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About Capital city courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1885-1893 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 15, 1892)
CAPITAL CITY COURIER, SATUUAV, OCTOBER 15, iSy?
FAMED SANTA iMAlUA.
COLUMBUS' FLAGSHIP COMPARED
WITH MODERN SAILING VESSELS.
ft Wintrier lo I Im Mm liter of TmUjr It
Ion the NnvlRNlnr CriiMeil Ihn Orimn
la III l.llllo Cnrnvel-A Knrilmlln for
Mid Wtrl.' PHlr.
Bpnln is now In Iho liildnt of 11 norloi
of fotos in eointuoinorutlon of tho ilia
eovcry of America which will hint till
Ut in October. On tho Sid of AukiihI,
4te of tho milling of Uolutnbim from
Pftlos, thu jubilation Im'khii, niul of all
the rIkIiIh thu exact reproduction of thu
flgliit of Colutnbtm, tho Santa Murlu,
Molted incut nmnzoinont. Anions tho
Mllorri in tho vast gntliurin thoro wan n
loud chorus of nstoiililuuout anil unbo
lief. Ahnont uunniinoufdy tlioy do
ctored tlint micli a rdilp hail not done tho
thing it was lniKnslblo.
TIIK NICW SANTA MAlttA.
It in indeed hard to bollovo that the
little caravol of 240 tons at tho outside
could havo mado nucli a voyngo, mid
When 0110 compares it with tho largo
ailing vessels of today ho may well Ih
iaorcdulouH, With tho nclilovciiionta
Of Btcaui and practical scinuco wo aro
tolerably familiar, but tho fact then
(though nailing vessels antedate written
hktory, tho progress, therein slnco 1403
ta M great a in anything olso) conies to
one as a great surprise Ooniparo thu
little Santa Maria with, for instance,
the magnificent Shenandoah, tho Ainori
can four masted bark and queen of all
ailing vessels, which n few months ago
went from San Francisco to Liverpool
With 0,003 tons of wheat on lxnrd.
Consider ilret tho big Bailor. The
heaandonh, commanded by Captain
Murphy, was one or tho ilvo which left
the Buy of Ban Francisco last year on
the famous raco around tho Horn. They
ailed at high tldo, of necessity, as they
drew twonty'sovon feet of wotor. Tho
weight of wheat nboard, 0,003 tons, was
the greatest cargo of tho kind over
placed in a vessel and equivalent to
199,733 bushoU, or tho crop of nn aver
age agricultural county. An adequate
description f tho Shenandoah would
til n col nun. Sailor as hIio is, ho
'makes sail by steam," as sailors nay
that is, the Bails tiro pulled into place
by A little donkey endno. and of all
lorious sights to tho seaman's eyo there !
1' nono more glorious than to see her J
MM if M
non iiuiii uuru poics 10 lull rig or
nowy sails in less than Ilvo minutes.
Tho Sunt Maria might havo been
placed on tho deck of the Shenandoah
without adding jwrceptibly to her
weight of cargo. Sho was a decked ves-
" Ml, and while tho Spanish historians do
' not deal in exact measurements tlioy are
o'mlnute in details of her capacity that
her Biro is known. Captain Uuntavus
i,W, Fox, after n very careful calculation,
i, declares that her length was "03 feot
, over all and 67 feot along her keel,"
with 20 feot beam and IQJ4' feet.in depth.
Her crow consisted of 'fifty 'seamen, and
in the list are found tho names of one
' Englishman and 0110 Irishman. It is
really n pity that this list is not certain
ly authentic; it would bo Interesting to
know the iiamo or tho first Irish emi-
. grant to America. This historic vessel
. wuh wrecked on Christmas ove, 1102, on
tho coast of Uispaniola, a calumity due
, to the gross carelessness of tho Bailing
Small us nho was, her consorts, the
Pinta and tho Nino, woro considerably
smaller, being inero barks, called cara
vels, without decks, unless the high
prow and storn wuy bo to called, lu tho
""- i rauw -
center such a vessel was absolutely open
ad in no resptct superior to the fishing
craft and other light coasting vessels of
today. Tihat men should have' been
willing to dure the passage of tho
ttormy Atlantic in such craft gives us a
high idea or their courage, and as a
mtter or ract only Columbus, Las
L'asas, the Pitizous and two or three
ether mad enthusiasts were willing.
The crew consisted chiefly or desperato
characters compelled to take the trip.
Many wore relea.u-d rrom prison to go,
nd some had been condemned to death
nd voluutentd us a bare chance for life.
Our ustouisnmeut is but blightly miti
gated when we read that Columbus did
ot ask for lurge vessels, for there were
any in tho Spunish ports lurger than
these. He firmly Idieved that the
roygc would Ia comparatively bhort
and tho sea whom ho was going nlwny
smooth, and ho particularly retpiwtnl
such vemcli us would enable hlui to run
cloo In along the idioien and nail up the
rivers. On his third voyage, when lie
actually reached South America, he
complained of the hi 7.0 of his vessel
which roudorcd coast exploration ditll
Tho Spanish authorities declare that
tho Santa Maria of IHO'J Is an exact re
production In every detail of that of
1403. It has the samo old fashioned
fthnpo, tho snine primitive masts, rig
glnga and sails, and even the same ar
mameiit of falconets uiwl mortars, hnl
bonis and arquebuses. Tho cabin of the
commander is furnished in tho stylo of
tho Fifteenth century, and its table Is
littered with maps, documents mid nan
tlcal Instruments of the period. Final
ly, Its mastheads are decorated with the
royal standards or Castillo and Leon, in
exact Imitation of the flags which Co
lumbus planted in the Now World on
Oct. IS, 1 103, Tho vessel Is maimed by
nu excellent ciow, obtained from among
tho fishermen and sailors of Cadiz and
San Fernando, and placed under tho
orders of a detachment of ofllcors of tho
At tho opening of the Spanish fetes,
on Aug. II, tho war vossels of all nations
woro at Iiuelva to salute tho new Santa
Maria on her first voyago down tho river
and hor entrance into tho Hay of Cadiz
was greeted by deafening salvos. Ah
there was almost a dead calm, howover
she had to bo taken in tow by a gunboat,
which marred tho lepresentatlou some
what. Later, howover, sho sailed out
beautifully on tho route taken by Colum
bus, and roturncd to receivo renewed
salutes. At this naval congress or na
tions the fact was humorously com
mented on that Columbus took with him
for interpreter a scholar who know Lat
in, Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, Coptic and
Armenian, in addition to Spanish; that
this learned gentleman was a faliuro in
the Now World, and that tho lirst to
master any of tho Indian tongues woro
tho most Illiterate sailors. But this is
an oft repeated experience.
J. II. Dkadmc.
Drnn Iiik Mid Mho.
"Why were you so cross to your husband
"I just couldn't help It. 1 felt as If I
must scold at someliody or burst. Just,
physical irritability, you know and then
everything went wrong. Ureakfast was
late, the steak burned, tho coffee thin and
tho cakes heavy."
"Then why didn't you scold tho cookr"
"Oh, I couldn't. She'd leave." Life.
Tho lliinhrul Mini llliiutlur. J
A bashful young man had a tender ro '
gard for thu daughter of a certain farmer
living not a great ninny miles from this
city. The young man lu question hnd
acquired thu habit of visiting on Sunday
afternoon tho young lady who was tho
subject of his alTectlon. As time woro on I
the young man began to feel more nt homo '
on his visits to tho farmhouse, and from nn
occasional stopping for supper it grow to
bo tho regular thing with him to eat
supper with his prospective parents-In-law.
This was very agreeable to the
young limn, but quite the contrary to tho
He was treated coolly by the old folks,
but tho waruilh of his own feelings for the
young lady and tho reciprocity by thu
young lady was such that a slight coolness
was not felt. Upon one of tho occasions
when tho young innn was taking Sunday
supper with the family thu good house
wife had prepared a bountiful supply of
biscuits. When they had seated themselves
at the table tho prospective futhcr-ln-law
passed tho plate of biscuits to the bashful
"Have a blscultf" bo said.
Thu bashful young nmn sot one of the
steaming biscuits beside bis plate. "Have
another; they're, small," the fathvr-ln-lnw
The bashful young nmn timidly took an
other and placed It beside thu first.
"Have unotber; they're very binnll."
Again thu young man, lacking tho cour
age to declluu, took a biscuit. ,
Tho futhci-ln-law lo bo then dumped the
wholu contenvs of tho plato in front of the
young mail, with tho remark, "Take them
all, you hog!"
Thu bashful young man stopped, his vis
its, uudbiseiilts for supper always cause a
smile to go around.tho table, ut tho farm
house. ludlaunpolls Journal,
Tho Hear of tho Itimrilliig House.
"Won't you ploy?" said tho young man
who always puts his foot lu It.
"Oh, certainly, since you insist," she re
plied. "What would you llko to hear?"
Aud the bachelor, who doesn't mind 1h
ing disagreeable, said, "1 think 'Heart
Howed Down by Weight of Woo' would lie
as appropriate as anything." Washington
A Chronic Proposer.
"William." said shosoverely, "how many
more times aro you going to usk mu to
marry you "
"Clara," said ho, "I can't answer that
question, but I think I'll not bother you
much longer. One of the other three girls
I'm proposing to shows signs of weaken
lug." Texas Sifting.
In Union Is Strength.
First Itlval (sadly)-Well, old man, 1
suppose I mustcoiigrutulatuyou. Sho liar
Second Itlval (mournfully) Why, she
also refused mo last night. It must be
13 row ii.
Hoth Let's go and lick him, New York
Almort a Hint.
"It's a lieautlful day for a walk," she
said, looking out of the window.
"Indeed It Ik," he satd, doing llkowlse.
"Would you like to take, a walk V she
"Above all things."
"Theti why don't your" Hxchange.
STltirKS AND PLAIDS.
THEY WILL DE EXTREMELY POPULAR
The I'liilils Are of the lltitilmt niul
I'mlllvn l)i-erlitliin, lint TIh-j l.iinl,
Bljfllnh Varieties In Htrlt Tln l.iiti-i.
Nkw Yoiik, Oct. 111. To say that
stripes ami plaids will bo worn to r,
greater extent than plain goods this fal
and whiter would perhaps Imj rather tix
swooping nu assertion, but they will Is
very popular, pattlcularly among youn;
and slender persons
Tho plaids leave no ono in doubt oi
their being plaid, us tho outlining is ol
tho boldest and most positive. Tliero ii
no indistinct or broken figure ainoiif
thorn. They aro largo and obtrusive
nnd while tho lover of truo Iteauty maj
find fault with thum they do ccrtnlnlj
look stylish. Somo aro mado on tin
straight, somo bias, nnd others ugnii
have combinations of plain goods mad(
up with them.
Ono very stylish gown for a youiifc
lady was of black biarritz cloth, ricl
and fine. The skirt was plain fourreat
sliapo, fitted to tho hips, aud buttoned
nnd on tho front were two printed out
lines of soutache braid, and there wen
four similar braids suwed around tho hot
torn. A wrinkled biisIi was around tin
waist, which was mado of regular tar
tan plaid in red, bluo, yellow and black
A flat piece of biarritz reached up tin
front of tho waist, and u tiny shouldei
capo added piquancy to the whole.
A plaid zephyr cloth for u quite youti
girl was cut en princesso, with a Wattoai
of brown velvet down tho middle of tht
back. Tho putts to tho sleeves were ol
tho velvet. Thero was a bertlio of lact
over tho shoulder. The material wm
light brown, with white plaid and white
indistinct Unworn in between, with haiij
Another plaid gown for the prom
enado was of dark brown with plaids oi
yellow, white, red aud green lines. Tin
skirt and waist wero cut bias, uud th
corselet of gray astrakhan and V front
were tho only trimmings. There wort
enormous dlrectolro lapels. Tho liipoh
havo very stlir crinoline in them t
mako them stand out firmly.
Tnko notice of the hats worn wit!
these costumes, for they mo tho noweal
for fall for young persons. Ono has i
bow Hourly half n yard across. Tin
middle ono is just too lovely for any
thing Or that Is what our gient-gruiid
mothers used to say. It is of plush felt
with bows of ilbbon and u staiidinj.'
branch of drooping flowers that bol
about with every motion. Tho other I.
mado of n thick frill or black lace it
front, nnd n red silk crown with twi
curled feathers. Tlioy nre tho kind o
hats that help his satantu majesty, pat
tlcularly when worn in tho theater. Ni
human who hasn't somo occult mean
of vision can scoovor, through orurouiu
them, 'and it provokes nu-Chrlstia.
thoughts to sit behind them when tht
play is interesting nnd you can't bee it
The Btripes cmi bo worn by oldet
ladles with good effect. Stripes whei
judiciously managed give apparent
slenderness to quite a stout figure, but
tlioy are apt to bo conspicuous. A very
handsome pieco of goods has altermitt
green and black stripes, a sort of twist
ed outlino of frosty whito hairs edging
tuo uiucK and curling over onto tht
green. Every other green stripe hud twe
lines of blnck. A dress made of thiu had
a Figaro jacket of black passementerie
and tho forearms were also covered with
Another hundsomo striped gown hail
stripes of two shades of brown, seal nud
faded leaf. Around tho bottom of thfr
was a full niching made or bows uud
rosettes or seal brown satin riblsui.
Certainly it must requite a bundled
yards or ribbon to tm.ko this niching,
which uUo encircled the neck an.)
wrists. The wholu gown, like the nthr,
was cut on the bias, and altogether gave
a kind of tigerish appearance morostrik
ing than e'.eguut.
A lovol ft'hite crew do chine gov. i
has tho entire front baud einbroldeieu
with golil thivtids. uud ut the bottom t
u delicious Half of lace and crape u
4K2JL (C3f'( 3,ta
I? I,A X fffllt "f i If
IJM-M , -Y'.f ill ill - ,' 1
flottnro. The luck Is ornamented dow"
the middle seam with it cnta'ade of gold
ombroldcred crape. The sieves at e ol
canary velvet, high puffer, with thp
forearm of gold embroidered crape
Canary ribbon crosses rrom under the
arms to thu middle or the buck between
tho shoulders, ending under u rosette
Tho front Is of Urumels point luce and
embroidered crepe do chlno, forming u
"baby waist," below which is draped u
canary sash held to n point by a quilling
with a bono,
I notlco among tho novelties feather
boas at (ll.riO, seal capes reaching to tht
waist lino cut exactly like tho coach
man's capes, gauntlet gloves whore the
wrists look like old boot tops, stockings
with coloied butterflies worked all over
them, and yellow silk garters which
you can buy "by tho ono," Tor tho left
stocking for good luck Two are not
Woril Ol.lVK llAltl'I'.lt
It InvoUci mi I miiiiiH4, Ktprnilltnre,
Him It In MniniK'il.
Omaha, Oct. I!!. Have you ever
stopped to think, while you lazily tnrned
over u pile of advertising mutter tempt
ingly displayed on tho counter of some
railway ticket olllco.or tho tlmo. trouble
and expense involved in its preparation)
Tho chances are dollars to cents that
you have never given tho matter it
thought. If you hao. tho probability
is equally great that you havo nover
looked into it deeper than to wonder
vaguely If these tunny lined, sturtllng
posters, these dainty guidebooks, these
cumbersome (and mystifying) time ta
bles nro of any real servico; if, ufler ull
tho railway companies recoup them
solves for the money they spend in gel
ting them up
If some one who know were to tell
you thu exact stun that tho railways of
this country uimuully Invest in uilvor
Using, you would doubtless look umiii
your informant us it past grand master
in the art or romancing. Wiiat the
amount really is cannot bo stated with
any degree or certainty, but it ussuredl
Yes, indeed, 23,000.000 shining dollars
aro expended every year by tho railways
or tho United States for tho solo purpose
or keeping themselves borore the public
Nowadays every well iiianuged road
tins its own advertising department
Sometimes tho head or this department
is given a title: ho is then known us gen
oral advertising ugont. More often
however, ho is simply it superior clerk
who, po-sessed of originality uud lit
entry tendencies, is Intrusted under the
supervision of the general passenger
agent with the duty or reaching the
eyo uud our or tho outside world, uud ot
making known to it thu advantages of
his particular lino. Very frequently
tho "advertising tuun" bus had u jour
uallstic experience of greater or les
duration something which, it can oiih
ily bo seen. Is of almost Ineuleuluble
value to bini.
Tho devices by melius of which u mil
road endeavors to secure public utteii
tion nro utmost past reckoning Beside:
tho everyday medium of newspaper ad
vertisiug (undoubtedly the best method
of reaching the people) they take uu
immense variety of forms. At the mo
incut tho writer tecalls without' trouble
tho fact that iiiomuruuduiu books, fans
watebsafes, buttonhooks, pincushions
paperweights, theiiuoinoters, chrouios
calendars, playing curds, checkers ami
checker boards, photographs and paper
cutters have all within the last few
yeurs been hsued for free distribution
by ono or another railway company
As to tho cost of ruilway advertising
When ono considers tho item of time
tables nlono the results of investigation
am ustounding. Tuko, for example
u road of, say, a.000 miles. It will issut
every month rrom l5.000toU0.000 -local
folders." the number depending, of
course, very largely upon the volume oi
travel patronizing it. Tho cost of local
folders will bo roughly about ij&'iO a
month or $3,000 a year. Tho "through
folder," being intended to favorably im
press truvelets living ut points distant
from the Hue issuing it, is u more olal
orate and expensive utTair; more uie
needed and the cost runs all the wuy
from $7,000 to sM'.'.OOO or $13,000 it yeur
Then there's the question of limps
Mups nro expensive. A fairly respectu
bio one can be had, if purchiiaud in lot
or 3.000 or 10,000. ror ubou't twenty
cents upleco An energetic' company
ensily disposes of 10,000 in u yeur uud
thus go another $2,000.
Guidebooks nro another item Involv
ing heavy expenditure. If they aro to
bo effective they tequlro in tlioir piep.i
ration the finest kind of paper and the
most original designing, all ot which
costs money. A thousuud dollars is u
mere bagatelle lu the first cost of a
"Book of Summer Tours." As instanc
ing this, it tuny be said that a certain
western road, less than 300 miles lu
length, recently issued a publication
that cost over $IO,000, And so it goen
As most people know, the ureater nait
j or railway udvottising in country ami
, city newspapers is paid for in trans
! portatlon. Tho tesults. from the rail
I way's standpoint, aro good. No money is
i paid out, and "yo country editor" isilis
l posed to look kindly upon the toad ovui
I whaso tracks he rides on a mileage ImoI;
Tho approach of the -World's fair has
already called into being a very large
ninouut of advertising matter, and will
yet bo responsible for much more, it very
large percentage of which will in ull
likelihood never bo seen in this country
for tho reason that it is being prepared
for the benefit of the people of Jther
lands than ours. Europe and South
America are already being besieged by
great quantities of folders, while even
Australia, China, Japan aud the South
Sea islands have not e.-i-aped,
Practically the railways of the conn
try have taken upon their shoulders tin
duty or noising abroad the attractions
or thegieat tatr, and so lie.utilyuietlie)
entering upon the pcifuimuiiceof then
task that it may well lie doubted if they
are not attending to it m hotter manner
than could bo done by the commissioners
themselves, .1, M CaMI'Iiki.i.
RE you a
BEFORE BUYING YOUR
See our Large Lire.
A. M. DAVIS & SON,
1112 O STRG6T,
uQir Special Inducements to Cash Buyers.
We have just placed on sale a lot ol
Papar x x x
cither Ruled or Plain, with latest shape Envelopes,
Also 200 boxes of
In Plain or Ruled, with Envelopes same style a, Laliclle France Linen.
These arc offered
143 S. 1 1th Street. Telephone 39S.
tint, just received
Nabob Sweet Pickles,
Imported Chow Chow, -Sweet
Blossom Peas, -Fancy
Fancy Small Olives, -
M. Y. Full Cream Cheese,
Extra F'cy Sliced
A FULL LINE OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
tsrow&t EAiti.r. j, miILLERi
Gas or Gasoline
Makes no smell or dirt.
For Simplicity it Heats the World.
No Batteries or Electric Spark to
Just light tho Uttrncr, turn the
Wheel, and It runs nil day.
No double or false Explosions fre
quent with thu unreliable spark.
It runs with u chcap-jr crude of
Gasoline than r.r.y other Engine,
flhlsponulnr Knmlljr Jotirntlr If not, why not?
Anyonecainirronl DO coins for throo
months, or I,00 for K mouths, for
a CLEAN, SPICY,
Hfinl your nnnie either hy mall or telephone.
Comprising 300 Hoxcs of
pACIl Dox contains a full quire of Paper, and
the same number of Envelopes, and they are
jut as good as what you usually pay 50 ccntsfor.
ThU I a bargain worth looking Into.
Wessel-Stevens Printing. Co.,
Courier Office, 1 1 34 N St.
a lot of new
- 25c can
Pineapple 26c can
Send run IixusTnATrn Pkvckhtivk
H. P. HALLOCK & CO.
I'rojirlttori of t!io
Alantic-PaciSc Type Foundry,
no. 1013 nowAaa sr.
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