The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, April 30, 1936, Page FOUR, Image 4

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    The Frontier
1XH. Cronin, Editor and I1
Entered at the Postoffice at O'Neill,
Nebraska as Second Class Matter,
Display advertising on pages 4,
5 and 8 are charged for on a basis
of 25c an inch (one column wide)
per week; on page 1 the charge is
40 cent an inch per week. Want
ads, 10c per line, first insertion,
subsequent insertions, 5c per line.
One Year, in Nebraska -$2.00
One Year, outside Nebraska $2.25
Every subscription is regarded as
an open account. The names of
subscribers will be instantly re
moved from our mailing list at ex
piration of time paid for, if pub
lisher shall be notified; otherwise
the subscription remains in force
at the designated subscription price.
Every subscriber must understand
that these conditions are made a
part of the contract between pub
lisher and subscriber.
by James R. Lowell
The tax situation in Nebraska is
looking up, judging from early re
ports of county assessors as re
turned to State Tax Commissioner
Smith. The only troublesome spot
on the horizon is how funds will be j
raised for old age pensions and j
other socoal security assistance I
after 1986.
Four townshipe in as many coun
ties reported a total valuation of
$227,460 compared with $191,040
last year. This includes personal
property and livestock and grains
on the farm, but not real estate.
These early returns will be general
for the state where the upward
trend is concerned, Mr. Smith says,
and they indicate a return to pros
The Box Butte county assessor
has completed his list for automo
biles under the 1935 law requiring
payment of personal taxes on cars
before license will be issued, and
he has uncovered 533 more cars
than were listed a year ago. This
gives that county an increase of
$129,500 in car valuations, and the
same trend will be general for the
state, according to the state tax
That the state and its local sub
divisions will receive a substantial
increase this year in intangible tax
revenue on shares of non-resident
corporations owned by people liv
ing in this state is forecast by the
new table of valud for such shares
as prepared and dnstributed by
Smith. Each year the list %»' made
up showing market quotations on
various stocks as of April 1, the as
sessment date.
Because of the great advance
that has taken place in security
values the past year, amountng in
some cases to 400 or 500 per cent
compared with April 1, 1935, Ne
braska holders of such shares will
have to pay accordingly. The tax
rate is only .8 of a mill, however,
and the amount of money to be
realized from this source is not
An interesting situation under
the new' automobile tax law con
cerns traveling salesmen who here
tofore have hbtained their car li
censes in such towns as Grand Is
land, Norfolk and Columbus, while
actually residing in other com
munities such as Lincoln and
Omaha. In many instances these
persons have 1)6611 escaping paying
a personal tak on their cars.
The new law, however, pins these
individuals doUm, and as a result
they are busily engaged at listing
their cars in their home communit
ies where, for the most part, tax
ratings are lower than in Hall,
Platte and other counties where
they previously obtained theirlicen
ses. The state government and its
subdivisions will realize a much
larger return in taxes on cars this
year than heretofore.
Initiative petitions now being
circulated by groups affiliat
ed with the automotive industry
calling for a vote of the people in
November on amending the state
constitution to prohibit use of gas
oline tax money for anything ex
cept on highways, are causing tax
conscious individuals to scratch
their heads.
If the constitutional amendment
goes thru, it appears that a one
mill increase in the property tax
must be levied to care for old age
pensions, etc., replacing the pres
ent 1-cent additional gas tax. Or
the money might be raised thru in
creased liquor and beer taxes and a
tax of 2 cents per package on cig
arets. ,
The automotive groups sponcer
ing the amendment say they did
not oppose the diversion of one
cent per gallon for old age pen
sions on the promise of Governor
Cochran that it would be only tem.
porary. The governor is not anx
ious to continue using the gas tax
for relief, and it appears the 1937
legislature will be up against an
acute problem when social security
funding comes up.
Real estate is being revalued
this year, but little change from
two years ago will be noticeable.
The amounts have been lowered
twice since the 1929 peak and the
average for farm land now is about
SO per cent less than 1929. The
revaluation will hike the rate for
city property a little bit this year,
The average assessed value of
farm land in the state two years
ago was $24.40, but the rate var
ied widely above and below that
figure in the different counties.
Talk of an independent slate for
state offices and U. S. senator in
the fall election holds the lime
light in political circles at the pres
ent time, but the chances are that
nothing will come of it. The
principle reason for this is that
petition candidates have been left
out in the cold almost without ex
ception during the past decade or
Political observers say there is
justification for injecting petition
candidates into some of the state
office contests where the primary
election allegedly fell down on the
job, but that so far as the guber
natorial or senatorial contests are
concerned it would be supercilious
to attempt such a move except,
perhaps, in the case of Senator
Norris for re-election.
Kenneth Wherry of Pawnee City
has been mentioned as a petition
candidate for governor, and Mayor
Charles W. Bryan of Lincoln for
senator, but those closest to the
situation say this is all hot air.
Both the democratic and repub
lican state conventions are to be
held at Omaha May 7, rfnd con
siderable interest is being worked
up for these events. The demo
crats are to have 1,999 delegates
at their convention, and the coun
ties will send 1,257 delegates to
the republican conflab.
Each county will be given one
delegate for every 300 votes cast
for President Roosevelt in 1932.
Douglas will lead the list with 198.
Lancaster is second with 01, and
Madison third with 25.
Lancaster will have 130 dele
gates at the republican convention,
Douglas 212, and Scottsbluffs is
third with 26.
James C. Quigley, democratic
state chairman, has indicated that
he will not be candidate for re
election, and the belief is^eurrent
in democratic circles that| iCharles
F. Barth, Seward attorney* will be
Quigley’s successor.
Successful candidates in the re
cent primary are now enjoying a
breathing spell, but considerable
scheming1 is going on behind the
scenes. Richard O. Johnson of
Lincoln, winner of the republican
nomination for attorney general, is
getting off to the cleanest start of
any of the candidates. His oppon
ents have offered their wholeheart
ed support in the fall election and
declare that he is highly qualified
to hold the office which he seeks. In
most of the other contests there
are defeated candidates who are
nursing grudges.
| The women of Nebraska have an
unusual interest in the fall election
in that they are hoping to see one
of their sex elected to the board
of regents of the state university
for the first time in history. The
Nebraska Association of Univers
ity Women recently passed reso
lutions demanding that a woman be
placed on the board, and endors
ing the candidacy of Mrs. Arthur
L. Smith of Lincoln who success
fully passed the primary test in
the old First district.'
The need for more efficient ad
ministration of the state treasur
er’s office has been accentuated by |
developments of the past years,
culminating in the investigation of
the Hall, Bass and Stebbins reg
imes. Records show that this gov
ernmental post has had more than
its share of inefficient bookkeeping,
incompetency, carlessness and even
criminal negligence.
Inefficiency in the state treasur
ery has always existed, it would
appear and the high spot came
when Joseph S. Bartley, who serv
ed as state treasurer from 1893 to
1897, was charged with a $553,
074 shortage and subsequently
sentenced to 21 years in the state
penitentiary for embezzlement.
When W. M. Stebbins went out
of office in 1931, there was a $141,
000 shortage due to bank failures.
The incoming treasurer, T. W.
Bass, refused to accept the short
age, so the financial powers that
were charged it off to the general
Bass and the present state
treasurer, George E. Hall, are
rated as two of the best to hold
the office, but both have come in
for justified censure. Hall is charg
ed with allowing the state to lose
money by a lack of definite, con
sistent and continuous policy in the
selection and handling of the
state’s permanent investments.
Baps is facing a $56,338 judge
ment brought against him, his bond
clerk and their sureties for “care
lessly permitting an Omaha bond
house to detach coupons from
bonds purchased by the state, in an
amount in excess of that author
ized by the board of educational
lands and funds.” There was no
ill intent on Bass' part, the court
said, but he was guilty of care
The recently reported audit of
Stebbins’ terms as state treasurer
reveals that he was guilty of the
same fault as Bass. The attorney
general now is seeking to deter
mine whether Stebbins should be
sued for approximately $140,000
of losses to the state shown in the
The ^udit indicated the bond
losses resulted from carelessness
or ignorance.
To provide complete accounting
for money handled, finance ex
perts declare that the treasurer’s
office should be audited every year
or at least every biennium. They
also say there must be greater
continuity in the office as between
successive treasurers, and that the
state treasurer should be elected
for a four year term, and not al
lowed to hold the office two con
secutive terms. More complete
data on bond transactions must be
provided for.
state hail insurance fund which
last year vcas able to pay only 30
per cent of the total losses allowed
for the 1935 season, is now taking
applications on a new rate basis.
Those areas where losses were
heaviest last year must pay a high
er insurance rate this year. The
new rates range from 2M per cent
in most of the eastern counties up
to 8J4 and 10 per cent in a major
ity of those in the west half of the
The moisture deficiency for the
state as a whole, as a result of the
absence of the customery April
showers, is worrying farmers and
Nebraska business in general. The
average state deficiency now is ap
proximately 2 inches.
Hospitalization facilities for tu
berculosis victims is entirely inad
equate for the state’s heeds, medi
cal authorities have informed the
state. 'There are only 100 beds at
the Keftrney hospital, whereas sev
eral times that many are needed.
Unjust Enrichment
There has been more than a sus
picion that AAA was made to or
der for the big farm operators.
Recenj revelations seem *to bear
that oht.
Upon the insistent and persist
ent demands of Senator Vanden
burg the United States Department
of Agriculture finally gave out some
partial facts:
A Florida sugar corporation re
ceived over $1,000,000 for non-pro
ductlon. A sugar firm in far
away Puerto Rico received almost
that amount in three years. One
Hawaiian sugar firm received over
a million dollars.
With reference to products more
commonly grown in this country,
one cotton producer received $1G8,
000 for not growing 7,000 acres of
cotton, and it so happens that from
the begining he has been officially
connected with the AAA. A
wheat grower in California receiv
ed $78,000 for not growing wheat.
Senator Vandenburg charged that
a certain hog farmer had received
$220,000 for not raising hogs on
445 acres. When the facts are all
available it will be discovered that
in the vicinity of Boston and other
metropolitan cities some of the
largest payments were made for
not growing hogs.
One of the most potent argu
ments against AAA was and is its
inducement to bigness in farming
and the disadvantages it imposed
upon tenant farmers, especially in
the south. The fellow who hap
pened to be operating on a large
scale when AAA went into effect
found himself in clover, while the
producer who had carefully follow
ed market trends and adjusted his
production was penalized for it.
One flagrant abuse is the lease
of government lands for large
scale production. An illustration
of it is the bonanza wheat farmer,
Thomas Campbell of Montana, who
holds a lease on 25,000 acres of
Indian lands. He received over
$22,000 for not growing wheat on
these lands. It is an interesting
situation when one government
agency, the Department of the In
terior, leases such lands for pro
duction at from 50 cents to $1.50
per acre and another branch of the
government, the AAA, pays the
leasee $7.50 per acre for holding
the land out of production. Some
what the same may be said of the
lease of millions of acres of gov
ernment domain for other purposes
in direct competition with farmers
The President referred to pro
cessing taxes collected by process
ors and in their hands when AAA
was declared unconstitutional as
“Unjust Enrichment” and “Wind
falls.” He was right. How about
items like those mentioned above ?
—Nebraska Farmer.
True “White-Man” Held
to Be Genuine Albino ,
The only true ' white men'* are
albino*. Others of the white race
carry small amount of black pig
ment which is found in the negro
races, nnd some of the yellow pig
ment of the orientals. Albino men
lack pigment In the skin nnd in the
hair and eyes. The hair is pure
white, nnd the eyes show tiny lit
tle blood vessels that make them
look pink.
“Albinos,” says a Cornell author
ity, "have been known to occur
among the black races. One type
is known in certain black families
in Jamaica, where black anil white
spotting causes large blotches on
the skin.”
lie further notes that some traits
both in men and animals are gov
erned by sex. Where one sex nor
mally shows a certain trait and the
other does not, it is said to be sex
linked. He gives as examples the
heard in man. horns in male deer,
and more brilliant plumage in cer
tain birds. Each sex, lie says, can
apparently transmit these traits of
the other sex, but it cannot develop
them under normal conditions.
“Although men show red-gryen
color blindness more often than
women, a color-blind man will never
hand it down to his sons. It goes
only to his daughters, and through
them to grandsons and granddaugh
ters. If tlie son of a color-blind
man develops color blindness,” the
scientist points out. “we can be rea
sonably sure that he got the trait,
not from his father, who showed it,
but from his mother, in whom the
trait was hidden.”
Built the Pyramid*
Strictly speaking, the Pyramids
ure really glorified graves! They
were built to be tombs for Egyp
tian kins of the fourth dynasty. The
Great Pyramid was built about the
year 4700 B, C. by Kliufu (or
Cheops). This pyramid is 150 feet
higher than St. Paul's cathedral and
weighs about (1,'-40.000 tons.
The pyramids are n solid mass of
stonework und contain at the cen
ter one or more tomb chambers,
reached by long galleries—Path
finder Magazine.
The trouble with giving a fellow
$200 a month after he is 60, is that
then he is apt to be unable to have
much fun spending the money.
Why not retire them when they get
to be 20?
f __
Joe Miller’s band of Gypsies,
from “Brazil” is .reported to have
performed in northeastern South
Dakota recently and are said to
have been ushered over the Miss
ouri river by officers and it is pos
sible the band may enter Holt
At Aberdeen,*79 men, women and
children were packed, in jail until
they gave up $63 allegedly “bor
rowed” of “clients” who had been
asked to assist with a “sick Baby.”
Among these was Dr. C. H. Parker,
who missed $20. He lives at Hecla.
For damage to jail $10 was paid.
This band has 13 automobiles
and there are 86 persons and one
dog. Half a dozen sheriffs busied
themselves in sending the Miller
aggregation over county lines. If
those of Holt county are tackled
by this or anbther band whose
principals of life seem built on
sympathy and gullibility of others
it would seem a telephone call to
No. 45 at O’Neill, to Sheriff Duffy
might be the proper thing to do.
I have Eastern Money to Loan
also Loan Money on City Property,
alsa Loan Money on City Property.
See R. H. Parker, O’Neill, Nebr.
Harold Rose, of Grand Island,
was giving his future home the
“once over” last Sunday.
Henry Hunteman and son, Geb
hard, drove up from Plainview last
Saturday for a short visit with old
friends here.
Mr. and Mrs. Dougal Allen and
Mr. and Mrs. Guy Cole, of Emmet,
were transacting business in this
city Tuesday.
Arthur King and. W. H. Stein
drove down to Omaha Wednesday
and will be back today with a new
car for Arthur.
During the month of April
thirty-two new automobiles were
registered in the office of the
county treasurer.
Joseph Biglin, who had been in
a hospital at Sioux City, Iowa, for
a week receiving medical attention
l returned home Friday afternoon,
coming home with Mr. and Mrs. W,
J. Froelich.
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. O’Donnell and
daughter, Louise, and Mr. and Mrs.
Max Golden left this morning for
a few days visit in Omaha.
Mr. and Mrs. Tom Jensen, of
Omaha, arrived in the city Mon
day for a couple of days visit with
relatiyes and incidently to look
after business.
The Presbyterian Ladies Guild
will meet Thursday, May 7, with
Mrs. R. M. Sauers, Mrs. G. L.
Bachman and Mrs. Arlo Hiatt, as
sisting hostesses.
Mr. and Mrs. George Robertson
and daughter, Doris, left Sunday
for Hastings to visit with Mrs.
Robertson’s brother. From there
they are going to Lincoln to visit
with relatives and look after busi
Mr. and Mrs. W, P. Curtis left
last Friday for Berwyn, Nebraska,
where they expect to make their
home for a time. Mrs. Curtis’
mother is a resident of that town
and has been in poor health for
several months and they moved
there so that Mrs. Curtis could
look after her. The Frontier will
visit them each week in their new
home and keep them posted upon
events in this section of the state.
Mrs. J. F. O’Donnell and Miss
Anna O’Donnell were co-hostesses
at a delightful 6:30 dinner at the
Golden Wednesday evening for
eighteen ladies. Following the din
ner the evening was spent at the
J. F. O’Donnell home at cards. Mrs.
H. E. Coyne won high score at
bridge, Mrs. F. H. Butt at pinochle
and Mrs. R. R. Dickson the all cut.
Mrs. Grace Dwyer and Miss Mary
K. C. Hall, O’Neill
at 9:00 p. m.
Sullivan of Butte, Mont., received
guest prizes.
The report of the third quarter
grades at the Wayne state teach
ers college showed Miss Helen Toy
who is a sophomore there from this
city, to be one of the highest rank
ing students in scholarship. Miss
Toy had an average of 1*4 and
three-fourths per cent in all her
subjects, which was the third high
est grade in the school. Miss Toy
is taking a two year teachers
course at Wayne and will receive
her degree in May.
I have taken over the Deep Rock ser
vice station one mile north of the O’Neill
cemeteries. I will meet competition at
all times and give 24-hour service. Also
handle StorzTriumph and GoefsCountry
Club Beer.
NEW Dresses
Silk Dresses—Bimberg—Crepe Romain
Sheers, in all new pastel shades—Prints
Knit Wash Dresses at only . . . $1.95
Wash Dresses—all sizes and colors.
Beautiful Spring and
Summer hats in pastel
shades and white.
Flower and Veil Trim
Final Clearance on Dresses
$1.98 «nd $2.98
Sale closes Saturday, May 2
In selecting gifts for Mothers' Day
be sure and give us a call.
It ,W<
and drive home to yourself this truth:
It's FIRST in its field because it's
ttfie onfy comflderfe &nv-j?rtcet£ ca 'i.
(Double-Acting, Self-Articulating)
the safest and smoothest ever developed
the smoothest, safest ride of all
the most beautiful and comfortable
bodies ever created far a low-priced car
^ee*n6 is believing and
driving is knowing that
transportation the new 1936 Chevrolet
is the only complete low-priced car!
Its New Perfected Hydraulic
Brakes and Solid Steel Turret Top
Body make it the safest car built.
Its Improved Gliding Knee-Action
Ride*, Genuine Fisher No Draft
Ventilation and Shockproof Steer
ing* give unmatched comfort.
.And its High-Compression \ alve
in-Head Engine—the same type of
engine that is employed in world -
champion power boats, airplanes
and racing cars—provides combined
power and economy without equal.
Drive the new 1936 Chevrolet today!
giving even better performance with
even less gas and oil
SOLID STEEL cne-piece
o crown of beauty, a fortress of safety
mating driving easier and safer
than ever before
5 jM n AND UP. List price
oj /Vcu Standard ( ou pe
^^P ^^P at Flint. Michigan.
With bumpers, spare
tire and tire lock, the list price is $20 addi
tional. 9Knee-Action on Master Models only,
$20additional. Prices quoted in this adver
tisement are list at Flint, Michigan, and
nubjei* to change without notice. A Cent ral
Motors Value.
r' i
Miller Bros. Chevrolet Co. /
Phone 100 C- E' EUNDGREN, Mgr. . < O’Neill, Nebr.