Plattsmouth weekly herald. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1882-1892, April 12, 1888, Image 6

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    oLi( 111 .
la Cass County fov
Superior Makes and Styles,
Lovest Possible Prices
Boys etjd
Ties, Collars, Etc.,
CAXiL j&.t73D SEE 1E.
Plattsmouth, Ueb,
ghttsmouth Igcthhj $eruld
Publishers & Proprietors.
It published every evening except Sunday
aad Weekly every Thursday morning. Regis
tered mt the postofflce, Plattsmouth. Nebr..-s
Mcnud-elast matter. Office corner of Vine and
firth streets.
Oae opy one year in advance, by mail.. ..$3 00
Oae copy per month, by anier 50
Oae eopy per week, y carrier, 15
SB9 copy one year, in advance $1 59
ne eopy eix months, in advance 75
The Republican electors of the State of
Nebraska are requested to send delegates
from the several counties, to meet in con
vention, at the city of Omaha, Tuesday,
May 15, 1888, at 8 o'clock p. m., for the
purpose of electing four delegate to the
National Republican Convention, which
meets in Chicago June 19, 1888.
The several counties are entitled to re
presentation as follows, being based upon
the vote cast for Hon. Samuel Maxwell,
supreme Judge, in 1SS7. giving one de'-egate-at-large
to each county, and one
for each 150 votes and major fraction
thereof! :
Adams 14
Antelope 9
JtfTerson . . ;
Johnson f-
Keiirney 8
KeyaPaha f
Ken h
Knox 7
Lancaster -"
Lincoln 8
I.ocan i!
L'.mp 3
Madison 8
Mcpherson i
Merrick 7
Arthur i
l.laine 2:
ISooue 8
P.ox fcutte 4:
Jiwn 9
liuftVO H
Hutler 9;
Hurt 9
Cas lt;
Cedar 5;
Chase Ci
Cherry &
Cheyenne HI
Clay "I
Colfax.... 71
Cuming 7;
Custe' it;
Dakota 5
I-iwe9 7;
Dawson 8,
Dixon c:
Dodge 12j
Douglas ...37:
Dundy 4
.Fillmore 10;
Franklin "
Nanca ft
Nemaha 0
Nuckolls 0
Otoe 12
Pawnee 8
Pierce 4
Polk f.
Platte .10
Phelps i
-ich:inlson -
Red Willow
Frontier ,
. 6
Seward ...
Garfield ..
Greeley ..
Sherman 7
. 3
. 5
. 1
. 4
Sioux 2
Stanton 4
Thayer..... 7
Thomas 2
Valley 6
Vashington 0
Wayne a
Webster 9
Wheeler 3
York 11
I'norsr. territory... . 1
Harlan 8
Hayes 4
Hitchcick 6
Holt 14
Howard 7
It is recommended that no proxies be
admitted to the convention, except such
ns are held by persons residing ia the
counties from the proxies are given.
Geokge D. Meiklejohn.
Walt. M. Seeley, Chairman.
Election ia over and everything is
The citizens of the Second ward done
nobly. They have redemad themselves
and downed the saloon.
Thb recent election goeB to show tkat
the republicans are still a power and
democracy finds that as a foretaste of
what is coming next fall a very unpalat
able dish is set before them.
Philadelphia has reduced her saloons
sixty per rent this spring and on lat
Monday the judges comprising the license
court refused three hundred and fourteen
applications. This Jis a good showing
for so large a city and we hope the good
work will go on.
The government has made its annual
payment of interest. It has paid out this
week nearly $7,500,000 interest to bond
holders. The money will now be dis
tributed through the money circles all
over the United States, and it is hop 3d
it will relieve the stringency in the money
Henry "Waterman was defeated by
several elements that happened to be
working against him. In the estimation
of the people, however, Henry stands
personally very high and The Herald
is sorry to see outside influences defeat
him, although his succefsor, Mr. Patter
son, will make a first-class official.
The Omaha Zera ?c7says "the princi
ples of democracy are such that a minis-t-r
can preach the gospel Sundays and
democracy the balance of the week."
We suggest, the fact that they don't do
it noes to prove the above statement in
correct. "Where you find one democratic
minister of the gospel you will find one
hundred others who don't see things that
way. Our friend, of the Herald, should
discuss a topic with which he is more
We were asked yesterday wtiy we did
not say more about the strike, and take
the offensive against the strikers. All
we have to say is we wrote our opinion
at the beginning of the strike, and have
nothing new to say. We have consider
ed the strike ended for the past two
weeks, and the raising of the boycott
yesterday in Chicago convices us more
than eyer that the Brotherhood is left
out in the cold. And to keep pounding
away on the same subject every day "and
nothing new to say about it becomes mo
notonous, and just keeps things agitated
where as if let alone it soon dies out of
its own free will.
rp11 P ir
Qne-Price CI
. ....1-rate power, OYtr ia
,-ortant advmturer, and was in the
wrong in his gibblefrom first to last.
In the fishery controversy he was as weak
as an irresponsible Indian agent, withe u".
policy or backbone, and now in the Mo
rocco dispute he comes out . a bluffer
against a little friendly state of insigni
ficant standing, and has allowed the na
tion to be involved in a controversy over
a Mohammedan Moor, to whom one
Lewis, American Consul, had granted
"a patent of protection," which the Sul
tan of Morocco failed to respect. It ap
pears Mr. Bayard has ordered three men
of war of our little American navy to
threaten the Sultan and intimidate his
government into respecting Consul Lew
is's "patent of protection." The insult
complained of is merely fanciful, the cre
ation of the one-horse representative
Lewis, and the naval demonstration is a
veutable burlesque. It has never been
the policy of this nation to send one
horse politicians abroad to grant letters
of protection to greasers and Arab trad
ers. The diplomatic practice of guaran
teeing the safety of natives in semi-civi-lized
countries is as absurd as it is impo
litic and mischievious; but such is about
the size of this Cleveland administration.
First-class powers abroad arc laughing at
ti-, and well they may.
The Pinkerton trial and Senator Van
Wyck's meeting seem to have opened up
the bottled spirit of anarchy which has
been smoldering in the breast of our
Journal man. Labor is his hobby. Ilerr
Most and Ilerr Sherman are kindred
spirits on this subject and can speak of
those who hold views differing with
theirs only with blasphemy and black
guardism. "Once a railroad lawyer
always a railroad lawyer" is the screed
of the Journal man. If a lawyer ac
cepts a fee from a railroad he is forever
lost and will always be looked upon with
Suspicion by the Ilerr Most of the Jour
nal. Dishonesty is a thing the Journal
cannot stand? A lawyer who consents
to serve a corporation as its counsel and
legal adviser bears the mark of Cain on
his brow and may consider himself so
cilly and politically ostracised and
damned by the Journal man. A man
may be a dead beat in a community, re
fuse to pay his debts, run his business at
the expense of his creditors, and tupport
himself and family by such questionable
methods, and howl for the laboring man
and be all right; yet, if he pays his debts
honestly supports himself, and practices
his honorable profession as the legal
adviser of a corporation be is a scoundrel
and a thief. We add to the quotation
from Senator VanWyck another truism,
"once a dead beat always a dead beat."
There are some of our free trade
friends who feel confident that if the
tariff was taken off, it would result in
the breakinir up of trusts or combina-
f tions. We are unable to see wherein
this would have any influence whatever
in controlling them. Take for instance
the sugar trust; there is a duty on this
article to protect our eugar industries.
Take it off and the trust would simply
take in the sugar refiners of Europe snd
would make still more money. The
manufacturers in Europe, it must be
remembered, are not pure sanctified
angels, they will enter these trusts and
make them more difficult to mauage. It
is also a well known fact that some of
the most grinding and cruel trusts or
combinations in this country are on
articles that are on the free list as in the
the case of Anthracite coal. A trust is
an infernal thing that must be dealt with
as men would deal with ferocious beasts,
kill them, and do it as quick as possible.
Already legislatures of states and con
gress are fighting these thousand headed
monsters and will continue to do so un
til they succeed in completely abolishing
them root and branch. Indianola Her
ald. The threatened strike of switchmen on
the lines connecting with the Burlington
road indicates that t may yet become
necessary for the railway companies of
the west in generd to make a fight in
defenge of their right to do business ac
cording to law, notwithstanding the de
mands of their employes that they shall
haul only such cars as arc painted in
given colors or received from certain
sources. Of course the ultimate result
of such a contest must be La favor of the
railroads ; and it is lamentable that a
class of laborers who have every reason
to be satisfied 'with their condition seem
to think that they can better it by throw
ing themselves out of employment on
pretexts which an intelligent public can
not possibly indorse. Globe-Democrati
liU.., iw..u a. required
to pay the highest domestic rate. This
implies not only a ruinous form of for
eign competition as to seeds and bulbs
uf pvery kind, but it also meaus the
turning over of from $2,000,000 to $3,-
000,000 perai.inum of postal revenue to
the Canadian government. Already.
American seedsmen have begun to trans
fer their business to Canada in order to
escape this inviduous distinction; and
our post office department claims the
right to prevent them from thus evading
the effect of the treaty by searching the
mails for packages which they may send
from Canada and charging up the Amer
ican rate of postage thereon.
It is impossible to understand why
such an advantage should haye been
given to the Canadians. If it was done
purposely it was contrary to nil souiul
notions of public duty and discretion;
and if it was done inadvertently it was a
piece of unpardonable ignorance and
carelessness. And yet it has been prac
tically indorsed and commended by ti e
democratic majority of the house of rep
resentatives. A resolution calling upon
the postmaster general for information
concerning the operation of the treaty,
with a view to bringing about a change
where a change is so clearly de
sirable, was voted down in that
body on Thursday, after having been
adversely reported by the post office com
mitteo. Tho chairman of said committee,
Mr. Blount, declared the treaty to be a
just and proper one, and maintained that
the postmaster general had a perfect right
of espionage over the mails from Canada
for the purpose of defeating the use of
such mails by American seedsmen, and
of collecting 10c postage where Canada
charges only 4c. He added that ho had
no objection to the house receiving the in
formation asked for in tlie pending reso
lution, but that the request was made in
disrespectful language. Thereupon, Mr.
Peters asked leave to amend the resolu
tion by striking out so much of it as was
said to be offensive, but he was refused
permission to do so, and the resolution
was tabled by a vote of 125 to 122. As
the matter now stands, therefore, the
democratic majority of the house may be
said to have ratified and confirmed the
proposition that American citizens may
fairly be prohibited from using the Unit
ed States mailg on the same terms as Ca
nadian citizens who are competing with
them in business. Such action is not to
bo wondered at, however, when the fact
is considered that the whole economic
policy of the democratic party is so adjust
ed as to favor foreign interests and dis
courage home labor and enterprise.
Qlobe Democrat.
The boycott is off and the employes
of the different roads at Chicago have
signified their intention and desire to re
sume work. It is said, by some, to be a
stratigical move on the part of the Broth
hood of Engineers; if so, this carries with
it the convincing truth that these switch
men and yard men who have entered the
lists against the railroad are acting under
the advice and control of the engineers,
and also, the further fact, that the broth
erhood management is impotent for the
accomplishment of any benefits to the la
boring men of these roads. Such mis
takes as this boycott business very soon
disgusts reasonable men of the brother
hood, as w;eli as those of other classes-.
No one who has any regard for the law
can approve of the boycott in any shape
or under any guise; it is born of lawless
ness and carries with it its own defeat
wherever it is attempted. Labor may
combine for its own protection and no
one will object, but when the boundary
line is crossed and the hand of force is
placed upon the business of any one, be
it private citizen or coporation the spirit
qr toleration should no longer be indulg
ed. This country is too free and nifn have
too great regard for right and law to tol
erate the boycott.
Mr. Cleveland Is again working for
public plaudits by using his veto power.
The president seems to think veto with &
big V is a great card, and he is going to
play it for all it is worth. We think,
however, he will find the American peo
ple are not chumps, (notwithstanding the
personal reflection caused by his own
election,) and that they will sec this veto
matter in all its puerile duplicity.
Call at Ths Herald office and get
your lttter heads printed.
.sirs now has to decide u
't of .the strike but the fate of 1
c nler.. By ten years of careful observance
c.f the law, since the strike upon the
C rami. Trunk and the Boston and Lowel
' 1 the troublous times of 1877, this
' -r Jiaa held an enviable position. It
c known as intelligent, couserva
abiding. It lias secured the
UJ' .Khe respect of the public
time, by yirtue of this
j rejYur4?n, had greater influence
.t !l'i railroad officials and beau cnahlc
to secure peaceably a greater share of its
demands than it possibly rould by any
other course. And its reputation euliutet
upon its side the tremendous power of
public sympathy. It is now in danger
of forfeiting the benefits of this slow
and painful work of years. Its safety
depends upon cutting loose from the
lawless elements whose co operation it
has invited by the continuance of a hope
less strike. If it shall continue to inrite
the perpetration cf such acts as these
they will be charged to its account. It
can not avoid the responsibility for oc
currences which come as a sequence of
its own course. If its strike against the
Burlington were upon the eve of success
it would be none the less ruinous to pay
the price of direct or indireet complicity
in violence which raises indignation 1
the breast of every free man. The strike
is doomed. Let the brotherhood take
heed that it do not carry down with it
the prestige and tho future of an order
which has been and yet may be an in
strumentality for good.
The party comes out of the recent con
test triumphant, but it is not so much on
account of toe party triumph as the vie
tory for city improvements that Tuk
Herald rejoices. Every councilman
who yoted agRifc extension of the water
mains a year ago when tho people by
petition said they wanted theni, has been
defeated. The new members are for
city improvements and will net ignore
the wishes of thelax-payers. The new
councilmen are Dr. Salisbury from the
First ward, Dr. Shipman from the Sec
ond, M. B. Murphy re-elected from the
Third ward and Con. O'Connor succeeds
Ed. Greusel from the Fourth. Now that
the eletion ia over The Herald hopes no
time may bo lost in pushing all city im
provements since it has been very em
piratically shown what the desires of the
people are.
And now comes Mr. Carlisle and exer
cises his jaw bone unnecessarlally by
pledging his word that some kind of
a revenue measure will be exacted dur-
img the present session of congress.
"Some kind"(?) of a measure eh! Well
that is ju6t about the size of it It will
be name kind of a bastard offspring
from a dishonest, imbecil, impotent
source. First comes Mr. Cleveland's
double-back-action, single barreled, free
trade message which was all ears; next, a
vomiting boast from every democratic
newspaper and politician that the mes
sage was a special revelation of full in
spiration; next, the appointment of a
Ways and Means committee with a Texas
free trade ranger as its chairman to en
act the message into a full fledged free
trade act of congress. Then comes the
vigorous kick from tho business end of
the country; democrats and republicans
alike which paralyzed the committee,
turned the executive liver over and
otherwise set the democratic charger on
his haunches and now we have after
four months of the session is over a
dilapidated bill in which tho protection
interests of every democratic state are
pondered to and modified by concessions
and compromises (for votes only) unt'l
the old bill, for it is old already, looks
like the remains of Joseph Coat. So, we
conclude Mr. Carlisle is fully warranted
in assuring the country that we are go
ing to have some kind of a tariff reduc
tion measure; but such a kind! the mon
key and the parrot promised the audience
a kind of an entertainment and they
furnished it; so we have heard.
If the democratic party should be
successful in nominating and electing
Mr. Cleveland with his pronounced free
trade ideas, we want to predict right
here, that should his policy on the tariff
obtain, the hard times of 1857 will not
compare with those in store for the peo
ple of this nation. His message, and
present tinkering with the tariff by its
enemies are now having a very serious
financial effect upon business. Mark our
words, as the pernicious doctrine of free
trade is talked and advocated by its
friends, the tightening, closir.g-in pro
cess is gradually and surely going on.
If business is so affected by the fear of
what may be, what would be the result
when the avalanche would actually begin
to move. Fire will destroy but not
more effectually than free trade. In
dianola Herald.
farmers are getting in their work.
1., 1 4 1 1 7,00,1,0 w
states and territories cannot l .
an unimportant measure. This t
collected under the act of Cpngrc
August 0th, 1801, which authorize
direct tax of $20,000,000 to be levied
annually upon the real estate of ths cun- ,
try. This was one of tho early exped-
ients to raise money for the war, and wat."
discarded after one year. Under the
constitution, the tax was, of course, aj v
portioned according to popalation, and
seceding states had their quota marked
against them as loyal states. -The. "
loyal states generally assumed their iharoy 11
and paid it directly to the government,;
being allowed a deduction of 15 percent'
for doing so. Where this was not done,
as in the case of Souther States, tho
United States government proceeded
against individuals, when it was able to
do so, sold property, and applied tho
proceeds towards the state's quota. This
was notably tho case in South Carolina.
Where states that did not pay their aharo
of the tax have since preferred claims
against tho United States, the federal
government has claimed the amount due
from the state under this tax as an offset.
The matter has rested in this shape
ever since the war, to the perplexity of a
generation of treasury officials. Hera
was a tax which only a portion of tho
people had paid. No one proposed to
enforce the collection of the balance still
due, and yet it must remain on the treaa
urybooks as a debt. What was more to
the point was that the states and territor
ies which paid the tax were in the posi
tion of having cheerfully assumed their
share of a public burden which ether
statrs had shirked. These latter states
were Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Geor-
L'ia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Caro
lina, Scfuth Carolina, Tennessee, Texas
and Virginia. Colorado, then a terrritor
ity, the justice of whoso assessment is
stoutly disputed, is put down a few hun
dred dollars' in the government's debt,
with Utah and Washington for larger
amounts. The total sum still duo the
government, without interest, is $2,640,
314. The sum collected, and which it is
proposed shall be returned to the states,
also without interest, is $17,859,085, of
wieh New York State was credited, in
cluding the 15 per coat allowed for col
lection, with $2,603,018. Tho bill .pro
poses to cancel the debt of states whieh
have not paid up, and to refund to states
which have done so, endeavoring as near
as possible to restore the condition of af
fairs as it was before the tax.
This seems a most equitable arrange
ment. Such opposition aa there was ia
the Senate came from three classes : a
few Southern Senators, who did not want
to bee so large an appropriation from
which the Southern States were to derive
little benefit; Western Senators, represent
ing states that were territories at the time,
the tax was collected, and wlfose share as
recipients is smaller than their proportion
as lax-payers; and others who thought
that where the tax was collected from in
dividuals, the federal government should
undertake to find the proper claimants
instead of turning that duty over to tho
state governments, who might not per
form it properly. Still there were only
six negative votes in the Scaate. In tho
House it is understood to be supported
by a majority of both parties. But tho
number of filibusters is sufficiently large,
led by Mr. Breckenridge, of Arkansas, to
prolong the struggle to disgraceful
length. Mr. Breckinridge's excuse is that
it is a Republican scheme to reduce the
surplus so that it will not be safe to pass
the Mills bill. Many of his followers
are willing to pas it, however, if the cot
ton tax shall be refunded at the same
time. This amounted to $68,000,000.
Consistency is not a Democratic jewel. .
New York Tribune.
The Anthropometrical method of
identifying criminals, originating from
Paris, has ben adopted in the prison at
Joliet, 111. In addition to the photograph
of the prisoner, accurate measurements of
his height, the length and width of his
head, the length of the left middle and
little fiDger of the foot, the fore-arm, tho
ear, the stretch of the arms, description
of scars, color of the eyes, and so on, sro
recorded; and it is thus possible to iden
tify prisoiers assuming false names with
far greater ease than was before possible.
It is asserted, that, in the two years that
the system has been in operation in Paris,
826 habitual criminals arrested under
assumed names have been identified. Bo-
sides the practical utility of the system.
it amasses very valuable statistical data
contributing towards the natural hastory
of the criminal classes. Science.
According to reports, the surplus in
the treasury, grows at the rate of $500,-
uuu a aay. Ana yet tho administration
refuses to spend this surplus to lnv nn.
the government bonds, and thus relieve
the country of the financial crises which
is now pending, and is suro to come if
the hoarding: no of the monev in vanlta
at Washington is not stcjpxeti.