The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911, February 11, 1909, Image 6
AN ENGLISH PIGGERY THAT IS KEPT CLEAN Tw (KD)dl Arrangement of Pigsties anil Feeding Trough-. Reduces It.id Conditions to a Minimum. 77, .1-. 1 WJT- i-", Jkw X WHY W old mmiiE jpmx m tior BLOW ALL Mwmk Mmx -C, !piip 3pf (J ' iwWP'( n& OTF II&TT ! MPMowm mzmicPAL swhwake zovs t .. yt SSA , Vy,vH ; - "T" :, "Bra A Corner of the A picture which wo give of (he pig geries nl Minlt-y. Kngland, will show that the owner docs nut. full In with the proverbial saying that connects pis with tlirt. As a matter, of fact, the animal has suffered 'from having hail ii hail tianie. A pig; filwa.vH dues hi st when It is kfpt 'with n due regard to cleanliness, warmth, light and fresh air. 11 will he seen that the provi sion for these necessaries has been 1 Feeding (aiefully thought out as far as regards this lierd. Some critics mli;ht perhaps hject that the buildings and yards are silmoBt too well done. flc:nliuess Is :ittainei in some places by the erec tlnn only of temporary sheds for the niilnials, and tliese are periodically burnt to the ground a most effectual WHITEWASH WITH THE SPRAY PUMP By W. II. Underwood. It Is generally understood that many of the most disastrous diseases that come to our herds of live stock are caused by germs of one kind or an other that may remain dormant for years In litter about the stables. Such are hog and 'all' cholera, lump Jaw, navel ill, infectious abortion, tubercu losis, etc. There are also parasites that Infest the barns which cause barn Itch, scab, mange and kindred (lis eases. It Is, therefore, of the utmost importance that the barns be made clean and kept as clean as possible. In leaning the stables go over the hoards and walls with a stiff brush or broom to remove the cobwebs, dirt and litter that Is attached to them. 1 have seen stables where the ceilings were so festooned with cobwebs that the hoards above were almost hidden from view. Such accumulations nre tilled with millions of germs, many (if which are disease promoters. Having cleaned the' boards and walla as suguested, then give them n thorough dressing of some dependable sheep dip, and then one of line1 and salt. A spray pump is an ideal implement with whlth to apply the lime and salt mixture, but a cheap brush .or an old broom will answer the purpose very well. Lime and salt are cheap, so do not be too stingy with them, l would suggest slacking at b ast it half bushel of fresh lime, with hot water, In a bar rel and afterward add sufilcient water to the mixture so that it will spread evenly ami easily. The addition of a half gallon of salt will make the white wash stick to the boards and stone walls, it is an advantage to apply the lime and salt mixture while it Is still hot, especially during cold weather. it Is very necessary that the barns and outbuildings be given this cleans ing before the live stock go into win ter quarters. It will add (o the ap pearance of the buildings and also be of very great assistance in maintain ing the health of the live stock. Elggcr Profit, It costs no more to raise a pound of voultry (ban it does to raise a- pnund of pork, yet.tho poul try sells at a much higher price than pork. Piggeries. method of clearing out. the genus of disease. At Minify has been fol lowed a very different practice and the result has justified the means taken to achieve It. The plasties themselves are well built and of a spaciousness that, leaves not hint; to be desired in regard to the allowance-of fresh air. The same characteristics may be observed ill the yard?, which have been designed with passages that lender the work of feeding and Troughs. Inspection extremely easy. This sys tein has been carried out even as re partis the feeding troughs, width havi been planned with the object of mak ing (he work of feeding as easy a possible and of insuring that the food receives (lie smallest possible amount of contamination. THE LAW ON BUTTER RENOVATION The I'nlted States department of agriculture lias published the follow ing amended regulation relative to renovated butler: Regulation 13. Whenever any man iii'aeturcr's package of renovated but ter Is empty It shall be the duty of the person who removes the contents (hereof to destroy utterly the tax paid stamp on such empty package. Any person having in his possession empty renovated butler packages the tax paid stamps on which have not been destroyed will be liable to n heavy penalty. Original packages of renovated but ter for export only may be covered with cloth, jute, or bdrlap, provided that there be stenciled on the cove ing of the package In black letters on a while background, the words, "Reno vated ltutter" in one or two lines, In full faced tlothic letters not less than one inch square. The words "For Kxport Only" must appear In one line one Inch below the words "Renovated ltutter," in full-faced (Jot hie letters not less than three eighths of an Inch square. These markings are to be the (inly markings on one side or sur face of the package. Where possible, inspection will be made before the outer covering Is put on the package. If. however, Inspec tion be necessary after the outer cov erlngs have been placed on the pack ages, the exporter or his agent will la required to remove the outer covering from any or all packages designated by the Inspector. Nothing in this regulation shall In deemed to change or dispense with the r ipiiremi nt of Regulation 23 hero of in any way. A Good Ration. One good ration in fad, an ideal one Is: Com, eight parts; bran, two parts; meat, scrap, one part; clover or alfalfa meal, one part; middlings of some kind, five parts. Not So Hard. 1 he production of good, clean milk Is not the compli cated business It has often been re garded. It simply requires Intelli gence and care. Feed Roots. Roots have a most lwnlthfu! effect en the digestion and assist In the assimilation of the grain foods. Palrj cown relish them. Mtitmmm mi wag m m mm m.imm ii; i iiii t ii II ii ii b&ssk The sketch on the left shows one of skirt and bodice part are joined and put green tweed. '1 he bodice is on the lines of a blouse, having three tucks on each shoulder, stitched to waist at back and bust In front; the slight fulnes. Is pleated into (be band. The fronts are above the bust the buttons are put on to a band to which nlso the skirt Is attached; buttons and buttonholes) are used for fastening quite down the front. Hat of stretched satin lined with velvet, and trimmed with a handsome Materials required: .I'A yards cloth indies wide, 2',!s yards passementerie, 1 Here is an evening coat for girl soft old rose-colored satin cashmere is out with mercerized sateen in white. with sleeves to the wrist. The deep and long ends hanging in front. Materials required: 4 yards ); Inches wide, 4 yards double width sateen. collar, and 2 'a yards ribbon. DRESS FOR SCHOOLGIRL. In Navy Blue Serge, with Pretty and Appropriate Trimming. For school wear a dress of this style would be exceedingly useful. Navy blue serge Is chosen for It, the skirt Is plaited, the plaits are wide and far apart. fancy braid trims the foot of fkirt. The vest Is of lucked silk, the tucks being arranged in groups of fours, a strap of material and braid edges it. Three small tucks are made on encti shoulder; the plain sleeve Is set into a turned back cuff, trimmed with braid. Materials required: t'. 1 y jurds 4S Inches wide. S yards build, 1 jar.l silk. Shoes and Hose. Low shoes with handsome buckles and line transparent silk stockings are worn with all of the smart .short day gowns, even when cold weather really makes them seem unseasonable. Itut In this cas, flesh colored stockings in line wool or closely woven thin cot ton are worn under the silk hose, giv ing the effect of transparency, and yet plenty of warnnh. .lust as flesh colored, tight tilting silk jersojs are worn under the white or black tulle gulnipe und long sleeves, which almost Invariably accompany the afternoon dress. Vogue. Wooden Candlesticks. There Is quite a return at present to j the use of mahogany candlesticks for I the bedrooms and living room. They are even used on supper tnbv. The mahogany is old with a high polish and stands quite high on a Hat base. The candles nre used without shades. A pair of them Is a good fin ish tn a mahogany bookcase, also to n tnahoguuy desk. the. new coat costumes, in which th on together. Our model Is In cedar buttoned from Ibe waist to bust, then for ornament only; the waist is set feather" mount. 4S inches wide, S vanls satin IL' dozen yards cord. from H to 111 years of ago. A iirettv used for the coat; it is lined through The form is that of along loose sac'iue turn - over collar is of ermine with loops SHOULDER SEAM LEFT OUT. Pans Model Has the Sleeve Cut In One with the Shoulder. A new cut of bodice shows no shoul der seam. The sleeve that tightly molds the arms is cut in one with tin shoulder. The filling Is achieved by the under part. I he one-piece effect wonderfully shapes the shoulder. I noted this new sleeve in a gown worn uy one of a group of women. Of deep puce colored velvet the princess tunic trailed beautifully limp in its slender pointed tail. Instead of buttoning In the ordinary fashion at the back of the arm, the sleeve closed on the inside seam under a line of silk loops and oval olives. A tiny gulnipe of tinted tulle laid over gold net filled the small round at the neck. Rich gold and sll ver embroidery, mingled with pale. colored silk embroidery In relief, adorned the whole front of the cor sage. Kxtreinely chic was a third costume. Short und close, the skirt was hemmed with a band of skunk fur. The corsage, plainly cut to show no seams, and loosely fitted, was held at the normal waist line by a narrow leather belt, the buckle covered with leather. Kpaulettes of coarse, leath it coveieu lace, tranieu a square gulnipe of tucked ecru mull that mounted into a high-curved choker rroni ine uige or me square a nar row tablier fell to the belt, ltuttoned on each with large cord loops it cun nlngly concealed the closing. With the advent of the one piece gown for afternoon street wear, the tincoin fort able and untidy back closing is disappearing. On nearly all such gowns the closing is marked by a line of buttons set straight or in fanciful insnion. f roni a l'arls Letter to Vogue. The Little Collar Button. I.tttle, but oh my:- So annoying when it ts not Hat enough ami jabs Into the back of one's neck all day; and even more objectionable for a woman can endure a good deal of physical anguish when ii presses against the outside linen of one's hand-embroidered collar and leaves an Indentation that rubs Itself gray against one's coat lining. Just obviate the whole difficulty by sewing to every shirtwaist collar hanil at the center back a small Hat linen covered button that is of Kngllsh man ufacture. It Is the flattest button on the market, and has a metal middle through which to sew Instead of a shank. Time to Get White Goods. Kvery woman has arranged her household duties so that she may seri ously attend the white sales. .Now is the time to restock one's midci linens and also to buy white materials of all kinds for summer dresses. Kmbrold ery lloiincings, Insertions anil band ings are most reasonable In price and Infinite In variety. Deep Swiss floun cing of excellent value, wide enough for the skirt of n young girl's frock, was Men ai only SIS cents a yard. There was nlso narrow flouncing to match. Many bargains In allover em broideries are to Ik found. Now is )h time to buy for blouses or frock AWh'nrforiAVA 3TfirArtdYmf.r If scientists could only sink a test tube down into the center of the earth liny inicbi be able to ascertain more iicuraloly just what is going on wlth- tlie far interior and might more m arly tell what is going to happen on the earth's crust. The appalling (lis- ister in Italy ha;; forced home again the fact that the earth is really a iiigh pressure boiler, witli intermittent nipt ions and ( artliquakcs which carry destruction to man and the works of .an. What with volcanic eruptions, irtiiquakes and tidal waves occurring in some places, what Is to prevent sim ilar unexpected outbreaks In others? Nothing at all, under similar geo graphical conditions. These and many other questions and innwers have probably arisen In (he iml of every speculative man and woman since the dawn of the new year, w lien the lull extent and horror )f the Italian disaster began to be j fullv realized. And it is scarcely to be xpected that very much consolation will be derived therefrom, or even from the statements of some scientists regarding this earth's Internal trou bles, (heir alarming causes and prob- ibln disastrous results. It is not very comfort ing. for in stance, to be solemnly Informed that we are living to-day on the outer shell if a high pressure holler, which leaks badly in certain weak spots and 'blows out" with alarming frequency, .long a certain weak plate which is soogruphleally known as the "earth piako belt." If you take :i map of the world and di aw a broad line straight across the Pacific ocean, from the Philippine islands to Panama, thence across the Atlantic ocean through the Hritish West Indies to Spain and Italy, thence :ontinuing across Kurope and Asia to lapan, and on to the starting point In the Philippines, you will see exactly where the earthquake belt lies. There are other minor belts, one of which passes southward along the :-o:st of California and Mexico and the west coast of South America. There are evidences observable today in practically all parts of the world of other earthquake bells In which tre mendous geological chanr.es and up heavals were wrought In prehistoric times. Kven New York city is in an earth quake belt. At some lime, probably thousands and thousands of years ago, i mighty earthquake split asunder the rock that united what is now the Island of Manhattan to the Palisades of the New Jersey coast. That earth luake formed the Hudson river. Karthqiiake belts are admittedly weak spots in the outer crust of the earth the high pressure boiler on which we livt and there is no evi dence that any of them were ever per manently repaired. Prof. Kdwnrd Suess, the eminent Vienna geologist, predicted a few days ago that eruptions would follow the earthquake and tidal wave in southern Italy. He attributed the earthquake to the sinking of the earth's crust, other wise a buckling of the boiler plaies, in tlw zone of which the l.ipari islands are the (enter, lie declared that as the process of sinking went, on the Calabrian and Sicilian highlands on either side of the Straits of Meslna would be submerged, only the highest peaks remaining above the sea. The strait, he said, would thereby be great ly widened. Prof. Suess is of the i pinion that the earth's crust Is gradually shrink ing everywhere. There Is consolation to be found, however, in bis further remark thai the life of the human species will be too short to make this phenomenon Important to mankind. The average thickness of the earth's i crust, the boiler plates, Is generally as- Burned to be f.0 miles nud Its average density to be about live times that of water. Scientists have estimated that the downward pressure at a depth of 50 miles below the surface of the earth Is somewhat In excess of half a million pounds to the square Inch. It V " A vv;v;X -V l nro ju?7hqmke comnew is a safe conclwio:! tl,:-.t within a largo portion ef Hie (ur'.h's crust there ex't.t pent-up gasi s. ) anicularly steam, under a pressure; equal to that exert ed by the .most po'vrlul high ex plosives. High o:;plo.-;ives probably exi rt pressure!-, raugii!;: from 200,000 to "."O.O'JO to the square inch. When a lil .:h explosive is detonated the amount of pressure depends upon the volume of M'-"- s liberated and the temperature of the gases. Nitro glycerin", exploded in a space where it could not expand, would exert a pres sure of probably from "OO.OOD to 330, C0 loiinds to tl.e square inch. The pressure would certainly be less than half a million pounds to the square inch, although the temperature of the rase.-; would equal the bulling point of sieel. Consequently, with a . 300,000 pound force holding in (heck a 330,000 pound force which is continuously ex erliag it sell in an effort to burst the earth's crust asunder, it Is reasonably safe to assume that the stronger force will continue to prevail, for some time to come at. least, and that there is not the slightest danger of the earth blow, ing to piece. I'nfoitiinately, as the appalling rec ord of earthquakes shows, there are many very weak spots in the earth's crust. Deep down under the crust, where water has entered through faults, to be entrapped and highly healed, with no room for expansion, it dissolves the rock, and as under tho enormous pressures it forces Its way through narrow crevices to new posi tions it cuts new channels in the gran ite floors, just as in glacial time sub glacial streams cut passages through the ice. Consequently, when the eruption of a volcano takes place, relieving the. pressure in the deep passages under It, there is a rush towtud tho outlet of streams of superheated water made syrupy with stone in solution. As these streams of silica-charged water find vent at the volcano the expansion of the pent-up stream takes place with explosive violence, forming volcanic dust and pumice stone, which aro belched forth in stupendous quantities. Then portions of the earth's crust, which have been resting upon a sup port of steam under dynamite pres sures, naturally sag and shift when' these pressures are removed or ma terially lessened. The vast amount of solid malter ejected at times from volcanoes Is dif ficult of comprehension. The great volcano Krakatoa had been extinct for ages when, in 1SS3, its top blew off with a shock felt clear through tho earth, and with a blast that sent a wave of air around I ho earth three times, while the fine volcanic dust did not entirely settle out of the atmos phere for more than two years, as was indicated by the unusually brilliant display of red sunsets. II is estimated that more mud was ejected from tho mountain on that occasion (ban tho Mississippi river discharges in 250 years. This was the greatest volcanic eruption In 'historic times. The dis tance is not too great nor tho time loo remote for the eruption of Mont I lee to have caused the earthquakes of San Francisco, Valparaiso and King ston, while possibly Vesuvius may have played a material part. Europe's War Chests. At the present time, and for tho fu ture as well, (here Is lying at., tho Hank of France, In Paris, a reserve gold store or SI 1150,000.000, which Is In fact, writes one. correspondent, "look ed upon ns a war fund, beside wlihji the c2o,(m)o,oim) of C.erniany looks very small." Hut the Herman "KrlegR chat,," or eme. g 'iicy war chest fund, only amounts to CC.ouO.ono sterling, and is lying not in the Uelchshank at Iterlin, buuin the vaults of the Julius Tower, In the fortrerfs of Spandau, near the capital, against tho coming of Germany's next evil day. It has been lying there as a de.id fund ever i ..,,.,.,.. t .1 1 r Mint- i in. in,, i.-i'i.i-u noiii i ranco her war Indemnity of .i.' 230,000,000, from which it was taken. Like Bringing Like. "How Is it lull Jones seems able to shovel so much motley Into the family exchequer'.'" lie can shovel It because he plays good poker."