The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, September 03, 1936, Image 6

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around the
py Carter Field ^
Washington.—Will Europeans and
other foreigners buy more Ameri
can exports, say in the next year?
It would seem certain that they
should. It has been argued for many
years, and with apparently flawless
logic, that in order for foreigners
to buy American products, it was
absolutely essential that we should
Import foreign goods. Else how
would the foreigners pay for what
they bought?
No answer is apparent to that
question, and yet shrewd students
of international trade, foreign ex
change, and all the intricate prob
lems involved, are far from being
certain that what seems to be such
an obvious two plus two equals four
will work out.
There is no doubt about one phase
of the problem. America is going
to increase her purchases of foreign
goods enormously in the next year.
She has no alternative. If there
had been no drought, it is possible
that agricultural imports might
have been less—what with the AAA
knockec out and soil erosion con
trscts not yet firmly settled, Et
may be that American farmers
would have produced so much more
than last year, when AAA restric
tions applied, that last year's rath
er heavy farm imports would have
been cut
But with not much of a surplus
left over, and with crops down to
fractions of what they should be
because of heat plus lack of rain,
the United States is going to have
to import feed for cattle, grain for
humans, and, after a few months,
For the present the dumping on
the market of cattle for which there
is neither feed nor drinking water
will keep the domestic supply
plentiful. Later on meat must be
imported, Just as it was last year,
only more of it
Will Test Theory
Then will come the test of this
old tariff theory on which the two
major political parties have been
debating since the days of Grover
Cleveland without either ever con
vincing the other, a theory on which
college professors and pure intel
lectuals have generally taken the
side of the Democrats, holding that
the sensible thing to do was for
this country to produce what it
could most economically, sell that
abroad, and buy lrom abroad things
It was more expensive, or perhaps
Impossible, to produce here.
But no one ever really questioned
the Democratic statement that we
could not eat our cake and have it
too. Every one has always thought
that in order to export we must
import. Nothing else seemed to
make sense.
Incidentally this is the theory on
which the reciprocal trade agree
ments are based. The theory seems
excellent The difficulty, as in all
tariff matters, is in the practical
application. Naturally there is con
siderable bitterness in certain sec
tions because of the foreign compe
tition with local products this poli
cy involves. Lumber in the North
west, for example.
But with the whole world topsy
turvy, two and two may not make
four any more. Any nation with a
surplus to spare, ind some that can
not really spare it (as when Russia
sold us wheat in the early Hoover
days and made her people do with
black bread) will sell to us.
Weird Politics
Out in Nebraska they are having
some weird politics this year. Not
that this should be so surprising In
the state which projected William
Jennings Bryan and George W. Nor
ris into the national political arena,
but there are some interesting new
twists to the situation.
Most of it revolves around a gen
tleman whose name is fairly new
nationally, but who happens to be
the Democratic nominee for United
States senator, seeking the toga now
adorning George W. Norris. His
name is Terry McGovern Carpen
ter, and he won the Democratic
nomination in a primary, although
his state convention seemed little
impressed thereby. The convention
wanted to follow Franklin D. Roose
velt and James A. Farley, who
thought Nebraska should return Un
cle George Norris to Washington.
What brings the situation to a
head right now is the public dis
cussion, started by Senator Edward
R. Burke himself, ss to whether he
should not resign as Democratic
national committeeman because he.
Burke, does not Want Carpenter
elected. Burke’s theory is that per
haps a national committeeman
should be for the whole ticket. As
he is not for the whole ticket, he
wonders if he should not resign.
But this is highly embarrassing
to Farley, chairman of the nation
al committee. For Farley is abso
lutely with Burke in being against
Carpenter, and for the same rea
There used to be just one reason
—desire for the re-election of Nor
ris—but Carpenter has not taken his
slighting lying down. He has had
plenty to say—plenty that hurt. So
now Burke and Farley not only
want Norris elected—they want
Carpenter defeated. They might
not admit it, but either would far
prefer the election of the regular Re
publican, Robert G. Simmons, to a
victory by Carpenter—especially as
tbe Democratic majority in the up
per house will be topheavy for the
next two years anyhow, regardless
of what may happen in this elec
Attacked Mullen
Carpenter has made himself par
ticularly obnoxious to Farley and
Burke by attacking Arthur F. Mul
len. It will be recalled that Mullen
was a Democratic national com
mitteeman for many years until the
famous purge of the committee—
the assertion at the White House
that members of the national com
mittee should not hold federal of
fices, and should not lobby!
Aimed at somebody else, it hit
both Farley and Mullen, much to
the distress of the White House.
Mullen did not want to resign,
thought the clamor was foolish, but,
the White House having spoken,
the reporters kept after him. So
he finally did.
Mullen kept right on represent
ing this and that interest in Wash
ington, his influence being impaired
not one whit by the mere fact that
he had resigned. Public Works Ad
ministrator Harold L. Ickes resent
ed the size of some fees Mullen
was demanding from PWA proj
ects, and wanted to cut a couple
of them from $75,000 to some un
named reasonable figure.
But Mullen sued. The project
did not fight in court, and Mullen
Mullen is by way of being Jim
Farley’s lieutenant. He was be
fore the Chicago nomination of
Roosevelt and has been since.
Burke is by way of being Mullen's
lieutenant. He was put in as na
tional committeeman in Mullen’s
place when Mullen resigned.
So when Carpenter hits Mullen,
talking about his loboying, his fees,
etc., he hits both Farley and Burke.
All of which adds considerably to
such gayety as can exist in oven
like Nebraska.
Add to Debt
Between three and four billion
dollars will be added to the nation
al debt next year if the promise is
kept that was made after the spec
tacular White House conference be
tween President Roorevelt, Secre
tary of the Treasury Henry Mor
genthau, Jr., Chairman Pat Harri
son of the senate finance commit
tee, and Chairman Robert L.
Doughton, of the house ways and
means committee. *
The only alternative is for the
government simply to eliminate
federal relief appropriations next
year—not cut them down, but cut
them out. No one either politically
or economically minded believes
the administration has the slightest
thought of doing this.
Which leaves the situation where
it was. The present tax law. after
its revision toward the end of the
last session, was calculated to do
certain specific things. The addi
tional revenue i* was to provide
was to make up the loss of the AAA
processing taxes, to make up the
one year already passed in which
those processing taxes had not
been received, and to make up the
additional cost of payment of the
bonus some years ahead of pre
vious calculations.
This means that the present tax
law was and is calculated to bal
ance the federal budget—except for
relief appropriations.
Relief appropriations include
WPA, PWA, CCC. the Tugwell re
settlement, and half a dozen other
spending agencies. They are run
ning at the rate of between three
and four billion dollars a year.
So the calculation was that the
total of taxes taken in each year
would meet all other government
expenses, but that those for relief
should be classified as emergency,
and should be paid for by going in
to debt—selling additional bonds
on which interest must be paid.
Much Opposition
Incidentally, it is this very last
point on which Father Coughlin and
Representative William Lemke,
candidate for President on the
Coughlin ticket, are most bitter.
They believe that such expenditures
should be financed with paper mon
ey issued by the Treasury, to be re
deemed when the government de
sires, but on which no interest
should be paid in the meantime.
Incidentally lots of people would
favor this plan, which would 90
greatly reduce the tax burden now
and the much greater tax burden to
come—regardless of any promises
which may be made—if it were not
for fear that, once embarked on a
career of printing-press money, the
government could not stop. They
fear it would go on and on, as it
did in Germany and Austria, and
in every other nation that has ever
tried it, until the present currency
would be rendered valueless.
There is virtuallj no chance that
this printing-press money plan will
be adopted in the near future. Both
Roosevelt and Alfred M. Landon
are strongly opposed to it. Many
of the most ardent Townsend lead
ers are just as strongly opposed to
it They want $200 a montft for
the aged and they want it in dollars
of present value, not a reduced val
ue which inflation would bring
But there is a*virtual certainty
that the debt burden will be in
creased—that a minimum of three
billion dollars will be added to it
next year—in view of the promise
just made that taxes are not to be
increased next year.
C BeU Syndicate.—WNU Set vie*
Some Spanish
'waamm mil. iimnni umi r
Docile Cows Haul Bulls to Spanish Arenas.
Praparwl by National Geographic Society,
Washington, D. C.—WNU Service.
MADRID, the Spanish capi
tal; San Sebastian,
Spain’s swanky resort
where the American am*
bassador summers; Toledo, that
in’and Spanish town of oriental at
mosphere, and Barcelona, teeming
Mediterranean port, have been
thrust into the spotlight recently
by political disturbances.
Madrid is a modem capital. There
are only a few narrow streets, old
fashioned dwellings and arcaded
plazas to remind a traveler that its
tree-lined boulevards, tall palatial
buildings, subways and airports
evolved from a restricted wall-girt
Spanish town.
While modernization has gone
steadily on in recent years, there
have been times when nearly whole
sections of the city bowed at once
to the plan of the city builders. In
the construction of the splendid
Gran Via, with its big hotels, smart
shops, department stores and sky
scraper business buildings, more
than four thousand dwellings in a
labyrinth of ancient streets in the
heart of the city were demolished.
The Gran Avenida de la Libertad
is one of the finest boulevards in
Europe with its flanking govern
mental palaces, museums, hotels
and palatial residences overlooking
spacious plazas and parks. The
Avenida’s wide, tree-shaded walks
for pedestrians, lying between the
inner and outer automobile and car
riage highways, are normally much
alive by day and literally thronged
by early evening. Rows of chairs
are parked on each side of the
broad walk.
All along the walk are refresh
ment booths where soft drinks are
the main stock in trade. As one sits
sipping a cool, creamy, almond
flavored horchata, a boy known as
a barquillero appears with a barrel
like receptacle containing sweet,
rolled wafers called barquillos. One
hands the boy a coin, spins a wheel
atop the barrel and watches for the
figure which indicates the number
of wafers one wins.
Parade on the Avenida.
Meanwhile, the sidewalk parade
passes on—army officers in brilliant
uniforms, men garbed in black,
pretty, graceful dark-haired women
and sturdy bareheaded, barelegged
children. Wizened peanut vendors,
and coquettish flower sellers raise
their voices above the din of loud
conversation and laughter. The men
of Madrid are clean-shaven for the
most part; the women have bobbed
hair. Fans are the vogue in Madrid,
and a colorful tint they give to the
afternoon promenaders.
Madrid's summer temperature is
high, but it is a dry heat. In the
sun you broil, but wherever there is
shade, there is a breath of cool air
from the near-by mountains. The
city is more than 2,000 feet above
sea leveL
Abundant water has made it pos
sible thoroughly to flush the streets
from four to six times a day. Along
with this systematic tree planting
and park development have made
a refreshing city in the midst of a
scorched plain long stripped of
trees. The old Castilian farmer be
lieved the birds were mortal ene
mies and left no haven for them.
Madrid’s shops close every after
noon from one or two to four or five
o’clock. The dinner hour is from
8:30 to 10:30 but there Is plenty of
time left to enjoy promenades, band
concerts and movies before retiring,
for even the band concert continues
until 2 o’clock in the morning. If a
traveler stays up to put Madrid to
bed, he is likely to meet huge,
creaking, two - wheeled, hooded
carts lumbering into town with
country produce bound for the cen
tral market where hills of vege
tables are soon to rise.
San Sebastian Is Gay
Vacationists swarm to San Sebas
tian. A graceful scallop of beach,
constant cooling breezes from the
Bay of Biscay, regattas, yacht rac
ing, tennis tournaments, horse rac
ing, bull fights, roulette, and for
merly royal patronage made San
Sebastian the Newport of Spain.
Wealthy Spaniards from other sec
tions, diplomats, and foreigners,
however few in the city’s 80,000
people, have given San Sebastian a
European veneer over its native
In the midst of the summer fri
volities of Spain’s fashionable world,
local Basques impassively continue
their fishing, speaking their strange
language unintelligible even to
many Spanish visitors. Their name
for their city is Iruchulo.
The city stands near the eastern
end of Spain's northern coast, 10
miles from the French border
where the numerous visitors change
trains on the overnight trip from
Here the Pyrenees meet the sea,
and both unite to create unique
qualifications for a summer resort.
The Bay of Biscay rolls into San
Sebastian’s semicircular harbor in
a half-moon of blue-green, the same
regular curve repeated in the
beach’s yellow crescent.
At the opposite ends of its mile
diameter rise rocky headlands
which have offered for centuries
protection against naval assaults.
The western bluff supports a new
lighthouse beside the abandoned
one, now an observation tower. On
the eastern mountain stands a sub
stantial Spanish castle, less asso
ciated with dreams than with night
mares of siege.
A distinctive atmosphere survives
in the Old Town. In this Basque
fishing settlement, at the foot of
Mt. Urgull, dark nets dry along the
wharves and laundry hangs from
windows of the narrow, five and six
storied houses. Nearby the ancient
church of Santa Maria wears a
white-sailed ship above its doorway
to show kinship with its parishion
ers who must go down to the sea in
Toledo Looks Moorish
Toledo occupies the crest of a hill
rising nearly 200 feet from the
Tagus River, 47 miles southwest of
Madrid. When the catapult was the
modern engine of war, it was al
most impregnable. The Tagus
formed an admirable moat on the
south, east and west sides; and tttfe
neck of land on the north stretching
toward a fertile plain, was protec
ted by the plurality of walls that
surrounded the city.
It is difficult to imagine that with
in less than two hours’ train ride
from the Spanish capital, there is a
city with marked oriental appear
ance. The Puente de Alcantara, the
principal gateway to Toledo on the
east, is of Moorish design with mas
sive high towers at each end. It
was built in the Thirteenth century.
From the time one steps upon
this bridge, until the river is re
crossed by way of the Puente de
San Martin, dating back fifty years
earlier than the Puente de Alcan
tara, the many relics and ruins of
medieval days in Toledo give a
flavor of Palestine and Arabia, with
a touch of French Gothic here ard
The road approaching the city
from the bridge winds around the
hill past the Hospital de Santa Cruz,
a fifteenth century building, and
then through a Moorish archway
that was nearly 400 years old when
Columbus discovered America. It
leads to the public square which
still retains its Moorish name—the
Zocodover. The “square” is really
a triangle with one slightly round
side. A wall of balconied buildings
surrounds it, pierced at frequent in
tervals by narrow cobblestone
streets hardly wide enough for two
Toledo donkey carts to pass. There
are narrow sidewalks but few pe
destrians use them.
Toward the middle of the city,
the lofty but graceful tower of
Toledo Cathedral rises above the
housetops. The narrow, winding
streets in the neighborhood, bor
dered by unattractive buildings, do
not permit a full view of the edifice.
It is a splendid example of French
Gothic architecture with carved
monuments, stained glass and trac
ery work comparable with that of
other European cathedrals. It
covers about the same area as
that of Cologne cathedral and took
266 years to build. The foundation
stone was laid in 1227.
Busy Old Barcelona
Barcelona is modern in appear
ance, although the port dates to the
second century and ranked with
Genoa and Venice in Mediterranean
trade in the Middle Ages.
The spacious harbor into which
the Phoenicians sailed in quest of
new peoples with whom to trade,
and which Columbus triumphantly
entered after his return from 1
America, now is pierced by long,
modern wharves, each accommo
dating several large ocean - going
vessels at a time.
The old quay, now well paved, is
lined on its inner side with modern
buildings and a promenade flanked
by two rows of palm trees occupies
its center.
The old part of the city, once
surrounded by a wall, still has some
of its canyonlike streets, and bal
conied windows of bordering build
ings nearly meet. But many of
these crooked lanes now open into
wide streets.
Barcelona has a magnificent
Gothic cathedral, a university,
many historic churches, museums,
and new buildings of pure “Barce
lona” architecture, the lines of
which simulate ocean waves, but
the out-door life of the inhabitants
is the lure of the Spanish city.
For the Little Princess
The simplicity but irresistible
charm of princess frocks ac
counts for their undiminished
popularity and appeal for those
who sew, and this one will make
an instant hit with the mothers
of growing daughters as well as
with the daughters themselves.
Slightly fitted at the waist to ac
cent the mild flare of the skirt,
this pretty and petite princess
model goes together like a
charm, the result of a minimum
of effort and expense. Puff
sleeves, a contrasting Peter Pan
collar, and a row of small bright
buttons down the front complete
the picture.
Daughter will love to choose
her own fabric — a printed mus
lin, percale, challis or sheer wool
—and with a tiny bit of coaching
she can make the frock herself!
Send today for Barbara Bell
Pattern No. 1828-B, available in
sizes 4, 6, 8 and 10 years. Size 8
requires 2 V\ yards of 35-inch
fabric plus Vt yard contrast.
Send 15 cents in coins.
Send for the Fall Pattern Book
containing 100 Barbara Bell well
planned, easy-to make patterns.
Exclusive fashions for children,
young women, and matrons. Send
15 cents for your copy.
Send your order to The Sewing
Circle Pattern Dept., 367 W.
Adams St., Chicago, 111.
© Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service.
j jl HOtiSEWIft I
To keep the coffee pot sweet,
boil a strong solution of borax in
it occasionally.
• * *
To remove print from flour
sacks, rub print with lard and let
stand over night. In the morning
boil in water with soap in it, then
rub until print has all dis
♦ • •
Never sprinkle rose bushes
with the hose. Put the hose on
the ground and allow the water
to t.eep in around the roots of the
• • •
Fill crevices in floors with
putty and smooth off with a knife.
Do this three or four days before
putting finish on floors.
* • •
If patent leather shoes and
belts are rubbed occasionally
with a glycerin-dipped cloth the
leather will not dry and crack.
• * *
Always wipe your electric iron
with a clean cloth before heating
it, to remove any dust or dirt.
* * *
Beets are fattening and there
fore excellent food for those de
siring to put on flesh.
* * *
Custard filling will not soak in
to crust if the white of an egg
is brushed over crust before pour
ing in custard.
© Associated Newspapers.—WNU Service.
Envy of Crooks 1
The fingers of Inslee Mount, an
American business man in Argen
tina, leave no readable prints.
He went to Buenos Aires to ob
tain an identification certificate
and the police got a shock when
his fingers only registered black
smudges. He said it was here
ditary and that his hands and feet
were insensible to cold or heat.
It’s lucky for the police that Mr.
Mount is not a crook.
^ 4
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nicate with us.
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mwm' vissj
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