The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, November 21, 1935, Image 2

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—. — and
around the
Carter Field ^
Washington.—Even the Republic
ans are surprised at certain Demo
cratic attacks on James A. Farley
as a result of his pre-election claims.
Demands that ho resign, coming
from an outstanding Democratic
newspaper, put together with the
fact that the Democrats registered
• net majority In the Empire state
of MO,000, cause some insiders here
to wonder If there Is something un
derlying the situation they do not
It Is perfectly true, they admit,
that Farley's preelection claims
gave the Republicans a chance
to do some crowing over their
regaining of the control of the
New York assembly. But It was
pretty sad crow ing, mostly done be
fore the vote tabulation showed that
huge Democratic majority.
Privately, Republicans were search
ing around for comfort next day as
far as New York state Is concerned.
They finally decided thnt Tammany
put forth all Its effort because of Its
necessity for getting a strangle hold
on the board of aldermen, and thus
short circuiting Mayor La Gunrdln.
Whereas there were no fights cal
culated to bring out a big vote up
state except In Erie county, where
the Republicans did pretty well.
Actually, however. It always has
been Farley's strategy to claim
everything, concede nothing. He has
explained his theory to newspaper
men many times. For example, In
1932 Farley knew perfectly well
there was no chance of Franklin D.
Roosevelt’s carrying Vermont. Rut,
as he told friends at the time, If he
conceded Vermont, publicly, all the
party workers In thnt state would
lay down. Whereas If he claimed
it, and Bent them speakers, money
and assistance generally, they
would be up on their toes fighting.
As a result, the shrewd Jim com
mented. “We might win a coroner
here, and a sheriff there, and n mem
ber of the legislature somewhere
else. Then, next election, these
winners will be on the Job working
for our ticket," and will not have to
be paid or cajoled. In fact, his theo
ry Is thnt three or four hard tights,
even in hopeless territory, will be apt
to produce a winning by and by.
Logic Accepted
Now the fact la that no politician
who ever won a campaign disagrees
with that logic. They may not prac
tice It, because they may not have
the time nnd energy to spare. Gen
erally they think they haven’t, any
how, and so often they do not make
these hopeless lights. But there Is
seemingly no limit to Farley’s ener
gy, and he has actually had all the
money he needed In every cam
paign, regardless of plaintive state
ments to the contrary.
His strategy. Incidentally, Is abun
dantly Justified by what has hap
pened In upstate New York ns a re
sult of campaigning In hopeless ter
ritory. With a live, fighting Demo
cratic organization in every upstate
county, the old-time majorities
above the Bronx have shrunk until
they are swamped by the Demo
cratic majorities In the big town.
This was demonstrated tn this
election, where despite a very siz
able showing of Republican strength
upstate, the net vote in the entire
state was 350.000 Democratic.
In fact, the main hope of the Re
publicans about the ICmpIre state,
whose 47 electoral votes are so vital
to BDy hope of bentlug the New
Deal next November, lies In the be
lief that so many New Yorkers vote
Democratic locally, but Republican
nationally. This was certainly a
factor In the A1 Smith races for
governor. Smith’s record of run
ning a million votes ahead of his
national ticket In 1920 Is still un
Those Wily Poles
The government at Warsaw may
not appreciate it, but it has a very
effective embassy in Washington.
In fact, a great deal more effective
than Is considered necessary by the
milling interests of this country,
not to mention speculators in rye.
The wily Poles, apparently, were
Just shrewd enough to realise that
this administration does not like
speculation, loves to see speculators
get It in the nock, and lacks utterly
any desire to help these "non-pro
ducers" pile up profits, despite the
obvious fact that such profits would
boost Income tax receipts for the
All of which is concerned with
rye and rye flour, not very exciting
in themselves, hut highly Interest
ing to those who produce them, and
those who buy and sell them.
It also concerns tlie feverish de
sire of many European countries,
in the Inst few years, to make them
selves self-supporting on foodstuffs,
against the evil day when war
might cut off their lm|>orts. In this
particular case It has to do with
the efforts of Poland In that direc
This desire on the part of all Eu
ropean countries, practically, be
came very apparent to the farming
Interests of this country several
years ago. Also to the milling In
terests and the grain trade gener
They swept all over the shoulders
of their senators and representa
tives, as a result of which congress
passed a law which made It manda
tory on the secretary of the treas
ury to add what Is called a counter
vailing duty to the tariff on food
products In certain circumstances.
The certain circumstance is when
the producing country pays a boun
ty for the production of that food
stuff. The Idea Is to boost the tariff
precisely that same*amount, so that
the payment of the bounty In the
producing country will not give the
foreign producer an unfair advan
tage over the American producer.
Rye Poured In
Last spring prices for rye were
high In this country, and some of
this Polish rye and also some Pol
ish rye Hour began pouring In.
Whereupon there were loud cries
from the grain trade for the treas
ury to put the •‘mandatory’’ coun
tervailing duty In effect.
Treasury officials consulted with
the Stute department. Also with
the Polish embassy. The State de
partment folks did not like It much.
It flew In the face of Secretary
Hull's well-known opposition to
trade barriers. Mr. Hull himself
talked about It with the Polish am
One lieutenant of Mr. Hull was
such a frequent attendant at cock
tail parties of the polish embassy
that one of the underlings there hu
morously asked him If he “had
learned to speak Polish yet.” He
tells this story on himself, so it Is
not a question of the Poles Inugh
Ing about their own accomplish
ments. They are much too shrewd
for that.
But the Poles made quite a point
in their talk with our State and
Treasury folks of the fact that the
American farmer was not being
hurt by this Polish competition In
the slightest degree, whereas the
Amerlcnn consumer was being bene
Hopkins' Faux Pas
The two people who nro most
dejected by Harry L. Hopkins’ faux
pas In attacking Gov. Alfred M.
Landon of Kansas, the resentment
that the "never put up a thin dime"
accusation aroused, and the prompt
necessity for a backdown are, In
the order named, James A. Farley
and Governor Landon.
Farley’s chagrin Is natural
enough. One of the cleverest or
ganizers and politicians of our time,
he naturally hntes to see his
shrewdly planned campaign messed
up by bungling, even If he himself
Is not responsible.
Landon's disappointment Is far
more subtle, but Just as sound po
litically. It can be explained In
four words: It cnme too soon.
The point Is that Landon knows
perfectly well he Is getting out In
front far too quickly. lie has been
publicly advertised as the probable
nominee In too many quarters. For
Instance, by William Randolph
Henrst, who has been giving the
Kansas Coolldge plenty of public
ity both In his newspapers and
magazines. Then It was allowed
to leak out that President Roose
velt told severnl friends on his way
across the country to San Diego
that he figured It would be Landon
who would oppose him In 11130.
Which, Incidentally, Is the answer
to the venom and force with which
Hopkins struck.
London is a comparatively young
man, but he has seen enough of
politics to know that the old tradi
tion about a candidate’s getting too
far out In front too soon Is not Just
and old wives' tale.
A Bit of History
For example, lO’-’O. When the Re
publican national committee met In
Washington In December. Just six
months before the convention. It
appeared that Leonard Wood was
virtually nominated. A glance
back at the newspaper tiles of that
month will show that virtually
every reporter in Washington, writ
ing for out-of-town papers, and re
gardless of the slants of his own
paper, was Impressed by the Wood
strength. In fact. If the convention
had been convened the day the na
tional committee adjourned, Wood
would have been nominated on the
first ballot. •
All the other candidates "ganged”
him. He made some had mistakes,
and when the convention met all
but a few enthusiasts knew he had
no chnnce.
| Four years later William t». Mc
Adoo was out In front for the Dem
ocratic nomination. Alfred R. Smith
was a close runner-up. Moth were
wrecked by nn issue which neither
had anything to do with starting. It
was aimed at MeAdoo, but It pre
vented the nomination of either.
The nominations of Smith, In
1928, and Roosevelt, In 19,'12, seem
exceptions to the rule, but they
prove nothing. For Smith was
given a nomination known In ad
vance to be absolutely hopeless, and
It was given to heal the religious
breach made In 192-1. Roosevelt got
a head start very largely because
the South and the Mihle Melt were
scared to death that Smith would
take the nomination again. There
are many who think that If Smith
had taken himself out of the race,
even at the convening of the con
vention, Roosevelt would never
have been named.
Copyright — WNU SarvM*.
Moroccan Chieftain at Hla "Front Door."
Prepared by National Geographic Society,
Washington, D, C.—WNU Service,
□OR(XXX), long an empire
guarded from the coveting
eyes of Europe by the will
of a proud and exclusive people,
remains In her subjection a land
tempting to the traveler In search
of new and even rude experiences.
She is a country up-to-date, ac
cessible, civilized; yet barbarous,
antique, and forbidden. She is
French, Spanish, Berber, Arab, and
Jew. She has been nursed for a
thousand years on the subtle poli
cies of the Orient, though farther
west than the greater part of Eu
Her emperors, some of whom
were lords and masters of Spain,
built great cities and castles and
palaces and fortresses, before
America had come out of the Land
of Dreams. They endowed univer
sities and colleges for the cultiva
tion of learning, the terms of whose
foundations resemble those at Ox
ford and Cambridge; with some
of which they were contemporary.
The same cloistered beauty Is to be
found In both; the same lofty
Ideals of faith and devotion.
They assembled In their prime,
great armies for the conquest of
the world, and fleets that swept the
Christian seas. Though children
born of the desert, they arrogated
to themselves great pretensions;
claiming the Divine Right, not mere
ly as kings but as sulnts by lineage.
Their tombs, where ruin has spared
them, remain ns lovely as any In
the world; their gardens of running
waters are still a delight to those
permitted to enter them.
And yet, half the population of
this country lives on In the ways
of Abraham, Isaac, and Jaooh.
men opportunities of advancement
and adventure, beyond that border
land known as the Zone of Securi
ty. One can imagine the attrac
tion of such a life for a man
grown tired of his boulevards and
the charms of an overripe eivlllza
tlon: but it is closely sealed.
It is not very diilicult to have
your throat cut if you cross thai
line. The rekkas, or secret mes
sengers of France, faithful to theii
suit, frequently endure that fate
Nameless, unknown, they perish,
leaving no ripple behind them.
But the sands of tills colored and
attractive life are running out, and
short of another European war or
some violent uprising in Asia, the
triumph of France seems assured
None the less, these last pages 01
her story remain romantic enough;
telling a tale of policy and arms
fanaticism and pride; of resistance,
surrender, and swift revolt, thai
await a scribe.
But France in Morocco has not
produced her Kipling. One doubts if
she ever will. One great traveler
she has produced, the Vlcomte de
Foucauld; and one administrator
of genius, the Marechal Lyautey.
grown white-haired and old in the
service of France.
Those Who Serve France.
All kinds of people have taken a
hand In this adventure; crafty and
ambitious chieftains and fighting
prophets; smooth diplomatists and
hard-hitting commanders of the For
elgn Legion; Christians. Infidels
and Jews; generals as lean as their
swords—trempes, as they say—tem
pered, by a life in the Sahara,
friends in their youth of De Fou
cauld and Laperrine; realists yet
mystics like the people of the desert
themselves, and quite the best kind
of man you can hope to meet In
northern Africa; meharlsts of the
camel corps who swagger about In
their vast |vhite pantaloons; flight
commanders who cross the Atlas,
dropping bombs upon the gathering
tribes, and making new maps from
the air; royal princes with an urge
for adventure; drummers and army
contractors out for pelf; ladles of
high rank and great virtue, and la
dles of many charms who possess
neither; innkeepers and cantlnlers;
French children who become the at
tached companions of retired die
hards; drivers of armored cars and
lorries sprung from half the na
tions of Europe, with weird person
al histories, and a knack of ertri
catlng themselves from every ad
venture, or dying game; literary
gentlemen whose home Is In Paris
and whose public resides in France;
missions-sclentiflques; hydrologists;
deputies of the French Republic,
shepherded in flights; newspaper
men, unwelcomes; marshals of
France, with famous names; the
resident general of Morocco him
self, carefully guarded and sur
rounded with pomp and ceremonial
observance; and something like 30,
000 legionnaires (mostly Germans)
who, having no country of their
own, fight for that strange thing—
the Honor of the Legion—and do
the work of France for a few cents
a day; Ishmaelltes all.
Orient and Occident Mingle.
She la an eastern land In the
marrow of her bones, though placed
In Africa; and she has been pene
trated through centuries by Euro
pean influences, which lie deep un
der the surface of her oriental life.
Her camel caravans remain coeval
with the airplane; and a tribesman
of the desert, wounded In battle,
can And himself carried through
the air to a French hospital across
the whole width of Impenetrable
Atlas. Twenty centuries have here
been compressed Into as many
She Includes within her borders
mountains almost as stately as the
Rockies or the Alps; vnlleys pro
found and lovely; cedars as noble
ns those of Lebanon; olive groves
like those of Delphi; vines that
grow wild, or are as cultivated now
ns those of Provence; cities like
Fes which belong to the Arabian
Nights, and Marrakech the Grana
da of Morocco, which glows In her
tierce sunlight girdled hy palm
onses, within a day’s march of
snow-covered summits, "white as
salmon” as Drake observed them
In the course of his circumnaviga
tion of the world; cities and peo
ples passionate with the fury and
excess of Africa, yet profoundly In
spired hy the worship of the One
God. their compassionate and mer
ciful Allah!
For these and other reasons this
country grips one, though the world
be at one's disposal, Ench year
the pacltled frontier of this violent
nnd poetic land marches on Into re
gions unknown. Each year one tlnds
some new tract becomes accessible;
old castles unsuspected, and chief
tains living In them In medieval
state; clans and tribesmen at war,
now gathered Into the fold; mups
that record a twelve-months’ prog
ress, with all sorts of lines and
spots and frontiers marked on
them, each with Its fascinating tale
of valor or Industry to tell.
The history of Morocco Is one of
violent unrest and order In contin
ual balance.
Rebels Still Exist.
Since the mugultlceut failure of
Abdel-Krlm, who all but broke the
power of Spain in Africa and went
near to reconquering Morocco from
the French, the tricolor now blows
beside the tlag of the sultan over
uearly all of French Morocco; but
not quite. There are regions In
Great Atlas where die-hards still
maintain their freedom, delivering
1 shrewd blows at their conquerer
from time to time; and, In the des
ert spaces of Saraha, horsemen and
cameleers who ride acknowledging
no lord.
It Is these gentlemen who keep
France busy, and offer her young
Berbers in Opposition.
Upon the other side, and almost
as quixotic, Is their friend the Dis
sident, who provides the occasion
and the battle ground for all this
adventure; a queer chap, with an
odd love of freedom and of his na
tive hills, a bit of a troubadour;
somewhat of a patriot and tighter
for the Faith; gallant, truculent,
treacherous, and cruel; but always
very much of a man. with a keen
sense of humor allied with a strict
attention to business. Awhile ago
he raised a laugh throughout Mo
rocco by stealing two carefree gen
tlemen of the resident general’s
household with their respective la
dles; and returning them, a little
dnmaged, in exchange for five mil
lion francs and a gramophone of
the very Intest design, with all re
cent improvements, duly specified.
The Berbers, to whose category
he belongs, have always been “agin”
whatever government there has
been in the land; willing, as gentle
men, to follow any great leader
to plunder and war; unwilling to
follow anyone for long; the real
nucleus of the Moslem armies who
conquered Spain, and near of kin
to those who marched across the
Alps with Hannibal to the wails of
Rome. The name of Hannibal Is
still, one is told, to be found among
Roosting the
IRST, select a plump, well-fat
tened turkey. Either a young
or an old turkey can be made
excellent eating, but you must know
which you have, for it makes a
difference in the way you cook it
Allow from one-half to three-quar
ters of a pound In the weight of
the turkey os you buy it for each
person to be served—remembering
that in the larger kinds you will
get more meat In that proportion
to bone. With a lo-pound turkey,
for Instance, you can get 20 very
generous servings.
The dealer will usually draw the
turkey for you, but certain things
have to be looked out for at home.
Out off the oil sac, take out the
windpipe and lungs, pull out any
•>In feathers and singe off hairs.
Do this quickly so as not to darken
or scorch the skin. Wipe the body
cavity with a soft cloth wrung out
of cold water. Scrub the outside
with a wet cloth and soda or corn
meal. Rinse off quickly and wipe
the bird dry inside and outside.
Nevert let a turkey or any other
poultry soak in water. You lose
flavor and food value.
Rub the inside with salt before
putting in the stuffing. Slip a crusty
end slice of a loaf of bread into
the opening near the tail to hold
in the stuffing, tuck the legs
under the band of skin left for that
purpose, and sew up the slit with
soft white twine. After stuffing
and trussing the turkey, rub the
outside all over with butter, salt
and pepper and pat on flour. Lay a
Testing the Donenees of the Bird
for the Great Feaet.
piece of turkey fat over the breast
Place on a rapk in an open roast
ing pan. Do not put any water into
the pan. Water in a roasting pan
makes steam, and steam around a
roasting turkey or any tender meat
draws out the juices.
Have the oven hot (about 450*
F.) when you put the turkey in.
Brown it lightly for half an hour
in this hot oven and after the first
15 minutes turn the bird with the
breast down so it will brown all
over. Then reduce the oven heat
to very moderate (325° F.).
If the turkey is young, continue
the roasting at this moderate tem
perature with no lid on the pan un
til the bird is done. Baste with
pan drippings every half hour.
For a turkey a year or more old,
after browning in the hot oven, put
the cover on the roaster, and con
tinue the cooking in the moderate
oven (about 325* F.). You will
probably need to allow 4% hours
for a 15-pound bird a year or more
To test the ‘•doneness’’ run a
steel skewer or a cooking fork into
the thigh next to the breast. If
the juice does not show a red tinge,
the turkey is done. Make gravy
with the giblets and drippings.
The bureau of home economics.
United States Department of Agri
culture, whtch gives the foregoing
suggestions, also supplies this rec
ipe for a savory stuffing, and one
for giblet gravy. For stuffing:
3 quarts dry bread
Vi cup fat, butter
and turkey fat
1 amnll onion,
Vi cup chopped
1 pint chopped
a tap. anlt
1 to a tap. aavory
Pepper to taata
In the melted fat cook the onion,
parsley and celery for a few min
utes. Add the bread crumbs and
seasonings and stir all together
until the mixture Is thoroughly
heated. Pile the hot stuffing light
ly Into the turkey, but do not pack.
Glblet gravy: Simmer the giblets
(liver, gizzard and heart) and the
neck in one quart of water for
about an hour. Drain the giblets
and chop them fine, saving the
broth. If there Is too much fat on
the drippings In the roaster, skim
off some of the excess fat and leave
about one-half cup. Into these pan
drippings stir six level tablespoons
of flour. Then gradually add the
cool broth from the giblets and
enough more cold water to make a
thin smooth gravy. Cook for 5
minutes, add the chopped giblets
and season to taste with salt and
French astro-physicists are com
pleting a series of calculations which
prove this world of ours is slowing
down, like a wobbly top, as It spins
around its polar axis.
The loss of speed is estimated hy
scientists at the Meudon observa
tory, near Paris, at one-ten thou
sandtb of a second a month at the
present time, which means that in
1,000,000 years our 24-hour day will
be lengthened to a 41-hour day.
This phenomenon is caused partly
by the fact that the earth is osing
the perfect streamlined curves of its
early days and Is becoming wrinkled
with mountains and volcanoes which
impede its whirling.
The main factor, however, is stat
ed to be found in tidal movements.
Working under the combined influ
ence of sun and moon, oceans bulge
out and act as brakes on the rota
tion of the earth. Another impor
tant cause is found in geological dls
Road trains, consisting of a heary
motor truck and many trailers, are
to haul mica and other mineral de
posits across the desert region of
central Australia.
Week’s Supply of Postum Free
Read the offer made by the Postum
Company in another part of this pa
per. They will send a full week's sup
ply of health giving Postum free to
anyone who writes for it.—Adr.
Also From Being One ^
Spare us from people who enjoy
a quarrel.
turbances brought about by the shift
ing of internal masses. This fling
lng about of the world’s contents,
like so much loose baggage in a
freight car, tends to detract from the
constancy of the earth’s spinning.
Calculations to date show this loss
of speed increases progressively s.»
that 100 years hence the earth’s ro
tation will have suffered a loss of IS
seconds, and within two centuries, one
minute and 12 seconds. In 2,000 years
It will be one hour and 50 minutes
behind its merry-go-round schedule.
This lengthening of the day is ex
plained by the longer time It would
take for the earth to complete one
single turn on Its polar axis.
The majority of these calculations
are based on the studies of tidal ac
tions on planets and their satellites
carried out by the astro-physicist, M.
Antoniadi, and his collaborators at
the Meudon observutory.
This clocking of the speed of the
globe’s rotation is entirely apart
from computations regarding the
changes In time that It takes the
earth to revolve around the sun ev
ery year.—Detroit News.
Many Are
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(Without Resistance
When a man gets nsed to falling
he is ruined.—T. C. Cuyler.
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Swell!— why do you ask?
IT is all so simple, too 1 That tired,
run-down, exhausted feeling quite
often is due to lack of a sufficiency of
those precious red-blood-cells. Just build
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... you can’t help but feel and look bet
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unless your case is exceptional it should
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m^d >
Insist on S.S.S. Tonic in ^t*»~ t*
the blood-red cellophane
wrapped package. The big
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two weeks’ treatment...
it's more economical.
Be neighborly to others, but don’t
>ry deep.
But Doe* Love Care?
Love will find a way, but Is tin t
always best?