The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19??, April 25, 1888, Image 3

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Trannitlon Stitte of Woman College IlreI
Wlvm Muklns u Scrap la ft A Serlou
ulJ- t-Tructiliig Children .MuiUVim of
. Tmluy Hint and lIHpn.
"Only one .ersii should po with a child
when it in to l photographed," said a camera
artist. "Instead, several people are npt to
fv-coinpuny it," Iwront inu-d. "The younger
it i tll9 IIKTP go lllon;; to 'see tllO little dc'lT
when it pi tore is t.-iken.' If it's n hnhy all
. tho female relatives handy constituto tliein
' Svlvi-s into a xly guard for tho infant on its
. important trip to tn photoruphcr's. Even
iti proud pa will m-glect hi business to Lo
present at tho ceremony. Ttif-yall have to
inspect tlie fhiM, comment iijxn it, and, even
If it's too young to understand what is said,
manage to gut it into a state of nervous
fidgets lrf-foro tho operator ever lays eyes
upon it. If tho entire family think it im
9 iK-nitivo to oino to tho htudio with tho
t -juvenile snbj ft. hut one individual should
L permitted t( enter the oj.-rating room
with it. Three or four K-rsons in the room
only nerve to distract the youngster's atten
tion and lessen the chance of obtaining a
good picture.
"Xo attempt should bo nvado to get a child
photographed in any but bright weather.
The middle of the day is tho liest time for a
sitting. Children should always wear light
colored frocks when Bitting for pictures.
JJght tones harmonize with their complex
ions and photograph in less time than darker
Jiues. Navy blue, seal brown, dark green,
rine color, maroou and cardinal all tako
dark. Light green, brown, scarlet, gray
and purple take light. Rose color, lavender,
yellow, and ale blue n'tirly white. In
white material the cream tint i moro desira
ble than pure white. Black silk or velvet
take as dark ai ink.
"It is as easy to get good pictures of chil
dren as of grown folks if people would attire
tbo little ones in suitable colors and simplo
Style, not make them nervous lefore they
reach the studio and leave them entirely to
the operator after they are there. Grown
fxxpIo would secure more satisfactory pict
ures of themselves, too, if they'd trust more
to the ojiertttor'js judgment and less to their
own. People ought to think alout the de
tails of their dress and hair arrangement be
fore they come in front of the camera. As a
rnic the more simple the attire and coiffure
tho more pleasing aud natural tho picture,
Irtwfs Wild never be examined in a bright
light, as they ado so .rapidly. It's noguido
to the photographer to st-nd back two or
three proofs with the nie.-sage 'iiuish from
tho darkest one,' or 'tho lightest one,' for
they are all liable to 1 of the sani" shade
, When they reach him. Chicago News.
Tranftitloti Stale of "Woman.
Women are in a transition state, which ii
developing new and stronger womanly vir
tues, but which has its own temptations and
dangers. The whole condition of things has
ulieivd for women within the prist thirty
years. Tho home seclusion nnd protection of
TTuiiMi, which is still t hing to as the Meal.
Las ln-come, in point of fact, a simple impos
sibility to fully a third of tho femii.ino popu
lation in thic!:lv- settled centers. A con
stantly increasing projiortion of women have
no hofne except, such us th-y make for them
selves, and men w ho object to the sb-nicr
features of their rouh ami ready struggle
with tho worl 1 cannot judge them fairly
.until they se- them in the shelters they do
fnirive f"r themselves and others, and v. it-Jies-t
with their own eyes the softer feminine
-virtues j-till intact, while the character ha i
lieen rotnuk l out and gained a strength and
dignity that could L-ave come to it through
tio easier exierience. That is the opportu
nity. Tho danger lies in the increasing emulation
of the singlo woman's, the self dependent
woman's, suo-e.s by tho woman, married or
unmarried, who has home duties. The self
facriiice of the daughter, tho wifo or the
mother is the hignest plane of womanhood
still. Cut the new possibilities of self sup
port are exhilarating to the joint of intoxi
cation to many women. The wife whoso
liusband grudges money for home excuses
Is aglow with a determination to make it for
lierself. I have seen cases where sho left
liome and children to earn her own bread
nud butter sooner than lar with the occa
sional unreasonableness in money matters
r.( the average young husband. Daughters
aro impatieut of staying with the mot her and
baby brothers and sisters. They must write,
tbeymut go into business: they repudiate
actual Imnw new Li. A little time will ttelj
aL Such a change in tho position of women
could not be effected without ebullition.
They have been going through a ieriod of
rapu? evolution, and will come out of it
CreatlV advantaged. "When they are steady
n their itst again they will value rightly
what they bavo gained, and be ready to uo
their share of th. wJd's work when cal!ed
upon for it, and not insist upon trying when
they have no calL ew York Wad and Ex
press. ffllCf of Health.
American women of all classes are, as a
rule, sinfully negligent of some of the riuth
which pertain to health, prominent among
which is the one just referred to exercise in
the open air. Tho excuse that their many
cares engross them, and that they, in conse
quence, have but little opportunity for leav
ing their bomea. is scarcely sufficient. The
number who actually cannot enjoy each day
on hour's outing must lie small, indeed, even
among the class forced to work the hardest.
Jiot only do raiuy women fail in this reiect
in their duty t themselves, but their young
ohiUrcn suffer in consequence of tho same
neglect. From one week's end to another
.during tin? winter not a few of them keep
their little ones in overheated rooms if not
ruddled around the Litchen stove and tho
result is we find them, as spring approaches,
weak, puny and ailing. In such families
colds coughs, sore throats and the like are
common aTcctions.
There is scarcely a day during the coldest
wason when even tho laby cannot 1-e safely
taken out of doors. Mothers should under
stand that ujxmi the daily enjoyment of f rcsb
and oien air depends, in a great degree, the
health of their little ones, as well as them
selves; it is. in fact. also!ate!y indispensable
to the well lcurT of all. It is earnestly hoped
that the growing interest in physical culture,
which is pw-e-M.ig the young of lo!h sexes,
will extend t tho mothers of tliit "stay tit
home" class, who certainly nec 1 it- infiuenca
as much as any other. Boston Hcral L
Coltese F.!u-atU Wive.
iVronal actpiaiatance can give but one
answer to th' pvstion whether colleg-j lite re
places tho doiiutic disjiositio.-i in wo:ne:i Ly
ambitloi; end t'.'itis, that on t! e contrary the
quiet and c-aruest phrsuits of college ilevelop
to unusual strength in tbem tho list and
fiti)-s. for home lire and for the oceup::toaa
and comra-iionship of a happy marriage;
that r.nv ir.fluenco toward tha 1 wing of do
mesticity aud drying lof nnselfi.-h aiTeetion
throvsU stuoEait's uubiUou twan to bg
Inflr Jteslmal, as compared with the same ln
lhience through the umbitions of society and
display, whielt tho student escajx-s. Hut this
"ry lisjMsition toward rcflnol home lifo
and worthy c-ompanioiisliip makes them moro
fastidious in their choice of a comjinidon,
and would seem by that much to lessen tho
probability of their marrying. Tho ability
to "get along" without marriage, provided
none that is for its own sako desirable offers,
bccpis, in actii'il observation, to give full
effect to this fastidiousness.
It seems evident, too, that many men dread
or ds.'iko tho idea of college women; but we
doubt if this affects their opjiortunitioH of
marriage jierceptibly, for it regulates itself
tho men who seek their society aro tho ones
vi ho do b!:o college women; and in any case,
so far as wo have ljeen ablo to observe, tho
dislike is -tr moro to college women in
general than to Portia or Aspasia in jar
ticular, and do-s not seem to interfere es-jx.-ciaily
with falling in love with her. It
is common enough to boo intellectual men
choosing wives of little mind or knowledge;
but it is also common to see them, when
older, wearying of the itisufHcient companion
ship, nnd consciously or unconsciously need
rig tho friendship of intellectual men and
women outside to supplement it. It seemed,
therefore, a question whether it. is desirable
to society that tho grade of marriages should
bo raised, at some cost to their number.
Overland Monthly.
Making m Scrap Fan.
After the spring bouse cleaning is over,
and the freshly cleaned furnituro and orna
ments aro replaced in new and more effectivo
positions, it often hapens that we suddenly
discover, in some conspicuous place, some de
fect in tho wall unseen before; ierhaps a
screw has broken the plastering where a
bracket had lieen, or there is a gummy fqot
where some autumn leaves had been fastened.
Many devices will occur to the young houso
keeier for covering up such a spot. One
way is by making a "crazy fan" for the pur
Xiose. Take a large new6paier for a founda
tion, and measure, perhaps, a yard one way,
and two yards tho other. Of course, a smaller
size would answer, and might bo prettier,
but it would not 1 so impressive. Cover this
foundation with all sorts and shaies of wall
paper scruis, leaving astripeight inches wide
along the lower mrt. I'asto the scraps on
neatly, but without any regularity, crazy
quilt fashion, and then cover the eight-inch
strip with plain turkey red or black cambric.
Have the scraps as varied as possible. One
fan that I have seen has bits of wall paper
different in color, from deep red to delicate
blue, from dark olive green to cream color,
and some of them aro sprigged with gold or
dotted with silver.
If you want your fan to be very strong and
handsome throughout you can cover tho back
with thin pink cambric, or a pretty paper of
one color. After this, fold it regularly back
aud forth fan fashion, and press tho folds so
they will keep their creases. Fasten tho
folds together at tho plain and with a few
stitches ancj a bow, letting the rest of the fan
spread ojen. This, put up against a wall, is
really a pretty decoration that is, if you
h.ivo Itfen able so secure fino and well con
(rasting scraps of Wall paper. Apart from
lis use in hiding spots on the wall, or to cover
tho unsightly hole in the chimney after the
bi.ovc has lceu removed for tha season, it
jnny lo u souvenir of ploasaut visits in tho
houses of oue's friends, or of remembered .
rooais in some former homo. Youth's Com
A Very Serious Subject.
For my part I never see an ugly man or
i Tiian that I do not immediately decide
th:;t either his or her ancestors were either
simicj's or bigots, Ix-eause deformity and dis
lv.s follow sin to tho third and fourth gen
eral ions, as surely as destruction folkovs hie.
It is u delicate subjix.-t, but one well worthy
oi co:sld-ration, that farmers and 6tock
breeders take the trouble to study and under-sta-i
I all of tho Jaws of breeding, rearing
and training to produce perfect animals,
whilo tiie glory and dignity of ierfection in
hui);-ni offspring are overlooked. From the'
conventional pirt f view it is bad form to
give thout to developing a icrfect human
animal, but from a sensible standpoint it
must bo admitted that there is danger that
the spi-ua-J of disease and sin will so weaken
tho human hold on life as to thro ten the
perpetuity of tho race.
Indeed, I kno-.r an eminent scholar who ber
lieves that it is only a question of timo when
this plaint will become depopulated, not
from chemical inadaptibility to. sust: in life,
but from the physical inability of the human
family to go on reproducing; and one in
cluded to ridicule the theory has only to re
member that wbettf formerly ten children
were welcomed as a good family, Hve oiq
now considered a large family, and many
mothers consider themselves sufficiently
bles-se4 when two children are lorn to them;
whilo still other pannot, or will not, have
children at all; and this change is taking
place among the higher, more cultured and
intellectunl races; largo families remaining
tbo rule with tlie poorer and peasant classes
only, and bo it confessed with sorrow and re
gret that these latter are those best adapted
physically to the important functions of
paternity and maternity, when instead tho
relation of physical development to mental
euiovuient should be so exquisite that men
and women of beauty and brains should be
tho parents of gods.' Annie jeniifc Miller
in Jew York Mail and Express.
Clrla.' Fbynleal Health.
Massage, the Turkish bath (used judi
ciously), plenty of walking and riding and
towvl rubbiug, will mako most any girl a
handsome, si l ightly, wholesome, radiant
picture of health. Powder and paint for
young faors ere not in fashion, since a much
better compiexioual f fleet can be produced
by a daily tepid bath, followed by a cold
water douche or plunge and vigorous rubr
bing, A girl who is too lazy to walk, top
lazy to properly groom herself, is the girl
who acquires the sluggUU skin, the listless !
eye, the lifeless, nerveless manner. Who
aro the jopular girls, the most admired and
the most attractive? Those who are in the
best physical health, whose step is elastic,
whoso cheeks are blooming, who are alive
with energy and who never whine over
affected headaches or other imagined ills.
The girl who "enjoys poor health" is begin
ning to find out that she will havo to go it
alone. Detroit Freo Fress.
What to Teach Children.
There is an old saying hero in Scotland
that "Wo should go far before we bring
homo an ill tale of ourselves." I do not ;
ihiiik it wise for a mother to relate the 4-bad-ne-ea
, of her children, especially are these
very unedifj'ing for other little ones.
Nothing can be more foolish than the indis
criminate praise sometimes bestowed on
children by their parents, their faults made
evidence of "smartness" and what of good
1 oks they may possess magnified -ad nausea
to themselves and others. j
Mothers, teach your children to deserve
commendation, but not for its "own sake.
Commend them fcr faults overcome, for
perseverance iu distasteful work, for acts of
s..Vleatal, but do not overdo it. Teach
tuci truth, honesty, unselfishness, are
ri;ht and natural, bringing their own pleas. ,
ere in their exercise not (jualitioa to b ac-
qnired by mnch painful eacrlflee, and scTcr
iuortilication of natural instincts.
Children should be early taught to amuro
themselves. It i.i hard upon a mother who
has household work to do, that sho should be
perjietually taxed to find occupation for her
children. Give them something. They can
vary tho shupo of building blx-ks, or even
little pieces of wood, empty cotton spools, a
pair of blunt scissora ami a newspaper, and a
slate and pencil as soon as they aro able to
use it. Kuch a mother, too, will soon Cud
her children glad to. assist her in such work
as they can accomplish. But o.loy all,
teuch them early to consider, and give way
to others, not to look upon themselves as
first und foremost in everything. And re
member, as you sow you shall certainly reap.
Tho American mother who has been repre
sented as splitting wood while her daughter
practices tho newest sig, is not a pure in
vention. Glasgow Cor. Detroit Free I'ress.
Maidens of Today.
And yet what an immense contrast thcro
is between tho maidens of today and those
of tho three or four previous generations!
When ono dies today of too much study,
twenty died day before yesterday, so to
speak, of too thin slippers. Tho girls of
today have eschewed those slipjers, and
with them tho infautilo short sleeves aud
low necks of tho old daily wear; their walk
ing shoes are thick soled as men's bi ogans:
they used them vigorously, too, for they have
learned that life and health are of more con
sequence than the admiration of chance men
for a slender foot daintily shod; they do not
allow their skirts to become draggled about
their ankles, and they would as soon think
of melting pearls in their drinking cups, if
they had them, as of sitting with wet feet,
either being too costly an amusement.
They wear flannels, too, at whose thick
ness their grandmothers and great grand
mothers would have shuddered, aud without
whose thickness they themselves would go
shuddering. They bathe seven times, not to
say 305 times, more frequently and thor
oughly than tho departed damsels did ; and
they eat what they want, aud not what some
male individual, adoring the ethereal, thinks
is about enough for them to eat and remain
delicate. The dear departed ones believed
that pretty pallor oqd interesting peaked
uess and pipe stem belts were the chief re
quirements of a personal appearance; the
modern girls believe that firm muscle, deep
chests, freo motion, and ruddy color are the
only wear. Hauler's Bazar.
The rrctty Girl.
The little child is almost always pretty;
tho girl of 13 is often pretty in spite of her
inevitable weediness; the girl from 1G to SO
is obliged to be pretty, for she has the
fresh charm of youth sometimes called
la beaute du diable, her eyes are clear and
bright, and her skin f rosU and pearly, Ex
pression is not essential to this phase of pret
tincsa and seldom intrudes when it is not
wanted. But as the girl develops into the
young woman sho may add to her prettiness,
loveliness, or charmingness, or even beauty
handsome sho cannot become unless she is
born so, and handsome women rarely are
pretty in early youth.
But if the pretty girl simply remains pretty
she- is liable as years goon to lose even pretti
ness, for this form of attraction depends
largely upon freshness and a certain innocent
wonder at almost everything which is suro to
vanish with experience. One never ascribes
prettiness pure yet simple to a middle aged
woman, although sho is often to be called
handsome, beautiful, lovely, or charming
but after Ii or 40 the simply pretty woman
comes to resemble a shop worn wax doll, no
longer attractive as a toy aud no manner of
value as anything else. Mrs. Frank Leslie.
Servants and Kini.toycr;
Between servants and their "employers to
day there is a great gulf fixed. The former
enter a place and agree to do certain things,
and scrupulously avoid doing anything else.
Though in a homo they are not of it. They
caro ns little about their masters andmis
tresses as, they aro convinced, their masters
aud mistresses care about them. But they
know a good deal more about their masters
and mLstt ebsea than their masters and mis
tresses can know'of them. 'When a servant
enters a new situation sho may not demand a
reference from her mistress, but directly she
gets .into friendly conversation with the older
servants, shu learns the disposition and qhar
ucterof theoccujants of the drawing room
from critics who, to say the least, are net
likely to be prejudiced in favor of those they
criticise. Fortnightly Review.
Hint to Tea Drinker.
Samovar means, literallv. self -boiler: it is
it t ' . . . l. . . . 1 - - 3 .1 . 1.. !
iud uut xvtiLer uiuLuiuo yuiy, will vut let lb
made, as in America, in "tea pots. Ladies
can continue to use not only their china tea
pots, but their dainty china cups. Glasses
are chiefly seen in railway stations and res
taurants, "When used in private families
as hey are to some exteuWthey are fre
queutly provided with silver holders. Glass
es aru almost universal in Poland, I under
stand. Cream is quite as much used in tea
as lemon. One Russian fashion seems to
have escaped notice, the practice of drinking
sweetmeats in tea. Of course, no cream can
then be used. Any soft sweetmeat will do,
except something with many seeds, like rasp
berry jam. Strawberry preserves are excel
lent for f bis purpose. Isabella Ilapgood in
IsW York World.
Mntnal Toleration.
It implies a want of mutual forbearance
wnd reciprocal consideration on the part of
young married people. It means that they
are not reasonably tolerant of each other's
defects and weaknesses. Possibly if many
ladies who apply for divorces realized ex
actly how they would feel six months after
they had got their decree, they would be less
impatient with their husbands; and if men
appreciate the total wreck which in a ma jor?
ityof cases follows the issue of" a decree of
divorce, they, too, might forbear more and
give less cause foF irritation and broils. San
Francisco CalL
Housekeepers should not fail to keep s
bushel or two of charcoal in the house with
which to make a bed of coals for broiling.
Try it, and see the difference it will make in
your steak or chicken or bam.
Sunlight is often the very best medicine,
especially for children and elderly people,
and the more houre of it they get the better
are their chances for life and health.
A crood cook throws awav nothinsr. Every
piece of bread, every Inch of meat, every
particle of vegetable, can be turned into
something palatable.
Never send to the table the same food fcr
three meals in succession, unless varied in
Eome way. -
Sweet, light, fine grained bread, twenty
four hours old, makes the best sandwiches.
Do not give a child paregoric or soothing
Fyrups for sleeplessness or f retf ulness.
"When a person is bilious be baa a bitter
taste, spodaUy on wa&ms . . ....
What a New York Tin Merc-hunt Said to
a Iteporter 'involution of tlie Iilnnrr
Kuckf t l'ntcnt Devices and Cunlriv
"When New York wasn't as big a town ns
it is today it was much moro of a cui.toni
than now for mechanics and apprentices nnd
other day laborers to carry their midday
meal with them to their work. Men and
boys who toiled iu factories and i tores could
bo seen iu the morning trudging along lour
ing bright, sinning tin dinner pails. Today
it is pretty hard to find protortiouately as
largo a number who follow this old habit.
Not moro than one man out of ten iu the
business and factory region below Thirty
third street can bo found with his If a
workman couldn't go homo at noon from
his shop in the days ten and fifteen years ago.
about tho only way to satisfy his 1J o'clock
hunger was the ono which now seems to Ikj
scorned cr discarded because of incouvt ui
ened. Of course there nro some who cling to
th old fashioned idea, nnd in certain locali
ties the workmen can't get along without
their kettles. But these are rare instances.
Tho only places where tho rule seems to be
for dinner uils is along tho wharves, and
even there the custom is falling away.
A down town tinware merchant said the
other day: "I used to do a big business in tho
ono article of dinner pails, butforeight years
now it seems to :;::v.-.::;t."l t-. , ...
all. Tho cause? Why, I guess it must bo
that mechanics and others don't like to have
tho trouble of carrying a pail to work in tha
morning and back at night. It's inconvenient
in the surface and elevated cars, for the cof
fee is likely to be spilled in the jostling and
crowding of tho cars. Then, if a man is near
enough to his workshop to bo able to w alk
there, he isn't likely to carry a pail, for, of
courso, ho had rather go homo to dinner.
No, the bulk of workingmen in New York
to-day seem to do without pails such us v. o
used to see when we weren't so jopulous uu i
proud. Still they get hungry when noon
comes around, and they must feed. LoU of
them bring meat and bread from home ii
paper, and throw the paper wrapper
when they aro done with it.
"Their drink? Well, they can work U.n
growler, or go out and buy lager or anj th; ;g
else. Besides, there are more inexpeiisi.
eating houses now than before, and plenty oi
men who used to carry their dinners villi
them find it just about as cheap to go out
and eat. This is more convenient, too.
Some workmen on houses in process of con
struction in new neighborhoods must e&u-y
pails, but they wouldn't if they could hel it!.
Often tho 'free lunch' gives a man a stay t.
his stomach, and he makes his suppi r .
heavier meal than it used to be. This aiso
helps do away with the dinner jiail. Oul on
tho aqueduct and along railway lines being
built or repaired tho Italians don't use the
pail much. The co-operative mass which they
have seems to do pretty well for most o
them, aud those who don't havo that stuff
their food, in paper in their pockets."
In spite of all this failing oil in the use cf
the dinner pail iu New York city, the di a nor
pail of this day is better than that oi ten
years ago. It has gone through a reguiur
evolution. First it was simply a plain ket
tle with a cover. You could put in meat and
bread and pie and pickles, and whatever
other solids tho appetite craved ; but there
wasn't any room for coffee unless yon put n
jn a bottle. Then somebody devised a pail
with tvyq compartments, one pair fitting into
another. In this way coffee might be car
ried in one of tho parts. Then sgino o; hci
genius got up a pail wjth four or six separate
ports, all fitting iuto each OLher and maLiug
it possible to carry four or six articles ap-t
troin eaeu orner.
This was good, but it was discounted 1 y
the fellow who got out a patent on a device
whereby the coffee could bo heated at noon
time wherever tho workman might bo. Th s
device consists of a wad of asbestos cloth two
inches in diameter aud an inch thick. This
is covered with tin, and there is an opening
at the top exposing tho cluth. The who.;
thing js just like a small round tin box
packed with asbestos and open at the top.
Tho workman can carry or have at his shop
Bomo alcohol, nnd a cent's worth poured oa
tho asbestos will do to heat his coffee. A
great many mechanics havo this asbestos
contrivance and like it. More of tho con
trivances are probably used in other towns
than this. One other schemo has been
patented. It consists of a tin pot, which
may be filled at noontimo with water and
lime. The heat so generated wiil warm any
thing placed over it, and as the compart
ment holding the coffee iits over tho com
partment in which the lime and wa,tr are,
the coffee may be lieated very quickiy. This
invention hasn't met with general adoption.
There are other complicated dinner pails,
Into the bottom of which lamys may be fitted.
They are mostly used in smaller cities. New
York Sun.
How Tarig Fires Are Put Out.
In Paris every one passing along the street
at the time of a conflagration, no matter how
small, is called into service, gentleman or
hodcarrier, ic is all the samo-ror a band of
music passing through an avenue at some
distance. Anything and everything is
claimed by these men as a good chance to
avoid a few moments' labor.
Speaking of people being called upon to
help at fires here, reminds me of the exrori
ence of an American friend of ours who La.d
lately landed in France. He was invited to
attend a fashionable dinner party, and, v. h:!r
passing down hi street tq procure a cab t
the corner, he was suddenly seized by an ex
cited Frenchman, a large bucket was tlunisi
into his unwilling bands, and ho was cm
manded to hurry to toe nearest pump and
fetch water to help extinguish the fire at
SI me. Blank's. Hero he was, in eveniij
dress, light kids and high hat, and only fif
teen minutes in which to reach his destina
tion. He knew a fire meant ruin to Lis
clothes as well as to his dinner. There was
only one thing for him to do, and be did it,
He placed his bucket on the ground and took
to bis heels, while a chorus of small boys,
cheered him lustily all the way down the
street, and the Freuchman. screeched insult
ing words after him. He says ho never
walks the streets now without the fenr of
being impressed forcibly to put out a fire,
aud ho keeps his weather eye opn for any
signs of 6moke or flames. Paris Cor.
Ringing Hells by Steam.
Ringing the bells of locomotives by steam
is now effected by an ingenious apjjaratus,
consisting of a small steam cylinder placed
at one side of the bell frame and resting on
the boiler; the connect! ng rod, whi h con
nects the piston to a three iach crank oa tho
bell, is so constructed that it will vary its
length oceordiug -to the swing of tho bell,
thus removing any liability cf knocking tho
cyiiuder ou by the piston coining in contact j
wtu iu NerYork Sun.
The Plattsmouth Herald
7s on joying a. Boom in both. it3
The Tear 1888
Will lie one during which the subjects of
national interest and importance will be
strongly agitated and tlie election of a
President will take place, 'ihe people of
Cass County who would like to learn of
Political, Commercial
and Social Transactions
of tlii.-i year and would keep apace with
tli-1 times tdioukl
ailv or Weekly Herald
JVoa while c hi e I lie tubjvet before the
people-we will veMiir- to epeak ol our
tSX &35i tgfc sri
m ei ii r
vcrnn 101
Which is first-class in all respects and
from which our job printers are turning
out much satisfactory work.
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