The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911, July 01, 1909, Image 2
PlATISMOUIHMWSHtRlUD n. 0. WATTER8, Business Manager v. H PLATTSMOUTH. NEBRASKA MAKING MOVING PICTURES. In a suburb of Paris is a factory where cinematograph films are mad The company operating tbe business has a large tract of land fitted up as an amphitheater, within which are en siled the blood-curdling Bcenes whleb delight audiences in the moving pic ture shows. Recently pictures were made depicting the death of a young Christian maiden In a den of lions. Vestal virgins, courtiers and knights marched around the arena and then took seats safely outside a huge cage. A young girl was strapped upon a cross within the cage and seventeen real Hons were let loose. The Hons were exceptionally hungry and made thort work of the poor martyr. They had been borrowed from on animal show and had been kept without food for three or four days. They tore the maiden limb from limb and spilled her blood all over the cage, but the ir-.nidtn didn't even scream for help heg flesh was papier mache Btuffed with raw beefsteuka. It is reported that the sultan of Turkey offered to give $50,000,000 to remain in quiet possession of the throne and that the offer was refused. It can be seen from this that the suf fragette movement has not made much progress among the Young Turks, for the feminine heart could never have resisted throwing such a plain bargain. "Thoughtless fun" reached a danger ous pitch at lielolt college when in an exchange of courtesies between young lady students one of them was injured by having red pepper rubbpd into her eyes. The report runs that the injured girl Is In danger of losing her sight. In entering Into the college spirit girls seem to show quite as much aptitude as boys. Th3 United Stales circuit court of appeals at San Francisco has decided that the great fire In that city was not caused by the earthquake which pre ceded it, and the matter Is now settled so far as certain Insurance cases are concerned. Hut this w ill not alU'r pop ular conviction that if there had been no quake there would have been no lire. Now a Washington minister says that Cain's wife was a fine woman. It is a good thing that it has struck somebody, even though this late in the day, to do Justice to this neglected lady. As her history is buried in ob llvion, It Is to be hoped that If her hus band did exterminate his brother, he was not anything of a ladyklllcr. Still, while we are turning up the nose of artistic scorn at the women's hats, It may be salutary for the males to recall that for the better part of a century the acme of style in masculine headgear has been a construction de scribed, as "chimney pot" and afford ing about the degree of comfort that the name suggests. The cauBe of aristocracy has fallen on evil days. An Italian prince was recently arrested and held all day in a police station for running down two workmen with an automobile for which he had no license. Why go to Morocco to be carried off by bandits and held for expensive ransom when one can Just as well In vest one's money in lawsuits, gasoline launches and other games of chance here at home? French art circles are discussing the question "At what age Is a woman most beautiful?" It Is a question whether the ladles can be persuaded to provide any reliable statistics in the matter. ASHINC.TON. - jf?l was unveiled in toe tia U I tlon's capital recently a Miiiuc ui iuo nev.juuu Witherspoou, one of tbe signers of the Dec laration of Indepen dence. More and more attention Is being given throughout the country to the memories of the men who signed tho liberty document Not long ago there was held in Wash ington a convention of the descend ants of the signers. It is expected that as the result of the labors of this hereditary organization there will be gathered together for pres ervation in one safe place all the things that are attainable which had intimate association with the men wno on the 4th of July, 1776. took their lives nnd thir r.n in hand. In the year 1776 lived a wnmnn who was fond of giving curtain lectures to her husband. She was the original Mrs. Caudle, though v uu,ue was Mrs. Dickenson, the wire of John Dickenson of Penn sylvania, whose "Letters of a Pennsylvania Farmer" had done much to arouse a spirit of liberty among the people. One night sev era! weeks before the meeting of the continental congress, of which Dickenson was a member, his spouse, speaking from beneath the Shadow of her nlch, Johnny, if you hnv nnvthi . do with this Independence business ou 11 be hanged, and leave a most excellent widow." John Dickenson spoke against the resolution de clarlng the colonies to be free and Independent The great independence debate was held within closed doors, and no record of the speeches was kept, because it was felt that in case of mstf TH OAlGlJiAL ORAFT OF THE DECLARATION Qt JnDEPtffDcffCc to PREoERVEi? Kiaiuu oi iuo nev.jumi -TC SSS? TJ 1 iv Ml f I SO . , w I i I ixie signers oi me uec- ZZ"V2l lWfftt 1 f& . S I : ' J ' A'K laration of Indepen- ' YlA VW 1 ,Jfc ' - I - r - ? :Jh dence. More and more g MKf W P M & 7Z '1 - I - V " ' ; i attention Is being given 'S. p$0 ISX 111 J VS 1 t7V) " I " " - " typ?-J!- throughout the country -J- "M& Xj IinN ( ill Jai fr ' " t ' ' i 7 i i im " s The notable Increose In the post office receipts all over the country is very gratifying. Next to the bank clearings, the postal receipts are the best Indicator of the activity of business. Some etymologist ventures to say nickelodeons had their names sug gested by "Old Nick." Walt till he gets his chance for revenge againBt the author of that statement. Somebody announces that the tip ping evil Is unknown In Finland. Must we choose, then, between giving tips and living In Finland? Give us time to think it over. Sound baseball advice: Never let a game get away w hen it is possible to win. As in crlbbage. pegging Just one may make the victory, Ktp right on top of your Job all the time. ri iASTOPIC DE3H V WHCi dffrSOt WfiOrf THf DrciAfiATOrt A great many people are not tempt ed to engage in intensive farming, be cause they are not sufficiently Intense Id their dispositions to tackle the Job. New uniforms for the army will cost $4,000,000. Vncle Sam's boys are aw fully bard on clothes. the capture of any one of the members of the body that King George would have him strung up speedily should there be written evidence that he had spoken against the supremacy of the crown. When the Brunswick monarch, however, had been forced to relinquish his grip on the united colonies, some of the delegates told what they had said or what others had said. These fragmentary speeches bad never before been gathered together, It is believed. Bits of them appear here and there In revolutionary-day stories. Others are to be found In the correspondence of some of the fathers of the republic, and two others have had their spirit, but not their letter, preserved through one of the almost matchless orations of Web ster. It Is a well-kcown fact that the declaring of the colonics Independent was not thought of seriously before the convening of the memor able congress of the spring of 1776. Washlnf ton was bitterly opposed to any such declara tion until it became a military and civil neces sity. Patrick Henry was perhaps the only out spoken advocate of the year when the cutting was actually accomplished, though Benjamin Franklin and Timothy Dwlght thought, and sometimes said, that the yoko should be re moved. Henry, by the way, in one of his speeches, undoubtedly gave the keynote to which Robert Emmet afterward attuned the last sentence of his speech when condemned to die. As early as 1773 Patrick Henry de clared that the colonies should strike for inde pendence, and prophesied that France would not be backward in coming to their aid. The Ust words of his speech were almost literally a pari of the concluding words of Robert Emma.'i speech: "Then our country shall take hr place among the nations of the earth." The original declaration of independence was a local affair. Mecklenberg county, North Carolina, at a public meeting held In the town of Charlotte, in August, 1775, declared that "it threw off forever all allegiance to the Brit ish crown." It was not long after this that North Carolina instructed its delegates to the Continental congress to vote "first, laBt and always" for the independence of the united colonies. It must be said that many historians doubt the authenticity of , the Mecklenberg declaration. The congress that was to declare America free convened In Philadelphia, nnd In a general way discussed tho matter of throwing off the yoke. Richard Henry Lee of Virginia Intro douced this resolution: "Moved. That these united colonies are, and of right ought to be. free and Independent states, and that all po litical connection between us and Great Brit ain Is. and ought to be, dissolved." John Adams of Massachusetts seconded the motion, but the names of both movef and sec onder were omitted from the record, because , It was tbe belief that if the British authorities got hold of them as prisoners tbey would stretch hemn 'without a trial. Before the dis cussion of the resolution congress adjourned and came together again In June, when began the debate, perhaps the most momentous In history, tbu details of which, save In letacbed form,' were never pre served. During a part of the proceedings Ben jamin Franklin pre sided. , In a letter written 20 years after the debate one of the delegates said that when Benja min Franklin, after the slgulng, said: "Now, we must all hang together or we'll all hang separately," Harrison, who. had a ready wit, looking at his ample proportions, said: "If they drop us off at a rope's end some of you lightweights will be kicking and suffering long after I'm done for." During the time of tho adjournment, the committee which had been appointed to pre pare the declaration of independence chose Jefferson, the youngest of their members, to write the document, on the ground that he was "the best penman" in the lot. Now, the word penman In those days was sometimes used to denote a man who expressed himself well on paper, and not necessarily a man who wrote a good hand. The English of the declaration perhaps shows that the word was used with the former significance, though some of Jeffer son's detractors have insisted that Tom Paine wrote the famous document. The Declaration of Independence was read paragraph by paragraph to the assembled members. As a matter of fact, the most bril liant speakers were opposed . to the resolution. Among those so opposed' were Dickenson, Rob ert R. Livingston, James Wilson and Edward Rutledge. It leaked out afterward that most of these men made speeches opposing the sev ering of the British bonds. Of three of those who spoke in favor of Independence It was afterward said: "Jefferson was no speaker; George Wycth was sensible, but not clear, and Witherspoon was clear, but heavy." It has always been believed that Richard Henry Lee said, in standing for the absolute independence of his country: "Why still delib erate? Why, sir, do you longer delay? Let this Nippy day give birth to an American re public. Let her arlre, not to devastate and conquer, but to re-establish the reign of peace and law. The eyes of Europe are fixed upon us; she demands of us a living example of freedom that may exhibit a contrast in the felicity of the citizen to the ever-Increasing tyranny which desolates her polluted shores. If we are hot this day wanting In our duty to our couutry the names of tbe American lcgista' tors of 1776 will be placed by posterity at the side of Theseus, of LycurguB, of Romulus, of Numa, of the three Williams of Nassau, and of all those whose memories have been and for ever will be dear to virtuous men and good citizens." Just how Lee's speech leaked out was not known, but it led to a somewhat remarkable scene in the English school of St. Bees. Lee had a son, a mere boy, a pupil in St. Bees. A member of a board of visitors to tbe institu tion asked tbe head master who the boy was. "He Is the son of Richard Howry Lee of America." was the answer., .THT CTL CAF JSiVWCH TH DCVLARKTWtf or msfyY0Sc- as preszrvsd "C o m e here, young man," said the Inquisi tor, and when Lee approached the English man said to him: "Do you know we will soon have your father's head on Tower hill?" "You may have it when you can get it," was the boy's spirit ed answer. John Dick enson of al though he bad been one of the fore most advo cates of resistance to tyranny, spoke forcibly against the adoption of the declaration. It may be that his wife's, "Johnny, you'll be hanged," was still on his mind. He was one of the best speakers In the congress, and the friends of liberty feared the effect of his argu ments. The gist of what he said was years afterwards made public, and, while Dickenson feared simply that the time had not yet coma for the declaring of the country's Indepen dence, and was In reality a patriot at heart, his memory has suffered for the stand he then took. When Daniel Webster delivered his pane gyric of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams he drew a verbal picture of that scene In the continental congress when the Declaration of Independence was under discussion. He knew the thread of Dickenson's discourse as It had been imputed to him, and though Webster mentioned no name, his amplification of Dick enson's words will probably stand forever as containing the essence of the opposition of the colonial legislator to the taking of a firm stand for his country's freedom. Dickenson's speech, as it has come down, runs in part as follows: "Let us pause. This step, once taken, cannot be retraced. This resolution, once passed, will cut off all hope of reconciliation. If success attend the arms of England we shall then be no longer colo nies, with charters and with privileges; these will all be forfeited by this act, and we shall be In the condition of other conquered people at the mercy of the conquerors. For our selves, we may be ready to run the hazard, but are we ready to carry the country to that length? Is success so probable as to Justify us? Where Is the military, where the naval power, by which we are to resist the whole strength of the arms of England, for she will exert that strength to the utmost? Can we rely on the constancy and perseverance of the people, or will they not act as the people of other coun tries have acted, and, wearied with a long war, submit In the end to a worse oppression? "While we stand on our old ground and In sist on redress of grievances we know we are right, and are not answerable for conse quences. Nothing, then, can be Imputed to us. But If we now change our object, carry our pretensions farther and set up for absolute In dependence, we shall lose the sympathy of mankind. We shall no longer be defending what we possess, and which we have solemnly and uniformly disclaimed all Intention of pur suing from the very outset of the troubles. Abandolng thus our old grounds of resistance only to arbitrary acts of oppression, tbe na tions will believe the whole to have been mere pretense, and they will look on us not as In- WLUA1 MSFJR, CU6TODJAN jured, but as ambitious, subjects. "I shudder before this responsibility. H will be on us If, relinquishing the ground on which we have stood so long, and stood bo safely, we now proclaim independence and carry on war for that object, whiU these cities burn, these pleasant field! whiten and bleach with the bones of thelt owners, and these streams run blood. H will be upon us; It will be upon us If. falling to maintain this unreasonable and Ill-judged declaration, a sterner despotism, maintained by military power, shall be established ovei our posterity, when we ourselves, given up bj an exhausted, a harassed and misled people shall have expiated our rashness and otonet for our presumption on the scaffold." It Is a fairly well established fact that on of the delegates, lacking a prepared speech o hlB own, quoted from Tom Paine's pamphlet, "Common Sense." which some months befori had created a sensation. Tom Paine, as h well known, was an atheist, but that made little difference to the delegate, who was said to be a pious Puritan, when he had a chance to let his feelings go ripping through sentences like these: "It matters very little now wha! the king of England either says or does; h hath wickedly broken through every moral ant human obligation, trampled nature and con science beneath his feet, and by a steady and constitutional spirit of insolence and cruetly procured for himself a universal hatred. It has been reported that John Witherspoon of Princeton, stanch orthodox Presbyterian, was the man who quoted thus liberally frooc Tom Paine, atheist. Some years afterward tht Scotch dominie, It )3 said, was taken to task for quoting Paine, and reverend John said, tt tradition may be believed, that tho devll'i pitchfork was none too bad a weapon to ub in prodding John Bull out of the country. It was left, however, for.John Adams to make the great speech that' brought to thi side of those favoring independence all the wavering ones, and strengthened in their post tlon those who stood for the signing of the declaration. What Adams said was given 19 substance to the world when there was na longer any danger of his being hanged for hit utterances. Daniel Webster lent his own elo quence and something of his diction to his In terpretatlon of Adams' discourse, which, on the evehtful day, It may be truly said won for the country the declaration of Indepen dence. Adams' powerful and electrifying speech was in part as follows: "It Is true, indeed. , that in the beginning we aimed not at Inde pendence. But there's a divinity which shapeiv our ends. The Injustice of England has driven us to arms, and. blinded to her own Interest for our good, she has obstinately persisted till independence is now within our grasp. W have but to reach forth to it nnd it is ours. Why. then, should wo defer the declaration? Is any man so weak as now to hope for a reconcilatlon with England, which shall leavo either safety to the country and Its liberties or safety to his own life and his own honor? "I know there Is not a man here who would not rather see a general conflagration sweep over the land or an earthquake sink It than one Jot or tittle of that plighted faith fall to the ground. For myself, having 12 months ago In this place moved you that George Washington be appointed commander of the forces raised or to be raised for defense of -American liberty, may my right hand forget her cunning and my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth If I hesitate or waver In th support I gl.-e him. "My Judgment approves this measure and my whole heart Is In it. All that I have and all that I am, and all that I hope in this life 1 am now ready here to stako upon It. I am for the declaration. It is my Jiving sen timent, and, by the grace of Goa, fc shall bo ray dying sentiment, Independence now and Independence forever." The 2d of July Is in reality Independence day, for on this date in the year 1776 a ma jority of the delegates from each colony voted for the declaration. Two days later the docu ment was signed and went Into effect and from that day -to this, in fulfillment of' John Adams' prophecy, the day has been celebrated "with pomp, parade, games, sports, guns, bells bonfires, and Illumination from one end 'of the continent to the other."