The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, March 18, 1943, Image 1

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    Nab. State Historical Society
The Frontier
By Romaine Saunders
Atkinson, Nebr., Star Route No. 5.
The worry of many is not how
to engineer the household needs
under points and coupons but
how to meet rising costs with
stationary income.
A hatchery man with feeds to
sell asks: “How kin a hen chew
grub without teeth?" He will
have to take the matter up with
the Creator for an answer.
From what she declines to say
about a fourth term, it appears
the first lady is for it. Eleanor
would doubtless be as restless as
a caged tigeress if dropped from
public notice.
From an old scrapbook I learn
that a Denver paper had expres-,
sed amazement that a man with
his brains knocked out was still,
alive, whereupon a Kentucky pa
per said if he was down that way
he would not only be living but
holding some important office.
Duane Bly, a student from
Swan attending the Chambers
high school, is about the champ
ion of hard luck experiences to
deal his schooling a blow. Layed
up at home for two separate
stretches with the measles, he was
next knocked over but not out
with an excruciating toothache,
which took another day from ed
ucational pursuits to have two of
fending molars removed—or ex
tracted the dentists say.
Monday was the hardest day of
the winter on the herds out this
way. It is not unusual in the er
ratic month of March for storms
to sweep the land. We got it this
time in the shape of a half-inch
of ice plastered over everything
through the medium of rain and
wind. Sleet, high wind and biting
cold throughout the day, a bit of
snow and night settles over us as
the gale continues a melancholy
moaning out of the north.
Gray, old but not aged, well
fed and serene, taking his ease as
the lengthening shadows crown
life’s rich memories— memories
trailing in mystic charm through
the long years to a sod house in
the measureless grass lands of
southern Holt county. Thus I run
across the other day up at Atkin
son a pioneer homesteader of the
Amelia country, William Long,
familiarly known among the thin
ning ranks of the early settlers
by that contradictory combina
tion of names, Shorty Long. He,
with his brother-in-law, Abe
Perry, and their young brides,
left northern Iowa in the 80’s to
make homes on homestead lands.
They landed at the headwaters
of the South Fork in southern
Holt county seven miles west of
Chambers and camped there for
a few days, but felt the urge to
go farther into the alluring west.
Striking out they got no farther
than the homestead of Mr. and
Mrs. White, parents of the three
brothers of that name still resid
ing in Wyoming precinct. They
were advised to stay in the coun
try and with the help of Mr.
White located homesteads. Mr.
Long says he did not have the
$14 for the filing fee, so he got a
job and' earned it, went to O’Neill
and made his homestead entry in
tho office of M. D. Long, a county
official with an office at that time
in the newly erected First Na
tional Bank building. That home
stead is now the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Link Sagaser. Mr. Long
sunk an artesian well on his
claim, built a sod house, broke
prairie to produce feed and food
and raised a family, as did other
pioneers, in the valley of the
South Fork. His wife died five
years ago and his children, all
born in this county, are now else
where, one son in the Army,
and one daughter who, with her
father, is spending the winter in
Atkinson. Among life’s wrong
moves, Mr. Long says when he
sold the homestead was about his
worst. Game birds darkened the
waters and hovered in the grass,
the dainty antelope loped away
to safety at the approach of dan
ger, long grass shimmered in
green waves, flowers scented the
air with fragrance and dotted the
prairie with color. The soul of the
pioneer was in the winds that
lashed across the1 land and he felt
his life being cast in the mold of
the wild freedom of the plains.
Prairie fires held a terror of wild
fury to all living. Mr. Long recalls
that on one occasion a fire was
sweeping down toward them with
Last Wednesday the Christian
world began observing the latest
Lenton period of the 20th cen
tury, because of an astronomical
condition occurring but once in
a hundred years.
Maude Bennot, director of the
Adler planetarium and astron
omical museum, said March 10
and April 25 are the latest pus- j
sible dates in the calendar on.
which Ash Wednesday and Eas
ter, respectively, may fall. The
last time Easter was this late was
in 1888, the next time will be
in 2038.
“The peculiar rules for select
ing Easter and Ash Wednesday
were made in 325 A. D„ at the
council of Christian churches at
Nicea in Asia Minor,” Miss Ben
not recalled. According to that
decision Easter falls on the first
Sunday after the 14th day of the
moon falling on or after the ver-;
nol equinox (first day of spring),
which this year is March 21.
The reason for basing the se
lection of Easter on the dates of!
the moon was that in the early
centuries of the Christian era, the
Pilgrims needed moonlight to
travel safely on their way to the
great yearly Easter festivals.
Explaining the mathematics of
Easter, Miss Bennot said the
moon which comes after the ver
nal equinox this year begins on
April 4. Fourteen days after that
date is April 18, which happens
to fall on a Sunday, and the next
Sunday after that is April 25, or
Once the Easter date is determ
ined, Ash Wednesday is found by
counting back 40 days the length
of Lent—not counting Sundays,
thus bringing this year’s date to
March 10.
If the March new moon, which
came on Saturday, March 6, had
fallen one day later, on the 7th,
Easter would have come on March
I 28, nearly a month earlier than
| it actually does. The 14th day
! would then have fallen on the
121st of the month, the vernal
equinox, and the next Sunday
thereafter would have been the
28th, or Easter.
Programs for the Project Club
Achievement Days at Chambers
on March 19, and at O’Neill on
March 20, were completed this
week. Either program, to which
all project club members and all
guests as well, are invited, prom
ises to be a very interesting event.
The afternoon programs in
clude music by the Chambers, At
kinson and O’Neill schools. The
appearance of Mrs. Guy Cole of
Emmet, county salvage director,
and Mrs. Ruth Rector of O’Neill,
will give those attending an op
portunity to learn of the latest
war activity programs. Newton
Gaines, from the Extension Serv
ice in Lincoln, will be present
with some interesting information
on rural community organization.
This year, for the first time, a
social hour will follow the after
noon program. Refreshments will
be served and this will give an
opportunity for viewing the ex
hibits and visiting. Guests are
particularly invited to this year’s
The deadline for ordering
Clarke-McNary seedlings through
the county agent’s office in
O’Neill is nearing. Shipments will
be started, if weather permits,
during the last part of March.
At this date 34,300 seedlings
have been ordered in Holt county.
This indicates continued interest
in tree planting. Supplies for sev
eral varieties of seedlings are ex
hausted. Trees yet available are
Chinese Elm, Russian Mulberry,
Russian Olive, Hackberry, Jack
Pine, and Red Cedar.
devouring flame before a high
wind and there seemed no way
of escape. When within a mile of
their abode, in an instant the
wind changed and blew from the
opposite direction and they were
safe. ‘‘I hear the tread of pio
neers,” a vision of the poet that
bloomed into realism, a realism
of covered wagons on the west
ward trek, now faded forever
from the American scene but en
shrined not only in the memory of
Shorty Long and his compatriots
but of those who followed after.
Mrs. Cecelia M. Dietsch
Mrs. Cecelia Dietsch died at the
O’Neill General Hospital last
Monday morning at 12:45 o’clock,
after an illness of about thirty
days, at the age of 55 years, seven
months and nineteen days. The
funeral was on held Wednesday
morning from St. Patrick’s church
at 10:15 o’clock, and burial in
Calvary cemetery.
Cecelia Mary Hipp was born in
Alsace Lorraine, Germany, on
July 26, 1887. She came to the
United States with her parents
when a young girl and they lo
cated near Roseland, Nebr. On
April 10, 1910, she was united in
marriage to Joseph S. Dietsch,
the ceremony beig performed at
Roseland. Four children were
born of this union, two sons and
two daughters. The children are:
Mrs. Emma Backman, Sioux City,
Iowa; Antone, Fordyce, Nebr.;
Corporal Frank Dietsch, U. S.
Army, Solomon Islands; Mrs.
Mary Schroeder, Wynot, Nebr.
Mrs. Backman and Mrs. Schroe
der were here for the funeral
services. Her son, Frank, is sick
at his home at Fordyce and was
unable to attend the funeral ser
vices. She is also survived by two
brothers and two sisters.
Mr. and Mrs. Dietsch came to
Holt county three years after
their marriage, in 1913, and lived
in the Mineola section of the
county. They lived there until
1920, when they moved to Cedar
county, Nebr. They resided in
Cedar county until the spring of
1936, when they came back to
this county and went back to
their old farm in the Mineola
country. Mrs. Dietsch was a
charming woman and had a host
of friends in the section of the
county where she resided who
were saddened to hear of her
death. She was a kind and loving
wife and mother, a good neigh
bor and a loyal friend.
Last week Congressman A. L.
Miller disclosed a letter he had
written to Secretary of Agricul
ture Claude R. Wickard, in which
the congressman asked Wickard
to “begin to represent the farmer
instead of dilly dallying as you
have been doing in the past. If
the agricultural department and
the other agencies dealing with
food and manpower,” Miller wrote
Wickard, “continue their inces
sant bungling of the problem, you
may be sure that on your door
step will be laid the result of a
million hungry stomachs.
“As a member of this congress
I expect to join those other men
who have complete co-operation
with the people at home and, by
Jove, when laws are passed by
the elected representatives of the
people they ought to be followed
by the bureaucrats and bureaus
which congress created in the
Congressman Miller said that
seventy-five closing out sales
had recently been held in his dist
rict because farmers were unable
to get skilled help, machinery, re
pairs, or a parity price for their
food and fiber.
“My suggestion to your depart
ment,” Miller went on, “is this,
that all restrictions be removed in
the raising of the crops for food
and fiber. That all subsidies be
eliminated when the farmer is
guaranteed a fair profit for the
crop he raises.
“I believe there should be a
ceiling over crops and there
should be a floor under the same
crops. Encouragement for plant
ing certain crops could be given
by raising the ceiling on that
crop. There should be a definite
loan value established, and this
could be raised in order to en
courage the farmer to raise an
additional amount of the crop
most needed.”
A new representative of the
O’Neill community has joined the
forces of the U. S. Navy, report
ing at the U. S. Naval Training
Station at Farragut, Idaho, this
week. He is Russell G. Simpson,
son of G. P. Simpson.
During the period of his recruit
training he will learn the funda
mentals of seamanship and un
dergo physical hardening in the
intensive program. On gradua
tion, he will either be sent to a
navy service school for additional
training in a specialized field or
ordered to join the combat forces
of the U. S. fleet in action against
the axis enemies.
Thousands of Nebraska 4-H
Club boys and girls will wage
important attacks on two major
war-time shortages, meat and la
or, as they compete for many val
uable awards offered in a new
statewide “Food for Freedom”
program sponsored by Ak-Sar
Ben in co-operation with the
State 4-H Club office.
Inaugurated! by Ak-Sar-Ben last
year as part Of extensive war ac
tivities, the 4-lB freedom food pro
duction program has been revised
for 1943 to iflclude requirements
which will help provide much
needed farm*' labor as well as
boost production of meat, dairy
and garden products, grain, can
ned fruits and vegetables. The op
portunity to jqualify for awards
through hours spent in farm labor
is included for the first time this
From among club members at
taining one or more goals, county
champions will be selected by a
4-H committee. Primary consid
eration will be giverv to food pro
duction and the efficient use of
labor. Champions will compete
for special prizes, including five
club-week trips to Lincoln with
all expenses paid, 25 club-week
and 30 conservation camp regis
trations. Ak-Sar-Ben will finance
all trips and also provide certifi
cates of merit to all who qualify
in one or more units. The com
plete list of production quotas
was announced by W. D. Lane,
chairman of Ak-Sar-Ben’s war
activities, as follows:
Render 400 hours of labor in
the war activity project; or plant
at least 2000 square feet of gar
den, or produce food materials of
not less than $25 in value for any
part of the year-round food sup
plies; or
Can 100 quarts of home-grown
fruits and vegetables; or market
2000 pounds of beef or raise 2000
pounds of pork; or produce 5000
pounds of milk or 200 pounds of
butterfat; or care for sugar beets
producing 5500 pounds of sugar;
or produce 5000 pounds of soy
beans or flax, or 10,000 pounds of
corn, small grains or sorghum.
Hundreds of club members re
siding in 45 counties in every sec
tion of Nebraska won awards in
the program last year. It was so
successful that Ak-Sar-Ben was
asked by 4-H officials to continue
it through 1943, with revisions to
meet changing war-time needs,
Lane explained.
The “Food for Freedom” pro
gram is entirely separate from the
annual Ak-Sar-Ben Gold Medal
Award, presented to the outstand
ing 4-H club member in each
county of Nebraska and western
Iowa, Lane said. More than sixty
gold medals have been presented
for 1942 achievement, he added.
Drive For Infantile
Paralysis Funds Was
Success In County
Regardless of the criticism of
fered on having parties and
friendly gatherings in connection
with jraising money1 for charitable
affairs, we feel it has been worth
while, and here are the returns
from all over Holt county on our
drive for infantile paralysis funds.
I would like to mention Jim
White, an Atkinson high school
boys, who, we understand, spon
sored a dance in that town for
the fund which netted $70.00.
Thanks, Jim.
School children throughout the
county were very good in their
responses where the little envel
opes were given out and they had
a chance to use them. Thanks to
the teachers who gave their time
and to everyone else whose efforts
helped to make this a success.
Stuart_$ 40.00
Atkinson ___106.47
Bridge Club, Page_ 6.00
Amelia_ 5.18
Dorsey .. 9.00
Scottville _ 8.45
O’Neill Sale Barn 26.00
Ewing Sale Barn_75.00
Atkinson Sale Barn 28.00
O’Neill Card Party 121.41
Stanley Lambert, basket
social at his school 10.00
LaVern Borg, goose sold 40.70
Madolyn Hynes and
Theresa Theile Parks 26.25
Theatres . 52.99
Schools 230.01
Total net $785.46
Mrs. Ruth Rector, Chm., Holt
County Infantile Paralysis Drive.
Technical Sergeant Leroy Hart
ford of Camp VanDorn, Miss., is
here visiting his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. George Hartford, and other
relatives and friends.
... _
The daily press carried an artic
le the first of the week that Clin
ton Uttley had been sworn in as
First Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral of the United States. Clinton
is a native of O'Neill, being a son
of the late H. M. Uttley. His
last visit to this city was to at
tend the funeral of his father,!
some eight or ten years ago. At
that time he was an inspector for.
the Postoffice department and
was stationed in California.
There is a continued growing
shortage of white corn due to the
heavy commercial market de
mand for milling and manufac
turing of white corn into food
stuffs. Every indication points to
the flow of white corn being in
a tight position right through to
next November.
Farmers fortunate enough to
have a stock of white corn still
on hand will do well to consider
I shipping every bushel to the com
mercial market, taking advantage
of the commanding premiums be
ing paid for white over yellow.
Farmers can then turn around
and buy yellow com or govern
ment-owned wheat for feeding.
The difference in price between
the sale price of white corn and
the purchase of either yellow or
government-owned wheat will net
them a nice profit.
This is one way to make com
pay a double profit . . . first, by
growing white corn which has
I averaged \AVzc a bushel more
; than yellow on the Chicago mar
ket from October, 1941, to Octo
' ber, 1942, according to govern
ment figures . . . second by sell
! ing white corn on the commercial
market, replacing with yellow
i corn oi4 government-owned wheat
for feeding requirements,
j Elevators throughout the corn
j belt know that the white corn ac
! reage in recent years has not kept
pace with the increase in demand
j in the commercial market for food
purposes. There is no carryover
of white corn at the present time.
In fact, there is an actual short
age. This is the reason every far
mer would do well to consider
selling his white corn, not only
j because of the opportunity to
make a profit from the sale, but
also because of the extreme need
for food made from white corn.
Full co-operation with the ad
ministration in its program to
stamp out black markets in meat
was urged late last week by Sen
ator Wherry, of Nebraska, but he
expressed the fear that “it is too
late” and that control of prices
of livestock on the hoof may be
i “the only way out.” He empha
sized, however, that he is in favor
of trying all other avenues of con
trol first, “because coming from a
heavy livestock producing area
of the nation, I want the pro
ducer to get all he can.
“It is becoming more evident
each day that the administration’s
policy of enforcing price ceilings
on the retailer-customer end of
the line is facing a partial, if not
| complete breakdown. The most
J striking example is found in the
distribution of meats. In attempt
: ing to drive out the mushroom
: growth of the meat black mar
kets, the administration has fran
tically put into effect a four-point
“(1) Rationing of meat; (2) en
forcement of retail price ceilings
through an army of civilians; (3)
publicity to encourage the citizen
to buy meat only at inspected
meat markets; and (4) the wiping
out of black markets through
government enforcement.”
Wherry said the administration
should be given a chance to work
out this program, “although the
public is becoming fed up on an
army of snoopers, who in some
instances have unwarrantedly vic
timized retail and wholesale dis
tributors of meats by misrepre
Senator Wherry has been nam
ed to a special joint senate-house
small business subcommittee to
investigate the meat situation ful
ly as it relates to the small pack
ers, nearly 40 percent of whom,
he says, “have gone out or are
shortly going out of business.”
Mary Beth Douglas of Norfolk
visited friends here last Saturday.
Mrs. Jacob Hirsch
Mrs. Jacob Busch died at her
home northeast of O’Neill last
Tuesday, from a heart attack, at
the age of 76 years and two days. I
The funeral will be held Friday
morning at 10 o’clock from St.
Patrick’s church and burial in'
Calvary cemetery.
Mrs. Hirsch had been enjoying
good health and the Sunday be
fore her death had celebrated
her seventy-sixth birthday Tues
day morning her husband got up
at the usual hour and started the
kitchen fire and then went out
and took care of his chores, then
returned to the house, as was his
custom, for breakfast. Mrs. Hirsch
was not up and he went into the
bedroom and found that she had
passed away.
Annie Laura Stone was born in
England on March 14, 1867. The
family came to the United States
when she was a little girl and
settled in Iowa, and on March 4,
1889, she was united in marriage
to Jacob Hirsch, the ceremony be
ing performed at Odebolt, Iowa, i
Eight children were born of this
union, five sons and three daugh
ters. The children are: Mrs. Ger
trude Miller, Wichita, Kan.; Earl
S., Cleveland, Ohio; Lloyd R.,
Omaha, Nebr.; Mrs. Hilda Reefe,
Dayton, Ohio; Linus, Greybull,
Wyo.; Mrs. Ina Culkin, Omaha,
Nebr.; Cyril, Louisville, Nebr.;
George F., Dayton, Ohio, all of
whom are expected to be here for
the funeral services. She is also
survived by three brothers and
two sisters.
Mr. and Mrs. Hirsch came to
Holt county in the spring of 1906,
and ever since then she had been
a resident of the county. On their
arrival here they purchased the
farm northeast of this city which
had been her home ever since
they came to the county. Mrs.
Hirsch was a splendid wife and
mother and her sudden death is
a severe shock to her family and
many friends in this city and
The Red Cross War Drive will
be conducted throughout the na
tion during the month of March
to raise funds to carry out war
activities. Holt county’s share has
been set at $7,500, with the share
for O’Neill and vicinity amount
ing to $3,000. Collectors will make
the local canvass during the next
Ail citizens of this country are
familiar with the activities of the
Red Cross. At the time of catas
trophe or disaster the Red Cross
comes to the aid and rescue of
the unfortunate. Men who were
in World War I remember well
the wonderful work of the Red
This brings us up to the present
time when almost all of the young
men of this community have been
taken from our midst. A glance
at the pictures in the window
of the Consumers Public Power
Company will show how many
have gone from this locality.
Handsome, eager youngsters, the
cream of the land, looking for
j ward to the great adventure. Lat
er they will face the grim reali
ties of war. There will be blood
shed, suffering, even death. Who
| will stand by our loved ones
at such a time? The gentle, friend
ly, kind Red Cross nurses will be
on all fronts to care for and bring
comfort to our own boys.
The people of O'Neill and vi
cinity will contribute generously
to this cause. It is the best we
can do for our very own. Dig
down deep in the old purse when
the solicitors come. Give three,
yes, ten times as much as you
ever gave before. Stand by our
fighting men by donating to the
Red Cross.
County Court
Dave Conard was arrested by
Patrolman Meistrel on March 15,
and charged with having delin-1
quent license plates. He pled
guilty and was fined $1.00 and
costs of $3.10.
Alfred Erickson, of Naper, was
arrested by Patrolman Meistrel on
March 15, and charged with hav
ing delinquent license plates. He
pled guilty and was fined $1.00
and costs of $3.10.
Russell Carr, of Atkinson, was
arrested on March 15 by Patrol
man Meistrel and charged with
having delinquent license plates.
He pled guilty and was fined $1
and costs of $3.10.
Bob Denny, of Stanton, was ar
rested on March 8 and charged
with having no brand inspection
certificate. He was fined $5.00
and costs of $3.10.
Ten Were On Plane, Three
Officers Killed; Six Of
Crew Badly Injured
Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Wolfe re
ceived word fropi military auth
orities at Clovis Field, New Mex
ico, about noon Wednesday that
their son, Sergeant Maxwell
Wolfe had been killed that morn
ing in the crash of a bomber
plane near there. They wired
back to Clovis Field to ship the
body to O’Neill for burial, but
I had received no reply up to noon
today, but the body will undoubt
edly be shipped here.
According to radio announce
ment at noon today Maxwell was
i a member of the bombing crew
on a bomber plane, which carried
three officers and seven enlisted
men. According to the noon re
port the three offiers and one en
listed man, Maxwell, were killed,
while six escaped without seri
ous injuries.
Sergeant Wolfe had been in the
armed forces since July, 1942. He
was a rear bomber in the bomber
plane, which was on a routine
flight. He was 22 years of age. He
is the first O’Neill boy to lose his
life in defense of his country in
World War II. He was a quiet
and unassuming young man and
had a host of friends in this city
and Holt county, who will regret
to learn of his death. The family
and relatives of the deceased
have the sincere sympathy of
their many friends in this city
and county in their bereavement.
- ..
Mrs. Clarence France, O’Neill,
suffered a broken ankle, back and
other injuries when she lost con
trol of her automobile, presum
ably from a flat tire, and her car
rolled over four times four miles
south of Madison, on Highway 81,
about 7 o’clock last Sunday morn
ing. A Taylor family, driving
north to a funeral, found Mrs.
France about forty-five minutes
later and called the George De
laere home nearby. Dr. H. R.
Bruce, Sheriff Aaron Henry and
the Ressigue ambulance of Madi
son were summoned.
Mrs. France was taken to a
hospital at Norfolk, and her hus
j band, an employe of the Consum
ers Public Power District, sum
moned. Mrs. France was travel
ing alone from Seward, her for
mer home, to O’Neill at the time
of the crash.—Norfolk News.
F. J. Brady, State Tax
Commissioner, Resigns
Frank J. Brady, who has been
State Tax Commissioner since
January, 1941, last Tuesday ten
dered his resignation to Governor
Griswold, effective on April 1st,
After his resignation Brady ac
cused the legislature of not co
operating with him in passing
laws that he deemed desirable for
the proper conduct of the office.
One of the bills that he was es
pecially interested in was 16,
which done away with precinct
assessors and gave considerable
more power to the State Tax
Commissioner than he has under
the present laws of the state. This
bill was indefinitely postponed.
Mr. Brady says that he is going
to return to his home in Atkin
son and look after his business
Sam Lofquest, of the Cleveland
Sow and Litter 4-H Club, was
notified this week that he was
awarded a complimentary trip to
the Nebraska 4-H Club Week to
be held in Lincoln on May 24th.
This award was made by the
Sioux City Stock Yards Company
to the outstanding boys and girls
in 4-H pig clubs in the state. The
past record exhibited by this boy
places him among the ranking
4-H club members of Holt county
and Nebraska.
The Weather
March 12__40 15
March 13_50 29
March 14 _59 34
March 15_43 22
March 16_22 1
March 17 _„.19 2
March 18_29 10
Precipitation .04.