The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, December 03, 1936, Image 2

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    SEEN
and
HEARD
ar6und the
«NATIONAL
CAPITAL
py Carter Field ^
Washington —There will be plenty
of strength behind President Wil
liam Green's demand that the cost
of old age pensions be takjr off the
workers and placed upon "wealth.”
When congress meets in January
the head of the American Federa
tion of Labor will find himself in
alliance, on that subject, with a
rather strange assortment of fac
tions.
During the campaign nearly all
the Republicans were attacking the
social security law, especially the
old age pension feature. Very little
real defense was made at the time,
perhaps the most straightforward
having been made by President
Roosevelt himseL, when, admitting
the Republican charge that the pay
of workers would be docked for
this purpose, he stressed the fact
that employers would contribute an
equal amount
But now that the heat of the cam
paign is over, many labor leaders
have been looking over the social
security law with a cold eye. No
longer is there any necessity for
a "hush, hush” policy through any
fear that to admit the law was not
perfect might induce some voters to
vote against the presidential ticket
that organized labor had so unitedly
endorsed.
Now we And Mr. Green advocat
ing the elimination of the pay-roll
tax. Other labor leaders are just
as interested. They all realize that
the tax paid on pay rolls by em
ployers is paid by labor only to a
slightly lesser extent tha 1 the tax
deducted from the workers' own pay
envelopes—that it will, of necessity,
be added to the price of everything
produced.
The rich man will pay it too. of
course, in increased prices, but he
will pay a very small part of the
total, for several reasons. For one
thing, there are very few rich peo
ple, in proportion. For another,
even the rich are limited as to the
amount of manufactured or pro
cessed goods they can use.
Against Change
President Roosevelt and Sec
retary of the Treasury Morgenthau
are strongly set against any change
in the law, for the time being. But
they will And a sentiment on Capitol
Hill which just may force their
hands.
Moreover, there are not many
among the President's advisers who
would be greatly disturbed at sev
eral sweeping changes in the law.
For instance, few of them care
about the $47,000,000,000 reserve
fund except Mr. Morgenthau. Mr.
Roosevelt did care about it, but
budget balancing is scarcely an is
sue now. If this phase of the law
were changed, and if the pay-roll
tax should be eliminated, Mr. Roose
velt could ask for the new taxes to
take their places with just as good
grace as after the processing taxes
were outlawed, and after congress
had passed the soldier bonus over
his veto.
St. Lawrence Seaway
St. Lawrence seaway advocates,
all steamed up with the idea of a
deal with the Florida ship canal
proponents, are convinced that
President Roosevelt will be able to
force the senate to ratify the sea
way treaty with Canada. They are
counting heavily on the prestige of
the President since hi* landslide,
and the unwillingness of Democrat
ic senators to oppose the President
on anything — certainly 'ir some
time to come.
They now count on 30 votes sure,
admit that 24 senators are pretty
strongly against the project, and
figure 22 senators doubtful. Of these
22 doubtful senators, the., must win
14 to obtain the necessary two
thirds majority.
President Roosevelt did not ask
for a vote on the treaty last session.
The year before the vote was 46
for the treaty. 42 ugainst, 5 not
voting and paired. Adding in the
pairs, the strength was 48 for and
43 against It has always been sus
pected, however, that the strength
against was greater—that some of
the absentees who did not bother
to get pairs were really hoping the
treaty would fail, though loath to
record themselves against the Pres
ident.
This was particularly suspected,
for example, of Senators Park
Trammel and Duncan U. Fletcher
of Florida.
The two new Florida senators arc
way up on the prospect list of the
seaway advocates, as are also Sen
ators Walter F. George and Rich
ard B. Russell of Georgia, both of
whom voted against the treaty last
time. The hope here is based on
the Florida ship canal trade, it be
ing assumed that the advantage to
Georgia of having the Florida canal
would outweigh any possible loss
to the port of Savannah.
Changes in Personnel
To consider the prospects of the
seaway treaty, however, it is neces
sary to see if there has been any
real change in the motives that
actuated the opposition two years
ago. There have been many changes
in personnel in the meantime, but
relatively no change in the reasons
that actuated the senators. In few
cases were the votes of senators
disapproving the treaty based on
their personal inclinations or their
own logical deductions They were
based on the senators’ knowledge
that in their states there was very
strong selfish oppositior to the
treaty.
In the case of the Massachusetts
senators, for example, both David
1. Walsh and Marcus A. Coolidge
were Democrats, anxious to go
along with the President whenever
possible. But both knew that the
port of Boston would suffer to a
very definite extent if export busi
ness now handled through that port
should be diverted to . St. Law
rence seaway. Both knew also that
the railroads traversing the state
would haul just that much less
freight, and hence there would be
just that much less work for the
railroads, employees.
In varying degrees th^ same thing
affected most of the Atlantic coast
senators, the only surprise being
that the possible effects of this re
routing of export and import busi
ness should be calculateu to affect
business so far south. As to Savan
nah, for example.
Advocates of the plan are hoping
for the votes of both Louisiana sen
ators, figuring that it was the op
position of Huey Long that resulted
in both these votes being against
the treaty last time. But since the
issue has been revived by a con
ference on the deal involving the
Florida canal, the New Orleans As
sociation of Commerce and other
civic bodies have started a drive
against the proposal, which would
make it highly embarrassing for
either Louisiana senator to vote for
it. Which is very interesting in view
o! the supposition of some that New
Orleans would benefit from the Flor
ida canal.
Tax Law Changes
In view of President Roosevelt’s
determination to maintain the essen
tia1 ideas of the tax an undistrib
uted earnings, there is very little
prospect of the fundamentals of this
law being changed. There never has
been any chance that it would be
modified importantly in time to af
fect taxes on the 1036 earnings, but
there was strong hope that what
Governor Alf M. London referred
to in his Buffalo speech a^ a “cock
eyed" law would be repealed some
time during 1937.
That prospect went definitely out
the window with the election. There
can and probably will be changes in
th« law, but not as to its basic
idea. The modifications will be very
helpful to corporation with various
types of difficulties — paying olt
debts, replacing equipment tending
to become obsolete, etc. Of course
the present law permits a degree
of replacements, but there is strong
feeling among many of the Presi
dent's advisers that the government
should be very liberal about this.
As to the principle 01 forcing
corporations to pay out their earn
ings, however, some of the Presi
dent’s advisers are beginning to
clain openly that a trial of the law
for a few years will result in most
minority stockholders approving the
idea heartily. Even if the law should
sometime be repealed, they believe
that many corporations would con
tinue the practice of permitting
their stockholders to decide what
part of the earnings shall be
“plowed under,” or put back into
the business, and what part dis
tributed.
They point to the present flood
of extra dividends, occasioned by
the law, and question whether the
average stockholder s not pleased.
There is little doubt, they point out,
that were it not for this law the
corporations would not be paying
extra dividends at this time. In the
opinion of most bankers and corpo
ration officials, paying out these ex
tra dividends now is not sound poli
cy. They cling to the view that
what the corporations of the country
ought to be doing is replacing the
reserves that were so largely dis
sipated during the depression, eith
er by outright losses, or by paying
dividends in excess of earnings.
On the Other Hand
But, the New Dealers insist, It is
going to be mighty hard from now
on to sell that idea to the small
stockholder, especially men and
women with holdings so small that
they do not pay income taxes in
the high brackets. Naturally, they
admit, the big stockholders, whose
incomes go 'way up into those
brackets, deplore such an "un
economic” policy on the part of
the corporations in which they have
their investments. They believe
strongly that their companies
should save "for a rainy day."
In short, they approach the prob
lem not as income spenders anxious
U have more money to buy things
they want, but as investors. The two
approaches are very far apart. The
average banker and corporation of
ficial naturally gravitate to the in
vestor point of view. The average
big stockholder bends naturally in
the same direction. But the little
fellow likes to get his hands on the
money. If he likes the way the com
pany is doing, if he has faith in
the company’s future, as the New
Dealers have pointed out, he will
be inclined to buy more stock if
tho company needs money for im
provements or expansions.
A lot of thought might be given
to that idea of "expansion." Under
the "planned economy” theory of
which we heard so much during
the campaign, government control
of expansion is an important fac
tor. But we may not hear so much
of that for some time to come.
C Bell Syndicate.—WNU Serve*.
Three Horses Pull the Santiago Cart.
Prepared by National Oooeraphlr Society.
Washington. D. C.—WNU Service.
SANTIAGO, metropolis and cap
ital of Chile, is seen to great
est advantage by climbing to
the summit of Santa Lucia
hill, which rises out of the heart
of the city much as the Acropolis is
encompassed by Athens.
Let us climb up to the pavilion,
built perilously on top of the rocks.
At our feet lies a community of a
half million souls, dwelling for the
most part in one- and two-story
houses. But for the moment we
have no eyes for the beauties of
this fair city. To the east rise the
mightiest ramparts of the Andes. As
the clouds drift over the sun, lights
and shadows pursue one another
and one sees the majestic moun
tains in many marvelous moods.
Morning, noon, and evening they
present different aspects; but per
haps one’s favorite memory of
them is when the shades of evening
are gathering. A blue haze veils
the metropolis as the sun sinks be
hind the horizon, and multihued
shadows climb higher and higher
up the sides of the mountains until
finally only the white crests of the
loftiest summits are left in light.
At length they, too, must surren
der the glory of the sun’s light, and
one’s eyes turn back to the scene
below—a vast city wrapped in dark
ness, but glittering with its tens of
thousands of night jewels, made to
shine by the hydro-electric engi
neer, who transmutes the melting
Andean snows into light.
One turns in another direction and
sees on the outskirts of the city
San Cristobal, a conical mountain
springing up from the level plain
and towering above Santa Lucia, as
the latter rises higher than the city
at its feet. The distant ridges that
separate the valleys of the Mapocho
and Maipo from that of the Acon
cagua and from the coast, add their
beauties to this mountain-walled
Eden.
Striking Architecture of the City.
Santiago itself is a city of in
numerable domes and spires, which
join with the few skyscrapers of
the downtown district, the imposing
railroad stations, and the great
arched arcades to give diversity to
its skyline. On the city’s outskirts
are the new hippodrome, perhaps
one of the world’s most beautiful
racing plants; the Cemetery Gen
eral; and the famous Parque Cou
sino and the Quinta Normal.
Past and present mingle striking
ly in the capital. Here rises the
tower of the Franciscan monastery
from which sounded the bells of the
curfew in days colonial, and there
the steel-framed buildings of the
commercial district. The cloister
constructed houses, with their open
patios, red-tiled roofs, and stuccoed
walls, are overshadowed by the
brick and marble buildings of the
palaces which share the blocks with
them and which radiate the architec
tural spirit of France and America.
Stretching past the base of Santa
Lucia is that magnificent avenue
officially known as the Avenida de
las Delicias, but popularly called the
Alameda. It is, as its name pro
claims, truly the “Avenue of the
Delights.’’ Once the Mapocho river
ran down a part of its length, but
the city planners gave to this
stream an artificial channel, and
thus converted a river bed into a
beautiful thoroughfare.
Some one visiting Santiago during
the season when the rivers are
largely dry, and seeing the numer
ous bridges spanning the canalized
section of the Mapocho, remarked
that Santiago ought to sell its
bridges and buy a river; but in the
flood season the necessity for the
bridges is obvious. The Mapocho’s
waters flow through tne city with
the rush of a mountain stream, and
only a marathon runner could keep
pace with a bit of board thrown in
to the water and carried down
stream by the current.
On a charming terrace stands the
statue of Pedro de Valdivia, sur
rounded by flower beds in which
the most beautiful blossoms of Chile
exude their fragrance to the mem
ory of the hero it commemorates.
The inscription tells us that “The
valiant Captain of Estrernadura,
first governor of Chile, in this very
spot encamped his band of 150 con
querors, December 13, 1540.”
Beautiful Hanging 1 ark.
It was from the top of Santa
Lucia, with its sharp cliffs and steep
slopes, that Huclen-Huala, surround
ed by a gorgeous retinue of chiefs
in full regalia, had been accus
tomed to issue his decrees to his
people before the* coming of the
Spaniards. Now vanquished, he was
forced to abandon bis rock
bound citadel and dwell ever after
in the valley below.
It was not until 1872 that work
was begun on transforming this
once rugged mass of rock into a
magnificent hanging park, for
which level Buenos Aires might
freely offer a million cattle or a
season’s garnering of wheat. It was
then that Don Benjamin Vicuna
Mackenna began its transformation.
Public and private munificence
alike have shared in its embellish
ment, and today it is a mass of lux
uriant vines, blossoming trees, and
flowers, with here and there
glimpses of stairs, roadways, cliffs
and walls, towers and battlements,
chapels and monuments. Flower
beds and fountains ornament the
terraces; trees, shrubs, and over
hanging vines border the driveways
and promenades. Here are dancing
pavilions, restaurants with pictur
esque nooks and balconies, and
rustic seats for those who wish to
enjoy a view of the city, valley, and
mountains from such a charming
vantage ground.
Avenue of the Delights.
From Santa Lucia we wander up
the Avenue of the Delights and ap
preciate the enthusiasm of the San
tiaguino for his capital’s major thor
oughfare. For here one may see
not only an imposing array of beau
tiful statuary, splendid residences,
and all that makes a morning stroll
delightful, but one may also find a
cross-section of Chilean life.
The Alameda is 300 feet wide and
4 miles long. It was General O’Hig
gins who banished the river to make
the city’s principal boulevard. Many
new buildings border it, including
the splendid National library and
the famous Club Union. The cen
tral parkway formerly was adorned
with four rows of trees—oaks, elms,
acacias, and other varieties. In re
cent years these have been removed
as a military precaution.
The Alameda is Chile’s “Hall of
Fame,” not encompassed by four
walls, but placed in the capital’s
most frequented promenade, where
the birds sing and the children frol
ic, and where the stories of sculp
tured marble and bronze inspire the
multitude to patriotism and cour
age. Here is a stately monument
in memory of Don Jose de San
Martin, the Washington of South
American freedom.
A few blocks beyond the Alameda,
with the business district inter
vening, is the Plaza de Armas, once
the center of the open-air social
life of the capital. Even today there
are certain evenings of each week
when a large proportion of Santiago
wanders there to see and to be
seen. On one side of the square is
the cathedral, on another the^post
office and government telegraph of
fices. The remaining two sides are
occupied by arcades with picture
esque shops.
Promenade of Youth.
There are walks around and
through the Plaza, and during the
evening promenade these are
crowded with people on pleasure
bent, always moving in two lines.
Round and round they go, lovely
young girls walking with their du
ennas, and the handsome young
men, in their clothes of latest cut,
usually in groups, the members of
each line undisguisedly looking
over and assessing the members of
the other.
In spite of the watchful eyes of j
the mothers who bring their daugh
ters to the promenade, which usual
ly takes place on Thursday, Satur
day, and Sunday evenings, Cupid i
seems to And the Plaza a delightful 1
haunt.
The cathedral stands on the site
which Valdivie appointed for the
erection of Chile's first church. It
contains numerous paintings by old
masters; a reclining, life-size fig
ure of San Francisco de Xavier,
carved from the trunk of a pear
tree; a monstrance and altar of sil
ver more than 200 years old; and a
crystal chandelier which hung in
the room where the first Chilean
congress met. The organ is one of
the finest in the world. It came to 1
Chile by accident. The ship which
was carrying it to Australia was
wrecked in the Strait of Magellan; ;
the organ was salvaged, purchased
at a bargain, and placed in the ;
cathedral.
Across the city from the Plaza de
Armas is the Parque Cousino. the !
Central park of Santiago. It is |
about a mile long and half a mile
wide, green with eucalyptus, aca
cias, poplars, magnolias, and myr
tle and a great variety at shrubs,
vines and glasses. Here and there
are charming little lakes and love
ly flower beds. In the center is a
parade ground, flanked by a grand
, stand.
HOfc^RE
Vouysm
/DR. JAMES W. BARTON
T«fi»i About O
Thoughts for the Middle-Aged.
'T'HE great loss to families, to
business, and to whole commu
i nities by the sickness and death of
middle-aged men and women is
arousing thinking individuals to the
need of seeking the cause and re
moval of this terrible wastage. Men
and women work hard in their youth
and early manhood and womanhood
and then are laid away on the shelf
Dr. Barton
by some chronic ail
ment or may pass
to the beyond in a
few days or weeks.
And this occurs just
when they can give
most to and get
most from life.
And so many of
these cases might
have enjoyed and
contributed much to
life had they given
half as much
thought to their
health and to their bodies as they
had to their business or profession.
After all that body of yours is
what does everything for you—gives
you strength to play, to work, to
think or plan, to enjoy life’s great
est successes and pleasures, and
alas, to suffer life’s greatest de
feats and almost unbearable pain.
To have health and strength is
life’s greatest asset, to be ill or fee
ble in body is perhap3 life’s greatest
liability.
And you can get from that body
of yours just what you can get
from other activities, that is just
what you put in it. But, as Glad
stone said, “All time and money
spent in training or caring for the
body, pays a larger rate of interest
than any other investment.”
Use Body’s Full Power.
Now you can get certain results
or power from a Ford engine just
as you can get certain results or
power from a Rolls Royce; the
whole thought is to use the full
power of that body of yours—no
more, no less—if you are to live
safely and happily.
And the first thought is to be
overhauled by your family physi
cian. This doesn’t mean a ten
minute chat with him, but a thirty
to fifty minute examination when
he has the time to do it. It means
examination of eyes, ears, nose,
throat, sinuses, heart, lungs, blood
pressure, urine, blood, liver and
gall bladder. A talk about your
food, amount of rest, and amount
of exercise taken daily may make
all the difference between health
and ill-health.
And when your doctor has fin
ished, let your dentist make a com
plete examination, including the use
of the X-ray.
This investment of time and mon
ey will pay real dividends.
Dinitrophenol, Weight Reducer.
The fact that health authorities
are not writing or saying much
about dinitrophenol, the weight re
ducing drug, is not because it is not
effective in reducing weight, bpt be
cause of the serious results which
have occurred in some cases—se
vere skin eruptions, cataracts and
even death.
It is interesting to see the results
of the use of dinitrophenol where its
action could be checked closely.
Drs. E. L. Bortz, Anthony Sin
doni, Jr., and E. M. Hobson in
Pennsylvania Medical Journal re
port their experiences in the meta
bolic (building up and breaking or
wearing down of the body tissues)
clinic of the Lankenan hospital over
a two year period. The object of
the investigation was to find out the
value of dinitrophenol in reducing
weight, in what cases it could be
safely used, in what cases it would
be unsafe to use it, how it could
be known beforehand or as early
after treatment as possible wheth
er or not it was safe to use it.
There were 60 cases studied,
ranging in weight from 150 to 400
pounds; 12 were men and 48 were
women. They were placed on a diet
and also on a diet with dinitrophe
nol. With the use cf the dinitrophe
nol the average weekly loss of
weight per person was two to three
pounds, whereas on the diet alone
the average weight loss per person
was one quarter to one pound week
ly
Symptoms of poisoning irom me
dinitrophenol found with some of
the cases were itching, hives, nau
sea and vomiting, diarrhea, ner
vousness, slight rise in temperature
and in blood pressure.
The outstanding fact discovered in
this hospital was that “the quantity
of dinitrophenol necessary to pro
duce loss of weight in patients who
are eating their regular full meal?
is so large in the majority of cases
that it is practically unsafe to use
the dinitrophenol. For this reason
it is wise to use this drug only
when the food has been cut down in
amount.”
Another fact brought out was that
patients may show symptoms of in
toxication or poisoning from dini
trophenol after a very few doses
have been taken, or they may take
the drug without symptoms for sev
eral weeks and then suddenly de
velop symptoms of poisoning. Thus
far there is no method by which
the patient’s sensitiveness to dini
trophenol can be learned before
hand.
©—WNU 8«rvlo».
I
On to Success—
□ With It Comes Boldness in New Ideas; Our
Sphere of Friends and Activities Expands
A POOR salesman may be a
genius at gardening, an in
different stenographer sometimes
never suspects her own gift for
cookery, for dress design, for abil
ity to pick up foreign languages.
By thinking candidly about your
self, by being as friendly to your
self as you would be to another,
you can often dra.v up a picture
of your tastes, abilities, desires
and hopes which will astonish you.
Take an inventory of yourself,
paying special attention to the
things you like but which you have
little of in your daily life. Then
start putting them into it.
From Interest to a Specialty
Often we have to begin slowly
—reading, or finding courses of in
struction within our means, or
working out a program for our
selves in solitude; but every day
something can be done toward the
new way of living. It can grow
from an interest into a hobby,
from a hobby into a side line,
from a side line into a specialty.
Then comes the day when the un
satisfactory work can be given up
(to someone who will find it as
satisfying and as absorbing as we
find our own new field) and suc
cess is at last really and notice
ably on its way to us—or we 9c
on our way to it.
Vitalizes Character
Then living begins to be fun. We
meet people with the same tastes,
not just the chance acquaintances
who come our way in an uncon
genial profession. Having suc
ceeded once, we begin to show a
little daring; we try new ideas
more boldly, and oui world of
friends and activities expands
even more. Best of all, even a small
success has a vitalizing effect on
character.
That is the most interesting dis
covery that success brings in its
Plane Starter
Launching transatlantic planes
by means of electric trains is the
latest method suggested by Eng
lish aeronautic experts to get the
heavily loaded ships into the air
without damage.
A plane would be lifted onto a
special railway car by means of a
huge crane. The car, pulled by an
electric locomotive, would then
tear across the airport at high
speed and launch the ship into
the air.—Washington Post.
train: those who are living suc
cessfully make the best friends.
They are free from malice and
spitefulness. They are not petty.
They are full of good talk and hu
mor.—Dorothea Brande in Cosmo
politan.
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Dept. WII319. Wichita, Kans.; Chicago, I1L;
Philadelphia, Pa.; Los Angeles, Calif.
We Have Time
We’re never in a hurry; and our
life seems longer.
0 Here's a baking powder,
tried, tested and used exclu>
sively by experts.
• The Vegetable Fat in Jewel is given remarkable shortening
properties by Swift’s special blending of it with other bland cooking fats.
Jewel Special-Blend actually makes lighter, more tender baked foods, and
creams faster than the costliest types of plain all-vegetable shortening.
As Do Others
Curious. All grouches hate a
grouch; they cotton to the cheery.
Wisdom of Age
Most of the “wisdom of age’’ i
caution.
Everyone Needs Vitamin B
for Keeping Fit.* Stored so
Richly in Quaker Oats
• No matter what your age, or your
work, you can profit from the case of
the Dionne Quins.
For doctors say that nervousness,
constipation, poor appetite, which
strike at young and old, alike, often
result when diets lack a sufficient
' amount of the precious Vitamin B.
Quaker Oats contains an abundance
of this great protective food element.
That’s why a daily breakfast of Quaker
Oats does us all a world of good.
So order by name from your grocer
today.
• Where poor condition it due to
lack of Vitamin B.
Your Advertising Dollar
buys something more than space and circulation in
the columns of this newspaper. It buys space and
circulation plus the favorable consideration of our
readers for this newspaper and its advertising patrons.
Let us tell you more about it.