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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 20, 1888)
THE DAILY HERALD, PL AMI'S o urn, lUSfCASK A. FRIDAY, APJUL 20. 1RS8.
Trn; .milky wat.
IT HAS BEEN THE SUDJECT OF MANY
It N4HI8 Aiiiont the lotrllrr utlMm.
What l!io I'j tlincorvaii S.tll All Old
l. K'iiI Some Popular Tradition An-
) cilftrr t l.im of Naniri.
Liko flu: in in' w, that beautiful occasional
visitor in tli heaven;;, flic Milky Way has
l-eii the MiLjii-t i.f many fctrango l-lifj. It
!, jx-rliiii's, tii ii"t prominent constant ap-fk'iiruiK-u
in tin; li.'iii.iiii' iit, nii-1 could not
fiil to kIvo ri.-a; t much conjecture an to its
friilin, iL-4 ornKKiition and its raison d'etre.
It name among the cnrlii r nation of
Ilurpo indicate t!i; iular lclicf in its
fabulous origin, and him dm-ondcd to many
modern language-. It wan called by the
Oreeki "Milk," "Heavenly Milk," "Galaxy"
(milky) ami "Milk Circle," tho two last
named npjieilut.ons li-iiig applied to it by the
Ilop.mi.i. It was alio called "Milky liiver"
lit I jt. n, ami "Milky Way." Tim latter
Hi mo is its ordinary omf in Italian, French,
German, I hitch, Gaelic, Welsh, I'lcnii;;h,
Majvar, Ilom.nir", Arab and Amliarie. It
Is i-al! I "Grdaxy"iu Ili.glislr, Italian a?'d
We: thalian, and this was its name in France
In tin.- Li;.;li!-.'iill century, and in tho lyjwvr
In middle nfo German r-nd Westphalia!!
linlcct.s the bri.dit Land was called "JliJk
rUlcct," in North ( eriiiany, "Milk I lay" ami
"Milk IV. Ii," while Ui.j name "Iloa'l na
White n Milk in Heaven" was given to it in
Poland. An oi l Scotch name, thu "Milk
maid's I'ath," wuuM seem to have its orii-i
in Bonie other I i-l.
The path thus formed ncrmi the heavens
levnine, in (livck W.-iief, the rv!"atial road
traveled by thu god. I'y t.Ua;.;o;vans said
that souls dwelt thi-i-'-In, and that by thij
road they d. cend d t. men in dreams.
Jlaiiiciic us l-!iowd that pure -uls only
oIkmU- in th bright path, ami by it a.srciid.l
nnd descended ts and fr. mi tl;e er.it h. Thus
the Milky Way, h'-ie tiio rail. bow, wos a
bridge of R-iiil.i ly night, as tin- latter was by
day. Magyars cad it "di;iiL ll.iinbov.-.".
Many iiitMlrrn nani'-s ivcall tin.-o nnoiciit Ix.-li-fs.
It is the "lIeaVL-:ily I'ath ' i.i W'c&t-
phalia, and Mayara f-wl it tho "Way of
Heaven" n!.-o. l;.i.-aoiit.j Africaiu nu:iiu it
tho "Tath of tho juds,"and an Iro juois aj
fellation for tho brilliant m;t'or was tha
'Continuous Il'jid in the Sk)-." Ilaliaa
IcS00'4 ii'di'-ato it as the path followed by
tho Madonna in her assumption, and n
Jlasyar name for it u the "lloud of Josus."
In Loanso, Africa, it is the "liorul to
and a Sv.-abian legend says it is tho "I'ath
of Ool," by which be leads Lis armies and
governs the stars.
An old fcvutl asocrt3that the galaxy is tho
ladder ly whi:h Jacob huw the ani'l-s dt
Bcend an 1 ascend ia 1;U droauis. Iu Svvabian
Lt'litf thoy still use it as a way to earth, but
no one sx3 theiu. LiiTitau s iys many Ameri
can triU cail it tho "Way of Souls." Waltz
VILsu-h that thoOjisof Africa name it tho
Way vt 1'oiiU," and say tha- by it the yxxl
will a:s".-ii'l to ticavcri. ratajoniaiis say tho
Etai-j an t!:-'1 S'.-nIs of old Indians, aad tlio
jgalaij' a Ly v. hicli t'a.vy chase ostii-hi's.
It is c iliil t!:o "lloa I l'i Rum.'," iu l'.:r-xn.-s.T!,
in m! l l'.; a-;o li''m;iii, and in Czech.
Ja i arU of K.i'.niJ it isiho"Indon H-wid,"
v.hilo in ( ;.-mri;:y, it SO':', nn-lcr tha v:-:-:.:;s
Xlinieiof 'l'r:i::k;'ort Ilo;.d,'" "Coloynolloj i,"
"Nicrenlscrj Iv.a l," u::.l "Koad to Aii-l.i-Cii:ipcl!c."
-V oin.non Turkioli name f-r t:e
bri-.;:it track U tho "i'iiriiu'a lload"' (to
JLvex) It it .a!2.-d tho "Wa:;fii I'ath" m
2orth Ccr::n:iy, pud was the "Winter lload"'
i.i i;ii i-.iit crs'. v.ialo Magyar peasants
r.nnis) it til-) "Tiigiinos AVuy." A Kocond
Turkish ii-imo is this "Uad of the Tivinbiia
1Va:idern-s," an i WeHi tr..dition gives it tiio
npi-ilatiun of ths "iToal of the i'rtxJial
Knn." In Swabian aivl Magyar folk nomen
clature, the broad wuy is tho "Army Ilo;id."
Koineiimes pi;;iuar tradition counccts tho
palaxy with animals, instead of men or gods.
Thus it becomes the "cow paili"' and the
.imc imth" in north Germany, and tho
'ixs trail" in j".rH of England, yianieso
legends, which coiiiiect many things with
their favorite animal, designate it as th.
the "Itoa-1 of the White Lliepliar.t." iSi-j'-ilarly,
in I'olynesisi it is the "i51ae Shark,"
nu 1 is th . tight to be nourished by the clouds.
.Naturally, thse legends would connect the
saining track across tho heavens with the
flight of bir.'.3. It Li called "Ulrd'a Tata" ia
Wendie, Lithuanian, E.tbonia:i aud Fuiuiu.
Vi'eaJ legeu.is go further still, and assert
f hat it 'ui.i-'s tho migratory birds iu their
flight from to ciimo.
Another ehi oi traditional names chnrac-te:izi-s
the broad J-liinii'g tract ts a river,
fljAiiig tnsoti.il t:.e vl. stiul r-g!:s. Tl.e
t;rcat iiu:::' :..s r-cwdesl tho i" :v-t thnt tlio
Arabs so dv ;;;::at-. .1 it, un-1 iiau.c.I the con
eteliation Sa.;:t :m i, , tl;-) ai.i::ial that ii
,olng to water," p::rt of th;.: ivu? of t-'.ars
lving across ihfl (iolaxy. 1'iuaaU in Ci'i rus
rail it the "Jordan Klvcr'1 or the "ohad-.e.v
o! Jv-rdvii." An oldlirtck pcern of the l ii
tee:iii tv tit cry nllus'.s-s to it by the san-e
nanio. I''U?rian iZoi iaLs called it the "lircad
lMver," r.i.d it 11.1US among the Glr.ls, en
u-a a.;.;:i r: . Lo, ij " W.-ra ubul,' siguiO i-S
tif,r : t river lie-v. . Dg by a. I i-ii ll i-a fad ot
fri;i.s, v :r : e iL i- Lclis.vevl the t.ul--o tl.c
f;.x.l oait-.-r dcatii. Auollitr A t traliau
tritvj ".'.- it "i'sameos,f.i," a..d b-.:y it is a
stream on wLono bauks th.j soul resorts after
death, to Ls washed white. Chimed? ciii the
Starrv bm:d tho "Celestial l.ir," Aunaiutso
the "".id-.er ilivi-r," cud itsjiair.o ia Scotch
trfieUe w..s tL;'" White iliver of the i't-ra."
TLo natives cf Eag'.lih Gi'.ir.ua call the
V. ,:v tia "tie.. LuOoe uei:iOs.ra;.
yirf Air.tr's IVfn Party.
It :3 a -cr.ii t-lea thct tt; nations of the
ert are sii.; . 'd.-rly tf injraft as omraretl
with tbrt f l:ie v.v r. Ti not exactly
so, as n-.any travt-K-rs wed Iniow. A native
historian thus deeviLes a Lttlw Tiinc party
tliat was g;vcn by a great oat.ru euii-eror
or the Sixt-a!b ceutury.
"The amir said to AM-u-Razzak: 'Shall
we drint a little winef Aecordiugly, much
wine was brought into the garden and Cfty
goblets i -laced i:i the midsjle of a small tent.
The amir S lid: 'Let us driuli fair ir.er.sure
an.l fill the cups evenly, in order that there
may be no unfairness. They began la get
jolly. Uu-i Ii.i--san drank five gob'cts; bis
:earl was a.Tccted at the sixth; he lost Li3
eeafts ct the heventh, vrhfii the servants car
ried him ciT. t;i-a'.i, the physician, dropped
:i3 head lit the fifth cup and was carried off.
llhalil Dau 1 diTtuk tea; Suja I5iii:z uinc, a:.d
loth ws.ro brne away. Iiu-Nain drank
twelve end rau off; wheu the khwnja had
di-ii.1: twelve u; j hi made Lis olxjioaii'-t and
fciid t-j the n:air: 'If you j.ive your slave aDy
more be will l - Lis ivfjeL f. your iiir.jetrty
as wi-Il as Li o.vti wiu.' The amir la-s'J-cd,
erd we:;t on driukbig. Ii; drank t.vcty-
seven goMets; Le then nree a-.d c-..iied u r a
Lasin of water and Lis praying carj-et,
wasin-d Lis face and recited tho mislihsy
j.rayers ri wi 11 as tije afteruKu cr;i-.:, a:id Lo
ti aefiuitte"l l;i.r:s:if that you weti, I not
h ive thought that he luid drrjk a lr -ie ?up:
liothen rcti'intd to tlTa'at-' i-ti cle-
- J uaiit.r I'till-iJelph! i Tinit.--.
Ma. Glne-ktono always 6.ays ou
;a and on
A FAMINE IN GOLD.
Mi:ie rij;urra Ites-irdlns Il Iat, rr-nt
and Future 1'icxlurtloiu
"Frobatly ninb ntlni of all the gold ob
tained by man baa been taken from plact r
deposits, nnd our America: cxjrienee hn"
Ixw-ii no exception to the general rule," i o
inuikfl inn experienced mining ojwrator i:i
lifioaking of the past and future of this valu
able product tho other evening; "I'reviom
to 1-17 our total gold production amounted
to flt-VHfK), but letwea 1847 and lb.7
aliout S 1,7.0,.X,K)0 were contributed to
our stock of gold. Of this, nearly three
fourths came from placers deposits. In l-iOO-.V)
wo obtained more than $SO,000,'XX) per an
num In gold from tho placers of California,
ind aluior.t nothing from gold bearing veins.
Now, with an annual production of SoO.OiK),
000 about one-half only is frotn placers. Our
own territory has b'?cn so thoroughly ex
plored that no considerable sujierllcial de
posits of gold are likely to bo discovered, and
nearly the same thing can be said of tho en
"In tho northern extension of our western
mountain ranges in ISritish Columbia and
.'.l::.-ka there fc.ro probably important depos
its of gold. It is likely, however, to couio
from thus region in a moderate but perennial
stream, and not iu a flood. Great difllculty
will attend tho working of thoso mines on
account of tho cold, long winters and tho
diiliculty in transporting supplies. Unless
the mines should prove richer than expected,
tlier- may be a dearth of gold iu tho near
future. Iu tho Allogl.uiiy U-lt of mountains,
i.i this country, there a; largo deposits of
gold, but th'-y are di-liei.ilt to work. Still,
iu-lii.itry and ierr";vcse:ie-j may make them
pay a profit. Mexico may bo expected to
turn out $l,000,Oi;j a year, but no more. The
west coast of fVjuth America yields little but
"Colombia, Venezuela and Draril have, on
tho contrary, always been producers of gold.
It is intimated that from Dra;:il alone more
than C l,0t.),(;!;.),i;,)0 in gold were obtained
during the first IXXi years after the ndveut of
tho .Portuguese. Columbia r.nd Venezuela
ure now yielding about S1,W.X),G00 each aunu
ally, a:;d littlo more than that can be ex
l.'eic I ia tl.e futur.?. !
" Australia produces about $.10,000,000 a '
year, and we cannot hope for more than
i-r,ty .),. K) annually from Asia. That will
cover it all. I don't fetr that you and I will
ever trailer from a famine of gold, but unless ,
the North American deposits uro richer liiau :
is expected some oua will sulior." New York
Mail and IZxpres.
.Hack WorJc ami JTournalisin.
Is the hark work of literature worse for a
inm"s l-iy or seel than the hack work cf
other professions What is here meant by
hack work? In tho !:t:-rary profession, es
pecially among thoso who write aboutit.it
is iTOiinou to hear work 'Mono for the bx!:
sellers" contemptuously treated as hack work.
Tho contempt is ofts'n just, but not neces
sarily. Johnson wrote his "Lives of tho
Ptv-ts" for tho bool.-Fellors, Southey wrote his
"Lifo of Nelson" for them, yet these are
works no sane man treats contemptuous!'.'.
Every man who depends solely on his pen for
a livelihood must, even if Le can steer clear
of tho nc'.V'spaper.:, do much work which ho,
if ho be wise, and tho world certainly, v.iil
willingly let die. If he be an honeot man, a
man of proper s-clf-rcr-pcc!:, he will dj it cs
well as circumstances will let him; but needs
must that circumstances wid . sometimes
prove too strong for him. Yet it Las been
that work so done has, by happy ehanea be
come a pan; of tho world's patrimony. Ia
sh'-.rt, as treason, says the epigram, may be
Csiuio patriotism, fci hack, work may become
Then, again, in every profersion practiced
by man there must necessarily be some pre
limh.ary drudgery, some period of fippren
tieehip to bo endured leforo ho can bJ
prov-lanued free of the guild and qualified to
jft-L up for hiiself. For some tnec, of course,
this period iicver jtases; for some it passe J
to no purpose, aad it is, perhaps, hard to say
that this will always be tho fault of the man.
In journalism, aiouo of the professions, the
time of emancipation can never come. It i3
tho peculiar lot of the journalist that he can
never set up for himself. Ho is merged in
Lis paper; like the actor of tho Athenian
stage, his face is hid in a mask, and he
speaks in tones not his own. He must spealc
in tho tones of Lis party or that in the
church, in tho state, in trade, cr in some
other one of tho many channels into which
the great current of human affairs is par
celed. Maciiiiian's Magazine.
The Good YTirea of Bulgaria.
Eulrarian peasant women are extremely ro
bust and hardy, though they are as a rule
shert of stature. They are thickly sjt, their
elopod nr.d ltie:r li:nb3 iiiu
-ul-r from c
i; ..v..t cxeroiso and toll in the
;pe.: air. Their Tartar oi i.jta shows iaclf i
'n their high projecting: cheek Lvues, short i
nub n and lit: ie, t .vi.ikh.ig eyes.
tl.jeia! life among thir. da--, of tho pop:i!a-
:im tli.Ters from that of the Grec':s ehieliy in j
;hc position of the v.orncu. A Balgarian
Mai'.ta, or good who, la.tcs an aiincbt eq.al
.-Lire with her husband iu the bread tvian;:ig,
cc-i:.-eAii!ently, Ler word La3 considcr
..'e weight in t ha fa"::.' council. L:'l;e all
vo.r.c:i in th e&st, f ho ia rolt-r and thrifty,
:-:es.n.s at least tl.s insido of her Lou-;e clean and
sidy, cooks palatable food, spi;3, weaves,
imita and sows all the clothes for the family.
Her wardrobe consists of two suits, one the
gala costume, Li which she was married aud
which will last Ler a lifetime for Sundays
aud prasnlk, or feast days, and ono of the
sa::ic y-.tt-. : but moro homely material, for
x. rking t'.r.y.-!. The former consists chiefly
of a 1 ;.g Irneu goruicut worked round the
borders aud scams, a cloth coat richly em
broidered, a largo apron nearly covered with
the same ornamentation, Lut no petticoat;
a:;d on t'.3 head a bordered white kerchief
cr: i i';a";iy arranged nnd fastened with silver
puis aad string, cf coins, Woman's V.'or Id.
An i i" ecat It e Audience.
Aji amusing story is told of a French actor
-ho went into the country to study a new
.art. lie was waiting ct a lonely station and
thinking of his part when, quite tmeon
scioubly, Le began to act it in "dumb show.
French actors think more of the pantomime
of a play than we do, and the comedian,
while wailing for his trait., had gone through
sjra? of the principal scenes of the new piece
La this wny, quite ignorant that his efforts
had boon watched with tho keenest interest
by r.n attentive rustic sitting on a box iu a
dark corner. When the actor suspended his
task the rustic rushed up to him quite eagerly,
iking in anxious tones: "And the lovers, !
monsieur, were isey umtou, ana was inc vil
lain discovered" "What, do you meanf
inquired the actor. "Oh, monsieur told tba
sV-ry beaurifuliy!" "But, my good fellow, I
Lv.'e not sp; -ken a word." "Ah! monsieur,
I could te i: all by your movements, jind I
know monsieur from the photographs in the
shop windows." Cincinnati Enquirer.
Cure tc-r Whonpicg CouIi.
Iu order to euro whooping congh in "War
v . 1 -kshir vi'.la-re. England.' thev cut a niece
i i i-oir iixxn lae i:apo of tho child's neck, !
ci-c it very -ae and spread it on a piece of
j 'jrt ad and gi rp it to a dog. New YorkSim
RESPITE FROM THE HOrcMOP.S OF
THE "HELLO" MACHINE.
I dUli Crny'H Intent Invention A ton.
trlvuix-fl Wlilcli I'romlf to lseitt fie
Telephone Written Muue Dopll
Cut I liy Wire, NoihcIeKkljr untl Kxartly.
I'rofcs-yir Elisha Grny, of Highland Park,
has just completed an in vention scarcely less
wonderful and vuluablo than tho telephone,
tf which he was also the inventor, but of
which ho was defrauded. "Within a few
days," said tho professor tho other day,
shall give a private test of my new telauto
graph, on invention which will largely sup
plant the telephone. Bv this invention you
ran tit, down at your olllco in Chicago, take
a pencil in your hand, write a message tome,
and aa your pencil moves a pencil hero in my
laboratory moves simultaneously and forms
tho same letters and words in the same way.
What you write in Chicago is instantly re
produced hero in fao-simile. You may write
in any language; write in shorthand if you
like, use a code or cipher, no matter, a fac-
siinile is produced hero. If you wish to draw
a picture it is the same the picture is repro
duced here. Tho artist of your paper cau,
by this device, telegraph bis pictures of a
railway wreck or other occurrence, just as a
reporter telegraphs Lm description m.words.
The two pencils move synchronously, and
there i.i no reason why a circuit of 500 miles
cannot bo worked as easily us one of ten
"Thii telautograph will supplant tho tele-
phono for many purposes. It can bo worked
in exchanges, just as the telephone is, or by
privKt-o wire. It-has many advantages, t-K.
It is noiseless aud devu! 1 of tho many annoy
ances so common to tho telephone. It will
bo much less affected by induction. There
will bo no troablo iu catching words or 1
Ir.bles, letters or figures. No misunderstand
ings will result. Besides, it loaves u record
at both ends of tho wire, and there can bo no
dispute about what was paid. For all com
mercial transactions this would bo an in
valuablo feature In ordering goods, ori-ale3
of stocks or grain, or in transmitting names
or addresses its superiority over tho tele
phone is obvious. For desultory conversa
tions, it is true, it would not bo so rapid of
working, for tho reason that one cannot
write as fast as he can talk, but, ou the other
hand, it would save many of the dehys and
annoyances incident to telephonic ccinmuni
cution. WIU7IXO A MESSAGE.
"When one person wishes to communicate
with another by tho telautograph bo pushes
a button, which rings an anuunciator in the
exchange, or Li the oaleo of tho person with
whom Lo wishes to converse. Then the first
party takes his writing pencil from its holder
and thi3 may Lo pen tr pencil and writes
his message upon a roll of paper. As Le
writes so writes tho pencil et tho other end of
tho wire. Finishing his message, he odds a
cross, or any other simple token that he has
finished, when tho second party takes down
Lis pencil and writes a reply. Thus a con
versation can be carried on easily aud quickly,
and when it is finished another single word
say tho telegraphic signal "HO" will indi
cate tho end. Both parties Lave a full record
of tho conversation, aud each possesses the
"In writing," continued tho professor,
"your pen or pencil is attached to two small
wires, and these wires regulate tho currents
w hich control the pencil at tho other cud of
tho wire. But theso wires give you no
trouble. You hardly know they are there,
ami can write with as much facility as if they
"Can this invention be used to advantage
"Yts, It will cot cost moro than 13 or
$20, and is easily kept in order, I have tried
it again and again, and it works moro per
fectly than the telephone, and is much less
liabio to have its usefulness interfered with
bv induction." Chicago Herald.
Catcliinj rofi?ofiico Thieves.
Around the walls of the distributing rooms
of the postofiico in this city are imbedded a
number of iron ecreena, which appear to be
so many hot air registers. To the unsus
pecting and uninitiated the registers appear
to be perfectly natural objects of tho archi
tecture, antl would attract no particular at
tention, but tho wily robber of tho mails
knows full well that an inspector is most
Kkely gecrettd behind ono oi thoso screens
watching hi: every action. Behind these
screens are small closets, w hich aro reached
tarough a seri.-s cf intricate and secret pr.s
saewavs leadiug from the ofiico of tha in-
isijeetors. If an employe is suspected a keen
eyed minion of the inspectors' department
kce;3 a continual watcu until satisfied of tho
guile cr iunuceiico of tho suspect. When
cauvhS in the art the thieving employe is
brought to the iu-.:peftors' quarters, searched
an.l then placed under bands tor appearance
Lot'ore tau United Stales eumniLviouer, or, if
Le fails to procuro the nccc-sary bonds, is
thrown into jail to cwaij trial, 'i'lta j roofs
of Lis guilt are kf-nt in an immense sole iu
tha iuspeetorv room, ta be produced ts cvi-d-
nee against the accused tit the trial.
The preparation cf decoy letteis and pack
ages in llie inspector's private ol'icc is nn in
teresting procedure, but it is as ? eeret as the
movements of tho allegorical Father Time.
If a business homo in town Las been taissing
remittances sent in unregistered letters, the
inrpeetor secures ono of tho printed envel
opes of the firm, marks it so it can be identi
fied, and sends it to a distant town to be de
posited in the mails. That particular envelope
is traced through to its destination, if it ever
reaches there, mid if some unfortunate appro
priates its contents for "personal use," it s all
day and several years with that unfortunate.
Other similar "decoys" are sent, if neces
sary, as occasion requires. Tho handwriting
on the various envelopes differs greatly in
tize and general appearance, to suit tho par
ticular case- upon which tho inspectors are
wcrking. Tha packages w hich are to act as
decoys to the thieving clerk are skillfully
gotten up and very deceptive in appearance.
Seals with Ballast.
The seals are carnivorous mammals divided
into two classes the I'Locae, or common
seals, with rudimentary cars, and the Otariae
(sea lions, bears, elephants), which have the
ears developed. In a late paper before some
British naturalists, Dr. A. J. Harrison stated
that the Otariae, which inhabit the waters of
the southern hemisphere, are supposed by the
Cshermea to have an internal pouch in w hich
rvSled stoin3S are cai-ried to enable the ani
mal to sink b.iow the sea's surface when fat.
Observations have shown, however, that the
so called ballast bag" ia only the stomach.
To account for the presence of the stones in
this organ it has been suggested that they are
it: tended to aid in the trituration of food,
while other persons believe that they Lave
been accidentally introduced with the food,
or iu play. Similar rounded stones have been
found in sealr. and sea lion3 which Lave been
confined in London, and tho stomach of a
Newfoundland seal which died at Cliftcn in
contained gravel, auts and uieces of
stick. Arlujisaw Traveler.
COSTUMES IN ALGIERS.
DrcKa of the Poorer Ciar Ample Dm-
prrjr of th W nltlijr.
It it a strange fact that many of the na
tives of hot countries wear almost the saino
clothing winter and summer, and do not
ccm to suffer from cold when the thermom
eter ptands at a few degrees, in the severest
weather, alwve freezing oint. Arab women
are always curious to see how Euro-teaii la
dies ere dressed, and examino attentively
their clothes and jewelry. If tho Europeans
show tho same interest, and inquire into tho
dressing of the natives, they often find to
their surprise, on cold days, on lifting the
Laik of a Moorish woman, nothing but a
gauze chemise and a thin cotton budico cov
ering the breasts and a very small part of
the back, and from the waist to the feet cot
ton pantaloons, ample, it is true, but not
The haiks are often made of hand woven
wool, very thick and warm, others of silk,
wdiile the jioorer classes wear a fow yards of
thin white cotton stuff. The large haiks are
about eighteen feet long by five feet wide.
With ono of these, with their veil to tho
eyes and falling about fourteen inches, and
with pantaloons made up of seventeen yards
cf white eotton tied at the waist and ankl.M,
tho reader will have but little difllculty in
understanding how they can conceal thejr
figures and keep themselves warm. But such
ample drajiery is comparative luxury, and
enjoyed by the wealthy only.
The strict costume of the women is always
white, varying considerably in tone accord
ing to tho material; small stripes of blue or
pink silk aro occasionally seen in tho hai);.
The ample pantaloons are put on over others
of colored prints or silk brocades, which are
worn at Loin?, end s.:s r..... ..............
Large anklets filled with shot (khaiikhali
jingle as they move about. Their slippers
are of palo yellow, white, brown or black
patent leather, aud the height of fashion is
to wear everything of the same color; for in
stanco, yellow headkerchief bordered with
gold aud siik fringe, yellow ribbons to orna
ment tho thin chemise, yellow silk bodice,
pantaloons of tho same color and yellow
leather slippers. The rest of the costume is
white. But these gala dresses were not thoso
which we found most picturesque. The more
ordinary kind worn every day, hanging in
loose folds, and showing the lithe and luzy
orms beneath, wero more suited to an
artist's brush. F. A. Eridgman in Harper's
A Wonderful Scientific Calculation.
In tho course of a lecture in connection
with the Loudon Society for the Extension
of University Teaching, Sir James Fagot
eaid scjsjnco would supply tho natural lift? of
man with wonders uncounted. Ho remem
bered once hearing Mile. Janotha play a
presto by Mendelssohn, and Lo counted the
notes and tho time occupied. She olaved
D5 notes in 4 min. 3 sec. It seemed start
ling, but let them look at it in tho fai?
imount of its wonder. Every one of those
notes involved certain movements of a finger.
at least two, and many of them involved an
additional movement laterally as well as
thoso up and down. They also involved re
peated movements of the wrists, elbows and
arms, altogether probably not less than one
movement for each note. As there wero
twenty-four notc3 jior second, and each of
theso notes involved throe diitiuet musical
novemeuts, that amounted to seventy-two
novements in each second. Moreover, each
of those note3 was determined by the will to
a chosen place, with a certain force, at a cer
tain time, and with a certain duration.
Therefore there were four distinct qualities
iu each of the seventy-two movements in
Such were tho transmissions outward.
And all those wero conditional on conscious
ness of the position of each hand and each
finger before it was moved, and, while mov
ing it, the sound of each nota ami the force
of each touch, Thereforo there were ths-ee
conscious sensations for every note. Thero
wero seventy-two transmissions per second.
144 to and fro, and thosa with constant-
change of quality. Let them imagine it in
telegraph wires. Aud then, added to that.
all the time tho memory was remembering
each note in its duo time and place, and was
exercised in tho comparison of it with others
that came before. So that it would bo fan
to say that there were not has than 200 trans
missions of nerve force to and from tho
brain outward and inward every second, and
luring the whole of that time judgment was
being exercised as to whether the music was
bring played worse or better than before,
and the mma was conscious of some of the
emotions which the music was intended to
impress. Pall Mall Gazette.
Miss Itraddon's Noted Xovel.
Vs a girl Miss Bmddon was attracted both
to the profession of literature end the stage.
She acted in several country theatres, and at
the same time wrote short stories and lite
rary sketches, her first little books seeing the
ight through the pris3 of a provincial pub-
lsher. fcne hau written many tnues, boi.li
n the way of fiction and eisay, bofora "Lady
Itulley." Tho story of thr.t st'.rv is it
omar.ee in itself. Mr. Ia:xweJl Lad started.
ia moro or less cf rivalry to Dicker' first
periodical, a magasiuo called Itcbin Gorl
i'ellow. Dr. Mackay was its editor, and Las
el.'u3 "Wraxall was his second in conmiand.
There had been sorao difficulty in regard to
tho opening novel, in consequence of which
tho new periodical was upon tho eve of post
ponement, a serious contretemTs in tho f ace
of its extensively advertised date cf publica
tion. The day before a decision was neces
sary Miss Braddon heard of the diCicuity and
offered to write the story.
"But even if you were strong enough to fill
the position," was the publisher's reply,
"there is no time."
"How long could you give mef asked the
"Until to-morrow morning."
"At what time to-niorvow morning?" v
"If tho first installment was cn my break
fast table to-morrow morning," lie replied,
indicating by his tone and manner the utter
impossibility of the thing, "it would be ia
The next morning the publisher found upon
his breakfast table the opening chapters of
"Lady Audley's Secret."
Robin Goodfellow did not Lit the public.
It did not live to finish "Lady Audley."
Maxwell lost money over it; but be discov-e-ed
Miss Braddon, whose story took the
town in its three volume shape, and laid in
the foundation of a lasting fame and pros
perity. New York Mail and Express,
Ten Picture cf Crp."
Frank G. Carpenter comes from Ohio, and
is placed among our most popular letter
writers. Ha is tall and thin. Las nxldisb
hair and mustache, and Lis pale blue eyes
are indicative of a sanguine temperament.
He lias a peculiar voice, not unpleasant,
and when listening to conversations of in
terest Lis face is wonderfully animated.
He Las great perseverance, and when in
search for an interview Le is seldom unsuc
ccssfuL Mrs. Carpenter is a tall, Landsome
woman, and wears Ler hair brushed back
from a clear, white brow. Their littlo I toy
Jack, 3 years old, is a bright cLild. Ho Lai
not commenced his "literary career yet.
Washington Cur. Kew York World.
e Plattsmouth Herald
3Ts on joying aBoomin both, its
Will be one during which the subjects of
national interest and import nee will bo
strongly agitated and the election of a
President will take place. rl lie people of
Cass County who would like to learn of
and Social Transactions
of this year and would keep apace with
the times should
FOU EITHER TIIK
Daily or Weekly Herald
Now while we have the subject before the
people we will venture to fpeak ot our
Which is first-class in all respects and
from which our job printers are turning
out much satisfactory work.
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