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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 7, 1888)
PLATTS3IOUTH, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1888,
CvuocUiuea, 1st ward,
" 2nd "
" Jrd "
I J W JOHNS N,
Pub.Work Chkd (ioiiur.K
l II Hawks W
J l HIMPMON
C 11 .SMITH
J II WATKUMAN
J H Matiikwm
W II MALIUft
A W Will I K
I 1 M .lKlt
J Wm Wkhkk
8 W Dui r N
1 I McCAi.i.r.v. Pntcs
Trsssurer. - I. A. Campbrxl.
lpuiy Treasurer, - - Twm. 1'oli.ock
OUrk. - - Bird C'RiTCiirucLa
' Deputy Clerk. - KiiCki r"H n ki.u
iUeorJer of Deeds - W. .11. 1'ool
lputy KecurUer - JohnM Lkyua
Clar of OLtncl Co art. W. C. Siiowaltkk
bertft, - J. C. Kikrnhah
Surveyor. - - - A. Madolk
Attoroay. - - - Allkn Bkkson
BupLof Pub. Scboola. - Mavwakd 8KIKK
County J udtto. - C JtuasaiA.
boibd or aurcBVisoRs.
' a. . Todd. - - ruttsmouth
Louis Koltz, Cu'ip.. Weeping wter
A. B. Di sox. - fc.inwood
" ;. CIVIC SOGIKTJiS.
-M- - W
" flASS LODOK fo. 1UJ. I O. O. F.-Meets
VaryTueidajr ereulnx of each week. All
'. transient brothers are respectfully Invited to
, i attend. .
PLATTMOUTH ENCAMPMENT No. 3. I.O.
O. V.. meeu every alternate Friday In
Mb month In the Masonic UalL Visiting
Bratbars are in Tit ad to attend.
T BIO LODGE NO. 84. A. O. V. W. Meets
very alternate Friday evening at K. of P.
- " " kail. Transient brothers are respectf ully In
' altad to attend. F.J. Morgan.MasterWorkman ;
X. 8. Baratow. Foreman ; Frank Brown. Over
aaar: I. Bowen, Guide; Oeoige Housworth.
' Becorder ; 11. J. Johnson. Financier; Wah.
Bmttb. Keeelver ; M. May bright. Fast M. W.;
. Jack Daugherty, lualdetiuard.
CASS CAMP NO. 332. MODEBN WOODMEN
of America Meets seeoml and fourth Mon
day evening at K. of P. ball. All transient
brother are requested to meet with us. L. A.
yawcomer. Venerable Consul : i. K, Nile.
Worthy Adviser ; D, B. Smltn, Ex Hanker ; W.
-JO. WUletU, Clerk.
P LATTSMOUni IXJDOE NO. 8. A. O. V. W.
Meets every alternate Friday evening at
Bock wood ball at 8 o'cIock. All transient broth
era are respectfully invited 10 attend. I. .
Larson. M. W. ; F. Boyd. Foreman : 8. C.
WUde. Kecorder ; Leouard Anderson. Overseer.
MoCOMIHIE POST 43 C. A. R-
J. W. JoHjrsox ...Commander.
O. 8. Twins Senior Vice
F.A.Bates Junior .i',f
Ono. Niles Adjutant.
HaXBT 8TBRIOHT J. M.
MaloX Dixoh Officer of the Day.
Csjablks Ford " o " "ujird
AhdmdOX FRY . SerKt Major.
jAnoa uonb'.emav.: ..Quarter Master Sfrgt.
j,. C. Curtis Post Chaplain
jfeatinir .Saturday evenios
. r arson al attention to all Business Entrust
ta say care.
Q XOTABYIS OFFICE.
Title Examined. Ahstarct Compiled, In-
j amranea Written, Keal Estate Sold.
Better Facilities for making Farm Loans than
Any Qttier Agency
Piattsmoutli, - Nebraska.
B. B. Windham, Johx A. Da vir.s.
Notary Public. Notary Public.
Attorneys - at - Law.
Office over Bank cf Cast County.
Plattsmocth, - - Nkbraska.
IN SUBMCE -GEHTS
Represent the following time
tried and fire-tested companies:
American Central-St. Louis, Assets
Caramerctal Union-England. M
Home-New York. "
las. Co. of Worth America. PhU. -LlvarpoalALondan&
Berth British Jk Mercantile-Kn
artagfleld F. M,-Speingfleld, "
7.855. V 9
Total AsseU. 143.113.774
Ussss AfjnstP.i ni Pail at this Agency
VJHEII YOU VJftUT
THEY WANT TO SETTLE.
En. . laarson,
Cor. 12th and Granite Streets.
ccirac. or cad Hnlldcr
J9pt. 12-o, .
Tri Burlington strlkeres Ask th
Issue be 8ettled by Arbitration.
Superintendent IStone Tells What
He Cannot Consent What
He Offer ss to Do.
Chicago, 111., April 6. General Man
ager Jeffreys, of the Illinois Central road,
in company with Messrs. Sargent, Mana
han, llogo and Murphy, called at the
Chicago, Burlington & Qincy fliccs today
Sargent acted as spokesman in btthalf of
the late engineers and fireman of the "Q"
road, and urged that the whole matter
ba left to arbitration. The railroad com
pany officials said that such a proposition
was inaduiissable at the present time, and
the situation of the new invn and the
terms on which they ware engaged were
fully explained. General Manager Stone
urged Sargent to hare the strike called
off, promising to consider applications
from the old men and give as many of
them as he could situations.
Grand Master Sargent, after the confer
ence concluded, left for his heme at Terrs
Haute, leaving the local situation in the
hands of Chairman Hotro, of the Burling
ton grievance committee. The latter
said tonight tne conference left the situa
tion practically unchanged. They could
not consent to having their men taken
back in batches. He denied that there
waj any thing in the rumor' prevalent to
night to the effect that .the strike had
been called off.
ABOUT THE ZUNIS.
The Texas Border Unprotected.
El Paso, Tex., April 6. T.wenty-three
employs of the El Paso CoBtura House,
mostly mounted inspectors guarding the
Rio Gransle border and- international
boundary line between 1 Paso and
Yuma, Ariz., have been discharged on
account of the failure of Congress to
pass the necessary appropriation bills.
This leaves nearly a thousand miles of
frontier line practically unprotected
against smugglers, and the Mexican
contrabandits who infest the line, 'not
only along the northern border of Chi
hauhau but also along the Sonora line,
are said to be perfectly aware of the fact
that no appropriation will be available
before the first of July, and that until
then they will have full swing. South
west of Nogales, particularly, there are a
few hot-beda of smuggling, which are
reported as full of activity at present.
They want to make hay while the sun
shine. The custom officials of the dis
trict are aware of these facts, but in the
present crippled condition of the force
are unable to to do anything.
BrouBht Back to Life
Nebraska Citt, Neb., April 7. A lit
tle daughter of Mr. and Mrs. O. A. Swift
suffering for some time with typhoid
pneumonia, sank rapidly yesterday and
last night was pronounced dead by the
attending physician, and this position
was concurred in by all present, there be
in; all the appearanee of death. The
grfef of the family and heart-rending
cries of the mother as she clasped the
body of the child seemed to awake it as
from a deep sleep, for she opened her
eyes, breathed and haa-beep growing rap
idly better since. She is now pronounced
out of danger. The case is aremarkable
one and the physicians do not pretend to
be able to explain it.
Burned to Death by Whiskey.
Wilkksbarkb, Pa., April 7. Mary
Sharp, of Manemac, was engaged in the
manufacture of whiskey this afternoon,
when a pot containing some tipped over
into the- hot fire. The fluid blazed, set
ting fire to her clotniug, and she was
burned to death in a few moments. Three
of her children, who tried to save her,
were also burned. The husband vand
father, John Sharp, who was at work at
the time, 14 reported to have become
Fight With Spaniards
Madrid, April 7. Advices from
Zoolos say fighting recently broke out
between the Spanish garrison and Zoolo
natives and tea Bpaniirds and 100 natives
were killed and many wounded, includ
ing a number of officers. The new
viceroy general hss been instructed to
enforce Spanish supremacy in the Philli
pine, Caroline, Mariana and Pelew
A Frightful Accident-
New York, April 7. Last night at the
Deleware iron foundry six men while en
gsged in casting a large cylinder, were
precipitated into the mould together
with the ladle and moulteu iron. Two
of them were so fearfully burned they
cannot survive, and the other four were
THE INHABITED VILLAGES WHICH
NOW EXIST ARE MODERN.
A Curious reople, bat Not In the Least
Ingenoas. 80 smi Explorer Bay Sevan
Tuuyan Village The Descent of Prop
rty In the Female Line.
Cosmos MendelofT has returned from Ari
zona to Washington. Mendeleff, as bis name
indicates, is a Russian, and he is an intelli
gent and expert explorer on the stall of Ma J.
John W. Powell, chie fof the bureau of eth
nology. For six years ho and his older
brother, Victor, have been engaged in the
survey of the antique ruins of Chaco and the
inhabited pueblos of Zuni and the seven vil
lages of Tusayan, and together they mapped
the queer habitations of those mysterious
Ieople, and have made for the National mu
seum models of the largest and most interest
ing pueblos. Victor still lingers in Arizona
to finish a portion of the work, but will arrive
here in about a fortnight. Mendeleff has
made some 300 photographs and a large
number of free hand sketches of the strange
residences of this remnant of a race.
"I don't know that there is much that is
really new," said Mendeleff. "It was for
merly, indeed recently, thought that the
pueblos were very ancient the same in which
this half civilized race lived at the time of the
Spanish conquest but we now know better.
The inhabited villages which exist today are
all modern. It was formerly supposed that
the Tusayan Indians never changed their
place of abode, but held to the same site from
generation to generation. It is now known
that they have been in the habit of abandon
ing their old houses and building new. In
early days the villages were mostly in the
lowlands, and they were gradually crowded
up or climbed np to the practically inacces
sible mesas sharp cliffs, easily . defensible.
The reasons for an abandonment of villages
and the building of others ore many, some
times military, but often rooted in some
"The builders of these pueblos bad very
meager architectural attainments. Their
houses are poor piles of stone and mud. Their
ingenuity was puerile. The. element of skill
is almost wholly lacking. These curious
ruins are simply an evidence of the existence
of a race with unlimited time at their dis
posal and unlimited material at hand. very
whore is showns lamentable lack of con
structive ability. They did not know how
to make a square room, or how to rear .one
wall at right angles, or how to build a wall
plumb to another, or how to make a circle or
even a straight line."
SXVKX TUSATAJf VILLAGER.
Mr. Mendeleff has comprehensive photo
graphs of the seven Tusayan villages. Each
village consists of fifteen or twenty houses
and each house of several residences. The
house is a series of terraces, receding as they
rise. The first story is about seven feet high,
and is approached from without only by a
ladder, which leads to a hole in the roof. In
war times the ladder is always pulled up.
From the rear of this story rises the second
story, seven feet Lgher, mounted also by a
ladder, and other ladders lead to a third and
perhaps fourth story. Of course, the first
story under this arrangement is of much the
largest and the upper story of much the
smallest area, and as the latter is the light
est, the best ventilated and the safest, being
deofensible from all the roofs below, it is the
favorite habitation, and usually occupied by
the officers and the aristocracy. It is esti
mated that in all the seven .Tusayan villages
there ore 2,000 persona. They live mainly on
Indian corn, squashes and beans. They are
under Mormon influence, and will not per
mit a census or hold much intercourse with
Americans. .CoL and Mrs. Stevenson had
trouble with them, and were compelled to de
part. Mr. Mendeleff and bis party were
treated remarkably well, and are puzzled in
trying to account for it.
"Perhaps the oddest thing,", added Mr.
Mendeleff, after s moment's pause, "is the
status of woman in these queer communities.
She owns all the houses and most of the
property. The man owns the crop in the
field, but as soon as it is harvested it belongs
to his wife. She controls the house and all
that is in it. She works steadily and con
stantly in the duties of the household, but
she does no field work, and, taking it all
together, her condition compares favorably
With that of the American farmer's wife.
The descent of all property is in the female
line and through the mother; it is she who
makes the will and provides for the offspring.
"What does the man own, then?" I asked.
'The donkeys, perhaps," he said; "but I
am not sure about that."
"And the land!"
"Jxo, the land is not owned individually,
Erer since before historie time land has been
owned by the whole nation, on the Henry
George plan. If an Indian goes ont and
takes up some land not in use and cultivates
it nobody can take it from him. ' But if he
stops using it anybody else can jump it. It
belongs to the fellow that can use it."
iHow does that workp
"There are no millionaires. There is about
the same degree of comfort tha there is
among very poor people anywhere. As to
land, the shrewdest and smartest Indian
manages to get the best, the same as under
anv system." Washington Cor. New York
The vyomen Sworn In,
Oskaloosa, Ean., April ft.The ladies
whose election to the office of mayor and
council has brought in a deluge of tele-,
grams and special reporters, took the oath
of office today, and will at once assume
tbpjr official duties. They declare for
law and order and public Improvement.
The Moorish Difficulty
LoKDOir, April 7. A dispatch from
Tnngiers says everything remain quiet.
It is generally expected a satisfactory
settlebieat of the differences between
the American and Moorish governments
will be effected through the mediation of
the British, Frrnclwand Italian .ministers.
Fire Insurance written fn the
AEtna, Phoenix and Hartford, by
Windham 4t Davles.
There are 21 reasons why you
should purchase lots in South park,
pee page A. fOtf
SELLING BY PHOTO.
THE CAUSE OF THE DECLINE OF
THE DRUMMER'S GRIP.
Bulky Samples Have Given Way to Photo
graph Colored rrMDtmDU of Doll
rate Wares and Intricate MccbanUnts.
Employment for Women.
The commercial tourist is being divorced
from his traveling bags, or, to speak nioro
tersely, the drummer is dropping his "grips."
Tho only infallible mark of tho drummer
will now be tho pockets which bulgo with
paper covered novels. The cause of the de
cline of the gripsack is'tbe colored photo
graph. The bulky samples that the travel
ing man used to bear from place to place,
and which were, so to speak, his badge of
office, he has replaced with counterfeit pre
sentments of the same.
Delicate, true, light and compact, these
pictures, carried about in the pocket, can
represent an immense quantity of goods in
such a manner that there is no mistaking
tint, quality, texture or f Tcj' ivvc
sent everything from machinery to bric-a-brac
and from kitchen stoves to ladies' slip
pers. Those which need no coloring like
the stoves and machinery are simply pho
tographed in black and white. But the pho
tographs are the very best of their kind, and
set forth each part with a faithfulness that
is remarkable. In the most intricate ma
chinery every bit of belting, every wheel,
cog, arm and elbow is mott understandably
produced from every point of view.
' But the inviting alburns ore those which
contain tte colored photographs. These are
used in particularly large quantities by the
crockery and the furniture houses. The for
mer find use for them because their wares
ore so fragile; the latter because they are so
cumbersome. The pictures of the bric-a-brac
and the fine china are wonderfully delicate,
and it is a surprise to learn that the micro
scope is never used in the painting of them.
Tho work is done entirely by young women.
One photographer keeps eight or ten quite
steadily employed. The work is taken to the
houses of the artists, and done there as a
usual thing. It requires mueH more art than
the ordinary painter of photographs uses in
putting a touch of carmine on the cheeks or
a dash of azure on the eyes of a portrait. The
painting of texture is several degrees above
this, and this must be thoroughly understood.
The soft satin wear, the Worcester and royal
Dresden, the queen and Bohemian, the clays
and porcelains, all have a very different fin
ish, which must be preserved in the photo
graph if it is to be of any value. It needs
not only accurate but strong eyes, a steady
and delicate touch, and a most painstaking
Young women are the very ones out of all
the world in whom all of these qualities are
combined, and that is tho reason that this
pretty toil is given them so universally.
But there is another reason an old, famil
iar reason. A man could not make enough
to keep him. The work must ba done by
girls who have homes. To be sure, one can
moke $2.50 a day at the coloring of the photo
graphs of china or bric-a-brac, and now and
then Dy working over hours and very stead
ily it might be possible to make $4. Such
arduous work could hardly . be repeated on
two successive days, however. But, though
this wage is not bad, it has the drawback of
being fluctuating and unreliable. Ono week
there may be quantities of work, the next
week none at alL
One of tho conditions of successful photo
graph painting of this fine nature is absolute
silence. A positive concentration of the
faculties is needed, and most of the girls who
do the work have little studios where tbey
can quietly work by themselves. Here, with
big aprons protecting their dresses, their
photographs set on a little inclined
board before them, and their case of
liquid paints close at hand, they patiently
strain their young eyes over the almost in
finitesimal figures which they are coloring.
It is very confining, and no doubt the spas
modic demands are blessings in disguise, for
continued application to it would bs apt to
tell seriously upon the nervous system.
The tinting of the photographs of furni
ture is simpler on the whole, although, many
wholesale houses have their furniture up
holstered, fn cretonne before it is photo
graphed. Cretonne, of course, admits of
coloring, which plush does not.
The business is one which is likely to in
crease steadily and to extend to many
branches of commerce which have not yet
This fact has been recognized by the deo,
mute school on the west aide, and the artel
coloring commercial photographs is among
the. industries in which the pupils are being
instructed. The abnormal development of
sight and touch which all deaf mutes possess
makes them especially fitted for this work.
A woman who was one of the first to advise
teaching artistic branches in this school said
the other day: "Jo one who has not
watched the development cf these ehil?
drn can imagine what a difference the
introduction of the light arts has made in
their lives. They have gained in self-respect,
as well as in enjoyment of life. Many of
them had been regarded as little less than im
becile in their own homes, and some had. been
the recipients of all the cuffs and kicks that
that an ill-natured household chose o bestow
upon thm. At the very best they were con
sidered a great cross.
"In the school, after a thorough system of
communication had been established, we in
structed them in the common branches ami
then gave them an industrial course, Th?
girls were taught dressmaking, the boys car- -j
penterjng. put seemed to us finally that
ice were making a mistake in putting them
in competition with such a great number as
overcrowd those trades. As an experiment.
we put a teacher in modeling in the school.
You wo imagine nothing more touching than
the scekie the firdt morning wegave them the
clay. Tbey took to it as ducka do to water,
There was nothing of the awkwardness in
Mndlmi it which most children show at first.
Why, they began making things of their own
accord immediately, and some of the faces
which had always been as . blank as a wall
previously were lit up with a sudden vivacity,
It was the same with drawing, for which we
engaged a teacher from the Art institute.
CTqm these experiments we gathered courage.
We perceived that we could make engravers.
designers, wood carvers, architects and decQ.
rators out of our poor unfortunate children,
and in time we shall try tn do, e,U that.tW
Tho I)iyliglt Store.
Just after our inventory, we reduce
prices to sell the goods rather than to
carry over. We ure willing to sell our
entire Winter Goods at cost. Staples we
have a largo quantity and offer them
very low. Cnlicos 3 to 5 cents per yard,
making the In-ht standard of thcin at 20
yards for $1.00. Gingham best dress
styles 10 cents per yard. Dress gtoda
ull kinds at the very lowent prices, from
5 cents per yard upward. Woolen hose
wo offer at cost, extra fnc. Ladies cath
inere hose, worth $1.00, now 75 cents,
fine heavy wool 40 cents, now 2"i child
ren's line ribbed worth 50, now fo. Un
der wear must go at low prices, as wo
will not keep them over.
Our Gents Silver Grey Merino Shirts
nn 1 'l-iw-r r-v. v j-:ic s 50 now 3.1.
Our Gcuts'bJlver grey marino shirts
and drawers, extra quality 75 now 50.
Our Scarlet all wool shirts and draw
ers fine quality $1.00 now 75 cents.
Our scarlet all-wool shirts and draw
ers, fine quality $1.25 now 1.00.
Our scarlet all-wool shirts and draw
ers, fine quality $1.75 now 1,25.
O.ir scarlet all-wool shirts and draw
ers, fine quality $2.00 now 1.40.
liJKlies' - Underwear,
EQUALLY AS CHEAP.
Our 25 per cent, discount on cloaks, is
still good. We are determined to close
out our entire stock and never before
has such an opportunity been offered to
economical buyers to purchase the best
qualities for so little money.
Joseph V. Wcckbach.
I Solomon & - Haitian. 1
S - : III
As per previous announcement, we had
fully determined to discontinue business in
Piattsmoutli and so advertised accordingly and
now, as satisfactory arrangements have been
perfected for the continuance ot same under the
management of Mr. J. Finley and Ji. F. Iiuff
nei as book-keeper and cashier, we herewith
notify our friends and patrons of our final de
cision and kindly solicit a continuance of your
kind patronage, so freely extended during the
past sixteen years, by the addition of compe
tent clerical force.
On account of Mr. Solomon leaving the
city and by the adoption of the strictly
Courteous treatment, and an elegant new
Spring - Stock
"We trust to merit your good will and patron
age. VERir RESPECTFULLY,
Solomon yiatfia n,
The New PhotographGaNery
- Will be open January 24th, at the
OIxD STSB OF F. . C&lUTlf
All work warranted first-class.
W"- IE. CTJTLE3
- . (
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