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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (Oct. 23, 1888)
Tit 12 DA1l(
D i TLiiTlSfllOUTxi, H gmtASK A. TUESDAY, OCTOPER 23 1SS8.
AMID SKAS OF ICK.
GCENE3 AMONG THE GLACIERS
THE UPPER ENGADINE.
Climbing Snow Clad Alpine Ileltit Iut
A riliihe formation of a 'Glatirr A
Moraine How "CJlatler Corn" I f'oriuctl.
"tiliMler Tablua" Moulin.
As far ai my vision extended there was
nothing In bight but Ico and enow, and
tho snow was exceedingly white. I assuro
you. The driven snow you have in towns
und plains is a decided brown compared
with tho dazzling imow wo saw up thero
at tho tops of Swi.s.4 mountains. Forever
and forever this virgin gown lies on all
tho peak, as it also rovers tho lower val
leys in winter. It has tho noft look of a
dove's breast, it rests on rocks n thing of
IxMiity, and often it Is very dangerous.
It falfs in soft, puro flakes, clings to all
tho projections, covers rocks with charm
ing traceries, und spreads itself liko u
sheet of whito satin over tho upper vales.
But tho touch of a passing eagle's wing,
tho li;!it weight of a chamois, or tho
-:ir--f ill step f un expert cliniler will do
t, n il it from its crest und send it down.
Then it goes sliJiiig, rumbling along,
breaking and reforming as it falls, ever
increasing in volinno ami velocity, mid
pursuing its way, Incomes a devastatin
terrible avalancuo that bonds and breaks
troes, gathers up earth and stones, nnd
rolls into tho iJngadine with ku awful
hound, spreading destruction and dismay
in its path. They call tli-so sort of things
staubhiwineu, or dust avalanches, bocauso
they cotibist ut the start of cold, dry,
powuery snow only, ana Uiev are olteu
far iiioro jiowerful than a raging btirri
cane. Jjiit tlio avaJa?ieies usually seen
lying in higli Alpino ylieys, covered with
dust, farlh and stolid and great trunks
of trees, aro known as gruudlawineu or
It was a grand sight on which we gazed.
lilacicrs nuea every valley ana ruvuie.
and tho ico stood up in tall ramparts
wherever the space was too narrow to
hold its rigid waves. Glacier ico is snow
that has for a considerable time been sub
Jectcu to enormous pressure. ir you
Mjufeze a snowball in your hand until it
is very hard it becomes icy. So in tho
Alps, the continual fall of snow is the
pre.-snro aud tho sun's heat tho warmth
which produces those seas of ico that are
called glaciers. There aro over (iOO of
them in .Switzerland, and some aro coeval
with tli glncia! ieriod of this continent,
while others aro now in process of forma
tion. Winter is their season of rest, but
with the spring they resume their onward
motion, duo to tho combined action of
Jn-at and gravitation. 1'or in spito of their
apparent immobility all Aipiuo glaciers uo
move cuutuutlv, although with different
degrees of t peed, and, like liquid streams,
they carry with them debris of ell sorts,
but priucinallv tuo etones that tall on
their surface from tho mountains sides.
Tho glacier starting in its purity from
foniti whito unsullied peak, loses before
iiriny years it.i sjct'.ess character. Tho
viiiirv l.osts gathering into iron bonds
tho streams that trickle down tha moun
tain sides expand the water in freezing
nnd shatter rocks with a force that the
most solid cliffs caiuiot possibly resist
Thus broken fragments drop on to the
once unspotted bosom of tho ice sea and
swell its burden with advancing years,
Tho debris thus brought down form what
are called moraines, iacu glacier lias a
moraine on either side of it; its end is a
termiu.'.l moraine, and when two glaciers
unito their lateral moraines join aud form
a medial moraine. One of the largest
ine.li.ii moraines iiereaoout 1 saw as we
-a::ie '.uwn from this excursion. It i3 in
the center of the Morteratsch Glacier and
is about lifty feet or more broad and per-
ii.ip.i twenty leet iugu in its center.
V.'o were struck by tho infinite white
r. of everything, and i uavo since
learned that it is owing to tho presence of
glacier corn. There is on glacier clad
mountains a neve, or finely crystallized
fc:i-w, which is never fullv melted, and
this is tho pressure that forms tho glacier
ico. Now, glacier ico is quite different
to that widen, results lrom freezing
water, and is found to consist of crystals
varying i:i si-o from that of a hen's egg
to u pin's Lead; these particles are knowu
as granules or glacier com, and lu minute
holes air is imprisoned. Where tho air
bubbles aro absent the glacier has a bluo-
i-b tit, and is no longer that pure whito
w;:ch pui..ks so many persons. V it Ji
tl'o oldest guide carefully leading the
y.'i'v wo walked over tho ico sea of Dij
voWza, in? fore we had gone far on its
level surface I saw bowlders supported at
tciie height on ice pedestals and I stopped
to examine t.ioni. Olacicr tables, saicl
tho guide r.t tho tail end of our proces
sion, but, I.is remark conveyed no useful
j.'itoriiiauou. 1 soon saw that tuey re
sulted fii.ra the presence of a Mock of
fcior.e. It i ad fallen on the sea, and had,
so t protected the ico directly be
neath ii from tho heat of tho sua- la
couseriueuce, while the giaeier all round
has bCcn dissolving aud sinking, the ico
under these bowlders Las but slightly
iDulted, and gradually a pillow Li forming
under each rock.
'But the bowlder is not balanced evenly
on tae top. observed the .Boston lady.
it was explained to ner tnat because the
sun is able to reach these ice pedestals
more treaty ou tne south side tlian on tne
north the thing naturally inclines toward
tne sou tu. as we waited along we
noticed a lino of 6 and covered mounds
about four or five feet high and culminat
ing in a sharp ridge. We scraped off a
little ox tho sand and earth and found
that a mound was composed of ice winch
looked quite black when It was uncovered.
The reason for the existence of these
cones was obvious. The ice protected by
tho sand had remained unmelted, and the
wind had thinned tho drifted hcan into
a pointed shape. SudJeidy we heard a
cracking 60uud which was accompanied
by a noise like that ol a distant explosion,
and tho guido said this announced tho
formation of another crevasse. Presently
the sound of falling water, which grew
louder and louder as we approached, was
heard, and toon we reached a point where
a stream dropped down, a shaft in the ico
tnd was lost to eight. The guido called
this leo; hol-3 a raoulin, cud he gently re
marked that a flso step in its direction
would tako a fellow down bevond all
human ail. Agcssiz end TynJall both
tried to ascertain the thickness of glaciers
ry taking soundings down theso rnouhns.
Tha former found no bottom at SOU fort
cn one sea and on another bo estimated
the thickness tt 1,501 fvet. Cor. Jiew
lent ii2ies. - f
ZJeriztioa ia Artillery Firing.
When tho great gran which has thrown
a ball eleven miles Lacpens to be aimed
lortii, c lateral deviation of 209 feet ciust
h3 taken into r.ccouut for the diucrence In
rotaticg spoed between tha spct vhet? it
is CisJ tiii tho epot whero ti:3 tuSiihj
.rill strike" Kaw Voi-k Sun. -s
The republican of the l"nitl State. ansein
blil ly llielr ilellKates In tialloiiHl coliVfiiltiiD.
im fl li r,.b I, ! . I ,kf 4 li.l. ItiifM tjt
I honor tlii memory el their tirr-t ur-.ui leader
ami Imrsoi ll c!iai)iilon of liberiy ami the
i iv.tit of tli people, Atiraliam I nicoln, and to
mvtr Ihd with wri-Ktli.H ! impel ishalile, le
nieiiitiiauee anil K.atilinle tlm lierole names of
our later l-:eler who liave leen uire leeently
called away Jrom ourenmeHH, liraiit. iai llelil,
Arlliiir, l.o-an ami (.'onkliiiK. May their inem
ollet be (alllifully cliel l.ilietl. We also lc""all
wltli our Krt'tiiiK iu,il kvriiyer for In recovery
the name of one of our living hem-b Iios
iiieinory will be irejicuied in the History both
of rcpiilillcuuH ami of the repuhiie. Tin) n:trn
NthatottliM noble poldlcr and lavoiile child
ol victory. I'hilip II. Sheildaii.
In the fpiril of those j:reat ealer ainl of our
tlevotiou t- htiuiHu libei ty, and wilii that hos
tility to ail forms of despotism ai d oppn-ssion
wliicli Uthe fuudaiiiei.tal plea of the r publi
can party, ueeud Iratcnal conuratulalioiej
to our tellow Aniericai.H ot Itianl upon their
great act of emancipation which completed
1 1, i i imi (if slavi-rv tliioiiitoiit lite two
I Aim iicn eontiio'iits. We eanitstly hope e
niav coon omflatiilate our fellow cillenn of
Iri-h bii th upon th-j pi a'-eful recovery of home
rtiirt for Irelaiid.
WK. AKKIItM 0"H l'NSWKHVI DKVOTIIlN
lo the i,atl..ua' foiistlt ulloli and to the ilidlrf
sol ihle union of slate lo Hie ai!ooi:my re
si-1 e I lo Hit: Males under the con liliilloii. to
the I'isonal lights and liPcrlies ot cdiemt in
all . nil it i iitoi ics in the union und c
oi elailv to the suo'enie and sovcie ijni iliit if
evei v cil !eli. i ieti or poor, native or foreign
ii.nii" u hill-i.r l,i:ick- to ca-t tine flee h..llot in
I l.e i,nl,llc eie tlons aim lo have tli-tl ballot
duly eoimieil. We liold a Jree and honest pop
nl.ti ballot ami jul and t ijnal lepie eniation
. f all ii.-onle In l.e the (i iimlal ion of our re-
ni.iiliiiin irotfiiiiieiit and mi.i.ji:! tlleelive
i.- 'i!:.li.ii lo M-ciiie the luteeiitv an-i puilty
it elee i inns u bie 1 1 ale t lie f'Hiul..liis ol' ail pub
lic .in I !, m il v. We ehriii-e lliat t lie present ad-
iiiinisii Jtlion a:::! tie- il.-umei atie niaj .nty in
1...i,..-,,ss owe t heir existence to I he sll; Tciuli
( I the bailol bv lie' cumin il iiuliilicat en of itie
coiisiiluMon and las of the I nited States.
We are ui.i I'Uii m omis'liKl v in liivor of til'
American ssii isi ot pro' eel ion. e protest
aitamst the ties; nici imi piop'sed bv Hie pi'i i-i
li ni mm i:is n il ly. '1 bey verve the iiiterctH
oi Ki:i m e
VK Will. SI'I'I'illM' IN TKl! KSTS OF AMKKK'A
We aceeiil the is.-iie, and eon Illicitly appeal to
I tic. pe.ipic lor ibcir judmeut. '1 he pi oteclivo
sv-.ti m irns-t te inni'-lHined. its Hbandonuieni
lias .ilv. a A be. n f..:lm'. e. ly iicicil din t-ter
to all Interests except thusu ol the uuturer
Wo denounce the Mills' bill as destructive to
general Punnet's, labor, anil ine faituinj; Inter
ests of the Country, ami we heartily endorse
the consistent an-i patiiotic action of the re
publican representatives tn congress in oppos-
I t. it,. ,....,.t ........ ;,
Illllis i:i.s?itne. tt tr t -uii'itTiiiia tin; t i'.n t t'ti
of the democratic party to place wool on the
free list an I Insisc that !he duties thereon
sha'l be adjusted and maintained so as to fur
nish full aud adeiiu.tte protection to that in-
The reutibliean party would effect all needed
reduction of tii national revenue by repealing
the taxes ou tobacco, w liich are an arrogance
and burden to agriculture, aud the tax upon
.-bints used id the arts and fonnecliaMeal pur
posec, and by sticli revision of the taritf laws as
will tend to cheek imports or such arti-deg jts
a-e produced l.y our people, the piduction of
which eives eiui lKViiiett to !!" labor, and re
lease frt'in ininoit dut'es these articles of for-
eisrii predtiflllon. extrept luxurleB, the like of
hicu cannot b produced at liome, there hall
si ill reinaiii a larner revenue Hum is requit-it.
for tl.e wants of jioveriunent, of internal taxes
rat her t nan surifiitifr any part ot eur , rotec
ttve svsiepi at t' e joint ix-fi-si of tlie whi.-ky
niu: imi ::eiis't torcin i;i.un;;a-l nr. rs.
Ail.M.Nsl' PAl'l'Mt AN I. A i:oj: T!: L's s
Wo i'cC'm'c hostiliiy to ihe li tiiiiiiicrioii into
: is ciiiii:l ! of foieisu com r;;ct l'.bi.r and of
(. 1 1 ine-e 1 l .ir .,!i"U to 1 1 1 ci vih.i'.t b-n and eiir
t'oi. I i ill :o:. and we detnatrd t lie it;i i enforee
iii et of cxt:-!it;'i IrVws an.iin-t it a'.m favor such
imineiiiiU' ixislalii'ii as wiil evelude sm-li !.i
b .! fioni cur short s.
We dcci.ne in:;- oppit-i! ion lo ailcombii.a-
lioit-' t.i i jmial omani.ed in trusts or olher-
., i -flu ei litre! m bin aril v the condition of
1 1 ade ainoi.i' t.ur cil iei. .Miil we reo-i mend
to rov.rress and the state legislatures uj llioir
respect ,ve jtirisdiet ions such legislation as will
prevent ine execuimn oi an senenies to oppress
be people by undue charges mi tbeir supiilies
or bv iinju-t rates for the transportation of
their products to market.
we approve legislation by ivtt-jrres.s to pre
vent alike unjust bunteini ana Ulituir d scrim-
inatioii betweon rti-.lt!,.
l't KI.IC I.AXP LKlilSI.ATIOX.
We reallirm t he policy cf appropi latinir the
public binds ol tne united Males to be Home
steads for American cil i.ens and si tilers not
aliens), which the republican party established
in IS';-' aatiiHt the persiste.it opposition of
the democrats m coiiirress, which has biouuhl
our jireat western domain into maniticeiit de-
velopenie"t. ine restoration oi unearned bind
grants i o he public domain for the use of ac
tual sett 1kis, whi.rli was begun under the ad
ministration of I rcdUlent Ak-tliur idiould be
contiiiued. We deny that the democratic partv
lias ever restored one acre to the people, but
declare that by the joint action of republicahs
ami uemocrais aoour. uity million acres i I un-
fanied lainN, oriirinally granted f,.r tlie con
sti net ion ot railroads, nave been restored to
i he pubPe domain in pursuance ot eoiiditions
insi ited bv tin-ieiuib.ie.ii: p:trly iutheoiiiiiu
al "rauls. We elia-i t e democratic ;.;liuinis-
ration witli lailure to exftv.-.te lans securing to
Htlers title to tlicii miiuesteadj and witii ns
insr anprf-priat un.s nia'ie for that piirpess to
harrass l- iecent sei tiers with spie- ami prose
ciiti.ui-' uinier lae la-se prtlen te ci exaoMiiir
nanus ami viuu cani: ine law.
A omission !' r i: iutoki v.s.
The 'iovereuieut by trt;nirress of the leirifor-
ies is based upon necessity only ;o the end that
ihcv m.i y iiee.ooi" states in t he union : tiiern-
ie. whenever t !n eondii i:is of population.
na ferial resource", P: blie irte:!if-,ce and
morality are - ucii as lo insure stable Joeal 'ov-
eriilee t t belelil t lie people ot sueil tel 1'itoi ies
slioii'd b- i t-nuiited. ;i I iuhr . ioiir.i l'HI mi them.
f iii.i for t lit ni selves con.-" in,; ieus hik! sfale
.v-n incnts ami be ad 'tted itito the union
ik'uijt i rep ,i::ti n t.;r stuienooii ail oKieers
lireiei l .sl:. ,, be S"le, t ,i ir"tn bona lide
resid ids ;uiil -itiens of the ten iloi y w lieu in
! !i- y are to serve re.ditli iMkota 'lioi!;-t i f
ri '4 U l.e liimic lately admitted as a state in
t iie ii'i'iin imib-f t he conslit ut i m t r ami
adapted by hiTpeop'p and we heartily en-ilor-e
ti.o ' , pi;, of the iflMihlic.-m senate in
ttt ic.' i';i"i!i'! bills for ber aihulssioii. lie re-
s il of tile detiioerat ie iioii-e or represent t-
tives. orpa'tisTsn puri r ses. to f .uonblv cmi-
irter tlo-se Pil.'s i a w iil.'iil violation of the
: ret I Alii'-ric'in princ!;:'i' ol local sell-i vein
ment, :m '. men's the condemn ttlou of all jns-t
n t he ;n i: ' jii bills rn the st.'iiat for acts
to enable the ueuiile of Wlshinjjton, North
i ..;.:! a i-.'in ''eniaii'i'i :e;rit ri; n form con-
stitu'ious antl establish s'aie cnii lii:iu Is
should be passed w ithout uuneees-aiy delay.
The re.iuioieaii pa'ty pledges lnself to do all in
i.s power to faeilif.te the adm'ssion of the ter
ritories of New Mexico. Wyoinintr. Idaho and
Arizona to tne enjoyment oi seu-BoverDmeut
as states, iv.teh of them as arc now qualified
as soon as possible.aud others as soou as they
may become so.
TUB stOBMO.t QUF.8TIOX.
The political uower of the Mormon cliurch in
the territojies as exercised In the past is a
nienaiice to free institutions 'oo dancerous to
be long suffered. It erefore v. e p ede the re
publican :arty o appropriate iecUlation.
acsertiiift the sovereignty of the nation in all
the territories where the same is questioned,
and iu furtherance of that end to pltice
upon the statute book letrislatinn striii!ent
enough lo divorce political from ecclesiastical
power, sud thu stamp out the attendant
wickedness of polygamy.
'I be republican pnrty Is in favor of the use
of both liold and silver as money, and con
demns the policy of the democratic adminis
tration m its efforts to demonetize stiver.
We demand the reduction of letter postage
to 1 c ut per "unce.
In a republic rke ours. wlire t'i' citizens s
he sovereign and the et!icil the servant
where no invr is exercised except bv the vvi 1
of the people, it is important that the sover-
iiiii reoeie shini;l riosses intelliee- ee. The
free school is the promoter of that inrel-isence
whk'ji is tn iirt'serve us a free t,ati"ii. 'I lier---
re. the st;;t or nation, or both conbined.
!e u'hI support tree institutions of leHl'liilij
fucieiit to llnnl In pyeiv i iuld arowuit! up
in i he Kind the opuort unity ef a uood cominon-
OVH MEHCHAXT MAK1NK.
V.'e ijir:i. t.v lecnuuiifud that prompt nctlon
be taken h C"Prress iu the e ;,etmi i t t'f ,-ieh
leii-iHtlon as will best secure the rebabili a
tionnfour Americ u raeiohau! marine. a"d
we br',t sf atrntnsT ?b p:.ssffp liv e ns;reHs of
a fre ehiu bill as Cdhulaicl to work lniuetice
to labor by lessening the vvatres of those en
Rajed in preparing materials "sis well as those
directly einployetlin our shipyards. e de
mand appropriations tor me eriy rebuilding
of onr navy, for the construction of coast
fortifications and modern ordinance and other
approved modern tueaa ol defence for the
protection of our defenseless harbor aud
cities for the PHvnient of iui pesionsto our
soldiers, for necessary work of national iw-
portane in the improvement of th harbors
and eha:iTels of internal, coast wiser antl
oreVn commerc. fr tf enconrauemenf t.f
t)i otpHipj lRerM of th AH irstio. Gulf
n: d fscTSe states eil as for tiio payaieiti
of the mat urine; pablie de tt. This policy, will
give employment to our 1 -bor, activity to our
various laqustnes, lacre&sea security to oar
ctinrt rr nroinottt trade, onen new and direct
markets for our mod nets and cheap- u the cost
of tntusnoiiHt'ou. We a til nil thi t be far
better for our eotmtr" than toa democratic
policy of loaning the poernment'ii money
without interetit to "pet banks."
I bn conduct of forelun alfalrs by the present
ndmliiiHiral Ion lias been dll Inciilslieo oy inei
llcieticv and cowardice, llaviiur withdraw
from the senate nil pending tieailes ellected
bv republican administrations for Hie removal
of foreiKu burdeuN and restrictions upon our
romini'ice ami for Its extension Into a better
market U has neither allecled nor proposed
any ol hers in their steiul. Prolessliit; auner
ence lo tne Monroe tlotrlrlre. it has neeli with
bllii oniiilaceiicv the extension of forclu'ti in
lluence In Central America and of foreign trade
evcrvwhere amoi jj our neighbors. It lias re
fused to charter, sanction or em-oumue any
American oi tram vllon for constructing tn
McarHL'iia canal, a work of vial importance to
t he n.Hintenance of t he Monroe tloclrlne and
of our national mliueiice In Central and South
America, and m-cessaiy fo- Ihe development
of trade with our 'aclfic territory, with Souh
America, and with the further coasts of Ihe
We arraign the present democratic admbiiii
trallop for its weak and unpaliiijlic treatment
of the tlshi lies ipiestmn. and lis pusillauiiiious
surrenderor hi! privil.its to wlilcli oar lisliery
v ssels are en f I led in fiiiiadian polls under
the treaty of 11. the reciprocate niarin
line hvlslation of is.ia and comity of natl ois.
mid which Canadian tlsbliiK vessels receive in
Hie ports of the l.'liiletl Slates. e eoii lemn
the i nllcv of the present administration and
tin democratic majority In coiieress towards
our tl -belies as unfriendly and conspicioiisly
unpatriotic and as tending to destroy a valuable
mil n n a I I ml ustiy and an indispeiislble resource
ol defense acam-d f- relirn enemv.
The name of American applies alike to -Il
ciliy.eiis of the rep.ibli". and imposes upon men
alike the same o' liiralion of obedlen-je to the
aws. .. t ihe siime iimeci i.i iisuip is and niusr.
be the panoply and safeguard of him who weais
it. should sine o anu prolect iiitn wnetner niL'ii
or low, rich or poor. In all his civil rihtn. It
should ami must afford him protection athmm
and follow and protect him abroad in whatever
land lie may be on a lawiui errauu.
l.'IVll. HKKVIOK ItKKOIIM.
The men who abandoned the republican par
ty in JXH4 and continue to adhere to the demo
cratic partv have deserted not only the cause
of honest irovenimeiit. but of sound finance, of
freedom and purity of the baliot. but espec
inllv have deserted the cause of reform iu the
civil serviie. We will not fall to keep onr
pledges because tl.ey have broken theirs, or
because their candidate has broken l.is. We
therefore repea our declaration of lHRl, towlt :
The reform of civil service auspiciously heuii
under republican administration should be
completed bv a further extension of th reform
system already established by law to all grades
of the service to which it is applied. The spir
it and purpoKe of reform should be observed in
all executive appointments, and all lawn at
varience with the object of existing reform "K
islation should be repealed, aud that the dan
gers to free institutions which lurk in the pow
er f official patronage may be wisely and ef
The gratitude of the nation to the defenders
of tlie union cannot be assured except by laws.
The legislation of congress should conform to
the pledges made by a loyal pop!e. aud be so
enlarged and extended as to prov'de against
the possibility that any mau who honorably
wt-re the federal uniform shall become an in
mate of an almshouse or dependent on private
charltv. In tiie presence of an overflowing
treasury it would b" a public scandal to do less
for those whose valorous service preserved the
government. We denounce the hostile ppirit
shown by President Cleveland in his numerous
vetoes oi measures ior pension reiiei, ana ine
action of the democratic house of representa
tives in refusing even consideration of general
in support ! tne principles rerewun enun
ciated, we invite the on-ope ration of patriotic
ien of all parties, especially of all working-
men whose prosperity in seriously threatened
by the free trade policy of the present admin
istration. The first CO' cent of all good government is
the virtue and sobriety of t he people Mid the
pun'y of their homes. The republican party
ciir.iiali svinpamrcs wim nil wise ana wen
directed efforts for the promotion of temper
ance. BUS IN ESS 1)1 1MXT0UY .
S. b THOMAS.
Attorner-:tt-Law and Notary Public. Oftice in
Kilgeiald iUotk. rlattsmoiith. Neb.
A. N. SULLIVAN,
Attomey-at-l.aw. Will give prompt attention
to all business intrusted to him. Oftice io
Union K'.ock, East side. Plattsmouth. Neb.
AG KICULTUi: AI. IM 1 LF.MENTS.
Agricultural Implements, Courtland Buggies
n;d Kilt h ford W iitnn-', "ooiui limber and
Hone I ry." sold and Warranted. Main street,
between Sixth and Seventh.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK.
of Plattsnioutli. Capital S.'iO.ono : surplus $11,-
000. .lolin Fitzgerald, President ; S. W augh.
I ashier: F. 5. W hite. ice-President. Board
of Uiiectors: John Fitzgerald. F. E. White.
duo. it. Clark, l. iiawkse;'t. b. waiigh.
THE CITIZENS BANK.
of Plattsniout:.. Capit 1 stock paid in, S50.000.
Frank Carruth. President : W. IL Ciishiug.
t ashier; J. A. Connor. Vice-President. A
general bankinn buspiess tr.tnsacted. Collec
tions receive prompt mid careful attention.
Blacksmith anil Wagonmaker, Dealer in rt'lnd-
mi, is. Pumps and ri; tings.
-D JOSEPH FITZF.K.
Roots tind Shoes. Repairing promptly attended
to. South Side Main street.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
A complete assortment of every kind of Foot
wear and cheaper than the cheapest west of
the .Missouri River. Also liianufartiiring and
BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOM.
Hot ami Cold Ra'hsat all hours. Ladies and
Children's Hair Cutting a specialty. Cor. 0th
aud Main, under Can utli'ti.
Bread. Cakes. Pies. Runs. etc.. fresh daily.
Party. W edduig and rji-cy Cake a specialty.
Ice Cream iu any quantify.
J. P. YOUNG,
Bookseller. Stationer, aud News Dealer : Fancy
Goods, Toys. Confectionery, Fine Cigars. Soda
water ana aiiik Aiiake, nanos anu organs anu
S. & C. MAYER.
Gent 's Furnishings, Fine Tailor Made Clothing
in Men's. Hoys' and Children's Wear. Their
prices defy competition. They misrepresent
nothing. Their Word s Their Bond.
Cloth:!r. Furnishing Goods. Go to the old re
liable house for Hats, Caps. Umbrellas, Trunks,
Boots, Shoes. Main street, next Cass Co, Bank.
- c. e. wescoit.
Clothing. Hats. Caps, c. Fine Furnishings
our specialty. One price and no Monkey Bus
iness. t pays to traae w itn us. uocKWQoa liik,
fJAKEUTH CANNING CO.,
Frank Carruth, Henry J. Streight, Proprietors.
Packers of the Climax Brand" Vegetables.
Ffli I.LTH KR 4 US.
hru;ts. Confectionery ami Fine Cigars.
O. V. SMfH & CO.
Dealers tn Wall Paper, Paints, Oil, Art Mater
ials. Cigars &c. llockwooj Block.
GERING & Co.
Drug, Chemicals. Paints, Oils.
F. G. FRICKE CO..
Drugs, Medicines. Chemicals. Faints. Oils,
Varnishes. Dye Stuffs etc.. Fine Stationery,
Select Toilet and Facy Articles.
F. S. WHITE.
Dry Goods, Groceries. Notion. Qeueral Mer
cbandise, etc. S. E, corner Majn and eth SU.
Dry Goods. Notions and Ladles' Furnishing
Good. - One aoor oat First National fiaalt.
TllY GOODS. GROCERIES.
U K. tl. DOVEY & SOX.
Carry a largn etock of Fine Groceries. Dry
floods. Carpets. Queensware. Notions, Mid
Fancy Goods, lo be found In the county. Up
per fal street, between 5th and fitli.
IR. A. T. WITHERS.
The Pauiles Deutifts." Teeth extracted
without the least pain or harm, Ar.lflcial leeth
Inserted immediately after extracting natural
ones when de-ired. tiold and all other Fillings
felriclly first class. Ofllce In I nlou Block.
Knrnitiire. Bedilimr. tooKlmr i;l;isse. Picture
Frames, f tc. Wooden aud .Metal Caskets kept
r i. pkari.man.
I'nriilliire. 1'arlol Suits. I'nho'sterv Goods
Hi oves. Oueeiihware. 1 in ware, and all klmls of
Household floods. North Ct!i street, between
Main aud Vine.
GENT'S Fl.'KNmilNO i OIS.
J. II. DON N KIXY.
(Sent" Fine Furnisher and Hatte'-. The mest
complete and finest stock in the city. Carrutb
Block, Cor. :lli and Main.
M. P.. MURPHY CO..
The Leading Dealers in Groceries. Crockery.
( lima, La'tips. Wooden and v ilbw ware.
Fiour, I-eed.&c. Cash ialit for country produce,
i.kii n hoff & soknniciisk.n.
(Groceries, Provisions, Glassware and Crockery.
F. M CO CRT.
Green. Staple ami Fancy (iroceries.
BENNETT & TCTf.
Staple and Fancy Groceries, J reeu Fruits aud
I AUG. B VCH.
Groceries and Ou-M-iisw-ire, Kbt'ir "ml Fee '
Cigars, Tobacco .! ni t'u ;c,v. luUlc I In use.
f ' itociiiu r.n.
1 Faacv 'Jroeeries. (ilasswars and
Flour and Feed.
Proprietor City Hotel. Terms. Sl.no per
Special Attention given commercial men.
W. G. K REFER.
Successor to O. Sti'i-igltt. Harness, Saddlery
Goods. Net Robes, Dusters, aud all horse fur
Hardware. Stoves. Tiuware. Table and Pocket
Cutlery. Rasors, etc. Household Sewing Ma
chines and .lewel Gasoline stoves. TiuwMik
of all kinds done at reasonable prices. Alain
street, Rock'.vood Block.
d P. A. MfELWAIN.
Watohen. Clocks. Silverware and Jewelry.
Special Attention given to Watch Repairing.
FRANK CARItUTH & SON.
Always carry a fins stock of Diamonds, Watch-
Cl cks. Jewelry. Silverware an I Spectacles.
Drop hi and inspect their go jds before parclias
uig elsew here.
M J. SCHL.VTEB.
lewpler. WaUhirn Watches a ipeoialty. Main
Street, near Fourth.
T I VERY STABLE.
C. M. HOLMES & SON.
The Checkered Barn. Liverv. Feed and Sale
stable : parlies conveyed to all parts of ihe city.
images at all trains. Comer vine and r.tn.
EA I MARKET.
Who'csrtle and Retail Dealer In First Duality
Beef, Pork, Mutron veal. Lamb, etu. Sixth
stree', Neville Block. Prices moderate.
LVi .J. II AT r & CO..
Kill their own Cattle. Render their own Lard
nd Cure their own Bacon. Mam stteet.
FICKf.ER & CO..
'Cs. Poultrv jsc. We use o- lv the best rade
f native stock . Oysters :md game in season
1 A I L ' R.
C. F. SM fTH,
Merchanr Taj'or. Main street, 'over Merges'
shoe store. Con-plete stock of samples. 1-it
guaranteed.. Prices net y copipetiticn
iX MRS. J. F. JOHNS'):.
A Complete Line of the Latest Styles of Mil-
linei v and Trimmings ; also Children's and In
fants' Bonne s to he closed .nt. at cost.
RESTAURANT AN!) l.UVC" ROOM .
Meals and Lunches sei veil t order :it a 1 hours.
A so osters. i igars. Tobicco. Pop and Ciller.
Opposite Riddle House.
O FRAHM & KLIETCH,
Sample Room. Imported and Domestic W:nes,
Liquors and Cigars. Only straight goods han
dled. Milwaukee Bottled Lager a Specialty.
Cor. 5th and Main Sis,
THE AMERICAN EXCHANGE.
Ni k Cunningham, proprietor Choice Wins,
Liquors ft rut Cigars. Pool and Bil.iard Tables.
R'ddle Hou-e Block.
THE ELKHORX SALOON.
Wm. Weber, proprietor. Manufacturers of
Soda W'ater. Birch Beer. Cider, etc. Agents for
rred Krug's Celebrated Lager Beer.
JOHN BL VKE.
Samp ' Room and Uilliard Hall. Choice Wines
Liquors and Cigars, B'lliard and Pool Tables.
VrM. Iv. BROWNE,
V rsonal attention
:o my care.
to all Business Entrust'
NOTARY IX OFFICE
Title" Examined. Abstaicts Compiled, In
surance Hriiien, real r.siaie
Better Facilities for making Farm Loans than
Any Other Agency
C F. SMITH,
The Boss Tailor
Main Sr., Over Merges' Shoe Store.
Has the best and most complete stock
of samples, both foreign and domestic
woolens that ever came west of Missouri
river. Note these prices: Business suits
from $10 to $35, dress suits, $25 to $45,
pants $4, $5, $6, $6.50 and upwards.
C3PWill guaranteed a 6t.
Prices Defv Competition.
C3-. T3. KEMP3TER,
Practical Fiam and Organ
First-class work guaranteed. Also deal
er in Pianos and Organs. Office at Boeck's
furniture store, Plattsnioutli, Nehraska.
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER.
All work first-class; West Fifth Street.
North Robert Eberwood's Etore.
WAST so 5L,osass, I
RELIEF FOR ALL EYES !
THE WOULD FAMOIS
You can consult him about
and how to take care of them. More
light for the unfortunate spectacle wear
ers, and the doom of blindness preventen
bv the use of Ins Alaska iinllmnts and
Australian Crystals. A new chemical
And patent self-adjusting
me first time intrauticcil into tins coun
try; manufactured to order after careful
examination by modern instruments.
has arrived in I'luttsmouth, and has
an olliee at the I'iddlc House. lie is do
ing an immense business throughout the
United States, giving tlie best of satisfac
tion ami dcliirlit to hundreds with de
i'ective sirht. His knowledge of tin-
human eye and his skill in adjusting tin-
glasses is marvelous beyond imagination.
Endorsed bv nil the treat 111L'n f this
country and Europe.
In an instant, as if by magic he is en
able:l to tell you any ailment of yout
failing vicion, point out the cauac aud
danger, and adapt brilliant glasses, pe
culiarly ground to suit every defect ol
the ejTe. which will aid in strengthening
the eyesight of the old and young. Sci
entists invited to examine the new sys
tem for the preservation of the human
Teachers should watch the early mani
festations of their sc holars'' eyesight and
report in time to ther respective parents
to have their eyesight examined by Prof.
Strnssman, the expert optician of nation
Artificial Eyes Eeplaced.
Persons deprived of an eye can havt
this deformity removed by the insertion
of an artificial one, which moves and
looks like a natural organ.
9 to 12 a. tn., 1 to 4 p.. and 7 to 8 in
li E F E. P, ENCES:
Oeorge Uurgctt, Rev. A. Clark, Mr.
Duff, Mrs Dr Laish, I) P Rolfe, Mr.
Streeter, I)r Blinker, It M Rolfe, Roden
brock, C Anderson, J W AValdsmith, Y
A Cotton, S-II CnMinun, Judge Mnprs.
David Brown. Dr II ishey. Win I Iyer.
T S Jones, E M Taggart, E Ruber, W.
II Murphy. Frank McCartney. James
Fitchie, Rev. Emanuel Hartig. Mrs. A.
E Rudd, W D Merriam, Miss VanMeter.
Dr S L Gant, A Home, Paul Schminke.
Nat Adams. Geo A Wilcox, Mr Sheldon.
Mr. Gunsell. Rev R Pearson. Shomerus.
L Levey. S M Kirkpattick, Dryscoll.
Donald McCuaig, William Wilheltnv.
Rev River, Logan Enyart. X Red Held.
J F Welch, Rev. J B Green, John Good
lett, C B Bickel, Dati Gregg, C W Scher-
fy. F, S Hawley, A R Xewcomb, AV'm
Nelson. Mr X Dvis, Wm P'nlton, Adam
Klooa, Mrs Ed Platner, M T Johnson.
Mrs Cainout, Mrs. Sterling Morton. Mrs.
Watson. Miss Morton, Mr Geo W IIawk.
Mrs W T Sloan. Mrs L W Llovd, Mrs
S J Stephenson. Dr. Bishop, Mr Johnson
Crown, llrs AircL : .. . -
Xcvcr 1 K'li re lias an ()jticiaii re
ceived Mich lotinx-iiials lrom
Olliee of Iowa Soldier's Home.
Maishalltown, Iu., Feb. 17,
Piiok. SniAKhMAN, lhar Mr: The
glasicH yoti furnished myself hikI wife
when in Clinton, have proven in every
way satisfactory, nnd we tako pleasure
in recommending your wmk nnd glasscH
to all who may be in need of safety and
nnd comfort for your eyesight.
Cel.. Mn.o Smith, C nd.mt.
Mayor's Olliee, Murshiillti n,
November :ird, lbM7. .
Prof. Strassmaii Ins been iu our city
some six weeks or more, and ns an opti
cian has given the Inst of satisfaction
b'dli as to prices tind ounlitv of work.
having treated some of the most diilicult
ease of the eyes with success nnd am sat
isfied you will find him a skillful opt.
( i.in and a gentleman.
Very Respect fully,
Nixhin Amks, Mayor.
Prof. Ktrassman, n distinguished op
tician, now stopping in our city, comes
befi't'i: us with the highest tcstimoninlH
of skill and experience in his ait, nnd I
tuke pleasure iu recommending him to
my friends and the public who may bo
in need of his services, hs one entitled to
his confidence. J. Williamson, M. D.
The long felt want in this com
munity fur sight-restoring glasses is now
supplied by the fcueeiMsful optician, Prof.
A. Strssiuan, from Bcilin, lie; many, for
n short time longer tit the Riddle house.
The waste of valuable eyesight enn b
prevented, if not too lute, by his correct
mode of equalizing sll luerjinditiis of tho
injured eyes In his specialty, it is con
ceded that he is the head of the profes
sion, and many of our best citizens, and
physicians haye been successful in ob
taining relief by the use of his glasses;
J. Vallery, jr.,
Mrs. F. Jolitisf n,
Mrs X. E. Sage,
Mr. C. Nichols.
Miss Laura Baker,
Mrs. A. SA-ift,
Mrs. W. I). Jones,
S. P. Vnnattn,
W. II. Newell,
Mrs. P. Kessler,
Mrs. P. Kennedy,
C. W. Sherman,
W. M linker.
Prof. J.B. Wiftcomb
Judge A. N. Sullivan
G. W. Cov 1).
I). M. Jones.
J. C. Cutntuins,
F. W. Witte.
M Kni t v.
Mrs. Kate SiinpFon, Mr,
P. L. Wise,
L. I). Bennett,
Dr. Jno Black,
J. W. Jones.
Dr. Geo. Black,
Mrs. L. A. Plutnb.
Dr E B Young. C F Chun, G K Powers,
I) B Miller, J B Keevvl Mrs J S-:.nk,MiH
T II Dearborn, G W Holt, A C Blose, W
A Close, Mrs. Apph bec, Mr Stockslager,
J S Wroth, Rev M( ( lure, Mis lli-sllcr,
Mrs. Farrier, Matiker, Rev McCiillery, Mrs
Stanley. R Wadswortli, Mr Marenhcdt.,
.Mr .b iliics, Rev Jngg, W StalTord, C W
Schneider, Harvey Spry, C E Richard.,
David Ranis, Mr. Isold, C II Lane, C M.
Mills, T II Lee. Wm Kochler, C J Lilli
jebiik, T M Lee, Geo L Plait, Mi L
Holyser, Wm Duhlcy, O Riinin 1-, Mrs
IJ S Porter, I II Hazarenus, .Mr Broad by.
F A Carter, Mrs Fisher, Mr Stoddard. E
O Shepherd. A Mc( Joniiel). E A Brown,
Mr Gibson, Mr Pikes. Rev J W Hamil
ton, S P Miller. Mr F C C ark. B K A
Simons, J V Sautbin, Mr Yfin Alstine,
L F Rors, Mrs Deeiner, Mrs. Junkin,
Thos Gritlith, I San born, Geo Binus, Mr.
Meyers, P. P. Johnson, and many others
from the surrounding country.
Col W P Hepburn, ox-congressmen;
ilon T E Clark, senator; Rev Snook, Dr
Cokenowcr. Dr Lowollcn. F W Ilnrish.
I S Mc lntyr. A S Bail v. J I) Jones, B W
Foster, II C Beckwith, John Glaseby, ft
Kimhall. Mrs. Morsmnn, raff, IU-v.
eay. l)r an Snnt, J I) ll.iv. ley, T M
Monzingo. Dr Milieu, 11 Bed well, dipt
Stone. J H St et, Hon Win Butler. O X
Hurdle, A T Clement. J M Crabill. Mr
Newton, Mrs Shaul, Ron T E Clark, Mrs
Loranz, Dr. Power, Rev Eddy, Raymond
Lor mz. A P Skeed, J P Burrows, Dp
Barrett. Mrs Ells.
President of First National fjnk and
President of Creston National Bsnk:
r II Patt, Mr Donlin, Mrs Teed, Ed
Oerr, Rev Van Wr.gner, Geo Wclster.
Miss C Webster, Mrs Mary Eckert, Thos.
McGrath. Ed Lewis, Dr N Tiurey. Prof
Larrabee, Col Swall. Mrs W D Moore
W V McQuuid, J II Lichtr, Mr Spurr.
Dr Groves, Mr II Xcwtuuii, Dr l)un!ni.
W F Patt. Rev F V,' Exson, Mrs M Sulli
van, 3Irs laran.ore, .Mr. allars, Mrs K
Duane, Miss C Eoyer, R E Ewing. W M
bparr. Dr. Kcjnolds, Mrs II P Sawver,
Miss Mattie Muntz. C Hnrlcv, DG Miller,
V II Blanchard, Dr Schiffeiie, Mr B Hur-
ey, Mr Hamrnan. Mrs A M Gow. Prof
Meyer, Dr Reynolds.
Senator Bloom, Dr I F IlanMt. Dr.
Copporthwftitc Mis Dr 1ap. Meters. Par-
vm. Kost, Mosier. F II Bradlev. II II
lones, D Shireliff. n rn Pur.ly, Gen Rot.
Warner, Mrs F J Cor. Hon P A Dev. Rev
Porter, Prof Parker. Prof McCJaire. Prof
McBride, Prof N R Leonard, Prof. A O
flunt. Prof 1 II Williams, Kon Earn rij
1, n fl r:' r -1 1 : -nr
i ? :
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