The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, October 08, 1936, Page SIX, Image 6

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    The Frontier
D. H. Cronin, Editor and Proprietor
Entered at the Postoffice at O’Neill,
Nebraska, as Second Class Matter.
One Year, in Nebraska ... $2.00
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lisher and subscriber.
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10c per line, first insertion, sub-,
sequent insertions, 5c per line.
-ABOUND NORTHEAST NEBRASKA
(Continued from page 1.)
pnatcd by the state was not suf
ficient to take care of all of the
applicants. As an illustration, in
Madison county there are 588 per
sons on the old age pension list.
The county gets $7,026 each month
to pay these 588 persons an old
age pension. This amounts to about
$13 per person. Applications by
new people wanting to get on the
_j>ension rolls come in regularly and
the counties can pay only what
money they have and this is being
distributed equally among the ap
plicants. The new legislature will
be faced with new appropriations
for this pension.
Cases are continuing to come to I
light wherein drouth stricken farm
ers have sought emergency WPA
employment and have been certified
to work on projects so far removed
from their homes as to involve an
almost prohibitive amount of driv
ing to and from work.
In addition to the inconvenience
of so much daily travel, the men so
employed are finding that it is
costing them as much or more to
operate their cars daily over that
driving distance than they are able
to earn at their jobs. It has been
obvious that some cure of this con
dition is essential. One remedy, of
course, is the provision of addition
al projects which can be authorized
in the communities situated nearer
to these WPA workers. Pending
the time that the situation can be
solved that way, the WPA has con
sented in the most outstanding
cases to provide a grant for the
farmer and his family, independent
of the otherwise accompanying re
quirements of daily employment.
This will tend to help those men
who had complained of their w6rk
ing conditions until such a time as
additional and suitable projects
may be provided for them.
The district looks somewhat bet
ter than a few weeks ago. Fall
pastures are almost assured in
some localities but some farmers
still report that their pastures are
dry and rain and more rain is need
ed. Some of the fall sown grain
is doing well but in spots is slow
in coming up. Livestock can be
found in the corn and grain fields.
The additional pasture is helping
with the feed supply and the de
mand for hay is not as heavy as it
has been. However, farmers feel
that after the first heavy snow the
hay demand will be again prevail*
injr. -
Open season on political candid
ates. About four weeks more and
the voters will give the answer to
a lot of questions asked by the can
didates now over the country.
St. Charles Parish, in Cuming!
county, is presided over by Rev.
Peter Grcbbel. He has a great
history of early Cuming county
pioneers. Believe it or not, St.
Charles is older than West Point.
William Clausen, who runs the
taxi line in West Point, is a collect
or of automobile license plates.
Probably he is the owner of more
varied collections of these plates
than any other collector. Auto
plates from nearly every state in
the union and the Canadian pro
vinces decorate the walls of his
office.
Old time baseball players have
been asking what has become of
Meadows Zacek and his brother,
Casey Zacek. Meadows, who used
to catch for the Western league,
runs a blacksmith shop in West
Point. He keeps his own box score
of the world series for the baseball
fans there. Casey is the operator
in the Northwestern depot in the
same town.
More than .100 people attended
the meeting at Rief’s Hall north
and east of West Point Tuesday
night. The forty-five piece Wisner
high school band, which gave a con
cert, was given an unusual ovation
by the gathering of farm folks
from several counties.
KARL STEFAN.
THE NEBRASKA
SCENE
by Janies R. Lowell
The time has conn* to stop, look
and listen where politics are con
cerned. Sore spots are developing
in the present campaign, and a
number of persons are forgetting
that it really doesn’t make a lot of
difference who gets elected.
The democratic party is at an ad
vantage this year and is able to
maintain a campaign at a compar
atively high level, where, where
as the republicans are forced by
necessity to resort to offensive
measures that are inclined to get
out of hand.
Last week’s high spotlight of the
political scene was Dwight Gris
wold’s widely published suggestion
that Dr. T. W. Bass, republican
candidate for state treasurer, retire
from the fracus. Griswold has an
established reputation for good
character and high ideals, but there
is considerable dissention in repub
lican party ranks as to the advis
ability and motive of his attack on
Bass.
Some political observers say that
Griswold as entirely sincere, but
they also point out that the out
break is ill-advised since Bass is
admittedly better qualified for the
office of state treasurer than his
democratic opponent and, in addit
ion, has an established reputation
for personal integrity as cited by
Griswold, despite the fact he was
treasurer in the depression period
of 1931-33, when private concerns
were losing money right and left.
The courts also have taken pains
to point out that Bass is absolved
for any implication of moral tur
pitude in the more or less political
affair that surrounds the case in
which he was commanded by the
supreme court to make good to the
state a matter of $2,9(59 for alleged
excessive coupon clipping. There
is no financial loss on Bass' should
ers as t?he bonding house with
which he dealt is ordered by the
court to repay him for this short
age. The facts are that if times
had been good, Bass would have
been put down on the recocrds as
Nebraska’s best treasurer instead
of being an object of litigation.
Doctor Bass has announced that
he will remain in the running, and
he has the backing of a good share
‘WELL, CROP REDUCTION’S WHAT
YOU WANTED, WASN’T IT?’
m*. by Tbt Cnn-»y Herald and Fianunyi
of the electorate, both democratic
and republican. Albert N. Math
ers, of Gering, who was a republi
can opponent of Congressman H.
B. Coffee in the Fifth district two
years ago, has refused to enter the
campaign as an independent can
didate for state treasurer.
The Douglas County Voters’
League, which is the largest labor
organization in the state, has en
dorsed a number of candidates, the
majority of whom are democratic.
President Rooosevelt and Senator
Norris were endorsed for re-elect
ion, as were Governor Cochran,
Lieut. Governor Walter H. Jurgen
sen, Secretary of State Harry
Swanson, and Commissioner of
Public Lands and Buildings Leo N.
Swanson.
Aside from Leo N. Swanson, the
only otjier republican candidates
endorsed were Dr. T. W. Bass for
state treasurer; Richard O. John
son for attorney general.
Issae B. Flint, evanglist of the
Ceresco vicinity, is a new petition
candidaate for congress from the
First district. He opposes Perry
and Lucky (incumbent).
The Lowell services poliitical sur
vey shifts this week to the Fourth
district, and finds the results large
ly democratic. Roosevelt looks good
for re-election in this district, and
Cochran because of his activity in
the flood period, has a material ad
vantage over Griswold.
Norris is a cinch in this district
and Bob Simmons has no chance.
Carpenter probably will run third.
The most interesting contest in
this district pertains to the supreme
court. Judge Paine has represent
ed this district very well but he has
a peculiar set-up to go against.
Judge Paine has represented, his
district for six years and has an
admirable record, but he is the vic
tim of circumstances and must
wage a valiant general election
fight whereas six months ago when
he announced his candidacy he was
without opposition. Judge Paine
was not connected with the su
preme court decision which valid
ated the tri-county set-up and
moreover he was alone in writing
the disseenting opinion on the de
linquent tax law. Those who wish
to investigate will find that he had
quite a lucid argument.
The fourth district seems inclin
ed toward Cochran for governor
while the presidential contest is
rather close. Leo N. Swanson is
considered a cinch for land commis
sioner, in view of the fact that he
has cut the cost of operating the
state capitol as well as inauguart1
ing a system for appraisal of state
lands which will stand for many
years. The congressional contest
between Denning and Binderup is
rather close with the incumbent
gaining from his position and the
opposition taking a number of
votes anent his more or less con
servative position.
Jurgensen the high man in dem
ocratic circles for vote getting will
have no trouble in capturing the
lieutenant governorship, whereas
Swanson (D) is a prime factor
over his youthful opponent from
Omaha. Dr. Bass still ranks first
for treasurer dispite the fact that
he has been subjected to undue
publicity during the past week.
Dick Johnson remains the white
hope of the republican party to
place in the current fracas in the
Fourth district. There is consider
able opposition to Johnson’s oppon
ent because of the alleged fact that
his opponent was largely instru
mental in promoting youthful Bill
Price, of Omaha, against Fred
Ayres for state auditor during the
primary.
One of the remarkable records
made by an officer of the state
house evolves upon the shoulders
of Leo Swanson, state land com
missioner. While it is not gener
ally known, well over a million dol
lars worth of state lands is under
the jurisdiction of the commission
er. During the winter of 1935 and
1936 occurred the coldest period in
the history of the state.
At the starting of Swanson’s ad
ministration, the charge for steam
for heating the capitol building
was 52 cents per thousand pounds.
Swanson claimed this was an ex
cessive rate. He immediately
fought the price of steam and re
duced it to the present rate of 40
cents per thousand pounds
The former rate paid for elec
tricity was two cents per kilowatt.
Swanson forced the price down to
one and one-half cents during the
summer months and to one and one
third cents during the winter. The
saving to the state on these two
items will be approximately $15,
000.00 over a period of two years.
Quotations from the great and
rear-great concerning the cam
paign follow: Quote “Senator
Barkley of Kentucky, democrat,
“This is more than a campaign be
tween two political parties, or two
men running for the same office.
It is a fight to retain what we have
gained in the past three and one
half years in restoring the Amer
ican people to prosperity and con
trol of theirgovernment.”—-Omaha.
W. C. Williams assistant United
States attorney general: “Presid
ent Roosevelt’s re-election Should
have been unoposed in the light of
the great humanitarian service he
has rendered America."—Lincoln.
Bob Simons republican nominee
for United States senator: “A
large number of persons who voted
the democratic ticket in 1932 now
will vote for Landon. Their aim is
reduced expenditues.”
C. P. Taft, son of the former
president: “There can be no econ
omic planning without abandon
ment of the democratic principals
of free enterprise and free speech.”
Dwight Griswold, republican
nominee for governor: “The
present state insurance problem in
Nebraska needs cleaning up, even
if it does step on republican toes
as well as democratic.”
In the near future county gov
ernments will be up against the
necessity of rendering more ser
vice per tax dollar.
The Federation of County Tax
payers wants first of all workable
budgets for all political subdivis
ions; operation on a cash basis;
standarized ami competitive pur
chasing assistance; standarized ac
counting systems that properly list
items of income and expendidture;
standarized auditing system that
will show where revenue comes
from and how it is spent.
The State Board of Educational
Lands and Funds last week exon
onorated the state soldiers’ relief
committee of any wrong doing in
connection with the recent charge
of illegal diversion of funds.
Douglas quit the job to run for
congressman in the First district
but was unsuccessful. He object
ed to the curtailment of salary for
his own daughter and attempted to
make political capital out of his
resignation.
It is one thing for Candidate
Roosevelt to repudiate in scornful
words the support of “Reds” and
other subversive elements; it is
quite another thing for President
Roosevelt to haVe so manipulated
the affairs of government and
taken unto himself the wrongful
powers which have had the effect
of gathering beneath his» banner
the very elembhts whom he pub
licly scoffs in the way of good po
litician argument. Is it not pos
sible that the President has gone so
far w\th his experimentation and
his latter-day crop of promises
that he cannot dodge the impli
cation that, willy-nilly, he does
have the earnest and enthusiastic
backing of those agencies whose
operations are abhorrent to all good
Americans.—Nebraska City News
Press.
WHOSE RECORDS?
High in the list of liberties cher
ished by the American people and
fostered by the American way of
government should be writterf,
“freedom of the records.”
Freedom of the records is a sym
bol of the American attitude tow
ard government. The people are
the boss. The man behind the
mahogany desk in the courthouse
or the national capitol works for
them.
Two months ago the World-Her
ald received rumors of unethical
goings-on in the works progress
administration of Pottawattomi
county. This newspaper under
took to investigate. It found that,
contrary to American precedent,
the WPA would not permit exam
ination of its pay roll and other
records.
Reluctant to believe that local
WPA officials were carrying out
the considered policy of the nation
al government, the World-Herald
wired and wrote higher officials,
including Harry L. Hopkins.
It was finally told, in almost so
many words that WPA would not
open its records to a newspaper or
any private investigating agency.
Thus the chief spending agency
of the new deal denied that the
people have any proprietary inter
est in its activities. “You are not
my boss,” it said. “My records
are not your records. I am inde
pendent, responsible only to my
self.”
A dictator, answering the same
inquiry, would have been less
courteous, more abrupt. But what
he said would have meant the same
thing.—Omaha World Herald.
It is our suggestion that those
who are so enthusiastic about the
New Deal, sing that old song about
never missing the water until the
well runs dry.
A Communist is a fellow who
believes in saving up some on else’s
l umbrella for a rainy day.
PROMISES .nj
Promise
NATIONAL DEBT
“I promise to you, my friends,
that government . . . be made
solvent and that the example be set
by the President of the United
States.”—Franklin D. Roosevelt,
Acceptance Speech, July 2, 1932.
“For three long years the Fed
eral Government has been on the
road toward bankruptcy . .
“With the utmost seriousness I
point out to the Congress the pro
found effect of this fact upon our
national economy . . .
“Too often in recent history lib
eral governments have been wreck
ed. on rocks of loose fiscal policy.
We must avoid this danger.”—
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Message to
Congress, March 10, 1933.
| Performance
NATIONAL DEBT
Increase in gross debt of the
United States during the Roose
velt administration:
March 4, 1933 .... $20,937,000,000
June 30, 1936 .. 33,779,000,000
Total .. $12„842,000,000
Average annual increase $3,862,
000,000.
On June 30, 1936, the gross debt
was $33,779,000,000.
The total increase in debt from
March 4, 1933, to June SO, 1936,
was $12,842,000,000.
In addition the United States
Government has guaranteed the
principal and interest of $4,467,
000,000 of securities issued by var
ious governmental corporations.
(From Daily Statement of the
United States Treasury.)
Farmer Explodes
'Scarcity' Theory
Proves Growers Got More
for Grains in Years
of Big Crops.
PLAINFIELD, ILL.—Farmers get
as much or more for their grain in
years of large crops than in the
small-crop years.
This simple refutation of the en
tire "scarcity” theory of the Roose
velt administration was found in
records of the Department of Agri
culture Year Book by Homer B.
Grommon, "dirt” farmer with 450
acres near here, and president of
the Farmers’ National Grain Deal
ers’ association.
Mr. Grommon’s conclusions are
based on comparisons of the 13 larg
est crop years of the last 26 with the
13 smallest. Here is what he found:
Average value of United States
wheat crops in the years of plenty—
1 billion 69 million dollars a year;
in the years of scarcity (planned or
not)—677 million.
Average corn crop value in years
of plenty—2 billion 115 million; in
years of scarcity—1 billion 737 mil
lion. Average oat crop in years of
plenty —5 billion 575 million; in
years of scarcity—5 billion 574 mil
lion.
Average prices received during
the "big” years were: wheat, $1.20
a bushel; corn, 75 cents, and oats,
43 cents. Averages in the “lean”
crop years: wheat, $1.01; corn, 74
cents, and oats, 43 cents. Even
when the World War years are ex
cluded entirely, the average wheat
price was $1.17 for big-crop years
and 88 cents for little-crop years.
The following table shows the
course of wheat prices over the last
26 years:
Thirteen Largest Crops.
Production Farm Price*
Year (million bu.) (Per. bu.)
1915 .1,009 $.92
1919 . 952 2.16
1928 932 .39
1928 . 913 1.00
1918 904 2.04
1914 897 .99
1930 890 .67
1927 875 1.19
1922 . 847 .97
1920 . 843 1.83
1924 . 840 1.25
1926 834 1.22
1929 . 822 1.03
Total .11,558
Average . 889 $1.20
Thu teen Smallest Crops.
1921 . 819 $1.03
1923 . 759 .93
1913 751 .80
1932 . 746 .38
1912 730 .76
1909 . 684 .98
1925 . 669 1.44
1916 . 635 1.60
1910 . 625 .88
1917 . 620 2.01
1911 . 618 .87
1933 . 529 .74
1934 . 496 .88
Total .8.082
Average . 668 $1.01
•Price per bushel received by pro
ducers. Prices for years 1909 through
1918 are as of Dec. 1 of each year.
Prices for years 1919 through 1934 are
weighted average prices for crop mar
keting season.
Large crops mean jobs in both
the city and country, Mr. Grom
mon pointed out. The difference be
tween average big-crop years and
average small-crop years, including
wheat, corn and oats is 26 million
tons of grain, which would make 13
million two-ton loads for trucks.
Thus a demand would be created
for truck manufacturers, gasoline
distributors and all the other opera
tions of transportation, processing
and manufacture. People would
have more money to buy the farm
er’s products.
When prices are raised by an arti
ficial or “planned” scarcity, there
is no corresponding rise in the abili
ty of the people as a whole to pay
those prices. Hence, the system
must fall down in time.
Roosevelt has no monoply on
human kindness.
I p.. , -. — ■ ——.
$2,500,000 of Taxpayers’
Money ‘Sunk’ in Creek
EAST ST. LOUIS, ILL.—“Vote
Republican” says a sign forty
feet long which spans the city
owned viaduct over Old Cahokia
creek here. “Cahokia creek,”
the sign explains, "is still here—
$2,500,000 taxpayers’ money is
gone.” That is the amount the
PWA spent to divert the channel
of the stream, which is an open
sewer. Another sign on 4he via
duct says, "Smell it.”
Hamilton Calls Roosevelt
Hand on Communism
NEW YORK.—‘‘President Roose
velt, in his first admittedly political
speech, at Syracuse, immediately
went on the defensive in an attempt
to unlink his administration from
Communism,” John Hamilton, Re
publican National chairman,
charged here.
“So, again I ask the question I
have asked before,” said Mr. Ham
ilton. “How long, Mr. Roosevelt, do
you intend to affront the voters of
America by retaining as one of your
Presidential electors on the Demo
cratic ballot in New York state a
man who rendered financial aid to
Communists in Spain so that they
might continue to horrify the civ
ilized world with their murders of
clergymen and their pillaging of
churches?
“The i Presidential elector I re
fer to, Mr. Roosevelt, is Mr. David
Dubinsky, a former member of
the Socialist Party. Mr. Dubinsky
sent $5,000 to Spanish Communists
and boasted of raising $78,000
more.
“How much longer do you need?
Why are you delaying?”
No Future in New Deal,
Landon Warning to Youth
TOPEKA, KAS. — “The present
administration apparently believes
that there is no future for this coun
try,” Gov. Alf M. Landon told the
Young Republicans’ national con
ference here. “It has accepted the
idea that we have reached our peak
—that ahead of us is a large stand
ing army of unemployed; that, in
consequence, the government must
play a greater and greater part in
managing the details of our daily
lives instead of confining itself to
the expanding field of regulation in
the public interest.
“The Republican party, on the
other hand, utterly rejects this phi
losophy. It believes that America
still is on the upgrade, that we can
eliminate unemployment, that the
government should tighten the rules
governing business, but should not
attempt to manage business; that,
in a word, America will once again
be a nation where youth can be
confident of its future,” Gov. Lan
don declared.
Peek for Landon
CHICAGO—Gov. Landon and the
Republican party are with the farm
ers for "the fundamental principles
for which they have been fighting for
15 years,” George N. Peek, former
AAA administrator and foreign
trade adviser to President Roose
velt, declared here.
The New Deal is a black phant
om to every man who saves.
The Worst Is Yet To Come
The Roosevelt campaign is pre
senting an alibi for extravagant
spending by claiming that the in
come tax*'is the only tax that the
federal government has levied up
on its people and yet Landon talks
about hidden taxes and indirect
taxes just as Roosevelt did when
he was a candidate against Hoover.
This has caused the Republican
^committee to dig up the following
list of taxes that are levied to pay
for Roosevelt’s reckless spending.
The bureau of internal revenue
says that the government is now
collecting the following levies:
1. The federal tax on individual
incomes.
2. The federal tax on corpora
tion incomes.
3. The federal tax on corporate
surpluses.
4. The federal tax on beer.
5. The federal tax on liquor.
6. The federal tax on oleomai
garine.
7. The federal tax on gasoline.
8. The federal tax on lubricat
ing oil.
9. The federal tax on brewers’
yiort.
10. The federal tax on grape
products.
11. The federal tax on matches.
12. The federal excise tax om
employers.
13. The federal stamp tax on
stocks and bonds.
14. The federal stamp tax on
future sales of produce.
15. The federal stamp tax Oil
foreign insurance policies.
16. The federal stamp tax on
deeds of conveyance.
17. The federal excise tax On
tires and inner tubes.
18. The federal excise tax on
toilet preparations.
19. The federal excise tax On
furs.
20. The federal excise tax on
automobiles.
21. The federal excise tax on
radio receiving sets.
22. The federal excise tax on
mechanical refrigerators.
23. The federal excise tax on
sporting goods.
24. The federal excise tax on
firearms and shells.
25. The federal tax oh mixed 1
flour. »
26. The federal tax on capital
stock.
27. The federal tax on tele
phone, telegraph, radio and cablt
services.
28. The federal tax on oil trans
portation by pipeline.
29. The federal tax on safety
deposit boxes.
30. The federal tax on electric
al service. *
31. The federal tax on gifts.
32. The federal tax on admis
sion, dues and initiation fees.
33. The federal processing tax
on certain oils.
34. The federal tax on estates.
35. The federal tax on playifig
cards.
36. The federal tax on cigars,
cigarets and other tobacco pi -
ducts.
37. The federal tax on narcot
ics.!
In addition, the collection of tht
federal payroll tax will be started
soon.
However, if we could stop with
these taxes we would be settling
our bill with the tax collector 50
cents on the dollar because thi
last year Roosevelt spent $2 foi
every one that was collected in
taxes and he borrowed the rest.
Money borrowed is a debt that ha
to be paid some day or repudiated
so the taxpayer really hasn’t see:
anything -yet. After the election
in November he is in for some
more plucking or else government
bonds will become too difficult to
sell.— Marshalltown Times-Repub
lican.
TAXES MORE THAN WAGE'S
What effect have taxes on the
welfare of the workingman and the
peison who has saved a few dol
lars? An answer to that oft asked
question is found in some statis
tics recently released by the Nation
al Association of Manufacturers.
A survey of 694 representative
companies in the 25 leading indus
tries produced the astounding fact
that every time these enterprise*
pay out a dollar for wages they
likewise pay out $1.34 in taxes.
And every time they pay out a
dollar in dividends, they pay $1.42
in taxes.
In other words, if these compan
ies were tax-free, they could more v
than double their wages and div - l
dend payments.
No private industry can be tax
free—it costs money to pay for
legitimate governmental functions.
But when any unit of government
unnecessarily expands its activit
ies, the financial burden falls on
every man who labors and every
person who has saved. It hamp- ,
ers industry, delays progress aud i- \
a barrier to the employment of
(Continued on page 12, column 4 )
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