The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19??, May 23, 1888, Image 3

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    V31E DAILY IIERALD, Tl.A rrMXioui rt, wrfiiKASKA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 23. 1SS8.
Fo-!r an. I Kr1iolntlo IMa'Inctlnna Klldly
i:nfur4'd Vigorous Discipline Main
tained I'ollt0ii-B4 Toward Tturhrr
1 hu M ltd u an AaaUlant Murka.
.. IM vale schools aro but few la Germany
rompnreij to their number in this country.
and i:nt parents tend their children to
' tlo government ftchooln These ore
divide.! into various kinds, according to
the studies and to tho social conditions of
tho htudents gymnasia, attended by boys
who jrojjso pursuing classic studies; real
school, devoted to mathematics and eco
nomical studieH rather than to classics
(th" word "Teal studien" means essential.
economical or poly technical tt udics); higher
burger Kcltitold (citizens' bchools). whero
the prices for attendance are even smaller
than tho very modest ones paid In the two
first named; lower burger schools, for nous
of still less wealthy poople; and, at last.
f reo schools, whoso students pay nothing.
Tho girls have higher daughter schools.
whero tho instruction and prices aro high
est, though tho latter aro very moderate.
indeed. Next in rank ' are tho plain
daughter schools; while such young
ladies ns cannot pay any school money at
all attend, liko their brothers, thosd
anomalously called fruo schools.
1 ou see. there is a most orthodox dis
tinction between "higher daughters" and
the girls who must bo satisfied with being
daughters without tho adjective. Uhoro
being but a slight dilTercnco between tlje
fcxlciil and iiumkr of studies taught in
cither kind of school, it is plain that too
distinct iou uiailo is caused by social pro
ji:.!io The students of the gymnasia aid
never at peace, witu moso or tne real
R.-hooIs. but admit them to bo their equals.
They treat the b'ys of the burger schools
vith contempt, and this without going
Into tho details of higher or lower, hut
for a to wsJk with or tall; to a
ly of a f:- e school, or to liavo anything
iooo with him. except lighting, would bo
considers! Ly parents, teachers and com
panions r.s uiiljccoming and offensively
low conduct Tho girls, too, havo pro
nounced opinions as to the proper sphoro
lor a "higher daughter" or for a lower"
one. or for 0110 who is neither higher nor
Iowit. but so veodingly pxr as to be
called "UviS. " Free from piido and pro
judice, 1 siippo.ii
A tierm.jn boy enters the lowest clas3
of tho g luna.siuni, culled "Sexta." when
J.o .-; about S ycaj-J of ago. Tho next class
is calk-d J;iinta." then Quarta." "Tcr
tia." -.S.-.-uiida" and 'Prima." When ho
las toiled through all of these ho tries to
pass tho 'cry ditlicult "Abiturieuteu ex
amc:i " le has now an exclusive aiid
thorough education, and may enter n uni
versity If he has successfully passed ths
c.a:n: nation ho is thon allowed to lecomo
a soldier Th it is to say, he would havo
to join the army iiiyvi'. but when bchaj
a'.Ui'd d the gyaiJiiium or rual srhcyl up
J' cui!l.i. ' he ?n'.crs tho ranks as a
'vo!uri!i-er. ' Viiig mLy compelled to serve
d iri:i - oi: fetr. ml in Germany tp ba
f..:-ce-j to o i s.j'.J:er fr no longer than
o::e yctr -!i iv bo :onsidered equal to volun
Jt eri:; g :n my lh-r country
i;i ;o':os discipline.
I have m.'ii' "he rigorous discipline
of (iemian choo3 This lisciplinecan bo
li-aiiit am .! only by the co operation of Ai3
jari.:s wttn :l:9 teachers A we'll r?gu
i.iic.I s'.-a-;u: if retard and punishment,
v. ith a ..Mvefnl surveillance, holiLj the boys
fii-'ur -octroi If i parent does not agrje
vith some of the severe penalties iufljjic-d
j jx'ii tho boy his son is apt tp be expelled
or fear of his undermining the discipline
1-Vhooi begins about 7 a. in At five mir.
utes past that hour tho doors are clos-cd
B::d those who aro late are not admitted,
but punished tho next day The boys
await their teachers in their respective
class rooms When the teacher enters
fchvy uU rirfo 43 one Ley and never 'think
of sitting down before tho teacher motions
them to do so When ho leaves they go
through the same ceremony. When a boy
is askeJ a question Le rises Rod remaiu
Ftanding until he is through. No student
dare to omit lifting his cap when meeting
eny teacher of the school on the street.
The teachers of all classes up to Tertia"
Vro furnished with a reed or switch, which
Js a cheap and ever reiidy assistant.' " A
refractory boy s ordered to stretch his
fcand out. the paluj upward, an.d before h?
knows it he has got such a whack as will
iwat an entire Iitin ertraanr at onca into
bis head
It is not invariably through tiio hand,
however, that science and litcraturo aro
1:1:1. le to enter a boy's brain. Some teach
ers consider tho ears to bo the best me
dium while others give preference to the
Los s' b:-.i ks as presenting tho broadest
e:nf.n'o Ia;l marks aro given as the
lightest punlsLnjcitt, with tLii silent tm
d'rs!:i:'.iir.g that two cf theni bo equal to
one ti n: -Lin-; When a boy !s kept (n
after s!.r:;time his parents aro ct once
uotified of the fact. Not unfrequently s
parent gets a notice that his son is to stay
at not for a number cf
hours, but of days. Fvery school lias a
jail. ca!lcd " Career." Flora one to eight
or more day 3 of school prison is a punish
jjent foi graver oienses. If incuiTed j-o-
iH-atedly. the bey is expelled This pun
ishment deprives him from being-admitted
to any other public scbocl throne, hont thu
country While in tho school jail tho boy
to pay for his board, lie is t!:r-n in
charge of the porter or "custos" of tho
school. J'hiladelphia Times.
Women Who Sell Newspapers.
The numbor of grown women who sell
newspapers on tho streets i3 constantly
Increesirg. and tcday ihe:;e aro eight of
iJieni. between SO and 50 years of age,
vending papers at the big bridge entrance
cud tho immediate neighborhood. Some
of them aro assisted by Iittlo sons cu4
dangbtera. and ono La3 a buxom girl of 17
pr 1", uLoso raven hair and ruddy cl;eek3
f.t tract a great deal if not always respt-
ful attention There Is not much chiva!
In tho newsboys who do not hesitate to
pir.b a m.-.!i or hazs a boy who ir.triiiios.oa
t!.ir post; but they do not interfere with
tl.v e women, uo matter how many cut up
their busdueaa. ftew York Sun.
Cborn n1 Charnlnf.
Churning is a process that, almost tnore
than any other in butter making, depends
for being well donoon the Implement used.
Points of merit in a churn are: First.
Tho agitation should bo of such a char
acter that the cream is churned by cou
cussion rather than friction. One would
sup-:jso that tho fat clobule. protected
for tho tluio being In a liquid, would stand
agitation of any sort; but when we re
member that ono churn will bring the
butter in live minutes, which would not
como ii thirty minutes in another churn,
wo can conceive of it being possible to
over agitato cream In churning. What
ever may bo tho effect at the beginning of
churning, it is without question that when
cream begins to ''break" and butter to
form, tho character of the agitation
mity bo such as to injure the grain of tho
butter. It is tho experience of butter
makers that bo mo churns destroy the grain
and make tho butter greasy. Another
question is settled. It is not tho slow
churns which injure the grain of butter,
but the quick churns. The slow churns
are the churns without inside fixtures
the quick churns are the churns with
Second. A churn should give its con
tents uniform agitation. Tho cream should
bo churned all aliko and tho butter come
as near as possible at the same time.
This is Important for quantity as well as
quality of butter. When all "tho cream is
agitated aliko. moro of tho cream is
churned without some of it being over
churned. When butter all comes at tho
samo time thero is less waste of butter in
buttermilk in draining or washing. The
churn which meets this condition, is, in
tho opinion of many, a churn without
Easo of working is a very important es
sential in a churn. It was the hard work
of churning that brought into favor the
quick churns that have spoiled so much
uuiier. 11.0 inovauie uoay cnurns are
I . . A A. fT 1 . lt t
doubtless tho easier churns to work of tho
two classes. Amaiijr theso tho revolving-
churn, if rightly constructed, is easier
than tho oscillatinir churn, esneciallv for
v - - o
large quantities.
Ventilation is essential in a chnrn.
When cream is first subjected to agita
tion, especially if it bo at all sour, it
evolves gas. This gas should bo allowed
to escape; both for sake of easy churning
and quality of butter. With the old dash
mm tho ventilation was easy through
a iooso and open cover. The revolving
mm. which bears off tho palm in per-
.i:tis all ottier resnects. is tho weakest of
I at this point. To prevent loss of
cream it must needs bo well closed un.
It is necessary, when usinrr a revolving
inrn, when not otherwise provided for.
to stop occasionally, pull out tho stopn'o
or plug and let tho gas eacape. This is
dono frequently in tho beginning of the
process. Afterward it is not so necessary.
Some churns havo patented arrangements
for this purpoe.
Children In a Hotel.
Children in bote or boarding house are
liko wild birds in a caire. deprived of their
ight to fly and swoop and skim the air
and to swell their throats almost tpbur6t.-
with unchecked song. Tho wild bird
li-oops and mopws and mournfully
ers, instead of smging. and grows dis
heveled and dirty and unlovely, and the
aged child grows weedy and pallid and
oustraincd in its movements and pert and
assured in its manners, and before it is
adolescent it is a little wor'C.'
kin. blase of aii amusements, supercilious
to those not so wealthy or so well dressed
or so fashionable as its parents and their
friends, cynical and agnostic in all its
views. Mrs. Frank Leslio in ft'.,;'.uueiphia
Gorman I'niTersities.
Twenty-six thousand nine hundred and
forty -five students have attended the
twenty universities of Germany during
tho winter session which has just closed.
At lierlin there were 5,478, at Munic!
.414. and at Lelpsic 3.283- Itym s
seventh. Uh 1.1 Id 'students,, and Ileidej
bcrg is only thirteenth, with 832. (tostocU
comes last, with 340. Only 1.644 of the
students were foreigners. Of the whole,
8,73 students belong to the philosophical
faculty, G.G.")0 to the medical, 5.791 to the
theological, and 5.7G9 to the juristic.
A novel design was showii 'to a reporter
by a manufacturer, which took the form
of a skull mounted upon the top of a stout
pin arid connected therewith, by a fine gold
chain The wearer, by gently puliing"tliQ
chain, cause3 the lower jjaW p.f the skull
to drop, while Ikq small diamond oyc-a
fall into the sockets, thus giving the ob
server an inclination to feel uneasy by Its
ghastly appearance These pins are ex
pensive, the price depeuding entirely upon
the size of tho diamond used. New York
Mail and l:vpres. - ,! "
Washington Correspondents.
The correspondents, as a rule, are high
toned gentlemen, nnd g crruptiani.
v.-oui J suoiic-r thick of approaching a con
gressman with bribes than thcai. Many
cf them receive salaries as large as those
of the cong:-essmen. and tho only great
diiToronjc in the two positions is that tho
con-c sjionJont i here as long as he does
go.Kl work, and the congressman's head
goes off. as it rulo, at the end cf twij or
four vear.
Tho trade in birds for women's hats was
sa enormous - last year that a single Lon
don dealer admitted that he sold 2,000.0
of snail birds cf every kmu and color
At one auction in one. Week there wero
sold G.OQ0 birds of pnradise, 5.000 Impeyau
pkcasruits. 400,000 humming birds, and
oilier birds from North and South Amer
ica, ar.J C00.000 feathered skins from
You will sometimes see a man planting
trees around his plaeo for tho shade; and.
at the same time, you will see another
catting down all tho trees around his
houso because they produce too much
A Iittlo boy was told that there were no
Iolities in hcave:x. lie thought for a mo
men t. aad then said: "I guess that's be-cau.-e
there aro no jliticiaas thare,"
V -- V
Uarper s Barar.
It Is Rare That a KpeelulUt Find a
J'crfeot tj-How tba ICycs .Should lia
Looked After Itatlilng the Eyes Cou
tuglous Disease.
It seldom happens that a New York
street car makes a trip from its 6table to
tho terminus of its route without carry
ing at leust ono person under 40 years' of
age who wears glasses at least when he
reads. This will irive the uninitiated
some idea of the prevalence of impaired
eyesight. In a cafe near Madison smare
the othcrevening a reporter counted eight
spectacled young men out of twelve sit
ting at five tables in one end of tho room
With a view of learning tho cause of this
widespread weakness in the visual organs
of tho young men of this generation, the
reporter sought Dr. George S. Norton, of
the New York Ophthalmic college, a well
known authority upon that subject of
medical practice.
"It is rare that a specialist finds a per
feet eye," ho said. "In nearly every in
stance some defect is found. The most
common complaints are myopia and hyper
njytropia. or near and far sightedncss. as
they aro commonly called. The former is
increasing, but the latter is not. although
the latter is far more prevalent just at
present. Tho care of the eyes is far more
important than most men realize. The
Improper use of eyes which are weak re
sults ba a variety of complaints. It often
causes headaches, depression and some
times nervous prostration. These can
generally bo remedied if not cured by the
use of glasses. In the purchase of glasses
the sufferer cannot be too caref uL Tho
use of glasses that are improperly ad
justed to the eye is oftentimes more in
jurious than helpfuL Another common
complaint is called astigmatism, which
consists of the irregular curvature of the
cornea. . In such cases ono part of tho eye
may be myopic while tho other is hyper
mytroplc. To avoid this, glasses must be
used with lenses specially ground for the
"How should the eyes bo taken care of?"
"That depends entirely upon circum
stances. Lach man's eves differ from
those of his fellow. No two pairs are
alike. Here aro a few simple directions
in cases of accident which wouU be well
follow. Wh,en a cinder or any foreign
substance gets into tho eye, never rub the
eyo. Wait a moment, then gently open
and close tho lid; tho tears which follow
this operation will usually wash out the in
trudlug substance. However, sl;Qi!d it
refuse to go. turn up tho lid under which
tho substance is and remove it with a soft
handkerchief. If tho substaneo W-oines
imbedded in the comer, or eve ha II, go to
a physician uanieaiatery. in, bathing the
eyes it makes no material diffcreuco. as
has been alleged, whether vhey are rubbed
toward the p.p8d or f rem it. It is inin
dicions.. however, to allow water to enter
the eye, as this act may engender disease
It should, never be allowed except under
skijlod advice. Do not uso tho eyes after
they are tired. They should bo rested, if
only for a moment. Avoid the use of the
eyes while traveling in a niilway carriage
or in a poor light- Da tic.t wci; with the
iiead beuy ic,w. Uto a sloping desk when
wiiung Never allow the light to shine
in your eyes while working; let it come
over the left shoulder, if possible. If this
cannot be accomplished wyrr , tuade.
Avoid tua ua p colored glasses unless
under competent advice, except when ex
posed to bright light, such as the glare of
the sun upon snow or water. TUuii they
may b,p usd with, great benefit. London
smoked glasses, or blue, are the only
colors that should be worn under thess
circumstances Avoid a book,
when reading, top near tho eye., as the
nearer it $ held the' greater the strain
On the o.ther hand, do not hold It far
away, as then, the strain is even greater
Contagion is the most fertile cause of the
spread of external diseases, especially
granular lids This is most generally the
case in public institutions, where children
live and sleep together, and oftcr, wash
themselves ba the jrj? water, ' isolation
i? tjia ouiy known method for preventing
the spread of this disease. A normal eye
should be perfectly strong and not become
easily fired. It sbonld not require the
use of glasses ujtil the age of 4Q or 4." has
lfn reached. Py hf "use of proper glasses
iey shou'j rpmain. strp.n indefiiiltsly
A far sighted p;an inquires glasses for
reading much earlier than a man who is
near sighted. When a person does not
need glasses for reading at 50 years of
age it proves conclusively that he tnrst
have been near sighted n Lis youth.
Ner y&ik aiall and 'Express.
An Ancient Mariner.
British residents in Japan are suhserily
Lng for the repair of the (jyavo of Will
44ama, a British sailor, who was thip
wrecked in Japan in the reign of James 1,
and who lived for many years at the Court
of Yedo, where he obtained extraordinary
influence. His grave was discovered some
years ago on the summit of one cf t!.o
hills overlooking tho government" arsenal
at Yokosuka, pear Yokohama.
Rasa Itonlipqr,
Bqsa Bcin.h9Ur to atreefs of Tap1- a
a large elderly Ja4y- !ner plainly
wv m - tier gray hair tucked
uuuer a close bonnet. tears aro she
dressed as a boy so as to attract less at
tention from the hangers on of tho
stables, cattle yards and menageries,
which were visited chiefly by men, and
she still wears male attire at home when
at work.
Domestic A(T.irH.
Robinson You seem troubled this
morning. Brown, and out of sorts.
Brown Yes. domestic affairs.
Robinson How much do you owe her?
Brown Owo her, owe who?
Robinson Your cook. New York Sun.
Good people die and bad people live.
The man who is fat with health can't get
employment, and the man who is making
Mnnor rmnrl nror fie lo? r! I,,,,.;. I
J w . u.iw t,. l lUJ I
ness oa account of ill health. 1
What It Twkes to KatUfr the Apprt.tes
of Ocfun Kleumahip Iarit:era.
There came in over that gangplank
last year," said the stc.vard of one of the
popular big tranentlantic etoamfdiips tho
other day, 'M.CoO sheep. 2.474 oxen. 1. 80
Lambs. 4.230 ducks. 2.200 turkeys. 2.000
geese and a good many hundred calves,
quail, chicken and grouse."
"What did you do with them throw
them overlxjard ?"
"Ate 'em. " was the reply. "My lan
guage is a little figurative perlmps. but
como and look at my Uxk3 und be con
vinced. I tell 3011 people who 'go down
to the son in fchips,' or those of them at
least who travel by 1 In big tiaii.;at Untie
liners, accept with complacency and as a
matter of o.iirso the 1 1 fiiiements, con
veniences and luxuries found on board
from day to day. and fail to grasp, in
most cases, tho extent of the udvaneu
which has been made in tho last twenty
five years in catering to their wants, as
well as overlook the intricate machinery
which is required to be constantly and
quietly in motion for the maintenance of
order and regularity. They havo little
idea of the vastness and variety of the
stores necessary for the 6hip herself and
her crew, and also of that more varied
and quite as astonishingly big supply of
fish, flesh, fowl, vegetables, fruit and
liquor, now considered indispensable for
tho crowd of passengers the good ship
carries, whose insatiable sea apa tites are
at once the tourists' joy and the btew
ard's despair.
"That sad pr.5rr.-a.irsn of
animals 1 pictured to you, did not really
come uboard in the flesh that is to cay
1 mean alive, nor all at once, but w'e
consumed here over 2,000.000 pounds of
meat in the lust twelve months, which
represents, as you will see by looking at
these columns, the number of carcasses 1
mentioned. Meat is the chief item, of
course, but man does not live by meat
alone, and last year our passengers ale a
ton of mustard, three-quarters of a ton
of pepper. 7.314 bottles of pickles, about
500 tons of flour, about D00 tons of pota
toes, more than 50,000 loaves of bread
and twenty tons of biscuits.
"Those are the necessaries of life, now
for the luxuries they make a pretty
good showing, too. Look here: 5.000
jars jams of all kinds, a dozen tons of
marmalade the J itler taste of mai nsa
11; I.
lauo is never so wen appreciated as
recovery from seasickness twenty t
raisins, currants, figs, datea. 4to.; thou
sands of crates of graphs, peaches, ap
ples, orungos, bananas and other f",.v,
fruits. That's a pretty good ILo ut soji.j ;
isn't it? Everybody .-;s Jf Ctm,
while everybody d-n l (Jrink or SI11,,kCi
yet the dnul-l3 kl.f.,, Lip en,i ol ,.,e
b:ilaiit. hiicet fairly well. S.e this
In one year they drank 1.1.000 quarts
of champagne, the same of claret and
other light wines. 17",000 liotlks min
eral waters. ."5.000 Ik.uIcs of spirits, and
the thumping total of half a million bot
tles of ale, U-er and fiorter. While ail
this is going down. 7.J.000 cigars and
50,000 cigarettes are going up. besidi.-s
what the gentlemen bring with them.
We also consume about To.OOO ounds of
chewing tobacco, of which the crew find
the steerage use the greater part. Then
here is 21.000 pounds tea, and 70.000
pounds coffee, with r,o end of condensed
milk and almost ."00,000 pounds of sugar
to sweeten it. Fresh fish in shoals, sar
dines in banks, and more than three
quarters of a million of eggs, cooked in
every conceivable style, round the list out
in a satisfactory manner and give von
some idea of the duties and Fefpoii-ibiii-
ties of tho head steward of a ship lii;o
liiis. Acw York tribune.
Wretched Kng
"Such wrctche.
our newspniicrs!'
Usli in Newspapers.
' English ns we get in
exclaimed a certain
Chicago clergyman not long since.
"There is no polish in the work. It is
clumsily done. Words are badly climen,
shades of meaning are tost in bungling
conqiosition, and sometimes there are
grammatical errors. I don't see why our
newspapers cannot be better written. "
One night last week this clergyman
happened to be in a newspaper ofiico.
Near where he ttood talking with one r f
the editors of tho papers was a report er
writing. On the desk in front ci' 'urns
lay hi3 watch opn. Vih one hand the
young raivA 'was moving a pencil at an
amazing 'speed, and with the other was j
manipulating a cigarette with that skill
, i 1 .
aim caae 1111.1 1 omjr come u iung experi
ence. The clergyman's curiosity was roused.
"Why the watch?" he inquired.. "Oh."
replied tho editor, "the young man hns
just come iu fronx his assignments, lie
has len busy ail afternoon and early in
the evening gathering information con
cerning a matter of considerable public
interest. lie has been doing som li vel y
bustling, and is probnbi tired. lie is
also hungry, 'out iiis superior has told
Wiiii i'iiat'he is to have his copy finished
at a certain hour. In two hours he imjst
write a column and a half. Tiiftt U w!:?
he has his watch out. He is timing hiiil
seif. If he finds he is failing behind ho
will work all the harder to catch up.
That 13 the way newspapers are made.
Would you like to write your -sertBdrDi in
that fashion, and theit have somebody g:
ever your wcii -at Tiis leisure and ct -t i-
ce your style and your
woids'r" ChiWo TriVune."
choice, of
Dwelling tipas la Jaria.
Japanese houses ro tov- a 6izo .rij
toys in constructl:, xesfaz on corner
Bet -u laro;e rocks, tliat they may and 6way with earthquakes. t-.A
held in place and made stable Ly tho
heavy roofs of mud and tiles. The oidy
way of stemming a fire is to tear down
the houses in advance of the flames, and
it is done as easily as a child knocks over
a bouse of Llocks or cards. A rope is
fastened to one of the upright corner
posts, the crowd gires one pull, and thcro
is a crash and a cloud of dust as the sheli
of mud and tiles falls upon the ruins ot
the flimsy dwelling. A thatched roof or
a shingle roof drops quite as easily. Tho
ordinary bouse or shop in the town sel
dom exceeds twelve feet in frontage, and
if there is a second 6tory it i3 quite as
much in miniature and the roof not mora
than fifteen feet from the ground. It
sounds frightful to hear of 500 or 1,000
houses being burned in a night, hut with
these bliputian dwellings and their mi
croscopic landscape gardens back of
them, ihe area need not be more than
that of two or four Bmall ritv blrvka.
J '
Vokohama Cor. Globe-Democrat,
Unless you want to know
AVi: are now ollVrintj Special IVicck in-
And llie nn.t we pi iule oin
Ladies' f land -
At their Present Low Prices. Lmlies looking lor such a
Shoe shouM not fail to call on
I fs P r 211 Q 111
1 Hi 0 1 Qilu
2ir o.
Will he one durin
national iiileresc u
stronulv airitatel
l'resident will take
Cass ( -ount v who
Political, Commercial
and Social Transactions
of this year and would keep apace with
the times should
:"oi: !:i
or Weekly Herald.
Now while wo have
people we will venture
ff a i II
PI U S !M IA ETl fi ZTK frzi 1 1 Kr lit I I
n ;
111 -aW c-:l-y:5T. 1
Which is iirst-class in all respects and
from which our joh printers are turning
out much satisfactory work.
where to et ihe licet "Ouhh
seh -s on is our exrelh'iit line of
Turnetl Shoes
23oo22i in bath, its
33 WjPv
1 Ci
f? ''fc)
'X which the suhjects of
iul importance will he
and the election of a
'i he people oi
like to learn of
iui;i: 'iiu;
the pu!
Pit meet belore t in
to f-jeak ot our
: .13 - ii- -s