Capital city courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1885-1893, September 26, 1891, Page 3, Image 3

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    "alTF 7Tu , iy-
'"V-vyc1! T '
From the Gold Mines of Montana
v in
C'HAUI.r.S .lAOHrt.
"Dr. DcniiN Curcil mu of t'lilnrrli of tlio
Throat In One Month."
C1IA. JACl'rt,
i: Htrcot, between ailli iiml 27lli,
IillK'lllll) Noli.
MHH. VM. IC. tlAY,
of (.'iistlo, Montiiiift.
Ilnvlim hi'iinl thioiiKh friend II vlrne In Lite
coin of Dr. llentils' mioci'oi In earing eittiirrh.
Mtm. (Iny whoso lunlminl N Interested Inn
K0I1I mlno In Cntlo, Montiinu, entile nil thti
way to Lincoln for treatment, 70 inllri of the
distance, liultie traveled liy slime. shoiis: I
lind cnturrh for yenr. my health Itecuino
poor and I i'oiiM Ret no rollof. My breath was
very oirvnxlvo anil a constant illchariru came
from my no and throat. After tn-atlni; mo
two weeks tliu doctor removed a Inrito (ileco
of dead bono from my novo which had lioen
cailKvd by the disem.0. I have been treated
kI weeks and feel no much Improved that I
Khali return next monday to my family and
continue hid treatment by correspondence.
My breath iIoch not Miuell any more and ills
chnrKC NnlmoHt entirely Htopped "and I feel
llkoa different person."
Dr. C. Warren Dennis
Eyo, Ear, Noso and Throat Burgeon and Hpec
Inilstln Catarrh, itraduatu of thico medical
tolleRcs; 10 years' experlenco. Hundreds of
cases successfully treated. Chaws reason
able. Consultat Ion tree. Correspondence so
licited. I'atlonts nt a distance treated by
correspondence. Ucfercncus, many or the
best pcoplo In Lincoln, who have, been cured.
Olllce.over First National Hank, Kith ir il O.
Hours, 11 to 12, i to n, and 7:3U to S:30; Sundays
S to 5 p. m.
No matter what others do or say, wo still
give you tho
Newest and C TT f C C
Best Grades of O il J JD O
At LOWER PRICES than others.
You can save money by buying your
Boots and Shoes of
1043 O Street.
Lincoln Shirt Factory
To 1402 O Street.
In lis new location this establishment will
have, better facilities than over for turuliiK
out llrst'clask work, and nu lucieaneil lino of
Gents Kurnlshlm; Ooods will always bo on
tale. To our business has been added a
In which varments of all kinds will bo made
to order and nuythlni; from tho smallest mi
dergnrinunt to tho finest Ihess or Cloak will
bo skillfully executed and made on short
notice. In this department wu condor one
ofthobest cutlers and titters in the country
and satisfaction Is truaraiiteed In every par
ticular. Our factory will licit After be known
as tho
Lincoln Shirt Mfg. Co.
A. Katzenstelu, Sir., Manager
Call and seo us. Cor. llihaud O SI'
Steam Laundry
2014-16 O Street,
Office 138 N. nth St. Tele. 579.
Fine Ilust CablnctH $.1 mr dozen, special
rates to wtutlent1. Call mul koo our work.
Open fiotn 10 (i. in. to 1 p. in. hiimlny.
Studio, 1214 O Street.
irMMt,nO a )tr it ttlnirmtiXy John XI.
do dwln,lr ) S ,ni ik ft u Itiider,
u nmy n I inakr nm It Lu iri
tfivh juikiyMv 1 n fr in fit;
10 a ty at Ui tun. 11 il in 1 at )cu f j
nn II lh It It I. ft I Bffi I i ID I ait (,1
liirru ' y umit iiiiinti rut hwiiif . fc'iv
nki v urtlmt iiarm liitntt enlvlo
the w ik All li iii-m (mat a M III fr
ttm wuktr tt nan u iWiiiihlnir
rvtivtMnt: I Abll ) , 1 1 1 1IU Itartml.
I AlUKlLAIt IM - lldftaitteiirf,
U" "1 llll ithii) lain; ' t riiKttiiM
Tk 1 1 1 1 I f , Im iii rn m I uiir ti J wlio,
II II II Mltr liniruttloii.wm . ik in lbth uiy,
jWJ w 0 wimw t i ftru Ihrtr IhtUkiiiMl P ltr
Yrirliiltilr-nt Hftliilrt Mlnrtwrtlity Ihr I ulll n'.oruriiUh
tht hutllpn erf iiil vtituii.fttwM li j in .in n t.iit ui.t
Nonwiifv fir nivuutoitti rftftfUl l' n I ill) nn i n tkiv
Irarnf'l I Jri'rw tmi mu w irkrr fiuiu m ImIUhi. i r unit I
liaif already iiuylit an I (i.-tUtd nlm u I. u ml a t u
tiuml'tr, ttlt-i irv mftkiuir otrr "hi dm til. li,V
" NOM U. lull pitlcilar llflU AUtlioi at uiirf,
C, AIM:.N, llik IttO, Aliv UU, M II I lit-,
Hit 8jr thf Otithiuk U Very llniieful.
Ilonr "Tho Orrnt American llr.nrt" Mil.
Ureu Mtl tn lllitMiiiii n the Itutu.
C'mii Karmrr lk MiitinyT
IHpcclnl Corropoudeneo.l
YoitK, Ncli., Sept. 17. Juet twenty
yearD ago 1 emtio Into tills part of tho
etato of Nebraska In n covered wagon
A few days ago I enmo again, on a free
pasH, and I Iiml tho country so Interent
lug that I think I'll tell you something
about it. Twenty years ago tho pralrio
hero had a house about every live milett
it was as bleak and bare a prairie as you
could picture in your mind's eye. Not a
tree, nor even a shrub, was in sight as
far as the virion could reach nothing
but a stretch of level country, on tho
turface of which a thick crop of gras
They were a pretty poor lot of people
who enmo here then and later to make
homes for themselves. If thoy hud been
well to do they would not have left tho
east to come out to tho "Ureat Amori
Vy(ra J A Will?
fiiHLf) fjKrfll jr. WU' Hjp JlS y I
"" CtTij' aB'iBaif( V 1
can Desert" to coax a livelihood out of
tho virgin soil. They wero tho peoplo
who had not been able to get a good
foothold in the east Many of them
wero soldiers in tho Federal army, who
had been distanced in the raco for wealth
while at tho front fighting tho battles of
their country. Hero they found a rich
soil, a healthful climato and nothing
elso. At fint thoy lived In sod houses,
with roofs of branches and firm turf
and iloors of clay, or in "dugouts," bur
rowed out of tho sides of littlo canyons.
Tho soil, you seo, was overything. Not
only was it tho only source of rovenue,
present or prospective, but it grow their
building material in the shapo of a
closely knit turf, and tho hard clay sub
soil served as a tloor for their dwellings.
With lumber at sixty dollars a thousand
and brick and stono and other materials
at higher prices, ho was a comparatively
rich tuiui who could build even tho
smallest and most modest of frame
houses Coal was twenty dollars a ton,
clothing and all tho necessaries of lifo as
dear us liijh freights and mercantile
greed could make them, und tho markets
far, far away
(n telling you that these men have
won their fight hero 1 am telling you
nothing that you do not already know;
but you may be interested in tho details
of this modern conquest, in which the
desert has literally been made to bios
EOtn as the rose. First, tho prairie was
turned over by tho plow This was
a simple though laborious operation
Threo horses and a heavy plow, with a
knifo to cut tho thick turf, could "break"
two acres a day. Tho first year a scant
crop of sod corn was raised, good only
for feed Out tho second year a full
crop grew
Not much caro is taken in returning to
the soil that which it gives, nor in con
serving tho fertility of tho laud by
change of crops or conversion of tilled
fields into pastures. Year after year
this magnificent soil of what was once
known as the "Great American Desert,'
has met every demand made upon it.
It has more than fulfilled every expecta
tion Nor has there ever been a com
plete failure of crops in this section In
twenty years there have been tour short
crops, due once to grasshoppers, and on
other occasions to thoughts and early
Notwithstanding their ditauce from
market, these people have prospered. I
suppose they growl as much about hard
times as any other farmers, and with
about as mrtch cause Not many of
them are rich, and some aro still in debt,
hard pushed, discontented. Debt is tho
curse of this as it 1b of any other country.
"What is tho matter with so many of
your fanners here?" I asked a successful
business man, who had himself mado
money at farming "Why are thoy still
poor and pushed?"
"It is easy enough to explain," ho re
plied. "They came out here from tho
older and richer farming country of tho
east Hero they became, many of theni
for tho first tune in their lives, farmers
on their own account Human nature
is pretty much the same the world over,
and as soon as these men began to feel
tho pride of proprietorship they wanted
buggies to drive to town in, riding plows
and riding cultivators, good horses and
cows oud all sorts of modern but expen
sive farming machinery To get all
these things they weio compelled to run
In debt, to discount tho tutuie. They
weie not ready to deny themselves at
fit st, and having once euteied upon
a policy of this kind they Hud
it impossible to stop. They are always
pressed for money, and tho result is tliat
just as soon its they harvest a crop they
must rush it oil to keep the
shei iff f lorn the door. Welti they able
to hold their piodiut a few mouths they
could gft much better pi ices for it. Tho
fanner who lemaius poor in this country
Is tho fanner vhog( ro in debt and keeps
his noso on tho grindctono. Everything
ho buys ho must buy at tho highest
prices, beeaujo ho buys on time, and pays
interest besides; overything ho sells ho
must sell at tho lowest prices, becauso
ho must sell immediately."
"Then you think money can bo made
nt farming in this country?"
"I know It can I havo uindo It my-et-'lf
Ten or twelvo years ago I had a
farm of 100 acres. I tilled it myself
my wife and I. Our first year wo lived
in a sodhotiso. and our living expenses
wero llfty-thto dollars. My nearest
neighbor had just as good a farm ai
mlno, but he went In debt for a frame
houoo Ho rode to church and town in
a top buggy bought on tlmo. Ho plowed
am cultivated on riding plows. That
man looked down on mo becauso I plod
ded along in tho old way with tho old
fashioned uiachlticry and Implements.
When ho Htid Ills wife drove to church
in their tileo buggy, passing my wife
and mo in our old wagon ho
scarcely deigned to speak to us
When tho crops wero harvested lie
had to rush his off to market to meet his
notes and his Interest I hold mine till
whiter and got 40 per cent, tnoro than
ho did Next year it was tho same, and
when his buggy and his riding plowsand
tilings wero about worn out, though not
paid for, I bought now ones for one-third
less than ho had paid for his, becauso I
bought for cash. To make a long story
short, ho is still struggling ttirder a load
of debt, with mortgages hanging over
him Tho mortgage on Ills farm I own,
and ho pays mo 10 per cent, a year in
terest on it.
"Aro interest rates high out here?"
'Yes, but tho fault is tho borrower's
and not tho lender's. Men of doubtful
solvency men who havo always been
discounting the future, and who had but
n narrow margin between payment and
bankruptcy havo had to pay aa high as
2 per cent, a month for money. There
is no business iu the wot Id that can
stand bucIi a rato of interest Certainly
farming can't stand it Hundreds and
thousands of men in this county havo
for years been paying that rato on chat
tel mortgages and from 12 to 10 per
cent a year on real estate security. Theso
aro tho men who growl, who say tho
fanner is oppressed', that fanning can't
bo mado to pay."
"Is the futuro brighter?"
"For tho fanning community as a
whole it certainly is. Tho agricultural
interests of tho west aro just emerging
from tho tieriod of debt Fanners who
plunged into debt ten or twelvo years
ago, expecting to work out In two or
threo years, aro uow recovering, but bet
ter late than never. Interest rates aro
coming down, and it is no longer possi
bio to get the ruinous rates of 2 per
cent and 1J per cent, a month paid a
few years ago Many fanners aro now
ablo to hold all or a part of their crops
for better prices Wo aro now selling
corn at forty cents which wo grow in
lbSO and cribtietl rather than sell then at
fifteen or sixteen cents. This year the
west has magnificent crops and a pros
pect of good prices. If corn matures as
it promises, wo shall have tho greatest
yield of the last twenty years, and tho
short crops abroad ought to givo us such
an era of prosperity as wo never
hail 1 iforo. This red Tetter year of 1801
shou I lift thousands upon thousands of
west, in farmers out of tho clutches of
the u&i ,-crs and into that state of inde
pendence in which thoy can hereafter
buy tho cheapest for cash and sell the
highest, becauso they can sell when they
want to, not when they must."
Certainly this fertile section of tho
'Great American Deseit" has been made
to blossom as tho toso. Whero twenty
years ago was a bare, bleak prairie, with
heio and thero a sotlhotiio or a "dug
out," now aro pretty farmsteads by tho
thousand Tho houses aro of frame,
painted, surrounded by lawns, llowers
aud fruits. Every farm has an acte or
more of timber, cottouwoods and elms,
planted by the settlers fifteen or twenty
years ago. I stood yesterday under tho
shade of a magnificent elm, its trunk a
foot thick, which 1 planted iu tiio year
1873. Nearly all of this country is un
der cultivation. In a farm of 1G0 acres
1 10 in tho average will bo under plow.
Ouo man, with a helper and two teams,
will cultivate theso 140 acres, raising in
a year liko this thre or four thousand
dollars worth of wheat, corn, oats and
At the state fair in Lincoln, tho capi
tal of tho stato, a few days ago, I saw
something which I must tell Jerry Rusk
about when 1 return to Washington
! srucuiKN aitowTii iriiioatcu conn
While on lfts western trip with President
Harrison tho secretary of agriculture
told a Nebraska audience that In Cali
fornia ho had seen cornstalks thiity feel
high, with a bushel of ears on each stalk.
"Uut here in Nebraka." said the jovial
secietary, giving hixiniaginatioii full play
iu a deiro to please In hearers, "I ex
pect to hear of your raising corn as big
as trees, every stalk tilled with shelled
The farmers of Nebraska have taken
Mr Utiskat his woid and at the stato
lair have fulfilled his prophecy by erect
ing a little grove of artificial cornstalks,
fioui the hollow of which they draw
shelkd corn through spouts, in addition
to this they havo a derrick lifting a brob
digim,riau ear of corn from the top of a
sixteen story stalk, and several other
piettj conceits which 1 am sine Uncle
Je:i) will be glad to hear about.
I Wai.tkii
To my Brother, JOHN 0. HODGES, Waihlngton, D. 0.
Used by permission of Hitchcock it1 MoCiryo Publishing Co,t Ncio York'.
By A. D. I.
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CoprrlKtit, 1S91, by Ullcticock tad McCargo Pub. Co. (Uniltnl), Now York.
Telephone 176;
bbbb BBgaalaaaMaWWLrHaffPr?iTtaijiPaW?laaB Sc. aV
IT ffSJfflnllaBSBaSl ITT w t-Xtv
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