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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1888)
OE DAILY 1- llJ'yjK:, ' uiifABKATSAlb..
m A r 12. 16S8.
. ...2 EVO
. .-h Mm of .War Lcada
..c-vrlnpmatit of m New . Race.
..Svaiitngc of C initiation Without
Attendant Vine. t
. he ship IVninty, Dec. 23, 1787, nailed from
;!lnvail, llnglrind, bound for the South Sea.
'he ship wan under a commission f rom the
British u'liiiirulty to iit the Society and
thcr i-damM and collect a mmilier of the
iread fruit pluufci, which were to le taken to
r-rtuiu of the British West Indies fur the
r-oso of Mocking thoe island. Tb ves-
l utarted on her homeward voyage with
cut. Bligli in command. He was of an tin-
; t liy overbearing and insult ing disposition.
j accused Fletcher 'Christian, the niato,
li Having stolen some ccx-oanuis wuic n no
d lought at Otahcite, gno of the islands
icy had visited. Christian determined to
t a way from the ship, and wan infonnod
by the lnVatswaiu tliat the crew were ready to
tiny. llo surpriw-d the captain in his
berth, made a prisoner of him and took pot
& s'ionof the ship. The captain nndc-ighteen
of hi:. otli't-i-H mid men wore then Ket adrift
in an ojit-u I h .at.
Chrhtim, with tho twenty-four others
who had i-'-maiiied in tho hhip, steered for the
rVjciety Island, ami sixteen of them finally
iltci l. d to ivmiiiri at Otahcite, while Christ
ian unci tho iv-L, taking with them twelve
0!.iin il' un women and sevn men, set sad in
the. -hip for any place tliut chance might take
them. Nothing wis ln-:ud of Christian and
thosf who had gone on the IJoiinty for twenty
years. At the end of that time an American
hhip, h ipp nii:g to touch at I'itcairn's I.dnnd,
found tin re i.n Englishman called Alexander
:i i 1 1 1 iliis i i s it w:is aflt-ward changed to
John Ad. hum, who said he was tho sole sur
vivor ! lim-e ho had sailed on tho ISounty.
Chii-l i.ni, thinking tho island a plaeo
where ihei-f ii:ild le littl chance of their
I m : i . ;4 i!i i n', i re.l, h;id landed there anil
burm I t'n' - Things went smoothly for
t u . . cir .., w l' ii one of t he men, having lost
wii'-, i!i i-Ii.l on taking one of the Ota
li. it.-n-i nun's. The llaheiteans rebelled and
ki'Yd tin. of the whites. Tim rest of the
whiles, v. tin- aid of the women, then
1 i'.U il vl the itaheitcari m.-ii. Only four
iii' n v. ii- ii. .v l.-lt on thu inland. Ono of
t h--.-!!'' I'd in making an intoxicatin;
Ii (ii. r and !rai:iv himself to d'-rith, another
:;' wiisc i-,i! i-l I y his companions, and a
third ilied of C".l' Illllptioll.
Adams, ii. .wan old man, liecame at Inst
with the iv.-onM?iility resting
11 .1 hi h i in i 'f !
w-If an I his
i.liing t !; iii -s vinln iits of liim-
..'nj.aiiioiis the 1 rut lis i-f the
.i:'t u.i-i :i Hi' nicl community.
:.i.it:::its moved to Norfolk H-
;t;!i!. t.i:t in 1 a p;:i t of them returned tj
J'Ili aim. This c Imy has since leen remark
ill. lc for th" purity in which it Uoa retained
the principles inculcated ly tho jatriarchal
tho years lt'A) and 1SS0 a number
of .ships calli-d at tho island. In lVCl the
Am'-ri'-an ship Harry -Mills visited th'j place,
mi l o'.w of the iiiha!.ranfs, named JIc(.'oy,
ceoiiipa;ii.'d the shii to Liverjool. Jll t l;C
Kim" 3'e.ir ;;.'i-tlu-r American ship, the
IVaudi -rin.; Jev, t.ipitl at the island and u
ic.oiir.; 'a; i. Ta!ey, the c;l'miander, took
with l i'ii :;i!nther ono of the inhahitan!
This was l':inu-.-t I ley wood Christian, tho
j,reat ;;ra:id . n -i " tcher Christian. Uuril
Lis .-.n h al at Hull, Enhi!!'!, liirnest Chris
tian had n-c r seen a house, u horsa, fr any
U .idrujMi!. U ii delight and astonishment
when he Urst saw n Kteuiij engine ad train
Were lail- und.sL On his ani.i! Christian
v.;:. tr. :i: d iih jpvateot kindness, n.id
vh-!i he 1 i i K;i,!a!id t-x)k with him many
Val!l::l'i: J ! - ins for tho islanders.
C!ii :. i :.:n t at threo years on tho Lip,
vLiitin"- .:tn 1'jiiicU o, and yoins completely
uroimd the world t-eforo ho returnol to his
island home On h- r secoiiJ visit to l'it-airn
riis. T:iii v La i with her a young Iviivrliah
t-i-l IT vrar Jd. Sho was the youner.t
rsoa v. ho had ev-- yisiien iuu isunu. uuu
y;i at w as he interest ana jwiuuruiiou sne
txi itetlmiionv; the pirls of her owjj ae.
On,- i:t p u tieuhu-, Miss Emily McCoy, kept
el-. to her all the time, u;Jiiig lier all nam
j.er of pa tions about the outside world.
'Vim mv tk;; lirst gill of my own c?,
Oiu d.li' of this island, tbt I Lave ever seen,"
tli" said. "Tell me all you can. What do
In rsU cars look lik? And tho churcbec-do
Vou hav; people enough to fill them?"
Am-m the i.daiid women who visited the
iiip on this Kv.;ision was Miss Rosalind
"Yo".:tv. o-.o of the KKt attractive and enter
priMiigou t lie island. the was at this time
i.bo'it'i; year.- o!il. had never had a shoe on
her fo'tswaiahkeani, J'hiyed the organ
in th lit I ie idand church, assisted Lev father
in tea -1 ii.s ii--J "village school"' aT-1 was tae
1,:i.1it in cui-)tliii'i,' i.moii- the women on
the i.datuL iil.o lias written aij nccount of
the i-iaad for The CVnt"TV, and she told Mrs.
Yali- v that sho never hafi an idle moment.
Ai.Ht iK r e n ioas vein of modem civiliza
tion that has cropped out on the island is
tk. i'e sire for some place where onocatigct
a r.- : r.i.l c'nange from tho ordinary routino
,.f ,;,., On an isolated island only a few
ini'.o ia circumference, in midoeean, aud
uly ono village of les than
mh;d-i:a:iis, Viiinmrr resiliences
:r;.i;ii I.n hardly practicable or de
Vi t t'i-: i-c'p!oh:ivealreaaylogim
;M. a L:; i. way from the main settle
a s;::' ! stimmer colony," where the
.:ij '.." - away for a little wlnla
td l -r .-
can in t
1 m.iiv f' tircil than tliey
.. TheV havt named their
i f the i.dandors has lately
improved by the mi'iier
.;!:h and Americtn shiis.
; i ieiv-isiii;:: slowly.- In 179
LVi itiU r. Is-; J, it was IDS, of
l' v. . r. shipwnvkol sailors
thtiv. The colony consists
retreat ii 'i .-y
The con.!.. : :i
l.ecn cv.n.-iil. i---.'-n.s
visits of I .
Th' p' i ulatio..
it, vL Iti 1
v.l.i. h r.i'mlicr
v.l'u) had -t!. d
." uIk-'uI families
who live in single story
co.ta.e; form-1 "t buiiil'.n', v.ita tliatcuca
r.N.fs. Tho i-l.tii'hrs are still noU-d for their
Mrii-t r.i:,:ions conduct, grace lvi.ng said
bvforc and after ca-.-h ineal, and swearing or
i-.Tiythi: ,-' ' siiiiih.r char.utt r 1 ing tiliso
l-r.c '.V t5'i.'f.o'":i. iten any dispute arises
:g I ..i i:l Hi'
:. n.-:: arri
-tt!euieut of it is laid over
il of a man of war. when
r. :. riid t tho caj.tjun, and his Je--.
is iinal. 2e".v York l'ress.
. f.irl- 'Mlio ltitle Tricycle.
A 1 -r -it lady in Washington writes to a
fri:a l that upv.ards of l'Xl voting women
at the capital are habitual riders of tle tri
cycle. The s-tii'xthnes of the street there
makes thi- a i-.u-rime rather than a laborious
mid'ti.-i r.wt-ivr.'iv.'. Most of tho women
trievcho-j have a special costume in the na
ture of a riding habit minus tho train, Ncv
crt ht less they are a Hi,' wbil getting over
the;r ncrvottinci and tkeir s-if cnscioiuac-ss
toes to ically i :i joy the exhilarating pleas
ure. Many airU own the machines they ride,
but a Uu-ge proi-orlion of the cych is l iiv
tht n by the hour. Tbcsteady vi.i k r- piind
is p-a'.!- b.meCcial esercUe cuormoits.y
in fuct a:. I there ouht to be XiK.icv i ii
done v.i; -tever t'a-? convLtioiiS will JjciuU-
Detroit l'rve lVi-r.
IN THE SUGAR CAMP.
A SHORT CHAPTER OF WOOD LORE
What Potli and Painters Have Done fo
tho "Hugar IIoU" A rcnoajlvaola
Wiltur Ilega Vmarm to Dlflipr How Ma
pie Sugar ! Mad.
Pennsylvania farmers mannfar'
2,000,0Uii )uiuls of maple nugarer
The bidk of this is made iu t
nnd wwt of the Allegliany r
the northern and nortueaxtr"
dure a large amount of r
Poets and painter bare ia throw
ing a glamour of romance and rustic pictur
cpjoneas aljout the sugar camp, and a great
amount of sentiment is annually wasted on
them by perxons who have no doner knowl
edge of the woods in March than the poet
and painter have given them. In reality,
tho sugar bush ia a nasty, soggy place.
The sugar farmer has discovered many
curious facts about the maple and its sap.
For the sap to run freely there must bo well
mingled conditions of heat, cold and light.
A still and dry yet dense atmosphere, with a
north or west wind blowing, is the best for
s ip running. That is the weather referred to
by the farmer in his saying: "When fires
burn liest then sap runs best." When tho
ground thaws during the day and freezes at
night, und there is plenty of snow in the
woods, "sap weather" is prime. A heavy
snow storm during the sap season, followed
by a freeze nnd a thaw, will make the owner
of a fi-jgar bush happy. "A few trees will
prtwluee as much sap as a good many," is an
an anomalous saying of the sugar farmer. It
moans that trees standing close together di-
ide the aggregate flow made possible by tho
extent of soil they c over, which aggregate
would lo as great if there were half us many
trcM draining thu sjiot. Jo'ght sap, or sap
tliatruns.it night, will make more sugar
than the same quantity during tho day. Sap
contains more saccharine substance when
night either immediately lie fore or just
::ttcr a snow storm or freeze up. A treo
tapped high will give sweeter sap than ono
lapped low, but the low tap will give the
! :rger quantity. A shallow tap will fetch
from the treo a sweeter sap, and one that
u ill produce whiter and better grained sugar
i hail a deep tap, but tho deep tap will yield
tho most molasses. Kap starts just on the
soni'i side of tho tree, and runs much sweeter
than sap from tho north side, but sap will
ru:i for a long time from the north side of
the tree efter it has ceased running on the
DROP BY DROP.
As soon as the sap starts iu tho trees the
innplcs are tapped, iron spiles driven in the
holes and a covered bucket hung toeacu one.
in tho old days tho spile was un elder with
the-piih punched out, and tho receptacle for
the sap was cithei. a trough hewn out pf a
birch block or an ordinary pail. The sap
fails from the spiles drop by drop, and so
slowly that it seems as if a pailful would
never be obtained; but on the contrary tho
trees have to !o watched very closely, as the
pails till in a remarkably short time, and the
liale drops of liquid sugar will be running
over the rim of tho pail before tho stranger
would i hink t possible. As noon a a pail
tilled it is lifted from the spile and emptied
into a large larrel with a top like a big fun
m 1. This barrel is securely attached to a
s!od or wagon, and is drawn about the
Lush from tree to treo by a mild mannered
ami easy going horse, driven' by a youth es
pn iaHy selected for his patience and careful
ness, for the rounds of the camp must bo
made in a slow and cautious manner. An
upset in the bush willi a cargo of sap abai-.l
l.c.vcrs a driver in the estimation of his fel-lov.-Sj
r.nd it is a great feather ia his cap if ho
i-t-iiu-s out when the hcaso;t is over with a
clc-an record on that .-.core.
When the round! of the trees are made,
the 1.::; I ;.r;-ol is lilied with sap and is taken
to tho sugar houfo ot boiling sbe'l, There it
is emptied into vats, beneath which a steady
lire is kept burning, As t he sap boils in the
vats it js kept coustiiutly ngitated by those
having charge of that pari of the work, who
uao long handled ladles and rakes. This is
tho mot interesting part of maple sugar
making, but; it is at the same time tho most
distressing. The dam:) wood sniulderin'g
beneath the boiling vnts, aet:d upon by thfc
riotous March wind, sciuLj up dense clouds of
suffocating s)oke. Tho stirrer chokes,
freezes and burns by turns, according to tho
whim and the temperature of the wind and
tho combustible qualities of the wood in tho
lire. These discomforts, howoveri never
attend sap boiling in the northeastern coun
ties of the state, where tho sugar houses are
inclosed tnd iv.cH appvtte.
After tolling In ono vat until certain con
ditions are brought cbout, which th sugar
maker's skill detects at the proper time, tho
sap is run lulo another vat through a strainer
and then the boiling is continued. When a
proper consistency is reached in the second
vat the s.p is ready for sugaring off. A few
farmers in western Pennsylvania have their
boiling houses to equipped that the last pro
cess may be gone through with on the prem
ises, but generally the awaiting sjrup is
loaded in barrels and conveyed to the farm
houses, where the farm wires and their
daughters take charge of it and "sugar off."
It is t'laeed in huge boilers, on stoves ar
ranged for the purpose, where it boils and
bubbles aud reduces itself, uuder the skillful
manipulation and superintendence of the
The tests of tho different stage3 of the
;ynip cs it is si c. ly transformed into sugar
lire tho same today us they were the first day
maple sugar was made a spoonful cf syrup
cn a plate of snow, or dropjjed into a bowl of
cold spring or v.vll water. Tho work of su
garing off requires the greatest skill and the
most constant :ttv?nt:on. If syrup is wanted
the quick cyo of the farmers wife detects the
stage know n as: the "buckwheat"' when little
three cornered grai::s form under this test.
The syrup is then turned into earthen jugs.
When the l.-oilmg thows the advance of the
hardening stage, the hard work begins. Tho
hot, sticky mass must bo beaten and stirred
ai:d stirred and beaten, until the grains sep
arate and the sugar assuuies a fine, smooth
and whitened apjieurauce. While the 6yrup
U still in liquid form it is run into molds
end forms of all descriptions, tosuit the
fancy or convenience of tho maker, and set
awav to cooL Cor. New York Tribune.
Birvis In India.
Snipe, duck, geese, cranes of many kinds
some of them standing four feet high
storks, several species of starlings, robias,
v. iid pigeons and crows are in vast number!
throughout the land, and are very destruct
ive to the growing crops. In many localities
each field has a watchman to drive their off.
Often these watchmen are ou platforms built
on the tops of low trees, the branches being
tn-ined flat for this puxp -e. Here ho sleeps
at night to Jrive off monkeys and deer, uJ
to bo ready for tho early bird. Ho is gen
erally armed with a sling or a bow with
v.-hich l.e throws a pebble, and so dextrous is
ho that mat y a bird bites the dust even when
I'JJ yur-li u'vaw Carter Harrison in Chlcagc
HUNTIN3 FOa "FIGHTING JOE."
Confederal Soldier Rooming at Will la
the TUIac of Gettysburg.
' When the street of Gettysburg bad been
cleared of all armed bodies of Union 1
diers, the Confederates began to roam about
at will, jghteeelng and foraging. At a'
bouse, closely barred, a party of these inde
pendents bolted and began to recdnnoiter.
Unseen fronts the street the owner was
watching from as upper window, and soon
be beard bis name used la war Tery uncer
emonious. The doer r' - rare-lsd the nn: s,
and one of C ' " r'-o wasa Car
out, "T- 'c..c2,
"Woe " j door.
he bf - . Lcus to
aktrri j . v . . J the men
seemed so cooi k , , .4 Mr. Tyson
opened the door and Invited, them into try
bis excellent water, for they all looked warm
and exhausted. After drinking heartily the
German spoke up again and said:
"Where is Moe' Hooker? We're after him
and we mean to have him if we have to go
to Philadelphia for him."
At this hour the streets were filled with
carts and wheelbarrows, and excited men and
women bearing trunks and buudles aud
leading frightened children; mothers with
babes in their arms in the throng, all
hastening out of reach of the soldiery, the
bullets ami the shells. Officers iu gray rode
up aud down warning tho people to remove
women and chUdren to places of safety, as
Lee was about to shell the town. It was a
trying moment, but Tyson would not be
scared or cajoled into revealing anything.
lie didn't know "Joe" Hooker any more than
he knew Lee's humblest private, but he had
his garret full of Union soldiers who had
been cut off In the street, and lie decided to
be a knowuothing, and send the scouting
Confederates away as ignorant a they came.
After listening to a few of his Mind answers
the spokesman agreed to be satisfied with
some bread and butter and cle.tr out and
seek for "Fighting Joe" elsewhere. There
was a fresh baking of bread in the house, but
Tyson did not know what panicky times
might follow, and be knew that his blue
coated wards upstairs were hungry; so he
put on a long fuco and declared that he
had just had a visit from a party of Confed
erates who had eateu up about all the pantry
contained, aud there really was not "enough
left now to begin on." The true bummer
never expects to live high on a route that has
just been traveled by others of his kind, and
these unfortunate fellows took the burgher's
word for gospel truth and went away in
Somethiug About Itacleau,
Badeau was born about the time Andrew
Jackson was concluding his first term. He
was SO 3oar3 old when the war broke out,
and after it had been going on for a year he
volunteered, and was appointed an aide on
the staff of Brig. Gen. Thomas Sherman. It
fron) this position that Grant took him
und made him lii3 military scciet&ry, with the
vank of lieutenant colonel, and afterward
colonel. He retired from the war at its close
a brevet brigadier, and it was through Grant
that he-was made secretary of legation at
London. lie was employed by Grant here,
at Washington, and he accompanied Grant
on his tour around the world. It was through
Grant that he got to be consul general at
Havana, and he has been mixed Up (n some
question as to his right "to 'certain salaries
which he had drawn. So far, all of his offi
cial positions came through Graut.
Ilis literary position be tjcqul.-ed in the
same way. It was through Grant that he
got the material for his "Military History of
Ulysses S. Grant." It was through him that
be got tho experience that enabled him to
write the works qx tho aristocracy of Eng
land, and it was through him that he made
money but of his letters headed "Grant in
Peace." To show that it is true, it s only
necessary to cite the other things which ho
has written, which have attracted no notice
whatsoever. Badeau published in 1S59 a
book called "The Vagabond," a collection
of essays which you will nqt now find even
in second hand book stores, and his "Con
spiracy; a Cuban Romance," published ia
1SS5, has hardly had a national circulation.
Tho truth Is that Badeau has beoome great
by the reflected light of Grant, and the at
tempt to make out Grant an ignorant, un
grammatical writer, and a man unable to
write the book which ho left hia children, has
fallen flat, as far as Washington is concerned.
It may be that Badeau was not treated
rightly in tho settlement of the contract
which he had with Grant, but he has un
questionably injured himself greatly in stat
ing the case as he does. ' ' ' .
Gen. Badeau Is a very ready writer, and he
writes welL He is a very pluaant conver
sationist, "and' his round, red whjskerod
f aee, M3shorttujay for-hte pleasant
.'!Z eyes are well known in Washington. He
has been spending the winter hero, and it is a
matter of regret to his friends that he has
become Involved in the present controversy.
Even were he correct in his statements be
would have trouble in proving them to the
satisfaction of the people, and he has entered
into a controversy in which he is handi
capped at the outset, and into which he will
get into more trouble the further he goes.
There is no doubt in the minds of the leading
thinkers at Washington that Grant is the
author of his own book, though he may have
received some of the advice and the assistance
wluch Gen. Badeau could, from his famili
arity with the subject and his knowledge of
literary methods, so easily give. Frank G.
Statistics Concerning Tobacco.
It is not without reason that it has been
said that you can prove anything by statis
tics. Under Louis XVI, for instance, the
tobacco tax only produced 600,000 francs, be
cause the consumption was smalL At that
time the average duration of life was twenty
seven years. Now the tobacco tax produces
300,000,000, and the average duration of life
Is forty-three years. Redskins, who suffer
neither from diabetes nor from pituite, have
always the calumet between their lips. The
Persians, the type of Caucasian purity, say
that "all joys come to the heart through to
bacco." Where do you find such handsome
old patriarchs as among the Turks? Yet in
their country the pipe is kept alight as re
ligiously as Vesta's fire in ancient Rome. In
those climes the strongest nusrk of emotion
that one can give is to take one's pipe out of
one's mouth. New York Commercial Adver
tiser. Patent and Patent Lawyers.
Ten years ago there were on the yearly
average some 20,000 patents applied for.
Two-thirds were usually granted, and the
others either refused or abandoned. Then
the patent lawyer was oidy just becoming es
tablished as a practitioner in the distinct
fold of patents. Now there are about S5,000
applications each year. About 20,000
are granted. Many of the devices for which
letters are issued are trivial or chimerical or
so useless that nothing ever comes of them.
Patents are issued now on each of several
parts of one machine, where formerly ono
general patent covered the whole thing.
This is in part attributed to the influence of
lawyer. Many of the letters now giveu are
for improvements Instead of original de
Tice -New York Sun.
A PHOTOGRAPHER'S TRIBULATIONS.
fceeoe In a Ilroadway Oat! tVUiiu ol
The following - '
In the galle-
lng whirl r "
j in your
vel I won
, Juttieel You
, that my profile was
t- - - "
' , madam," interposed tho
artist, "I.. .cture is certainly a good like
ness of you."
"Nonsense!" replied the lady fictulantly.
"I never could bring myself to believe that 1
possessed such a horrible nose, and I cer
tainly have not such squinting eyes. I huve
come to have another sitting, and I insist
that the picture shall bo in profile as 1 sng
Tho accommodating artist bowed his nccmi
escenee, tore his locks when the lady was
not looking, and proceeded to arrange hin
apparatus. Half an hour afterward, when
the lady had taken her departure, the un
happy man addressed himself to a reporte r
who chanced to lie in his studio.
"Must I always be a slave to the whims of
vanity? That lady who this moment left us.
has had four sittings, everyone of them with
artistic results, and yet she is not satisfied.
Hhe is too good a patron to lose or I would
not humor her. Every time she hns a new
dress she must have herself photographed.
She is wealthy and can afford to induh.'-n her
whim, but her vanity i i ;:! !:'!
only one of a host of jeople who have the
craze for being photographed.
"One spinster lady comes to me regularly
once a month to have her picture taken. She
hns kept an album for the past ten years, which
contains only her own photographs. Ono
can observe by turning over its pages how
she has gradually grown in age, month by
month. Sad! isn't it? Every time she has a
new likeness taken she nsks me: 'Do you
think this picture looks older than the last C
"Another of my patrons is a young and
pretty girl, who has gone wild over private
theatricals. She has herself photographed
iu tho costumo of every character she im
personates. Still another Is a young man,
who is as pretty as a doll. Ilis vanity can
hardly Iks believed. He comes hero every
two or threo weeks and has scores of photo
graphs of himself struck off. These ho dis
tributes indiscriminately among his friends
ami acquaintances. Some-times ho appears
in full walking suit frock coat, gaiters, hat,
gloves, cane. Ajcain you will see him pict
ured in evening dress. I have photographed
him in hunting suit, riding suit, and even in
his dressing gown. It is a mania with him,
but I cannot complain, for it is money in
my pocket. In fact, I make my living by
catering to the vanit3' of others. Actors nnd
actresses nro very hard to please. They
know what an artistic photograph is, and de
mand sitting after sitting until they are
pleased. With them, however, I ecu afford
to spend considerable time, for 1 can sell
their pictures afterword in tho market, "-r.
New York Evening Sun,
A Sublime Victory,
The victory won in tho civil war was, in
five particulars, the greatest in history: Tho
victQi-s captured the forces opposed to them,
aud these among the bravest of mankind;
they secured the largest territory ever taken
in war; they destroyed utterly tho subject
matter of the contest; they settled the issues
so thoroughly that no retrial can ever he
necessary, and, most glorious triumph of all.
they captured the hearts of tho brave men
they conquered. Grant did not merely force
the surrender pf Lee's veterans; he won their
regard. There was no "subjugatiou ;" he did
not make them "pass under the yoke." They
began by respecting him and ended with
warmer feeling; they pi-a'ed toy him in his
sfflietion, nd mom-ned sincerely at his death.
His spirit survives in the universal amnestv.
social and political; the war worn Confeder
ate and the old Federal sit side by side in tho
national congress and meet amicably in tho
social circle. Kven in the border states,
where one would naturally expect local ha
treds to suryiv? longest, one will meet iu the
same jwirior survivors of both armies, shar
ing impartially the smiles of the fair; and if,
as rarely happens, some one with more mem
ory than charity ventures to rnourh tho
bitter terms cf tho b.itter past, tha
hear-prs' quickly rising frown sternly re
bukes the unwelcome memory, or the sou
falls dead Upon unsympathiao- ears
likoaourse upon tba fountain top which
dies on w- coij, pure air without an echo.
Contrast this condition with that of other
lands where civil war has raged; with Scot
land where one uprising followed another
for sixty years; with Ireland where the feud
of Saxon and Celt, at t he end of two cen
turies, is only half appeased. Is it not a fact
that more men have been killed and wounded
in American cities, lighting over the "Battle
of the Boyne," than both armies lost in the
battle itself? Yet how many riots can you
name between ex-Federal and ex-Confederate?
This is our common glory, north
and south; this makes it a victory which all
can celebrate, and it is soon to be here as it
is in the poetic literature of Scotland, where
all the heroic achievements of both sides are
cast into a common stock and are tho com
mon glory of the country.
Losses Dnrlns the Civil War.
From the 15th of April, 1SC1, to the 14th of
April, 1SC5 (when the order to stop enlist
ments was issued), the United States govern
ment "called for" 2,759,049 men. There were
furnished 2,656,553 a deficit of only 102,4'Jil,
most of which would have been supplied iu
one month at the then rate of recruiting.
Excluding re-enlistments, it is estimated by
skillful actuaries that the Federal armies
contained about 1,800,000 men, of whom
1,500,000 at various times were in active ser
vice. Of these 59,700 (very ncarlj-) were
killed in battle and 35,000 mortally wounded?
while 1S4,000 died in camp or hospital. It is
also estimated that at least 20,000 died soon
after reaching home of disease contracted in
camp died before June 30, 1605 so the total
loss is usually set at 300,000.
The most cautious and reiiablo southern
historians do not put their total loss belorv
225,000. By counting those who lost a log or
an arm or were otherwise totally disabled in
a number of average regiments, north and
south, we arrive at the conclusion that the
thoroughly and permanently crippled by dis
ease and wounds' in both armies were at least
340,000. Adding the deaths in the first year
after the war of those injured in service, we
find that in four jears the subtraction f i-om
the virile force of the nation reached the ap
palling aggregate of 1,000,000 able bodied
At the close of the war the government
had 204 general hospitals, with a capacity of
i:5,S94 beds; in these there had been treated,
June 30, lSt5, 1,057,423 cases, in which the
rate of mortality was a minute fraction less
than 8 per cent. This is the smallest rate in
any recent war. In the Mexican war the
mortality in American hospitals was a frac
tion over 10 jr ceut; iu the Crimean war
that in the British uospitals was 2J per cent.,
and in the French a fraction over 24.
Xs on joying a
.IT ATjD wiesl
Will be one during which the subjects of
national interest :ui1 imjiort iiice will lie
strongly agitated ami the election of a
.President will take place. 'J he people of
Cass County who would like to learn of
nd Social Transactions
of this year and .wor.ldktop apace with
the times .should
ally o-r Weekly Herald
iVow while we have the f nbjeet before the
people we will venture to ppeak of our
3 u2 &
K-fl rv3 P.1
"Which is first-class in nil respects and
from which our job printers are turning
out much satisfactory work.
Boom in both, its
fc! t! 'ui U
ra ra if ra
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