Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 20, 1941)
Steeds for Manhattan Mounties
Every year the Mew York police department buys 28 horses to
replace that number retired from the four hundred that make up
the “cop cavalryThese horses are as nearly alike as the buyer can
get them. Age 4 to 8 years; geldings of between 1,000 and 1,250
pounds and between 153 and 163 hands high. Color must be bay
(don't ask why). These photos, made at the remount depot, show
principal stages in the training of police horses.
Sergeant Gannon and an assistant are putting the rookie horse
through a lesson in control here.
Taking a high barrier all on his own. Riderless horses are put
through their pares to accustom them to obey the spoken command.
Sacks of sawdust represent people in a mob. At left a rookie
horse is being faced into a "mob.” When trained this horse will
know how to nudge people out of the way without hurting them.
Right: The sltrill thrill of a police ivhistle gives the ordinary horse
a turn, but the police horse is taught to disregard it.
Ready for Four Horsemen, this quartet of rookie police horses
ij near the end of their training grind.
Tco Much Proof
By JAMES FREEMAN
(Associated Newspaper*—WNU Service.)
OFFICER MIKE STROM had
left his beat and was on his
way home when the clamor
of the City National bank’s
burglar alarm brought him up short.
It was early in the morning and
the streets were almost deserted.
Mike glanced toward the police
alarm box a half block away and
decided it was too far. He began
running toward the bank, reaching
for the service gun in its holster.
He was within a hundred yards of
the bank when the machine gun be
gan to rattle.
Policeman Strom crumpled up,
clutching his abdomen He gasped
and rolled back to the sidewalk
and suddenly lay still, a look of mor
tal agony on his face.
The town was suddenly still. No
one seemed able to grasp exactly
what was happening. The machine
gun stopped its staccato patter and
the bonging burglar alarm contin
ued to shrill in the bright, still air.
Across the way a man shouted in
coherently. The shout was taken
up by others and added to by the
hysterical scream of a woman.
Someone darted into a nearby store
and asked the frightened clerk to
lend him a gun. The clerk stared
bewilderingly and dumbly shook his
Outside, across the street, two
men had stepped through the bank
door and were descending the steps.
One of them held a sub-machine gun
under his arm. The other carried a
heavy canvas bag. They moved
quick and alert toward the black
sedan which waited at the curb,
with engine idling and a driver at
Spectators shook off the spell that
had held them in its grim clutches
as the sedan roared down the street.
They shouted and gestured and be
gan to mill about. Some distance
away the black sedan had slowed
for a corner, and as it turned into a
deserted side street, a policeman ap
peared on the curb.
A series of orange lances streamed
from the sedan’s interior. The
policeman stumbled back against
the brick wall of a building, slid
slowly to the sidewalk with blood
staining his jacket.
. . . During the week that followed
the bank robbery and double mur
der at Colton, at least thirty sus
pects were taken into custody, ques
Policeman Strom crumpled up,
gasped and rolled back to the side
walk and suddenly lay still.
tioned, placed In lineups and even
tually set free. Police were harshly
criticized by an enraged public.
Editorial writers were frank in their
comment. Bank officials all over
the country held board meetings and
voted to install all sorts of new and
modern burglar equipment.
For nearly another week the Col
ton event held a prominent position
on the front page of the newspapers.
Then, because there were no new
angles on which to comment, the
story slipped to the inside pages,
finally vanished entirely.
Three weeks and two days after
the holdup, Inspector Frank Hayes
and his chief aide. Detective Ray
Wilson, entered a Lancaster hotel
and approached a young man seated
in a corner of the lobby. The young
man was reading a newspaper, and
when Hayes touched him on the arm
he looked up casually and smiled.
"Hello, Nerdon,” said Hayes eas
ily. “Know me? Hayes from police
headquarters. You’re under ar
"What for?” The young man laid
aside his newspaper and slowly got
to his feet. The smile was still or.
Hayes smiled, too, because he
knew this Victor Nerdon from past
experience. "Shall we go up to your
room and talk, or do you want to
answer my questions here?”
The young man nodded. "Let's go
up. You haven’t anything on me,
Hayes. I’d rather these folks didn’t
get the idea I was under suspicion."
There was an air of total con
fidence about Victor Nerdon as he
walked toward the elevator. His
smile increased a little when two
policemen joined them before they
were whisked above.
Nerdon unlocked the bedroom door
and one of the officers went in first.
There was a man sitting near a
window reading. He looked up
curiously when they entered, ex
i changed questioning glances with
Hayes nodded. "Hello, Ernie. Get
ready to leave. You and Victor are
wanted for the Colton job.”
"Don’t talk foolishness, Hayes. Do
you think we’d be fools enough to
hang around here if we pulled that
"I think you’re smart enough to
roost right under our noses,” Hayes
replied sharply. "Boys, search the
The two officers went about the
business of searching. Nerdon and
Ernie Redmond reclined easily,
smoked cigarettes and smiled. Their
airs of assurance, Hayes knew, were
designed to be upsetting, which in
deed they were, though not for a
single instant did he permit this
tact to show in expression or word.
The search revealed, besides per
sonal belongings, about $2,000 in
cash. No weapons were uncovered,
no evidence that would connect the
youths with the Colton affair other
than the money. But the money,
Hayes hoped, would be enough. He
compared the serial numbers on the
bills with those he had jolted down
on a notebook.
“Looks bad, boys," he said.
“These bills are some of those taken
from the Colton bank.”
Nerdon and Redmond arched their
brows in polite surprise. “Are I
they?” said Redmond. “Well, that’s
not anything to be alarmed at. We
won that money at the horse races
at Morton Park. The robbers must
have been up there betting."
"Yes," Hayes agreed, “they must
have. You boys, I suppose, attend
ed the races on the day of the hold
“As a matter of fact, we did,"
“Splendid. We cleaned up $500
Hayes’ heart was thumping against
his ribs. But outwardly his face
was serene and calm. “I suppose
you can prove you were at the
Nerdon and Redmond exchanged
confident glances and smiled. "Yes,
Inspector," said Redmond, “we can.
Sorry to disappoint you like this, but
I guess you’re barking up the wrong
tree.” The youth reached into his
vest pocket and produced a pair of
pari-mutuel tickets, which he hand
ed over to the officer. “Look those
over. They’re dated June 16, which
was the day of the holdup. And if
you’re interested you might consult
the race track officials. They’ll
tell you that those horses paid $500
each. We were lucky that day, In
Inspector Hayes sighed deeply and
with relief. He had been afraid that
all his careful work of the past three
weeks was going to prove fruitless.
Even in that moment he pictured
the newspaper headlines that would
restore the public’s faith in the po
He stood up, nodding to the of
ficers. "Drape some handcuffs on
’em, boys. We’ll talk this over
again down at headquarters.” And
when Nerdon and Redmond sudden
ly sat erect and looked indignant, he
smiled, easily, confidently. “It's all
right boys. No need to get excited.
I have all the evidence I need. You
see," he glanced down at the pari
mutuel tickets, “these winning tick
ets tell the story. I should think you
boys would know with all your ex
perience, that pari-mutuel tickets
have to be turned in at the track, il
they’re winners, in order to collect
on ’em. If you boys won $500 each
on the day of the holdup and collect
ed on it, you wouldn’t have the tick'
ets to show."
Twins Lead Hazardous
Existence During Birth
There are two kinds of twins: one
egg (identical) and two-egg (fra
ternal). One-egg twins are the re
sult of the division of a single ferti
lized egg, are therefore duplicate
editions of the same person. They
are always of the same sex. “Two
egg twins are derived from two inde
pendent eggs fertilized by two
sperms and are related to each oth
er in exactly the same way as are
ordinary brothers and sisters ...”
Twins lead a hazardous existence
before and during birth. In the
uterus they are crowded. Many are
born prematurely, many are injured
at birth. About one-quarter of all
twins born die in the first ten days
of life. "Extensive studies of twins
of all ages,” says Professor New
man, "have revealed a higher fre
quency of mental defectives among
twins than among the singly born.”
But if they escape the hazards of
infancy, twins “are as capable as
are singly born pupils in the same
Siamese twins are identical twins
who are not completely separated.
“True Siamese twins consist of two
nearly complete individuals united
obliquely side by side in the hip
region. Internally there are two
complete sets of viscera, except that
there is usually a common rectum."
Their organs are symmetrical, one
heart slanting to the right, the other
to the left. But for some mysterious
reason, they are often very unlike in
facial features and personality.
There have been 13 sets of Siam
ese twins known to medical history.
The original “Siamese” were Chang
and Eng (really Chinese), born in
Siam in 1811.
DIET OF LEGUME
IS VITAL FACTOR
Can Detect Distress Signs
When Food Is Lacking.
By E. E. DE TURK
(Professor of Soil Fertility, College of
Agriculture, University of Illinois.)
Legumes, like other crops, fly
unmistakable distress signals when
their diet lacks important plant food
elements, observations made in the
past cropping season indicate. Yet
they frequently show these nutri
tional deficiencies by slow growth,
rather than by any specific abnor
malities of form or color. They are
likely to produce undersized plants
which are normal in appearance
Ordinarily the early symptoms of
plant food hunger take the form of
changes in color. The most com
mon color symptom results from !
chlorosis—or loss of the green color. !
This may be followed by the death
of the affected area. The chlorosis
may consist of paling of the ordi
nary green color, or the appearance
of various shades of yellow or even
white dots and patches.
In general the lack of one or
more of the three major plant food
elements—nitrogen, phosphorus and
potash—will result in ill health for
Nitrogen deficiency results In slow
growth of the legumes, a decrease
in the branching of the plants and
smaller plants at maturity. These
may occur without the appearance
of specific symptoms and have lit
tle value to the farmer or agrono
mist attempting a diagnosis. Se
vere nitrogen deficiency often causes
mild chlorosis in which the leaves
gradually become pale green with a
yellowish tinge rather than distinct
ly yellow. The chlorosis usually
spreads evenly over the entire leaf
A lack of phosphorus manifests it
self in slow growth. The legume
plants remain small and undevel
oped. Flowering and seed produc
tion tend to be delayed and a bluish
green tinge may develop in the
leaves. But there are no specific
symptoms that can be used with as
surance for purposes of detecting
Of all the symptoms observable In
legumes, those of potash hunger are
probably the most outstanding and
Broad-leaved legumes such as the
soybean show evidence of insuffi
cient potash by irregular yellow
mottling around the edges of the
leaflets. The discolored areas soon
merge, forming a continuous yellow
border around the tip and along the
sides, but rarely around the base.
Death of the chlorotic area that first
became mottled follows promptly
along with a downward cupping of
the leaf edges. Then the dead tis
sue falls out, giving the leaflet a
The “all-out” dairy production
program for defense needs and
higher returns to the dairymen
should be tempered with careful
feeding and management practices,
believes C. S. Rhode, extension
dairy specialist of the University
of Illinois college of agriculture.
Overfeeding on high protein ra
tions, short dry periods and failure
to supply adequate amounts of min
erals are some of the things to be
avoided. Balancing the grain mix
ture to fit the kind and quality of
available roughage, the use of bone
meal in the ration when needed and
a dry period of a month to six
weeks are some of the points that
should receive attention.
Good Care of Soil
Aids Defense Plans
Contour farming, strip cropping
and terracing can help in increas
ing yields to meet the needs of
the national food for defense pro
gram, says Lindley G. Cook, ex
tension soil conservationist at
Rutgers university. This is the
time to make plans for 1942, he
“American farmers will be
asked to produce greater quanti
ties of food than ever before in
the history of the country,” Cook
reports. “Farmers are fast find
ing out, by means of research and
experience on their own farms,
that conservation practices play
a definite part in increasing
“This is the time to begin plan
ning the farm program for next
season in such a way that record
production can be obtained with
out the wasteful practices of the
Swinging round the circle to see j
where soil conservation is working
and where farmers are still losing
too much of the soil that they might
be saving. Dr. H. H. Bennett of the
U. S. department of agriculture
found that out in Vthe region of
straight line plowing," the contour
method is making progress. More
than half the corn in the typical
Corn Belt county of Montgomery, in
Iowa, was planted on contour this
year. None was continued in 1037
FEW outfits can serve with great
* er usefulness in fall and winter
wardrobes than the jerkin, skirt
and blouse and you can make
these for yourself with Pattern No.
1477-B at very slight expense. You
can wear this costume day after
day to the office or to school, al
ways with a fresh blouse or inter
esting sweater. It will be ideal
for sports events or travel.
In appearance it is youthfulness
personified. The dart-fitted jerkin
makes the most of a slim waistline.
The skirt is of plain gored con
struction, flaring to a wide hem.
Pattern includes a classic blouse
with convertible neckline and long
and short sleeves.
The jerkin and skirt lend them
■elves to novelty materials, cor
duroy, plaid, tweed or gabardine.
Contrasting blouses may be of
washable cottons, rayon crepes,
silk crepes or sheers.
• * •
Barbara Bell Pattern No. 1477-B is de
signed for sizes 12. 14, 16, 18 and 20. Cor
responding bust measurements 30. 32. 34,
36 and 38. Size 14 (32) jerkin requires
44 yards 54-inch material, skirt 144 yards
54-inch material and blouse with short
sleeves 144 yards 35-inch material. Send
your order to:
SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN DEPT.
311 W. Wacker Dr. Chicago
Enclose 15 cents in coins for
A house-full of smoking pleas
ure is the gay, new Christmas gift
package of Camel Cigarettes now
being featured by local dealers.
Designed in the shape of a house,
trimmed even to the snow on the
roof, this colorful package con
tains four “flat fifties”—200 Camel
Cigarettes, America’s favorite. No
wrapping is needed. There is even
a gift card printed right on the
package. For those smokers on
your Christmas list, give Camels
and be sure your gift is appreci
ated. Camels are also available
in the regular carton of ten pack
ages of “20’s”—200 cigarettes. The
carton, too, is handsomely
wrapped and ready to give.—Adv.
Most of us find that ago and living
habits bring on occasional bowel
laziness. These spells of constipa
tion, with aggravating gas, may cause
restless nights. ADLERIKA can help
you face the future more cheerfully.
Its ingredients attract to the bowels
extra moisture which softens packed
wastes and assists in comfortable
bowel action. ADLERIKA helps to
leave your bowels refreshed and
clean. Next time constipation and
gas threaten your comfort, try
ADLERIKA. Druggists have it.
Duty to Neighbor
There is an idea abroad among
moral people that they should
make their neighbors good. One
person I have to make good: my
self. But my duty to my neighbor
is much more nearly expressed by
saying that I have to make him
happy if I may.—Robert Louis
...don’t cough! Get pleasant relief from a
cough due to a cold with Smith Brothers
Cough Drops—Black or Menthol—5^.
Smith Bros. Gough Drops are the
only drops containing VITAMIN A
Vitamin A (Carotene) raises the resistance of
mucous membranes of nose and throat to i
■ cold infections, when lack of resist- %
l ance is due to Vitamin A deficiency.
Influence of Church
The churches are the greatest
influence in this world of ours to
overcome the present tendency
toward greed.—President Frank
lin D. Roosevelt.
NOTHING COMES EVEN
CLOSE TO CAMELS WITH ME.
7HE/RE MILDER By fiAR.
AND, MAN, WHAT A
• CurtlssTcst !
Pilot Bill Ward \
tests dive- i
bombers for the
Navy... shares |
tho Navy man’s
THE SMOKE OF SLOWER-BURNING CAMELS CONTAINS
28% LESS NICOTINE
than the average of the 4 other
largest-selling brands tested—
less than any of them — according
to independent scientific tests
of the smoke itself!
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