The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, November 18, 1943, Image 4

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D. H. Cronin, Editor and Owner
Entered at Postoffice at O’Neill,
Nebraska, as Second Class Matter
One Year, in Nebraska-$2.00
One Year, Outside Nebraska 2.25
Display advertising is charged
foe on a basis of 25c an inch (one
column wide) per week. Want
ads 10c per line, first insertion.
Subsequent insertions 5c per line
Every subscription is regarded
as an open account. The names
of subscribers will be instantly
removed from our mailing list at
expiration of time paid tor, if the
publisher shall be notified; other
wise the subscription remains in
force at the designated subscrip
tion price. Every subscriber must
understand that these conditions
are made a part of the contract
between publisher and subscriber.
Fire losses have climbed for
eight consecutive months in 1943.
September losses were the high
est for any corresponding month
since September, 1932 — 29 per
cent higher than last year. This
means two things: 1—Billions
have been spent enlarging the
productive capacity of the coun
try 2—But now that the plant
has been built, a careless nation
is failing to guard against its de
struction by fire. Hardly an issue
of a newspaper anywhere in the
country is free from reports of
local fires. Often pictures accom- j
panying the story show silent, j
smouldering ruins where a few
short hours before workers kept i
an important factory humming
smoothly, turning out the endless
stream of goods that somewhere
along the national assembly line
joined other equipment to be
moved to foreign shores to fight
the war.
Nearly half a billion dollars
worth of property will be destroy
ed by fire thus year. We have
reached a point of callousness
where unless the blaze reaches
conflagration proportions, no one
is concerned in the slightest de
gree other than a few harried
firemen. Common behavior of
Nazi war prisoners upon entering
the Unitea States is an expression"
of awe at the waste they see all
around them—such as our habit
of using paper towels and throw
ing them away! If thev are shock
ed at our waste in such minor de
tails, what would they think of
our annual bonfire, which prob
ably burns up more of our war
materials than all the bombs our
enemies could ever hope to drop
on us?
It is time we considered this
waste and did sorhething about it
—beginning with fire.
Battling against tremendous odds
brought about by wdrtlrtie condi
tions, the dairy industry in the
United States increased its pro
duction from 102 hijlioq pounds
of milk in 1937 to ovefr 119 billion
pounds in 1942. That means that
even with the increase in popula
tion there were produced 45 quarts
more milk for every man, woman
and child in the United States in
1942 than in 1937.
“Then why restrict milk con
sumption now?" is the natural
question of the homemaker.
"There are two reasons why this
is necessary,” states E. M. Har
mon, of the National Dairy Coun
cil. “The first is thpt more dairy
products are necessary to .keep
American and Allied fighters in
the best physical condition. Con
sequently, greater); quantities of
milk must be manufactured in
concentrated forms,, such as
cheese, butter, and ,dry milk to
provide the needs of: the fighting
forces. ,ilw i,
“The other reasqp includes the
increasing difficulties under which
milk is being produced at the
present. Feed, laborr $nd equip
ment shortages hajre become so
acute that production has at last
started to decline in, spite of the
greatest efforts on thq part of the
producer. This decline is being
accentuated by the fact that pri
ces of other farm products are
such as to offer farmers a more
K'table outlet for such feed and
• as is available. In the month
of September there were produc
ed 273 million pounds less milk
than in September, 1942. That
represents a decline of approxi
mately one quart for every per
son in the United States. As long
as present conditions continue to
exist, milk production will de
cline, and the most careful con
servation of this, the most vital
of all protective foods, will be
Improvements in petroleum re
fining come so fast that as soon
as the ‘best’ process is developed,
the industry is already at work
on something better.
The latest of these improve
ments is the TCC process (thermo
for catalytic cracking). This pro
cess is now available, to the entire
petroleum industry.! Without its
development and other catalytic
processes, the United States could
not now be winning the war.
Aviation engineers have known
that lighter and more powerful
engines could be bililt if a gaso
line could be made that would
burn smoothly, without knocking
under high pressure. Iso-octane
■was discovered in the laboratory
fifteen years ago and was believ
ed to have such good properties
that it could serve;as the perfect
fuel. It was given thd number of
100 octane, and gasolines were as
signed octane numbers relative to
this standard. Uii ;4
One-hundred ocfane gasoline
was not available in quantity,
however, before the war, since
juost crudes do not naturally con
rf TAKES 9.000
V^^ CDsr uhclb sam
Firewood. cured for a yeaR. wul
rrochjce as much as 35 s more
Hear in»a green wood.
Poi/h >>
-a. oeieiNWU'/
t lN6REOlEigT!»
» njfize aieajubep
I e/WFoyMB
tain this type of fuel. For some
years the petroleum industry has
searched for processes that could
convert crudes available into the
product desired. Catalytic refin
ing came just in time to meet the
demands of war. Two years ago
the Army and Navy joint require
ments for 100 octane gasoline
were 24,000 barrels a day; by the
spring of 1942 they were 250,000
barrels. The present amount need
ed is a military secret, but it is
much larger, and American oil
companies are supplying it.
After laborious research and
the expenditure of millions of
dollars, the oil industry was able
to take a product which was only
a laboratory specialty costing $25
a gallon, and turn it into a pro
duct which could be made at the
rate of millions of gallons a day,
selling at about 13c a gallon. Thus
did American initiative and free
enterprise score another victory—
one that is actually preserving the
life of this nation.
Retailing Grows Up
As postwar planning approaches
the day of practical application,
the role of retail distribution
grows steadily more abundant.
The Committee for Economic De
velopment, representing the best
thought that industry can pit
against postwar problems, is now
considering the formation of a re
tail section on the theory that no
community planning can be com
plete unless retail distribution,
servicing, and similar groups are
aware of the manufactured plan
In a sense, the proposal to bring
into closer cooperation producers
of manufactured goods and retail
ers is little different than the co
operation which producers of food
and retail distributors have enjoy
ed for many years, to the benefit
of consumers. Anyone familiar
with the food industry will recall
the producer-consumer campaigns
instituted by stores to help farm
ers dispose of surplus crops. Those
campaigns were highly success
ful. The list of commodities that
received marketing aid included
practically every item on the fam
*ly dinner table. In fact, many
consumers were literally taught
to eat nourishing food by the pro-.
motional efforts of retailers dur
ing these campaigns to translate
abundance on our farms into im
proved eating habits.
The evolution of mass distribu
tion continues in wartime. What
is more logical than that the in
dustry should apply the merchan
dising lessons of the past and thus
contribute substantially to a pro
gressively rising standard of liv
ing in the future? Part of its job
will be to pass on to consumers
the goods and services of the most
efficient industrial nation in the
world. Retailers have demonstrat
ed an ability to match mass pro
duction with mass distribution.
How far this combination will go
toward reestablishing sound pros
perity depends in no small meas
ure upon the tax and regulatory
policies of government, national
| and local.
J. D. Cronin went to Ainsworth
Tuesday, where a law suit in
which he is interested with Wm.
C. Smith, Jr., of Long Pine, comes
on for trial Wednesday. The
action is one for damages sustain
ed by a soldier in a Bus truck
collision near Ainsworth last
April. The trial is expected to
consume the balance of the week.
Pvt. Robert Miles left Sunday
for Camp Abbott, Oregon, after
visiting his wife, daughter and
parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. E.’ Miles
and other relatives and friends.
Mrs. Helen Starlin left Sun
day for Bedford, Iowa, to visit
relatives and friends. She will
also visit in St. Joseph, Mo., be
fore returning home.
Mr. and Mrs. Dick Robertson
and family and Mrs. Sam Robert
son and Raymond went to Omaha
on Friday, returning home that
same evening.
Mrs. Harold Lindberg returned
Wednesday from Omaha, where
she visited relatives and friends
for a few days.
Mrs. Laura Myer and daughter,
Mildred King, left Saturday for
Indianapolis, Indiana, to visit rel
atives and friends.
Mrs. R. E. Gallagher, of Grand
Island, arrived Sunday to visit her
sister and brother-m-law, Mr.
and Mrs. John Melvin.
Five car loads of I. O. O. F.
Let’s Keep
the Record Straight
I Trail.. wSmSSmSSi
.... ••v—*r***** ■•■///
.. iv\»).—mh
JUST because the world is in confusion Is no
reason for your personal affairs to be the
same way. System and order—particularly in
financial affairs—are conducive to efficiency,
eliminate worry, save time and effort. One
thing that will help to achieve this orderliness
is a checking account. It will enable you to
pay bills safely and quickly, and to keep your
financial records straight. You are invited to
ooon your checking account at this bank.
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Views of i
' Congress j
I Dr. A. L. Miller. {
j M. C.
Examinations for West Point:
Notification has just been re
ceived from the Civil Service
Commission that it will hold des
ignation examination on January
22, 1944, to assist members of
Congress in making their selec
tions foi- appointment to the mili
tary and naval academies. Your
Congressman has one appoint
ment to make for entrance to the
military academy at West Point
in July, 1944. He will make that
appointment on the basis of
grades attained in this examina
tion. Those receiving the four
highest grades will be appointed
principal and alternates in the or
der of their grades. Each candi
date will be permitted1 to take the
examination in a city near his
home or, if he is already in the
armed forces, at the station where
he is located. Only sons of bona
fide residents of the Fourth Dis
trict. Nebraska, are eligible for
appointment of your Congress
man. Those who desire to take
this examination must advise me
on or before January 1, 1944.
Causes of Manpower Shortage:
The Voice of Labor, published
by the Central Labor Union of the
North Platte Valley, quotes its
former president, A1 Keller, now
employed at the Lockheed Air
craft Plant, Van Nuys, Calif., as
saying: “McNutt’s estimate of 25
per cent increase in production
thorugh improved utilization of
available manpower is conserva
tive. He should have said 33 1-3
per cent and his estimate would
still be*low. At least one-third of
the men and women are standing
around most of the time doing
nothing. Thousands of men and
women came here to do their part
in the war effort. To see their
time and ability wasted, is more
than they can take. In the four
months I have been here I have
seen the turnover of my depart
ment mount to way over 100 per
From all indications this con
dition is not limited to California.
If we add to this surplus of indus
trial workers' about the same per
centage of government workers,
who Senator Byrd’s committee
says could be dispensed with, we
would not be having so much
trouble getting workers needed
on the farms.
More Regimentation:
Plans may soon be announced
for price ceilings and the ration
ing of used cars. This will be an
other blow at the small garages,
filling stations and used car deal
ers who have been struggling
against odds to keep their financ
ial head above the torrent of bur
eaucratic orders and directives.
Oil This Winter, Yes or No?
Under present conditions it is
estimated that only wells in the
hands of the big oil companies
will be in operation in another
six months. The small producer
will not be able to make even a
small profit, so will have to quit.
Along with other members of
Congress I have signed a petition
to bring out a bill to force the
Economic Director to recognize
the plight of the small oil well op
erators and the threat of no gaso
line or fuel oil for civilian con
sumption this winter. This bill
would order him to advance the
price of crude oil by forty cents
a barrel, which would mean only
a half cent pe?,.gallon increase in
gasoline to the consumer. I feel
that the consumer would much
rather pay that increase and have
gasoline and fuel oil than not to
have it, no matter how cheap the
quoted price.
Recent visitors from the Dis
trict were the following: Mrs. B.
T. Resler of Chadon, Miss Jan
nette Dutton of Oshkosh, Mrs. Jo
Anna Hall Appleton of Bridge
port, Earl H. Monahan of Hyan
nis, Mrs. D. T. Heynen, Miss Dor
othy Heynen and Mrs. Amy K.
Cardoni of Kimball, and Tom C.
Allington of Sunol.
members drove to Chambers on
Tuesday where eight new mem
bers were initiated into the first
degree of the lodge.
Cpl. Charles Worth left Wed
nesday night for Moore Field,
Texas, after spending a fifteen
day furlough here with his par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Bob Worth
and family and other relatives and
Pfc. Pete Donohoe ar-ived
Monday from Fort Ord, Calif., to
visit his mother and other rela
tives and friends.
Lt. Neil Brennan left last Sat
urday for Fort Knox, Ky., after
visiting his mother, Mrs. F. M.
Brennan and other relatives and
friends. Mrs. Brennan accom
panied her son as far as Chicago,
where she wiJJ^visit Mr. and Mrs.
E. A. Doyle and other relatives
and friends.
Pfc. Leonard Hamilton, U. S.
M, C„ has been given a medical
discharge and arrived home last
Sunday from Balboa Hospital,
San Diego, Calif. He is the son
of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Hamilton
of this city.
Mr. and Mrs. Dick Tomlinson
returned home last Friday from
North Platte, where they visited
relatives and friends.
Joseph Weibel, one of the old
time settlers of the country south
of Ewing, was an O’Neill visitor
Monday and made this office a
pleasant call, extending his sub
scription to January 1, 1945. Joe
set a fine example and we hope
that more of our readers will
emulate his example and visit the
cashier’s desk.
Miss Margaret Howard, Mrs.
Ena Fox and Miss Dorothy Lar
son left Thursday for Norfolk to
attend the Northeastern Nebras
ka Assistance meeting.
ABOVE—The latest thing in transport trucks,
one with special jacknife power hoist that loads
the latest thing in transport planes, a huge C-46
Curtis Commando. The truck platform can be
raised or lowered to facilitate loading at dif
ferent heights.
CENTER—The main cargo compartment of the
Commando is shown here carrying a reconnais
sance car, an anti-tank gun and a dozen or more
troops. Total cargo capacity is greater than
that of a standard 36-foot freight car.
BELOW—American Airlines tank truck refuels
a Commando preparatory to a cross-country
flight. Trucks like this are found at most of
the nation’s airports.
W. J. Froelich left Sunday for
Chicago, after spending several
days here visiting his wife and
family. Mrs. Froelich and Mrs.
Edward Campbell accompanied
him to Chicago, where they will
visit for ten days.
Miss Bonnie Reimers spent
Sunday in Inman visiting her
parents, Mr. and' Mrs. J. H. Reim
Miss Margaret Jordan went to
Butte on Sunday to visit her par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. M. V. Jordan,
Pvt. Maurice Cavanaugh, Jr.,
of Cafnp Stone, Cal., arrived home
Sunday to visit his parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Maurice Cavanaugh and
other relatives and friends.
Ray Bosn left Wednesday for
Lincoln to attend the graduation
exercises at St. Elizabeth’s School
of nursing. His sister, Dorothy,
is a member of the graduating
Mrs. F. N. Cronin entertained
the Martez Club at a 7:00 o’clock
dinner at the M. and M. Tuesday
evening, followed by cards at her
home. Mrs. C. F. McKenna, Mrs.
C. E. Stout and Mrs. F. N. Cron
in won high scores.
Pfc. John Gallagher, of Camp
White, Oregon, arrived home
Monday to visit his parents and
other relatives and friends.
Miss Della Hagensick returned
Monday from Denver, Col., where
she had been attending business
Miss Shelia Barrett entertained
members of the 4-H Club at her
home Monday evening. The even
ing was spent informally.
Mrs. Mattie Soukup went to
Omaha on Sunday to visit Mr. and
Mrs. Bernard Matthews and
daughter, Madge, for several
Mrs. John Fox returned Mon
day from Boston, Mass., where she
had been with her husband, Pvt.
John Fox, who was stationed
there. He left recently for duty
Mrs. J. H. Hursh of Superior is
spending the winter here with her
son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and
Mrs. O. M. Herre.
Mr. and Mrs. Gus DeBacker
went to Omaha last Friday to
attend the funeral of Mrs. De
Backer’s aunt, Mrs. P. H. Mathews
who died at her home in Omaha
on Wednesday evening. Mrs.
Mathews was 83 years of age at
the time of her death. She was
the mother of Mrs. James A.
Brown, for many years a resident
of this city, but norw of Omaha,
and Mrs. Mathews visited in this
city many tmes while her daugh
ter resided here and she has also
visited Mr. and Mrs. DeBacker,
since they have been residents
of this city. The family were
residents of Albion for many
years, moving to Omaha about
Money to Loan
Central Finance Co.
C. E. Jones. Manager
For Best Results
and satisfactory returns,
bring your livestock
to the
O’Neill Livestock Com. Co.
Phone 2 O’Neill, Nebraska
We Sell Every Monday
Having bought out the O’Neill Livestock Sales Barn, I will
sell all my ranch equipment to the highest bidder at the ranch,
3 miles west of Danceland and 12 miles north of O’Neill, on
Tuesday, Nov. 23
Starting At 1:00 P. M. Lunch On Grounds
20 Head of Horses
One team of black mares, 6 years old, wt. 3000; 1 team of
black mares, smooth mouth, wt. 3000; 1 roan mare, 4 years
old, wt. 1400; 1 black mare, 4 years old, wt. 1400; 1 black
mare, 3 years old, wt. 1400; 1 gelding, 3 years old, wt. 1400;
I 3-year old gelding, wt. 1400; 1 2-year old gelding; 1 3-year
old bay pony mare; 1 3-year old running mare; 1 team of
'"‘‘res, £ornm6 2 years old; 4 yearling mares; 1 fine spotted
saddle horse, 4 years old; 1 coming 4-year-0ld Percheron
stallion, good. All mares bred to this stallion.
Two sets of harness; 8 collars; a good stock saddle; bridles.
8 Dozen Leghorn Hens — bring chicken crates.
50 Tons of Hay, and Winter Range.
75 Bushels Wheat. Ton of Crushed Rock Salt
Two good wide-tire wagons, like new; 1 mower; 1 rake, like
new; 1 disc; 1 harrow; 1 hay rack, 10x18 feet, good; woven
wire, barbed wire, and several hundred posts; 1 riding plow;
2 anvils; 1 bench drill; lot of good lumber; lot of broken up
lumber; some wood; garden cultivator, and all kinds of other
tools; 1 complete set of blacksmith tools; 1 narrow-tire wagon,
like new; several feed bunks. One good Shepherd dog,
CASH, or see your banker before the sale. No property to
be removed until settled for.
ED HALL, Owner
Auctioneers: Coleman, Moore & Moses
O’Neill National Bank, Clerk