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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 21, 1891)
COLLECTIONS THAT MANUFACTUR
ING CONCERNS HOARD.
XVy tlio First I'raxliK t Ion of Mitrliine
or a I'lrroof Oruauirutal Ironwork Contn
Man; T I MiirnTlmii Subwqueut Ou-
Iloitf t ; vtii tiifii t IMatm.
Fortunes are invested in models and
jiatterna u&ed in various branches of
lu.-inufuctiircH. Tlie pattern room of any
of the larye iron inolders or machine
tthopa that have been long in iteration
presents an array of woodwork that has
coat a good deal of money. Take, for in
stance, the iron front of a building. The
various columns, panels, cornices, tsills
and ornaments have all been made in
wood, which is used to mold the 6and in
which tho iron is cast.
Generally the cost of the patterns is
paid for on the lirst order. Subsequent
orders for castings of the same patterns
are executed more cheaply because the
patterns are ready made. Sometimes the
foundry owns the patterns and supplies
duplicates to all customers, but in many
cases owners of buildings prefer to own
their own patterns, so that no other
building may look like theirs.
The preservation and duplication of
patterns is a feature and source of great
profit in mauy manufacturing opera
tions. It is a characteristic of all kinds
of printing. The tyie founder procures
matrices of various fonts of tyx) at great
cost, but having once secured his mold
ho can go on producing any number of
duplicates at trifling cost. The first cost
of the mold is the main cost, compared
with which the cost of metal and casting
Ls trifling. Tho same is true of all pro
cesses of printing pictures.
Thd wood engraving, tho lithographic
atone, the steel plate, all cost much at
the outset, but, being once produced,
they may be duplicated by various pro
cesses at comparatively trifling cost.
Thus a picture may be sold for a profit
at a penny, although to produce the first
one may have cost thousands of dollars.
The application of duplicating proees
ws to the building trade has worked an
industrial revolution. It is true that one
result is to produco buildings much
alike. The designs for doors, windows,
stairways, stoops, vestibules, towers,
locks, bolts, mantels, sideboards, pier
glasses, cornices, and, in fact, all parts
of a building are used over and over
again, and the cost of building is there
fore much cheapened. The fact is that
many parts of buildings may bo pur
chased ready made and in any desired
quantities, and buildings constructed of
such material are put up very cheaply.
But when new designs are needed, odd
shapes, fancy styles, novel ornamenta
tion, the cost is greatly increased.
Before the war all the paper money in
the United States was printed by private
companie i, who owned all the plates and
patterns. E'en the United States gov
ernment did not own the plates from
which its notes wero printed, and in one
famous case the counterfeiter, by subter
fuge, procured from these private parties,
for a nominally honest purpose, the use
of tho devices used in printing a United
States treasury note; and tho devices
thus fraudulently obtained were actual
ly used to produce a tpurious treasury
note, which was in many respects au ex
act duplicate of tho original. That risk
led to the adoption of a new plan by
which, when the government got any
notes printed, the contractors were com
piled to surrender all the designs, pat
terns, dies and plates nsed to produce
the issue. o that they could not by any
possibility be used for any but legiti
Ultimately that led to the establish--ment
of the bureau of engraving and
printing, and the government now con
trols all the patterns of its paper money
in the same way that it controls the dies
of its metal coinage. The expense of
steel engraving is so great that it is cidy
by duplicating and using the same de
sign again and again that it is made
profitable to use sxich beautiful designs
as are used in commercial work, as notes,
bonds, bills of exchange, etc.
The pattern room of a great machine
shop or locomotive works or engine
builder contains the accumulation of
years of improvement and invention.
As a machine is developed and changed
the patterns are altered and used over
and over again. To produce the patterns
new every time a new machine is wanted
would require great exjiense. A fire in
a pattern shop is therefore a great calam
ity, for it destroys patterns that can
hardly be replaced.
It often happens that one spoon or a
fork of an old set is lost or stolen. If the
silversmith has preserved the die a new
spoon or fork may be made at trifling
cost. But if a new die has to be cut, the
expense is very great.
There are a thousand and one ways of
using the same pattern for duplication
in various branches of industry. The
most beautiful products of the sculptor's
art are duplicated in plaster. The mod
ern parlor stove is a marvel of the use of
rnodels in castings.
Lots of things are stamped. All kinds
f brass and tin ware jiots, pans, ket
tles, ash cans, waiters, dishes and the
thousand articles of domestic use that
are made from metals go through the
.stamping machine. The very best talent
is therefore nsed to produce the original
patterns. Sometimes artists of very higli
repute, who would be very much averse,
to have it known that they do purely
commercial work, are tempted to fur
nish designs or pictures for advertising
purposes, and occasionally they are so
g.xxl that their excellence betrays the
Stealing patterns is one of the nupun
ished crimes of the age. When a great
firm of American jewelers showed at the
Paris exposition au entirely novel set of
jewelry made to imitate the rarest and
most exquisitely farmed and colored or
chids, the Frenchmen stole the idea at
once and had copies out in a few weeks.
New York Sun.
A COMPANION FOR JUNEOUTING.
With 'over 120 illustration, the
Cosmopolitan for June nets a Lnt
pace in the handicap for magazine
honorH. The personal clement cn
tcrn largely into its composition,
and an impression of beautiful wo
men i the lirHt received by the
reader who turns its pages. The
frontispiece in a portrait of Madame
de Pompadour, and pertaiiu to a
bright sketch of a summer spent in
the home ofjliat famous woman by
Amelie Kives and her guests. Miss
Julia Magruder, the writer, was one
of those guests, and instantaneous
photographs are used to illustrate
the scenes of a delightful holiday
amidst unusual surroundings. A
plcasantfinsight into the attractive
ness of Japanese women is given in
a paper by Henry T. Finck, illus
trated by a'large number of photo
graphs ofjpretty faces. The art ar
ticle of the month describes the
work of Gustave Dore, with elabo
rate engravings which illustrate
very well the masterpieces of that
wonderfuljartist. Thomas li. Con
nery, formerly managing editor of
the New York Herald, gives inte
resting reminiscences of the lirst
work of Stanley for that journal, and
of his neighbor, Thomas A. Kdison.
S. G. W. Uenjamin, ex-Minister to
Persia, tells the true story of Xoor
Mahal, the Light of the Harem, cel
ebrated by Thomas Moore in I.allah
Kookli. This bit of eastern biogra
phy is illustrated from Oriental notir
ces. Three continents furnish ma
terial for the June number. The Ku
ropean contributions consist of a
description of a Model Munici
pality, an article well worth the at
tention of Americans interested in
municipal government; the Wool
wich Arsenal; which Mr. Pelliam
Clinton, though influential re
relatives, was permitted to have
photographed expressly for the
Cosmopolitan; and charming
sketch of Iteau Hrummell and his
times, of the number is that con
tributed by Mr. Abner L. Frazer to
the literature of the farmer's inov
ment. The Cosmopolitan prize of
ifj()t) for the best article on "the need
of the farmer, his hours of labor,
and the national leisglation neces
sary to his prosperity," was awarded
by the judges to this gentleman.
The article itself is brightened by a
series of cartoons by the famous
artists, Attwood of Hoston and Dan
Heard of New York.
Cosmopolitan Publishing Co.,
Madison Square, New York, price.
Proof of the Earth's Motion.
Take a good sized bowl, Gil it nearly
full of water and place it upon the floor
of the room which is not exposed to
shaking or jarring from the street.
Sprinkle over the surface of the water a
coating of lycopodium powder a white
substance which is sometimes used by
ladies in making their toilet, and which
can be purchased of any druggist. Next
upon the surface of this coating of white
powder make with powdered charcoal a
straight black line, say an inch or two in
length. Having made this little black
mark on the surface of the contents of
the bowl, lay down upon the floor close
to the bowl a stick or some other straight
object, so that it will lie exactly parallel
with the charcoal mark. If the line
happens to be parallel with a crack in
the floor or with any stationary object in
the room this will serve as welL
Leave the bowl undisturbed for a few
hours, and then observe the position of
the black mark with reference to the ob
ject it was parallel with. It will be
found to have moved about, and to have
shifted its position from east to west
that is to say, in that direction opposite
to tliat of the movement of the earth
upon its axis. The earth in simply re
volving has carried the water and every
thing else in the bowl around with it,
but the powder upon the surface has been
left behind a little. The line will always
be found to have moved from east to
west, which is perfectly good proof that
everything else contained in the bowl
has moved the other way. St. Louin
A Survival of the Fittest.
While hunting antelope on the prairies
of Colorado I was the witness of a very
interesting chase between an eagle and a
jack rabbit. The various circle and
downward sweeps of the eagle attracted
my attention, and 1 resolved to ascertain
the reason. I put 6pur to my horse and
succeeded in gaining an elevation from
which a good view of the chase could be
had. The rabbit, to all appearances, was
very much bewildered, and would run
first in one direction and then another,
and sometimes in circles, its pursuer,
the eagle, following its every turn.
Finally the eagle, .'is if tired of this
sport, with a vicious downward swoop
and a stroke of the wing laid the rabbit
out lifeless on the prairie. At this mo
ment 1 gave a tremendous yell, and at
the same time rode rapidly toward
them, which had the desired effect of
frightening the eagle away, leaving its
victim in iny jossesiou. which turned
out to be the only game I bagged that
day. Forest and Stream.
Cuiitioiis. but Kt-aftouuble.
ilrs. Primus 1 saw you riding in the
park with Willie Ross and Jack Bolton.
1 didn't know your papa would let you
ride alouu with gentlemen.
Miss Secunda He doesn't object if
the gentlemen are rival lovers. Mun
The cost of war ships is as follows per
ton: England, f 150; France, $230; Rus
sia. $4Xi. The price per indicated horse
power is: England, f 150; France, $380, j
and the United States, $335.
For lame back, side or chest, use
Shiloh's Porous Plaster. Price 2T
cents. For sale by I. G. Fricke &
Co. and (). II. Snyder. 3
Try Hrown fc Hnrrctt's cream soda
milk shaken and mineral water. tf
Fok Kent A nice live-room cot
tage with all conveniences. Apply
at The IIekali ffice. dtf
Fok KENT A good liou.-e in
Fourth ward. For particulars en
quire of Jim Sage. tf
WANTED A bright, smart girl of
10 years or over to learn the milli
nery trade. d3t WISE Sc Koot.
The regular monthly meeting oT
the Livingston, Loan & Huilding
association will be held at the
council chamber Thursday, the
21st, at 8 o'clock. Money to loan. 3
Take your prescriptions to Hrown
&. Harrett's,they dispense pure med
Hrown A Harret carry the largest
line of druggist sundries in the
Dr. K. L. Siggena has returned and
may be found hereafter at his office
over Gering's drugstore. tf
I am now prepared to deliver ice
to any part of the city. Telephone 72.
tf II. C. McMakkn.
The largest line of patent medi
cines will be found at Hrown A Bar
Hair chains, rings, crosses and
hair work of all kinds to order.
Mrs. A. Knee.
tf 172G Locust St.
Needles, oils and parts for all
kinds of machines can he found sit
the Singer office, corner of Main
and Sixth streets, with II. Heck. tt.
Bucklen's Arnica Salve.
Tun IJkst Sai.vk in the world for Cutb
Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Suit Rheum. Fever
Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands. Chilblains,
Corns, and all Skin Eruptions, and posi
tively cures Piles, or no pay required.
It i guaranteed to give satisfuciion, oi
money refunded. Price 25 cents per box.
For sale by F. O. Fricke A Co.
Will be Given Away.
Our enterprising druggists, F. G.
Fricke A Co, who carry the finest
stock of drugs, perfumeries, toilet
articles, brushes, sponges, etc., are
trivinir away a large number ot trial
bottles of Dr. Miles' celebrated Res
torative Nervine. They guarantee
it to cure headache, dizziness, ner
vous prostration, sleeplessness, the
ill effects of spirits, tobacco, coffee,
etc. Druggists say it is the greatest
seller they ever knew, and is univer
sally satisfactory. 1 hey also guar
antee Dr. Miles' New Heart Cure in
all cases of nervous or organic heart
disease, palpitation, pain in side,
smothering, etc. Fine book on
"Nervous and Heart Diseases,"
Baby is Sick. The woef ull expres
sion of a Des Moines teamster's
countenance showed his deep anx
iety was not entirely without cause,
when he inquired of a druggist of
the same city what was the best
to give to a baby for a cold? It
was not necessary for him to say
more, his countenance showed that
the pet of the family, if not the idol
of his life was in distress. "We give
our baby Chamberlains's Cough
Remedy," was the druggists answer.
"I don't like to give the baby such
strong medicine," said the teamster.
"You know John Oleson, of the
Watters-Talbot Printing Co., don't
you? Inquired the druggist. His
baby, when eighteen months old,
got hold of n bottle of Chamberlain
Cough Remedy and drankthe whole
of it. Of course it the baby vomit
very freely but did not hurt it the
least.and what is more it cured tha
baby's cold. The teamster already
knew the value of the Remedy, hav
ing used it himself, and was now sat
isfied that there was no danger in
giving it even to a baby. For Sale
by F. G. Fricke A Co Druggists.
This remedy is becoming so well
and so popular as to need no special
mention. All who have used Elec
tric Hitters sing the same song of
praise. A purer medicine does not
exist and it is guaranteed to do all
that is claimed. Electric Hitters
will cure all diseases of the liver
and kidneys, will remove pimples,
boils, salt rheum and other affec
tions caused by impure blood.
Will drive malaria from the system
and prevent as well as cure all ma
larial fevers. For cure of headache,
constipation and indigestion try
Electric Hitters. Entire satisfaction
guaranteed, or money' refunded.
Price aOc and $1 per bottle at F. G.
Fricke A Co's drugstore. 5
Will you suffer with Dysp
and Liver Complaint.' Shiloh
alizer is guaranteed to cure yo
Our Clubbing List.
Globe-Democrat and Herald . .
Harper's Magazine "
Harper's Bazar "
Demorest's Magazine "
National Tribune "
The Forum '
Inter Ocean ' '
Lincoln Journal " "
The Home Magazine " '
J. 4 5
Notice of Probate of Will.
In the mattei of the laM will and testament
of Elislia Strad'ey, deceased, iu county court
t'a c untv, Nelira-Ka.
Notice ie'hereby niveu that on the fth day of
June A. I,. I3sl. at the countj judge's ottiee in
PiattMiiouth, t'asa county. ebraka. at 10
o'clock in the forenoon, the following matter
will be hear and considered :d Tl:e api lication
of Samuel Stradley t admit to probate the
l;'St will and testament of Elilia Stradley late
of Greenwood precinct, iu aH county, de
ceased, and for let'ers of administration with
the will annexed to Aaron t'. Lder.
Dated May lsth, Bv order of tie court,
B. ST RAMSEY.
ilJO) BUY OF
J 0 E ,
TtJE IEftBIJq ONE-PflTG'K CIcOTllIEI
Opera House Corner PLATTSMOUTH
A DRESSMAKING DEPARTMENT
To her Millenery would say
LADIFIS OF PLATTSMOUTH
That she will be prepared to take
orders from now on. Having the
best system of cutting in the city
And would be pleaeed to have a
share of your patronage.
Plattsmouth. - - - Nebraska-
OK PLATTSMOUTH. NKBKASKA
Paid np capital ...
'JtTers the Tery bed facilities for the promp
trane action of Iigitimate
sunties bought and sold. Deposits received
and interest allowed on the certificatee
-ivjilhlp in siiiv nart of the
Ontted States and ail tbe principal towns of
0OI.l.KCTIO-8 MADK AND PROMPTLY KKM1T
TKD. Highest market price paid for County War
rants, State anm County bonds.
John Fitzgerald D. Hawkswortn
Sam Waugh. F. E. White
George E. povey
John Fitzgerald. S. Waugh.
THE OLD RELIABLE.
a. a. t? in milium a our
Shingles, Lath, Saeh,
Can supply eyerw demand of the city.
Call and get terms. Fourth ttreet
in rear of opera house.
GOING WEST GOING EAT
Mo 1 3 :"M a. m No 2,. 5 :05 p. n.
"3 5:45 p. m " 4,. 10:10 a: m
" 5 9 :25 a. m. " 8,.... 7 ;4 p, m.
7. '.-ISa. m. " 10. 9: '5 a.m.
9 6:25 p.m. " 12 10 :1 a.m.
11... 5 :25 p. m. " 20 t :35 a. m.
19 11 :05 a. rn.
EDMUNDS & ROOT
- Tne pioneer meichaiits of
Carry a full stock of Kf'neri1'
mcrchondise which theyscll very
close. Highest price paid for
all kinds of farm produce. Gen
erous treatmentand fair dealing
is the snrrct of our success.
C1IAS J, K00T,
PLATTSMOUTH - NKBKASKA
Jayltal stock paid in $y d t
Authorized Capital, SIOO.OOO.
'RANK OAKKUTJI. JOS. A. CONNOK,
W. II. CUSHINf. Cafbier.
rfrauk Carrutti J. A. Connor, F. K. iutb'.m
J. W. Joh&con, Henry Boeck, Jobn O'Keefe
W. D. Merriam, Wm. Weteccainp, W.
TRANSACTS!! GENERAL BAMINS Bl'SiNES
ssues ceatiflcates of deposits bearing interest
Buys and 6ella exchange, county and
MANUFACTURER OK ANb
WHOLESALE & RETAIL
DEALKJC IN TDK
Thoicest Brands of Cigars,
Flor da ?j? j3r3Jfi' anJ
FUL.L LIITE OF
TOBACCO AND SMOKERS' ARTICLE
aiwaya in stock. Nov. 26,
HAVE THE MOST
STOCK IN THE CITY.
EVERYTHING - FRIuii - AND - IN - SEASON
We want your Poultry, KjrtfH, flut
ter and your farm produce of all
kind, we will pay you the InVlicHt
ca.h price u we are buying for a
(irn iu Lincoln. '
TIIK I.KADIXG GftOCKKS
PlattHinouth - - Xebrafcki
The Warn ingt ton ATenue
Head j Barters lor
FLOUR A j FEED,
We pay no rent and sell for CASH.
You don't 'pay any bills for dead I eats
when you buy of this firm.
The htt SOFT COAL always "on
5 OOZRZsTKilRS 5
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