The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, May 02, 1935, Page FOUR, Image 4

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    The Frontier
B. H. Cronin, Editor and Proprietor
Entered at the Postoffice at O’Neill,
Nebraska as Second Class Matter.
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lisher and subscriber.
CONGRESS—AS SEEN
BY A NEBRASKAN
Hearings have been started on
the bills to take the postotficesu>Ut
of politics and put the entire sys
tem under civil service. The Norris
bill was being heard by a senate
committee and the companion bill
is to be heard by the committee on
the house side in the near future.
Mrs. Bald, of Platte Center,
Nebr., is one of the prominent Ne
braska women attending the D. A.
R. convention. The delegates arc
going to visit Mt. Vernon and Ar-1
lington Cemetery tomorrow, and I
they are going to close their meet
ing with a big banquet on Satur
day night.
The old age pension and employ-1
ers insurance bill will go thru the
house as ordered. The Townsend
plan, the Lundeen plan, the Green
way plan and others were cut down
like so much chaff, and the report
comes from the majority that it
will be passed early today. There
is a reuson. When the president
came back from his fishing trip he
told Joe Byrnes and Bob Doughton,
the latter chairman of the commit
tee and author of the security bill
that he wanted the bill to be put
thru and in quick time.
A lot of congressmen who wanted,
» real old age pension bill say they
are afraid the present one will do
no good for states that can’t raise
the money to match government
funds. They say its not an old age
pension bill at all for those states.
Some of the republicans who tried
to get the provision for old age
raised from $,'10 to $10 a month got
real party support but the machine
agreement on the bill stood solid
and the plan to increase the amount
was killed.
Mr. and Mrs. George Pinion were
here from Winside visiting with
ther nephew, Dwight Pinion, who
is employed with the War Veter
ans’ Bureau. Mr. and Mrs. Pinion
have been down in Virginia visiting
Grayson county. Many people
around Madison county have come
from Grayson county. Mr. Pinion
says he has been farming around
Winside for 24 years, and has given
it up. He doesn't know if he is
going to settle in Virginia or go
back to Nebraska.
The Harrison bonus compromise
is a thing which is being discussed
with unusual interest by Congress
men. Wright Patman, of Texas,
and author of the Patman Bonus
Bill, made a statement last night
to a group of congressmen that he
is very much pleased with the Har
rison compromise, although he may
not be for it. He believes it is a
great concession and feels that it
may mean that the so-called bonus
will be paid to the war veterans.
Letters have been coming in ask
ing about the government sending
families to Alaska, and these writ
ers inquire as to whether or not
the Government will send any
families to that country from Ne
braska. Our investigation shows
that a number of families are to be
sent to the Mantanuska Valley in
Alaska as a part of the land and
agriculture rehabilitation program.
Only a limited number of families
from one or two of the northern
states will be selected for this pro
ject, perhaps not to exceed 300
families will be transported this
spring. We are definitely told
that no Nebraska families will be
eligible.
A letter comes in stating that
“Sam, WJAG’s hog man’’ has de
cided not to write to his Congress
man until hogs reach an average
of 10c a pound. $1.00 corn should
bring 10c hogs. Congressmen are
discussing what will happen to hog
prices in the future, but none of
them know. Much has been said
rbout the strike of housewives in
the east against the high price of
meaty, and looking at thy window
of a meat market this morning, we
find the following bargain prices:
“stewing chickens, 27c a pound;
slices of ham, 39c a lb,; pork rib
ends, 23c a lb.; chuck mast beef,
25c a lb.; shoulders of lamb, 19c
a lb.; leg of lamb, 25c a lb.; Swift’s
Premium whole hams, 27c a lb.’
This was a special bargain price
for that day only.
The Nebraska farmers write in
to say that processing taxes on
hogs are too high, and that they
should be cut down or at least cut
in half, and if processing taxes are
going to be continued, they should
also be placed on other products.
Some of these hog farmers feel
that the hog man has been carry
ing the biggest burden so far as
processing taxes are concerned.
Easter has come and gone to
Washington. Rain spoiled the out
door exercises but thousands went
to Arlington cemetery to pray.
Other thousands went to crowded
churches wearing beautiful clothes
and to look at other people to see
what they were wearing. Never
has there been so much Easter
business in Washington according
to the store keepers. Night before
Easter clerks said they were more
tired than the night before Christ
mas
Talking about gasoline tax, in
Washington the gas tax is only
one cent, Automobile license is
only a dollar a year. The people
who live in Washington pay less
tuxes than people in other cities,
yet they want much of the money
raised by taxes from other people.
They have beautiful parks, wonder
ful bands. Paid for by the gov
ernment.
There is much sadness in one of
the important departments of the
justice organization in Washington.
Edward Backus, son of Mr. and
Mrs. A. H. Backus of Columbus,
died following a surgical operation.
He was 25 years old and was loved
by everybody in the department.
He was considered one of the out
standing young men in the justice
department.
KARL STEFAN.
40% OFF
We bring lower tire prices to you
- 40% Off Standard First Line
List—Others might follow, but re
member, we brought the price of I
tires down. With your continued
support, we can save you still more.
Economic Highlights
Many industrial writers are say
ing that the most significant busi
ness development of the early
months of 1935 has been the great
increase in corporation financing
thru new bond issues. This trend,
seems to be steadily gaining in im
portance—new bond issues are
rumored which would far exceed in
value those of March, which was in
itself an exceptional month. It is
true there have been few bond is
sues which represent ‘‘wholly new"
money—most of them have simply
represented refinancing operations,
with the object of retiring old
issues and replacing them with new
ones commanding lower interest
rates. However, the present out
look justifies the forecast that a
number of major corporations will
shortly offer the public securities
for “wholly new” projects.
It is natural to suppose that, if
business is once more coming out
of its shell and attempting financ
ing, industry at large is experienc
ing better times. The volume of in
dustrial production, according to
the Cleveland Trust company’s
Business Bulletin, has been run
ning about nine per cent higher
during the first quarter of this
year than in the same period of
1934. Other well-known indices,
such as that of Business Week,
agree.
Main reason for the improve
ment is the same as it was last
year: Motors. This industry, which
led the country out of the rela
tively minor depression of 1921, is
apparently going to lead the
country out of the major depres
sion of the present. Demand for
cars and trucks has held to a very
high level—those who forecast that
the demand would shortly be sur
feited were mistaken. The Amer
ican people, whatever else they are
buying, are going in heavily for
new transportation.
By way of contrast, retail trade,
which held up well during the bad
months of last year, is no longer
in the spotlight as an example of
better times. Pre-Easter trade
was disappointing, and stores sold
much less than they anticipated.
During the same period industry
improved, though most comment
ators had forecast that it would
decline. Depression has taught
one thing at least—the standards
on which forecasts were based in
, the past are no longer sure-fire.
I Trends that, in 1928, could have
j been analyzed with safety as to
future developments, are now
showing a habit of turning upon
themselves and establishing new
and unlooked-for precedents.
As for other industries, the pic
ture is mixed. A few lines of pro
duction—textiles, food products,
tobacco and anthracite coal, showed
declines of late. Iron and steel
have changed but little. Cement
and bituminous coal made small
advances. Factory payrolls and
employment have increased.
The textile situation threatens to
become explosive. At the present
time, the government assesses all
textile manufacturers in order to
obtain the money it is paying
farmers for non-production of cot
ton. Manufacturers are irate, say
that this tax makes it impossible
to operate at a profit. They now
suggest that the tax he dropped,
that the farmers be paid from the
public works fund. President
Roosevelt has looked coldly on that'
idea, has said that the textile
people exaggerate. Secretary Wal
lace, as might be expected, agrees
with the President. Some textile
spokesmen have made the dire
forecast that if the present plan is
continued not a loom will be turn
ing in six months.
One industry at least is literally
booming—silver. The Treasury is
forcing the price up, holders of
the metal are not selling because
they believe still higher prices arc
in the offing. Thus, demand far
outruns supply. The silver pro
ducers believe they are entering a
period of real prosperity.
As this column has said, fore
casts are dangerous. But a digest
of all the forecasts would indicate
that business will continue to get
better during the rest of this year,
may actually approach normal by
1986.
A few Sundays ago Secretary of
the Treasury Morganthau explain
ed, via radio, the financial status of
the nation. Two of the facts brot
out in his speech are of exception
al interest.
First, when the present Admin
istration came to office the gross
public debt was a trifle under $21,
000,000,000. On March 31, it was
$28,000,000,000.
Second, it would naturally be
supposed that the interest cost of
the debt would be at a record high,
inasmuch as the d.ebt itself is. But
the annual interest cost — now
amounting to $800,000,000—is less
than it was in 1925, when the debt
wns $8,000,000,000 less.
The reason is that government
bonds now pay less interest than
at any time in history. The aver
age on the bonds outstanding is
but 2.86 per cent, and the Treasury
is gradually calling in old, high
interest bond issues, and issuing
low-interest ones in their place.
NATIONAL AFFAIRS
- i
Ry Frank P. Litschert
During the past few weeks the
newspapers have been full of the
disagreements of Senator Long and
the national administration. We
have been regaled with extracts of
speeches of the stalwart members
of the administration like Mr. Ickes,
who have taken Mr. Long to task.
We have absorbed the details of
the disagreement as to the control
of the expenditure of relief money
in Louisiana together with specula
tion as to whether or not Senator
Long intends to oppose the admin
istration seriously in the next
campaign.
No matter how much we may
agree or disagree with Senator
Long and his theories there seems
to be little doubt as to his ability
to gain the attention of the public
thru the newspaper and the radio.
Thishas tended to under-emphasize
the fact that there has been serious
disagreement with the course of
the administration from other
statesmen of the same political
faith, statesmen whose record for
conservatism and political “dignity”
is much greater than that of the
colorful senator from Louisiana.
Relief At Last
A & B Drug: Stores, Inc.
O’NEILL & BLOOMFIELD
For example: here are three
Southern senators of Democratic
tradition who have been battling
against measures sponsored by the
administration—Senators Glass and
Byrd of Virginia, and Bailey of
North Carolina. Governor Tal
madge of the staunch Jeffersonian
state of Georgia has been in ser
ious argument with Washington
and Governor Curley, of Massa
chusetts, one of the President’s
closest political friends, has gone
so far as to suggest publicly that
the best thing Secretary Wallace
could do for the public would be to
resign and go back to Iowa. The
usually accurate Oliver McKee, Jr.,
writing in the Boston Transcript
says: “Among the 435 members of
the House of Representatives it
would be hard to find a group more
silently wrathful than the seven
Democrats from Massachusetts.’’
And so on. No doubt there would
be a great deal more wrath which
was not so silent were it not for
the patronage power of the admin
istration and the tremendous pres
tige it built up in the elections of
1932 and 1934.
Senator Glass has been particu
larly critical of the new banking
bill which is said by its opponents
to “politicalize” banking control,
while Senators Bailey and Byrd
have been prone to criticize fea
tures of the agricultural act which
they say would give Secretary Wal
lace complete control of the food
of the nation, and of the Bankhead
bill designed to aid farm tenants.
Of the latter proposal Senator
Bailey says: “We might as well
make a clean sweep of it and send
for Dr. Townsend to run the gov
ernment.”
One of the most forceful argu
ments against the AAA bill was
delivered recently in a radio ad
dress by Senator Byrd. In part the
Virginia statesman charged:
“The AAA started out to control
certain basic cojnmodities and un
dismayed by the failure of the
NRA to regulate all business now
wants to extend its control over all
farmers, all processors of food and
all handlers by a system of univer
sal licensing. In other words, we
are now asked to NRA the farmers
of America.
“The NRA hag injured and in
many instances destroyed the small
business man and a licensing sys
tem will injure tho small farmer.
* * *
“Imagine a farmer who grows a
perishable crop waiting for“ the un
winding of red tape at Washington
thousands of njiles away before
he an ship a product that will
spoil in a few hours.”
From this it must not be taken,
however, that Mr, Roosevelt is now
in critical danger of losing the
election in 1936. The Republicans
are split, too, perhaps as badly
j split as the Democrats, and Mr.
Roosevelt has all the power and
prestige which goes alon<» with the
man that is “in.” Besides there is
that appropriation of §4,800,000,
000 which administration Demo
crats are counting on to continue
relief measures and stimulate
business temporarily at least; yet
it must be admitted that Mr. Roose
velt’s political honeymoon is over.
House Figuring On A
Unicameral Hedy of 50
It now appears certain that the
unicameral legislature will be com
posed of fifty members. A bill
providing for that number has been
advanced to third leading in the
house with such a majority that
there is no question but what it will
pass the house on third reading.
The senate passed a bill provid
ing for a membership of forty
eight, but they will probably ac
cept the bill passed by the house.
Following is the district align
ment of the next legislature:
1. Pawnee, Richardson, popula
tion 29,249.
2. Johnson, Nemaha, 21,693.
3. Otoe, 19,901.
4. Sarpy, Cass, 27,286.
5. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Douglas
county.
13. Washington, Burt, 25,649.
14. Thurston, Dixon, Dakota,
31,553.
15. Cedar, Wayne, 26,933.
16. Stanton, Cuming, Colfax,
33,570.
17. Dodge, 25,273.
18. Saunders, 20,167.
19. 20, 21, 22. Lancaster county.
23. Gage, 30,242.
24. Thayer, Jefferson, 30,093.
25. Fillmore, Saline, 29,327.
26. Seward, York, 33,177.
27. Butler, Polk, 24,502.
28. Nance, Platte, 29,899.
29. Madison, 26,037.
30. Pierce, Knox, 30,190.
31. Antelope, Boone, 29,944.
32. Hamilton, Clay, 25,730.
33. Nuckolls, Webster, Frank
lin, 31,933.
34. Adams, 26,275.
35. Hall, 27,117.
36. Howard, Sherman, Merrick,
29,767.
37. Valley, Wheeler, Garfield,
Loup, Greeley, 25,335.
38. Holt, Boyd., Keya Paha,
Rock, 30,247.
39. Custer, 26,189.
40. Buffalo, 24,338.
41. Dawson, Frontier, 25,989.
42. Gosper, Phelps, Kearney,
Harlan, 30,599.
43. Red Willow, Furnas, 25,999.
44. Hitchcock, Dundy, Hayes,
: Chase, Perkins, 27,800.
45. Lincoln, 25,627.
46. Keith, Deuel, Garden, Arth
ur, McPherson, Logan, Blaine,
Thomas, Hooker, Grant, 26,229.
47. Cherry, Sheridan, Brown,
27,463.
48. Sioux, Dawes, Box Butte,
28,021.
49. Scottsbluff, 28,644.
50. Banner, Morrill,' Kimball,
Cheyenne, 26,488.
An exchange wants to know why
women and money are alike and
then answers by saying that you
have to keep them busy or they
lose interest Yes, and if you let
them venture too far you lose both
principal and interest
-—
Supervisors’ Proceedings
(Continued from last week)
RESOLUTION
WHEREAS, Edward A. Keeler
of Ewing, Holt county, Nebraska,
is a poor person who is unable to
earn a livlihood, in conseqquence
of bodily infirmity, and
WHEREAS, Harry A. Keeler,
Jess E. Keeler, Ora A. Keeler, Ar
thur Keeler, Clarence Keeler, Er
nnet Keeler, Clyde Keeler, Margery
Keeler, Ruby Russell, Ross Keeler,
Bess Nikolite and, Clara Keeler are
all children of the said Edward A.
Keeler and are possessed of suffi
cient means and ability to support
and care for said Edward A. Kee
ler, and
WHEREAS, the said Edward A.
Keeler is now being partially cared
for, supported and maintained by
the County of Holt
NOW THEREFORE, I move
you that that the said Harry A.
Keeler, Jess E. Keeler, Ora Keeler,
Arthur Keeler, Roy Keeler, Clar
(Continued on page 8, column 2.)
1 PUBLIC AUCTION I
♦♦ *♦
:: Of My
| OFFICE FIXTURES \l
2:30 p. m. «
Saturday, May 4
♦♦ At My Office Building in H
S Atkinson t|
| J.J. ST1LS0N |
jj Col. JARVIS, Auctioneer^Jj
SEED
POTATOES
Car on Burlington Track
Friday, Saturday and
Sunday
May 3, 4 & 5
GENUINE RED RIVER
IRISH COBBLERS
While They Last, Per 100-Lb. Bag
si.75
Good Seed Potatoes are getting scarce, and
this may be your last chance to get good seed.
Powerful .... easy starting .... quick pick-up
.... speedy .... knock-proof .... its leadership
is unquestionable—
White Rose
Gasoline
9
Yet all this quality costs you no more than regular gaso
line. Come in and let us fill your tank with this new
White Rose .... let it prove itself to you!
Protection
5
En-ar-co—the Wear-proof Motor Oil
—awaits you here. It gives your
motor lubrication at its best. 1
I waVco morom 'o' i
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MELLOR MOTOR CO.
Fifth & Douglas O’Neill, Nebr. (
At the Sign of the Boy and Slate