The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, June 10, 1943, Image 2

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Hardest Fighting Still to Come: Byrnes;
Chinese Forces Rout Foe on Yangtze
As Japs Drive Toward War Capital;
Allied Airmen Pound Italian Objectives
(EDITOR'S NOTE: When epInlNt nee repressed In these eelamn*. they are those sf
Western Newspaper Cnloa's news analysts and net necessarily el this newspaper.)
i Released by Western Newspaper Union. , ,
Bringing back first-hand knowledge of Axis military technique gained
from his observations on the North African front, Lieut. Gen. Lesley
McNair (left), commander of ground forces, is greeted on his arrival at
third army headquarters by Lieut. Gen. Courtney Hodges (center) and
Maj. Gen. Wade H. Haislip. Lieutenant General McNair was wounded
while on his inspection trip through the battle area.
Reports to Nation
The 100,000th war plane rolled off
the assembly line as the newly ap
pointed War Mobilization Director
James F. Byrnes spoke to the na
"We have at length caught up with
the Axis in our preparations and
are forging rapidly ahead," he said.
“We have a long, hard road ahead.
The hardest fighting is yet to come.
Now we must not only keep up our
production but we must assume a
major part in the all-out military
operations of the enemy."
Recounting America’s tremendous
production achievements, Byrnes re
vealed that the U. S. turned out 100
fighting ships in the first five months
this year; more than 1,000 cargo ves
sels were built during the 12 months
ending May 31; 100,000 pieces of anti
aircraft cannon have been produced
and 1,500.000 machine guns and sub
machine guns manufactured.
By April 1, Byrnes said, the U. S.
will have spent 10 billion dollars in
buying land and building camps and
air fields in this country. Referring
to his new position, he declared that
he would seek to bring unity among
the government agencies entrusted
with carrying out the war programs,
saying their teamwork was as nec
essary as that of the soldiers.
To Cut Deferments
Only 1*4 million men will be de
ferred in industry by the end of this
year, Paul V. McNutt, chairman of
the War Manpower commission, de
During the year, McNutt said,
8,000.000 physically fit men. includ
ing fathers, will form the pool from
which 2,700,000 must be inducted to
round out the goal of 11,000.000 for
the armed services.
Of the number, McNutt continued.
900,000 will be deferred for farm
work, 900,000 will be exempted for
dependency, and 1,500,000 will be de
ferred for industrial work.
McNutt urged employers to pre
pare for replacement of the 3 million
men now deferred in industry, in
cluding fathers, whose general in
duction around August 1 recently
was predicted by Selective Service
Director Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Her
Simple Priority Needed
By merely filling out a form drawn
up by himself or his retailer, a farm
er will be able to obtain priorities
on 176 types of supplies. Individual
purchases, however, will be limited
to $25.
The form must simply read: "I
certify to the War Production board
that 1 am a farmer and that the
supplies covered by this order are
needed now and will be used for the
operation of a farm."
To facilitate its ruling, the WPB
ordered manufacturers to get the
supplies into retailers' hands.
Among the scarce items are bat
teries, chains, cold chisels, pitch
forks, hoes, harness leather, galva
nized pails, pipes, horsecollars,
pliers, ropes, shovels, barbed wire
and bale wire, wrenches, tabs and
poultry netting.
WPB also Is seeking to speed up
output of axes, boxes, feedtroughs,
egg cases, sprayers, hand cultiva
tors, milk pails, wagon hardware
and plowshares.
Rout Japs
Five Japanese divisions of 75,000
men were routed as Chinese troops
counterattacked along the Yangtze
river. Even as the enemy was thrown
back, American bombers and Chi
nese* fighters swooped on the Jap
air base of Ichang, and 10 tons of
explosives were dropped.
The Jap rout came after they had
thrust south toward the Yangtze in
their drive to the Chinese provision
al capital of Chungking, 295 miles
to the east. According to the Allied
communique, the Chinese armies de
veloped an encircling movement, cut
off the Japanese line of retreat, and
then chopped up the entrapped units.
Besides raiding Ichang, Allied air
men were active over other sectors
of China. Jap warehouses and rail
road yards were blasted at Foochow.
Post-War Committee
So that the next Republican na
tional convention might have the
basis for drawing up an appropriate
platform dealing with the part
America should play in the post-war
world’s reconstruction, 49 prominent
members of the GOP were named
to serve on a special committee to
study the question.
Announced by National Chairman
Harrison Spangler, the committee
consists of 5 senators, 12 congress
men. 24 governors and 8 party offi
According to Spangler, it will be
the duty of the committee to chart
a program embracing the extent to
which this country should commit
itself toward co-operating in main
taining world peace. Of equal im
portance. Spangler said, will be the
committee’s task of mapping a
course for our own domestic re
“We must plan for a free and
prosperous agriculture; labor con
ditions which will insure labor its
just share; and conditions which will
permit industry to expand, grow, de
velop and produce the things which
will add to our standard of living,”
Spangler declared.
Softened Up
Harbors, shipping and airdromes
were left in flames as Allied airmen
flew in from the east and west and
pounded both ends of Italy.
Heavily hit were the port facili
ties of Naples, on Italy's western
shoreline. To the east, the air base
at Foggia was raided, with ground
ed planes, a gasoline dump and bar
racks offering the target.
In all, 150 Flying Fortresses and
Liberators participated in the as
saults. Despite the fact that fierce
fighter opposition was encountered
over Naples, the Allies reported no
Meanwhile, other units of the
North African air force continued to
pound Sardinia, which sprawls in the
Tyrrhenian sea west of Italy, and
Pantelleria. the tiny island south of
Sicily, where the Axis has devel
oped underground hangars.
The Allies announced the loss of
but one Lightning in these raids Al
though admitting heavy damage
from Allied raids, the Italians
claimed to have shot down 57 British
and American bombers over Pan
telleria since May 1.
HIGHLIGHTS • • • *n Ifce week’i neun
CHURCH: Wendell Willkie called
upon churches to measure the pub
lic actions of politicians according
to the yardstick of their own teach
• • •
PRICES: Farm prices gained 2
points between April 15 and May 15.
Advances in feed crops, fruits, po
tatoes and poultry offset drops in
milk, meat and truck produce.
STOCKS: Trading on the Chicago
Stock Exchange dipped to its lowest
volume in 22 years during the fiscal
year ended April 30. There were
295 memberships outstanding.
• • »
FIGHTER: Survivor of one jungle
crash. 2nd-Lieut. Tommy Harmon,
ex All-American from Michigan, re
cently arrived in North Africa for
duty as a fighter-plane pilot
Nazis Claim Strength
Claiming 'that waves of dive-bomb
er* and fighter planes had leveled
the Russian base of Krimskaya and
extended operations beyond in the
Caucasus, the Naiis boasted of re
establishing their air superiority
over their embattled bridgehead at
Even so, Russian pressure contin
ued against the Nazis’ only foothold
in the Caucasus, with the Reds de
veloping another threat to Novoros
sisk by landing troops on the shores
of the Taman peninsula to the Ger
mans’ rear.
Minor action flared on other sec
tions of the Russian front South of
Leningrad, the Reds reported de
stroying a network of pill-boxes and
dugouts. while shooting up a ireight
train. Before Smolensk, artillery fire
was said to have wiped out two
enemy companies.
Labor Crisis
America’s wartime labor situation
moved toward a crisis with the
walkout of approximately 450,000
miners after a 30-day truce had
failed to end in a new contract. Sec
retary of the Interior Harold Ickes.
nominally the operator of the mines
after the government had taken
them over during the first strike
threat, flayed both sides for the dis
ruption of work.
As a basis for compromise, the
UMW had suggested a settlement of
the entire wage question by pay
ment of $1.50 per day as a solution
of the portal-to-portal question, or
compensation for the time miners
spend traveling to and from their
coal faces above and underground.
The $1.50 payment would be tem
porary until a mixed committee had
worked out a final settlement of the |
The operators proposed portal-to
portal pay of 80 cents a day as a
basis for discussion. The bone of
contention entered into the issue of
payment of overtime for 35 hours,
which was a condition of the miners'
last contract.
At Long Last
The house took the first step in the
passage of its conference commit
tee's pay-as-you-go legislation.
One hundred and sixty-seven Re
publicans joined with 89 Democrats
in approving the bill, which for
gives all of one year's taxes of $50
and allows for a reduction of 75 per
cent on the remainder over $50.
The legislation also provides for a
20 per cent tax, after exemptions on
all salaries or wages. Persons ob
taining incomes from other sources,
like farmers, must estimate their
yearly earnings and then pay off
the liability on a quarterly basis.
Persons who are left with a 25
per cent tax after the 75 per cent
forgiveness must pay off the re
mainder in two annual installments,
due in 1944 and 1945. In all, the
government hopes to recapture three
billion dollars under the proposed
One Red Point
With canned milk production oft
25 per cent from last year's output
of 75 million cans, and with the gov
ernment purchasing half of the sup
ply. the Office of Price Administra
tion placed condensed and evaporat
ed milk on the rationed list.
Under the regulations. 14 V4 ounce
cans, or several cans totaling 14
ounces or less, now are worth one
red point. The 14H ounce can is the
sire popularly bought for infants,
and the payment of one red point
from their ration book, of course,
will not be felt as severely as by
adults, whose purchase will reduce
their quota of stamps for meat,
cheese and fats.
Officials estimate that the average
adult needs three or four pounds—
three or four points worth—of
canned milk a week, if fresh milk
isn't used.
Kiska IS ext?
Facing the west. Japanese soldiers
bowed in hallowed respect of their
emperor, then with a wild cry
launched a final, suicidal counterat
tack against American troops on
Attu island.
Mowed down by American fire, the
attack collapsed, and the last organ
ized enemy resistance on this west
ernmost of the Aleutian islands
came to an end. some 20 days after
the first American troops stole
ashore under the protective cover of
U. S. naval units.
Conquest of Attu turned eyes to
Kiska. main Jap base in the Aleu
tians. isolated by the U. S. victory.
Operating from Amchitka. American
airmen continued to hammer the
Japanese airplane, harbor and camp
installations at the base. Approxi
mately 10,000 enemy trooDg are sup
posed to be stationed on Kiska.
Interned and disarmed at Alex
andria, Egypt, since June of 1940,
nine French warships will be re
turned to service in the Allied ranks
within six months.
Among the vessels are the 22,000
ton battleship Lorraine, with eight
13.4-inch guns; the 10.000-ton heavy
cruisers Duquesne, Tourville and
Suffren. with eight 8-inch guns; the
7.249-ton cruiser Trouin, with eight
6.1-inch guns; three destroyers with
four 4.1-inch guns, and the 1,384-ton
submarine, Protee.
Army's Greatest Hazard?
It's Question of Morale
Armed Services Do Everything Possible to
Protect Mental Health of Servicemen;
Parents Advised to Cooperate.
'«i Attaint and Commentator.
WNC Service, Talon Trust Building,
Washington D. C.
What’s the greatest hazard your
boy must meet when he joins the
army? Not the weapon of the en
emy. We know only a very tiny
percentage of those who don the uni
form succumb to that.
It’s the mental hazard.
Take it from a man who met it
and who, since, has read the alarm
ing figures which show the war’s
(any war’s) mental casualties.
And to meet that mental hazard
you need just one thing—mental
Let me quote a few words on the
subject of morale from one of the
books which the army and the navy
and the wise ones in other profes
sions say is a wonderful protection
for the mental health of the boy who
joins the army.
That book is paper bound. It costs
35 cents. It is called “Our Armed
Forces.” It has a lot of pictures in
it and a lot of sound sense. It is
printed by the presses of the In
fantry Journal. 1115 17th street,
Washington, D. C. It is not sold for
And here is what it says on the
subject of morale. 1 As I say on the
air, “I'm quoting”):
“Morale is an important quality
of citizenship in the crises of peace,
when the internal security of the na
tion is threatened. It is even more
important in war, when the very ex
istence of the nation hangs in the
balance. It is, therefore, an objec
tive of army and navy leadership to
build a high degree of morale in the
soldier and sailor.
About Habit*
"The state of mind we call morale
has its roots in long-established hab
its of thinking and acting. A student
seated alone in his room, bent se
riously over his bocks, may be tack
ling his studies with a high degree
of morale. He believes what he is
doing is worth while. He is deter
mined to overcome whatever diffi
culties the subject matter offers. He
works with a seif urge. He gives up
the picture show and the ball game
if doing so is necessary for success.
He has confidence in his ability to
acquire the knowledge and skill he
is seeking. In the undertaking of
hundreds of similar duties in the
ordinary routine of living is created
the intangible virtue called morale.
The young man who enters the
armed services may therefore bring
with him the basis for the morale
upon which his success as a soldier
and the ultimate victory of our na
tion so greatly depend.
"While morale has its roots in the
character of the individual and his
past experience, it may be greatly
strengthened by association and
close co-operation with others who
are engaged in the same enterprise.
Morale is contagious. It is a qual
ity easily transmitted from one per
son to another. The serviceman re
ceives his uniform. It is the symbol
of his dedication. With it he be
comes part of the great tradition.
Behind him into history is a long
line of those who have been so dedi
cated. The men who walked bare
foot in the snow at Valley Forge.
The Green Mountain boys with
Ethan Allen, thundering at the gates
of Ticonderoga. Calm men in the
gun turrets at Manila Bay. Marines
at Guadalcanal . . Chateau Thier
ry .. . Tripoli. Helmeted fliers of
a torpedo squadron at Midway.
Through the procession of heroes,
still bright as it recedes into dis
tant time, has been handed down the
great tradition.”
Now when Johnny Doughboy joins
up. he changes his habits of life as
much as Christopher Columbus
would have to change his if he came
back and took a job managing a big.
modem corporation, or riding herd
on a bunch of long-horns or bossing
a section gang It would be tough
for Chris to adapt himself to his
environment. If he couldn't manage
it he would probably go haywire
and blow his top. The dinosaur and
some of his follow prehistorics who
couldn't adjust themselves to their
environment retired permanently to
positions in museums. Man, some
men that is. adjusted. They took
: the ice age. the floods and the fam
j ine in their stride and here they
are oh-ing and ah-ing at the dead
mastodons who weren't as smart at
“fitting m”—that’s aD morale is.
“fitting in,” getting on when you.
who have sat down to your meals
three times a day as regularly as
the clock, miss the chow wagon; you
who have had a kind and solicitous
mother or teacher looking after your
private troubles are suddenly faced
with sharing the troubles of your
squad or company or squadron.
Now, how are you going to adjust
yourself to this sudden change?
In the first place, you have to un
derstand why everything seems
topsy-turvy. Why you. a free-born
American citizen, who did as he
pleased when and how it pleased
him. suddenly have to get up by a
bugle, keep step, salute, eat, sleep,
drink, walk. run. crawl when some
body else says so.
The first thing you have to realize
is the purpose ahead. The next
thing is why other people whom you
never se» insist on achieving that
purpose tK*> way they do. regardless
of your convenience or your date at
the post office.
Your Own Order*
“Your government controls Use
armed forces.” That means that the
men your folks elected, just the way
it was planned by the makers of
America, are really the ones who
are telling you what to do. Which
means, if you follow through, that
you yourself and your folks are tell
ing you.
I chose that phrase because it
heads chapter two in this book “Our
Armed Forces” I’m talking about.
You had better read it.
The next chapter is called “Your
Army.” And you had better read
that too because it tells you some
thing of what to expect. I w’on’t go
any further and really I ought to
have been talking all this time to
parents, too, for they, of all people,
ought to know what the boy is up
against What it is all about One
of the great tragedies of being a
soldier is the way the folks back
home don't understand it at all. They
think their job is to feel sorry for
you; they don’t understand what
an extra stripe really means, tney
can't get you when you talk about
home and the things you want to
hear about and they write and tell
you how noble you are. You don’t
feel noble. You want to know if
the bam has been painted or if your
girl has been around lately. You
would, though, like them to have
some faint idea about this not-alto
gether unpleasant job of being a sol
dier. That’s why it would be a good
thing if your folks would read this
Broadcaster’s Diary
As I came to work this morning—
a little late and right in the midst
of the crowds of war workers surg
ing down to their offices, I was sud- )
denly struck with the fact that this
change in Washington which 1 have
become used to is typical of other
changes that are going to take place
all over America.
I was walking down 16th street.
That sounds prosaic but it used to be
a street of beautiful mansions, many
of them historic. It sweeps out of
the Maryland countryside, down a
hill and up another crest from which
you can look down, through a vista
of ancient trees to the blur at the
end which is the White House with
the statue of General Jackson on his
rearing horse silhouetted against it
This morning, as I say. the work
ers were swarming out of the houses
—they are boarding houses now—to
work. I glanced up as I passed one
sedate old home, the wistaria still
decorously draped over the doorway
up whose curving drive once the
carriage and later the limousine
swept to meet milady descending.
I peeped, indecorously, through
the beautiful leaded windows of the
dining room. It was filled with little
tables, the cloths stained with pre
cious but too hurriedly imbibed
morning coffee.
I thought a moment. How will
Delaware avenue and Locust street
and High street look after the war?
Those neatly cropped lawns, even
an iron deer or two if they haven't
gone into the scrap collection cam
Sic transit gloria—but perhaps the
past glory will be replaced by some
thing more glorious. We can hope.
B R I E F S . . . by Baukhage
In Washington there is a share- |
| the-taxicab system. The driver i
takes as many people as he can go- j
ing in the same direction. It used to i
be called the ••pick-up” system. The
name changed but not the practice.
It's still a great date-maker.
• • •
The Victory gardeners who have
suffered from "infiltration" call the
jack rabbits “jap rabbits."
A black market potato truck was
photographed by a news photogra
pher in front of a fire house in
Washington Spud-leggers fear noth
• • •
In the District of Columbia, it’s il
legal to take a drink of liquor stand
ing up. Some people who take it sit
ting down can’t stand up afterward
to tfr*
■ '
Rag*: B. Whitman—WNV Feature*.
Tm way mi be able U reytace were
er brake* baacchal* cqciyrartri This I*
w»i. Gamurat priarities i»*a brat.
Sa take care af arkat y a* baea ... as
well as ya* passible caa. This eatsm
by the bawsvaer'i fries* ten* y*a baw.
Applying Varnish
Question: In spite of all the dili
gent trials, it has been impossible
for me to master how to apply var
nish over stained wood without
shewing infinite little bubbles as big
as pin beads. The surface was
cleaned and stained properly. What
kind of precipitate are these spots?
I would go to any limit in order to
learn bow to varnish.
Answer: To get good results in
varnishing, the room in which the
work is done should be free of dust
and the temperature not less than
70 degrees. The brush should be of
a good quality and a kind intended
for varnish. Do not shake the can
of varnish; this is one of the causes
of air bubbles in the finish. Pour
enough varnish into another can to
last a half hour or so. The brush
should not be dipped into the var
nish more than one-half the length
of the bristles. Do not wipe ofT sur
plus on the edge of the can, but
throw it off. Varnish should be ap
plied in straight strokes in one di
rection and with the grain. After
applying the brush full of varnish,
go over the same area with the
empty brush to carry the varnish
forward and to spread it into a thin
coat “Slapping" the brush against
the surface may also cause air bub
bles to form on the surface.
Fixing a leaky faucet by ttae sim
ple process of putting a new washer
in the offending tap. This phase of
the art of plumbing can be per
formed very handily by any woman
who sets her mind to it.
Metal Window Sill
Question: WTiat should be done to
the paint on a metal window sill that
peels every year?
Answer: Remove the paint down
to the bare metal. Rub down well
with sandpaper, then wipe with tur
pentine. Apply a prime coat of good
quality red lead paint and allow it
to dry for at least a week. Finish
with a coat of enamel undercoater,
then with a coat of top quality
quick-drying enamel. These paints
should come from the same manu
Leak in a Boiler
Question: I have a hot water heat
ing plant about seven years old. Last I
year I had an oil burner installed j
and it operated satisfactorily all win
ter until recently. A small leak has
now developed on the side of the
boiler near the bottom. Can this be
welded or braized?
Answer: Yes, it can be welded
Or you may be able to repair the
leak with iron cement. Your local
hardware dealer should be able to
supply you with the proper grade.
Moth Killing
Question: I have a fur coat, so
badly damaged by moths that it is
not worth repairing. I should like
to use it as a laprobe in my car,
but am afraid the moths will get
into the upholstery. What could
I do to the coat to make this im
Answer: Having it dry cleaned
will kill all life in the coat. The
treatment should be repeated later
in the spring before putting the coat
Scratches in Glass
Question: How can I remove
slight scratches from a glass sur
Answer: The work can only be
done by dealers in plate glass and
mirrors, who have the machinery
for this type of work.
Shelf Hangers
Question: How can I hang shelves
on concrete cellar walls?
Answer: At a hardware store you
can get appliances for that purpose;
plugs to drive into holes, and other
Just as we are congratulating our
selves that knowledge of cancer waa
making great headway not only In
America but throughout the world, it
Or. Barton
comes as a st.ock
cancer authorities
state that ‘the pwb
lic education on the
cancer problem Is
inadequate and in
effective." We have
naturally been think
ing that as more
people now live to
the cancer age. this
is the cause of the
increase of cancer,
which is true to a
great extent. How
ever, that more could and should be
done, in fact is absolutely neces
sary. if we are to reduce the cancer
death rate, is more knowledge at
cancer. Thus the slogan "Fight Can
cer with Knowledge” is timely.
That knowledge of cancer is great
ly needed is the statement in the
Journal of the American Medical
Association, by Drs. Charles R.
Harms, Jules A. Plant and Ashley
W. Cughterson, New Haven. Conn.
In the study of the causes of delay
in obtaining treatment by 155 pa
tients, it was found that only about
one-fourth of the patients had read
about cancer and that all but two
of these had obtained their informa
tion from newspapers and popular
magazines. Only two admitted read
ing public health pamphlets.
“Delay in the diagnosis and treat
ment of cancer is one of the most
important factors in the failure to
obtain results by the methods now
available—radium. X-rays and sur
What is considered delay insofar
as the patient and physician are
This depends to some extent on
location of the cancer, as a cancer
on the skin or where it can be seen
easily will not take as long to recog
nize as cancer inside the body.
Delay by the patient This con
sists in having persistent symptoms
for one month or longer before con
sulting a physician.
Delay by the physician. This con
sists in the waiting for any period
longer than three weeks after the
patient is first seen during which a
diagnosis may be announced or a
consultation with another physician
or cancer specialist requested.
• • •
Salt Reduction Aid
In Meniere's Disease
A recent valuable discovery is
that most cases of Meniere's dis
ease—hard of hearing, head noises,
dizziness, nausea and vomiting—are
due to “waterlogging” or swelling
of a part of the hearing system. By
cutting down on liquids and salty
foods most of these cases obtain re
lief from these symptoms.
Just what causes this swelling or
waterlogging in the ear is not defi
nitely known. Dr. W. E. Grove,
Milwaukee, in Annals of Ear, Nose
and Throat, suggests that the swell
ing may be due to allergy—sensi
tiveness to foods or other substances
—just as swelling occurs in other tis
sues due to allergy. Swelling may
also be due to lack of certain vita
mins in the food, or to the lack of a
sufficient amount of some gland ex
tract in the system.
It is fortunate that while the search
for the cause of these symptoms con
tinues. so much relief can be ob
tained by the medical treatment by
histamine and by avoiding foods
rich in salt.
Foods to avoid because they con
tain too much salt are: salted but
ter, ordinary bread, crackers, eggs,
milk, spinach, carrots, oatmeal and
all corned, pickled, smoked or salt
ed foods.
Foods that can be eaten because
they contain very little salt are:
apples, asparagus, cabbage, Brus
sels sprouts, lettuce, grapes, or
anges, lemons, sugar, jelly, unsalt
ed butter and unsalted bread.
There are of course some cases
where the histamine and food treat
ment gives little or no relief What
can be done for these cases because
the symptoms are distressing and
Surgery is now used where medi
cal and diet treatment fail, or for
those who for economic or other
reasons cannot be kept on a super
vised treatment for a long time and
for patients whose occupation inter
feres with obtaining benefit from
medical or diet treatment because of
carelessness in following a pre
scribed routine
• • •
Q —I have two spots on my face.
I would like to know bow to cure
A.—I’m sorry, but I try not to pre
scribe for individual ailments. One
visit to a skin specialist will tell
what ailment is and treatment for it,
Q —On your reducing diet which
appears from time to time, how
much is meant by one pat of butter?
A.—A pat usually means 1 inch by
one inch by one-quarter inch—100
j calories.