The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19??, August 22, 1888, Image 3
. I 4 .AN AND II031E. wUILDING OF THE CELLAR ANtf THE CARE THEREOF. Car of th Hands Uht tUm XT Urn aorrr It Men Only Kmw Femlnin Pockets Headdress Women Who Kerer Rmt NoU'l and Items. First and foremost, health and it great sustaiuer, cleanliness, demand a dry cellar. The floor, in order to prevent the entrance of moibturo from below, must be laid with cement or asphalt, and the cesspools and plumbing must be in good condition. To prevent tho entrance of moisturo from above, the pavement in the front area and in the rear court yard must be firmly cemented betwoou the flag stone; otherwise water will drip through their crevices after a heavy r&ln or during the thawing period. Bop&rato bins for wood, and for range and furnace coal; aro extremely desirable; they add to the neat appearance of the entire , collar, and keep their content within their proper bounds. There nro many modes of building them, but a simple ami practical way hi to firmly plant four uprights, one at each corner of the square or oblong of the desired dimensions. The wall f,f the cellar may IjO utilized for one t'le, and cr.K.-iboai-ds nailed to tho uprights iriu two iiioiu Tho front must lie arrange! eo ua t nllo'-r it. vntiro rrmovul wlien tho bins require Gliing. This can bo dono by grooving the two uprights, bo that tho boards can bo shoved upward and lifted out Tho coal heaver beginning, of nourae, at tho low est, returns each board to its Aucn as it bo coina m-ewnry to curb the limit of tho in creasing pile. Ai ojeiiiiig l-irg enough to !Oii!y admit tho shovel is left in tho lowest A. B. -. so that tho fuel can be readily ob- c cool comer of tho cellar, rrmoto from furnace, build n shelved and roomy rioset, wlue door is provided with a lock, for tho storing of jellies, preserve., pickles, etc., the floor of which can bo utl.izl for tho winter's stock of jtatoes. To keep ths closet light nml well ventilated, havo it built of sluts liko a picket fence. Shelves may bo attached to tho wall here and there, and will prove convenient to hold empty bottles, which should lo ranged in an orderly manner, pints aud quarts in separate rows. Flower pots, if inverted and set one over tho other, may also Iks placed upon these shelves and are out of danger of breakage. If rags aro allowed to accumulate, await ing tho ragman, keep them in a large caso or trunk to prevent their being scattered over tho floor. Soap boxt-s, empty cases and use less articles of furniture should at onco le reduced to kindlings and thrown into the wood bin. Bull, when removed from the garden, can bo thrown into a basket aud hung from a convenient hook in the ceiling or under side ufa shelf. Children's sleds, garden imple ments and sundry other articles can be hung from tho walls, and tho hose, unless coiled about alio.; carriage, may bo rolled up and "' tied and suspended in tho samo manner. - A coat of whitewash applied yearly to shelves aud walls aud closets nnd bins greatly adds to tha cleanliness of tho cellar nnd lightens its usual gloom. To keep the cellar us pure and clean as it ought to lo kept, tho housekeeper need give but threo orders, each of which, however, mast lo implicitly olwyed: First, the cellar to be thoroughly swept not less than onco in a. fortnight, and during the heated term occasionally washed with a broom and plenty of water. Second, all ashes from the furnace must bo daily removed as long as tho furmuo is kept going. Third, any inoist spot uioii tho floor must bo reported as soon as detected. Onco rejorted, it is her duty to ' immediately ascertain its cause and take the necessary stei to prevent its recurrence. Harper's Bazar. Care of the Housewife's Hands. One of tho greatest trials of women who must do more or less housework is that of keeping their hands in shapely condition. It is alf very well to say put on a pair of gloves to dust or sweep, to make leds, or to gardea in, but who, in tho busy rounds of daily re curring duties, can tako tiino to get her gloves, ami do her work so much the slower -for having them on? Yet nothing is more mortifying than on ugly hand, rough and stained, with stumpy fingers; nothing more rouses in a woman envious feelings than tho comparison of her own hands lying in her lap, showing evidence of bard work, with thoso of some sinter woman white, well hapen, dainty objects of admiration and real beauty. Doubtless one reason for this is that hands aro always before one's eyes, and so are not as easily forgotten as noses and teeth; and, therefore, unless there is a sense of satisfaction in their prominence there is nn uneasy consciousness of their presence. The simplest thing a woman can do to make tho hands attractive is to care for tho nails, but any attempt to file them ia tho modern fashion introduced by manicures is simply useless. Tho most ordinary duties about tho lious,are certain to break long, pointed nails, and getting one's finger nail into shape after euch a misfortune is no easy task. Two or three so broken would drive tho most sweetly smiling faces into wrinkles and scowls of vexation. yso, it is wisest to keep the nails trimmed !iosely, neatly rounded so that the tip ia shaped exactly liko tho half circle at tho bot tom, using tho file frequently, for that makes a neater, clearer cut edge than any knife or scissors. Keep the little fold of cuticle which encircles the nail free from hangnails and show the half moon at the bottom, which is called tho mark of beauty in the nail, by pushing tho fold freely back with a 6harp !ointed ivory instrument. After a little time this becomes easy enough. Then drying the Lands with a coar3e towel push the flesh back from the nail constantly. Then, no matter if tho tasks of tho day in clude preparing small fruit for preserving, 'and washing pots and pans, which are some of the hardest duties of housework on hands and finger nails, never permit tho nails to re main in a stained condition. Wash them in an acid and rub them briskly and forcibly with a nail brush in a bowl of oat meal and water. Jfever scrape the under part of the uaiL The roughness thus engendered will - catch and hold dirt for days. Every one uses more or less creams or gly cerine or vaseline on the skin in the winter time. Tho latter is the easier to procure, the less expensive and tho more efficacious in keeping tho skin soft. Better than the use of . any such application is the habit of wearing a loose glove at night, not a greased glove, Lut an ordinary kid one, two or throe sizes larger than the hand. This soon coascs to bo annoying, aud, simple as it seems, is, be yond doubt, the most certain method of keeping soft, white hands. A woman who Is noticeably - awkwark with her hands should tako paics to learn tho freeing mo tions of the Dela&rte system, aud with prac tice by herself the awkwardness will soon disappear. The fingers of seamstresses are often a source of much annoyance to them from the , jxrictj necdhM. Women who sew want rcme wot removing the very evident pin rxUZa, il roc;b Fslc stone Is the best remedy. If it smooths down the flesh until It smarts, a cot the finger of an old glove to bold a profuse application of vase line, will heal the soreness in one night "8. a E. M." in Chicago Herald. What the Wife Deserves. "My dear," said an eminent philanthropist to his wife one day as he suddenly burst into the sitting room, "I have been counting the windows in our house, and find there are forty. It just occurs to me that you have to keep these forty windows clean, or suier intend the process. And that is not a begin ning of your work. All these rooms have to be swept and garnished, the carpets mado aud cleansed, the house linen prepared and kept in order, beside tho cooking, aud I took it all as a matter of course, I just begin to see what woman's work is, even when she has help, as you are not always able to pro cure. You ought to receive a monthly sti pend as a housekeeper would. Why haven't you made me see it before? I have not been Just to you whilo I have boen geuerous to others." The wife who told this in after years to her husband's credit, sat down with him and for the first time since their marriage opened her heart freely ujon the topic of woman's allowance. She confessed to having had many a sorrowful hour at her osition as a lggar. At tho head of a large household in a western town where domestic service was both scant and incompetent, she had hardly been trusted with $5 at a time, during their united lives. "itobert and I talked it over," sho said, "and decided that the woman who takes care of any household article, like a cwpet for instaium, from the time it is first made till it is worn out, has ex))eudodupoii it an amount of time, and strength fully equal to tho labor that mado it, counting from tho shearing the wool till it comes from tho loom. It may be unskilled work, but it is work all tho same. And this is only ouo small item in her house keeping labor. Does she not deserve seme payment besides her board and clothing? 'Robert saw woman's work in a new light. From that tiino till today he has placed a generous share of his income in my hands, not as a gift, but a right. Aud ho knows that I will no more fritter it away than he will. If I chose to deny myself something I need and bestow its cost in charity or buy some book9 I crave, he no more thinks of chiding mo than I think of chiding him for spending Lis money as ho likes." There ore other Roberts who have yet to learn this lesson of justice ami they are found in every walk of life. I havo known rich men who were ready to buy silks, velvets and diamonds for their wives, sometimes far beyond what were desired, yet who grudging ly doled out $5 at a time when apealed to for a little money. The reason given is that it may bo spent foolishly. If anything will pro long babyhood into maturity it is such treat ment. Against it a woman's nature rise) in rebellions indignation. Thoughts of bit terness rankle in the wounded heart and there are flighty, mocking, flip pant creatures made so by just this want of trust on the part of their husbands. Tho gravest and most elusive faults are always found among dependent classes. Hester M. Poole in Good Housekeeping. If Men Only Knew. If men only knew. But they do not, and never wilL Tho women they marry are often enigmas to them. In "courting days" the girls are angels, their whims are adorable, their defects beaut 'es. They pay compliments out of reason. No one was ever so beautiful, so sweet, so bright. But after that it is different. After, he judges her coolly and criticises her frankly something whieh can never be agreoable to any one, except perhaps a German philoso pher, who regards himself, as he does every thiug else, in the abstract. She does not, if she has sense, believe her self an angel, or a ierfect beauty, or . marvel of brilliancy, but she thinks he holds that opinion of her. She is willing to live aud die for him becauso of that. She en gaged herself to him because be held those opinions of her. It is of tener than a man knows that a woman loves a man because he loves her; gives herself because he seems to need her. And now they have been ten years married, and what did he say just now? "But, really, you are so touchy, Jane." Touchy I Had he not asked her how she could lo so "fidgety?" Did he not say only yesterday: "You re member how you felt when you were a pretty girl yourself I" Does he not speak invari ably of "all that sort of thing" as past? The other evening did he not say that ii was "stupid" in the moonlight on the piazza, and go in and get a lamp and a newspaper, when sho was just thinking: "How like thi is to old courting times," and expecting him to put his arm around her? And did he not remark of her last dress: "Don't squeeze yourself, Jane, You can't make an eighteen inch waist now; it's gone forever?" He, who swore that she could never change in his eyes. Touchy? She is miserable; her heart is breaking. She would not toil him for the world, but she is crushed. And he he loves her more than ever. The glamour of courtship is gone, but honejt atTection is there. His wife is better to him than all the world beside. Us never doubts she knows it, and he wishes sho would be her own dear self, and not so grumpy; and he sighs as he thinks her health may be breaking down, but he never guesses that it is his insistence on the com monplace view of life and matrimony that has altered her his constant utterance of so many of those blank, bald truths about time and love that men delight in uttering, and women bate to hear. And, since it is the satisfied heart that makes a charming woman, it would be to his interest to court his wife, while tho twain dwelt upon this earth together. Mary Kyle Dallas in Once a Week. Mysteries of Feminine Pockets. A fashionable young lady thus reveals one of the mysteries of shopping: "As I make small purchases I lift the back of nry bat and shove into the crown such trifles as hairpins, lace, needles, gloves, thread, etc. You have no idea how conveni ent it is, for in warm weather one needs both bauds for parasol and fan," and here fashion's favorite raised her parasol of tulle and silk and gracefully swung it over her left shoul der. "Whenever I go to a picnic or boat ex cursion I get rid of my gloves and handker chief in this convenient place. 1 went home with Rosa II one day last week, and wLcn she took off her hat there in the crown were two pairs of silk stockings, three pairs of kid gloves and four embroidered handker chiefs. The hat makers have been thought ful enough to make the crowns of the bats as largo as a good sized basket, and my bas ket, you sec, I carry on my bead add not on my arm." Many ladies out shopping have been seen to dispose of parcels of quite a large size in their closed umbrellas, the overlapping folds of silk entirely concealing them from pub lic view. It is a notorious tact that shop lifters make use of their bustles to oMceal purloined goods. A lady's gown Is provided with but oue pocket, while the tailor bestows upon a gentleman's outfit a dozen or more, and thus the gentler Bex are forced to resort to some expedient to make up for this defi ciency. During the reign of tie backs even this one pocket was relegated to dowdies, as it destroyed the graceful, flowing outlines of the figure. A lady's glove too, is a recep tacle for small change, memoranda, etc., and the handkerchief is generally tucked in the belt. The nuns carry in their long, loose sleeves their mouchoirs, and many an apple and juicy orange is drawn from its fold to be presented to the favorite scholar in the convent schools. A pocket sewed within tho corset serves in traveling to stow away bauk notes and dia monds, suierseding the stylo of former days, w hen money was concealed in the shoo and stocking. A chamois leather bag, too, is very often used en voyage susjeudod from the neck, and in these the careful beauty places ber finest jewels, unwilling to risk them in her trunks. Tho fashionable damo, too, car ries nt her side a full accoutermeut of neces saries, mode of silver and susended by a richly wrought chatelaine. Among the pend ants tho most prominent are the viniagrette nnd bonbouniere, tho latter of antique silver, filled with choice French bonbons. St. Ixuis G lobo-Democrat. flat fur Short Ladies. In the hoo of adding to her height, a diminutive daughter of Eva will mount on her head a hat as tall as ono of tho '-busbies" of her majesty's horse guards. But thus to make one's se f all head, and nobody, accentu ates shortness. Believe m-, a towering hat dwarfs more than a perfectly flat headgear would It is only n tall woman who can wear, without entirely destroying artistic proportion, a hat of the exaggerated height wo sometimes see. Tho true proportion for a hat, if a erson wishes to make every inch of hat tell, is this: tho height of the hat must be equal exactly to tho distance from the chin to the eyebrow. If tho trimming is at tho back of tho hat it can bo worn higher than if placed in front. Broad brims dwarf a figure unless tho line of tho circle is modified by narrowing or turning up tho brim at tho back. This style is becoming to most faces. For a tall ierson a broad brim and rather high crown are best. For if the hat is small and flat, it contrasts too strongly with tho wearer's dimensions, as when tho hat is huge and tho lady under neath small, one is tempted also to draw invidious comparisons. Loudou Cor. Kansas City Journal. The Fare and the Veil. And ono must consider the size of tho veil also. Tho part of the face that shows tho marks of ago first is the lower part wrinkles deepen attout tho mouth aiiil tho skin gets brown there. For this reuson a uoso veil is unbecoming, except to tho young and bloom ing. It leaves the least beautiful part of the face exposed, and so, of course, exag gerates its defects. French women, with their keen, artistic eye, never make tliis mis take. Their veils always reach to tho tip of the chin. Another error that American women are especially prone to is letting the veil como only half down the nose. This will do for a jierson with an exquisite nose, but a long nose is increased in size by such a short veil. It is more becoming for a person who has this feature we are discussing, "tip-tilted like the petal of a flower," to bring the lower edge of the veil in a sharp angle up to the side of tho hat, for this apparently lengthens and depresses tho nose. On the contrary, a Roman nose requires that the lower line of the veil should take a moro horizontal direc tion, and bo fastened at tho back of the hat, London Cor. Kansas City Journal. Wuuien Who Never Rest. Many women never rest. They seem not to understand what rest-real rest means. To throw one's self down with a newspaper or a book is not rest; it is only a change of occupation. To sit down and keep tho lingers flying over some sort of fancy work, as if ono were pursued by a demon of unrest, is certainly not rest. But to lie at full length upon a hard surface, arms extended at the sides, head back, with no pillow, eyes closed, all cares and worries dismissed this is rest; this will smooth awaj- wrinkles in face and in temper; this will give an air of repose tc tho tired, anxious, nervous woman; this will tako away many an ache and straighten out rounded shoulders and craned out necks. English girls who are famous walkers are taught to lie down for a few seconds when ever they come in from their tramps. If Americans would learn the value of lying down frequently, say two or threo times a day, they would have twice as much go ahead and power to go ahead as they aro now fa mous for. "S. S. E. M. in Chicago Herald. Care of the Hair. Cold tea is said to be excellent to keep the hair in curl, many women using this in pre ference to any other preparation. Wet the bair with the tea before doing up, roll up and let remain till morning. When let out it will be very soft and easily handled. Another very good preparation is to get an ounce of quince seeds, put in a quart of water and let simmer for twenty minutes, then strain, bottle, add a little scent and it is ready for use. This preparation is 6aid to keep the hair in curl in the warmest weather. The white of an egg is also good for this purpose. A thin solution of isinglass is liked by some to keep tho hair in curl. Any of the above recipes are good if lued correctly. Boston Budget. Infants' toys 6hould be systematically cleansed. The child beslavers the imple ment several times a day, and leaves saliva in tho rattld or whatever as a culture tnxl of bacteria. This condition of things goes on till tho toy is a magazine of animal poisons, to contaminate and recontaminate the inno cent victim of thoughtless inattention. Short, light, straight bangs, or the hair turned straight back, is the nicest manner for a woman to wear her hair about the house, for any kind of crimps soon become a wreck and present the appearance of un kempt hair, than which nothing presents a moro slovenly ciTecL Women who must do a certain amount of cooking are always much troubled lest working over the stove shall injure their complexions. Washing the face in hot water and then dashing very cold water on it subdues the flush perhaps as quickly as anything. I A working woman, whether she work at home or abroad, will gain time and energy for her work, youth and a peaceful expression in her face if she will seek perfect rest and quiet two or three times during the day. ' I Give buffalo bugs just what they want, some old, soiled, wornout clothing. Deposit pieces in the corners and on the floors of c-losota The bugs will soon find them, then gather and burn all together. In this way I cleared a house that was uuested. Oil of i-iniwmmi will cause tha disappear ance of warts, however hard and large they ma by. There will be no pain. LEARNING TO THINK. "PLAIN Lit ING AND HIGH THINKING" FOR THE FAIR SEX. A Woman's Ideas Concerning the lie velopment of Dliod and Character A Whole Sermon In Ilrief When the Mil Ivnnlum May lie Inspected. "Plain living and high thinking." That was Emerson's motto, wasn't it? How many women realize thut they exactly reverse this motto; or, worse yet, make it, "High living and no thinking f Of course, I mean by "thinking"' real thought upon the serious ef fairs of tiio day, tho duties of women women, the development cf mind and char acter, both in themselves and their children. As society is composed of men and women, women's thought and character are valuable to it; and they are valuable to it, In any broad sense, iu exact projiortion ns they aro distinctively womanly. Let women train themselves, then, to grow up into tho full stature of womanhood. The exigencies of life demand that sho bo trained to eaiul, oil all vital questions and lessons of huirinity, firm, self ioiscd and self supporting. How shall a woman d this if her whole force of mind be given to getting herself up iu tbi latest approved mode, if laco hats aro to her thinking of far greater interest than tho tariff question, if tho matter of Air.crcaa public! schools and tho issues deriving from them stand second to tho question whether bu ties aro really going out of style, if new books and healthful reading must lw dis pensed with iu order to get something to wear, which very likely is not nepi'ci ' whoso only raison d'cli-j i., ll.ui uicy-'are all wearing it, if keeping tho hands white and soft uud doing tl cm up in all sorts of pastes and lotions for hours every day is of more consequence than employing them in sonio form of honest labor which shall help somebody or something and tend to brighten up some corner of tho world generally. Now, a woman need not bo a guy. A woman who thinks uud reads and talks in telligently need not, of necessity, transform herself by negligence, jierhups into that lightly e-tve med iiersonago commonly desig nated as a "frump." Sho ina v consider w hat is iHJooming to her stylo of beauty or hick of it, and keeping within the bounds of fash ion not way behind it dress within her means, and still havo time to read and think. -Moro than that, sho may plan uud make her own wardrobo without having her mind en tirely absorbed in it; or do her ovn house work, if need l, and not l entirely given over to tho cares of tho world or the diist of housekeeping. 8o many women aro straining for a piano of high living which they cannot auord. 1 havo known women who would deny them selves the comforts of lifo in order to have tho show y luxuries. There is a home not ten miles from Boston which is over l.0 years old. It is filled with old furniture, qu.-iint doviccs, and tho air of old associations. A Commonwealth avenue lady visited it ro ceutly and went into raptures over it. On coming away she said: "Now, coma and see mo soon. I havo an elegant house and quan tities of expensivo things. But I can't show you anything liko your own house. Miuo is a display of tho most elegant uphoh.tcrer's wares in tho city, but that is all." There was a whole ecrmou m tho lady's modest disclaimer. And if tho woman who cannot afford rich furniture would remember that her house, with it3 plain, unpretentious furnishings, but bright, social, "homey" nir, is infinitely more prcfcrablo t: her "neigh bor's costly stiff plush chairs, velvet carjcts and lack of refinement, sho w uld ;o much happier, and stop contriving how sho may secure those things. And if sho would bo content with becoming, lady like, inexpensive clothes, when she can't afford better, and spend an occasional dollar on sor.iu book that is really worth one's while, f.he would bo not only happier but wiser. It is important, so long as women continue to be, as is everywhere conceded, tho "finei portion of humanity," that they make themselves attractive, but that is a term and a qualitj- that pertains to tho mind as well as to tho body. Women should remember that; and "with all their getting, get wis dom." Wlien tho average woman comes to believe that an unformed mind is as much a blemish as a muddy complexion ; that lack of tasto in good literature is as much a de ficiency as the absence cf half a dozen even ing dresses in tho wardrobe; that iguorauco of the world's progress is more deplorable than freckles, or a figure which is not an ex act model of a dressmaker's '"form;" that the attitude she takes on tho topics of tho time and the training of her children is of infin itely more consequence hau "parlor sets" and laco bed hangings, then he will know what to do with tho ballot when she gets ir. And then the millennium may be expected. Helen M. Winslow in Boston GIoIks. A Train Worth IUdius n. There is one train on the Central road, however, which, though his heart has yearned to rido on, has never taken Chauncey M. Depew. That is a mysterious train". Its coining aud going no man knows except the superintendent. It flits hither and thither like a specter. One day it is in Buffalo and the next in tho remote and desolate corner of tho state where Chatham lies. You will sec it moving mysteriously out of tho yard in the dawn and a, noon the telegraph reports it at Niagara FaHs. All trains on the road give it precedence, it picks its way in aud out between other trains during the day aud nt night Hashes here and there like a firefly of a summer evening. It goes as if the speed of thought were in its limbs, and its mysterious passeugera dart thus about in no sportive humor, but with great cares upon their shoul ders, great pistols in their pockets, and the keys to sf cI safes in their possession. This mysterious traiu I the pay car of tho great Central system. It has had more nar row escapes than any train on tho road. It makes it owa time- table, and it goes between stations sometimes with a rapidity which the old Commodore never experienced. The engineer has the brain of a mathematician, and the J ny stories of a thousand local time tables are as clear to him as logsa-itWiS to rrofessor Nowcomb. Tho paymaster-; keep one ear open for the dire tooting of the figral of danger, and when it comes they brace their feet against anything which will steady them and await a shock, and sometimes thc-y get it. Once it threw tho clerks tl-o whole length of the car, as thc-gh they had 1 en shot from a cannon, and they voudiroJ if they were alive. Thcro aro suggest: jzis of robbers of ner vo and brains ever prosea, and tho clerks are ready for them if they come. To prevent the possibility of maliciously tampering with the track the coming and gc iug of tho train is a secret whereof no uaa save one has the key. 2Cow, this is tho train that Jlr. Depew de sires ia his heart to spend a night and day upon. As ho once said to the writer, "It would bo un experience in railroading that would make life worth tho living." Now York Evening Sun. Old Lady (to street gamin) You don't chew tobacco, do you, little boy ? LittU Boy N;m; but I kin gi.te ycra cigarette. New York Sua. The Plattsmouth Herald Is enjoying a DAILT AND WEE2" EDITIONS. mi n HUMS Will le one (luring which the subjects f national interest ami importance will he strongly agitated anil the election of a President will take place, 'lhe people of Cass Countv who would like to learn of Political, Commercial and Social -of this year find would keep apace with the times should FOU Daily o-r Weekly Herald. Now while we have the subject before the people we will venture to speak ot our Which is first-class in all respects ami from which our job printers are turning out much satisfactory work. rLATTSMOTJTIT, Bodmin both, its Year 1888 Transactions KITH Kit TIIK m MM UVJUd NEBRASKA.