat principle of
J ho Anglo-Saxon r:t:-e, nam-'ly, liberty,
livery race thai l.aj come Into power
and prominence has aiocd lor som?
great, ovcrrv.astcriny; ldra. That lot
which we stand ami which Is tho ;;reat
touchstone of o;rr sreat national Hfo is
liberty. It is for our nation, as the
Kreat western wing of tho Anslo Saxou
race, to join in tho extension of this
principle, r.nd alsa to bear the lues
tago of peace. Mason S. Slone, Com
mlssioner of Education, cf VerniJAit, in
Leslie i Wojkly.
Rubber Displacing Tea.
In a once famous tea district of In
d!a the cultivation of rubber has drlr
en the production of the former to sec
end place, nearly 17,000 acres belnj
devoted to rubber plantations.
"Was It a good comeiy!" "Very
poor; the only time my husband
smiled was when be went out after
each act." Houston Pest,
Make the Best of Things.
Happiness Includes the art of over
t'Olnrr IMtx.o fin1 fntif-nn1lno rnpml a
As tho Lord loveth a cheerful elver,
the world lovclu a cboerful looker.
"How much fuel do you compute we
shall need a our motor trip!" "Well
suppose we say twj gallons of gaso
lene and tares gallons of Scotch."
IIETIir.U grown for market
or fi:r home u-e only, it Is
Important that the potatc
crop be made to yb'id ns
much as possible. VVlth the right hind
of care yields of ZA) to .".00 bushels to
the acre i an be obtained, making this
(no of tiie most pmtliablo crops that
can be grown. Even with the most
careless treatment the tuber frequent
ly yields most geurroiisly.
The potato Is very particular in its
soil requirements. A licji sandy liiam
h the best sr.il. Not all farms have
mi. h a Foil. Put almost any soil can
bo prepared as to make a fairly gooO
potato patch. Two things are ess-en
tial. mellowness, and plenty of tnols
lure. Clay Is too heavy, ni d sand dries
cut loo rapidly. Soils which contain
too much clay or too much ni'id ca:i
be greatly Improved for the pr thictlon
f piitatc.es by the nt'diiitn of humu
The ideal way to prepare a p'eld tor
potr.toes Is to seed It to clover fcr at
least a year, manure it heavily, plow
It u)i and plant It to corn. In tlu fall
the com can be cut for silage r fud
tier, so that It can be plowed before
winter. The plowing should be fairly
deep. Two dlsklngs and a harrowing
cr two the following spring make an
Ideal seid bed for potatoes.
I'otatots nre not raised from seed,
but from the swollen' underground
stems that v.e call tubers or potatoes.
Any piece of a tulier that contains an
"eye" will grow n lid product' more of
Its klr.d. A potato vine grown from a
piece of a tuber Is really not a new
plant, but part of the old one. If out-
r hit conditions are the sni::c tho plant
will be the same and prod u-e the ramf
bind of a crop. There Is much less
tendency to vary In plants propagated
In this way than In those rnlsed from
Large Versus Small Potatoes.
Because of the fact that the potatc
Is not a seed it has been claimed thai
small potatoes would produce Just as
good crops ns large ones. Growers
often sort out ami plaut the tubers
that are too small for market. Tin
outcome of fair or live yours of sucl
selection almost always means n de
creased yield. If the potatoes planted
were small only because they did nut
have n chance to develop they would
produce nearly ns good results as lar
ger ones from the same bill. If. how
ever, they were small becnuse they
fame from a 1:111 of tubers all of which
were naturally small they would pro
duce mostly staall potatoes like them
selves. Tor this reason It Is not safe
to plant the sniall tubers. Another Im
portant poiat . that there Is not
enough food material In a sniall po
tato to give the sprout the kind of a
start that It needs to produtse a good
yield. It Is the stocky, vigorous hills
that are full of large potatoes when
digging lime comes. The start the
plant gets while It is tirst making Its
way to the surface of the ground
largely determines the vigor with
which It will continue to grow through
out the season.
The experience of most potato grow
ers U that It It best to plant medium
M;:od tubers, about the size of a hen's
egg or larger, cutting each one into
four pieces. In experiments that were
I'M. XV WELL SII.WED 3EliI) I'OTATO.
conducted along this line quarters
gave a jleld of seven bushels to the
acre more than two eye pieces nr.d llf
toon bushels mure than one eye pieces.
The seed potatoes should be kept la
a dark place until planting time to
keep theni from sprouting as miiidi ns
possible. Xew sprouts will grow If
the old ones are broken off, but they
will not be as strong. If the seed Is
nt all scabby It should be treated be
fore planting. This Is done by soak
ing the tubers for two hours In a solu
tion of one pound of formalin to forty
Kullons of water. Afterward the po
tatoes should be spread out to dry
and then cut. The cutting should not
bo done until Just before planting, as
otherwise they will shrivel and he
some of their vitality. Tho plan of
getting the seed isitutoos cut several
weeks or even days before planting W
not to be commended. Even if tlte seed
thus prepared Is kept In a dark cellar
the starchy part of tho. tuber Is cer
tain to lose much of Its freshness, and
tho vitality of the seed may Iks Im
Early 'poatses Fhotiht tiFjtlantcrl as
soon a.s the ground can 1k worked.
The later varieties, which comprise
the bulk of the crop, should be planted
about corn planting time or a little
Inter. Ia the eoru Ix'lt it Is most con
venient .o mark off tho rows with the
corn planter. Where laud W high and
H Is desired to work It to Its fullest
c4acHy the rows may be ns ckwe as
throe feet. Where ten cr more acres
tire grown a potato planter will soon
pay for itself. Where the acreage Is
smaller than this two or three neigh
bors tan often combine to purchase
stu b a machine.
Whore hand planting Is practiced
the rows should be opened with ('
stirring plow to a depth of four to sis
Inches. The practice, of dropping the
! tubers In a cultivator track and cover
J ing them lightly is responsible for
: many of the low yields, l'otatoes
! send up a strong sprout that Is able
to pcuctratt six inches of soil easily,
ami the roots need 'to be well down in
the moist earth. After the tubers are
dropiiod the stirring plow may again
be broug'it Into use to cover them, or
a disk cultivator may be used. The
main tiling is to get them covered
deeply. After covering two or three
harm wings should be given to level tin
groin d and kill any sprouting weeds.
The cut tubers .should bo dropped
from twelve to sixteen inches apart.
tnie in a place. Tli amount of seed
ti use per acre will depend on (lie
price. If seed potatoes me not too ex
pensive it pays to be liberal with them.
Where medium si.ed potatoes are cut
into quarters anil tin pped every fif
teen ln-,-hes in rows three anil one-half
feet apart twelve 1o lifted! bushels
per at re will be needed.
On western farms, where laud Is
cheap ;i d l .bor scarce, potatoes are
often ignited I.) !ovi both ways. This
can be readily thine by running a
planter wire across the Held and drop
pii'g a piece i f potato at each button
c:i the wire. Tho wire js moved at
?m-!i cm! as in pbiiitlng'corn. When
.Iciited i':i this way half a tuber In
dtad cf a quarter should be dropped
la a place. Such a plan will not give
BIRTH OF THE GERMAN NAVY.
FIO. XVI I'OTATOIS LKKT IK ViLV.
as good a yield as drilling, provided
the drilled potatoes are kept free from
weeds. The checked potatoes can be
cultivated both ways and kept clean
with but little hand labor and will
yield more than a weedy pnteb planted
twice as thick. Tlio feasibility of the
plan depends entirely upon the rela
tive cost of land and labor.
A good harrowing after the plants
are two or three Inches high will de
stroy many weeds nnd loosen the dirt
In the row. Deep planted potatoes nre
not injured by such a harrowing. A
row days after this the cultivator
should be started and the Held culti
vated once a week r oftener until the
blossoms appear. It pays to hoe or
pull any weeds that come up In the
rows. No one thing will reduce the
yield of potatoes more than weeds.
The ground should bo left nearly level
at the last cultivation. Deep planting
makes hilling unnecessary.
Spreying For Insects and Diseases.
The potato beetle Is the one serious
Insect enemy of the potato crop. The
most prevalent disease other than scab
Is Might. This affects the leaves, caus
ing them to turn black and curl up.
Both Might and beetles can be readily
controlled by spraying witli bordeaux
purls green mixture. This Is made ns
follows: lYur pounds copper sulphate,
four pounds fresh lime, four ounces
pnrls green nnd fifty gallons of water.
Dissolve tho copper sulphate In twenty-live
gallons of tho water and the
lime l:i the rest. Then pour (lie two
solutions together. Make the purls
green Into a paste with a little water
and stir it Into the mixture. It pays to
have a good hard Fprayer to apply this
solution or a power machine it' many
acres r.re grown. A hand snraver can
be bought for or $0. If equipped
with two nozzles ro as to take two
rows nt onre it will not take more than
ni hour to go over an acre. The ou-
tl;e (xpeti'o, including the labor, wlil
be repaid several times over by tho In
crease In yield. Throe cr four r.nrnv-
i:;-,'s will be sc.flt -lent, starting about
the time the hints are six Inches high
iv.. (1 continuing nt intervals of a week
or ten days until they nre In bloom.
Digging the Crop.
Where a large acreage of potatoes Is
grown or where several neighbors each
raise a few acres every year, a digger
is a paying investment. It leaves the
tubers on top of the ground In good
shape to be picked up anil gets prac
tically all of them. Where only a few
are grown they can be forked out, but
t!ds is a slow Job. Tho most common
practice Is to plow them out. By pick
ing them up after the plow, then bar
rowing twice ami picking up after each
harrowing, few will be left. If the
field Is so located that the hogs can Ik
turned In on It. they get nil that were
missed. As soon as dug, w hich should
be Is-fore severe freezltifr weather, the
potatoes should be piled tip and cov
ered with straw and dirt. Here they
may he left until tlio ground begins to
freer.e. when they may lie put in the
cellar or hauled market. If the pl'e
is ou a well draliMHl place it may be
coveted with a foot to eighteen Inches
of straw uutl ns much dirt nnd safely
left till spring: There are many potato
growers, especially those of foreign ex
traction, who never keep their crop la
any other way. While the dry Indoor
method lias numerous advantages, such
ns readiness for use In nil weather and
convenience of handling, there Is much
to commend the outdoor storage plan.
Tltero are even those who contend that
the flavor of the tuber to only to be
maintained by tortug at ttt fbe pit
A Few Facts Showing the Wonderful
Progress Made in Building Up
a Marine Power.
Some idea of the wonderful progress
of the (Jennan navy is gained when
one realizes that Viee-Admlial Keln
hold von Werner, whose death is an
nounced at the nge of M, saw prac
tically the birth of that navy ns we
now know It. When the flerman fleet
was sold by auction In 1852 Werner
secured a commission in the new Prus
sian navy, nnd during the war with
Denmark he commanded one of tho
three steam frigates, then the prin
cipal ships of the 1'russlan navy. At
the date of the formation of the feder
al navy Werner was director of dock
yards at Danzig. In ISM, however,
the deceased vice-admiral returned to
active service, and at the time of his
retirement in 1S7S he held the com
mand of the Baltic station, lie de
voted the last 30 years of his life to
the patriotic task of popularizing the
Idea of that sea power which ho had
seen grow from insignineant propor
tlcns to a strength which has done so
much to stimulate the shipbuilding of
other nations. Ho was n prollllc writ
er, and ids authorship extended over
a Ions, period. Even at the time of
tho Battle of Jasmund he uttructod at
tention by a work on the Prussian
navy, its present and its future.
Be Amiable and Retain Youth.
As n charming woman once said:
"To remain 'always young one must
bo always amiable." A melancholy
face, a sirtlen, an evil look, la like com
ing in contact with winter; whereas a
serene face, n gracious air, a kind and
good expression, is like a spring day.
and a smile on the lips like its sun
shine. Sulky people, you may have
remarked, always appear to be ten
years older than they are. Tho face
grows wrinkled from contracting the
brows: the mouth projects disagree
ably when sulking. Behold beside the
portrait of the sullen woman the pic
ture of the sweet and gracious woman;
all her features are In repose, her lips
form an adorable Cupid's bow, kind
ness sortens her glunce and goodness
Illuminates her brow. Perhaps she is
tho elder, but she will always appeal
young and charming.
To The Public
The prices of lumber and building material
of all kinds is lower at the present time than it
will be in the future. Large buyers such as
the railroads and similar corporations, have be
gun to buy in large quantities, the result is the
lumber market has passed the low place and
prices are bound to advance. If you are ex
pecting to build it will pay you to BUY NOW.
Get prices from
The Insanity Plea.
"Sir," said the young womnn, with
hat seemed to be Indignation.
The young man looked embarrassed
'.'Yes, I did kiss you," he admitted,
'but I was Impulsively Insane."
"That means that a man would be a
lunatic to kiss me?"
"Well, any man of discretion would
be Just crazy to kiss you.".
This seemed to ease the strain, and
no Jury being present to muddle af
fairs a satisfactory verdict was
reached. Philadelphia Ledger.
.AA. . .. .. m
The First National Bank
of Plattsmouth, Nebraska.
SAFE, SOUND AND CONSERVATIVE
George E. Dovey, Tresident.
Frank E. Sciilater, Vice Pres.
Horatio N. DoveV, Cashier.
Carl G. Fricke, Ass't. Cashier.
JA.JKJ A.. v-. .. ..
We still have on hand a quantity of embroid
ery left over from a recent invoice. There are
no full bolts of these goods, they consisting of
remnants running in length from one to twenty
yards. We have thrown them all together in
one lot and you may have your choice at 9c per
yard. The values run up as hidi as fifteen
cents and if you are in need of anything in this
line you will be well pleased with our price of 9c.
When you are down town it will pay you to
come into our store and look around. We carry
a handsome racket stock, and you will probably
find that we carry in stock iust the little thing
that you have been unable to obtain of your
regular dealer. For instance a pair of good
pliers at 10c, shelf brackets at from 4c per pair
up, brass headed tacks, hand saws, meat
cleavers, etc., etc.
i w. mi
Powered by Open ONI