Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 22, 1891)
COLLECTIONS THAT MANUFACTUR
ING CONCERNS HOARO.
Why the First Production ml m Machine
or Plectxtf Ornamental Ironwork Coutt
Many Tltnas MoreTban Subsequent In
plicates liovtrnmeut dates.
Fortunes are invested in models and
PAttems nstxl in various branches of
manufactures. The pattern room of any
of the larire iron molders or machine
hops that have been long in operation
presents an array of woodwork that has
cost a good deal of money. Take, for in
stance, the iron front of a building. The
various columns, panels, cornices, sills
and ornaments have all been made in
wood, which is used to mold the sand in
which the iron is cast
Generally the cost of the patterns is
paid for on the first order. Subsequent
orders for castings of the same patterns
are executed more cheaply because the
patterns are ready made. Sometimes the
foundry owns the patterns and supplies
duplicates to all customers, but in many
cases owners of buildings prefer to own
their own patterns, so that no other
boilding may look like theirs.
The preservation and duplication of
patterns is a feature and source of great
profit in many manufacturing opera
tiona It is a characteristic of all kinds
of printing. The typo founder procures
matrices of various fonts of typo at great
aost, but having once secured his mold
ho can go on producing any number of
duplicates at trifling cost. The first cost
of the mold is the main cost, compared
with which the cost of metal and casting
it trifling. The same is true of all pro
cesses of-printing pictures.
The wood engraving, the lithographic
stone, the steel plate, all cost much at
the outset, but, being once produced,
iney may be uufuicateu oy various pro
cesses at comparatively trilling cost
Thus a picture may be sold for a profit
at a penny, although to produce the first
one may have cost thousands of dollars.
The application of duplicating proces
ses to the building trade has worked an
industrial revolution. It is true that one
result is to produce buildings much
alike. The designs for doors, windows,
stairways, stoops, vestibules, towers.
jocks, bolts, mantels, Eiueooarus, pier
glasses, cornices, and, in fact, all parts
of a building are used over and over
again, and the cost of building is there
fore much cheapened. The fact is that
many parts of buildings may be pur
chased ready made and in any desired
quantities, and buildings constructed of
such material are put up very cheaply,
But when new designs are needed, odd
shapes, fancy styles, novel ornamenta
tion, the cost is greatly increased.
Before the war all the paper money in
the United States was printed by private
companies, who owned all the plates and
patterns. Even the United States gov
ernment did not own the plates from
which its notes were printed, and in one
famous case the counterfeiter, by subter
fuge, procured from these private parties,
for a nominally honest purpose, the use
of the devices used in printing a United
States treasury note; and the devices
thus fraudulently obtained were actual-
ly used to produce a spurious treasury
note, which was in many respects an ex
act duplicate of the originaL That risk
led to the adoption of a new plan by
which, when the government got any
notes printed, the contractors were com
pelled to surrender all the designs, pat
terns, dies and plates used to produce
the issue, so that they could not by any
possibility be used for any but legiti
Ultimately that led to the establish
ment of the bureau of engraving and
printing, and the government now con
trols all the patterns of its paper money
in the same way that it controls the dies
of its metal coinage. The expense of
steel engraving is so great that it is only
by duplicating and using the same de
sign again and again that it is made
profitable to use such beautiful designs
as are nsed in commercial work, as notes,
bonds, bills of exchange, etc.
The pattern room of a great machine
shop or locomotive works or engine
builder contains the accumulation of
years of improvement and invention.
As a machine is developed and changed
the patterns are altered and used over
and over again. To produce the patterns
new every time a new machine is wanted
would require great expense. A lire in
a pattern shop is therefore a great calam
ity, for it destroys patterns that can
luardly be replaced.
It often happens that one spoon or a
fork of an old set is lost or stolen. If the
silversmith has preserved the die a new
spoon or fork may be made at trifling
cost. But if a new die has to be cut, the
expense is very great.
There are a thousand and one ways of
using the same pattern for duplication
in various branches of industry. The
most beantifnl products of the sculptor's
art are duplicated in plaster. The mod
ern parlor stove is a marvel of the use of
models in castings.
Lots of things are stamped. All kinds
of brass and tin ware pots, pans, ket
tles, ash cans, waiters, dishes and the
thousand articles of domestic use that
are made from metals go through the
stamping machine. Tiie very best talent
is therefore used to produce the original
patterns. Sometimes artists of very high
repute, who would be very much averse
to have it known that they do purely
commercial work, are tempted to fur
nish designs or pictures for advertising
purport's, and occasionally they are so
good that their excellence betrays the
Stealing patterns is one of the unpun
ished crimes of the age. When a great
firm of American jewelers showed at the
Paris exposition an entirely novel set of
jewelry made to imitate the rarest and
most exquisitely formed and colored or
chids, the Frenchmen stole the idea at
smce and had copies out in a few weeks.
--New York Sun.
The independent conference at
Cincinnati haa cdjourned after bap-
limine- mid christeninc their new
rt - ' '
organization at the "Peoples Party'1
adopting-a platform, passing num
erous resolutions. Iisleninir to a
vast amount of greenback oratory
and appointing: a national commit
tee of three members from each
state and territory. The Nebraska
members are J. II. Kdmieton, Wm.
Dysart, and W. II. West.
Omaha is coming to the front as
the convention city. They will soon
entertain the national convention,
of stationery engineers. The trans
Mississippi commercial congress
meets at Omaha next year; and the
biennial convention of the Women's
Foreign Missionary Society of the
Lutherian churchholds its next
meeting in Omaha, together with
numerous other large.bodies. The
republican national convention
ought to be located there as it would
!e the most accessible city on the
Never mind the dark gloomy
weather, but cheer up by going to
A representative of THE HERALD
had the pleasure of a brief visit
with Kd Oliver athis residence
south of the city a few days ago,
and we must confess our admira
tion for Mr.Olivers evidence of good
taste, which was to'be seen on every
hand. The residence which is a
commodious brick structure with
all the modern conveniences is
located on a sightly knoll which
Mr. Oliver is spending lots of time
and money on to make it the linest
lawn in the city. The view from the
residence is an exceptionally fine
one.coiiiiiianding a nice glimp.se
of the river with the majestic Iowa
bluffs to the east, together with a
view of the citr and beautiful scope
of farming country to the south.
In addition to an infinite variety of
flowering shrubs and plants about
the house, we noticed a fine veget
able garden of 15 or 20acres back
in the timber that was flourishing
as only a Nebraska garden can.
The bar docket prinled by the
Weeping Water Republican is out
for the coming term of district
court and contains izi civil cases
and six criminal cases. As we have
but one judge now, Judge Chapman
will be kept quite busy.
Tbelr Characteristics Compared with
Those of American Trotters.
There are hundreds of horses called
Arab in America which have no right to
the name. Almost every spotted horse
or "calico norse is saia to be more or
less Arab, while it is stated as a positive
fact by no less an authority than John
H. Wallace that an Arab may be of any
color in the world but spotted. No Arab
is a calico in color. It is an exceedingly
difficult thing to get a pure bred Arab.
The Bedouin chief will not sell one at
any price, ana tne only ones procured
are secured by raids on the tribes of the
In the whole United States there are
only three strictly pure bred Arabian
horses. Two of these are the stallions
Leopard and Linden Tree, which were
presented to General Grant by the sul
tan of Turkey, and a mare called Naomi,
which has been imported from England.
Uf tne two Grant stallions Leopard is
not at all a prepotent horse and is a get
ter of few foals, and Linden Tree is the
possessor of one of the ugliest tempers of
any living horse. He is said to be a fiend
incarnate, though his colts are gentle
and kind enough when properly treated.
It is a peculiarity of the Arabs that if
used kindly and treated with considera
tion they are gentle and lovable.
"To one that has gained the confidence
of an Arab horse there is the pleasure of
knowing that he associates with a brute
endowed with a soul." Abuse one of
them, and you have aroused a devil that
can never be subdued, for of their cour
age there i9 no limit, and they will re
sist abuse while they have life. General
Grant s stallion Linden Tree is said to
have been made vicious because the man
in charge of him did not gain his confi
dence and abused him.
There is a great deal of foolish senti
ment existing about the Arab horse,
however. He has many good qualities,
is highly intelligent, quick to learn, ha3
rare beauty of form and rich quality, is
for saddle purposes beautifully gaited.
quick and active in his movements, and
of much endurance; but when compared
with the thoroughbred race horse or the
American trotter he suffers much by the
He lacks the size and speed of the
thoroughbred, and what a spectacle a
Maud S. a Jay-Eye-See, a Stamboul, a
Nelson would make of the greatest trot
ting Arab that ever lived could they meet
on a trotting track!
As a race they are handsomer than the
American trotters, many of which have
inherited Roman heads and cat hams
from the great progenitor, Rysdyk's
Hambletonian. If it could be done with
out a loss of size and speed, for the pur
pose of giving beauty and finish to the
American trotter, it might be well to
add more of the Arab blood to the com
posite article which goes to make up the
American trotter, but the experiment
has been tried and not found snccessf uL
No Arab known to civilized man is so
handsome as Mainbrino King. Boston
An Obftenrlng Ctlll-i-
Little Boy Mamma says you were
born with a silver Epoon in your mouth.
Homely Heiress That means I was
Little Boy (after closer inspection
Was it a tablespoon. Good News.
Only 25 cents to see the Business
Men's carnival at the opera house
For lame back, side or chest, use
Shiloh's Porous Plaster. Price 25
cents. For sale by F. G. Fricke &
Co. and O. II. Snyder. 3
Try Brown & Barrett's cream soda
milk shakes and mineral water. tf
tage with all
-A nice five-room cntfi
at The IIekald office.
Take your prescriptions to Brown
& Barrett's.they dispense pure med
Brown & Barret carry the largest
line of druggists sundries in the
Dr. K. I,. Siggenshas returned and
may be found hereafter at his office
over Gering's drugstore. tf
I am now prepared to deliver ice
to any part of the city. Telephone72.
tf II. C MCP1AKEN.
ruunun oi gramuaieu 4p
Sugar for $ 1 .OO at Weck-Vfi
back & Go's., for spot CASH.
The largest line of patent medi
cines will be found at Brown & liar
Hair chains, rings, crosses
hair work of all kinds to order.
Mks. A. Knee.
tf 172G Locust St
Needles, oils and parts for all
kinds of machines can be found at
the Singer office, corner of Main
and Sixth streets, with II. Beck. tf.
Hew Barber Shop and Bath Rooms,
liillT liarroia runs two cnairs in
the Carruth block and on Saturday
next he will have his bath tubs all
arranged for the accommodation of
the public, try him and you will
be well cared for. d3t
Bucklen's Arnica Salve.
Tuk Bkst Salvk in the world for Cuts
Bruisi-8, Sores, Ulcers, Halt Rheum. Fever
Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hunds, Chilblains,
Cornp, and all bkin Eruptions, and posi
tively cures Piles, or bo pay required.
It is guaranteed to Give satisfaction, or
money refunded. Price 25 cents per box.
For sale by F. G. Fricke & Co.
Will be Clven Away.
Our enterprising druggists, F. G.
Fricke & Co, who carry the finest
stock of drugs, perfumeries, toilet
articles, brushes, sponges, etc., are i
giving away a large number ot trial
bottles ot Dr. Wiles celebrated Kes-
torative Nervine. They guarantee I
it to cure headache, dizziness, ner
vous prostration, sleeplessness, the
ill effects of spirits, tobacco, coffee,
etc. Druggists say it is the greatest J
seller they ever knew, and is univer
sally satisfactory. They also guar
antee Dr. Miles New Heart Cure in
all cases of nervous or organic heart
disease, palpitation, pain in side,
smothering, etc. Fine book on
"Nervous and Heart Diseases,"
BabyisSick. The woefull expres-
sion ol a Des Glomes teamster s
i .: j
tuuuirumitc suuwcu uis uctrjj aiii-
iety was not entirety wimout cause, i
when he inquired of a druggist of
the same citv what was the best
to cive to a baby for a cold? It
was not necessary for him to say I
inr Ilia rAiininfitipp cVlwrl 41la4
the pet of the family, if not the idol
our babv Chaniberlains's Coucrh
Remedy," was the druggists answer.
ri.vin" Ea;i iiPp-1mCtar
W ft. A. ft M -A A V- V1V1 N V V- VV A.Ah!l.-ft.
Watters-Talbot Prititino- Co.. don't
A V It miV. W I Ullll V C-J lit W A. iiiv,
you? Inquired the druggist. His
oaoy, wnen eignieen monins oiu,
got hold ot a bottle ot Chamberlain I
Cough Kemeay ana arankthe whole
of it. Of course it the baby vomit
vprvfrwlvhiitilirl not hurt it th
lV.dOk(UllU W11UI A o M.i.KJl V. XL lUlU 1110 I
oaoy s com. liie teamster already
knew the value of the Remedy, hav-
i ti (v iicnrl it hnncnlf n ti rl wri cs tinw c?it
''r '"T. wf. " ?er, 'n
by F. G. Fricke & Co Druggists
This remedy is becoming so well
mention. All who have used Elec-1
praise. purer meuicine uoes not
that is claimed. Electric Bitters
i A A X. VI I V. A A A LIVUUV kj A. ft,XIV X X V X
and kidneys, will remove pimples,
boils, salt rheum and other afifec-1
tions caused by impure blood.
ill drive malaria trom the system
and prevent as well as cure all ma-
constipation ana indigestion try
Klectric Hitters. Kntire satisfaction
guaranteed, or money refunded.
? - j. l-7...
x-ricne cx vJ a urugsiore. o
Uni you suuer wnn uyspepsia
ti ' " 1 1 rr i . -r-v I
anu Liver tompiaintr sniloii s V it- I
alizer is guaranteed to cure you. i
... . rr.
uur wuDoing lisi.
fJlnlr)pmrfrftf. un1 TTmii n on I
Harper's Magazine " " 4.60
Harper's Bazar " " 4.80
DemorPBt's Maiwzine " 3 1ft I
Omaha Bee " " 2.40
r.inrnln Call IS
The Forum ' 5.55
toterOce ' 2.23
Lincoln Journal " 2 30
The Home Magazine " " 185
Notice of Probate of Wi!l. I
In the mutt.-i of thelat will and testament I
of Klisha Stiad'ey, (iecta.sel. in coHiity court
Notice i hereby given that on the Mh dny of
June A. 1),, 18J'l, at the countj judue office in
Platt-moutli, Vusf county. Nebraska, at 10
o'clock in the forenoon, the following matter
will be hear and considered :d The up? lication
of Samuel Stradlev t admit to probate the
last will aiid teMarrentol Elisha Stradlev late
of Greenwood precinct, in -ai4 county, de
ceased, and for lefeis of administration with
the will t riexed to Aiiron t', Loder.
uaienjjaj i8tb, 1891. uy order or tre court.
U. . KAMSK X ,
THE IxEiiDIFQ ONE-fHICFc
Opera House Corner PL
- rjee "KfOOTiIf
I Wl i 7
i HAVING ADDED
A DRESSMAKING DEPARTM'NT
I To her Millenery would say
I tO LLie
LADIES OF PLATTSMOUTII
That she will be prepared to tane
i . 4 - ' .
I best system ol cutting in tne city
rTT 4 TAXTFF. SATISFACTION
A nd would be pleaeed to have
, , .
share of your patronage.
t CTTT MOORE
I r r 7
PkttaontL - - - Nebraska-
I First National
op PLATX8MOnTH. NEBRASKA
fald"P Pltal loSS'S
offers tb very beet tacilities for the proinp
j transaction ot ligitlmato
ih p,t,mpnt and local Be
"JiV" v,Xi,t'Ifnd sold. Ueoosits received
I ti mrprt-st allowed on tne ceruncaTes
Drafts drawn, available iu any P.'of th
I tTnirod States and all the principal tewns ol
noT.,.R(rriOJfB made AND PKOMPTL? KKMIT-
mhM,.t., for HountT War-
rants, State anm County bonds.
John Fitzerald D. Hawksworth
Sam Wauch. F.E.White
Oeoree E. Dovey
" U UIo.ih
II - - 1 rm Hul
i iinuiKr vhii
W m m w
If 1 W A TL'Dlf A rJ l UflN
U.il. IF XI lJjilJiiilll U DUll
. . . .
i i n ill u I
U I 111 ! I
I I II I I I I llll I II I I I
II I I i I LU III U Lb I I I
Shingles, Lath, Sash,
Can supply everw demand of the city.
Call and get terms. Fourth street
in rear of opera house.
GOING WRST GOING EAST
So 1 3 :30 a. ia No 2 5 :05 p. m.
3 5:45 p. to " 4 10 :30 a. m
' 5, 9 :25 a. m. "8 7 ;44 p, m.
7 7 a. in. " 10 f :45 a. ra.
"9 6:25p,m. "12 T?-i4 a.m.
"11 5:25 p.m. "20 o -.rO-A. m.
"19 11 :05 a. m.
EDMUNDS & ROOT
Tne pioneer meichanta f
Carry a full stock of general
merchondise which theyscll very
close. Highest price paid for
all kinds of farm produce. Gen
erous treatmentand fair dealing
ia'the secret of our success.
CHAS L HOOT,
PLATTSMOTJTH - NEBRASKA
Jayltal stock paid in $5" n i
Authorized Capital, SIOO.OOO.
RANK CARRUTH, JOS. A. CONNOK,
President. Vice-FresHf ut
W. H. CUHHINO. Cashier.
ifrank C&rruth J. A. Connor, F. R. Guthir.ani
J. W. Johnson, Henry Boeck, John O'Keefe
W. D. Merriam, Wra. Wetencamp, W.
TRANSACTS GENERAL BANKING BDSiNES
ssues ceatiflcates of depoeits bearing intereit
Buys and sella exchange, county and
MANUFACTURE!! OF AKB
WHOLESALE & RETAIL
DEAXEB IN THE
Thoicest Brands of Cigars,
Flor da i ioasrasrzy' anJ '8jJ
FULL LINK OF
rOBACCO AND SMOKERS' ARTICLE
always in stock.
Nov. 26, 1885.
HAVE THE MOST
STOCK IN THE CITY,
EVERYTHING - FEISH - AND - IN - SEASON
We want your Poultry, Kft-s, Uut
ter and your farm produce of all
kinds, we will pay you the hierhest
cash price aa we are buying for a
firn in Lincoln.
TlfK LEADING GROCKRS
The WaBhingtton Arenue
FLOUR AN FEED,
We pay no rent and sell for CASH.
You don'tjpay any bills for dead beats
when you buy of tins firm.
best SOFT COAL always ob
Powered by Open ONI