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About The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1943)
WEEKLY NEW> ANALYSIS
Strong Pressure From U. S. 2nd Army
Forces Axis to Last Tunisia Cover;
House Approves 'Pay as You Go* Tax;
43 Nations to Discuss Food Problems
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Testifying before the Truman defense investigating committee. Un
dersecretary of War Robert Patterson, right, revealed that a truce had
been arranged In his feud with Rubber Administrator William Jeffers.
Long at odds over a battle for priorities for equipment for aviation gaso
line and synthetic rubber plants, Patterson and Jeffers were brought
together by Ferdinand Eberstadt, former WPB official, in a Washington
hotel room. They agreed to make a personal inspection of the gasol ne
and rubber plants, working out arrangements for breaking bottlenecks
in either program.
PAY AS YOU GO:
As the shadows lengthened on
Capitol Hill, 313 congressmen end
ed a hectic day of debate by pass
ing the Robertson-Forand pay-as
you-go measure, forgiving 75 per
cent of the 1942 income taxes and
putting all taxpayers on a current
After rejecting the Ruml plan as
embodied in the Carlson bill, which
would have forgiven all taxes, and
voting to recommit the house ways
and means committee measure,
which would have applied 1941 rates
to 1942 incomes, the congressmen
acted on the Robertson-Forand pro
Under the Robertson-Forand bill,
which went to the senate following
house action, all taxpayers would
be exempted from paying the 6
per cent normal and first surtax of
13 per cent on their 1942 Incomes.
Those with taxable income over the
13 per cent surtax, however, would
have to pay balance of the 1942
tax. In that case, their first two
payments this year would be ap
plied against their remaining liabil
ity, and if they still had a balance
outstanding, they could clean it up in
two later payments.
As to 1943 taxes, the Robertson
Forand bill provides for a 20 per
cent withholding tax against wages
and salaries after exemptions have
been estimated. Of this amount. 3
per cent would be taken out for the
Victory tax, the tax being reduced
from 5 per cent
Yanks Are Coming
Yielding to strong pressure from
the Second American army of Lieut.
Gen. George S. Patton, Axis troops
fell back to their last stronghold in
northern Tunisia, there to await the
final assault of the Allied forces.
Even as they were being regrouped
for the decisive battle, American
units pressed forward against their
fortified positions in the mountains.
The Axis took up their new posi
tions along the last perimeter of
defenses ringing the great naval
base of Riserte, after Yankee in
fantry had cleaned them out of the
strategic hill country to the west.
Advancing under the cover of
heavy artillery, American troops
braved scathing machine gun and
mortar fire to crawl up the scraggly
■lopes and ferret the enemy from
their entrenchments. Then they
swept into Mateur, strategic rail
and road junction 18 miles south of
In the central sector, the Axis
maintained their massed armored
columns to stand off the British First
army along the level approaches to
the gateway of Tunis.
Having finally agreed to get to
gether. General* Charles De Gaulle
and Henri Giraud, the anti-Axis
French leaders, were at odds as to
where to meet. Fearing public dem
onstrations of De Gaullist sympathy
In North African cities where the
Fighting French chieftain is strong
est, Giraud had been angling to hold
the meeting in some secluded loca
No Tax on Evangelism
Reversing its stand of one year
ago, the United States Supreme
court ruled as invalid all forms of
licensing the spreading of the writ
ten and spoken word.
Particularly, the court attacked
the collection of license fees by four
cities from Jehovah's Witnesses for
distribution of its religious tracts.
Such fees, it said, were a violation
of the first constitutional amend
ment guaranteeing speech freedom.
Nazi attacks against Russian lines
around Novorosissk were repulsed
with losses, the Reds claimed, and
all of the enemy's efforts to enlarge
its bridgehead in the vicinity were
While ground fighting flared, Rus
sian airmen were active over the
Caucasian front, shooting down 54
Nazi planes in swirling dogfights
west of Krasnodar.
Minor artillery duels were report
ed all along the rest of the huge
battle-line. The Nazis announced Al
lied planes again raided East Prus
sia, one being shot dowii.
Happening upon a Jap convoy
northwest of the Aleutian islands, a
daring American naval task force
closed in for an attack even as
strong Japanese units bore down off
After breaking up the convoy
which included three transports
headed for Attu and Kiska, the
American force, led by Rear Adm.
C. H. McMorris, then wheeled to
ward home, and with three destroy
ers running interference, maneu
vered clear of the enemy fleet.
Racing in close to hold off the Jap
fleet with torpedo fire, the destroy
ers threw up smoke screens to cov
er their withdrawal after the at
tacks. Checked by the fire, the en
emy stood by while the Americans
Despite the intense barrage of the
heavy Jap cruisers and destroyers
which fell within the proximity of
the American ships, the U. S. units
emerged with no material losses.
43 Nations to Meet
Representatives from 43 nations
will meet at Hot Springs, Va., next
week for the Allied food conference.
The conference will revolve around
American proposals for achieving
more efficient production and wider
distribution of the world’s food.
Plans also will be discussed for
restoration of agricultural produc
tion in Europe after occupation by
The conference will be wholly ex
ploratory, it was said, with the dif
ferent representatives laying the
conference recommendations before
their respective governments for in
According to Allied spokesmen.
Japanese submarine activity in the
South Pacific has equaled that of
the Germans in the Atlantic.
In both cases. Allied naval lead
ers said enemy U-boats have sunk
about 2 per cent of total shipping
Using 2 per cent as a basis, the
Allies have lost 210.000 tons during
the five months of the Tunisian cam
paign. No actual figures were given
for the Pacific theater.
The Japs put out a claim recently
that they had sunk a 12.000-ton tank
er. a 12.000-ton troopship and an
Nazis to Hit England?
According to reports received in
Madrid from authoritative diplomat
ic and military sources. Adolf Hit
ler may try to invade England and
end the war after stabilizing the
Allied circles accepted the reports
with a goodly grain of salt, however.
There was a feeling that the rumors
may have been planted to confuse
Allied preparations for a second
front in Europe.
Titnr tn IlirKrr
Following the Mlahllshmrnt nf •
15 day truce In lha blttar real strike.
Secretary nf tha Intarlnr Hamid
Icke* nrdered the nation'* 5,551'
mine* to ihlft to a six day week or
suffer cancellation of prlea Increase*
recently granted them to fever the
expense of such operation*
Under the miners' present rnn
tract, they are paid time and hnlf
for all work over 55 hours on tha
sixth day. The additional pay they
receive under Ickes’ order was said
not to need the approval of Ihe War
Reached by the government with
the United Mine Workers' chieftain.
John L. Lewis, the truee assures
continued coal production and op
portunity for additional negotiation
with the operators.
From the first, Lewis gnve no in
dication of backing down on his de
mands for a $2 a day wage Increase;
for time spent in the mines traveling
to and from the coal faces, and
unionization of minor bosses.
At the same time, Lewis continued
to hammer at the War Labor board’s
formula for limiting wage increases
to 15 per cent over 1941 levels.
House on R Street
Everybody In Washington is talk
ing about the house on R street. A
big. red, Georgian mansion, almost
as spacious as a hotel, it is the resi- ,
dence of one John Monroe, also
known as Monroe Kaplan, business
man and manufacturers' represen
"Sometimes the food’s terrible,”
Monroe said in talking about the I
now famous parties held in the
house, "but my guests don’t come
for food, but for interesting conver- j
Topping the list of Monroe's guests
were Secretary of the Navy Frank
Knox; Maj. Gen. Levin H. Cajnpbell,
cljief of army ordnance; Senator
Warren R. Austin of Vermont; and
Representative James H. Morrison
of Louisiana. Senator Styles Bridges
of New Hampshire was honored at
the house with a party celebrating
his recovery from an illness.
Rubber Administrator William
Jeffers said he had received many
invitations to break bread at the
hospitable house, but refused them
all. Jeffers said that Monroe was
trying to promote an important man
in the United States senate for Pres
Fight for Rail Line
Continuing in their reported cam
paign to obtain full grasp of the rail
road system of China to build up a
communication line from the Asiatic
mainland to Japan, select Nipponese
troops continued hammering at stra
tegic Chinese positions.
While the Japs claimed to have
encircled 20,000 Chinese troops along
the Peiping-Hankow railroad, the
Chinese asserted that their troops
repulsed persistent Jap attacks.
Japanese efforts to drop picked
troops behind Chinese lines by para
chute failed, the Chinese said, when
their forces wiped out these units in
hard fighting. All along the Taiheng
mountains where the battle raged,
the Chinese held their ground in
In Washington. D. C., the army
announced that Gen. Edgar E Glenn
of the 14th air force in China was
wounded by bomb fragmentation
when Japanese bombers struck at
an American base.
Tragedy on the bleak island of Ice
land claimed the life of the eighth
American general to be killed or
missing in this war when Lieut. Gen.
Frank M. Andrews, commander of
all American forces in the Euro
pean theater, crashed to his death.
With the general and sharing his
fate was Methodist Bishop Adna
Wright Leonard, on an inspection
tour of religious facilities in U. S.
military bases on behalf of 31
American Protestant denominations.
A former cavalry officer who
transferred to the air force during
the last World war. General An
drews was foremost among the ear
ly advocates for a strong American !
air arm. He was partly credited
with the development of the famous
STORMY: Stormy weather ac
counted for come of the Allied losses
in the recent big Japanese bombing
raid on Port Darwin, Australia.
Strong winds developed during the
dog fights and forced some of the
fliers into the ocean.
VISITOR: CominR as a visitor,
with no hand out. Eduard Benes.
chief of the exiled Czechoslovak
government, will visit the U S in
May, confer with President Roose
velt and make three speeches in
PROFITS: Profits of British ship
builders constructing warships
reached 80 per cent in one instance,
with the average aggregating be
tween 20 and 30 per cent.
ESCAPE: The entire crew of 42
of a medium-sized U S. merchant
vessel recently survived torpedoing
in the North Atlantic. They took to
lifeboats in a calm sea
MORE ROOM: Three types ol
caskets have been lengthened three
inches on order of WPB which took
the action after a storm of criticism
greeted an earlier directive to limit
coffins to six feet.
U. 5. Army Is On Alert'
For Chemical Warfare
Many Developments in Gas Warfare Date
From World War I; America Thought to
Have Greatest Potential Gas Offensive.
Ntmtt Anahit and Commentator.
WNT Service, Union Trust Building. ’
Washington. I». C.
Some days ago the British short
wave radio, beamed on Germany,
was telling the German people, who
dared to listen to the forbidden
words, that if their armies used gas
against the Russians, the British
would retaliate and paralyze the
German cities with gas bombs from
the air. Just about that same hour.
I was entering the Army and Navy
club in Washington with a short,
vigorous, bright-eyed general, whose
mental agility makes up for his lack
of length. It was no coincidence.
I was there to learn something more
about chemical warfare and I knew
of no better way than to pump Brig
Gen. Alden H. Waitt of the chem
ical warfare service and whose book
“Gas Warfare” has sold out twice in
Washington book stores.
There was, however, a coincidence
connected with that visit, for as we
walked into the great, crowded din
Soldiers stationed at Camp Sad
Luis Obispo, Calif., outfitted with
new type training gas masks.
ing room of the club, Waitt paused
to speak to a gray-haired man in
civilian clothes witb a ribbon in his
buttonhole. I recognized a once
familiar figure—Amos Fries, first
general of the chemical warfare
service. He, of course, is retired
I recalled that shortly after the
First World war, the activities of
General Fries got under some peo
ple’s skins. He was a hyper-enthusi
ast over his specialty, and in the
reaction against all things military
which comes after a war. the cynics
used to joke about the stenographer
who transcribed her symbols so that
a letter was sent addressed to the
“comical” warfare service.
But Fries persisted and managed
to preserve his unit in a tight little
independent group instead of having
its activities scattered all over the
other services. As far as the pub
lic goes, very little attention has
been paid to this arm of our military
offense and defense. It may. how
ever. become very prominent be
fore the war is over and some people
say that day is "imminent.”
If gas comes, the United States
will be prepared for it. From an
organization with 94 officers in the
thirties, the chemical warfare serv
ice has grown until its officer per
sonnel numbers "many thousand" (I
can’t reveal the figure) and many
of them are with combat troops to
day where they are responsible for
the use of smoke screens and for
incendiaries—the lire bombs and the
I have witnessed demonstrations
at the Edgewood arsenal near Balti
more. and although I cannot report
the details, I can say that some of
the effects were remarkable. You
ought to see a steel tank or a con
crete pillbox go up in flames when
it is "lighted” by a flame thrower
It is unbelievable to watch.
There have been, of course, many
developments in this little-discussed
weapon of warfare since gas was
first used in World War I by the
Germans and used so successfully
and yet so stupidly The attack took
the British and French colonial
troops utterly by surprise and
caused what amounted to a rout. If
the Germans had had the sense to
follow it up, they could have broken
through the lines and reached
That was not the first use of gas
In warfare—the first recorded use
was some time earlier—in fact, Just
2.445 years earlier—at the siege of
Plataea, when the Spartans burned
wood saturated with pitch and sul
phur under the walls. It failed be
cause a rain came up. Five years
later a similar "gas attack** was a
complete success at the aiege of
Delium where the fumes drove the
defenders from the city’s walls in a
The most recent developments in
gas warfare has just been revealed.
The Allies have known for some time
that the Germans had a new power
ful gas which it is almost impossible
to detect by smell. It can now be
stated that this gas is nitrogen
mustard, a relative of the deadly,
burning mustard gas of the last war
but far more volatile and that much
more effective, for it enters the lungs
in greater quantities. It can also
now be stated that the Americans
are able to manufacture this gas
rapidly and in quantity, if necessary.
Our experts are thoroughly familiar
with its characteristics.
The other development which will
greatly increase the efficiency of the
use of gas, if it is used today, is the
new method of spraying it from low
flying planes. This makes it possi
ble to contaminate an area contain
ing troops almost without warning.
However, it is believed that the
United States is not only prepared
with the best protection but prob
ably has the most effective poten
tial gas offensive weapons of any of
What are the arguments in favor
of the use of this weapon which, so
far, has not been used? Let me
quote Brigadier General Waitt:
"Every sensible man is agreed
that war should be resorted to only
when all peaceful methods have
failed. When, in order to sustain its
policies, a nation has no other choice
but to use force to gain its ends, it
should do this with as little loss as
possible. Not only should there be
little loss to the nation itself but
unnecessary loss to its enemy should
be avoided. Victory depends on the
amount of loss. The smaller the
loss to both sides, the greater the
victory to the victor. This may be
strange doctrine but it is sound.”
"War,” Waitt believes, “is not car
ried on to kill or destroy but rather
to enforce a policy, and if possible,
the enforcement should be accom
plished without loss of life or prop
We can work toward this end by
the use of gas. He points to these
facts for his argument: There were
275,000 American casualties in the
American ranks in the last war.
More than one-fourth were caused
by gas. Of the gas casualties, only
about 2 per cent died. In other
words, the men wounded by gas had
about 12 times the chance to live
as those wounded by other weapons.
To urge the use of gas sounds
strange, indeed. I recall how sur
prised I was when a young Chinese
captain, who had fought through
most of the campaigns against
Japan, said to me: "Gas is a kindly
weapon.” Of course, he had never
met it himself but he had seen plenty
of men blown apart by shrapnel and
high explosive and he was very posi
tive in his statement.
What about civilians if gas is
used? In the first place, America,
of course, is in less danger than
Britain because of distance but not
out of danger. There has been much
contradictory opinion expressed as
to the possibility of gassing cities.
One view is that it would be utterly
ineffective, the other is that whole
populations could be blotted out.
Waitt says both extreme views are
wrong. That there is a middle
ground, that gas can be used against
Industrial and political centers of im
portance for its disorganizing and
demoralizing effect but that the chief
targets will be strategic points such
as railway stations, povrer and light
plants and the like. Gas will not
wipe out populations, he believes, it
will not entirely supplant explosi\es.
But it will be an effective weapon.
The most important defense, aside
from material means of protection
which Waitt describes in detail, is
education and discipline.
BRIEFS. . . by Baukhage
Polish saboteurs killed or wounded |
424 Nazis, damaged 17 German
trains and destroyed seven oil wells
thin one n.e th
• •> •
The tan.t us Gtrir.an military
magazine. Militant wochenblatt, has
suspended alter 127 years of publica
tion, the London radio said in a
broadcast recently reported by Unit
ed States government monitors.
A farmer who sells butter, lard or
any other food rationed under the
meats and fats program to a retail
er now must collect ration points
for the sale.
• • •
II you are having trouble with the
point rationing system, go to your
Red Cross chapter. A nutrition ex
pert will gladly explain point ration
ing to you.
ht Wrutet* t'ttlW'
For a number of rears I treated
all the Injured athletic students of
a large university. Fortunately,
most of the Injuries were cuts.
and occasional frac
tures, with not infre
quent head injurie*
ness. For many
years also I treated
all the injured ama
teur and profession
al boxers and wres
tlers in which head
injuries were not un
common, While most
cases of head con
consciousness in minutes and oiten
seconds. I often wondered if I made
them take sufficient rest before re
suming athletic activities.
This whole question of how soon
after a blow that has caused uncon
sciousness, the patient should re
sume his regular occupation, has
been studied by Dr. H. Cairns: some
of his findings are recorded in the
Proceedings of the Royal Society of
"In deciding when a patient
should be fit to return to work, it is
necessary to bear in mind the se
verity of his injury, and the best
yardstick at present available is the
length of time he was unconscious
after the injury. T^ shortest time
in which ability to carry out full
work may be expected to return is
"If unconscious for five minutes
to one hour—four to six weeks.
"If unconscious one to 24 hours—
six to eight weeks.
"If unconscious one to seven days
—two to four months.
"If unconscious over seven days—
four to eight months.
"If patient was very tired when in
jured, more time should be given.
The type of work must also be con
sidered as a simple task may be
resumed earlier than one which
calls for much brain effort.
"Almost every patient who makes
a full recovery from concussion suf
fers at a certain stage of bis re
covery from headaches. In mild
cases headaches usually occur early
and disappear, whereas in more
severe cases headaches appear
much later, in fact after patient is
well enough to return home though
not to work.”
• a a
There was a time when a man or
woman wearing glasses was thought
to be a student or one who did a
great deal of reading. Glasses were
almost a badge of scholarship It
was a rare thing to see a child with
glasses and many wearing glasses
were doing so to correct a squint
or crossed eye.
Within the last 20 years there has
been a great increase in the num
ber of men and women wearing
glasses and glasses on school chil
dren no longer attract attention.
Most of us will likely attribute this
increase in the number wearing
glasses to the examination of the
eyes of school children and to the
education by departments of health
of the importance of having the vi
sion corrected in those afflicted with
and astigmatism ^objects not seen
distinctly). The last war also taught
the value of acquiring proper glasses
as many men were rejected for poor
However, we learn from the Bet- j
ter Vision institute in one of their
monthly releases that America is
becoming a nearsighted nation. Ev
ery 10 years the figures show that
vision is becoming narrower and hu
man eyes, which from the beginning
of history had been adaptel to far
vision, have now their sharpest vi
sion when fixed on near objects not
very far from the end of the nose.
What is causing the population to
Some research workers on the eye
state that (a) living conditions to
day finds man looking at “near”
objects instead of “far” or distant
objects, and (b) nearsightedness
seems to be handed down from par
ents to their children.
Today, education has become al
most universal and children start to
read at an early age. Occupations
are indoors for the most part and
modern living conditions require al
most continuous close vision.
We should, therefore, be Kind to
our eyes, and if our eyes need help
make sure that they get help, and
the right kind of help.
• • •
Q._What is the best kind of de
odorant to use to overcome under
A.—Deodorants containing formal
dehyde or a'uminum give good re
sults. X-ray is used in severe cases.
Q__What. c'her than high blood
pressure, could cause cerebral hem
A.—Cerebral hemorrhage may be
caused by an injury to the brain
that would cause rupture of a blood
vessel even in a young individual.
HIGH SC HOOL
Complete your high school at
home In spare time; rest far
nished; no classes; meet col*
lege entrance requirements;
employment service; diploma;
booklet free American School.
.Mi So. ?«th Ave., Omaha, Neh.
A SMARTLY flounced blanket
** chest with contrasting cush
ion serves as a convenient seat;
and extra covers are right at hand
on chilly nights.
Plan the sire of your chest to
fill your needs and space. It may
be made of one-inch pine and
SEW Through X
; WELTING ■
■ OVER EDfct
should be about 17 inches high
without the cushion. Make the
flounce with double fullness—that
is, twice as long as the space it
is to fill after it is gathered. The
cushion may be filled with cotton
padding, feathers or down.
• • •
NOTE—Mrs. Spears has prepared a
sheet 17 by 22 inches, giving step-by-step
working drawings and a complete list of
lumber, hardware and fabric needed. The
lady of the bouse can spend some happy
evenings working with Young Son and Dad
on this interesting project. Ask for De
sign 259 and enclose 15 cents. Send your
MRS. RUTH WYETH SPEARS
Bedford Hills New York
Enclose 15 cents for Design No.
Gen. Eisenhower's Name
Means ‘Iron Chopper*
“Ike” is 52. His soldiers swear
by him—say he’s both tough and
lucky. He was certainly lucky
when, as a young officer, he ar
rested a Negro National Guards
man who had run amok in Chi
cago. The Negro pulled ®ut a re
volver and fired five shots at him
at almost point-blank range. They
OILS AND GREASES
Save on oils and greases—buy direct. Tex
aco. Havoline & Dutch Mill Oils. Send your
liat & containers with any trucker or write
for prices. 24 hour service for trucks.
Dutch Mill Oil Co.. 65Ui A L. Omaha, Nrb.
HIGH GRADE GIERNSEY HEIFERS,
under one year and yearlings past. Also
springer heifers. Special price on four.
EKED CHANDLER. CHARITON. IOWA.
LAND FOR SALE
M. A. Larson. "The Land Man" at Central
City, has sold Nebr. since 1912. To sell or
buy land—write your wants without delay.
Purebred Poland China fall boar rugged fel
lows. Immuned. Guernsey bull calves 6 to 10
mos. old. Wide A Inselman, Columbus, Nebr.
/■ To relieve distress of MONTHLY >
WHICH MAKES YOU CRANKY, NERVOUS!
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to Its soothing effect on one of
WOMAN'S MOST IMPORTANT ORCANS
Taken regularly—Plnkham'a Com
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against such annoying symptoms.
Follow label directions Worth tryingt
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Your kidneys are constantly filtering
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