The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, June 03, 1943, Image 1

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    The Frontier
Order Restoration Of
Emmet Station Agent
“The state railway commission
Saturday ordered the Northwest
ern railroad to restore its agency
at Emmet, although the supreme
court recently overruled a com
mission refusal to substitute a
custodian for an agent.
“The order was approved oy
Commissioners Ray Larson and
John Knickrhem. Duane Swan
son dissented.
“Guy Cole, an Emmet shipper,
complained service at Emmet is
inferior and after a hearing the
commission ordered an agent be
placed there. The court had sug
gested that should custodian serv
ice be insufficient, a new hearing
should be held.”—State Journal.
The case of Guy Cole and oth
ers against the C. & N. W. rail
way company was heard by Com
missioner Larson of the State
Railway Commission at a hear
ing in the court house here on
April 8. At the hearing about 35
farmers and businessmen of Em
et and vicinity were in attend
ance at the meeting, and by their
attendance showed very clearly
that they wanted the Emmet sta
tion of the Northwestern kept go
ing as an asset of the town instead
of a liability, and evidently con
vinced the commission that it
should be retained. The company
may appeal from the decision.
Distinguished Flying
Cross To O’Neill Native
The Los Angeles Times, in its
issue of May 26th, carried a story
about the awards given two offi
cers and six enlisted men for
heroism in action. Among those
listed was Corporal Edward Stein,
of North Hollywood, Calif., son of
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Stein, for
merly of this city. Edward was
given the Distinguished Flying
Cross for unusual achievement in
New Guinea.
Edward was born and grew to
manhood in O’Neill and prior to
the removal of the family to Cali
fornia he was an employee of the
O’Neill Photo Company. He has
many friends in the “old home
town” who extend congratulatons
and best wishes to him during
his army career. He is a radio
expert. , ,
, Edward has two brothers also
in the armed services of their
country. They are John Stein,
who graduated from the U. S.
Naval Training Station, College
Station. Texas, a short time ago
and is how an RM 3-c Navy op
Pfc. Romain Stein is in the
Marine Truck Division and seen
action in Guadalcanal, and lots of
it All three boys are natives of
O’Neill and the best wishes of a
host of friends here are extended
to each of the boys from the res
idents of “the old home town.
Trained Workers Are
Needed To Win War
Your government has opened
training facilities for young men
and women, between the ages of
16 to 25, married or single, and
who are out of school, for jobs in
vital war industries. The demand
for skilled workers now far ex
ceeds the supply. Immediate
placement opportunities are avail
able for all youth who success
fully complete their war produc
tion training courses authorized
by the War Manpower Commis
sion. . .
Your government is offering
you the chance, at no cost to you,
to learn a skilled trade and fur
ther the war effort, by working in
a war production job. There are
several training centers located
throughout the state in which you
can take training in the follow
ing fields of defense employment:
Welding, sheet metal, machinist,
radio, aircraft, aircraft electricity,
mechanical drafting, and indus
trial sewing. The training centers
*re located in Kearney, Lincoln,
Omaha and Bellevue, Nebraska.
It takes about six to 26 weeks
for you to complete your training.
At the center you receive your
training while actually producing
items for the Army and other war
agencies. You receive your board,
room, laundry, uniforms, medical
care and training at no cost to
you. In addition to this you re
ceive a monthly salary, which
provides for personal expenses,
for the time spent on production,
i You who live at home, or do not
! live at the training center, and
I are assigned to the shops receive
a larger salary in addition to their
training and medical care.
During the last six months ap
proximately 800 Nebraska train
ees have secured employment
paying from 45 cents to $1.45 an
(hour in vital war industries fol
lowing their training. Interested
persons may obtain further info*1"
mation by writing to Bennie W.
Kay, Youth Personnel Field Rep.,
620 Logan St., Wayne, Nebr.
About 500 thousand coal miners
are on strike over the coal pro
ducing areas of the country and
practically all mines are closed.
And still John L. Lewis continues
to defy the officials of the govern
ment that he swore to uphold
when he becam.•* a citizen of the
United States. It is about time
<*tfor action.
Holt County Boys To Be
Inducted This Month
Following is the list of Holt
county boys who will be inducted
into the armed forces in June:
Bernard Lowayne Madison
Sidney Virgil Wilkinson
Joe Anthony Grutsch
Donovan Madison Henifin
Robert Edmund Miles
Darly LeRoy Banks
Keith Edward Vincent
James Junior Yocum
Dale Albert LaSart
Ronald Preston Huebert
William Earl O’Brien
Francis Blain Huston
Edward Raymond Jorden
Kenneth Loyd Coover
Richard Lee Asher
Bernard Edward Bolin
Melvin Dean Kemper
Norman Francis Tegeler
Orla Wendell Northrop
Robert Alious Ramm
Melvin Bernard Kohlschmidt
Wilbur Gene Jackson
Harold LeRoy Bartlett
Michael Peter Schaaf
Henry Kramer
Leo Claude Penry
Floyd George Spindler
Harold James Frohman
Verne Arvin Northrop
Richard Clark Young
James William Cannon
Harold Vincent Eppenbach
Ferdinand John Hupp
William Larson Lofquest
Wayne Henry Rowse
Darrel Dean Schipman
Irvin Edwin Forbes
William Howell Rees
Thomas Richard Watson
Richard Mouris Faulhaber
Garold James Wrede
Good Active Market On
Livestock Monday
A very large crowd was in at
tendance at the Memorial Day
exercises held in this city last
Sunday in the high school audi
A parade, headed by the O’Neill
High School band of ninety
pieces, formed at Sixth street and
marched down to Second, then
south to Everett, then north on
Fourth to the auditorium. Fol
lowing the band were members
of the American Legion.
At the auditorium a splendid
program was rendered, which in
cluded a splendid talk by Wiliam
J. Froelich. At the conclusion of
the exercises at the auditorium
they marched to the cemetery,
where the graves of the departed
soldiers were decorated and taps
Mrs. Barbara Winkler
Mrs. Barbara Winkler died at
thd farm home of her son, Joseph
F.. northeast of Emmet this morn
ing at 10:30 o’clock, after an ill
ness of about six months, at the
age of 80 years, 11 months and
16 days. The funjeral wlill be
held from the Catholic church
in Emmet on Saturday morning,
June 5, 1943, at 10 a. m., Father
Kovar officiating and burial in
Calvary cemetery in this city at
the side of her husband, who pass
ed away in August, 1917.
Barbara Spatz was born in Bo
hemia on June 17, 1862. When a
young girl she came to the United
States and the family located in
Butler county, Nebr. On Febru
ary 18, 1884, she was united in
marriage to Joseph Winkler, the
marriage being performed at Bru
no. Nebr., and shortly thereafter
they moved to Holt county and lo
cated northeast of Emmet. Five
children were born of this union,
four of whom survive. The child
ren are: Joseph F., Emmet; Henry
and Casper, Atkinson, and Paul,
of Clarion, Penn. She is also sur
vived by 17 grandchildren, two
great grandchildren and one
brother, besides a host of friends.
Mrs. Winkler was one of the
pioneer settlers of the country
northwest of O’Neill. When they
came here in 1884, 59 years ago
this spring, there were not many
settlers in that part of the county,
but it filled up rapidly within the
next few years. As a pioneer she
endured many of the hardships
of the pioneer of any country, but
persevered* and during the past
few years had enjoyed life in Em
met. She was a charming lady
and she will be missed by many
in that neighborhood, outside of
her immediate family.
The Weather
The county was visited by nice
rains last Saturday and Sunday
night. While the rainfall in this
city was only .61 of an inch, the
rain was much heavier over the
rest of the county, ranging from
lxk to 2Vz inches, and was quite
High Low
May 28- 84 51
May 29 -93 65
May 30 - 94 64
May 31_82 58
June 1 -85 55
June 2 -84 62
June 3-75 53
Precipitation .61.
Frank J. Connolly
Frank J. Connolly died at the
home of his brother, P. J., in this
city last Sunday afternoon at 2:30
o’clock, after an illness of about
ten days of heart trouble, at the
age of 61 years, one month and
five days. The funeral was held
last Wednesday morning from the
Catholic church in this city, Rev,
Father Brick officiating, and bur
ial in Calvary cemetery.
Frank J. Connolly was born on
a farm a half mile northwest of
O'Neill on April 25, 1882, the son
of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Connolly,
who were members of the Gen
eral O’Neill colony who located
O’Neill in May, 1874. He grew to
manhood here and then spent
several years ranching with his
brothers south of this city. On
June 23, 1920, he was united in
marriage to Mrs. Anna Welch, of
Hoboken, N. J., thq ceremony be
ing performed in the Catholic
church here by Rev. M. F. Cas
sidy. After their marriage they
lived in town for about four years
and then moved east and settled
in New Jersey, where he remain
ed until about seven years ago
when he returned to O’Neill.
Since his return from the east he
had been with his brothers in the
cream business in this city. He is
survived by two brothers, Pat
rick J. and Thomas J., both of
C Neill, five nephews and four
nieces. His wife passed away sev
eral years ago.
Frank was a companionable
man, witty, jolly and a good lis
tener, willing to let others do the
talking while he absorbed the
witticisms and tales unfolded. He
had a host of friends in the city
and country who regretted to
learn of his passing.
Holt County Hay Crop
Second In The Nation
Cherry county, with 431,101 ac
res of hay harvested, ranks first
among the counties of the United
States in hay production, the di
rector of the census at Washing-*
ton, D. C., reported late last week.
Cherry county also leads1 in the
number of cattle on hand. Holt
county is second in hay produc
tion, followed by St. Lawrence
county, New York.
Minnesota was listed the lead
ing state in total hay acreage, ex
clusive of sorghums, with Wiscon
sin second. Michigan leads in al
falfa acreage, but California was
first in alfalfa production.
Our great old Nebraska also led
all other states in wild hay acre
age with 2,432,885 acres.
For Those Receiving
Old Age Assistance
... ■■■■—
Nebraska is facing a manpower
shortage, and the State Dc
ment of Assistance and
Welfare wants to encourage all
employable assistance recipients
to contribute to the war effort by
securing whatever employment
they are able to assume. It should
be remembered, however, that
the assistance grants are not to
be considered as a means for mak
ing it possible to provide a labor
supply at less than the going rates
of wages in a community.
When we take into consider
ation the income of the old-age
assistance client in determining
his eligibility and the amount of
his grant, we are only being fair i
to him and to the other recipients
in the state, as well as to the gen
eral public. If the client is meet
ing his needs from other sources,
we cannot legally provide him
with old-age assistance.
We believe that most people
would rather work for what they
receive than to take assistance
from a public agency. Small, ir
regular earnings from employ
ment of short duration will have
little or no effect on eligibility for
assistance or in the amount of the
grant, but any regular employ
ment must be considered in de
termining eligibility and the
amount of the payment. Assist
ance grants to needy individuals
are based upon needs, as determ
ined by the application of a stand
ard assistance to be paid. The
State Assistance Department and
the county agency will do every
thing possible to prevent delay in
reopening cases which have been
closed because of employment, as
soon as the recipients again be
come eligible. In determining the
amounts of the grants for persons
who are employed only part time,
every consideration will be given
tc any additional needs which
may arise from such employment
(such as transportation, additional
clothing, glasses et cetra).
The State Assistance Depart
ment wants to do everything in
its power to be fair with the client
and with the public, but eligibil
ity and the amounts of assistance
payments must be determined on
the basis of a client’s needs. To
accomplish this purpose, to con
tribute to the labor supply, and
to provide adequately for every
needy individual, there must be
close co-operation between the
Department of Assistance, the
clients, and the employers.
Marriage Licenses
Earl Ellsworth Watt of Upton,
Wyo., and Mary Alice Fullerton
of Atkinson, on May 30th.
Rev. and Mrs. Kenneth Scott
, went to Chambers on Wednesday.
By Romaiae Saunders
Atkinson, Nebr., Stax Route No. 5.
The warlike races are learning
that the peaceful races can also
sight down a rifle barrel.
The past is the handmaid of the
future. Experiences of today lead
to the unknown of tomorrow.
Men are great not because of
their wit and cleverness, but in
proportion to the measure of their
Maybe it is alright to flatter
yourself with the thought that
every inconsequential job helps
to “win the war.”
There is much post-war plan
ning. A unique plan comes from
the Chinese, who prayed, “Lord,
reform Thy world, and begin
with ME.”
Floyd Adams of Amelia, the ac
comodating mail carrier on the
Kola route, enjoyed a few days’
visit last week with his brother,
Ernest, who came up early in the
week from Lincoln, and after a
visit with his sister, Mrs. Tom
Murray, and their father, Rhody
Adams at O’Neill, came out with
Floyd, who had gone to O’Neill
after him.
Thirty shinng cars and as many
capable ladies from the homes of
Swan and Wyoming precincts,
bringing supplies for a huge din
ner and equipment for work; 35
men, three tractors, five 4-horse
outfits and five spreaders, three
2-row listers and bags of seed
corn. That was the organization
of southwest citizens and their
equipment that did things on a
magnificent scale at the Fred
richs home a week ago. It was
probably the greatest “Bee” ever
held in this end of the county.
The ladies cleaned and scoured,
painted walls and served the
meal. Men planted fifty acres of
corn and cleaned feed lots and
corrals. Mr. Fredrichs has been
confined to a hospital for seven
weeks. Neighbors saw the need
and have acted.
Remember Pearl Harbor! One
way to remember it is through
little personal glimpses of the re
action of some who went through
it. Amid stark tragedy it seemed
possible to see the humor. The
attack came on December 7th. On
the 10th a lady wrote home to the
main land: “Our lives have been
almost completely made over
since Sunday. After all, when
bombs start falling in one’s back
yard one has to do something
about it. Incidentally, they are a
sure cure for constipation! All
fancy bric-a-brac is relegated to
the closet and house stripped for
action. At the bank yesterday ev
eryone entering was searched. Ail
downtown store windows are
taped. Nearly everyone is in some
sort of uniform. My dog and cat
sense all the trouble and disturb
ance. Jumbo is nervous and jit
tery and barks at everyone, while
Puss Puss jumps every time the
phone rings.”
A group of public school stu
dents in a Nebraska town signed
a petition that the scriptures be
not read nor prayer offered in the
schools. In view of the taint of
evolution on some of our schools
this is rather a logical request.
As this fantastic theory denies
the only authentic record of man’s
beginning, his history and destiny,
as revealed in sacred scripture,
such an attitude on the part of
students is only natural But
these young people might have
a deeper reason, stemming from
a sense of reverence rather than
ridicule. When I was a child it
was a custom to open school with
scripture reading and prayer.
Don’t know that it did any good
or any harm. Certainly boys and
girls were no better then than
now. I give place to no one in
my reverence for and devotion to
the world’s greatest book, but I
believe it inadvisable to introduce
it in the public school—an insti
tution that is open alike to believ
ers and infidels, Jew and Gentile.
There would be a dispute as to
which version to use and while
the various translations differ in
phraseology, historically, doctrin
eally and inspirationally they are
one, but it would hardly do for a
school board to say which to use.
The home and the church have
the responsibility, not the public
schools, in sacred matters.
Recently I tried to buy enough
lumber to make a garden gate,
but the lumber dealer had no
lumber. A friend who was on the
job at a large defense project in
eastern Nebraska told me that
what was called waste lumber
was piled in long ricks as high as
the lumber could be tossed, oil
poured on and set on fire. This
was new lumber, four to eight
foot pieces, inch and two-inch
stuff. Windows of good houses
were broken, chains run through
and hooked to powerful “cats,”
the houses wrecked and burned.
Others verify and add more to
these accounts. Out here we are
Thelma June Nissen
Thelma June Nissen died at the
Orchard Hospital at 11:20 o'clock
p. m., on May 28, 1943, after an
illness of but one day, at the age
of 21 years, four months and five
days. The funeral services were
held at the Methodist church in
Page, Tuesday afternoon at 2:30
o’clock, Rev. L. D. Carpenter and
Rev. Beebe officiating, and burial
in the Page cemetery. The fu
neral was about the largest ever
seen in that section of the county,
people coming from many miles
to pay their last respect to the
Thelma June Finley was born
near Page, Nebr., on January 23,
1922, the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Albert Finley, pioneer res
idents of that section of the coun
ty. She grew to womanhood there
and on May 31, 1940, was united in
marriage to Donald O. Nissen,
the ceremony being performed at
Page. One son was born of this
union, James Leland, who with
his father are left to mourn the
passing of a kind and affectionate
wife and mother. She is also sur
vived by her father and mother,
three sisters and four brothers,
besides a host of friends in the
eastern part of the county.
F. J. Dishner Hit By Car
Last Saturday Evening
While crossing the street at the
corner of Sixth and Douglas
streets last Saturday night about
10:30, F. J. Dishner was hit by a
car and quite badly bruised and
injured, but no bones wefe
Mr. Dishner was on his way
home, walking from the hotel to
the corner of Sixth and Douglas
street, when he crossed the street
to the south side. The car was
coming from the west and swung
south at Sixth street as if to
make a turn, then the driver ap
parently changed his mind and
swung the car to the east. When
the car swung south Mr. Dishner
continued on his way across the
street and was about two feet
from the curb on the south side
of the street when struck by the
car. He was thrown to the
ground, his head apparently strik
ing the curb on the south side,
tearing his right ear so badly that
it was necessary to take twelve
stitches in it. He was badly bruis
ed on the left leg. He was taken
to the hospital immediately after
the accident and remained there
until Wednesday, when he was
taken home. He is still confined
to his bed, but is getting along
nicely. Frank was unlucky in be
ing hit, but fortunate indeed that
his injuries were not more ser
ious than they are.
The car was driven by Young
Wright, about 21, of Chambers,
and in the car with him at the
time was a young fellow named
Harvey, from Page. They claim
they did not see Mr. Dishner be
for they hit him.
not allowed a stick of lumber.
That was not all the waste, I am
told. Should a keg of nails or
spikes get upset, it was left. Men
drawing $100 a week worked
about two days of that time and |
had a system of “hide out” three
or four days. One energetic gent
went to his foreman and asked if
he didn’t have something for him j
to do as he was tired of “hiding'
out.” “Yes,” said the foreman, “1
got a good job for you. See those
pools of water the rain made last i
night? You get a bucket and carry j
that water across the highway.”
The highway was a quarter mile:
away. My friend returned to his
“hide out” but drew a full week’s
pay. Cost plus—plus 6 per cent.
And did those boys know how to
run up the cost! If the cost was
$100,000 the contractor had a
profit of $6,000; if $1,000,000, he’d
swell his profit to $60,000. Who
paid it? Uncle Sam through a
hundred million patriots who will
spend their last dime and sacri
fice life itself for an ideal, while
outrageous graft does mat
nullify these sacrifices. Does Mrs.
Roosevelt still think America
“can afford to be wasteful?”
Whatever else that group call
ing themselves Jehovah’s Witnes
ses may have accomplished, they
have kept state and federal courts
occupied. A year ago the supreme
court in Washington, by a five for
and four against, upheld the right
of cities to tax these people out
of circulation. Chief Justice Stone
wrote the dissenting opinion. The
majority opinion held in effect
that religious freedom goes no
farther than that you may believe
what you like but can’t teach it.
Swinging behind the constitution
al guarantee of freedom of ex
pression some influential organ
izations came to the help of the
Witnesses, asked for a review of
the matter and the court has now
reversed itself. All the members
of the court stick by the original
viewpoint, but a new member,
Mr. Justice Rutledge having suc
ceeded Mr. Byrnes, joined with
the original minority, thus set
ting aside the restrictions. The
Washington Post called it a vic
tory for freedom. The Witnesses
have a strange mixture of the
ological truth and error and they
are at liberty now to go ahead
and peddle it, but many citizens
are indifferent to all propaganda,
and others have the discernment
to sift truth and error.
Band Concert, Saturday
June 5th At 8:15 P. M.
1— Star Spangled Banner__
- Key
2— March, “Coionel Bogey”_
3— Waltz, “Alice Blue Gown”
4— Novelette, ‘Pavanne”_
-Morton Gould
5— March, Washington Grays,
6— “Siamese Patrol”_
____ Paul Linke
7— March, “Chicago Police
Band”_ Mader
8— Vocal Solo_DaVene Loy
...“Rose of No Man's Land"
9— Hymn, “Abide With Me."
10— March, “American Le
gion” _ Parker
Banks Can Now Make
Installment Loans
Bankers all over Nebraska are
gratified to learn, that the Install
ment Loan bill has finally passed
the state legislature, because the
enactment of this needed legis
lation makes it possible for banks
to serve the small borrower on
installment loans, at rates less
than those of the average loan
This new law removes the re
strictions which have barred most
local banks from making small
installment loans. Heretofore the
loans by banks throughout the
state usually, except in the larger
cities, have been commercial and
agricultural loans repayable in
one sum. Such installment loans
as were made usually were hand
led by private agencies. In order
that the public might have ac
cess to installment loans at rea
sonable rates, the banks proposed
to the legislature that they would
make such loans on a basis equit
able to the borrow and the bank,
providing the way was opened to
them without prohibitive license
charges. The new law now opens
this field to the small banks
throughout the state. To small
borrowers who get this service
from banks for the first time, the
saving will be conspicuous be
cause the maximum installment
interest rate for banks is consid
erably lower than the maximum
rate permitted loan companies.
The Nebraska Bankers Associa
tion, in announcing this new ar
rangement for the installment
borrower, states that the banks
welcome the opportunity of serv
ing the installment borrower at
a more moderate rate.
Would Junk Wallace
The following from the pen of
J. L. Hixon of Paxton, Nebr., ap
peared in the public Pulse col
umn of Tuesday’s World-Herald:
“Is any good being accomplish-!
ed in Washington? Wrangling for
months over the tax situation and
nothing done yet! John L. Lewis
is dictating to the government
what thev can do and what they
can’t, strikes on everywhere and
our administration is not big,
enough to fulfill the oath they
took when accepting office. Is this
the kind of democracy our boys
are fighting and dving for? God
forbid. Then, Vice President Wal
lace comes along and says iunk
all the synthetic rubber nlants
and buy rubber from South Amer
ica. What have they done for us?
We want a market for our grain
here I say to every farmer, iunk
Wallace and many others of his
T.arffo Cr^wd Attends
Memorial Day Exercises
Brisk action dominated the
livestock market at the local
auction last Monday. Hog re
ceiDts were very heavy and the
cattle run was moderate. Prices
looked steady to strong on most
classes of cattle; hog prices were
lower than a week ago. The
general market undertone re
mains strong and firm.
The best lightweight steer
calves topped at $16.45 with the
long end ranging in price from
$14.50 to $15.75. Heifer calves
paid upwards to $14.90 with the
bulk going at $13.50 to $14.50.
Yearling steers cashed mostly
from $14.00 to $14.50, with a scat
tered few reaching $15.00. Sup
plies were rather limited. Heifers
in this class topped at $13.50; bulk
moved at $12.50 to $13.00.
Good fleshy b£ef cows cashed
mostly from $10.50 to $11.50 with
a few going a little higher. Cows
with less Quality and weight paid
paid from $9.00 to $10.00. Weighty
bulls brought $11.50 to $12.50.
Hog supplies were heavy and
prices eased off somewhat. Choice
butchers bulked at $13.70 to
$13.80. However an extreme
top of $13.85 was claimed by a
few. Sows sold mostly from
$13.50 to $1365. Feeder pigs
-rang'd in price from $13 25 to
$14.00. A large number of little
pigs sold by the head and brot
good prices. Next auction, Mon
day, June 7.
Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Cork of
Page, a son, born May 27th.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Kooetjka,
a son, Jerry Joseph, born May 30.
Ted McElhaney made a bus
iness trip to Stanton on Thursday.
Sgt. Bredehoeft Is Now
Attending Utah Uni.
The Army now offers more
educational opportunities than
ever before, and S-Sgt. Victor
Bredehoeft of O’Neill is one who
will share in them. He has been
selected for advanced college
training after passing a special
competitive examination and a
reviewing board of officers. S-Sgt.
Bredehoeft has left the west coast
ordnance training center at Camp
Santa Anita for his course at Uni
versity of Utah, Salt Lake City.
This is part of the Army spe
cialized training program which
is attempting to pick men who
have demonstrated, unusual abil
ity out of the ranks and give them
additional training. S-Sgt. Brede
hoeft was assigned to Ordnance
from his reception center after his
various preliminary tests showed
that he was suited for the highly
technical tasks of Ordnance,
which orignates, supplies, main
tains and repairs all weapons, am
munition, and vehicles used by
our Army.
He is the son of Fred G. Brede
hoeft of O’Neill and was employ
ed by the Texaco Bulk Plant in
O’Neill before entering the ser
Tin Can Collection
Drive Is Now On
County Chairman of Salvage
Harry Ressel and myself have re
ceived instructions from the state
chairman to conduct a tin can
collection drive throughout Holt
county. Similar drives will be
conducted by the other counties
in the state. You who have been
saving tin cans in anticipation of
a drive will surely be glad to
hear this.
Formerly all tin cans from Ne
braska had to be sent to a de-tin
ning plant in Illinois, but there
is a new “shredding” plant, lo
cated in Kansas City, where cans
from this area can now be sent.
Every pound of steel from tin
cans now becomes copper. There
fore, we are asking every family
to save EVERY tin can, properly
prepared from now until victory,
and they will be collected at reg
ular intervals.
Tin cans are small steel drums
coated with tin. Copper is our
Number One critical war ma
terial. A tin can becomes copper
in this manner:
The tin is removed. The re
maining steel is shredded into
small steel “cornflakes." The
shredded steel is shipped to cop
per mines. Every copper mine has
water in it which must be pump
ed out. This water is a copper
sulphate solution which is passed
over the steel shreddings and
continues on as iron sulphate,
leaving the copper from the water
as a precipitate in the vat. The
shreddings are removed, not as
steel now but as copper. Every
pound of steel has become a
pound of copper.
All cans of a gallon size or
smaller can be used. The need for
copper is so great that milk cans,
paint cans, varnish cans, oil cans,
whether tin coated or not must
be shipped to the shredding
Copper makes brass and brass
is needed for shell casings, air
plane guns, and other kinds of
guns, bigger and more powerful
than those of our enemies. This
year the war will take 1,750,000
tons of copper—650,000 more tons
than were used last year.
Plans are not completed for de
pots in each town in the county
for your tin cans, but they should
be completed by next week, so
watch your county paper for an
Everyone should be familiar
with the method of preparing tin
cans for salvage, but will repeat
them: Remove the label and wash
and dry the can. Now remove the
bottom and flatten the can by
stepping on it. Slip the top and
bottom inside and store in a box
in a dry place so they will not
rust. Then watch for collection
dates. >
And do not forget that waste
fats are still a vital part of our
salvage work, and will be until
victory. Every home should have
a small amount of waste fats,
though our government is not
asking for any fat® that we can
use in cooking. And do keep the
wornout silk and ”v1on hose mov
ing to the collection boxes.
Holt Canity Chairman
Women’s Salvage Activities.
Hospital Notes
Mrs. Homer Ernst and baby dis
missed on Sunday.
Mrs. Jack Bailey and baby dis
missed on Sunday.
Mrs. Dwight Harder and baby
dismissed on Sunday.
Donald Shanka of Chambers
entered the hospital Monday for
medical treatment
Marvin Rouse underwent a ton
silectomy on Wednesday.
Gerald Wettlaufer was a patient
on Tuesday and Wednesday.
Mrs. Art Ellis was a patient on
Friday and Saturday.
Frank Dishner admitted on Sat
urday for medical care; dismissed
Mrs. D. A. Baker went to Sioux
City on Monday to visit relatives
and friends for a few days.