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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1892)
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ment. It becomes his ritoi'KKTT witaoct fl'kthek payment. Illus
trated catalogue, with net prices tree.
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Sept. 15, 1893
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How Lost! How Regained!
Or SELF-PRESEKTATTON. A new and only
Gold Medal FB1ZB ESSAY on NKUVOUS and
PHYSICAL DEBILlTTt EKROKS of
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Consultation in neraon or or msiL xrert treat
ment. INVIOLABLE SECRECY and CEB-
TAIN CT7KE. Addnnaa n. w. M, writer, or
The Peabody Uedisal InstituM, Ko. 4 BuUinch St..
The Peabody Medical Institute has many Imi
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The Beiaoos of Life, or Self Preaervation, Is a
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3T. LOUIS. -
r Durham y
TONS OF FISH BAIT.
CATCHING MENHADEN OFF
COAST OF NEW ENGLAND.
How School of KMi Are Turaufil. i'ui--tured
and Slowcil Alxiard An A- ;n
miHiiiliiir Mmlivr of the Ki:mv Tr.l't-
WhUli Can He Used In Many Vuj.
I'itchint? bin voice high the lookout nt '
he m:ulheiul of the menhaden steaim-rj
nhoutM out gleefully: "A school! A
school!" uikI immediately all is bustle
and excitement fm board.
"Ah this is a new experience to you.
hir, you tdiall have a heat with me in my
"Thank ) a, caitain; I am only too
eafier to wee the fun."
The crews now take their places in the
seine boats, while two of the party,
known as drivers, go out in advance in
little thirteen foot boats to learn the
direction in which the school is moving,
and to mark out its size. The jolly cap
taina true tyie of the traditional Caie
Codder, square built, sturdy, genial, his
face bronzed by years of exposure to
sunshine and sea breezes and very intel
ligent withal takes his place at the in
side bow oar in one of the seine boats,
and the mate a corresponding THsition in
the other, and by the time they reiich
the school the drivers describe the move
ments of the fish.
They now begin throwing out the
eeine, each boat going in an opposite di
rection around the school, the drivers in
the meantime splashing the water to
keep the fish from escaping. Soon the
boats meet, and all hands now pull at
the purse line, the net and cork line.
The steamer is brought alongside, and
after the fish are driven well together
the net is fastened to the steamer's side
and they are baled into the hold by'
means of a large dip net run by a don
The next thing on the programme is
to prepare the menhaden for salting, to
be used as bait for which there is great
demand. This is a simple process, but
to me its novelty invests it with partic
ular interest. The head of the fish is
taken in the left hand of the workman,
and with a peculiarly shaped knife held
in the right hand he cuts a slice, longi
tudinally, from each side of the body,
leaving the head and vertebrae- to be
thrown away or occasionally to be
pressed for oil. The slivers are salted
and packed in barrels.
This opening act of the day's drama
ended, Captain Williams invites me tc
accompany him into the cabin, and tht,
jolly skipper there entertains me with
some interesting points about the fishery.
"It's queer how many different names
the menhaden is known by," observe,
the skipper. "Fact is, it has more ali
ases than a veteran criminal more nick
names than there were colors to Joseph's
coat. Besides the more common name
of menhaden it is known as pogy, bony
fish, mosebunker, hardhead, whitefish,
bunker, oldwife, bugfish, cheboy, ell
wife, alewife, fatback, greentail, wife
and yellowtail shad. It's about as long
as the common sea herring, but is deep
er and more robust looking. Its aver
age length is from twelve to fifteen
inches. 1 hardly need tell you that it is
valuable as a bait fish, it excelling all
others as such; that as a food resource
it is thought to have great qualtities;
that its chief value is as a fetilizer and
and that it is also valuable' for the oil
and scrap produced by cooking and
"For illustration, here are some min
utes 1 made in my memorandum book
in regard to what was done in the year
1880. which was a fair representative sea
son. That year the total weight of the
catch was 576,000 pounds equivalent to
about 700,000,000 menhaden in number.
Pretty big army, eh? Quantity of oil pro
duced, 2,066,396 gallons, and of guano
68,904 tons, having a total value of
$2,034,641. Capital invested in steamers,
etc., and their outfit and in factories,
$2,362,841. As compared with previous j
years, however, the yield of oil was
"About how long, captain, does the
catching season last?"
"Well, you see, as soon as the men
haden "make their appearance in the
spring, vessels start in pursuit of 'em,
and continue capturing 'em till they dis
appear in the fall. From the menhaden
oil and guano factories along the south
ern coast of New England, New York
and New Jersey shores, the fleets of
steam and sail vessels begin their cruises
early in May, chasing the fish along the
shores and in the sounds, wherever they
can be found. The vessels seldom cruise
more'n ten or fifteen miles from land.
The total area of the ground is estimated
at 5,350 square geographical miles.
"The average steamer is about the size
of this one. That is to say, some 70 tons
measurement, 90 feet long, 17 feet beam,
7 feet depth of hold and seven feet
draft aft and costs $16,000. It costs not
far from $1,000 a month for wages, fuel
and provisions to run it. Like this boat,
they are screw steamers and are rigged
with one mast f or'ard, which is fitted
with a crane for taking in the catch.
The men's quarters are in the f or'castle.
The fish are stored in bulk in the hold.
The engine house, as you see, is astern
the main hatch, with coal bunkers open
ing on deck each side. All of 'em have
fitted to the bulwarks on either side,
near the stern, cranes for the boats, and
towing chocks are set in the deck on
either quarter aft. The hold or tank for
storing the fish is water tight. There
are some steamers engaged in the fisiiwr
which are more'n 150 feet long, carrying
from twenty-seven to thirty men. and
cost $30,000 and upward. Most of the
steamers carry four seine boats.
"Since steamers have come intovo-.ie
the factories have greatly incrj-.-.l
their facilities for handling large c.tTv-ii-es.
The first factory could wor t:
only a few hundred Iwrrels a day, v. Lilo
now the big factories take from 3.!;-i ;o
5.000 barrels daily." New York Herald.
The paper for Bank of England notes
is made from new cuttings of white
linens, never from linen that has l.i
worn or soiled.
Challeaclna; a Critlesal Joornaltst.
A very slight and polite criticism in
dulged in at the expense of a cavalry of
ficer who was riding about a week ago
nt the home tdiow has ansuined the pr
Iortio!is of a serious event. Tho officer
in question sent a letter to the writer
paying that he could understand the
criticising tho horsemanship of jockeys
and grooms, but that he had no business
to puss any remarks on that of "gentle
men or officers." He forbade the jour
nalist to mention his name, and wound
up by adaing that his sole right was
that of the stronger and that he would
prove it if the offense were repeated.
Tho journalist in a second paragraph re
marked that he did not think he had
acted improperly in criticising the per
formances of horsemen who rode in
public place to which admission was ob
tained by payment, and, referring to the
letter, said he could not believe that it
had been rienned by a French officer,
and was convinced that it was a forgery.
Thereupon the cavalry officer sent two
of his friends to the journalist with a
hostile message, and in the duel that
followed he wounded him in the arm.
He thus proved that he was "Le pins
fort." But the affair is creating a great
sensation, the prevailing opinion being
that the argument employed by the offi
cer was, to say the least, utterly illogi
cal in fact, this unlucky episode has
brought once more on the tapis the
vexed question of the expediency of
military men displaying their prowess
at races and horse shows. Paris Cor.
AVill Live In s Glass House.
At the city of Dinard, in the depart
ment of Ille-et-Vilaine, France, there
lives a man distinguished both for his
originality of ideas and for the fullness
of his money bags. He has been speak
ing and teaching for a long time upon
the necessity of men beginning to lead
lives of greater purity, so that they need
not be afraid of having all their deeds
under the incessant supervision of so
ciety. He is himself willing to submit
to the trial and wants to find others to
do the same. He has determined to
have a three story house built all of
glass. A dwelling of such transparency
would not not only allow its inhabitants
at all times a splendid prospect in every
direction upon the beautiful country
surrounding the place, but also expose
the minutest details of the daily life of
the people in the house to the inspection
of the entire city.
The originator of the idea has found
an architect willing to build the house on
condition that he receives payment in
advance. But there is no renting agent
that will take the agency for it. If it is
to be a lodging house for bachelors, they
6ay, they may be able to do something
with it, but they cannot find a female,
they think, that would consent to live
in a glass house. Nevertheless the old
gentleman is determined to realize his
idea. Chicago Herald.
Tree Trunks Filled with Squirrels.
Woodchoppers on Dr. Price's Lenape
farm report that squirrels are very
numerous among the trees. When the
choppers began last fall there were
several acres of trees standing and the
squirrels were not numerous, but as the
trees were cut, a few at a time, the
little animals were driven from one
place of refuge to another until all were
gathered into a small space, and the few
remaining trees are filled with them. A
man who had been working among
them says some of the hollow trees are
packed so full of squirrels that the tim
bers creak every time the animals draw
a deep breath.
In the morning when the men go out
to work they are met at the railway
tracks by the knowing little animals,
which feel secure because the game
laws protect them at this season. A
gentleman who has 6een them says that
they do not offer to carry the kettles of
the men, although they do not object to
sharing the contents. West Chester
A Sad Story.
A contemporary relates that there was
a tragedy in the composing room of a
Philadelphia paper the other day. The
compositors were busy at their cases
when one of their number, a young
woman, fainted away, and she was con
veyed to her home. Another compositor
finished her "take,' which proved to be
an account of a suicide in another city.
There were forty compositors in the
room, but this particular copy fell to
this particular young woman, and the
suicide was her affianced sweetheart.
Electric Light in the Paris Tunnel.
An installation of electric light is
being laid down in the Batignolles tun
nel, near Paris, in which the incandes
cent lamps are placed at a height of
about fifteen feet above the rails. The
light is received by plates of burnished
tin covered with glass, which reflect a
soft and agreeable light into the car
riages. New York Times.
A Queer Case.
O. E. Cruse, of Kingston, Ont., died
on Good Friday, and when his father,
Thomas Cruse, formerly auditor general
of Canada, learned of it he said: "I am
going to die myself tomorrow. You can
bury us together on Easter Sunday."
The old man died the same night.
A String of Advertising.
If the advertisements in a paper pub
lished in Boston last Sunday had been
pasted together column upon column
they would be 2S3 feet long, or sixty-two
feet higher than the Bunker Hill monu
ment. New York Commercial Adver
tiser. Black snow lately fell in the canton
of Geneva, Switzerland, a phenomenon
which was once thought to presage the
black plague and other calamities, but
is now known to be due to a fungus in
A large contract for steel rails has
been placed in Belgium in connection
with the new Turkish railway to Sa
lonica. This is thought to be an out
come of the recent coal troubles in England.
Goinfr so Afrieav
OrWtt interest is exhibited in the pro
posed Eat African expedition of Mr.
William Astor Chanler. The Tama
river, which he proposes to follow, is in
habited along the lower part principally
by tho Wa-Pukomo, a rat e which sub
sists by cultivation. The ba'iks of tho
river lning low, the country on both
sides is annually inundated, and the
river thus acts as a lilx-ral fertilizer.
Mr. Chanler has no easy task before
him, as some of tho triln-s to be passl
in reaching Mount Kenia have had
their suspicious and hostility aroused
by the harsh and barbarous course of tho
German explorer Dr. Peters.
He will start early in June in company
with Lieutenant Ilohnol.of the Austrian
navy, and Count Tolaki, with the object
of careful scientific research and ob
servation in that region. They will
travel along the Tama river, resting for
some weeks at the snowcapped moun
tain of Kenia, where they will make
astronomical observations. After ex
ploring the mountain to its summit if
possible they will plunge into the almost
unknown regions of East Rudolph lake.
It was there that Baron Vecken was
murdered, and that Reviol, Respoli and
Ferrendi failed in their efforts to accom
plish their aims.
The region abounds in warlike tribes.
Mr. Chanler intends to enter the region
from the west, after leaving Lake Ru
dolph, and proceed along tho Tubba
river to the sea. He expects to bo nl
sent about eighteen months. He will
take with him his young servant, George
Galmin, who accompanied him through
Mashonaland. Mr. Chanler is full of
hope and will go full' equipped for his
perilous enterprise, which is expected to
have most interesting and valuable re
sults. Philadelphia Leader.
A Tame Duckling.
The extraordinary sight of a duckling
that has just 6hed its shell following a
young woman about the house with all
the affection of a pet dog is a domestic
wonder in the family of Mrs. Carr. Ever
since Easter morn the neighbors have
been dropping in to witness the spec
tacle, and the fame of the singular at
tachment has attracted attention among
people who are interested in natural
phenomena of every description.
The little duckling has been in the
family since Easter Sunday, when it
was brought as a gift to Mrs. Carr's
baby daughter, Serena, aged four years,
who was delighted with her new pet.
The duck at once struck up a long
friendship for the domestic, Mary Mc
Cullough, and has been the young wom
an's constant companion ever since.
Whenever Mary speaks the duck re
sponds with the piping salutation and
waddles after the young woman wher
ever she goes. The most astonishing
thing about this freak of nature is that
if any other inmate of the household
attempts to induce it to answer, the
webfooted prodigy maintains a solemn
Bilence, but Mary has only to utter a
word when the quacking begins and is
kept up until she has ceased speaking.
A little girl is reported to have died
near the imaginary line in Oklahoma
which divided the recently opened res
servations from the remainder of the
territory just as the signal was given for
the grand rush for lands. The child and
her father were alone and unknown, but
the beauty of the one and the still, deep
grief of the other moved the strong men
of the frontier to acts of admirable sym
pathy. A runner on a swift horso located a
homestead, and returning placed the
father of the dead girl in possession of
it. The body of the child was trans
ported to the claim and buried upon it.
Afterward it was discovered the re
maining one of the unfortunate couple
was absolutely penniless, and a purse of
money was given him with the hope that
the claim will prove a haven of rest to
him and that the homestead shall al
ways be known as "Mary's claim."
Death from Ingrowing Toe Nail.
Some time ago there was published
the story of the death of a Long Island
physician from blood poisoning result
ing from an ingrowing toe nail. A well
known surgeon chiropodist said the
other day to the reporter: "The death of
that Long Island doctor is not the first I
have heard of from the same cause.
"The cause of the disease is comif on
and painful and usually directly trace
able to narrow toed shoes. It causes
pain as severe as a toothache and not
infrequently, when neglected, results in
blood poisoning. I know of an opera
tion for ingrowing toe nail in an English
hospital where the patient suffered eo
much pain that they gave him a mixture
of ether and chloroform. The operation
was successful, but when it was finished
the physicians found that their patient
had died from the chloroform." New
To Preserve mi Alpine Flower.
The diet of the Tyrol last week passed
a bill imposing heavy fines upon persons
found selling any sample of the beauti
ful but rare Alpine flower called edel
weiss, which has been pulled up by the
roots on the mountains. A similar act
was passed seven years ago by the diet
of Salzburg, with a view to the preserva
tion of the edelweiss plant, which is
threatened with extinction in the Aus
trian Alps. In the Salzburg district the
success of this legislation ia, unfortu
nately, not encouraging.
Great Season for Herrings.
The herring fishing season on the Sus
quehanna river is finished, and the catch
has been unprecedented. The pack will
amount to over 60,000 barrels of salted
fish. The season open April 8 and closed
May 10. One fisherman caught 100 bar
rels of the fish with a dipnet in the out
let lock of the canal. It has been no un
common thing this season to take 200,
000 herring at a haul of one of the large
seines, which, when paid out, encircles
three-quarters of a mile or more of
water area. Cor. Philadelphia Record.
Kscaeslve or I
don't know "
many wonaea suffer from
Scaat Menstruation; thay
who to confide la to get proper advice.
Don't confide In aaybody but try
Female Regulator g
a Specific for PAINfOL, PROFUSE. I
SCANTY. SUPPRESSED and IRREGULAR I
Book to " WOMAN " mailed free. I
BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO.. Atlssls. Cs. I
"Id bjr ail llrui.Ula I
J ,7. K. KKYXOLDS,
Kj;lsl reil I'liynirlan ami I'll i iiinclxt
Special attention ivm to Office
Rock Hi.vfks . Nsn.
STAPLE AND FANCY
Patronage of the Public Solicited.
North Sixth Street, Plattsmouta,
JCR. A. SALISBURY
: D-K-N-T-I-S-T :
GOLD AND POKCaXAIN CROWNS.
Dr. Stslnwaja anaesthetic for the paialsss es
tractloD of teeth.
Fine Gold Work a Specialty.
Rook wood Block I'latlsmoath, Nob.
-- 217, 219, 221, AND 225 JAaW. ST
F. R. GUTHMA1TN. PROP-
Rates $4.50per -week and up
(iOLD AND PORCELAIN CROWNS
Bridge work and fine gold work a
OR. STKINAUS LOCAL a well as othr tu--stbettcsjjiven
for the painless extraction of
& A.-MARSHALL. - Fitzgerald WW.
A. N. SULLIVAN.
ittorney at-Law. Will plve prompt attention
vO nil hufine-s entrusted to htm. Ofticw Id
7t:lon block. East Side. PlattHmouth. Neb.
For Atchinson, St. Joseph, Leaven
worth, Kansas City. St. Louis,
and all points n-th, east
south or wett. Tick
ets sold and bag-g-agre
to a n y
INFORMATION AS TO RATE5
Call at Depot or address
H, C. Town-send,
G. P. A. St. Louie, Mo.
J. C. Phillippi.
A. G. P. A. Omaha.
H. D. APGAR. Agi., Plattemoutb.