The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, January 14, 1937, Page FOUR, Image 4

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    The Frontier
B. H. Cronin, Editor and Proprietor
■atared at the Postoffice at O’Neill,
Nebraska, as Second Class Matter.
Oae Year, in Nebraska__$2.00
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One House legislative
Body Goes Into Action
(Continued from page 1.)
would like to have engaged a Ne
braskan, we could find no engineers
resident in this state equipped with
the broad experience in the utilities
field revealed by Mr. Cargo.”
Shortly before the hour set for
the inauguration of Walter H. Jen
son, state treasurer-elect, the bond
ing companies of the state furnish
ed bond to the extent of $750,000
instead of the million dollars usual
ly provided. There are rumors that
the bonding companies dictated the
retention of H. J. Murray as
deputy and that Mr. Hannigan,
chosen by Jensen for this position,
is to be placed in another position.
After these conditions wore im
posed Mr. Jensen was inauRurated.
Governor Cochran takes the posi
tion that the people of the state
eject the constitutional officers. It
is not within the province of one
class to prescribe the conditions
under which these offices shall be
held. The Rovernor believes that
the state bondinR bill, recently
held, invalid by the supreme court
should be reenacted, if it is possible
to eliminate the constitutional ob
jections. If not an amendment
should be submitted to curb the
power of the bondinR, insurance
and bankitiR interests.
The committee on committees for
the new unicameral legislature has
been chosen as follows: R. C. Re
gan of Columbus, member at large.
Charles A. Dafoe of Tecumseh, and
Robert M. Armstrong of Auburn,
first congressional district; Walter
1L Johnson and William Worthing,
both of Omaha, second; Emil K.
Brodecky of Howells, and Frank
Brady of Atkinson, third; John N.
Norton of Polk, and E. M. Neu
bauerofOrleans, fourth; and Harry
E. Gantz of Alliance and R. M.
Howard of Flats, fifth.
A second appeal to the WPA wus
'made by Governor Cochran when
be sent a telegram to Harry L.
Hopkins, WPA administrator, in
Washington, asking that the quota
of WPA workers for Nebraska be
raised from 19,000 to 25,000. This
followed the departure for Kansas
of R. C. Jacobson of Chicago,
WPA field director f<V eight states,
after a conference with Governor
A smull army of lobbyists is in
the offing. However, they seem gun
shy. I .ater on the gentlemen of
the Second House may make up
to the members. Lincoln hotel
keepers are howling for more busi
ness. The crowds in the hotel lob
bies are small. In fact, there has
not been any of the usual hurly
burly of a legislative session.
An effort to modernize the prima
ry law of Nebraska is to be made by
democrats and republicans working
together. Platform pledges of both
parties recognize the faults of the
primary law as it now stands, and
it is generally admitted that the
law must be amended if the two
party system is to continue. James
C. Quigley of Valentine, chairman
of the democratic state committee,
and Lyle Jackson of Neligh, chair
man of the republican state com
mittee, announced Wednesday the
appointment of the following joint
bi-partisan committee to work for
this purpose: Charles F. Barth and
John Delehant of Beatrice; Asa K.
l^ane of Fremont; Earl Moyer of
Madison; Hugh Brown of Kearney;
Fredrick M. Deutsch of Norfolk;
A. V. Shotwell and Joseph T. Vot
ava of Omaha, and Harry Spencer
and Clinton J, Campbell of Lincoln.
J. B. Kincer, of the Washington
headquarters of the United States
Weather bureau, in an address be
fore the joint meeting of the crop
growers’ and livestock breeders’
association, gave little hope for any
success in efforts of man to abolish
drouth periods or to change climate
conditions. He doubted that the
building of lakes and ponds would
have any effect in increasing rain
fall, and called attention to the fact
that dust storms wore often violent
in the "dust bowl" as long as fifty
years ago. He recommended, how
ever, the restoration of the original
natural conditions as rapidly as
possible to the grass-lands—-land
that should never have beer, plowed.
The motion of John Adams, Jr.,
of Omaha, to hire George E. Price
of Lincoln, as temporary legal ad
viser to the unicameral legislature,
at a salary of $10 per day, was de
feated, after argument by Charles
A. Dafoe of Tecumseh, against such
action, showing that no such help
was needed immediately, and that
later on, after careful investigation
of qualifications, it might be well
to employ three attorneys.
So far as domestic issues are
concerned it is evident that the
present session of Congress will
have a considerable portion of time
consumed with proposals for the
reorganization of the government
with a view to simplification of the
departmental work. While, accord
ing to news stories, the President
is chiefly concerned about increas
ing the efficiency of government,
and is for economy as an incidental
result, it is becoming evident that
the question of economy will loom
large in the discussions of the sub
ject in Congress. For example,
Senator Harry F. Byrd of Virginia,
who is chairman of the Senate com
mittee investigating the subject of
reorganization of the government,
in conjunction with a House com
mittee headed by Representative
Buchanan of Texas, in a statement
recently emphasized the need and
the possibilities of securing econ
omy in governmental activities thru
reorganization. Incidentally Senat
or Byrd mentioned some evidences
of the huge growth of bureaucracy
and increase of governmental dup
lication of activity during the past
three or four years. In part, Sen
ator Byrd said:
“The gigantic task of surveying
and investigating the tangled mass
of agencies is still incomplete, yet
at this stage it is not difficult to
find opportunities for great saving
without impairing the present gov
ernmental objectives.
“My first recommendation, as
chairman, will deal with the dupli
cation in agencies lending govern
ment funds. There are twenty-four
—some of them actively engaged in
competing among themselves.
“Another phase demanding im
mediate attention and closest study
embraces emergency agencies ex
isting under a list of fifty-six leg
islative authorities which expire
during 1937. Those to be contin
ued must be considered with utmost
care in light of the fact that once
they are moved from the temporary
status they become a permanent
“The work has been rendered ex
tremely difficult by recent rapid ex
pansion of the government. Some
agencies, even now, are in the midst
of their build-up.”
There are few people who will
gainsay the need for the simplifica
tion of the machinery of govern
ment. No doubt the duplication of
effort and expenditure in the gov
ernment during the recent mush
room growth of bureaus and com
missions has rendered it much eas
ier to spend the taxpayers’ money.
Now that the New Deal leaders
themselves claim that the economic
crisis is practically over surely it is
time to retrench and to make good
on the promises of a balanced fed
eral budget.
There need be no great dipute |
over whether efficiency or economy
should come first. Economy is
bound to follow real efficiency. The
two grow together. There have
been several efforts in the past to
cut thru government inefficiency
and waste by curtailing the bureau
cracies which continue to wax and
grow fat at Washington. But these
efforts have always been defeated
by special interests who had a sel
fish purpose in keeping the bureau
cracies alive and healthy at the
expense of the taxpayers. The No
vember election placed the govern
ment, so far as the legislative and
executive branches are concerned,
entirely in the hands of the New
Deal administration. It now re
mains to be seen whether or not the
administration is bigger than bur
eaucracy. The political observers
at Washington who have seen the
same battle waged before are in
clined to bet on the bureaucrats.
Let us hope they are mistaken.
“Radical forces in our country
are endeavoring to accomplish thru
what they hope will prove to be a
subservient majority in Congress,
that which they are sure the people
never shall initiate: i. e„ many
radical changes in our Constitu
tion,” writes Dr. R. J. C. Dorsey in
the National Republic. “There
were at least 72 Joint Resolutions
introduced during the last session
of Congress to amend the federal
constitution. Of these, 18 were
introduced in the Senate and 54 in
the House. Joint resolutions are
used where Congress desires to
propose amendment to the Consti
tution, for this type does not re
quire the approval of the executive.
Before any such resolutions be
come a part of the Constitution
they must have received the ap
proval of two-thirds of the quorum
present in both houses and the
ratification of three-fourths of the
state legislatures of our nation.
The adoption of some of these sug
gested amendments would so en
croach upon the fundamental prin
ciples of our iederai constitution
that our present form of govern
ment would be completely disrupt
ed. The most drastic of these pro
posed changes are undoubtedly the
result of the acceptance of false
doctrines. Many of these radical
theories have apparently seriously
impaired the sound reasoning mech
anism of some of our legislators.
They have insinuated themselves
on many ingredient members of our
body politic, and thru the subver
sion of our youth may seriously
threaten the welfare of future
generations. Thru ridicule there
is a concerted attempt to deprecate
the men who framed the Declara
tion of Independence, the Constitu
tion of the United States, and the
justices of the Supreme Court, our
highest tribunal.
“On bept. 1<, libi, delegates
from twelve states attended the
constitutional convention in Phil
adelphia and affixed their signa
tures to the seven articles then
contained in the Constitution. In
all, 65 delegates had been appoint
ed, 55 attended, and 39 signed. In
order to preclude the possibility of
a publication of the mental ef
fusion entitled ‘Fifty-five old men
who framed the federal Constitu
tion,’ allow me to suggest that the
average age of the delegates was
43, which one must admit is not
extreme senectitude. John Francis
Mercer was 28. Benjamin Frank
lin was more than 80. General
George Washington was 55. The
New Jersey plan was brought forth
by William Paterson who was 42.
The Virginia plan was proposed by
Edmund Randolph who was 31.
Charles Pinickney, whose plan
played a large part in forming the
Constitution, was only 29. The
Connecticut compromise was large
ly the work of Oliver Ellsworth,
who was 42. The man who con
tributed more possibly, than any
other to the daily labors of the con
vention was James Madison who
was 36. Gouverneur Morris, who
headed the committee on style
which made the final draft, was 35.
There you had, the experience of
age, the desires of youth, and the
balance of the two, the middle aged.
What they accomplished in the con
vention has already lasted for 150
If the radicals are permitted to
put over in the new Congress three
bills for the aquisition and opera
tion of the railroads introduced in
the last Congress (by Senator
Wheeler and Representatives Mav
erick and Lundeen), and which it is
now planned to introduce again,
federal, state, county and local gov
ernments will lose in taxes a total
of $3,221,997,920.
Many counties rely on railroad
taxes for the major part of the
money necessary for support of
their public schools. All govern
mental units depend largely on
railroad taxes to enable them to
function. Nobody wants govern
ment ownership but the profession
al office-seeker element. They want
it because they figure it can be
exploited for the creation of new
The minute the railroads pass
under government ownership, that
minute all tax revenue from rail
road owned real estate stops. Prop
erty owned by the government is
not subject to taxation. Railroads
owned and operated by the govern
ment won’t be subject to railroad
standards of efficiency. A railroad
job will become a political job. Em
ployes won't be picked, as now, for
their efficiency and attention to
duty. They’ll be picked for polit
ical reasons, and will becomes parts,
not of a skilled working railroad
personnel, but of a huge political
machine.—Phil. Sunday Dispatch.
By Frank P. Litschert
The Supreme Court has again
upheld the right of free speech and
assembly, this time in the unani
mous decision rendered on January
4, in the appeal of the conviction
and seven-year jail sentence assess
ed against Dirk de Jonge in Oregon
for alleged violation of the state’s
Criminal Syndicalism law.
De Jong’s conviction was upheld
in the state courts, it was said, not
because he had made revolutionary
or inflamatory remarks but because1
the Communist Party, under whose
auspices the meeting was held, was
said to be an advocate of criminal
In touching on this finding the
Supreme Court of the United
States said: “The holding of meet
ings for peaceable political action
cannot be proscribed. Those who
assist in the conduct of such meet
ings cannot be branded as crimin
als on that score.’’
“While the states are entitled to
protect themselves from the abuses
of the privileges of our institutions
through an attempted substitution
of force and violence in the place
of peaceful political action in order
to effect revolutionary changes of
government, none of our decisions
go to the length of sustaining such
a curtailment of the right of free
speech and assembly as the Oregon
statute demands in its present ap
Justice Hughes in reading the
decision, stated that the rights of
free speech, free press and peace
ful assembly may be abused by the
press or assembly to invite violence
or crime and, he continued:
“The people through their legis
latures may protect themselves
against that abuse. But the legis
lative intervention can find consti
tutional justification only by deal
ing with the abuse. The greater
the importance of safeguarding the
community from incitements to the
overthrow of our institutions by
force and violence the more imper
ative is the need to preserve inviol
ate the constitutional rights of
free speech, free press and free
assembly in order to maintain the
opportunity for full political dis
cussion, to the end that the gov
ernment may be responsible to the
will of the people and that changes
if desired, may be obtained by
peaceful means. Therein lies the
security of the republic, the very
foundation of constitutional gov
' The written opinion, which is a
lengthy one, was concurred in by
the entire membership of the court.
It contains a clear and careful an
alysis of the relation between free
speech, a free press, the right of
peaceful assemblage, and the pres
ervation of constitutional govern
ment against the attacks of incen
diarism and revolution.
It is interesting to note, in con
sidering the decision, that the com
munists themselves, who have in
this instance, as in many others,
fled under the folds of the consti
tutional banner for protection, are
usually the first and the busiest to
denounce constitutional govern
ment as a sham and a fraud, and an
instrument designed by “capital
ism” to preserve itself against the
There perhaps could be no great
er tribute to the Constitution, con
sidering the motive of those who
I take part in agitating against it,
than this action of so many ex
treme radicals, at the first sign of
danger, in running for protection
to the custodians of this charter,
which they are always the most
eager to denounce. Had the com
munists themselves any sense of
humor, they might easily laugh
themselves out of court, although
revolutionary activity of course is
no laughing matter.
The difference between consti
tutional America and autocratic
Russia, which the reds worship,
can be envisioned from this decis
ion of the Supreme Court. In
Russia those taking part in a polit
ical meeting unfriendly to the gov
ernment could not plead effectively
the right of free speech or free
assemblage. They would go not to
the Supreme Court, only to Siberia.
As a father, we are deeply con
cerned over the charge that in
Oklahoma City a school teacher
sealed the lips of talkative children
Atkinson Livestock Market
“Your nearest and best market.”
Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Fat &
Stock Hogs
Auction Every Tuesday starting at 12:30 p. m.
Our selling charges are very moderate. If we do not sell
your livestock, we charge you nothing. Send your next
shipment of livestock to Atkinson.
with clothes-pins. What we want
to know is, Did it work?—Balti
more Evening Sun.
Another reason why it’s so easy
to go to the devil is because he wrill
meet you more than half way.—.
Washington Post.
might not have
starved but we
got food because
we had a
That 18 what one farmer
told us when talking about 4
the snow-bound and sub
zero days of last winter.
A farm woman said:
“I believe I’d have gone
crazy if I hadn’t been able
to talk with my neighbors
by telephone."
Another farmer
told us:
“Nothing seemed more
important than having a
telephone to talk with the
doctor who couldn’t get out
to our farm.”
31, 1936.
To balance on hand July 1, 1936 $155,258,31
“ Total Tax collected 179,927.12
“ Total School Land Funds collected 14,295.54
“ Total University Land Funds collected 906.79
“ State Apportionment to Schools .. 13,585.17
“ State Aid to Schools .. .... 1,899.00
“ Miscellaneous Collections (County General Fund) 91.94
“ “ “ (County Bridge Fund). 5,413.15
“ “ “ (County Road Fund)_. 12,967.47
“ “ (Village Gas Tax Fund)— 1,940.97
“ “ “ (Motor Vehicles Fund) -. 4,838.33
“ “ “ (Inheritance (Poor Fund). .. 211.42
“ “ “ (Redemption Fund). 1,495.25
“ “ “ (Fees Fund)_ 141.00
“ “ (Fines and Licenses)- 299.00
“ “ (Drivers License). 132.50
“ “ (County Officers Fees) 3,336.81
“ , “ (State and Federal
Assistance). 24,540.84
“ “ “ (County Fair Fund)_ _ 310.90
“ “ (Discrepancy Account). 1,445.03
“ “ (Stuart Sewer Bond Acc’t.) 560.00
By State Treasurer’s Receipts (Consolidated Fund) $ 16,035.18
“ State Treasurer’s Receipts (School Land Fund) 13,403.56
“ State Treasurer’s Receipts (University Land Fund) 545.13
“ State Treasurer’s Receipts (State Highway Supervision) 80.36
“ State Treasurer’s Receipts (State Highway Maintenance) 940.07
“ State Treasurer’s Receipts (Driver’s License Fund) 73.50
“ State Treasurer’s Receipts (Old Agen Pension Fund) 3,414.36
“ County General Fund Warrants Paid 20,165.64
“ County Bridge Fund Warrants Paid 9,733.24
“ County Road Fund Warrants Paid... 17,580.81
“ County Road Dragging Fund Warrants Paid 790,65
“ County Mother’s Pension Fund Warrants Paid 576.06
“ County Special Emergency Bridge Warrants Paid 20.00
“ County Judgment Warrants Paid. . —. 7,900.00
“ County Road Relief Fund Warrants Paid _. 83.90
“ County Unemployment Relief Fund Warrants Paid 3,735.42
“ County Fair Fund Warrants Paid 1,303.00
“ County Court House Coupons Paid 1,482.00
District School Orders Paid 75,455.81
“ District School Bonds and Coupons Paid. 4,177.63
“ District School Free High Orders Paid 362.25
District School Judgment Orders Paid 25.00
“ Township Orders Paid.. 13,932.98
“ Township Library Orders Paid 1,415.00
“ Village Orders Paid 10,273.00
Village Refunding Bonds and Coupons Paid_,. ... 948.76
Village Electric Light Bonds and Cupons Paid (Stuart) 341.25
“ Village Sewer Bond and Coupons Paid (Stuart). 1,023.00
Village Paving Bond and Coupons Paid (O’Neill) 190.00
“ Redemptions Paid 1,293.40
“ Salary Warrants Paid. 11,172.33
“ Poor Fund Warrants Paid . 20.00
“ Refund Warrants Paid. 279.13
“ Soldiei’s’ Relief Ordei's Paid \ 100.00
“ Special Bee Tax Orders Paid 5.10
“ Stuart Sewer Bonds and Coupons paid from
Assessment Fund ...—. 377.00
“ Chambers School Athletic Fund Orders Paid 70.00
“ State and Federal Assistance Fund Warrants Paid 26,634.00
“ Balance on hand 177,638.13
Stale Consolidated Fund $ 2,770.83
State School Land Fund ..— .. 2,576.42
State University Land Fund.. 401.55
State Highway Supervision Fund . 60.75
State Highway Maintenance Fund 711.98
State Driver’s License Fund .. 132.50,
State Old Age Pension Fund 1,652.62
State County Highway Fund _ 4.55
County General Fund . 5,024.02
County Bridge Fund ... .. 2,167.61
County Road Dragging Fund .. .... 59.86
County Soldier’s Relief Fund 697.72
County Special Emergency Fund 261,49
County Fair Fund ... . 133,40
County Mother’s Pension Fund .... 619.50
County Repairs and Improvements Fund 1,264.87
County Unemployment Relief Fund 1,624.21,
County Labor Tax Fund 2,932.98
Township Fund . 10,170 04,
Township Library Fund 443.90
District School Fund ...... 83,012.65
District School Bond and Coupon Fund . 8,294.03 ,
District School Free High Fund 19,789.98
District School Judgment Fund 14.05
Village Fund 16,913.64
Village Refunding Water Bond and Coupon Fund 4,343.16
Stuart Electric Light Bond and Coupon Fund 3,142.01
O'Neill Fire Truck Bond and Coupon Fund 740.27
O’Neill Curb and Gutter Fund 394.38
O’Neill Paving Bond and Coupon Fund 1,241.53
Stuart Sewer Bond and Coupon Interest Fund. 85.60
Stuart Sewer Assessment Fund 139.42
Coleman Railroad Fund balance (Bonds and Interest paid) 18,37
Special Bee Tax Fund 2.30
County Road Relief Fund 62.72
Redemption Fund 1.360.50
Poor Fund 2.35
Salary Fund (Fees) 71.13
Chambers School Athletic Fund ... .. 82.46
State and Federal Assistance Fund, Including Relief,
Old Age Pension, Dependent Children, Blind ,
and Administrative Expense 7,276.18
County Judgment Fund $ 33,29
County Road Fund ... ... 637.26
Refund • 279.13
Court House Bond Fund 109.72 1,059.40
: . I
Cash in Banks $145,671.24
Cash and Checks in Office 2,228.30
Warrants Carried as Cash 29,738.59 $177,638.13
General Fund $ 43,010.25
General Fund $ 24,992.24
Road Fund 15,018.20
Bridge Fund -- 13,592.92
Road Dragging Fund ... 231.85
$ 53,835.21
•t, -
State of Nebraska,
County of Holt
1, B. T. Wine hell, County Treasurer of Holt County, Nebraska, do
solemnly swear that the foregoing statement of receipts, disburse
ments and balances is true and correct to the best of my knowledge
and belief.
County Treasurer.
Ed Hancock, Bookkeeper.
, v ■ >?:•:
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 11th day of January, 1937.
County Clerk.
[SEAL] By Loretto Phalin, Deputy.