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About The Plattsmouth daily herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1883-19?? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 22, 1883)
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K. TIStK TAHLD.
, ' . - - ;
8 & M. ' fc'-R; in' Nebraska,
No. I. I N. 8.
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Trains 3 Hiid . nuinfM-tiiiic . and ) v. et'I
Ked Cloud, run daily .v??pi wunday.
K. C. ST. JOE& C. B R. 5t.
r.xn:K? ykaina ki.n"
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j,fdn;: j K'niii ( :?intr
btlt'Tll.' vil.TII. M.I lit.
7.40 p. m' 8.0" :i."i
s.17 " ! x,37 "
J.. 7 "
i.22 a. Ill
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rt 52 a. in
9.S2 p. Ill
t).3d p. in
5.10 si. in
1. f.l p.
The alvjtfc ii Jeaersou ?ity time, w talca U 1 1
rinut.i faster tUan Uniaha llinrt.
. V.l AMI lIKPAltri'BB !'
i'l'rXl!JIl XII HAItN.
I '..' i.. i!i.
I 3.IH) p. III.
I MKJ a. I!i.
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I.JO p. n. i
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it. on a in.
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uii o.'dtfis ..... v. 'i'-iii-':
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A finale, rioiu v Ot-i. r i'.v.v, n . :i
.r.i'iint liom oiit .- il io liny tioi!an. '.
I'.iiil uoi contain a fraclioija: part ;t t cent.
it at rou P'TAur.
tit ciaxs lii i'tl vieilfi-; : cents per V- unuct-
1 1 uoiim- r h ruie - i'U per io.
i,l ;- v'i raii'icni s-.-vi rjji-oei'.' a"
iiuuka come uiili;r (liif l.-j cent jk-.
eu u 2 oiiucen.
lis cia.-w inervii.iMl.-"V 1 cciit ;e r ounce.
.1. W. MAtollALL V. M.
liKOKOE S. SMITH. Mayor.
WILLIAM H. ct'MllMt, 1 reas.irer.
.7. j. i.iff0.. ;ny Clerk
WILLfcll U A lKAire.it. A'oliee Jude.
K. H. V1NJH AM. City Attoruey.
; i. . M C rtfU Y. I'hlei ot rolice.
1. Mi-CAN'N.tJveiveerot Streets.
iv. KvKriKfc.inel vi tYlrv lepl.
ja. it. itlCH.vlti.N Ch'u Il"iird o IKallh
: 1st Ward-W.n . K to'..!. II. M. Kir.s.
1 2nd Ward.'. W. i'alT.i. J. It. KairDeM.
';d Ward M. ."linvtiv, .1. K. Morrit.n.
!itH Ward t. 1. Ltiii-horf. 1. Mci'a.'!:n.
j IK "II I. DOAKD.
LlESSE B. STUOHK. .1. W. HAKXES.
;r i lUKriiitN Am. WiMfcKSIEI.X.
L, i. HKNNKTT. V. V. i.ON.Ki.
PtSmatiif 'XO- W- MAK.SIIALL.
Ct v Mi r t; r.:-1 0 1 ; v .
V. U. XKWKlt. '!- I re.-j;rr.
if.W. JEXIX'.i--i.Vua.i; l. rr.-. .
S. W. oilN'. IN. Covjiiy .t i::t;. ',
i. HVi'.iS 'w-rin.
YKLS ALPJ , ?ui t i'i : a;. ir-Mr i-"..-'-. ;
. W. r.MKMISLL. County Purveyor.
. P. OAfS. 'oroner.
K aM'L KICHAUUSON. t. ract JTcclr.tt. i
.. Tf llilk I1 -.tfi;mii.fh
IfcXTies havicg busines -.v.th tho County
.on.n-iMtoner. will nnd rli-:i in ss!oa ttie
irst Moadsy ana Tuesday cl caen month.
POAED OF TKAPH.
j. A COX.MJK. I1IK l r-v.rv.
f Vil. . WIS:'. .tttsry.
CbrllKO. COUUt.ii. i:arncr.
l j riulif me Hr .r ,'. l'o Ioi J uZ the Crt
1 l.MiS"."ne V. Z" - 1 . - t ti.Js v ct. ni,.-.....
" rrfrr cr TOT
'j. F. BAUME1STER
dpeclai cails attended to. and fresh Milk
fx,:a me Iaraihd wben wanted. 1t
Flourt Cvrr Heal fc Fetd
riAtUmonth Telephone Kxchanrr.
1 J. P. Younjc. retli.oe.
H-nn-tt I4WH, store.
M. li. Murphy & Co.,
ountjr :irk' oftlce.l
K. It. Lw, mildnnoc.
JM. ' btwim. nrii III
J. V. Wfekhiicb.vtora.
Wtirn t'lilou ivii-Kmpb or.'cr.
I. 11. Wliecltr. rmliii-ucc.
K. h. NVIiilniii,
J. W. JruiiliiK.
W. M. V Irf. oitlce.
MorrituM)' lironM oftlcw.
W It. Curtt-r, "torn.
I. W. l-itirtlficl.rwi'ldecri-.
M. It Mur,.liy.
1. II. Wlirelrr St fo . ttftrt-.
.1. I. Taylor. rxldiicu.
Flmt N:iliiial ltank.
I. K. Huniicr'a onlcn.J
J. I. Yuuii).'. More.
If. . Ilvi.rciluein,".
Kait lictU'n lire ofllctt.
Ilr KAI.I f L'K. ollico.
J. . Wi.r. llii(;e.
M. t'liitpiiian, "
A . .V nlliViiii.
W II. ii i ll k .'-lj t ;.
.- li ! ' V . 1 1 'Vim i-y.
A. V. Mi-l jtiiiiln.. ii-.;.! i..-.-.
A. I'u' tcrviii. iivt-rv.
. M. Iloiiuf.-..
I.. 1. hi-i.m-il, r i I'-iii .
I :!. Simi h. niiiirc.
I.. A. Moijif. din -i.
I. . i.. ill. IS. Il'siill-ncf,
K. K. I.ivliiit-I'iii, utile.-,
I. V. Vl I I KII,l.-, l( -li.'l.-.
i i il-!, i .
W. II. M ill lUnn lil
;-. .-.i.iii ii.
It. 1C. I.ivii.-iii:i.
'. O. li.tiliiiil,
III.' nw.li u hiMid ctiiui'L-li riiiltM.nont:! Willi
AsliUii l, Allliv'.oi.. i;i..lr, i ouncll JIJuli-, I rn
iiikiiI. I. im . I... (lu.ili.i Kltlmru .M;it nu.
l iipillioii. Surluuii..-lil, iu!vl!l .-south liwml
mm v iiv My.
ATTOKNKVM AT I.AW. Will pr:n-tie in nil
Ihf :iurti in th aUI-. (il!. ovrr Kirt Na
tional Ituuk. 4jl
li.AlTll'T'l - NKIIUAHKA.
Ullci- over Mnitli. VAnek A Co'm. Iru ttine.
Urit fl:ifm ilt-ntifilry at reasonable trice. Wly
II. 71. !..
I'HYHICIAM and HL'KIJEON. Onice .ri ..lain
Street, bftwftun fixlli and Koventh, toi!ii c.!
Otlice o;n day :ind dinht
Sjx'riH! ftttcntli'i: pi i-tin to (lU..'.ii-f m womni
uiid hiliir-n. ojjj
ATTOKNKV AT LAW t NO'fAKY PL'I5l.IC.
-UTT.1MOl'TII, - Kl:ii.lvSA
Af-'i'3t for Sff:Miisli!i lijii-s t. a;i1 rr-iin K:-i hj.. .
K. It. I.I VI liM'll. 31. ..
I'll H'I IN' A ."0'K'IKO.N.
ul- KI : ll'iritH. fr.in In a. in.. j i .
l:.-o;.'5n.ri; -ir:vnn (r L". S. l'.jii-'iftr.
K. . :n.i.:si.
ifr rtlfl A N A N J f. C Ki, i; o N .
I';ii? found !. tM!!in itt. hiri ortlci, :..r;i r 7;h
Mid M.iiti Sin-i is, in .1. . W;it.i-rni;nV hvus.-.
I'L AT V I I' I . .N K li j: a K A.
J AN. M. 91 A T II Kit M
A1TOKXEV AT I.V.
( i.il.v ovi-r linker AIof.r stor, ."niilh
of i:un h. iwt en ..lii iiud ciu Mri'ot.
MTICftl): a C(.AKK.
Al lOUNKYS AT I.AW. Will rr?:k'.- ::: a'j
T'i- Cir.irtM in the StaU.
t.'u)ri- t A'fit.-an I y:, ?( I'ul.Hc.
Ull.l, j. l ink,
'.: v L C A CT2 OA Vf .-I ,S7' CIH Jui i .
A lTlUrNKY AT I. A V: l?.v,l P-i.jf,, i-i... ..
--- - - -- - - .- ... - illll . . i I - I ; -
r-ii iiii'.-"- iiiiii v I'll..:? inn . ency .
M.wk. 1'iat t-.iii'i'Jtii Mtbl:viK;t.
i. ii. v!jki:lj:u a. at.
LAW OKriCS, Keiil ICdate. Fiif and Lil lu
uraiic A-jeuts. I'lattsiiiuutli, Nebraska. I.oi-iLM-Urs.
tax-payeri.. Have a complete a'n-tract
of titles, liny and sell real ewtat:, ueirjtiaie
plans. . "xsji
JUoTICE Or THE PEACE
il.is 1.ih .ifilee in tii. part of hi resi.jt'.tic.
ii Cine.io v a'l . .';i:-re nc iiiii v iM f-itii-il i'.'
ailiuce.s to atp .i i l tii dutili of the o:
a i v.i;:.s f v at i.. .
ii:ioc v;r .";! 'iih'- .t-nvelrv Stole.
. ti T : i . - Ne'jr.ssSi'.
i. A W V JS3 IS .
Ki r;iiKii t.n's iSi.i.i-u. Pi.ATi K.v.oiiTii Nki
i'n.iiipi :in:i carefu; .i:ti i.Iion to a ueneri-'
A. N. SULLIVAN,
Attorney and Counselor-at-a
OFFICE In f.'i Irni.u Dl.-o-;, front p.iod:.
jwondtory. 80i"-i- 1'romot f rr,ttin riven t
til buiDesx . mnri".
BOYT & LARSEN,
Contractors and Buiiders.
W.'ri i'lve est:m;ites on all kinds of work. Any
r.i.-"- left at the Lumber Yard or Post
-)f:iv UI roc.-ive prnot attention
Heavy Truss Framing,
f;r liaras lar,' b'tiiiui.is a f ji.'.-i: y.
f." r-.feicie- apply to .1. i. Yi.'.ir.?. J. V. '.Vec
r li. A Water ri!ir. i.N.'.-to;'. .
iri b3j li
J.ifiV OXLYot Vesxtabfc O;!
; ml A Uwo Jieci Tallow.
i: ;''- :o Lc-isekcepors to g!Ta this Sot-p
. trl WITH EACH BAR IJs11
-tvr-i iivu i nvr IC-IUi
ii d i i r. .-v x laii
ThLi effer ! usadij for a short tlroe only
tad shc'ul i bt trJ-en advantaco t-f at ONCE.
Tt'o "'AliKAXT thl Soap to do znon wab
V..S "Kith greater ease than any &Dap In the
diirkot. Ii has no EQUAL for use in hard
aE'I eeli wattr.
YO'JB S80CER HAS IT.
Ktanufccturora of Standard LaviKlr'
IW iJiree MKDKN ITI'
tfc-j-i-rii.m? C ..' Hrttnirlt Sta I
! -"loJIrt Frre o tin. V, I
..(,. I mtt't .Vorthtts fa 1
i.r. I.r--.- I
t!:r H"i futUrtten m'. Vosrt.- -. i
SJ.F.II. Kvrryt::inirlt":r. I
I A.rs.-' ( OIJL j UtUl
Kvbiii. A'ivU.A. IUHA
Notary rubllc '
! aitoi;:;:;yai law. w :i)ra;r;..,li:: ;
: ud adjoiuiiii; Coutws ; irives t '-tia. at teuti. ii 1
I io colit en.iiit. and ui.Mtracls of title. Oiiici; m i
t ltzir-rald H!o..-k. l'(;itT:iioutfc. Nebn-ska.
! .fV j
J 75J if
TESTING ORE SAMPLES.
Work of the Aissayer on the Colo
riwlo Minor's "Pooket Full of
Colorado Cor. IkMton Trancrlit.
TlMro U a great difference in the wayi In
which the miners neloct their wunplf for a
Mying. Ono man will hunt around until ho
finds a piece of ore which looks as if it would
run very ri-h in fact, taken the towt-looking
IiiH-e of ore that he can find and carries it
to the assuyor to be tented ; and if it prove
to run high, oen amoizhLs friends and brags
alxitit tho biff &Hntf lie Ket from hLi mine,
Lut often nij4le-tn to say how much of that
ri'-h ore h. luw; very likely a streak onlj" an
an inch or two wide. Another man, gener
ally one ho Li bkKNel with n pfxxl itliai-e of
e.imiiioti h. dko, vill tako a rartiplo which a
I'-nin to him to bo of average value and have
that nsriiyed, and then knows something
nb'iut thn vnluo of tho ore. liut the Ix-nt
wuy of it, all in to take a largo mnipln from
tiro ir:inr, cnish and sample it, and have tho
.inipl; iisnje.l. This l wiiat is alino-st al
ways lion-; when it w wihh'.l to find out
v. h,-t!: r it w ill pay to bhip tho oio to iiluc
tion wrlt'. Firty or a hundn l pounds ii
ttf ual!y a j icnty to !:avo t: 1 i i t'.in -vcy.
A .'aiiijiii? of ore in often bi ui:;;!.t to tho a-.-i
t to f tiftt' d Ixxvui.io the enst'.mr does
riot kiM.v what it is; and wh-.i that in the
c:w, he !!iin!:s it may carry silver and ha
may have a lK.nanza. Humpl.s rf h'n kind
inn often curiuUA 1 Lae had a ioe cf clay
brought to mo. ond on--e hail a pioce of limo
stone impregnated with carlxinaeiHius matter
to uiui'h as to ivsetnLle a iere of an'hracito
ttrfil. If n miner ilnJj a dejiJt of any sub
ttance wliii-h ho !. not recognize, ho is
invtfy K'lro to hav.: it n'--sayed, rv:n if it.
Khows no bigii of tnetallifei-ous mliiorals. X
think it must liavo Uvu tho Iendville car
Imuates which start-! this indiscriminate as
raying, for certainly t!ny are apt to 1 inno
centrl. Hiking pi s of rook, not what one
would oxect t' l;ivi any great value; in
fact, in California gulch, where Leadvillo
now la, the gold diggers for nearly twenty
year tinned over the heavy boulders of load
carbonates which were in their way, but
never thought to invcutigate the cau of
their weight, and so the mines which were
destined I" oinko Colorado take the lead as a
nilvfr-p" i ;ciiig stato remaiued for a long
tkr.'ie of f h directiorut given to the cuayer
are very amusing. A man will come in and
lay down a iece of ore and say, "I want an
r.y on that rock; and nee hero, I don't
want you to chuck the rock out of tho back
door, nvl then sii, down and write out a cer
tificate but I want you to run it through tho
fire." I havo bad just such remarks made to
me, and of c urso Lave rromisel to do my
best to make a correct assay. Another miner
will say, '"I want you to be very -.orticuiar
to grind the whole of this piece up," as sonio
assiiyei-s are Misjieeted of knocking off only
a part of the sample if it is a pretty good
sized on. Ptill another will give very par
ticular directions about breaking up the
samplo and throwing out all tho barren
quartz or other gangue rock. Of courso
there in a great difference in the way they
take the results of tho assny. If tho renult
is a good one, the miner generally makes
Eomd pleased remark; but it w over the low
returns th;t human nature shows out tstrong
est. One man will swear and say, ""Well, I
thought that rock would run better than
this;" ftnother will hopefully remark, "Better
luck next time." Many will walk off with
out a word. On9 young fellow whose oro
inn nothing, philosophically remarked, "If I
have another run made and it goes anything
at all it will bo improving, won't iti" and
kept joking about it all day.
One cf the most common qnrt!ons asked
an assayer is, "What do you think this ore
v.-iil runf And it is often a most difficult
one to answer. As for myself I generally try
to dodge the question, unless 1 feel very sure,
for ore are very deceptive in appearance,
and pieces which look very promising often
prove quite worthless, and other pieces which
look eood for nothing may prove very rich.
FINDING THE TRAIL.
A Kcrgcar4t'3 Scouting Scj'.iad on tho
Iiookout for '-Signs.
A Yell. a Ciict'ge.n Itide Into !eatP,
uiid i;;e f.ost Tiail is t ound.
Dc-trr.:t Five Press.
Her-.- in the shadow o? tbij prim inantAa
i-- a on';:;, of c.va'i-y 20;) men in fa.t nid
ror-':l I I'u un -forms, ovry iac? siiii'.'ima-i
a 1 bronzotl, ovory sabre and carbine show
ins loii-r aso, every Lorie lifting his hsA-J
from tho grays at short interval- for a swift
g'-iuco u j) and '.lnwii the valley.
Hero, .ii th? foot of tho mountain, tho
Apache trail, which has b?a fo':owe.1 frr
three days, has grown cold. Aye. it ba ben
lost. It is as if the white men had followed a
path which suddenly ended at a precipice.
From this point the red demons took wins,
and the o! Jest trailer is at fault.
Tho men on picket locked up and down th
narrow valley with anxious faces. Down
the vaiiy, a mile away, a solitary wild
horse paws and prances and utters shrill
neighs of wonderment and alarm. Up the
valley is a long stretch of green grass, the
earth as level as a floor and no visible sign of
life. The pines, and shrubs, and rocks on the
mountain side might hide 10.000 Indians, but
there is not the slightest movement to arouse
suspicion. It is a still, hot day. Not a bird
chirps, hot a branch waves. The eye of
lynx could detect nothing beyond the erratic
movements of the lone wild horse adown the
valley, and the circular flight of an eagle so
high in air that the proud bird seemed no
larger than a sparrow.
For an hour every man and horse has
looked for " signs," but nothing has been dis
covered beyond what has been described. It
is a lost traLL There is something in it to
arouse suspicion as well as annoyance. Ten
miles away the trail was as plain as a coun
try highway, and the Indians had no su. pl'
cion of pursuit. Five miles back there were
signs of commotion, nere, in the centre of
the valley, every footprint suddenly disap
pears. Look now! A sergeant with grizzly locks
and fighting jaw rides down the valley, fol
lowed by five troopers. They are to scout for
the lost trail. Kvery man has unslnng his
carbine, every saddle-girth has been tight
ened, and every man of the six looks over
the camp as he ridea out as if he had been
told that be was bidding a last farwell to
comrades. They ride at n slow gallop. Each
man casts swift glances along the mountain
side to his right along the mountain sido to
his left at the green gras under bis hone's
What's that! Afar up tho -dope to the
right something waves to and fro for a mo
ment. Higher up the trignal is answered.
Across the valley on the other slope it is
answered again. Down the valley, a full two
miles beyond where the wild horfc now stand
like a figure of stone, and where tho valley
6weeps to the right like tho sudden turn of a
river, the signal is caught up and 300 Apa
ches, eager, excited, and mounted, draw
bark into the fringe at tho b&se of the moun
tain and wait.
The little bond gallop straight down upon
the lone horse. Now they are only half a
mile away, and his breath comes quick and
his nostrils quiver as h e stands and stares at
the strange spectacle. A little nearer and his
muscles twitch and quiver and bis sharp
pointed ears work faster. Ouly eighty rods
cow. and with a tierce snort of alarm and de
fiance ho rears up, whirls about like a top,
and is off down tho valley like an arrow sent
by a strong hand. The sight may thrill, but
it does not increase the pace of those who
follow. The men see the wilJ horse fleeiu;
before them, but the siht does not hold their
eyes more than a secviid. To the right to
the left above them down the vallav thv
arc joodug tor m ooor-jnt, ror 'cmcpta
pot, for m brokwa tirlx-for sign bowavwr
Intjgntilopl to prow that men hava paad
that way". Tbey find nothlof;. The rituals
op Uie mountain side wtr vUibla only tor
After the first wild bant of speed ths lone
borne looks back. He ees that b U cot
being pushed, and bt recovers coura. !!
oo longer runs io a straight line, but ba
weeps away to the left swerves away to
the right, and changes bis gait to a trot.
When he hears the sbouu of pursuit and
the louder thump of hoof-beats he wjJ
straighten away and nhow the pursuer
a gait which nothing but a whirlwind can
Look! It fs only a quarter of a mi! now
to the turn in the valley. The lone home haj
suddenly stopped to sniff the air. His ear
are pointed straight ahead, his eye grow
larger and take on a frightened look, and bo
half wheels bm if he would gallop !' to
thoM who have eeinlngly pursued Five,
eight, ten o-oodj, and with a snort of nlirm
he breaks into a terrific run, takes the ex
treme left cf the vai'.ev. and goe tearing out
of stent a it followed by lions.
The grizn sergeant "sign)" In th ac
tions of the horse Kvcry trooper is lor.kia
ahead and o the right. The green valley
runs into the fringe, the fringe into den
thicket, the thicket into rock an! pine an)
r.i '.n.'.aii: slope No i-ve 'do ii'iitraie thai
fri.:gf The Indians in ty l" in nn.bu-!. There
or tn t.cree may tiave
No mac' knows iv!;at danger lurks in tho
frtn-fo. but the order n to seout beyond the
ben. I To di!e i iguoniv an 1 disgrace:
ride forward i wait: iiiwiv i no a.r -t;r-ring
in the valley. Every limb and u-:;n i
a r:ll a if ma le of iron. Ther if a n;"eo;
whi?b weighs like a heavy burden. vi.I ne
bahuot3of ha .v.i or I.muJ wo'.iI i !.' a
Heieisthe bend. The valley continues as
before no wider no narrower level and
unbroken. The wild horse was our of sight
long ago, and the six troopers e noth'ng
but the green gras as their eye swiyp the
valley from side to side.
"Turn the bend and ride down the vaMey
for a miie or eo, and keep your eyes open to
discover any pass leading out."
It is more than a mile beyond the bend
No pas ha been discovered. No sins of a
trail have been picked up. The sergeanr ba.
raised himself up for a long and careful
scrutiny, when an exclamation causes him to
turn bis face up the valley Out from the
fringe ride the demons who have been lurk
ing there to drink blood Five ten twenty
fifty the line has no end It stretches
clear acros the valley before a word bos
been spoken. 1'ben it faces to the right, and
200 Indians in war paint face the grim old
serguant and his five troopers.
"Into line right dress."
It is the sergeant who whispers the order.
fiix to 000, but bo will face the danger. To
retreat down the valley is to be overtaken
one by one and shot from the saddle or re
served for torture. Down the valley there te
no hope; up tho valley is the camp aud res
rue. The two tines faco each other for a mo
ment without a movement
"Now, men, one volley sling ?txrUim
ciraw sabres and charge!'1
A sheet of flame a roar a florid of niike,
and the six l;crtv-s spring (orwanl Tba
iere is a grand yell, a rush by every hone
sutd rider, and a whirlpool begins to circist.
Sallies clash and clan;; arrows whistle re
volvers ik;i voices shout and scream. It is
not three minutes since the first carbine was
fired, but the tragedy haj ended. Every
trooper is down and scalped, half a dozen
redskins are dead or dying, a dozen horse
are struggling or staggering, and turning the
bend at a mad gallop is the sargeant's rider
less horse. He carries an arrow in bis shoul
der, and there is blood on the saddle. In live
minutes he will bo in camp, and tho notes of
i he bugle will prove that the lost trait hax
0SO3SIHr the isthmus.
The IMrtlest Town in the CnUent-
A Trip on the Panama Railroad
Work on the Canal.
"Carlisle" in Boston. H; rJd.
Three days of the Caribooaa sa and the
next sunrise reveals the dark gToen moun
tain range of the isthmus, and a few hou:-s
Jau-r the eugines give their last throb beaido
the dock at Aspimvall. A few 3ear a .o the
place had SM pjpulation; it now claim-Un
tia.es that number. The great canal has
given it a wonderful impetus. The French
are there by the thousand, and other nation
alities are drifting in for tho benefit of
trade and barter. Duildinga are Tpringin-j
up at every hand and rent at fabulous prices.
Itevi ients admit that it is tho dirttet town on
the w.-stem oocin-r;t. The stringer's first
im- rtsssoa h tnat it would be a good thing to
turn thi hose on it ana on a very iarp:o per
..-outage -f ths people, too. Tha bettor classes
live m a ru'orban section, known as the
' Beach road." Tbi3 runs beside the shore,
and the hoitsi, whitewashed and of a light
frame construct ion, face upon it Their in
Ci&iu sev iittie cf the tilth and degradation of
the town, and certainly need not wish to. Au
English resident said: Oh. this isn't a very
Lad place, you know. There nro not many
deaths among the whites.1' Tiiis .statement
may be truo y .'t it is not surprising. No re
spectable person would care to die in Aspiu
wall if he con!. I gvt any other place on the
face on this earth to make his start into eter
nity. The Panf.riu railroad runs southeast forty
seven miles, from A spin wall to Panama, wind
ing among mi's, with some appalling crvens.
It wrecks a freight train or two daily, and it
has a ticket system which wrecks the mind
and reasoning faculties of the stranger. In
God's country 'otherwise known as the
Uuited States) your fare is cheaper if you
take a through ticket. Here they charge $25
for a through ticket for 47 miles that is, if
you are a stranger. But if you are a resi
dent, and it makes no difference whether you
go to-day or next year, you can secure a tick
et for about f 10. Even this figure may be
bettered. A gentleman who came down on a
s' inner, and was conversant with the pecu
liarities of this most peculiar ticket system,
purchased a ticket for a part "of the distance
for f 3. He left tho train at the midway
ftation to attend to a business mat
ter, and the following day paid only
$2 for ' the remaining distance.
The scenery along the road is afc
tractive. The operators upon the canal are
in view at many points from the car win
dows, for the route of the canal traverses
very closely the line of the railroad. The
dredging machines are deepening the Chagres
liver, which will be utilized for a considera
ble ditanc3. The landscape is dotted with
the white stakes placed by the surveying
parties. Gang? of workmen are eating into
a hiihado at a peiat; a another tilling vp
a gulch. A contractor pointed out a spot
where there aro to bo forty-two acres of
filling to a height of from thirty to sixty
foot. It seems an cnomaly to ran a canal on
the top of an embankment, but it will be not
an uncommon thing en rrJmy parts of the
line. From tho train there is a panorama
of beautiful tropical scenery. The
foliage is luxuriant, and strange trees and
flowering shrubs meet tho eye every
where. Tho cocoanut palm, the orange,
lemon, pineapple, banana and similar growths
become familiar sights. Beside the road are
frequent groups of native bute of a single
story, earthen floors, and roofs thatched with
palm leaves. The natives, of mixed Indian
and negro blood, are of a brown bue. and
rather undersized. Their clothing is in the
interest of economy. The men are satisfied
with white cotton shirts and breeches and
broad straw bat. The women find moet com
fort in a single white cotton garment, always
in imminent danger of falling clear to the
ground from the shouldera, which are not
half covered. With the little children this
danger is often a reality. Industry does not
burden any of these people. A day's labor
furnishes for a week such simple food .s thoy
require beyond what nature yields tkiii freu
SALT AT OAGINATT.
Sorinc tho Wella, Piping th TJoro
ad Pumplnx tbs WaUr,
Tke rmtss of Malt Man afar tare
KTaparatloa mm4 CryntallUatlesi
,-Maltfor Ualf ths Wrl4.
Cor. New York Evenln? Tost.
Alongside each of tho omnipresent lumber
mills that line the hanks of the Saginaw
river one set little structures usually paint I
reddish brown and topjied by a truncated
steeple. Near Bay City th y are grouped to
gether almost as thickly u the derrick of the
oil regions which, iudeed. a to general khape,
the homely towers much resemble Tlme
odd structure are the pumning bouses of the
Kaginaw salt wells; the blunt steeples cover
the rod of the pumps, allowiug them
pace for th op and-down move
ment: anl their oloeiies to the tug
saw mills give- them opjiortiinity lwth
to use cheap stenm owr an I to eoo:n
mize fuel, which is Huppl.ed by t!i-. sawdut
and cast-away slal of lumber. IVih-jpn no
where in tne world do tw.i great iml.itri.w
rupj lenionl each otlier more co nIc t.'l.v, ami
more litem. ly "make th. meat they feed o i.
than in tho case of tho sail an t lu-iibor w.ifcs
of the Suinaw region Th 'real atol
down from the remote I i-a . wat -.'-i, i ih. unit
of original t.iery wisie.i u . o.i.y r.v l. ic-.
ow!i flif, saw its If up, an I work- t'le.ii
Jace.it salt pamp, li.it ais sap. .lien cli eply
the staves. h.Hins nn-l barrel lu-a.l- in whit-b
the halt is rinaliy i0.ip:od u.v.-iy.
A salt well is Iwied Ly a simrilo device like
an ordinary rock drill, f.-o.n four to six
inches broad, atLach'.J to aiti ol ea It
some thnty feet lo.i', iktod nicely Ugi!.iw
as the weil progresses do vir-vur-J. Wh.-n
salt water is "struck"' I'm well i-t pi;i .l Tke the
oil velti of north .voitorn IVn -nyivani i, and
the comparatively easy work of p.mip.n he
gins. QUALITIES OF THE WATER.
Next to the pump.ng-room-, toe ilrst object
to draw attention is a sU uctare which, seen
sidewise, suggests the sections of an East
river dry-dock. But all the interior is filled
with square cisterns set side by side, and cov
ering a space say 100 feet lou. by half as wi.li
By rough estimate theoe cisterns are ten foot
wide, thirty or forty long, and six feet deep.
Some of them are almost empty, others
pretty full of fluids of different colors; but
this fluid is in all cases the water that has
been pumped from the adjacent well a few
hours before, an I its varied hues aro due to
chemical changes caused by exosure to
the air, and by the precipitation of impuri
ties. In one tank the water is clear as
crystal; in the next it is of a tawny mu 1
tint; then comes a tank where the fluid takes
on the lustrous inky color of deep ocean
water, and in a fourth cistern it is poa
green. Next go to the water as it comes
straight from the well and flows purling from
tho rough wood trough connecting with the
pump. Hero the water is bright and spark
ling as a mountain brook. Taste it. It is as
bitter as wormwood, with an intense pucker
ing savor, as nauseous as a strong fluid dose
of quinine. All its soltness seems lost in the
acid, sickening bitterness, which remains in
the mouth long after the tongue has touched
the fluid. In fact, however this taste, which
seems bitter, is only saltnees intensified For
tia water contains mere than ninety per cent,
of aH the salt that water can possibly be made
to dissolve. It is rather more than ton times
as salt as sea water of which S'i0 gallons are
needed for a bushel of salt and at some wells
twenty-five gallons of Saginaw salt will pro
wUl produce a bushel of solid salt crystals.
THE STEAM ROOM.
Finally we reach the salt works proper,
or " block," as the local title goes, in which
the water Is evaporated from the solid ingre.
diente and the salt product actu-Uly mado
It is an immense low building with a single
compartment. Across it from side to side
run vats about one foot deep, cross d length
wise by a long set of planks, serving for a
footway. From each vat pours out a
volume of steam, filling the building with
a thick, warm fog, so d-iise that the gaza
can penetrate only a few feet. Pipes filled
with steam run at the bottom of the vats,
keeping the watei-s steadily twenty or thirty
degrees lielow the boiling point. The process
of evaporation may b- brie3y described
from its initial stage: First, the settle!
water from tho cisterns 13 ran into a Bet of
vats where the temperature N raised toalwit
180 degrees. Then it is drawn to s second -set
raised to a beat ten degrees highor. Here
the crystallization of tho salt begin? The
hot water prenentty- begins to look more nrir
ky; next white flaky nmssc? float on top, an1
gradually as they iaereasa sink to the Imttom.
Those are the -a!t crystals, which crc-I'j-ig 'lo
gin to form a white Led on the vac's liottorn.
They are allowed to gather ani sink for twenty-four
hours, when a workman shove!- out
th." ss.lt and draws ojf t'ie vat. .vbih isre::ll.-d
to eon:' m tie it? work. Th; s;.:t s -iiote.1 to a
ilrciiintr room, whi-;h. I'll-! with 1 In snow
white .l:-:ff. ionk Vke a Ya ikeo doir-ya.-d
after a witidv -now fall: thn after drying, it
is iiis;H'ct;d an-.f pneke 1 a-vav. u-'.nliv ia bar
rels, to lie shipped to mart-: ail over the west.
This process of evaporation, seemingly so
simple, is one that exacts I-.rig t lamiajr an I
experience, for on it to.- q 1 tlity au.l li ;e;i s
oi the salt t-rvs,aN d ;v.) I T:io w ii.can
must know prrcist-iy the .! 'gr-"-s of heat, rbo
proper moments of sh:fn.j: and ot her occult
points in the manufacture Usually
little butter is put in the vats, on I i:i some
way aid? in the crystallization. Many seri-011-
and sometimes farjil accidents happen
Hi the vats The f .Kit ways ore wet with
-team, and wcrk:net in not frequently slip to
the hot brine below, which, though not. et
the boiling point, has the peculiar quality of
icrlicting instaDtlj a terrible scaidiag bnru.
peeling off the skin, aud making sores very
hard to cure.
At some of the salt- work the product is
"olarr salt, made by evaporation under the
rays of the sun . and at a few it is boiled
iirectly in pans placed over fire The solar
alt ii finer than that made by steam or
flame, but the principle is the same in all the
SAGINAW SALT IX TRADE.
The growth and present size of an industry
which has been established in this valley for
Vat little more tha-? twenty years is astonish
ing In 1S6W the v-bole product was but 4.000
barrels. Now the ind'.istry produces almost
three and a half million barrels, with an iu
verted cap! of t5.OOC.000. and a yearly
product worth between 12,000.000 and :i.
XXi.JoO By the last figures at hand the
Saginaw region turns out about one-half of
al! the salt manufactured in the United
ta.es The local cheapness of the salt i
alone enough to teitify to 'the wonderful
productiveness of the valley. A barrel of
alt holds 2St pounds, yet it costs here, bar
rel and a!L only 7? cents, and in bulk the
product is sold still cheaper
The arflelt Mtatae.
Niehaus' model for a statue of Garfield for
the -rate ot Ohio L- finished. It represent
the statesman in the act of addressing an au
dience. standing erect, with the ricbt foot ad
vanced. the right band thrust into hb Dopom
and the left grasping j glove, banging easih
at his side. At his feet ere a scroll of hook
and a laurel wreath.
A Mes Batter Test.
"Say''' exclaimed a hotel -ruest, filing tbe
attention of an urbane waiter "thii li ter
ribled?a) you are giving m is ti way 0'
It' slightly g7 color, isat It f m --'iired the
'T fcon!d iTy it ir&i.'
'Strong as a nv-le.-
And fearfully frjwv'
'Worst ! evei ?a..- ir. .nrlife."
'Tes. wel: that prove :t's ceuu5o) buiioi".
don't iti If it wa- :!-o:iiargarin" th'.-rj
wcuida t be ::oti.i!.s tne ti:a'.'.r with
TLt-ri . coudrtable JiifiTsaice uo-vruaj oc
twcs L-Uuri; butter a-iJ -.nuutsi
M--' " I
Livery, and f a,Ie Stable.
RIGS Of EVERY DESCPl.iCt: ?. Y OR h!GHL
i;v j: 1: v ui:n(. i kiim j..s-
M.(ii.i; am Duri.i 1: Ai:i:i.i. i.
i r !! will I'm' 1 -in 1 li-lr -u: li' s y r. I i 1 1 nl I lie
I'u.nei Y in-ninl riun Ii Si rcct s,
iiNilliU Al l)
Tlie LATTSMOUVH HEW A LP rUI)M.SIIIX'i COMI-ANY hut
every facility tor Hist cl;t?a
Oizr Stocl-L of 'BLcutk, J-opeT
Ami materials is large- and r-nrapibtc iti everx ilcpnrl hp
ORDliES JB1C Jtf Ji.lJL BCOLICXrJ?JBJir
IMT'iSJIOHTil ViEHALb OFFICE
Subscribe 'or Lite JJclLLij J rtLd
K 11 r
:.Tcr .iiiij c;1j
&izo ilo an
Ijivii, pM;t;f;' ( ) ..-;
! Curved --Iit Siili
XT BOTE SCECOV-D
' "-.'ro I Nn.S for fall:ii lo
BEN M ETT
Come to the front with
Staple and Fancy Groceries
FRESI7 AND NICE.
We always buy tbe best goods in the market, and guarantee everythirt?
e Bell We are sole agents in this town for the sale of
' PEUFFCTION" GIIOUXD SPICES
ANI THE CKLEBKATED
BAT AVI A" CANNED GOOD3
: irt-r.cr 'n tie v-xUt r-fi't- Tit-. ' f-""- .
ii hand. C-Jii-e ai.d tte us iid e iiU uiuke 3 vu u i
- :,.. -- .... 1
1 111: i;i:.vr 'ii.au--. i.n iiii: ii v
I'Lat rsMoir 111. m:ii.
- - . - rrr--'i;- !".,t';i7ftAT
i: Ui4 s ORB
: l r '. . Grocers. Hcic;.?. 2Ics
- ? l:.'.cv Coolers. J-'ncli Kars,
j TKt LARGEST r"iAoiUFACTUnZ:"s-i OF
SCuOOL, CUULCU. tOfliT WWX, HALL
i j-i .- r- ., .- r( i?ni i ipi i " i 'rry
i' I iiii i 1 C iiii li.i.t ts. tL t ll .4 l i .t..!.. J ID,
' Inc!'i!ii::rC!-.tir:li pew-i. Sctu:. -. P;:'t lt. i - .th... 1'iiln'! Chair.. Opera
: .::. , iv H S'-atf, nil o lie Latf; : j;roi ert I i Iitum li I
. .li-:r-iie!., Chap'!.. 1j.vp. Mi -it.-ii.. i. .-.'-.i.-i-.i : ;.;.i.i, '. i , i.ru Koohim
j Wainiii? 11 oii.-. rt U.-ei.i;.-. .'-. i . r ; l:. ;,- .- I ..! i-et,, Croip'
..i,uo . .. ..'.
TH!" CiY W.AnL'FACTL'r.'L; . CF
" KEY MOTE '' UVMQl DESKS.
I r...ii'ot -n -.T oi:r ; y ttV.U-,;- :. ::.- il: - y i'' : . i -f. -. o; li i'la lion ,
! made i.a!b-e'!i!e. ce nr.i i.ntil' a..J ...... . '. 15j ou f-'aar.
an4 -?:stt, o ' -i t;-:t-e of com.
Tort it i'.. ;hoi5 iw-er-i tare t'C" i V. VV 1 BUS oi
' i.V'f. TiOS in CM"K''i. -Si. Loni. Detroit, .M. !-....- .. other fest'
err. ..., (i -V ..:m cit'ef. ILcy are uli-o tn :-i- j . i. .; i(i MAL &iboot
c.' ' !''.:), .tlichl.w.. V, Ic". abi a ltd ft-1 ou r i- f :fie.
f-l LllVl -It M. '! ' '. ' .'. J tt.K V.
e -Ui.t.ii!i.".i ,nr ;-..v:.'
, r : '.'fit a.
i.hi'i 'Inn JIin-ii.'ii i'i' i:t iettt
k OSBGGfl dA'PS CO.,
-v -". n n Qm
a complete stock of
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