The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, May 09, 1935, Image 2

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    Museum Given to Palestine by Rockefeller
This Is the now Palestine museum In Jerusalem which Is soon to be opened to the public. It Is the
gift of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., nnd stands Just outside of Herod’s Gate at the northeast entrance to the
Holy City.
Belgian Congo Is
Rich in Resources
Tremendous Strides Made
in March of Progress.
Washington.—Nrws dispatches,
reporting the tragic death of six
men and a woman In an airplane
crash in the Congo JungloR, recent
ly drew attentloi to this huge
colonial outpost of Belgium In the
heart of Africa. Although the plane
was reported “lost" In a vast wil
derness, only a short time elapsed
before It was found, Indicating that
even the once primitive western
borderlnnd near the Congo river
Is not as far removes from the In
fluences of clvlllzrtlon as it was
only a few .’ears ago.
"Many places 11 the Congo where
the bellow of the elephant, the
thrashing of the hippopotamus and
crocodile, and the shriek of the alone disturbed abori
gines, now echo to the blasts of
steamboat and locomotive whistles,
the drone of automobile nml air
plane motors, and the buzz of ma
chinery In palm oil factories," says
the National Geographic society.
“The half century since the Inspir
ing explorations of Livingstone and
Stanley has witnessed tremendous
strides In the march of Congo prog
“The new king of Belgium, Leo
pold III, rules the colony, annexed
by his granduncle In 1908. Having
visited there twice ns n prince, he
Is famlllnr with, and vitally inter
ested In, Its economic and commer
cial problems. Nearly 90 times ns
large as the mother country, and
a third as largo ns the United
States, Belgian Congo Is populated
by approximate).. 18,000 white men
and more than 9,000.000 natives.
Climate Hinders.
"Perhaps the greatest stumbling
block to progress has been the cli
mate. The temperature, remaining
always close to 80 degrees. Is ac
companied by extreme humidity. In
the spring, Belgian Congo prepares
fbr one of its two seasons of heavl
liedlngote fashions are in the
lead. They have everything to rec
ommend them. From the practical
standpoint no wiser Investment can
be made than buying one of these
costumes which Include a redingote
that later can be worn with most
any dress, while the print frock that
comes with It will turn out to be
one of your most prized possessions,
since It will flatter at the same time
that It does active service, the
whole spring and summer through.
The model pictured has a frock of
red and white crepe. A deep tuck
in the skirt gives It the appearance
of a tunic dress. The redingote Is
of black crepe with patch pockets
and loose sieves.
est rainfall. The other Is In Octo
ber, when the sun again moves
across the Equator. But In spite
of climatic hazards, the tramp
tranip-tramp of western progress
has surged forward.
“The dark cloud of depression
that has hung over the world
showed at least one silver lining as
It passed over the Congo. During
prosperous days, the development
of agriculture was side-tracked In
favor of mining. With the advent
of economic distress, the govern
ment lias been encouraged by a ’re
turn to the soil' movement that has
seen cotton, coffee, and rice pass
from experimental to staple produc
“Palm growing Is an Important
Industry. Its nut-oil and kernel
products are a dependable source
of Income—the United States be
ing the best customer.
"Two-thirds of the colony’s
wealth Is In minerals, copper being
the most Important. More than ,'t,
900,000 cnrats of diamonds were
mined In 1082. Gold, radium, and
tin also rank high as revenue
sources, but Congo coal Is Inferior,
being almost worthless for Indus
trial uses.
"Despite the recent unstable con
dition of world markets. It Is an
Interesting fact that dealers In
Amerleau-mnde automobiles found
business quite good In the Relgtnn
Congo. Belgium hns continued a
policy of building good roads Into
remote districts of Its African col
ony. Some 24,000 miles of high
way have been laid, supplementing
2,780 miles of railroad.
Great Trade Artery.
The great trade nrtery of the col
ony, however, Is the Congo river.
Nlnety-tl«e miles above Its mouth,
at Matadl, several rapids halt
steamers. A railroad line links Mata
dl with Leopoldville, the capital,
busy doorway to the Interior. Here
again the Congo becomes navignble
for 1,068 miles to Coqullhatvllle,
Stnnleyvllle, and Stanley falls.
“Above Stanley falls the Congo
becomes the Lualuba river, navi
gable for 585 miles, bending toward
the southeastern town of Katanga
via Ponthlervllle. Kindu, Kongnlo,
and Kabalo. Many of these impor
tant villages, as well ns Bandundu,
Port Fruncqull, Luebo, Bonin (at
the month of the Congo), Inongo,
Hasunkusti, Llsala, and Hnsoko are
served by air routes. The southern
part of Belgian Congo Is linked by
railway with the Uniou of South
Africa and the Portuguese colony
of Angola.
“The present colonial govern
ment encourages all efforts to edu
cate Its native subjects. The bur
den of Instruction Is carried mainly
by missionary workers, both Catho
lic und Protestant
“Government subsidies have been
granted in some Instances, In or
der that tlieli work might proceed.
French Is taught as soon as native
pupils are able to learn the lan
guage. Instruction In agriculture,
carpentry, and metal working Is
offered in severul schools.”
—.. " '
Statue of Liberty
Gains in Popularity
Washington.—A register for
visitors, hidden in a nook of
the Statue of Liberty foi^ nearly
40 years, has been discovered.
The book contains 1,500 pages,
each page having 54 signatures.
The signatures are those of per
sons who visited the famous
monument In New York harbor
between 1890 and 190(5.
Comparing data found In the
old book with that shown In last
year’s register, George A. Pal
mer, acting superintendent of
the statue, was amazed by the
Immense inerense revealed In the
number and range of visitors.
Forty years ago, It was re
vealed, only 11 states were rep
resented by 69 visitors who regis
tered on August 8, while on Au
gust 8, 1934, 1,262 actually vis
ited the monument and 579 regis
tered. Thirty six stntes were
represented by visitors, In the
latter group.
Diving Robot Will Seek Sunken Gold
■ 1 ■■ ■ ■ s#
Metal Sphere Built to With
stand Sea Pressure.
Washington. — With the arrival
soon of a monster ’'(living robot,”
Washington will witness the launch
ing of a world-wide search for
sunken treasure ships.
The big metal sphere, weighing
1,400 pounds, already has been test
ed, Inspected and approved by naval
officials In the stnte of Washington.
With full equipment, It will be
shipped to a dock on the Potomac
river waterfront.
It Is believed the sphere will be
capable of carrying divers to the
greatest depths ever reached. It
has been constructed to withstand
depths beyond the 8,028-foot record
dive of William Beebe's “Bathy
It will be the property of a firm
known tentatively as the Submarine
Engineering and Salvaging corpora
tion, scheduled to be Incorporated
In Delaware. Washington will be
the corporation's headquarters.
An Inventor In Washington state
first experimented with the diving
Professor Debunks
Voodooism in Haiti
Chicago.—stories of seamen
and fiction writers of bloody voo
doo rites In the West Indies have
been “debunked" by Dr. Melville
.1. llerskovltz, who recently re
turned from a three-month so
journ in native huts of the most
primitive peoples In Haiti and
western Africa.
Doctor llerskovltz, professor of
anthropology at Northwestern
university, has engaged for ten
yenrs In research work.
“Voodooism Is not the bloody
terror that movies and books
make of It,” he said. “In reality
It Is a most peaceful religion.
Its devotees attend ceremonies
regularly ou Saturday night,
much In the nature of Wednes
day prayer meeting. Human sac
rifice is unknown."
sphere. He later was aided by
Lieut. Harry E. Kleseherg, formerly
of the United States bureau of nav
igation and steamboat Inspection.
Lieutenant Uleseberg now Is pre
paring a comprehensive chart de
signed to show exact positions of
87 of the major sunken treasure
vessels. A total of $1,663,862 In
gems and bullion, It was said, are
cached in the holds of the ships.
The "diving robot” has nine-foot
hydropneumatlc toggle-jointed arms
which are said to be capable of
lifting anything from a dime to a
half-ton. Thus, a diver may pick
up either large or small objects
from the sea bottom, heretofore Im
practical In salvage operations.
Outside the sphere powerful
searchlights penetrate the darkness
for as far as 100 feet In any direc
tion. Oxygen is supplied by an ap
paratus inside the device which en
ables a diver to remain under wa
ter for 16 hours.
Oregon Woman, Aged 80,
Seeks Angler’s License
Eugene, Ore.—Mrs. Nancy Burge
of Cottage Grove may be eighty
years old, but she’s going fishing tills
Mrs. Burge wrote the Lane coun
ty court here asking if she were
eligible for a free fishing license.
The state grants free licenses to
persons who have lived In Oregon
more than 60 years. Mrs Burge
did not furnish that Information,
but County Commissioner Cal Young
said she would get the license even
if he and the other commissioners
had to buy it. "If any woman of
eighty still enjoys fishing, she
should be able to fish,” Young said.
South Africa Booms Wheat
Montreal.—Canada’s trade with
South Africa has increased so
greatly that one steamship company
here has been forced to press five
extra ships into service. The ships
are "added starts.” The company's
regular four freighters on the route
will run on their usual schedules.
around the
National Capital
srrr. I— By CARTER riELDsssasss
Washington.—The beautiful
friendship between James M. Cur
ley and Franklin D. Roosevelt,
which grew so vigorously in the
spring and summer of 1932. and ap
peared to hloom in 1933, seems to
have wilted. No official statement
as to just why the governor of
Massachusetts and the President of
the United States are uo longer
David and Jonathan is forthcom
ing, hut there are rumors aplenty.
Back In the golden days of this
friendship there were friends of both
who predicted that James Roose
velt, sometimes called the favorite
son of the Chief Executive, would
one day, with the backing of Cur
ley, he governor of the Bay state.
But now this prospect Is also out of
the window, for the time being
least. James no longer holds forth
ut Cambridge. He has moved to
New Y’ork, perhaps temporarily, hut
certainly with uo obvious intention
of retaining his residence In Massa
Unkind critics say the Instigator
of the move was none other than
the President himself, and that It
was not wholly unconnected with
the cooling in the friendship be
tween himself and (lovernor Curley.
It was (tartly through James Roose
velt that Curley was so successful
in getting many of his friends and
lieutenants put on the federal pay
roll In key positions. Certainly
most of the appointees desired by
Curley had the endorsement of
James Roosevelt when they went
across the desk of Patronage Dis
penser Farley, the genial postmas
ter general.
In fact, Farley was even willing
to appoint Former Representative
Peter F. Tague as Boston postmas
ter, on Curley’s recommendation, al
though both Senators Walsh ami
Coolidge had made It clear they
would block his confirmation.
Got Cold Shoulder
Back In his campaign for the
governorship Curley confided to the
Massachusetts electorate that he, if
elected, would be able to bring home
a lot of federal appropriations to
the Bay state, whereas, he hinted,
what could Massachusetts expect
of an old line Republican like Ba
During the recent visit of New
England governors to Washington
to demand help for their closing
textile mills, to insist on something
being done about Japanese compe
tition, and to protest against the
cotton processing tax. Governor
Curley. It appeared to some of
them, rather got the cold shoulder.
In fact, one of the governors re
marked afterwards that when he
came to Washington from now on
he whs coming alone.
Which Is a far cry from the days
when Roosevelt was clapping Cur
ley on the shoulder, telling him how
sorry he was he could not put him
In the cabinet. Inquiring whether
he would not be acceptable to Mus
solini as ambassador to Rome, and
later, on this blowing up, offering
him the Polish embassy.
Just as Curley’8 recent speech be
fore the General Motors show at
Boston, when he sldeswlped the
New Deal rather effectively, was a
far cry from his speeches, either
In 1932 or liKD, from which his aud
itors got the distinct Impression
that Roosevelt was one of the
world’s noblemen, of unequalled abil
Who threw the first stone is al
ways an Interesting question, and
there Is h lot of speculation about
this case, especially since James
Roosevelt was literally moved out
of Massachusetts by the President.
But certainly Relief Administrator
Hopkins and Public Works Admin
istrator Ickes have not helped to
smooth matters over. To put It
mildly, they have not looked out for
Governor Curley’s Interest Curley
hit back vigorously, as he always
does, whereupon the White House
Itself gave him a reception which
did not enhance his prestige with
the other New England governors.
Italy Clamps Down
Negotiations — quite unofficial—
with Italy to induce that country
to remove her very drastic restric
tions on American Imports, have
gotten precisely nowhere to date,
j and the prospect Is not very bright.
Italy has clamped down on imports
of American automobiles, office ma
chinery, farm machinery, cotton,
and dozens of other products to
Just one-fourth of the HKD figures.
And the HKD figures were not very
But the representatives of Italy,
discussing the situation informally
with State department officials, say
they would be glad to buy If they
only had something to use for
money! And It Is proving very dif
ficult to answer them. For what
they mean, of course. Is that they
cannot go on Indefinitely buying
more than the.x sell. So it comes
down to this: America must take
more Italian goods If she wants to
keep on selling to Italy as she did
up to this mouth. (The restric
tions have Just gone into effect.)
“What do you want?" the State
department negotiators in effect
asked the Italians:
“We want your market opened
up for our lemons, tomato paste,
silk and hats—straw and felt hats,"
the Italians replied in effect
There Is enough political dynamite
In that answer to wreck any polit
ical party, and the terrible part of
it Is the Italians know It as well as
the State department officials who
were nonplussed at the answer.
Which Is me of the reasons why
Secretary of State Hull’s reciprocal
trade agreements have not made
more progress.
Curiously enough the Italians
have not manifested the expected
desire thaf something he done
about wines They are Just discour
aged about America as a wine mar
ket, They believe the country has
lost Its taste for good wines, and
while they of course do not con
cede that French wines are superior
to Italian wines, they know that
France Is suffering from the same
As a Wine Market
A very Important Italian official
In Washington recently dined with
some Italo-Ainerican friends. They
had all been horn in Italy, and he
presumed of course that their taste
In wine would he good
“Maybe It was a hint, and 1 did
not recognize It." he told the writ
er. “Maybe they thought I would
at once send them a case of really
good wine from the embassy. But
tfie fact Is they served me some per
feetly miserable wine. I think It
was California. Certainly It was
not Imported. M.v own thought Is
that If Italian people, as a result of
American prohibition have had
their tastes so impaired, what hope
Is there for our recovering even the
market for our wines that we had
before prohibition?"
California, and to a lesser extent
New York state and some other sec
tions. are certainly out to get what
ever market there Is In this country
for low-priced wines. California's
problem on this Is simple, but In
teresting. When prohibition came,
many California vineyards were
plowed under Then arose a tre
mendous demand for grapes from
would-be wine makers So the price
of grapes soared. California over
did the planting In attempting to
meet this demand, but this was not
apparent until along about 1980,
because it takes grapes some time
to come Into hearing.
Theu, to get rid of the grapes at
some price or other, there devel
oped the business of experts mak
ing wine for people In their own
cellars, thus avoiding the toils of
the law. This business mounted to
unbelievable proportions in the last
two years of prohibition Then It
blew up. and it became necessary
to market the California wine in
the normal way. Which California
has been doing, to the great distress
of foreign wine makers.
But any tinkering with the wine
tariff in behalf of Italy or France,
or any other country, will find a
solid phalanx of Californians ready
to die In the breach. If necessary.
From Cotton to Corn
Prospects that the South will buy
less corn from Iowa, Illinois, In
diana and other big corn raising
states of the Mid-West are already
disturbing senators and members
of the house from that region. So
far there are no political repercus
sions In the corn raising states, but
they are coming, unless some very
shrewd observers miss their guess
very badly.
What has happened is this: cot
ton planters, taking money not to
raise cotton. In many Instances have
turned to corn. This Is said to be
true all through the cotton belt. But
the cotton belt has always been a
splendid market for middle western
corn. Just to cite a typical exam
ple. Georgia formerly bought about
60,000,000 bushels a year, though
perfectly capable of supplying her
own corn needs without bringing In
a bushel.
So this splendid market for mid
west corn Just may not be there this
year 1 Whereupon there will be
very loud outcries Indeed against a
government which has paid the
southern planters not to raise cot
Gets Another Push
Now along comes the cotton cur
tallment program, and gives anoth
er push In the same direction.
Which is all very well for the South
—though there are those who have
their grave doubts about that, what
with the speedy development of for
elgn cotton production, which
makes one wonder about the fu
ture—but what about the producers
who formerly supplied the South
with what the South Is now rals
lng? Particularly the corn growers
of the Middle West?
This particular storm has not
burst. Yet It would he most timely
at the moment, with AAA under
fire about the cotton processing tax.
with New England and southern
mills closing down allegedly he
j cause of Japanese textile competl
tton, and AAA none too popular
No one In Washington seems to
be taking a long range view of the
problem. But It Is most interesting
that the storm center of trouble
seems likely to be In the Middle
West—the states from Indiana to
Iowa—by harvest time. This is Im
portant because If the storm center
were In the South, while there
might be plenty of political thunder
and lightning there, no one would
figure It very seriously with respect
to political prospects next year.
Copyright.—WNU S«rvic*
Travelers View Christ Church, Oxford.
Prepared by National Geographic Society,
LWashington. L>. C.—WNU Service.
RAVELING as a vagabond In
the British Isles is somewhat
different from traveling as a
tourist. Here’s how one American
saw the country on a job hunt which
extended from England through
Wales and Scotland to Edinburgh.
In London a member of the Guards
asked him, “If you hadn’t a lot of
money, how could you take a trip
like this?”
“Oil, that’s easy,” he replied.
“Worked my way across. I ex
pect to walk up to Scotland and
back, earning my expenses.”
“Great; but how are you going
to get work with jobs so scarce?”
“Trust to luck,” he said non
His equipment was simple. Over
a navy-blue slip-on sweater he put
on a roomy khaki shirt, leaving the
collar open; got into rough, brown
tweed trousers, and pulled on an
old brown snap-brim hat. Into a
small haversack went a change of
underwear, a couple of pairs of
socks, a few handkerchiefs, and
some toilet articles. Then he
packed all of his other belongings
and left them in the care of a stor
age company.
The walker arrived in Oxford at
commencement time, remained
there for two days, then set out for
Stratford-on-Avon. There he sought
out the place In Henley street which
most people believe to He the Ilard’s
birthplace. At the rear of the half
timbered, gable-roofed house, with
its quaint mullioned windows was
a spacious garden. A high stone
wall surrounded this idyllic spot,
but screened none of the beauty.
Due to his unusual height, he could
look right over and enjoy the scene
to his heart’s content without hav
ing to pay for the privilege.
In nearby Shottery, with his
finances reduced to only eight shill
ings, he suddenly abandoned holi
day-making and sought work. He
was offered a Job in a cow barn,
but finding that the purchase of
suitable clothing would eat up all
his profit, he declined the Job and
struck out for Worcester, a much
larger town with probably better
opportunities. Here he obtained a
position as laborer to help recon
struct a store.
Lost in the Hills of Wales.
On the rbad again, the American
wanderer took a long tramp through
the wilds of Wales. Leaving the
foothills behind, he came to the real
hills, some brown with heather,
soon to blossom out with tiny red
flowers that would transform them
into huge mounds of ruddy color.
Once, after a storm, he became lost
in the hills. Around him, ns far as
the eye could see was nothing but
grassy, almost treeless hills and
valleys. There was no sign of life
except for a few sheep nibbling at
tufts of grass nearby. Almost in
despair, be walked along mile after
mile without coming to a road or
within sight of a farmhouse, and
it wasn’t long before he realized he
had been misdirected and was as
near lost as anyone could be.
Groping in darkness made deeper
by the heavy clouds, he made his
way, cautiously testing each step
until he thought he had passed the
marshes. He saw at length a little
river in the valley, and beyond it a
faintly glimmering light. Throwing
cnution to the winds, he struck out
in that direction.
Not far from the bank of the
river, he ran into some tall grass
and, before he realized where his
feet were falling, he felt an odd
sensation, as if by some sinister
means he was being engulfed by an
unseen power. He wriggled loose,
only to slip again at the next step
into the clutches of the bog.
Was he suddenly to be snatched
away by this monster and leave no
trace? Frantic, he clutched at his
oozing strength and fought like a
madman, digging his nails into the
slime, seeking a support. Somehow
in the blackness he found one—and
drew himself to safety.
Liverpool to Scotland.
Finally he reached Liverpool, the
second seaport in Britain, where he
wus determined to make his next
try for a job. He obtained one
shifting furniture in the warehouse
of a department store. On the sec
ond day there lie was offered per
manent work at nearly double the
salary. Relieved, he thanked his
employer, but explained that he
was over to see some of the Old
world and didn't want to settle
down until he had done so. After
two weeks of working, and explor
ing Liverpool, he set off for Scot
In Kendal, he sat down on the
bank of the River Kent under a
gigantic elm and ate some sand
wiches purchased at a store near
by. The little money he had brought
from Liverpool had dwindled to a
few shillings.
One night, just as twilight was
beginning to form, he entered Edin
burgh and passed down Princes
street. Along one side, a wide ex
panse of well-kept gardens extend
ed to the bold, rocky hill on which
stands Edinburgh’s ancient fortress,
its proud castle.
After paying his week’s rent in
advance, he had five shillings left,
barely enough to provide food for
two days. That meant he should
have to use quick action. He began
with the department stores, but was
not so fortunate in finding a Job
this time. For two days he made
the rounds, calling everywhere he
thought there was a chance. Being
so tall, he drew the spotlight, and
quips from the Inquisitive Scots.
Selling Papers in Edinburgh.
When his resources had dwindled
to a shilling, he realized something
had to be done immediately, but
what? Hungry as a bear, he pon
dered on what he could buy that
would supply the most nourishment
at the least cost 1 Chocolate won!
In a sweets shop, he bought three
penny bars for breakfast and,
munching away, crossed the North
bridge. He came to the fine old
building housing the Scotsman and
the Evening Dispatch, two of the
most Important papers in Scotland.
Perhaps here was a chance; at
least it was worth making a stab
at! Inside he inquired how much
could be made by selling papers.
The man in charge was aston
ished. “You’re foolish,” he said.
“All the corners worth having are
held by dealers already.”
"Is the North bridge taken?"
“No,” spoke up some one near
him, and he learned that It was the
windiest place in the city, and that
the news dealers considered It the
most undesirable. People had to
clutch their hats and keep out of
the way of whirling dust, and usu
ally lost no time in getting to the
other side; and, anyway, why should
they stop to buy a paper when they
could get one at either end? The
prospects certainly weren’t bright.
But undaunted, he took his stand
near the center of the windy bridge,
pulled down his hat, and began
calling "Dispatch!”
Becomes Star Vender.
“Selling papers!” one woman ex
claimed, “And for a wager, I sup
pose. Well, I’ll encourage no such
foolishness! It’s not even today’s,
is it?”
"Yes, ma’am, it’s today’s and the
latest, and I’m not selling them for
a wager."
Their attention attracted by his
unusual height, pedestrians stared
at him, many eyeing him with
skepticism. But when they saw he
was really in earnest, the papers
quickly disappeared, and he had to
restock frequently. By seven o’clock
he found he had made more than
five shillings.
The next day he was one of the
star venders. On the following day
his photograph and a detailed ar
ticle about him appeared in the
press. From then on the papers
sold like hot cakes.
That night he was a bit of a
celebrity. Every few feet he was
stopped and given the glad hand.
He received so many whacks on the
back that his shoulders felt sore
the next day, and for the rest of
his stay, he had practically no time
to himself.