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About Capital city courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1885-1893 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 1, 1892)
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CAPITAL CITY COURIER,
SATURAY, OCTOBER ,i 189?
IJIMBNSE OUK DOCKS.
BUSY SCtNCS AT THE POflTO OF
MIMIoiii of Tom of Mlrlilunn Iron Or
Find Tlmlr 'j lt :! cUnil, AiIiIn
built nil lirlr liilcrcllim liifiiriiinllnn
About n Mluniitlo Imltmli-y.
Oi.KVi:t..Ni), Sept. '.Ml. When tin
grcnt trniiNrtutliin Imll of tliuColtun
Man exposition noxt year is filled with
representations of systeiiM ami methods
of moving tlio world' products It will
havo fow Hint will surpass In unltuiu
niul peculiar interest tlio sight that may
bo neon ilnily at tlio oro ixirtn of Luke
Tho discovery of extremely rich and
almost inexhaustible deposit of Dessu
rtior oro in tho Duke Superior dlstrleta n
quarter of n contnry ago, as woll ns mora
recently, lun Iwon followed by tho
growth of a eoinmerco tliat la unrivaled
of ita kind in tho world, and nowhere to-
rUKt.INO AN OUK RTKAMKU.
day will fltich inonntaltm of rich oro bo
found heaped ready for tho transform
lug flro of tho furnaces us at Cleveland,
Ashtabula, Fairport and Buffalo and at
South Chicago, on Lake Michigan.
Tho oro lielng Ions bulky than coal
can io carried farther than tho coal In
the journey toward each other, so that
but little oro is reduced in tho upper
DoniuMila of Michigan. Much of it
ineots tho coal at Chicago and Cleve
land, but tho greater part la carried to
the Mahoning vnlloy and western Penn
sylvania furnaces. As tho lakes are
open for navigation but sovon months
in tho year, it is necessary to Hud a
storage placo for tho oro required to
supply tho furnnces during tho winter
months. Accordingly at Cleveland, Ash
tabula and Fairport iniles of docks have
been built, lining tho narrow riven that
put into tho lake at theso poiutx, nml
here during tho summer is unloaded
hundreds of thousands of tons of Iron
ore and gradually forwarded to tho fur
naces by rail.
It is almost impossiblo to appreciate
tho magnitude of this great truffle with
out a walk nlong tho docks between great
ranges of irod oro hills twenty, thirty and
forty feet in height, only a fow railroad
tracks separating them like narrow vm
leys, and overhead a great steel frame
Trork of oro hoisting machines. Tho rat
tle of tho steel buckets as thoy tiro raisod
from tho holds of great black hulled
reisers by tho docks and go creaking on
tho cantilevers back to whatever point
the engineer has elected to dump them
startles one, and tho stranger dodges In
voluntarily as they rush backward and
forward over his head.
Half hidden behind tho ranges of red.
brown or sparkling gray oro, tho colors
varying with tho qualities, is tho pony
engino operating each set of hoisting
machines, pufiing and hissing away
adding n familiar clement to tho strange
scene. Now n train of Hat cars conn
creeping nlong, drawn by n snorting
switch engine. In each car are a dozoi.
fills of those great ton buckets, look in j,
liko such n light load as compared with
the heaping coal cars, so usual in othot
places, yet testing the strength of the
gondolas quite as fully. A red tlnst
rises and falls uiul tho laborers nro cat
ered with it. Their clothes aro ochc:
ona red, boots tho color of tho tnnbirl.
piles they know as leather, and swea
tnrrows aro down their dusty faces and
through tho rust tinged beards.
The unloading of a vessel nt one of
these docks is rapid work. All tho lake
oro carriers havo six and many of them
eight hatches, and when thoy como to
tho dock a hoisting machine is put to
work in each. Tho great buckets un
filled below, whilo tho others nro drawn
up and emptied, sometimes being car
tied back on tho overhead railway of the
cantllovors 300 feet or more. Thus it l.i
possible to take 3,000 tons enough to
load 150 ordinary flat curs from a ves
. sel in six or eight hours.
At present tho nctlvity on tho ore
docks, whether at.Clovelund, Fairport or
Ashtabula, is almost at its height. T t
latter point being nearer many furnace
and having a straight river channel ro
ceivos tho most oro of any port on Lain
Erie, usually running 1,600,000 toiw ui
, OUTEIt KND Of CANTII.CVER.
Clovelund tanks second, her receipt
exceeding 1,000,000 tons, whilo Fairport
is third, with 1,100,000 or more. Duf
falo, Lorain nnd u fow other "jioints re
ceive small amounts. Tho oro cornea
principally from Escunaba, Mich,, ou
Lake Michigan (Green Day); Marquette,
Mich.; Ashland, Wis,, and Two Harbors.
Minn., on Lako Superior. Tho river
.frontago of tho docks hero is longer than
at any other Lako Erio point, but they
-aro not so deep, nnd havo not as great a
iproportlonato etorngo capacity as at
.Ashtabula and Fairport, whero laud
snear tho river is much less vnluublo and
i moro easily obtained.
Few persons can iippreciato what
1,000,000 tons of oro meant without luiv
ling it put iu somo more familiar shape
'The docks at this port, where thnt
amount or mtro is received every year,
bave a river It-outage of over two miles,
and are from 1M to 2?3 tttl deep. Here
Is heaped hills of lino red and brown
hematite, like so much ocherous gravel,
or the coarser lumps of sparkling gray
magnetic ore, varying widely in quality
Tho casual observer ns ho walks
along can distinguish but four or five,
or nt most half n doren, grades of oro.
but experts know that theso immense
conical piles nro strictly clansiflcd, and
thnt upward of eighty different grados
have their place in tho market lists.
Dut how much is 1,500,000 tons of oro?
Loaded on flat cars thirty-llvo feet long
nnd carrying ilfteon tons each it would
make a train 700 miles long, or more
than five times tho distance from Cleve
land to Plttsburgl Yet tills Is but about
one-third tho iron ore laid down at Lake
Erlo ports every summer. Tho total
would moro than till two trains of such
flat cars extending from Chicago to.
Now York cityl
Ilesldoa this great oro truffle, which
annually amounts to $!0,000,000 or moro
in value, there Is shipped from tho ports
of Lake Erie an Itnmonso amount of
coal, both authiaclto and bituminous,
to Chicago, Milwaukee, Diiluth and
smnller points, where it is stored for
shipment farther west during tho winter
mouths. This requires n very different
sot of docks, and in extent thoy exceed
tho oro docks, Cleveland leads in tho
amount of bituminous coal shipped,
handling over 1,000,000 tons annually.
Tho coal docks nro over two miles in
length, but narrow, and the coal is usu
ally loadotl directly from tho cars b
means of derricks that handle great
buckets holding half a ton or more. The
work is slower than that of loading oro
or unloading it, but n now dovico hai
just been erected hero that promises to
make it easy to dump a whole carload
into a vessel at once, and if it succeeds
tho work will Imj greatly oxiedlted.
Without this tho Cleveland docks can
handlo 1,000 ordinary carloads of coal a
day, nnd tho total shipments from tho
jiort each year reaches 70,000 carloads,
or enough to mnko a train over 450 mile
longl Nothing could hotter Illustrate
the magnitude of theso great interests
than that stupendous fact.
When, in addition to what goes from
Cleveland, tho largo shipments from
Toledo, Sandusky, Ashtabula, Erio and
Duffalo aro considered tho nggregato
reaches an amount ns nmnzing as that
of the oro truffle.
Doth oro and coal docks gather an
added interest when one thinks of thei
varied and close relations to tho coin
fort nnd industry of tho central west
and great northwest, and what appears
at tlrst as only strange and unusual be
comes richly suggestive of tho great ago
of steel In which wo live, of tho wonder
ful development of tho lake region and
especially tho northwest, and of tho
nmazlng increase in recent yearn in
transportation facilities and their even
moro nmazlng cheapness.
Bamukl. O. McCi.uitu.
Rkddino, Conn., Sept. 0. Asido from j
their Interest us tlio theater or many
notable events in Revolutionary times,
theso rock ribbed hills possess a charm
for tho student of literature also. On
one of the broadest of them was be ti
in tho year 1 751, Joel Darlow, tho most
widely kno n of early American poets,
author of tho ambitious epic tho "Co
lumbiad," and in tho early days of tho
republic "a man of might." Tho poet's
father tilled n farm of 170 acres, and
loci became thoroughly familiar with
tho ins nnd outs of colonial husbandry.
Tho old Darlow homestead wns de
molished in 18211, nnd local antiquaries
can merely locato its sito in the western
part of tho town. Dut tho old tavern
roadhouso and postofllco combined
whoro at ono timo tho poot lived, nnd In
tho upper front chamber of which ho
wroto, still stands iu West Redding. It
has uot suffered material clymgo. In it,
wo are told, bluff and hearty old Put
nam frequently enjoyed good cheer,
both social and bibulous. Tho nent farm
house into which tho old roadhouso has
been metamorphosed ic painted a bright
yellow and stands on tho old Danbury
post road. Near it flows tho Saugatuck
river, hero but a brook. Tho barroom
was iu tho northeast corner, and back of
tho liar was a wiuo closet closed by a
glass door. A quaint
mains unaltered in tho
sklo or tlio enormous chimney, limns
and bacon were- hung high In thoso days.
UMsumimwun year ninues the read- .elves, would preservo tho now unequal
1? of Darlow s epic timely, not nloiio rttti0 between tho Increase and slaughter,
because or Columbus' "vision" therein , As it is now thero is practically no pro
described, but also to show how far wo tection, nnd fiom June to December tho
havo advanced in pootic composition markets of western cities show forbid
s nee Darlow wrote. Tho "Coluinbiad"i3 den gnill0t it i9 not alone grouso, but
tho perfected version of an earlier iioeiu quail, wild turkeys and other variotlos
v) mu n.iiuu nuiuui, luiiuu mu --isiun
of Columbus, ' written ere Darlow had
gained such distinction iu other ways us
n diplomat, general writer and man of
nffairs. Tho bchcnio of each poem Is
substantially tho same, Columbus, tho
discoverer, being represented as a seer
who dlscourt-os at length concerning tho
trials, triumphs and future greatness of
tlio Now World. Tho events of tho
Revolution occupy a prominent part in
tlio work, and Harlow has noted many
incidents connected with tho localities
and men thut wero specially familiar to
A short distnnco from tho old build
ing is tho sito of the
cump ground in Now
lrshed ubotit lolO. The tents wero verv
primitive then, often only branches of
trees or blankets stretched ou poles.
Abovo tho vnlloy to tho east is n high
lidgo called "Uallows hill," from the
execution of a spy nnd n deserter there
by Putnam's orders. When Darlow
lived nearby tho hill, then haply of less
ominous name, was covered with n
thick forest growth. Now it is mostly
cleared nnd gone to barrenness. A fow
itunted bushes crop out hero nnd there.
Bprlug lends n brief freshness to tho
vegetation, which soon disappears, nnd
iro long tho blood rod sumao flames iu
tho sun and tho withered grasses Bwny
In the strong winds, nil tho work of its
111 favored uuiue, tlio superstitious will
lay. Ai-beut J. Potter.
PA83INQ OF THE PRAIRIE CHICKEri
Us Hm llrrn Alniixt Kitorinlintliul It)
Anil,KNK, Kan., Sept. 20. Tho oxliilii
rating sport of hunting the prairie chick
en on tho plains of tho west will soon he
ns extinct ns thnt of shooting bultalo
The quick whir-r-r of the bird is lu aril
loss nnd less frequently, and tho hunt
crs encounter a far greater watines
than of old. Only a fow years ngo and
tho sportsman was in clovor when In
reached tho prairies of Kansas, Special
cars with hunters alsmrd stopped in the
midst of tho level plains, and whon the
men came back It was with shoulders
heavily laden with tho toothsomo and
Hut tho heartless nnd indiscriminate
slaughter in season and out of season to
which tho different varieties of grouse
and quail have been subjected during
tho past decade has almost ruined the
sport on tho plains of Kansas, Nebraska
Iowa and other sections of tho west. To
bo sure there Is yet game, hut it has so
decreased in quantity that tho present
reason sees not one-tenth tho nmouut
that existed a fow years since.
Thorn Is little sport moro enticing
than tho shooting of prairio chickens-
or pinnated grouse. Nothing can be
compared to it except tho hunting of
wild turkoy. Whilo turkey Is sought in
tho timber of tho liottom lauds tho prai
rio chicken lives boldly out on tho plain,
and trusts to his keenness of vision and
rapid flight to protect himself. To creep
tqion a flock of the fowls nt homo is a
sight to bo remembered. Tho rich,
plump bodies of tho hens shading from
dark grayish brown on the breast ami
wings to a light gray neck and dark
head, and tho larger build of tho males
with tho distinguishing long black feath
ers on tho neck, reaching down like the
cuds of a yoke, make a delicious con
trast for tho lover of a riilo with tho
gieen of tho prairio sod.
Thoy nro large enough to mako a good,
legitimate prey; they aro excellent eat
ingtender, rich, gamy. Dut their out
posts hear you, and a quick clucking
warning is given. In an instant ovory
head drops, tho bodies crouch close to
tho ground and apparently disappear.
Unless you nro a practical huntor you
will declaro thnt, half a second has suf
(iced for homo of the birds to sink into tho
earth. Dut they aro all there. This one
behind a little grass clump; that iij a
tiny hollow made by somo pony's foot,
another spreading its wings as it squats
nt tho base of a weed stalk. To tho ama
teur eye it is remarkablo if without con
sidorablo search moro than two or three
can bo detected, so closely (Jo tho colors
of tho birds blend with tho shadows and
tints of the sod.
Tho professional knows that thoy are
nil there, and tho bunch is speedily
(lushed. In an Instant they riso about
you ns if suddenly created from dust.
I Ono was less than a yard from your feet,
I yet you did not see it. Their flight Is a
. peculiar one. Rising to a height of from
twenty to fifty feet they tako a horizon
tal course, churning tho air rapidly with
tho stumpy wings until momentum is
acquired, then sailing with outstretched
pinions for many rods. A prairio chick
on is never awkward or ridiculous ex
cept when in tho nir. On taking flight
tho birds do not, liko quail, go as a flock,
but radinto in every direction, so that
ho is a good gunner indeed who makes
both barrels count.
Tho prairio chicken is nonmigrntory,
and, liko quail, turkey nnd rnbbits,
might bo preserved for nil timo if af
forded a reasonablo amount of protec
tion. Grouse and quail can stand a com
paratively closo settlement of tho conn
, iW(, ,, wnll i n nmnlv rnrHir.
, ttnco ou tbo part of tho sixirthiiion them-
! (jutfer Poacher
Butter. Poachers go with dogs out of
season and bring in loads of tho pretty
game, and it finds its way mysteriously
into tho stalls of tho cities.
Kansas and Nebraska have laws pro
hibiting tho killing or offering for salo
of birds except from Sept. 1 to .Inn. I.
( Yot so flagrantly has tho law been
vioiatcu tliat it ias become necessary
i for sportsmen's clubs to offer purses for
Information regarding violation in order
, to prevent entjro extermination. It
will tako but a short timo to put nn end
to tho sport ut tho present rato of do-
The famous civilian Kpnnt. Itunnwa
nbo ik iittnuhed to tlin irnvprtitiiinit !
' in Yellowstone nark, idves somo inter.
esting facts regarding tho Increase of
' giuil0 Bico b0Vero Ullasures havo been
taken with tho poaching trapper. Tho
elk, ho says, nro now in such nbuudanco
that thoy promiso to give gumo to tho
hunter in season for many years to
. come, whilo tho buffalo nro increasing
' to such an extent thut tho park will soon
bo well stocked. Tho sumo kind of vig
orous measures will bo necessary if tho
I western prairies aro not tobo stripped of
j tho smaller as thoy havo been of tho
larger gumo. u. .ii. u.uuii'.it.
Mr. Thomas Evans, fanner. St. Mel-
j Ions, England, while (lowing iu one of
signi is mo oia try, at least ono as closo as most parts of ' "". " ; .
which still re I tb west will admit of. and with tl. !,HM,tof. t,c foresaid. rohnny. Next morn-
garret by tho i nr,M.r f0r,...,t of riL.,iiv Arklti . lnAntT "'V""H "lT ' I 'u,n?
i ct i fiuriiiri-ii in ri'iiiiiinr iinn iiiiil.- iiiiiht.
his iiolds, unearthed a jar containing
1 nearly 800 Roman coins of tho Second
bud Third coutuvies.
One of the mnnjr advantages of an edu
cation Is displayed In the case of a negro
woman who net long ago married a man
of uiiprcKHHCiiltig appeuranco and any
thing but an amiable disposition.
She had formerly been ii servant, and
one of tho young ladles of the family with
whom she hsd lived asked hsr how she
ever came to marry 1'ompey.
"What In the world did lio say to you
Dinah," she Inquired, "to persuade you tc
"Lnw sakes, Miss Mary, chllel" ejaeu
Inted the good nntured Dinah, "you kno
dat I couldn't rank' no answer to Point
when ho come a-eo'tlu oh me, cuwu
Pomp, he's edlcuted. honey, don' you si-e!
Why, I s'mNu dat he got some ' lib
Words out de Jngnfy, an a whole potty nl
em out de dictionary, an so, co'se, Ml
Mary, It wa'u't no use oh me trylu to hold
Out against Pompt" Youth's Companion,
She Why tu toe world does ho call his
lie because they go to meet her, you
Tlmlr Cum'- Hotiiimlint Hliullnr.
Thero could hardly haVo lieen n great rt
contrast between two men who had beet;
chums at school and afterw.ud at college.
The first had a tingo of gray In his hair,
wrinkles on his brow anil was round
shouldered from long hours spent over n
desk. He was trudging slowly home
ward. The second was well dressed, and when
he walked hud a moro elastic step than
tho first. Dut he wasn't wulkinu; hu wa
driving ns usual. Thero were some llin-
of earo on his face, but altogether he
looked prosperous and happy.
"That man's worth half a million," said
ono of the two men who had stopped tc
watch him drive past'
"And that i. mu Isn't worth fiOO," said
tho other, nodding toward the one v.' lie
was trudging along on the other side oi
"I knew them when they were lioth
poor," said the llrst. "Doth started out in
become rich, and for a year or ho It seemed
an even thing. Each was striving ami
struggling for thoame end."
"1 know, and ono failed."
"I mean one failed to get rich."
"Doth failed to get rich. The other went
Into bankruptcy and paid ten cents on the
dollar. That's how he did get rich." De
troit Free Press.
"Waiting for dead men's shoes" Is a sor
ry occupation. No man can follow itlnng
without losing what little of enterprise
and Independence he may once have had.
Dut few pi-oplo aro frank enough to admit
that they aro on that "waiting list."
"Well, Drown," said Smith, as they met
for tho llrst time in several years, "aro you
married yet? Did that rich old grandfa
ther of yours leave you moiieyr"
"Waal, no, I ain't marriid yet, nor ain't
likely to be author, 's fer's I kin see. Ef
Grandfather Green lied done as ho ought
ter hev done 1 s'posu I'd been settled down
in a house of my own years ago. He"
"So ho didn't leave you a cent, eh?
That's too bad I declare."
"Jos' so. Puts Mary and mu in n awful
hard place. There ain't nuthin fer us ter
do now but to wait fer some o her folks
to die." Yc tub's Companion.
A young man with a wldo brimmed
straw hat on the back of his head nnd a
look of forgiveness for everybody on his
fnce entered a suburban car at a South
Sldo depot yesterday afternoon, scanned
tho few passengers who had gone aboard
and took his Ktbytho sldo of a pretty,
black eyed young woman half way down
"I Ieg your pardon," he said with nn en
gnglng'smlle. "The car Isn't full yet, hut
It soon will be audi think ono runs less
risk of getting an undesirable scat mate if
one makes the selection one's self. Don't
you think sof"
"Yes, sir, I do," sho replied, rising up at
once and taking a scat by the sldo of n
white haired old lady on tho other side of
tho car. Chicago Tribune.
Johnny Fizzlctop accompanied bin sister
to n party nt tho residence of Colonel
Percy Yerger. In accordance with tho
prevailing fashion the ladies wore low
"Pa, what do they mean by unanimous?"
"Unanimous, my son well, when every
body wants the same thing, then they are
said to bo unanimous."
"Well, then, thoso ladles at tho ball last
night were unanimous, for they all wanted
the same thing."
"What was it, my son?"
"Clothes." Texas Slftings.
Clara Did you accept Mr. Pelter last
Maude Why, how did you know that
Clara I noticed when he came out of
the conservat-jry with you thnt the creases
In his troupers had disappeared. Clothier
Ilo Will, Though.
"Well, Tommy," said the visitor, "how
' do yon like your baby brother?"
"Oh, lots nnd lots only I don't think
he's very bright."
"We've hud him nearly two weeks now.
I snd ho hasn't said a word to anybody."
Nothing to Fonr.
JlniRon I tell you what it is, old boy.
You ought to sco Dr. Cureall about your
Sick Friend To bo frank with you, I am
k little afraid of doctors.
Jlnuon Oh, you needn't bo afraid of
Cureall. He Isn't n regular doctor. New
Jurvis Miss Smlthert had fifteen pro
posals of uinrrlagu made to her the day
if ter she graduated,
Bnell-.nd shu such a plain glrll What
n-as the cause?
JarvN Her commencement essay was
n "Dow to Cook n Deefhtenk." New York
A. M. DAVIS & SON,
AND VJU1 1
1112 O STR66T,
Offers Extraordinary Inducements to
STATE FAIR VISITORS
Space too small to enumerate.
Call this week.
143 S. 1 1th Street. Telephone 398.
has just received n lot of new
Nabob Sweet Pickles, - 25c qt.
Imported Chow Chow, - - 25c "
Sweel Blossom Peas, - - 25c can
Fancy Queen Olives, - 40c qt.
Fancy Small Olives, - - - 20c "
H. Y. Full Cream Cheese, - 20c lb.
Extra F'cy Sliced Pineapples. 25c can
A FULL LINE OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
tarOItJEt EARLY. j, TOIILL.BF2.
Formerly of HUFFMAN &
fSnm mus m
mm kSS pxxgfiBttXJLJ.ixuu.J.'.J.uj 1 1 1 riwjctjjjmqxQt -
We have just placed on sale a lot of
rapei x x x
cither Ruled or Plain, ulth latest shape Envelopes,
Also 200 boxes of
hi Plain or Ruled, with Envelopes ssmc style as I. allelic France Linen.
These arc offered
Gas or Gasoline
Mnkca no Hindi or dirt.
For Simplicity it Dents tlio World.
No Batteries or I'leetrlc Spark to
Just light tho Dttrner, turn the
Wheel, niul it runs all day.
No double or false Explosions, fre
quent with the unreliable spark.
It runs with n cheaper Rrade of
Gasoline than any other Knglne.
RICHTER. 1039 0 STREFT
Comprising 300 Boxes of
Box contains a full qnlrc of Paper, and
6.1111c number of Envelopes, and they arc
good as what you usually pay 50 ocntsfor.
This is a bargain worth looking into.
Wessel-Stevens Printing,' Co.,
Courier Office, 1134NSt.
I 1 1
Srni) roa Iixcstbateo IiKsciurctvis
l'roirlitori nt tlio
AlantiC'Pacific Typo Foundry,
xio. 1013 nowAnD sr.
N jaVW nm
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