The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, April 30, 1936, Page FOUR, Image 4
The Frontier 1XH. Cronin, Editor and I1 Entered at the Postoffice at O'Neill, Nebraska as Second Class Matter, ADVERT ISINgTrATE si Display advertising on pages 4, 5 and 8 are charged for on a basis of 25c an inch (one column wide) per week; on page 1 the charge is 40 cent an inch per week. Want ads, 10c per line, first insertion, subsequent insertions, 5c per line. One Year, in Nebraska -$2.00 One Year, outside Nebraska $2.25 Every subscription is regarded as an open account. The names of subscribers will be instantly re moved from our mailing list at ex piration of time paid for, if pub lisher shall be notified; otherwise the subscription remains in force at the designated subscription price. Every subscriber must understand that these conditions are made a part of the contract between pub lisher and subscriber. THE NEBRASKA SCENE by James R. Lowell The tax situation in Nebraska is looking up, judging from early re ports of county assessors as re turned to State Tax Commissioner Smith. The only troublesome spot on the horizon is how funds will be j raised for old age pensions and j other socoal security assistance I after 1986. Four townshipe in as many coun ties reported a total valuation of $227,460 compared with $191,040 last year. This includes personal property and livestock and grains on the farm, but not real estate. These early returns will be general for the state where the upward trend is concerned, Mr. Smith says, and they indicate a return to pros perity. The Box Butte county assessor has completed his list for automo biles under the 1935 law requiring payment of personal taxes on cars before license will be issued, and he has uncovered 533 more cars than were listed a year ago. This gives that county an increase of $129,500 in car valuations, and the same trend will be general for the state, according to the state tax commissioner. That the state and its local sub divisions will receive a substantial increase this year in intangible tax revenue on shares of non-resident corporations owned by people liv ing in this state is forecast by the new table of valud for such shares as prepared and dnstributed by Smith. Each year the list %»' made up showing market quotations on various stocks as of April 1, the as sessment date. Because of the great advance that has taken place in security values the past year, amountng in some cases to 400 or 500 per cent compared with April 1, 1935, Ne braska holders of such shares will have to pay accordingly. The tax rate is only .8 of a mill, however, and the amount of money to be realized from this source is not great. An interesting situation under the new' automobile tax law con cerns traveling salesmen who here tofore have hbtained their car li censes in such towns as Grand Is land, Norfolk and Columbus, while actually residing in other com munities such as Lincoln and Omaha. In many instances these persons have 1)6611 escaping paying a personal tak on their cars. The new law, however, pins these individuals doUm, and as a result they are busily engaged at listing their cars in their home communit ies where, for the most part, tax ratings are lower than in Hall, Platte and other counties where they previously obtained theirlicen ses. The state government and its subdivisions will realize a much larger return in taxes on cars this year than heretofore. Initiative petitions now being circulated by groups affiliat ed with the automotive industry calling for a vote of the people in November on amending the state constitution to prohibit use of gas oline tax money for anything ex cept on highways, are causing tax conscious individuals to scratch their heads. If the constitutional amendment goes thru, it appears that a one mill increase in the property tax must be levied to care for old age pensions, etc., replacing the pres ent 1-cent additional gas tax. Or the money might be raised thru in creased liquor and beer taxes and a tax of 2 cents per package on cig arets. , The automotive groups sponcer ing the amendment say they did not oppose the diversion of one cent per gallon for old age pen sions on the promise of Governor Cochran that it would be only tem. porary. The governor is not anx ious to continue using the gas tax for relief, and it appears the 1937 legislature will be up against an acute problem when social security funding comes up. Real estate is being revalued this year, but little change from two years ago will be noticeable. The amounts have been lowered twice since the 1929 peak and the average for farm land now is about SO per cent less than 1929. The revaluation will hike the rate for city property a little bit this year, however. The average assessed value of farm land in the state two years ago was $24.40, but the rate var ied widely above and below that figure in the different counties. Talk of an independent slate for state offices and U. S. senator in the fall election holds the lime light in political circles at the pres ent time, but the chances are that nothing will come of it. The principle reason for this is that petition candidates have been left out in the cold almost without ex ception during the past decade or so. Political observers say there is justification for injecting petition candidates into some of the state office contests where the primary election allegedly fell down on the job, but that so far as the guber natorial or senatorial contests are concerned it would be supercilious to attempt such a move except, perhaps, in the case of Senator Norris for re-election. Kenneth Wherry of Pawnee City has been mentioned as a petition candidate for governor, and Mayor Charles W. Bryan of Lincoln for senator, but those closest to the situation say this is all hot air. Both the democratic and repub lican state conventions are to be held at Omaha May 7, rfnd con siderable interest is being worked up for these events. The demo crats are to have 1,999 delegates at their convention, and the coun ties will send 1,257 delegates to the republican conflab. Each county will be given one delegate for every 300 votes cast for President Roosevelt in 1932. Douglas will lead the list with 198. Lancaster is second with 01, and Madison third with 25. Lancaster will have 130 dele gates at the republican convention, Douglas 212, and Scottsbluffs is third with 26. James C. Quigley, democratic state chairman, has indicated that he will not be candidate for re election, and the belief is^eurrent in democratic circles that| iCharles F. Barth, Seward attorney* will be Quigley’s successor. Successful candidates in the re cent primary are now enjoying a breathing spell, but considerable scheming1 is going on behind the scenes. Richard O. Johnson of Lincoln, winner of the republican nomination for attorney general, is getting off to the cleanest start of any of the candidates. His oppon ents have offered their wholeheart ed support in the fall election and declare that he is highly qualified to hold the office which he seeks. In most of the other contests there are defeated candidates who are nursing grudges. | The women of Nebraska have an unusual interest in the fall election in that they are hoping to see one of their sex elected to the board of regents of the state university for the first time in history. The Nebraska Association of Univers ity Women recently passed reso lutions demanding that a woman be placed on the board, and endors ing the candidacy of Mrs. Arthur L. Smith of Lincoln who success fully passed the primary test in the old First district.' The need for more efficient ad ministration of the state treasur er’s office has been accentuated by | developments of the past years, culminating in the investigation of the Hall, Bass and Stebbins reg imes. Records show that this gov ernmental post has had more than its share of inefficient bookkeeping, incompetency, carlessness and even criminal negligence. Inefficiency in the state treasur ery has always existed, it would appear and the high spot came when Joseph S. Bartley, who serv ed as state treasurer from 1893 to 1897, was charged with a $553, 074 shortage and subsequently sentenced to 21 years in the state penitentiary for embezzlement. When W. M. Stebbins went out of office in 1931, there was a $141, 000 shortage due to bank failures. The incoming treasurer, T. W. Bass, refused to accept the short age, so the financial powers that were charged it off to the general fund. Bass and the present state treasurer, George E. Hall, are rated as two of the best to hold the office, but both have come in for justified censure. Hall is charg ed with allowing the state to lose money by a lack of definite, con sistent and continuous policy in the selection and handling of the state’s permanent investments. Baps is facing a $56,338 judge ment brought against him, his bond clerk and their sureties for “care lessly permitting an Omaha bond house to detach coupons from bonds purchased by the state, in an amount in excess of that author ized by the board of educational lands and funds.” There was no ill intent on Bass' part, the court said, but he was guilty of care lessness. The recently reported audit of Stebbins’ terms as state treasurer reveals that he was guilty of the same fault as Bass. The attorney general now is seeking to deter mine whether Stebbins should be sued for approximately $140,000 of losses to the state shown in the audit. The ^udit indicated the bond losses resulted from carelessness or ignorance. To provide complete accounting for money handled, finance ex perts declare that the treasurer’s office should be audited every year or at least every biennium. They also say there must be greater continuity in the office as between successive treasurers, and that the state treasurer should be elected for a four year term, and not al lowed to hold the office two con secutive terms. More complete data on bond transactions must be provided for. STATE HOUSE SHORTS: The state hail insurance fund which last year vcas able to pay only 30 per cent of the total losses allowed for the 1935 season, is now taking applications on a new rate basis. Those areas where losses were heaviest last year must pay a high er insurance rate this year. The new rates range from 2M per cent in most of the eastern counties up to 8J4 and 10 per cent in a major ity of those in the west half of the state. The moisture deficiency for the state as a whole, as a result of the absence of the customery April showers, is worrying farmers and Nebraska business in general. The average state deficiency now is ap proximately 2 inches. Hospitalization facilities for tu berculosis victims is entirely inad equate for the state’s heeds, medi cal authorities have informed the state. 'There are only 100 beds at the Keftrney hospital, whereas sev eral times that many are needed. Unjust Enrichment There has been more than a sus picion that AAA was made to or der for the big farm operators. Recenj revelations seem *to bear that oht. Upon the insistent and persist ent demands of Senator Vanden burg the United States Department of Agriculture finally gave out some partial facts: A Florida sugar corporation re ceived over $1,000,000 for non-pro ductlon. A sugar firm in far away Puerto Rico received almost that amount in three years. One Hawaiian sugar firm received over a million dollars. With reference to products more commonly grown in this country, one cotton producer received $1G8, 000 for not growing 7,000 acres of cotton, and it so happens that from the begining he has been officially connected with the AAA. A wheat grower in California receiv ed $78,000 for not growing wheat. Senator Vandenburg charged that a certain hog farmer had received $220,000 for not raising hogs on 445 acres. When the facts are all available it will be discovered that in the vicinity of Boston and other metropolitan cities some of the largest payments were made for not growing hogs. One of the most potent argu ments against AAA was and is its inducement to bigness in farming and the disadvantages it imposed upon tenant farmers, especially in the south. The fellow who hap pened to be operating on a large scale when AAA went into effect found himself in clover, while the producer who had carefully follow ed market trends and adjusted his production was penalized for it. One flagrant abuse is the lease of government lands for large scale production. An illustration of it is the bonanza wheat farmer, Thomas Campbell of Montana, who holds a lease on 25,000 acres of Indian lands. He received over $22,000 for not growing wheat on these lands. It is an interesting situation when one government agency, the Department of the In terior, leases such lands for pro duction at from 50 cents to $1.50 per acre and another branch of the government, the AAA, pays the leasee $7.50 per acre for holding the land out of production. Some what the same may be said of the lease of millions of acres of gov ernment domain for other purposes in direct competition with farmers everywhere. The President referred to pro cessing taxes collected by process ors and in their hands when AAA was declared unconstitutional as “Unjust Enrichment” and “Wind falls.” He was right. How about items like those mentioned above ? —Nebraska Farmer. True “White-Man” Held to Be Genuine Albino , The only true ' white men'* are albino*. Others of the white race carry small amount of black pig ment which is found in the negro races, nnd some of the yellow pig ment of the orientals. Albino men lack pigment In the skin nnd in the hair and eyes. The hair is pure white, nnd the eyes show tiny lit tle blood vessels that make them look pink. “Albinos,” says a Cornell author ity, "have been known to occur among the black races. One type is known in certain black families in Jamaica, where black anil white spotting causes large blotches on the skin.” lie further notes that some traits both in men and animals are gov erned by sex. Where one sex nor mally shows a certain trait and the other does not, it is said to be sex linked. He gives as examples the heard in man. horns in male deer, and more brilliant plumage in cer tain birds. Each sex, lie says, can apparently transmit these traits of the other sex, but it cannot develop them under normal conditions. “Although men show red-gryen color blindness more often than women, a color-blind man will never hand it down to his sons. It goes only to his daughters, and through them to grandsons and granddaugh ters. If tlie son of a color-blind man develops color blindness,” the scientist points out. “we can be rea sonably sure that he got the trait, not from his father, who showed it, but from his mother, in whom the trait was hidden.” Built the Pyramid* Strictly speaking, the Pyramids ure really glorified graves! They were built to be tombs for Egyp tian kins of the fourth dynasty. The Great Pyramid was built about the year 4700 B, C. by Kliufu (or Cheops). This pyramid is 150 feet higher than St. Paul's cathedral and weighs about (1,'-40.000 tons. The pyramids are n solid mass of stonework und contain at the cen ter one or more tomb chambers, reached by long galleries—Path finder Magazine. --- The trouble with giving a fellow $200 a month after he is 60, is that then he is apt to be unable to have much fun spending the money. Why not retire them when they get to be 20? f __ GYPSlE STORY Joe Miller’s band of Gypsies, from “Brazil” is .reported to have performed in northeastern South Dakota recently and are said to have been ushered over the Miss ouri river by officers and it is pos sible the band may enter Holt county. At Aberdeen,*79 men, women and children were packed, in jail until they gave up $63 allegedly “bor rowed” of “clients” who had been asked to assist with a “sick Baby.” Among these was Dr. C. H. Parker, who missed $20. He lives at Hecla. For damage to jail $10 was paid. This band has 13 automobiles and there are 86 persons and one dog. Half a dozen sheriffs busied themselves in sending the Miller aggregation over county lines. If those of Holt county are tackled by this or anbther band whose principals of life seem built on sympathy and gullibility of others it would seem a telephone call to No. 45 at O’Neill, to Sheriff Duffy might be the proper thing to do. MONEY TO LOAN. I have Eastern Money to Loan also Loan Money on City Property, alsa Loan Money on City Property. See R. H. Parker, O’Neill, Nebr. BRIEFLY STATED Harold Rose, of Grand Island, was giving his future home the “once over” last Sunday. Henry Hunteman and son, Geb hard, drove up from Plainview last Saturday for a short visit with old friends here. Mr. and Mrs. Dougal Allen and Mr. and Mrs. Guy Cole, of Emmet, were transacting business in this city Tuesday. Arthur King and. W. H. Stein drove down to Omaha Wednesday and will be back today with a new car for Arthur. During the month of April thirty-two new automobiles were registered in the office of the county treasurer. Joseph Biglin, who had been in a hospital at Sioux City, Iowa, for a week receiving medical attention l returned home Friday afternoon, coming home with Mr. and Mrs. W, J. Froelich. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. O’Donnell and daughter, Louise, and Mr. and Mrs. Max Golden left this morning for a few days visit in Omaha. Mr. and Mrs. Tom Jensen, of Omaha, arrived in the city Mon day for a couple of days visit with relatiyes and incidently to look after business. The Presbyterian Ladies Guild will meet Thursday, May 7, with Mrs. R. M. Sauers, Mrs. G. L. Bachman and Mrs. Arlo Hiatt, as sisting hostesses. Mr. and Mrs. George Robertson and daughter, Doris, left Sunday for Hastings to visit with Mrs. Robertson’s brother. From there they are going to Lincoln to visit with relatives and look after busi ness. Mr. and Mrs. W, P. Curtis left last Friday for Berwyn, Nebraska, where they expect to make their home for a time. Mrs. Curtis’ mother is a resident of that town and has been in poor health for several months and they moved there so that Mrs. Curtis could look after her. The Frontier will visit them each week in their new home and keep them posted upon events in this section of the state. Mrs. J. F. O’Donnell and Miss Anna O’Donnell were co-hostesses at a delightful 6:30 dinner at the Golden Wednesday evening for eighteen ladies. Following the din ner the evening was spent at the J. F. O’Donnell home at cards. Mrs. H. E. Coyne won high score at bridge, Mrs. F. H. Butt at pinochle and Mrs. R. R. Dickson the all cut. Mrs. Grace Dwyer and Miss Mary DANCE K. C. Hall, O’Neill EVERY SATURDAY NIGHT at 9:00 p. m. GOOD MUSIC Sullivan of Butte, Mont., received guest prizes. The report of the third quarter grades at the Wayne state teach ers college showed Miss Helen Toy who is a sophomore there from this city, to be one of the highest rank ing students in scholarship. Miss Toy had an average of 1*4 and three-fourths per cent in all her subjects, which was the third high est grade in the school. Miss Toy is taking a two year teachers course at Wayne and will receive her degree in May. ANNOUNCEMENT I have taken over the Deep Rock ser vice station one mile north of the O’Neill cemeteries. I will meet competition at all times and give 24-hour service. Also handle StorzTriumph and GoefsCountry Club Beer. PRICES ON GAS TODAY 12.9 & 16.9 Call and See Me WILLIAM CUDDY NEW Dresses Silk Dresses—Bimberg—Crepe Romain Sheers, in all new pastel shades—Prints Knit Wash Dresses at only . . . $1.95 Wash Dresses—all sizes and colors. HATS Beautiful Spring and Summer hats in pastel shades and white. Flower and Veil Trim ming. COME IN AND TRY ONE ON Final Clearance on Dresses $1.98 «nd $2.98 Sale closes Saturday, May 2 In selecting gifts for Mothers' Day be sure and give us a call. BORDSON’S STYLE SHOP It ,W< DRIVE IT ! and drive home to yourself this truth: It's FIRST in its field because it's ttfie onfy comflderfe &nv-j?rtcet£ ca 'i. NEW PERFECTED HYDRAULIC BRAKES (Double-Acting, Self-Articulating) the safest and smoothest ever developed IMPROVED GLIDING KNEE-ACTION RIDE* the smoothest, safest ride of all GENUINE riSHER NO DRATT VENTILATION IN NEW TURRET TOP BODIES the most beautiful and comfortable bodies ever created far a low-priced car GENERAL MOTORS INSTALLMENT PLAN MONTHLY PAYMENTS TO SUIT YOUR PURSE ^ee*n6 is believing and driving is knowing that FOR ECONOMICAL ^ _ ^'1 , transportation the new 1936 Chevrolet is the only complete low-priced car! Its New Perfected Hydraulic Brakes and Solid Steel Turret Top Body make it the safest car built. Its Improved Gliding Knee-Action Ride*, Genuine Fisher No Draft Ventilation and Shockproof Steer ing* give unmatched comfort. .And its High-Compression \ alve in-Head Engine—the same type of engine that is employed in world - champion power boats, airplanes and racing cars—provides combined power and economy without equal. Drive the new 1936 Chevrolet today! CHEVROLET MOTOR CO.. DETROIT. MICH. HIGH-COMPRESSION VALVE-IN-HEAD ENGINE giving even better performance with even less gas and oil SOLID STEEL cne-piece TURRET TOP o crown of beauty, a fortress of safety SHOCKPROOF STEERING* mating driving easier and safer than ever before ALL THESE FEATURES AT CHEVROLET'S LOW PRICES j 5 jM n AND UP. List price oj /Vcu Standard ( ou pe ^^P ^^P at Flint. Michigan. With bumpers, spare tire and tire lock, the list price is $20 addi tional. 9Knee-Action on Master Models only, $20additional. Prices quoted in this adver tisement are list at Flint, Michigan, and nubjei* to change without notice. A Cent ral Motors Value. r' i Miller Bros. Chevrolet Co. / Phone 100 C- E' EUNDGREN, Mgr. . < O’Neill, Nebr.