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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 26, 1887)
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PliATTSMOUTIf, NKBUASICA, MONDAY EVENING, SEPTHJinint 1SH7.
FIRST YE All
plfeiii0iifi Pftfli ittl '
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i. I.. i- . FSTT ... . f
.1 I) Stjimos
: M SMITH
J II WA'll'llllAN
.IS Mai ii khh
V II Mali k
J J V WwKliAl II
1 A W Wim r.
tl M .!.v KS
I Vi Wkiiwic
j M l M " icl'ii V
t H W Duno.v
j K S .l:i' I'M'.i.
I J V J'MI.SH s''l!AIK.M AN
lioard Pub. WorkH-" hki ioiiK
t I) II HAWKmWoKTII
;im k I District Coarr,
iM puty Sheriff.
Attorury. - -Siivt.
oi lnl School, -County
no AUK sur
Louis F.u.tz, I'h'iu.,
A. IS. Toii.
A. 15. 1I KSOX,
1. A. IJUII'IIKI.L
.1. .M. ItolilNhON
', t MOk'llKUSON
J. II. KlHKNHAia
11. C. V KII.M AND
Al.l.KN liMKH N
M A .N. l l Sri V K
. GIVIG SOGIJ'VMKS.
rpuio mh.ch s k yt. a. o. ii. v. m7-T7s
I'Vt-ry al.iTii.it I'riiluy evrnin :it I. ol I,
liall. Triinsii'iit iroih-r iir- ifsucctlully in
vited to :itli'iid. K. K. Wliilf, .M.isicr Woikiii.m ;
-It. A, 'iiiIm. l iiin;iii ; b'.J. .Morgan, Ovijlster ;
J.J.. .Mums. Ki-coriler.
1i,..vrrs.unrii i.oi;k m. , a. o. v. w.
M-ut.j evi-ry :iliiriiiit: Friday i'v'iiin :it
,; KiM-kwooit halt ;it x o'rl.x'K. All I lai'Mi'iit lirot ti
ers arf respectfully invited to ntteiiil. .1. A.
.4iiit-ielje, M. W. ; S. C, ;ie n. Koreinan : S. C.
AVililK, Kccorder ; S. A. Noweouier. Overfer.
' ' McCOHIHlE POST 45 C. A. R.
' It'" i KOSTKU, , !
Sam. M. "ii ai-man Co!i;in:inder,
C. S. Twins....
V. A. ISatks
Jony W. Wooih...
AtUiUBT TAKTSt II..
.Iiiiin cnmcit: an...
. P. IIOIXOWAY,..,
11. K. Ll VINIISTON,.
ullicerof the lav.
" " nuird
. Piwt Clianlain
Kerular meet inirs. 2nd and 4th Tliiir.-div 't
eacli moiitli at l'ost Hcadiiu.uteis iu Kock
Watcbes, Clocks, Jewelry
SiiecialAt-eiit on 2i7caWatcli Rspiriiig
A7E WILL HAVE A
AT THE USUAL
SMITH & BLACK'S
WHEN YOU WANT
Cor. 12th and Gntnlte Street?.
Contractor and Builder
MANTFACTCItKK OK AND
WHOLESALE & RETAIL
DKALETl IX TI1K
Choicest Brands of Cigars,
Flor de PeppcrbergoT.'and 'Buds
TOBACCO AND SMOKERS' ARTICLES
always in stock. Nov. 26, 18S5.
' Mayor, -
T ri':i.irc r,
Couiioilnten, 1st ward,
" . 2nd . "
. 4th. "
tASS CAMI' XII.ISJ, MOHKIiN W'OODMKN
" ' ol AiiicriiM jif.'ls .s-;nui a;ul finirni Mon
day ovt-niir ut. k. of I. liall. : Alt transii'iit
lirolli-.T art rciiucsi.-i! to in. i-t with n. I. A.
Kewiro nrr. Vtrin;r;itti Oinnil ; V.(!, W'illi-tts,
Vorthy Vilvisi-r ; I', Miruj, lix-liiiiiker ; J. K.
B. I IcElwain,
Latest by Telegraph.
ItOnilOWKU ANII KTUl.KN.
AVKSTKHX I.KAti UK, BATUItDAY.
Oniahii vh. ILiHtintcs, at Omaha; .Hast
ings !, Otnalia 8.
Kausas City, vs. .Lincoln, at Kansas
City; Lincoln 10, Kansas City .
Topoka vs. Denver, atToptkn; Denver
12, Toix ka 13.
O in all a vs. Masting, at Omaha; Hast
ings 5, Onuiha 4. ;
Kansas City vs. Lincoln, at Kausas City;
Lincoln 10, Kausas City 4.
Indianapolis vs. Washington, at In
dianapolis; Washington 7, Indianapolis 1.
I'iitslmrg vs. Philadelphia, at Pitts
burg; Philadelphia 12, Pittsburg 3.
Second game, Pittsburg 1, Philadelphia
vs. Boston, at Chicago; Bos
ton io, Chicago 4. Second' game, Bos
ton 0, Chicago 4.
Detroit vs. New York, at Detroit;
New York 7, Detroit 0.
OTHKIt (iAMES 8ATUIU.YY.
Exter vs. Friend, at Exter; Friend 15,
E.xter 1(5. - - -
Brooklyn vs. Athletcis, at Brooklyn;
Athletics 5, Brooklyn 21.
Minneapolis vs. Des Moines, at Minne
apolis; Des Moines 10, Minneapolis 4.
Baltimore vs. Metropolitans, at Bal
more; Metropolitans 7, Baltimore 2.
Louisville vs. Clevelany, at Iiulsviile;
Clevel nvl 1. Louisville H.
('.;.. .- - C::;cin-
n-;ti; St. Louia ",
Brown's vs. Cincinnati, at Cincinnati;
Cincinnati 8, Brown's 4.
Brooklyn vs. Baltimore, at Brooklyn;
Baltimore 5, Brooklyn 5, Brooklyn 2,
Louisville vs. Cleveland, at Louisville;
Cleveland 14, : Louisville 4. ,
The Iowa Farmer's Alliance.
Dks Moines, la., Sept. 2-1, The Farm
er's Alliance in Iowa during the past
year, has experienced an almost phenoin
inal growth. A year ago there were
hirdly a score of live alliances in the
state. Now there ate nearly three hun
dred, and the organisation is going on
at a rapid rate. Should the present ratio
be kept up there will, bo nearly one
thousand charters issued by January.
The objects of the alliance are as follows:
To secure the regulation and control
of railroads to the end that both freight
and passenger tariffs may be reduced to
the lowest minimum and all pools and
dircrimlnations be abolished.
To affect a change in the present sys
tem of taxation that all property, corpo
rate and individual, may bear its just
burden of the support of the government.
To establish mutual farmer's insurance
To protect the members of the alliance
from switnllcN'3 and dead beats.
To secure the benefits of social inter
course. One hundred tnd fifty delegates were
in attendance at the recent state meeting
in this city, an I resolutions were adopt
ed in accordance with the above. Dr.
Jesse Kennedy of Ida Grove, is presi
dent of the state association, and August
Post,of Moulton, is secretary. Either of
these gentlemen will answer all questions
in regard to the order. The organization
to-day is the strongest in th i central and
northwestern parts of the state. Shelby,
Adair, Crawford and Harrison, iu the
western part of the state, are all well
Rioting in Belfast.
Dublin, Sept 23. In Jlelfast last
night a mob wrecked an inn and pelted
the police with stones. The police were
reinforced and order was restored. Sev
eral league meetings :n Clare to-day
were dispersed by the police without
At the Capital City.
Minnie Sartelle is a new claimant for
the favor of Des Moiues play goers, "but
judging from her reception at the Capi
tal City hist night she has leaped into
popularity at a bound, ?and insured a
welcome at all times. In "A Plum Pud
ding," she is bright, lively, piquant and
full of chic, posesses no mean ability, has
a Iteautiful, cultivated, and flexible voice,
and much muscle talent.. .Her songs,
banjo solos, and manolin playing ' were
all taking and well executed. She is
ably supported by Geo. M. Spence as the
erratic tramp, lie is versatile, being "a
good comedian, a fine "ourietist, a good
player on the mandolin, and an artist,
one of his fine features being rapidly ex
ecuted charcoal portraits of Washington
and Butler. As "Michael O'Houlihan,"
Frank Hall is all that could be desired,
and the remainder of the company is
correspondingly good. To-night closes
the company's engagement, and those
who attend "will find "A Plum Pudding"
a royal ami spicy dish. Des Moines
The above play will be presented at
the opera house to-night '
A THEORY OF SLEEP.
PROFESSOR LEO ERRERA GIVES A
RESUME OF SOME POINTS.
Vfhat a Scientist Say on a Very Ira.
portant Subject Leucamxlnea and Pto
maines Work and Fatigue Somnaiu
nullum Kohlschlntter'a Experiments.
In an address to the Anthropological soci
ety of Brussels, Professor Leo Errera has
given a resumo of some points . in the chemi
cal theory of sleep. Tho phenomena of sleep
huvo in common with other vitul functions
tho character of periodicity. An examina
tion of such periodic functions in general
may aid in ascertaining tho causo of sleep.
The respiratory rhythm is regulated by tho
amount of oxygen and carlonic acid in tho
arterial blood. When tho blood is charged
with oxygen tho respiratory contcr momen
tarily suspends activity; but soon the tissues
yield their oxygon to tho blood, have it re
placed by carbonic acid, and the blood thus
modified acts as an excitant to tho respiratory
center. Knnko lias shown that the fatigue
and recovery of muscles is duo to a similar
alternation of tho accumulation and discharge
of certain "fatiguing substances," chief
ninong wldch is lactic acid. An injection of
this acid into fresh muscle renders it incapa
ble of work ; washing tho acid out restores
, . . SLEEP EXPLAINED.
Cannot sleep bo explained by a similar
chemical theory? Preyer has extended the
views of Binz, t)lcrsteiner and others (who
all agree in making the accumulation of cer
tain products of fatigue erniudungtoiTe
tho causo of sleep) by calling all such fatigu
ing products of activity "ponogetis." These
accumulate in waking life, are readily oxi
dizahle, anil absorb the oxygen intended for
glands, muscles and nerve centers until action
i.; Impossible and sleep sets in. Gradually tho
ponogens are destroyed by oxidation, slight
excitation is sufficient to arouse the centers,
and waking life begins. Among tho ponogens
Preyer counts lactic acid as the chief, but tho
experimental demonstration of this has been
unsuccessful, and the theory, accordingly,
not generally adopted.
Since these researches Armand Oautier has
found in the human body a series of flvo or
ganic bases akin to creatine, creatinine and
xanthine, and calls them "leucomaines" and
"ptomaines." The physiological properties
of these substances are narcotic, fatiguing
and sometimes lead to vomiting. This is just
what tho chemical theory requires. . The
periodicity of sleep would be explained by
tho conservation of energy being applicable
to all bodily activity; work must bo followed
by repair; life is a slow suicide. There is,
moreover, reason to believe that the action of
these leucomaines is a direct one upon the
brain ; it is a direct intoxication of tho brain
A CONSTANT STRUGGLE.
A theory of sleep must take account of
three factors work, fatigue and sleep. The
chemical theory satisfies these demands. All
work, muscular or cerebral, produces waste
products. Theso accumulate, make work
more and more difficult; tiiis is fatigue. As
the process continues, tho waste products,
notably tho leucomaines, intoxicate the higher
nerve centers (just as a dose of morphine
does), and render them incapable of action;
that i.- sleep. The picture is, however, much
more complex. There is a constant struggle
against the fatigue, which for a time, by dint
of hard work shown in increased secretions
and so on, may succeed. We probably never
arrive at tho extreme limit of work ; the sen
sation of fatigue intervenes- to prevent such a
Fatigue, as is well known, may extend
from muscle to nerve, and from nerve to
nerve center. We may be very tired from
repeatedly lifting a weight, and not be
sleepy, and may be generally sleepy without
any considerable local fatigue. One is peri
pheral, tho other central. As the waste pro
ducts accumulate iu the centers, motion and
sensation become more and more sluggish,
until the time comes when the ordinary
stimulation no longer arouses them, and we
sleep. Partial sleep can be similarly ex
plained. The centers go to sleep in a hie
rarchical order, the highest serving tho most
delicate function going first. In waking, the
reverse is tho case; the minor centers may be
asleep while tho intellectual centers are
awake. In somnambulism tho latter may be
asleep while the former aro awake.
THE DEPTH OF .SlEEP.
The depth of sleep, according to this theory,
ought to bo proportional to tho number of
cortieal molecules in combination with the
leucomaines. In tho beginning of sleep these
are abundant, the cerebral cells inactive, and
a combination easy. The sleep is deep. Soon
tho maximum number of combinations is
reached and sleep is deepest. From hero on,
the leucomaines are gradually eliminated and
destroyed, and sleep should decrease with a
decreasing intensity. Kohlschlutter's ex
periments on the intensity of sleep, as tested
by tho noise necessary to awake the patient,
gives tho curve for the intensity of sleep cor
responding to what we should expect by our
theory. Variations in our sleep, caused by
an excess of work, etc., are evidently similar
ly explicable. In short, fatigue is a poison
for which sleep is the normal antidote.
This theory maintains (1) that the activity
of all the tissues (and primarily of the two
most active, the nervous aud muscular) gives
rise to substances more or less allied to
alkaloids, the leucomaines; (2) that these in
duce fatigue and sleep; (3) that on waking, if
the body is rested, these substances have dis
To Prevent Seasickness.
We have already mentioned a number
of remedies for seasickness. Dr. Suther
land suggests another, which he employed
successfully in crossing the English chan
nel, he escaping when almost every one
was sick. He takes a tight hold of the
pillars supporting the deck, and, as the
boat rises in going over a wave, he rnns
uphill, as it were, reversing the direction
of his run when the boat descends the
Americans Bpend $30,000,000 In Europe
. TUe Jfelcborlng Darner."
. A new trade for women 4a Albany is that
, cf Neighboring darner." Tho woman who
' follows it has for her customers, a dozen or
twenty households, each of which she visit
weekly, and spends a few hours in doiny cp
the family darning and mending.
LINCOLN'S CELEBRATED PHRASE.
"lie Mario no Pretense of Originality In
the Matter," Says Ward II. Laiuon.
For using, in his Gettysburg. seech, tho
celebrated phrase "the government of the
people, by tho people, and for t!.o jieoplo
shall not perish from tho earth," Mr. Lincoln
has been subjected to brutal criticism as well
as the most groundless flattery. Sonio have
been base enough to insinuate against that
great and sincere man the crimo of willful
plagiarism; others have ascribed to him tho
honor of originating tho phrase entire. There
is injustice to him in cither view of tho cae.
I personally know that Mr. Lincoln made no
pretense of originality in tho matter, nor was
ho conscious of having appropriated the
thought or the words of any othr man.
If ho bo subject to tho charge of plagiar
ism, so is tho great Webster, who used sub
stantially the samo phrase iu his celebrated
reply to Hayne. Each may have acquired
the peculiar form of expression (the thought
itself being as old as tho republican idea of
government) by tho process known as uncon
scious appropriation. Certain it is that
neither Webster nor Lincoln originated tho
phrase. Let us see how the case stunds:
In the preface to tho old Wickliffe Biblo,
published A. J). 13.-1, is the following declara
tion: "This Biblo is for the government of
tho people, by the jieoplo and for the jM-ople,"
which language is identical with that em
ployed .by Mr. Lincoln in his Gettysburg
speech. In an address lief ore the New England
anti-slavery convention in Boston, May 20,
1850, Theodoro Parker defined democracy as "a
government of all the people, by all the people,
for all the peoplo of course." Substantially
tho same phrase was used by Judge Joel
Parker in the Massachusetts constitutional
convention iu 1S."k5. A distinguished diplo
mat has acquainted nie with tho singular fact
that almost the identical phraso employed by
Mr. Lincoln was used in another language,
by a jxrsoii "whose existence even wns not
probably known to Mr. Webster, tho Park
ers or Mr. Lincoln, and who certainly did not
borrow it from tlieni." On pago 31 of a work
entitled "Geschichto der Schweizerisehen
Regeneration von 1S30 bis 1S48, von P. Fed
dersen," appears an account of a public meet
ing held at Olten, Switzerland, in May, lvi!0.
On that occasion a speaker named Schinz
used tho following language: "All tho gov
ernments of Switzerland (referring to the
cantons) must acknowledge that they are
simply from tho people, by the people, and
for the peoplo." Ward II. Lamou'a Letter.
Typhoid Fever on the Steamers.
Peoplo who are about to visit Europe
should be very careful what ship they take
for the passage. I have heard within the
last two or three weeks of some of the most
terrible cases of typhoid fever contracted on
board ships of the lines considered by the
public first class. I met the other night a
New York gentleman who came over with
his daughter six weeks ago for the purpose of
making an extended tour of Europe. 1 1 waa
the daughter's first visit. She was a perfect
picture of health when sho left New York.
They took passage upon ono of tho finest ves
sels of one of. tho great transatlantic lines.
Within two days after their arrival in Lon
don sho was taken down with typhoid fever.
She has been ill for nearly five weeks. Sho
came near dying once or twice, but is now
slowly recovering. The physician in attend
ance, when he was first called to examine tho
case, asked where tho young lady had been
during the preceding ten days. When told
that sho bad just crossed the ocean he said:
"This fever was contracted on board "ship."
"How can that bef' said the father. "If
there is any place in tho world where peoplo
have pure air I should think it would bo at
sea." The physician replied by saying that it
was a very common thing for people to con
tract bad fevers on the great ships which cross
thesocean. Nothing but the most strict vigi
lance in looking after the sanitary condition
of a great ship will keep it in wholesome con
dition. Vessels that may be wholesome in' quiet
weather become disease breeders when shaken
up by heavy weather, and where they have
in addition to be closed down against tho
outside storm. This gentleman, who has had
such a serious timo with his daughter, has
heard of several cases6f typhoid fever among
tho more delicate people on tho passage list of
this same vessel. Tho surgeon mentioned
above said also that vessels which have been
through collision, with a serious shaking up,
aro apt to breed fevers unless they are after
ward thoroughly overhauled. It will be re
membered that Secretary Whitney lost his
favorite daughter through a malignant diph
theria contracted on board ship on a voj-ago
to Europe. The majority of people leave the
United States to visit Europe with tho object
of securing rest, improving their health and
tho pleasure of sightseeing. The knowledge
that fevers are often developed on the lines of
the transatlantic steamers should certainly
produce great vigilance upon the part of
owners and masters of vessels to guard against
further dangers to the publie from this direc
tion. T. C. Crawford iu New York World.
One of the rewest occupations upon
which women can enter is that of the
"complexionist." Such a person makes a
study of the skin, and for a stipend en
deavors to improve customers' complex
ions. Here Is a prescription that one of
them gave a client, promising that it would
clear the sk'n in a short time: A tablespoon
ful of sulp.iur taken every morning for a
week, then omitted for three mornings,
and taken again. A mixture of powdered
brimstone or diluted glycerine should be
rubbed on the face at night and washed
oil in the morning with soap and water
in which there is a little ammonia. -Chi'
Oil on the Waves.
In a pamphlet issued lately by thi
United States hydrographic office, Lieu
Underwood says that mineral oils are no
so effective for use at sea as vegetable ot
animal. A comparatively small amount
of the right kind of oil, say two quart
per hour, properly used, is sufficient, he
asserts, to prevent much damage, both to
vessels and to small boats, in heavy seas.
The greatest result from oil is obtained in
deep water. In a surf, or where water is
breaking on a bar, the effect is not so cer
tain; but even in this case oil may be of
benefit, and its use is recommended by
Lieut. Underwood. He advises that, when
an attempt is about to be made to board a
wreck, the approaching vessel should use
the oil after running as close as possible
under the lee of the wreck.' The wreck
will soon drift into the oil, and then a boat
may be sent alongside of her. Scientific
Wf aw rja-ja sw
100 Dozen Fine Merino
CENTS 1 1 GENTS
We Announce Without Further Notice a
ba llttf Cfe
Commencing TO-DAY, JULY I2tli, and continuing ' until
September 1st. .
-AS TIIIS IS
without reserve, it will be to the
ot Cass County . to
SI G E a tp
Having in view the interests
multitude to share the benefits of
consideration sell to other dealers
under this clearance sale.
pi Ei oi lire ti if :
; DO HOT- DELAY:!..:
"We go to New York soon to make our Fall Purchases,
and Ave kindly request all of our friends indebted to us to
call as early as possible and adjust their accounts. -
Yours Respectfully, , ; ,
SOLOMON & NATHAN.
Main Street, -
Iff OC llSPI
3 S SSE lIHL
individual interests of all ' citizens
take advantage of the .
ot our enstomers, and to enable" the
this great sale, we will under no
wholesale lots of goods' embraced
Dry Gacd? House.
; . i . k ttsmouthj .Neb.
... i ' -1
Ml.lllll Mill Ml t M.I III III IB I I .IIMII I
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