The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, February 06, 1936, Image 2
SEEN and HEARD' around the NATIONAL CAPITAL By Carter Field FAMOUS WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT Washington.—It is u common say ing In Washington that nobody un derstands the administration’s sil ver policy except President Boose velt and Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthuu. At the present mo ment the government Is paying something like 32 cents an ounce above the market price for all new ly mined silver obtained In the United States This fo'lows the ac quisition—by commandeorlng—of all the silver held some time bsok at 60 cents an ounce, which now stands the treasury a net loss In excess of five cents an ounce, not counting Interesi Yet the once famous silver bloc In the senate and house makes no outcry. It seems Hi have forgotten all ntmut the alt Inclusive claims of benefit which would follow the en actment of the fanmus stiver pur chase law—making tt mandatory on the treasury to leny silver on the world market until the world price had reached $1.20 an ounce, or un til the ratio of silver to gold In the treasury’s metnllic reserve behind our paper currency had reached one to four. Real silver enthusiasts — those who agreed with Wltltaiii Jennings Bryan's 1RIW theory—are frothing at the mouth They think they have been betrayed by stupidity or worse In the treasury’s handling of the situation. They think Morgethau was so smart In trying to bny world stiver cheap fhnt he defeated the real purpose, and put the price down Instead of up. Meanwhile, of course, there are two elements to which the silver theorists do not give sutllclent value. One Is that this Is an elec tion year. Most of the sliver bloc members are Democrats, and many of them are running for re-election Hence If they broadcast at this time their real thoughts about Morgen thau It might tend to discredit the administration, and make their own re-eleetlon Just that much more dtf flcult Have No Backing The other point is that the silver theorists have no hacking at the moment—as they did when the sil ver act was passed —from the silver producers The stiver producers now are receiving some 82 cents an ounce In excess of the world price. Kven the most enthusiastic sliver theorists among the actual silver producers In the Onlted States doubt seriously If the most Intelli gent manipulation fey the treasnry would have resulted In the present world price being 82 cents higher than It Is now Hence they do not feel they have any complaint Quite •the contrary It Is rather stgultlcant lliut on the very day that Secretary Morgenthau announced that the silver policy was working very well, shares of beneficiaries of the high price for silver mined in this country shot up. one of them, Hunker Hill and Sullivan, more than 10 points! Critics of this silver subsidy, on the other hand, insist that It Is merely a gift to special Interests, more narrowly restricted In Its ben efits than any subsidy ever granted or ever even promised In this eoun try, and should be stopped. The chief point Is that there are bo few mines In tills country of which silver Is the chief product that they merit no special eonsld eratlon at all The hulk of silver mined In this country Is obtained as a by-product of lead, copper and zinc. Hence, they Insist, the In creased price for domestic silver does not actually result in miners being given employment. It merely spells a larger protit for the mine owners If this Is not true, they contend, then tip- case Is still worse, for the silver subsidy leads to over production of the more Important metals. All of which is rutber depressing ■when one remem tiers the grand dream of the treasury's revaluing silver, us It did gold, once it had pushed the world price up high enough, and realizing a profit of a billion or so' Piling Up Tax Load Careful estimates as to the addi tional taxes to be Imposed before the present congress adjourns, and. more Important tiefore election, tig ure the minimum at $7<N>.(XNMN)U. This Is figuring the cost or the new agricultural soil erosion scheme at approximately the same as the old AAA plan around SAAO.tM 10.(100 a year. It Is figuring the cost of the soldier bonus at around 000,000 a year $100,000,000 for in terest and SftO.otNl.oOO for amortizu tlon. This works out whether the soldiers hold their government bonds or whether they cash them In. because In the latter case the government would merely borrow the money and the interest rate would be about the same. This of course Is the mtutmum It bus no connection with balancing the budget. It merely would pro vide revenue sulticleut to meet the additional expenses and keep the present unbalanced relation of ex penditures and receipts at about the same ratio Taxes to correct the whole sltua tlon, to bring the balanced budget. to make the federal goverumeat live within its income, will be post poned, every one agrees, until after election. As a matter of fact some com mentators talk about the new farm program costing $1,000,000,000 the first year. This figure Is obtained by adding In only two temporary Items of expense—one the loss of revenue from the processing taxes outlawed hy the Supreme court de cision The other relates to possi ble return of processing taxes al ready collected Together these two Items may run to $000,000,000. But that would mere ly he added to the deficit For tax purposes ft woidd he figured that the Interest on that sum or about $15,000,000, should he added to the annual tax Increase in Excises Most of the new taxes, to raise this $700,000,000 minimum, will tie of the excise variety. That Is tbe thought not only In the White House and Treasury department, hut on Capitol Hill. The general pattern will follow that of the proc essing taxes, but will be on a much brooder base. There Is no desire to rouse resentment, for example, about taxing the poor man’s break fast table to the tune of five cents a pound on bacon. To raise tbe money necessary, however, a great many more artl cles must be taxed than were af fected under the processing taxes, especially as there Is eager desire to avoid very loud complaints on any particular tax. Every one In the treasury has been amazed during the last two yenrs at the fact that, whllp there were plenty of complaints about the processing tax, there was noth ing like the organized onslaught against It which attended the mere proposal of the sales tax. And yet the processing taxes, and for that matter the new taxes to be Imposed later Mils year, were and will he a fair target for the bitterest shots ever tired at the sales fax. In fact. It Is a selective sales tax. nut selective in precisely the oppo site direction from whnt waR pro posed when there was so much op position. Advocates of the sales tax, which was so heavily defeated a few years hack, tried to meet objections by concessions They specifically ex empted such products ns bread and pork, on the theory that they were the poor man's food Whereas bread and pork carried more than their share of the processing tax, thus running squarely against the old political axiom that It was suicide to stnx the poor man's breakfast fable Business Improving With business obviously not only much better, but continuing to Im prove, so that business experts ttre already figuring thut 1SM0 Is going to be tremendously better thnn IMHfi. President Roosevelt Intends to Concentrate on that Issue to meet the attack tie fears most—thnt ter rifle Increase In government spend ing as a result of New Dualism Is dangerous and threatens serious trouble. Roth Roosevelt uirn Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau believe the present tax structure will yield far higher returns to the treasury than any outside critics figure They believe that as business in creases. pushing up corporation and individual Incomes, an almost un believable flood of money will roll In, especially as better times push Incomes Into higher rax brackets. • There Is Just enough truth In this to make hu argument possible Hut the President will lay his stress on the actually Improved conditions. Insisting that the New Deal Is re sponsible for lifting this country out of the slough of despond, espc dally by tbe very experiments that were outlawed—the NKA during Its high tide of wage boosting and hour cutting, and the AAA with Its golden stream which quickened farm buying of industrial products Which makes it look as though the Republicans will lie crying, "We are drifting toward a financial abyss." while Roosevelt will tie an swering. "Rook at that terrible hole we pulled you out of." Kxeept, of course, that while all Presidents spilt Infinitives, no Presi dent ends sentence with a prep osition Bvery one now agrees that the budget message of January deceived a lot of commentators with Its rosy outlook It was pointed out at the time that the President did not In clude relief, nor make any allow ance for the bonus Replace Processing Tax As a matter of fact. It Is not fulr to speak of the new taxes that must he Imposed to pay for the farm pro gram as "additional" In comparison with the President's message. For that message was obliged to as sume that the processing taxes would continue. So that actually about *'>00,000.000 or *000.000.000 of new taxes will merely take the place of those knocked out by the high court. Copyright.—WNU Servloo. Ant Oddities Fight to the Finish Between Red and Black Ants. Prepared by National Geographic Society, rWashington, U. C.-WXU Service. IKE humans, there are all kinds of ants—busy ants and ants tliut live on the accom plishments of others. One often feels sorry for some of the Industrious species of Formica, solid citizens, but really the “for gotten ants,’’ because they seem to be preyed upon by every sort of warrior ant and their nests are near ly always shared with various guests and purusltes. Two kinds of ants, very differ ent from eacli other, sometimes live together amicably, eacli occupying a separate part of the same nest and contributing te the general wel fare. The little -shampoo ant (Leptotho rax emersonl), discovered by Dr. William Morton Wheeler of Har vard in the peat bogs of Connecti cut, lives In the nests of Myrmica canadensis, a much larger species. When the Leptothorax- worker needs food, it approaches the Myr inica worker and proceeds to sham poo nnd lick it. The Myrmica ob viously enjoys this, for it regurgi tates food to the Leptothorax. One day in Brnlzil a scientist, was Investigating nn ant nest con sisting of a mass of earth six Inches In diameter In a fork of a tree. He tapped tills nest gently with his forceps, and the surface was immediately covered with small, reddish-brown ants of the genus Dollchoderus. When he gouged into the nest to find the va rious forms, a swarm of Odonto machus rusjF’d out and one of them Rtung him. Odontomnchus was a dozen times ns big as the Dollch oderus and provided with strong bit ing Jaws and a red-hot sting. Finding a Rare Ant. Often ant hunters get as hi* a thrill from a successful search for a rare ant ns a hig game hunt er from the capture of giraffes or elephants. There is about ns much physical exertion involved, too, turning over thousands of stones nnd logs, digging into the earth, chopping hard wood, and peeling bark from Innumerable dead trees. Luck Infrequently plays an im portant part. In 1901 Father Schmitt, a Jesuit missionary, sent to the great myrmecologlst, Forel, of Switzerland, a single specimen of a new nnd extraordinary ant from Haiti. Forel described it nnd named the genus after his good friend, Carol Finery of Bologna, and the species after the Jesuit (Kmeryella schmltti). The lone spe cimen was long the only representa tive of Its kind in collections. In Haiti at the end of a month's work a student found one siilitnry worker along a roadside, lie had no tine-tooth comb with him, but for two months lie tried every oth er method he knew of to discover the nest of more of the workers. Then one evening he went for a stroll just before dinner and no ticed on the path a millipede, or thousand logger, moving in an un natural way. Bending over, he saw that the millipede was dead and was being carried by nn nut. The ant was Emeryella! It took nil his strength of char acter to keep from seizing both ant nnd prey at once, hut he smoked his pipe as calmly as he could and watched the ant till it leisurely entered a small hole at one side of a flat stone. When the stone was turned over there was an entire colony of some sixty workers. Later, In the same locality, he found n similar col ony, nnd specimens of these have now been distributed to all the im portant ant collections In muse ums all over the word!. No Female of the Species. There were no females In either nest; so It is not improbable that this species lacks a special female, and that one of the workers func tions ns egg-layer. At night there came to light In the student’s quar ters a reddish ant. which from its general character was assumed to be the male of the species. He had talked about Kmeryella schmltti so much flint It became well known to the scant white pop ulation of the island under the name of "Mary Ella Schmitt” and when he finally reported his dis covery there was a great celebra tion among his fellow Americans, railroad men vacationing at Port au-Prince. Another missionary priest, Pere Salle, had sent to the museum in Paris from Haiti a curious nest of vegetable fiber, not unlike a wasp’s nest. A scientist, while rummaging about among the specimens, found it and tapped it on A piece of white paper. Several dead and dried ants dropped out. They belonged to the genus Maeromischa, the most ex quisitely formed of the ants and with beautiful metallic coloration— purples, greens, and reds. The ge nus is Interesting, too, because it alone of the ants of the West In dies has developed Into numerous species. About thirty are known from Cuba alone. Fire Ant Is a Stinger. The fire ant (Solenopsis gemina ta) is such a good traveler that one variety or another is found through out the warmer parts of the earth. It gets its name from the painful, burning sting it can inflict. A col ony contains vast numbers of work ers. They have Recently been re ported ns going great damage to young quail in the southeastern states. Eire ants nest in almost any kind of locality and are extremely pro lific. Even flood cannot daunt the tire ant, for it has been reported in Hrar.il that when the water rises and washes out a colony, the ants form a ball, queen and brood in the middle, and this living ball floats away to a tree or to higher ground. The tailor ant (Oecophylla smar agdinu) and a few other ants (I’olyrhadina) are unique among all the earth's creatures, so far as is known, in that they use their young as tools in nest construc tion. Kew adult insects spin silk, but the larvae of many have this abil ity to enclose themselves in silken cocoons, from which they will later emerge as fully formed adults. Oe cophylla utilizes this accomplish ment of its young in making its nests. Scientists have often torn one of the leaves that form its box slmped nest and then watched the proceedings. At first there is a wild sortie on the part of the ants, all in fight ing mood. They cannot sling, but they bite annoyingly. After they have given up trying to find and destroy the intruder, worker ants seize larvae In their mandibles ami bring them to the damaged por tions. Other workers seize t lie edges of the leaves and pull them together, while those with the larvae pass them back and forth, stimu lating the grub to exude silk, which sticks and holds the pieces of the leaves together. Live in the Tree Tops. In the Solomon islands this pug nacious Oecophylla abounds. On the Island of Mulaupaina an ant hunter had for two weeks the unusual and delightful good fortune for a nat uralist of being able to collect among the tops of high trees. A plantation company was felling the original forest, clearing the land for coconuts. One enormous tree after another was felled, and as soon as It came down he would go among the upper branches and collect. Oecophylla was abundant, and he reported that there was scarcely a moment of daylight during those two weeks when an ant was not biting him on the neck, lie would instinctively reach up and seize the little creature, break its neck between his thumb and forefinger, and go on collecting. Hut once, ns lie crushed one of them, he noticed tlmt it was un usually hard. It was another ant. a l’odomyrma, rare and desirable. After that it was necessary for him to seize each attacking ant and care fully examine it before destroying It, so as not to crush a valuable specimen by mistake. BRISBANE THIS WEEK _ The Crown Remains Veterans Reach the Top The Useful Red Cross Oxygen Is Life Rehind the gray walls of Wind sor castle, on the hill above the Arthur Ilrlabiinr Eton school, where young England learns discipline and cricket, King George’s coflin was lowered into the vault to lie beside his fa ther, King Ed ward VII, and his grandmother, Queen Victoria. T h e magnifi cent crown of England was taken from the coflin before it disappeared and placed netore tne nltar. Kings go; the crown remains. The services were broadcast, new feature of a royal funeral. The simple Church of England burial service, read by the Archbishop of Canterbury, was heard far over the earth, wherever Britain’s 400,000, 000 subjects live. Veterans having successfully climbed the long, long road, the government began the biggest “pay off" job in history, the printing of two billion 'four hundred million dollars’ worth of bonds, to be dis tributed among 3,518,191 World war veterans. The mere distributing cost alone will be $7,000,000. Now government wonders what new taxes can be invented to pay the two and one-half billions. Interesting news from Ethiopia sent by an Americun correspondent says the residence of Haile Selas sie’s son has on the roof a large red cross, although it has nothing to do with the Red Cross. Associ ated Press sends news of a Swedish “field hospital,” captured by Ital ians in the South, carrying ammu nition on five trucks adorned with Red Cross flags and insignia. The “field hospital” automobiles con tained, in addition, 27 cases of munitions. In modern war, the safe plan seems to be bomb everything. The war drums of the Ethiopian hero, Has Desta Demtu, were cap tured. He will miss them. "The Blood Is the Life," accord ing to an old Hebrew saying, und oxygen is the life of the blood. No oxygen means death, in three min utes or less; too little oxygen means premature death, inferior health meanwhile. The Dionne quintuplets are mar velous in their health. The marvel ous habies sleep outdoors every morning and afternoon; on one oc casion the temperature tvas 30 de grees below zero. I_ All five walk, all iiave gained weight during the past month, and have new teeth. Annette has three new ones, twelve in all. All have beautiful big eyes, high foreheads, pretty faces and look as French as the Marseillaise; get plenty of oxy gen, but wrap up well. Lloyd George says the new king, Edward VIII, has the magnetism of his grandfather, Edward VII; that he comes to the throne with such great troubles ahead as few kings have ever encountered, but "his courage and his sure instinct will not fail him.” _ The unnecessary air disaster in Hawaii, two United States bombing planes destroyed in collision while plying “in formation” and six men killed, causes aviators to say that j they object to night formation fly-! ing. They may well object; noth-1 ing more densely stupid could be j imagined than sending up planes to fly at high speed, almost wing to wing, i.ivitlng disaster and death. Even in these busy times there ought to be somebody sufficiently intelligent to stop that nonsense, at night, and in daytime also. Mr. John Horan of Milwaukee, called by his fellow workers “Soda Ash Johnny,” first used soda ash to clean locomotive boilers, a dis covery that should have made hint rich, but did not. “Soda Ash Johnny,” a proud man, refused to let his son accept a pen sion, told the authorities: “I am still able to work, and no boy of mine is going 'on the county.’ ” It will surprise y 1 to hear that the son, aged sixty >.x, lias applied for an old age pension. The statement that imagination Is worse than reality applies to everything—death included, let us hope. When a colony of nudists move on San Diego, Calif the strongest protest comes from San Diego’s Braille club, an organization of blind people. They could not actu ally know whether the colonists were dressed or not, but they do not like the idea. Consider how men have perse cuted, tortured and burned each other for religious differences, in matters that they could neither see nor know. © King Features Syndicate, lae. WNU Service. "QUOTES" COMMENTS ON CURRENT TOPICS BY NATIONAL CHARACTERS Opinions expressed in the paragraphs below are not necessarily concurred in by the editor of this newspaper. AAA BENEFITS Uy EDWARD A. O’NEAL Head of tne American Farm Bureau Federation. THE program launched by organ ized agriculture must go forward. The American farmer will continue to fight for economic parity. Under the operations of the Agricultural Adjustment act the agricultural march toward parity, by giving farmers a purchasing power, has stimulated business revival through out the country. We are going to look to congress to take specific steps which will pro vide by legislation the mechanism by which agricultural parity is to be continued. It is up to congress to provide that legislation within the provisions of the Constitution. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE By MR. HOOVER THE most ominous note of all was the President’s warning that the power he has assumed would be dan gerous in other hands. “In thirty four months,” he says, “we have built up new Instruments of public power. In the hands of the peo ple’s government, this power Is wholesome and proper.” It just happens that the ideal up on which our government urus found ed and hitherto conducted is that It is dangerous to the people to have any man possess such powers, or to allow any man to thus aspire to per sonal government Instead of a gov ernment of laws. The question is, not that these powers, having been created and now In the hands of the good, might be transferred to the hands of the wicked, if the New Deal is not con tinued. It Is that they never should be possessed by anybody in these United States. A DEFENSE OF CAPITALISM By JOHN S. THOMAS President of Clarkson College. WE LISTEN with rapt attention while our Intelligentsia tell us that the chief interest of business men is to bring on periodic collapse; that our farmers are failures; that we who work are oppressed; that we who do not are pauperized; that our statesmen are stupid, venal and hired; that criminals rule our cities; that we owe ourselves so much mon ey we are bankrupt, and that what we do not owe ourselves, we have lent to Europe. And poor old capitalism! Capital ism has not a leg to staud on. Be ing tried for life, she seems not to have a friend left in court. And all of this, mind you, In spite of the fact that capitalism and the principle of competition in business working together in this country since 1790 have given us the most marvelous 140 years ever enjoyed by any people, anywhere, at any time. THE PARALLEL By PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT SOMETIMES at the close of a day I say to myself that the last na tional election must have beeu held a dozen years ago—so much water has run under the bridge, so many great events In our history have oc curred since then. And yet 34 months—less than three years—have gone by since March, 1933. History repeats in these crowded months, as in the days of Jackson— two great achievements stand forth —the rebirth of the interest and un derstanding of a great citizenry in the problems of the nation and an established government which by positive action has proved its de votion to the recovery and well-be ing of that citizenry. Here’s Record That’ll Make Holmes Do Highland Fling One of the greatest detectives alive Is a native of French Indo china, who Is known ns “The Blood hound.” His captures average one murderer every 25 days for the past 28 years. He is credited with taking 400 of the 1,200 men who are now serving life sentences for homicide on I’ulo Condore, the French “murderers’ Isle” In the China sen, from which no one has ever escaped.—Collier’s. ....-ju The Mind % 1 ■» r LOWELL Meter • henderson © Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service. The Completion Test. In tills test eight Incomplete state ments are made. Each one can be completed by adding one of the four words given. Underline the correct 1 one. 1 1. Harold L. Hckes Is the present secretary of treasury, secretary of war. secretary of the Interior, secre tary of labor. 2. The capital of Nevada is— Helena, Carson City, Reno, Denver. 3. Demosthenes was a famous— Homan lawyer, Greek orator, Greek Physician, Notre Dame football player. 4. The color, chartreuse. Is—bril endnarred’ *** b'Ue’ pa,e Kre0D’ lav' 5. I lie Rio Grande flows Into the I acific ocean, Carribbean sea, Gulf of Mexico, Bay of Blscayne. 6. The modern birth stone for Jan uary is—bloodstone, hyacinth; pearl agate. v ’ 7. The Grand canyon Is located in —Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona Ne vada. I lie state having most square miles of water surface is—North Carolina, Florida, Texas, Minnesota. Answers 1. Secretary of the Interior. 2. Carson City. 3. Greek orator. 4. Pale green. 5. Gulf of Mexico. 8- Hyacinth. 7. Arizona. 8. Minnesota. Old Shoe. Worth $50 A leading department store was asked by an old client-a woman— to credit a pair of shoes, unused and In the same box they were orig inally delivered to her. The shoes were found to be a pair of high ones bought twenty years ago for ,• The store gladly credited the pair of unused shoes, as they had a museum^ value. 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