The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, August 20, 1942, Image 6

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Consolidated Features.—WNU Release.
NEW YORK —Harold McCracken,
explorer for the American Mu
seum of Natural History, says Japa
nese in the Aleutians are just like
Germans in
Jap» in Aleutians Florida, and
Must Be Bayoneted he sayg tur*
Out, Not Bombed
that we can t
bomb them out. They can hole up
like gophers in the native huts, and
in Mr. McCracken's view must be
"chased with bayonets into the
Bering sea,” if we are to dislodge
them at all.
This should qualify as expert tes
timony. Mr. McCracken knows the
Aleutians. In July, 1928, heading
the Stoll-McCracken expedition, he
unearthed a sarcophagus, on top of
an almost inaccessible Aleutian rock
islet, containing the mummies of
three adults and a child. This cul
minated his 11-year search for stone
age remains along the Aleutian
As an archeologist and explorer,
the author of a number of books,
he has studiously pieced out the his
toric jig-saw puzzle of his various
findings and taken due account of
their bearing on war and peace and
the present and future of mankind.
In 1934, he elaborated a plan for an
"international grand jury” to end
war which, in some aspects, was
the first of several suggestions for
fusing individual interests, across
national boundaries, rather than
grouping sovereign nations. More
pertinent to his current observation
is his previous conclusion that the
Japanese invasion of the Aleutians
was long planned and carefully pre
Mr. McCracken, a lean, gentle
man with horn-rimmed spec
tacles, doesn’t look like a man
who has killed about 20 Kodiak
grlssly bears, but he has, and
such encounters are a minor de
tail of his desperate adventures
in shipwrecks, blistards and
lonely treks In the frozen wilder
It was in 1915 that he first went
to Alaska, heading an expedition for
Ohio State university, his alma
mater. In 1919 and 1920, he placered
pay dirt on the Alaska peninsula,
and into 1922-23 headed up a moving
picture expedition, again for Ohio
State university, to film big game.
This led him into the production of
travel and documentary films.
/~\NE of our first stories, as a be
ginning reporter in Chicago,
was a rock and sock fight between
some Jugoslavs and another Balkan
, group, down
Mikhailovitch around the
Still in There Hegewisch
Socking the Axis ^
Slavs were outnumbered but they
They were more versatile than
the opposition, better in knee and
elbow work, and could land a chunk
of slag or a slug of pig-iron on an
exposed skull with skill and author
ity. Their own skulls seemed
strangely resistant to such missiles.
As to the fight, they seemed
to enjoy it, and when it was over
act up a patriotic song which
ranged far over the slag heaps
and far into the night.
It would be nice to recall that the
defeated challengers were Italians,
but they weren’t and that good news
has been held for another day.
The Jugoslav guerrillas, 16 bat
talions of them, are chasing the
Italians out of the former province
of Bosnia. At the time of the Axis
attack on Jugoslavia, we recalled
that Hegewisch battle and would
■have made*a bet with any taker
that something like that would hap
pen. In the above and other en
counters we have noted that in fight
ing the Jugoslavs seem to have their
mind on their work more than any
other combatants. And, again, they
seem to enjoy it.
His flaring black mountaineer's
mustache has become a gonfalon
of hope to those who want to believe
that victory may be won by a stout
heart and not necessarily by the
biggest tanks. It is reported that
3,000 Italians have been captured
or killed in the last two weeks and
that the general's forces have now
wrested 11,000 square miles from
the Axis. They didn't try to make
their second front a jug-handled
The rocky-faced General Mikhailo
vitch, a colonel -of artillery several
years before the war, came out of
the First World war with a strong
distaste for the German military
When the blitzkrieg hit, he was
invited to join officials and army
leaders in a plane flight to Cairo.
He said he had another engagement,
went back to the mountains and
emerged with a few hundred of his
hard-rock boys, started savage
forays and later worked them into
carefully planned and operated mili
tary actions.
It’s a Good Morning With Flapjacks in Syrup!
(See Recipes Below.)
Breakfast Time
Whether you wake to the crowing
of the rooster or the jingle of an
alarm clock, it’s
a signal to be up
and about seeing
to the day’s work.
But first! A
hearty breakfast
is in order so that
the system can
get started on its
day’s routine in
the proper form.
No matter wheth
er it’s for the
head of the fam
ily going off to
the defense plant,
daughter on her
way to the nurses’ aid class, moth
er or the youngsters, no one should
skip blithely over this meal of the
For years doctors and dieticians
have looked askance at those who
passed up a real up-and-at-them
breakfast because it doesn’t give
the body a chance to start func
tioning early in the day. If you're
fat, you need fruit-egg-toast-and
beverage breakfasts to start your
metabolism working at top speed to
■tart tearing down of excess tissues.
If you're thin, then you need just
■s much of a breakfast with a few
more trimmings, to start building
yourself. If you're normal, you still
need the hearty breakfast so you
can maintain your health and give
your body its daily nutritional re
quirements. And one of the best
recommendations for a real break
fast is the good way it starts you
on your day’s work. None of that
drowsy, it's-hard-to-wake-up-in-the
morning feeling. No, Ma'am!
Hardest thing about breakfasts is
that it’s easy to get into a rut by
serving the same ,
foods morning aft
er morning. This
is rather strange,
considering how
much time and
effort is spent on
getting variety
into the other two-squares a day.
Well, why not variety for breakfast?
You can have this variety in fruit.
Yes, I know you like Juice pretty
well, but you’ll get out of the morn
ing doldrums quickly enough if you
punctuate the breakfast with favor
ite fruits-in-season, other fruit juices
and some of those canned fruits you
put up during the summer months.
Toast? If you insist on toast, try
using whole wheat, rye, raisin,
cracked wheat, etc. Naturally, the
bread should be enriched so you'll
get the most out of toast. And then
there are all sorts of hot breads
that will send the family cheering
oft to work—blueberry muffins, pe
can rolls, muffins, and flapjacks!
Eggs in all manner of ways are
a good standby. Poached, fried, cod
dled, baked, scrambled, a la golden
rod, or combined with ham, sizzlin’
Lynn Says:
Tips for Breakfast Fruits:
You’re going to be a little short
on sugar so do the most with
what you have. A little salt in
cooked fruit or sprinkled on such
things as melons brings out true
fruit flavor, requires less sugar.
Lemon or lime juice with mel
on enhances the natural sweet
j ness. Try it.
Orange juice, chilled before the
fruit is squeezed, is an excellent
pep-you-up. Let the sugar stand
on grapefruit a while (while the
coffee percolates) and the sugar
will melt and go further. Try
eating fruit or juice first, but sav
ing half to finish off your break
fast—it will leave a fresh taste
in your mouth.
Fruit stewed should have sugar
added after it is stewed, with a
pinch of salt. You won’t need
as much sweetening, this way.
Cook dried fruits with a slice
of lemon or orange. These citrus
fruits have an affinity with dried
apricots, peaches, prunes and ap
This Sunday’s Breakfast
Sliced Peaches ig„Orange Juice
•Feather-Fluff Griddle Cakes
Poached Eggs
Maple Syrup
•Recipe Given
sausage or crisp brown bacon—
there you have a week's ideas.
The Cereals.
At least one serving of cereals is
the nutrition requirement for the
day. This is most easily served at
breakfast, with cream and sugar and
perhaps a few slices of fresh fruit
or berries. Ready-prepared cereals
are delightful, especially in the
warmer weather — they're crisp,
light, and nutritious. Recently some
of the prepared cereals have been
scientifically restored so they have
all the whole-grain richness and nu
tritive value in them.
Light as down flapjacks are a wel
come sight at breakfast! Try these:
•Feather Fluff Griddle Cakes.
(Makes about 18 cakes)
2 eggs, well beaten
2 cups rich sour milk or buttermilk
1H cups white flour
Vk cup prepared pancake flour
1 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon baking powder
Have all ingredients at room tem
perature. Sift dry ingredients thor
oughly. Add milk to eggs. Gradu
ally stir in dry ingredients. Stir
just enough to make a smooth bat
ter. Cook on ungreased griddle. Try
out one cake and if batter is too
thick, add a little more milk.
Fried eggs are good to serve with
these griddle cakes. Fry them thus:
Slip eggs into a scant Vk inch layer
of moderately hot fat. Cook at mod
erate heat, dipping fat over eggs to
cook to desired doneness. Turn, if
desired. Serve at once on warmed
Sunday Breakfast.
Place sausage links in a frying
pan, add a small amount of water.
jjo not pricK the
skins. Cover and
let steam 5 min
utes, then drain.
Cook over slow
heat, add 3 table
spoons of peach
juice to 8 sau
sages and let brown. Serve with
poached eggs on top of toasted Eng
lish muffins. Red currant jelly or
golden peach jam makes a delecta
ble dish.
If >«u’ve never tried old-fashioned
scrapple, you have a real treat a
comin’ to you:
Pork Sausage Scrapple.
(Serves 6 to 8)
2 cups cornmeal
4 cups boiling, salted water
1 pound sausage, In bulk
Cook cornmeal in rapidly boiling
salted water, and add sausage to
mixture. Blend thoroughly. Rinse
a loaf pan with cold water and pack
in hot scrapple. Let stand in ice
box overnight, covered with waxed
paper. Dip in beaten egg and fry
until golden brown. Serve with
spiced applesauce, cranberry sauce
or maple syrup.
A variation of the ham ’n’ eggs
theme is this:
Frivolettes With Ham.
(Serves 6)
6 hard-cooked eggs, remove yolks
4 tablespoons grated cheese
1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
Salt and pepper
Melted butter
Mash yolks and mix with cheese,
butter, seasonings. Refill whites.
Press together. Pour a rich cream
sauce over them and sprinkle but
tered crumbs over them. Brown a
few minutes in a hot oven. Serve
on browned circles of ham.
H hat are your food problems? Cake
making? Bread making? Pickles, jams,
jellies? Children s lunches? Miss Lynn
Chambers will be glad to give you ex
pert advice on your particular prob
lem, if you write her explaining what
you uant to know, at If extern News
paper Union, 210 South Uesplaines
■ Street, Chicago, III. Please enclose a
stamped, addressed envelope for your
tit leased by Wcsiern Newspaper Uoion.
Revitwtd by
Sub Chasers Instead of
More Ships? . . . If hat
About Over-Optimism
Concerning the W ar?
Bell Syndicate—WNU Features.
WASHINGTON. — Cancellation of
the contract for a new shipyard near .
New Orleans has been distorted by !
some persons into a belief that the
administration is figuring on a short
war. The explanation given by the
Maritime commission—that the steel
a new yard would require is needed
for other war purposes—is correct
As a matter of fact the starting
of aluminum plant in New York, j
which is not expected to get into
production for a year, is the best
answer. New York is far from an
ideal site for any war plant—too con
venient for a surprise bombing at
tack. However, there was another
consideration which entered into this
decision. Unemployment in New
York city has become a problem,
and the government wanted to do
something about it.
Adding one more plant would not
greatly complicate the bombing
risk. It is frankly admitted that
bombs dropped anywhere around
New York would do plenty of dollar
damage, and, in entirely too many
locations, war damage as well.
Folks are accustomed to mag
azine articles telling what big
bombs would do to the New
York skyscrapers. Actually the
government would infinitely pre
fer the destruction of half a
dozen of them to 10 per cent of
that dollar damage In other
New York areas, where plants
are turning out badly needed
war material.
Safe From Bombing
Fortunately, most of the alumi
num plants of the country are locat
ed in spots as safe from bombing as
though they had been planned for
war conditions, which they definite
ly were not. But the whole situa
tion of war production has developed
to a point where safety from bomb
ing is not the most important con
The No. 1 requisite now has be
come human transportation—that is,
the selection of a site convenient to
a large supply of labor.
Cancellation of the ship yard
contract, however, is a straw in
a more Important direction so
far as war policy is concerned
than either the location of plants
or guesses as to the duration of
the war. It indicates that the
group which has been advocat
ing more submarine chasers in
stead of more submarine tar
gets has scored.
It has been known for months that
Harry Hopkins, closest person to the
President, was favorably impressed
with the idea of building more cor
vettes, destroyers and other PTs to
combat the submarines rather than
putting additional steel—over esti
mates already approved—into more
The idea here Is that if our
forces sink one submarine we
have saved an indefinite number
of merchant ships.
• • *
War Situation on
8 Fronts Critical
High administration officials are
worried about what they regard as
the excessive optimism of the people
generally with respect to the war.
The war, they tell you privately, is
not going well.
The situation on eight different
fronts is critical.
These are:
1. Russia—specifically the Nazis
drive toward the Caucasus.
2. Shipping—because enemy sub
marines are actually increasing in
number, and because ship sinkings
exceed new construction, and have
for some time.
3. The North Pacific—where
the Japanese landings on the
Aleutians seem to cause more
worry than newspaper articles
4. North Africa—where no one
knows when Rommel may begin an
other successful offensive threaten
ing Alexandria and the Suez canal.
5. China—where the Japanese are
making the possible air bases for at
tack against Nippon more and more
distant from their hoped-for targets.
6. The Southwest Pacific—where
the Japanese, despite occasional
losses, are steadily increasing the
efficiency of a possible springboard
against Australia.
7. Burma—from which an attack
on India can be launched whenever
the Japanese desire.
8. Murmansk—which is in con
stant danger from German air at
In every one of these theaters of
war, which are not listed here in the
order of their importance, the situa
tion is menacing. !;, no one of them
is there any re; ,on for the well
informed Unitei* Nations military
observer to take any comfort. There
is not one of the eight which might
not suddenly boil over into a tragedy
for our side.
Cut Your Fuel Wood
During Slack Periods
Release Transportation,
Improve Forests That Way
(Extension Forester, University ol Illinois
College of Agriculture.)
Woodland owners can release
transportation for war purposes by
burning their own wood and supply
ing wood for similar use in towns
and cities.
Fuel-wood cutting according to a
definite plan to correct poor forest
conditions resulting from mistakes
of the past is suggested.
Fuel wood can be obtained
from misshapen trees, dead and
insect-ridden trees, other cull
trees, from tops of trees cut for
saw logs and from suppressed
or unthrifty trees cut in thin
ning or woodland improvement
Trees suitable for lumber, veneer
logs, box bolts or other special prod
ucts should not be taken for fuel.
Large Quantities of oak are needed
for ships, hickory and ash for han
dles and lumber and pulpwood for
other war industries.
These products can be obtained
only from well-formed trees, and cut
ting them for fuel is a waste of
valuable resources.
During Slack Periods.
Fuel wood can be harvested dur
ing slack periods on the farm, but
some time must be allowed for sea
soning. Cutting should also be
planned to promote a better stand
of thrifty growing timber by remov
ing “wolf” and "weed” trees.
For seasoning, the wood should be
stacked, not heaped, on bed pieces
over dry ground, and preferably in
an open yard to get greatest air cir
culation. Fuel wood burns more ef
ficiently and yields much more heat
when it has dried at least six
Labor-Saving Tips
Farmers will have to work
more hours to reach their 1942
production goals unless they adopt
electricity as a labor-saving de
vice, just as tractors are being
used to speed up field work.
It has already been demon
strated that much labor can be
saved at a lit
tle expense in
the use of elec
tricity for
lights, for put
ting water un- j
der pressure, j
for processing
and handling
feeds, for electric fencing and for
operating milking machines and
brooding pigs and chicks.
Electricity will play an impor
tant part in making the develop
ment of rural industries possible.
On farms where secondary agri
cultural production is not prac
ticed, the extra time resulting
from the present system of mech
anized farming may be used to
advantage in the shop operat
ing a wood lathe or other wood
working equipment, or on an elec
tric welder making some part or
a complete item of commercial
Vegetable Insect Control
Is Not a Difficult Task
Follow a few simple rules and con
trol of vegetable insects is not dif
A duster may be obtained for a
dollar up, but one may be made at
home with a tin can, a stick and a
piece of cheese cloth. Ask the coun
ty extension agents how it’s done.
Next, have ready a supply of in
secticides for use at the first sign of
insect injury. These are cryolite
for control of bean beetles, cucum
ber beetles, cabbage worms and oth
er insects which feed upon the fruit
and foliage of the plants; rotenone
and sulphur to control tomato fruit
worm, flea beetles, plant lice and
leaf hoppers; and concentrated py
rethrum dust for squash bugs, stink
bugs, and harlequin cabbage bugs.
Watch the garden for the first sign
of injury and dust both sides of
Apply poison bait late in the after
noon for control of cut worms,
grasshoppers and adult wingless
May beetle, or June bug. Poison
bait also will control mole crickets
which frequent sandy soils.
A bait made of cryolite, finely
chopped carrots or turnips and wheat
bran will control the adult weevil.
Agricultural Notes
Adequate curing of the hay crop
reduces the danger of a barn fire.
• • •
Government purchases now take
four-tenths of all pork and seven
tenths of all lard produced in fed
erally inspected packing plants.
* • •
Last year’s shoe production fig
ures smashed all past records, and
came within 7,000,000 pairs of the
500,000,000-mark, with an even great
er output scheduled for 1942.
—But War Bonds—
tpVERYONE knows that quick
meals in the kitchen save time,
but it was both time and space
that had to be saved in this kitch
en where breakfasts were eaten on
the run and the children had but
a few minutes for lunch. The
problem was solved by building a
16-inch-wide counter tinder a win
dow and then making simple
stools to be slipped under it when
not in use. The dimensions and
construction of the stools are
shown here. A saw, a screw driv
er and a wood chisel are the only
tools that were used.
The stools were painted cream
color to match the woodwork and
the counter was covered with
Dangerous Low Notes
The lowest notes on the pipe or
gans in many European cathe
drals are rarely played because it
is feared that the intense vibra
tions might shatter the stained
glass windows.
blue linoleum like the floor cover
ing. Cream colored place mats,
napkins and window curtains em
broidered in colorful Mexican fig
ures were then added to give a
smart note of gaiety.
* • •
NOTE: These curtains, mats and nap
kins were made of flour bags and the gayi
figures tell a story of life down Mexico
way. A flower seller: a peon on his burro;!
a Caballero with his guitar; a man lead
ing a pig to market, and girls carrying
jugs and baskets on their heads are all
worked in simple outline stitch. Trans
fer pattern including enough figures for
six mats, six napkins, borders for one
pair of curtains and extra figures for
several pot holders, is available to our
readers. You will find directions also for
many other fascinating things to make in
Mrs. Spears Book 7. Send order direct to:
Bedford Hills New York
Drawer 10
Enclose 10 cents for Book No. 7 and
IS cents for pattern.
Name .
Address .
Motorist’s Prayer
The following prayer, written by
Dr. Frederic S. Fleming, rector
of Trinity church, New York,
should prove valuable for all
“Grant me a steady hand and.
watchful eye, that no man shall be
hurt when I pass by. Thou gavest
life, and I pray no act of mine,
may take away or mar that gift
of Thine. Shelter those, dear
Lord, who bear me company from
the evils of fire and all calamity.
Teach me to use my car for oth
ers’ need, nor miss through love of
speed the beauties of Thy world;
that thus I may with joy and cour
tesy go on my way.”
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floe roll-your
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pocket can of
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