The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, March 11, 1937, Image 2

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around the
fty Carter Field ^
Washington.—House members are
almost comparable with condemned
murderers who have been granted
new trials as a result of the de
cision of the house leaders to wait
until the senate acts before forcing
a vote in the lower house on Pres
ident Roosevelt’s proposal to en
large the Supreme court.
Privately most members of both
house and senate say there has not
been such a dangerous vote in
years. If they vote with the Presi
dent they have outraged an inde
terminate number of persons, in
cluding a good many very vocal
lawyers, back in their districts and
states. They may have provided
some likely -ompetitor in the next
primaries with Just the issue he
If they vote against the President
it may be Just as bad, or worse!
The President is liable to win out,
as he always has before—save on a
few things of wholly incomparable
political ootentiality. If he does
and they were against him, there
may be reprisals—and also that
likely competitor back home will
have a ready-made issue—"Stand
by the President.”
Much of this .nay still be true six
weeks or two months hence, or
whenever the senate disposes of the
question. But in six weeks or two
months public opinion may have
Jelled. The house member will have
been hearing not Just from ready
letter writers, but from his trusted
lieutenants and friends back home,
from people he can depend on to tell
him the truth. Meanwhile he will
have been reading eagerly some of
the stories printed in the home-town
newspapers. Not so much the edi
torials. He can And out what the
editors think any time. What he
will read with most interest are the
accounts of little gatherings where
the issue is debated. He will note
with tn.ense interest that John
Jones, whom he knows all about,
■poke vigorously for the President’s
■ide but tha< Sam Smith, about
whom the congressman is equally
well informed, took the other side.
Bar Is Opposed
He will see that the local bar
association voted heavily against
the President, and that the local
labor unions voted unanimously for
the President. Then It will be up
to him to have a little gum-shoe
work done. Did all the boys at that
labor union meeting really feel that
way, or did they do the usual of
following the leader? The congress
man will have a fairly accurate ap
praisal of that very shortly. He
will know whether this group or
that, in addition to voicing their
sentiments, really feel strongly
enough about it to carry the grudge
until next election day. Which is
the only point in the case he really
cares about.
Now senators have always had
the opportunity, before voting, to do
all this digging, if they were of the
ear to the ground variety, as dis
tinguished from the forthright boys
who leap into every fight at the be
ginning, sure of big newspaper
headlines. Always in the past a
vote of this sort is rushed in the
house, and hen the senate fights
it out.
The unfair oart to members of the
house in the past has often been
that by the time the measure came
back from the senate, it was noth
ing whatever like what the house
members had voted for! Yet try
to explain that to a sore constitu
This time the house members can
sit back and wait till all the ma
neuvering and compromising is
over, till the public debate has run
its course. Maybe until the pub
lic has gotten tired of it. And if
|the senate never voted at all,
plenty of house members would be
mighty pleased.
Wheeler’* Plan
Best opinion is that the proposal
of Senator Burton K. Wheeler of
Montana that a two-thirds majority
of both house and senate could
override a Supreme court opinion
holding a law unconstitutional,
would prove a much longer step
toward a real dictatorship—some
time in the future—that the so
called Supreme court packing pro
posal of President Roosevelt.
Incidentally it would be far more
effective—could it be attained im
mediately—than the appointment of
six additional justices. For exam
ple, it is conceivable that such an
additional power, were it vested
in congress, might be used to put
over a new NRA, which was de
clared unconstitutional by a unani
mous vote of thr present high court.
It is not conceivable that the ap
pointment of six additional justices
would do that—even if every one of
the six new ones promised to de
cide questions coming before the
court precisely as the President de
sired. The decision of the enlarged
court would obviously be nine to
six against a revived NRA
But looking ahead to possible situ
ations ten, twenty and thirty years
hence, the Wheeler proposal of
course is far more liberal—to use
the word as it is now being used
politically—than the Roosevelt pro
After a given period of time, ob
viously, according to the language
of the President's bill as sent to
congress, the high court would con
sist of 15 members. There is no
doubt about this. Senator Joseph T.
Robinson to the contrary notwith
But a forward looking President j
who may occupy the White House >
some time rfter the court reaches
the size of 15 members will be just
as helpless, no matter what hold he
may have on congress, os Presi- j
dent Roosevelt feels himself to be
in his struggle to obtain for the fed
eral government the power to regu-:
late wages, hours and working con- |
ditions in industry.
Matter of Age
Every - ne of the justices might |
conceivably be eighty years old! j
But if their construction of the Con
stitution were that of Justices Louis
D. Brandeis and Benjamin N. Car
dozo in the NRA case it would
make no difference if all of them
were under forty.
And there would be nothing, short
of increasing the number of justices
to 31, with 16 new justices pledged
to any particular reform desired at
the moment, which the President or
congress could do about it. Assum
ing of course that no constitutional
amendments broad enough to cover
the cases involved had been passed
in the meantime.
Whereas, should that situation
arise, and should Senator Wheeler’s
plan instead of the Roosevelt plan
have been adopted, all the Presi
dent would have to do would be to
get a law through congress with a
two-thirds majority in both houses
overriding the high court!
All of which is rather amusing
because of Senator Wheeler's con
stant statements that the Roosevelt
plan vests too much power in the
hands of a President, in view of the
possibility that there may be an
other Harding in the White House
some time. The Wheeler plan would
simplify the task of any would-be
dictatorial President who had suf
ficient popular following and politi
cal sagacity .o control congress.
But it would ke a good many
years to ratify such a constitutional
amendment as Senator Wheeler has
proposed. And President Roosevelt
knows this perfectly welL
The Silver Issue
No campaign pledges or conven
tion planks are going to be violated
on the silver issue. In fact, there
is almost a conspiracy of silence in
effect now, just as there was noth
ing but "hush, hush” during the
campaign last summer and fall as
to the white metal.
Secretary of the Treasury Henry
Morgenthau, Jr., thinks something
ought to be done. The government
is still buying prodigious quantities
of silver in accordance with the sil
ver law—which directs the Treas
ury to keep on buying silver until it
either reaches a price of $1.29 an
ounce or a ratio of one to three
with the gold held by the govern
Actually the ratio is still about
one to five—due to the fact that the
government has been obliged to
take over so much gold poured into
this countr.’ by foreigners either for
safety or other reasons. Whereas
the world price of silver is still
slightly un^er 45 cents, as compared
with about 44 cents when the silver
buying program began.
Secretary Morgenthau discloses
that the Treasury has invested $1.
100,000,000 in silver since the pas
sage of the silver ret, and that the
average price paid is about 60 cents.
Which means that the net loss to
the government on its silver opera
tions to date has been $275,000,000—
a loss incurred without getting any
where in the direction of either of
the two specified objectives:
A considerable fraction of this
loss of course has been in the pur
chase of newly mined silver from
domestic producers. For a long
time now the government has been
paying domestic producers about 78
cents an ounce. It will be recalled
that this price paid United States
miners and mining companies ran
along as a sort of sliding scale,
during the period immediately fol
lowing passage of the act, when
purchases by the United States gov
ernment were pushing the w’orld
price up and up, disrupting fiscal
affairs in China, and inspiring en
thusiasts and speculators to believe
that the $1.29 objective would really
be attained.
Expected Profit
In fact, there is little reason to
doubt that President Roosevelt and
Secretary Morgenthau entertained
the same idea, and figured that
when this price should be attained
there would be a huge profit on the
silver just as there was on the
gold. All the silver commandeered
at the time silver was nationalized
was at 50 cents an ounce. The
world price then soared to the 70s
with Morgenthau buying.
He curtailed his buying, just a
little, and rumors got abroad that
the move tu put the world price up
had collapsed, whereupon the inevi
table happened—the price DID col
But now Morgenthau doubts that
the Treasury should go on subsidiz
ing domestic silver production so
liberally. Just how much it should
be reduced from 78 cents (roughly)
he does not recommend. He would
like to hear from the silver sen
ators! Their answer will be very
simple. Naturally they will fight to
the death against ANY reduction in
the subsidy. Any other course would
be unbelievable.
£ Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service.
Woman Goods Carrier of Nepal.
Prepared by National Geographic Society,
Washington, I). C.—WNU Service.
THE capital city of Nepal,
the sequestered kingdom
among the Himalayas north
of India, is a curious mixture
of new and old. It centers around
an immense parade ground, a beau
tiful two-mile stretch of closely
cropped grass. Broadly speaking,
the old part of the city lies to the
west of this area, the new part to
the east.
Before the Gurkha conquest In
1768, the predominant and ruling
race in Nepal was the Newar. The
Newars are of Mongolian extraction
and emigrated into Nepal from Tib
et in prehistoric times. They are
responsible for the origin and devel
opment of Nepalese art in all its
"Gurkha” is really a compre
hensive term, embracing both the
foreign Rajputs and the indigenous
races of Nepal other than the Ne
war. It comes from the little state
of that name in western Nepal,
where the immigrant Rajputs from
the plains of India originally setUed.
These Rajputs, ancestors of the
present rulers of the kingdom, fled
to the hills after the Moslem sack
of Chitor in 1303. Here they estab
lished themselves, flourished, and
gradually extended their territories.
It was not until 1768, however, that
they finally effected the complete
conquest of Nepal.
Thenceforth the Rajputs held un
disputed sway over this unique Him
alayan kingdom. Internally, their
activities have been directed not so
much towards artistic as towards
military advancement. Out of a
total population of some 5,600,000,
they have today an army of about
45,000. In times of need they can,
with the aid of their well-trained
reserve force, raise as many as
70,000 troops.
Gurkha Army Really Powerful.
The bulk of the soldiery is drawn
from the Gurung and Magar tribes.
Among these peoples are some of
the hardiest fighting men in exist
ence. When, therefore, they are
placed under Rajput leaders, the
descendants of an ancient race,
world-famous for its deeds of cour
age and chivalry on the battlefield,
the power of this mighty Gurkha
army is formidable indeed.
In Katmandu, the artistic spirit
of the Newars and the martial spir
it of the modern rulers mingle. To
the west of the vast parade ground
lies the old town with its palaces
and temples, its tall houses and
narrow streets. In the Durbar
square, that essential feature of all
Newar cities, the principal build
ings are grouped in a rich profusion
of pagoda roofs, painted wood,
chiseled stone and shining metal.
At one side stands the imposing
palace of the former kings, built
around a spacious courtyard. Close
by it, raised on a high step plinth,
towers the lofty temple of Taleju,
the household goddess of the royal
family. All around are temples and
shrines and tall, slender pillars
bearing bronze statues of kings and
religious personalities.
me Dunaings in me indigenous
"pagoda” style are of dull-red brick
with tiled roofs supported by in
tricately carved wooden struts. The
doors, too, are of wood and the lin
tels are invariably extended into the
brickwork, where they form bold
and effective designs. The wood
work is usually painted in bright
colors and the roofs are sometimes
covered with sheets of beaten brass,
dazzling in the brilliant sun.
Lost in this maze of the old Ne
war splendor stands the modern
Hanuman Dokha, a large white
building containing huge audience
halls and staterooms used for im
portant ceremonies. To this palace,
during a durbar, the scarlet lancers
of Nepal come clattering through
the cobbled streets of Katmandu.
Modern City Quite Practical.
Beyond the lovely Newar city,
grouped around a huge park and
stretching away to the east, lies
modern Katmandu, the creation of
the Gurkhas. Here are no roman
tic pagodas rising golden tier upon
golden tier towards an azure Heav
en, but severely practical barracks,
schools, colleges, hospitals, and
prisons built in the "European
style.” Here, too, are the immense
"modern” palaces of the king, the
Maharaja and the chief nobles, de
signed by French architects in the
late Nineteenth and early Twentieth
centurie .
When one recalls the difficult jour
ney into the valley over steep and
wild mountain passes, it seems
strange to look upon these vast
buildings, standing in so remote a
country, equipped with the most up
to-date conveniences and luxuries.
The roads in the actual town are
good and broad, and it is amusing
to remember that all the motors
and lorries which run on them have
been carried bodily over the passes
by swarms of coolies.
Though Nepal is nominally a king
dom, the king in reality is little
more than a religious figurehead,
the actual government of the coun
try falling to the lot of the prime
minister, or maharaja.
He is modern and enlightened in
his outlook and anxious to introduce
any new invention which may bene
fit his country, but he prohibits im
portation of certain Western crea
tions. Foremost among these is the
motion picture. He believes that to
show vivid scenes of intimate oc
cidental life has a demoralizing ef
fect on the spectators.
At 10 o’clock every evening a cur
few tolls in Katmandu and the oth
er big towns of the kingdom and
everybody must retire to his house.
Anyone found in the streets after
this time has to spend the night in
prison. Gambling and drinking are
forbidden except durink certain fes
tivals. The most popular is the
great Durga Puja, which lasts ten
days, during which time hundreds
of buffaloes are beheaded in honor
of the goddess Durga, who is but
another form of the famous black
Patan Is Picturesque.
Besides Katmandu, there are two
other large towns in the same val
ley, both former capitals of Nepal.
Patan practically adjoins modern
Katmandu. Passing through its nar
row streets you come into the fan
tastic Durbar square.
On one side, a graceful group of
temples rises in a series of elegant
red pagodas ribbed with gleaming
bronze. Brightly colored struts, rich
with delicate carving, support their
myriad roofs; shimmering bell fin
ial3 cap their airy upper stories.
Opposite them, and dotted irregu
larly over the spacious square, lies
a swarm of other temples, a foun
tain, a colossal bell, and a number
of tall, slender pillars bearing the
shining bronze figures of gods and
The pagoda temples have brightly
colored stuffs hanging in gay ripples
from their eaves. There are also
temples in silvery stone built up in
tiers of intricately carved pillars,
and pavilions which cluster around
the massive curvilinear tower ris
ing from their midst like some huge
gray cactus plant.
The third large town in the val
ley is Bhatgaon. It can be ap
proached from Patan by motor over
a bad, uneven road, a distance of
some seven miles. Far the most
delightful way to enter it, however,
is on the back of an ambling Tibet
an pony.
In the early Eighteenth century
the city was the capital of Raja
Bhupatindra Malla, a man of ex
quisite taste and a patron of the
arts. It was he who built the
stately Durbar hall with its famous
Golden Door—one of the chief mar
vels of Nepal—and its richly carved
Bhatgaon is a city of surprises.
Unlike Patan, its beauty is not con
centrated in one colossal and
breath-taking durbar square; it is
distributed throughout the length
and breadth of the town.
Here you come upon a little tem
ple of silver stone, set gracefully
upon a high step plinth, with an
avenue of gods and monsters lead
ing up to its portals. There you
walk through a blue wooden door
in a crumbling, pink brick wall
and Vo! you are in a wild, tangled
garden with fruit trees and flowers,
tall, slender palms, and in the cen
ter a flourishing crop i f rice.
Beyond the garden you pass down
fascinating little streets of shops
and houses with carved windows
and suddenly you find yourself in
an open square. On your right
stands another architectural marvel
of Nepal, the Temple of the Five
i/ou]® DAY
Talks About ®
Strenuous Exercise.
WHILE we naturally admire the
overweight individual who de
cides to reduce his weight by taking
strenuous exercise, it must be re
membered that this excess weight
was added to the body in two ways—
by over-eating and by under-exer
cising. During all the months and
years that the fat was gradually
being accumulated, heart, lungs,
■■■k-■■ %■***■'■ ■
Dr. Barton
blood vessels, k 1 a -
neys and other or
gans were likewise
getting some of this
excess fat in and
about their cells or
tissues. The fat was
accumulating s o
slowly and gradual
ly that the individu
al was not aware of
You can readily
understand then that
if an overweight de
cides to take violent exercise wnn
heart and blood vessels “soft” from
lack of use and accumulation of
fat in and about the normal tissues,
serious results may follow.
Dr. E. V. McCollum and J. Er
nestine Becker in their book “Food,
Nutrition and Health,” tell us that
"violent tennis playing, hill climb
ing or extreme effort in the gym
nasium are as unwise as they are
unnecessary in weight reduction.
Far more harm than good may be
done if the condition of the heart
and blood vessels does not warrant
strenuous exercise.”
Since badminton has become pop
ular many physicians are reporting
cases of overweight men and women
who, having watched a few games
of badminton, have said to them
selves, "Badminton looks like a nice
game, it shouldn't be hard to play,
not much work to it.” As a matter
of fact, badminton is practically ten
nis, and next to basketball, tennis
is the most strenuous game known.
The thought then is that just as
a reducing diet needs expert direc
tion of supervision, so also should
the exercise taken by over
weights be directed and supervised
by one—preferably a physician—
who not only knows the body but
the effect of exercise on each par
ticular body.
Of course to the overweight the
thought of doing violent exercise or
work with the perspiration pouring
out and off the body is fascinating
as it looks as if pounds and pounds
of fat were being lost. And as a
matter of fact pounds and pounds
of weight—water and fat—are being
removed from the body. However,
violent exercise for these soft,
heavy, middle-aged individuals, who
have taken no exercise for years,
may cause heart and blood vessel
Be Sensible and Safe.
Now this doesn’t mean that ex
ercise should not be taken but that
it should be taken in a sensible,
safe manner which will remove fat
and not only increase strength but
will also increase or develop the
desire for exercise.
Thus for those who are soft, or
weak, or elderly, but must reduce
weight for the sake of health and
appearance, we read, “It is not
even necessary to perspire freely
when taking exercise in order to
reduce weight. It is best to take
the exercise at a rate which does
not put upon the heart the burden of
violent beating. It is better to make
a ‘steady demand’ day after day
for the burning of a little of the fat
I believe that if our overweights
who are intending to take exercise
to reduce weight were to keep those
words "stendy demand for the burn
ing of a little fat every day” always
in mind and follow this idea of
"daily” exercise, the results ob
tained would be even beyond their
* • •
Stomach Ulcer Causes.
Despite the fact that ulcer of the
stomach and of the first part of the
small intestine is quite common, the
exact cause or causes is always a
matter of close search on the part
of the physician who notes certain
points about the majority of ulcer
First the ulcer patient is usually
of the nervous type, usually high
strung and apt to be irritable or
"jumpy.” This is the "nervous”
cause. Second, there is often some
thing wrong or rather "different”
about the position of the stomach
so that there is some interference
with its action. This is the “me
chanical” cause.
Third, there is something differ
ent about the lining of the stomach
j due to infection or certain foods,
! something different about the juices
j and their action. This might be
] called the chemical, the infective,
or by some other name.
In considering the mechanical
| cause of ulcer Dr. I. Pines in Medi
cal Clinic, Berlin, directs attention
to curvatures of the spine which
cause pressure on certain parts of
the stomach and thereby lead to
the development of ulcers.
The two most frequent forms of
curvature are when the spine is
bent forward at the small of the
back (sway back), and the curva
ture to the left which lowers the
right shoulder.
Crpyrisht.—WNU Servlet.
Well-Dressed at Little Cost
IT WAS some job, Ladies of .
* The Sewing Circle, to get j
these three lovelies together to *
pose for the camera this week.
They’re under the strict tutelage
of Dame Fashion just now, learn
ing the latest lessons on how to be
well turned out this Spring with
out benefit of a private mint. You
can understand, then, why the
co-ed above, center, sort of jumped
the gun, so to speak, and was al
ready on her way when the cam
era clicked.
A Frock That Clicks.
Speaking of things clicking,
don’t think that new princess
gown she’s wearing isn’t doing it
in a big way. Can’t you see from
where you’re sitting that it is
simple to sew besides being a fig
ure-flatterer of the first order?
The buttons half way and a neat
little collar in contrast are all its
lively lines need to complete the
perfect balance—chic vs. simplic
ity. Take a tip from this stylish
student and figure it out for your
self in cashmere or velveteen.
The style is 1202 and it can be
had in sizes 12-20 (30-38). Size
14 requires 4% yards of 39 inch
material plus % yard contrasting.
Go Print for Spring.
The charming young lady above,
left, has chosen to model a very
dainty and rather picturesque lit
tle frock for she believes you’ll
be interested in this style as a
fitting gesture to Springtime. Es
pecially in a modern print, fea
turing, say, pussycats or deep-sea
flowers, would this frock be
tempting. The skirt is bias-cut
for artistic reasons, and the cir
cles of contrast aid and abet its
gracefulness. Let yourself go
print then, come Spring. Style
1257 is designed in sizes 12-20 (30
40 bust). Size 14 requires 4%
yards of 39 inch material. Elev
en yards of bias binding is re
quired for trimming as pictured.
Lest you begin to think every
day is Sunday for our starring
trio, the trim-looking young lady
above, right, wants you to concen
trate now on her new gingham
gown. Not an ordinary bread
and-butter cotton version, but a
beautifully cut, carefully planned
dress for general service. The
linked button front is enough to
give it first place on your Spring
sewing list if Sew-Your-Own de
signers know their clients as well
as they think. However, there’s
more* to recommend it: a young
becoming collar, a simple yoke
and - sleeve - in - one construction,
and a slender action-built skirt.
Put them all together they spell
CHIC—that little word with a vast
meaning. Style 1267 is for sizes
34-48. Size 36 requires 4 yards
of 35 inch material plus lYs yards
New Pattern Book.
Send for the Barbara Bell
Spring and Summer Pattern
Book. Make yourself attractive,
practical and becoming clothes,
selecting designs from the Bar
bara Bell well-planned, easy-to
make patterns. Interesting and
exclusive fashions for little chil
dren and the difficult junior age;
slenderizing, well-cut patterns for
the mature figure; afternoon
dresses for the most particular
young women and matrons and
other patterns for special occa
sions are all to be found in the
Barbara Bell Pattern Book. Send
15 cents (in coins) today for your
Send your order to The Sewing
Circle Pattern Dept., Room 1020,
211 W. Wacker Dr., Chicago, 111.
Patterns 15 cents (in coins) each.
© Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service.
made her a stay-at-home
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Even the first few treatments
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you can realize it your face
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beauty. First thing you know,
friends are complimenting
you on your complexion.
—good for few weeks only
Here is a special chance io try out
Denton's for yourself. It is the most
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will send you a full 6 oz. bottle of
Denton's Facial Magnesia (retail
price 60c), plus a regular size box
of famous Milnesia Waters (the
original Milk of Magnesia tablets)
. . . both for only 60c 1 Don't miss
taking advantage of this extraordi
nary offer. Send 60c in cash or
stamps today.
I Select Products, Inc., 4402 23rd St, Long Island City, N. Y.
Enclosed find 60c (cash or stamps) for which send
| me your special introductory combination,
| Name __.............................
m Street Address_......................_
■i mam mmm am mama mam wmma mm h ■■■ _ _ _ _ _