The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, April 25, 1935, Image 7

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    Problem of Rhine
Revived by Hitler
% __ I
Always Played Big Part in
European Politics.
Washington.—Germany’s new mil
itary program, which defies the
Versailles treaty, renews the old
problem of Rhineland fortifications,
and again brings into the news n
fertile valley which has so often
been an economic and political fron
According to the terms of the
treaty Germany was allowed to re
tain the left bank of the Rhine pro
viding it was completely demili
tarized. Military occupations of
this zone (from 1918 to 1930) by
American, French and British
forces insured Germany’s fulfill
ment of her agreement.
“The Rhine has always played an
important part in European poli
tics," says the National Geographic
society. “A glance at the map
shows many of the most famous
Rhine towms standing on the left
bank of the river. This is because
the Rhine was once a frontier of
Roman civilization, and it was on
the west side that Roman strong
holds were established. Today,
starting near its source, the river
marks the boundary first between
Switzerland and Liechtenstein, then
Switzerland and Austria, Switzer
land and Germany, and finally Ger
many and France.
Important Waterway.
"Flowing from south to north, the
Rhine Is one of Europe’s chief wa
terways. With its numerous tribu
taries it drains one of the most
densely populated regions of Eu
rope, a country rich in minerals and
Intensively cultivated. It reaches
the North sea coast opposite London,
thus connecting with British ship
ping, and forming a natural out
let for Germany, Belgium, and the
“Canals join the Rhine from the
Rhone, the Marne, and the Dan
ube. It is navigable without Inter
ruption from Basle to the sea, a dis
tance of 3T>0 miles. Ocean-going
steamers can ascend as far as Co
logne, where cargoes are trans
ferred to river boats, but only
small craft can navigate the upper
Rhine above Spires.
“Since the Versailles treaty the
Rhine has become an international
waterway open to ships of all na
“Although it rises In the Swiss
Alps and enters the North sea
through Netherland territory, to the
Germans the Rhine is their national
river. It Is firmly woven Into their
history, their art, their music, and
their literature. A boat trip down
this stream is a journey through
Germany’s past as well ns her pres
Medieval Stronghold.
“The Rhine enters the Rift val
ley at Basle, flowing north between
the ranges of the Vosges and the
Black forest. At Mainz, where the
Main enters the Rhine, the slopes
of the Taunus hills turn the river
westward until it reaches Bingen.
Between Bingen and Bonn it winds
through the narrow Rhine gorge be
neath high cliffs adorned with an
dent castles or steeply terraced
“Halfway between Bingen and
Bonn the gorge is broken by the en
trance of the Moselle from the west
and the Lahn from the east. Coblen*
is built on a triangle of land be
tween the Moselle and the Rhine.
The Romans called it Confluentes.
During the occupation of the Rhine
land by the nllles after the World ;
war it was headquarters for the
American division. On a rocky
precipice across the Rhine is the
old fortress of Khrenbreitstein. an
Important stronghold since medie
val days.
"Bonn is famous as Beethoven's
birthplace, and as the seat of an
undent university. Beyond Bonn the
Rhine swings north and then west
through a wide plain. Cologne
(Koln), third city of Germany, Is
a busy port, trading in grain, wine,
ores, coal, and timber. Above a
sea of city roofs soar the twin
spires of the Cologne cathedral, each
nearly as tall as the Washington
"Industry and commerce crowd
out natural beauty along the low
er Rhine. Dusseldorf Is an Impor
tant manufacturing town, noisy
with factories nnd great steel and
Iron works. It Is particularly noted
for its dyeing industries, and also
as the birthplace of Heinrich Heine.
Duisburg, at the point where the
Ruhr joins the Rhine, is one of
the most extensive river ports in
the world. It Is a chief center of
the German steel industry, and com
mercial gateway of the coal and
iron shipping out of the Ruhr. In
cidentally it was once the home of
Mercator, the great map maker.
"Coal smoke and machinery have
failed to destroy the legends of the
past. Siegfried was supposedly born
at Xanten, near the Netherlands
border, and at Cleves, Lohengrin,
the knight of Wagner’s opera, res
cued the beautiful Elsa."
Famous German Boy Choir Visits America
The oldest and most famous of boy choirs, tbe Dresden Kretizchor, as they arrived at New York
recently. This choir, whose history dates back to 1200 is composed of GO boys ranging in age from ten to nine
teen years. They will make a tour of the United States.
Lights of New York bx l. l. stevenson
Curious things happen in the City
of the Seven Million. For Instance:
Ira Wolfert, dramatic critic of the
North American Newspaper Alli
ance, with his wife was awaiting
the opening curtain of “The Sim
pleton of the Unexpected Isles,”
when a friend touched Mrs. Wolfert
on the shoulder and asked her if
she had lost her purse. Hasty in
vestigation showed that she had.
The friend explained that she had
boarded an Eighth avenue subway
train and happened to see the purse
under the seat. Opening it, she
found Mrs. Wolfert’s name. Know
ing where her friends would be, she
followed them to the Guild theater
and made restoration—and saw the
play with the Wolferts. Incidental
ly, the purse contained all the cur
rent funds of the family.
• • •
After all this time, I’ve found
an ally in the crusade against red
fingernails. He is William H. Al
len, secretary of the municipal civil
service commission. He holds that
red fingernails remind him of the
“blood of a dead horse.” He has
issued no orders against such fem
inine adornments In his department
but refuses to give dictation to the
five or six stenographers who serve
him, if their fingernails are that
«leep red. Also he regards fresh air
^nd exercise as better than make
up. His attitude has caused quite
a lot of talk among the girls in his
department. But there is a notice
able paleness of both fingernails
and faces.
• * *
In the opinion of William F. Mul
rooney, who has just completed two
years ns head of the state liquor
control board. New York has the
aiiost liberal and the best enforced
wiquor law of any state in the
Union. There are defects, of course,
he admits, holding that perfection
in handling liquor will never be
reached. Incidentally, Chairman
Mulrooney is a teetotaler and al
ways has been. That, after 37
years In the police department, he
should be in the liquor business Is
a constant surprise to him. In the
last two years, the state has col
lected $43,000,000 in liquor licenses.
• • •
Not so long ago, the news broke
that an Investigation had disclosed
that a downtown financial club bad
run afoul of the liquor laws because
the stuff that went into the high
balls and was served straight,
lacked authority. There was no
prosecution, however, Chairman Mul
rooney explained why. The guilt
was not on the house committee or
those connected with the bar. It
seems tiiat the night watchman and
porters liked their liquor, and to
conceal their takings, had added
water to the bottled goods.
• • •
An announcement by William Fel
lowes Morgan, Jr., commissioner of
markets, indicates that a colorful
bit of metropolitan life Is to come
to an end at last. The announce
ment concerns push carts of which
Helen Stephens, a high school lass
from Fulton. Mo., defeated the here
tofore unbeatable Stella Walsh In
the 50-meter final of the A. A. U.
women's track and field meet at St
there nre about 4,000 scattered all
over the city. Instead of allowing
them to continue to park In the
streets, Commissioner Morgan Is
planning on putting the merchants
under cover and thus making small
shopkeepers of them.
* • »
The start, according to present
plans, is to be made on Park ave
nue, between One Hundred Elev
enth and One Hundred Fifteenth
streets, about June 1. The New
York Central railroad runs above
ground there and the railroad ele
vated structure will serve as a roof
for 4G7 stalls, each 7 by 8 feet. The
cost will be $800,000 and in return
the city will receive $8.50 a week
rental from each merchant.
©, Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service.
Reach Alaska Town in
Four and One-Half Days
Chicago.—Nome, Alaska, In the
shadow of the Arctic circle, Is 7,000
miles from New York and Atlantic
seaport cities. Surface transporta
tion time is 84 days, but now It Is
possible to travel from New York
to the little city near the top of the
world in far off Alaska in four and
one-half days, announces United Air
Here’s the new schedule: Leave
New York on United plane at noon,
arriving in Senttle In time to catch
a steamer for Juneau, Alaska’s cap
ital. There one hoards a Pan Amer
ican plane Hying over the Gold
Rush trail, and In a few hours the
passenger is at the farthest north
city under Uncle Sam’s flag.
Snake With Hind Legs
Is Found in Nebraska
Omaha, Neb.—A snake with two
legs was brought to town by Henry
O. Palmer from his farm at Louis
ville. He says snakes with legs are
not rare, but they do have them
sometimes. The fact that these may
properly be called hind legs makes
the reptile particularly worthy of
notice, in its captor's opinion. The
snnke Is a spreading viper, one of
the nonvenomous kind. It Is two
feet long and Its legs are about
five inches from the tip of the tall.
They don’t amount to anything to
speak of, because they measure
only a little more than a quarter of
an Inch, but nobody cau deny that
they are legs.
Protection Impossible
The Railroad Crossings
Things Are Better
When Russia Is Rich
Europe seeks some network of
"treaties" to prevent a war, or bind
armies ana air
fleets of each of
those signing
such treaties to
protect the oth
ers In case of
In the new war
of the air. ns In
secret gangster
war, no protec
tion Is possible,
IV here one
criminal has an
“automatic" or
“s ubaiHchlne
gnn," agree
meats among luw-ahiding citizens
cannot protect them. And while
one nation can secretly build and
suddenly launch airships with poi
son gas and explosive bombs, no
city can consider Itself safe.
France and England, after elab
orate experiments, announce that
there is no possible way of protect
ing a modern city against air at
tacks, even though the city knew
In advance when to expect them.
The only safeguard Is fear of re
Deeply grieved by the killing of
many school children at a public
crossing, the President plans exten
sive elimination of railroad grnde
crossings. Complete elimination of
such crossings would involve spend
ing hundreds of millions or billions.
The work would be undertaken with
careful concentration on the fact
that railroading itself Is hound to
change or disappear so fur as trans
portation of passengers is con
Railroads In the future must
carry passengers more than one
hundred miles an hour, on light
railroad equipment, able to climb
steep grades as easily ns automo
biles do now. Elimination of grade
crossings will take that Into con
sideration and Include elimination
of existing sharp curves at cross
ings, that the work may not be
done twice.
Dun & Bradstreet, well In
formed usually, say that a big busi
ness rise is coming. Their wreekly
survey informs you that before the
end of this quarter business prog
ress will have developed to a de
gree beyond the most sanguine es
timates offered at the beginning of
the year.
How rich will the Russians be
come, with their energetic develop
ment of national resources, all over
Russia and far Into Arctic regions?
And what will he the effect on
Communism, bolshevism and the
proletariat when Russia becomes,
as she may do, the richest nation
on earth, and those that rule her
become the world's richest men,
perhaps the first multiple billion
aires in history?
Expeditions sent t ■> the Arctic
have discovered coal, nickel, zinc,
tin, copper, gold and oil, all Inside
the Arctic circle.
A regular line of freight ships
has been established through the
northwest passage, gigantic Ice
breakers going ahead of the freight
ers. Already Russia produces three
times as much gold as the United
States. What will be the psycho
logical effect on Communism when
Russia produces more gold than
any other nation on earth?
Gambling In silver, made inevitable
by this country pushing up the
price, goes on all over the world;
poor old China is buying back at
double prices silver sold too cheap,
and Britain must wish she had been
In less of u hurry to unload below
30 cents an ounce the hundreds of
millions of ounces taken from In
dia. when India, in a foolish mo
ment, was put on the gold basis,
only to fall off again.
If you love your British cousins,
rejoice. Neville Chamberlain, chan
cellor of the exchequer, says Brit
ish Income taxes will he cut be
cause British finances show a sub
stantial surplus. That surplus ap
pears In spite of the fact that Brit
ain Is nddlng more than $52,000,000
to the cost of armaments.
Your satisfaction in this good
news may he Increased by your
knowledge that the United States
had the pleasure of financing the
surplus and the additional arma
ments to the tune <i $5,000,IKK),000
In war dot)ts not paid.
Senator Wheeler of Montana has
Introduced a hill ordering the na
tional government to take over,
own and operate the railroads of
the nation beginning January 1,
1930. There is no doubt that rail
road stock and bond holders would
say, “Amen,” If they could be sure
of getting n fair price for their
property. Ball send management,
naturally, would grieve. To give
up power Is always unpleasant
©, King Features Syndicate, Inc.
WNU Service.
Extra Piay
&. McClure Wwwpaper Syndicate.
WNU Service
IUDY was only a movie extra, but
Andy had fallen for her harder
tlinu if she were Mi>na Manning
herself. Judy was twice as pretty
as the famous star, only half as
sophisticated, and ten times as
sweet. The life guard had figured
the whole thing out mathematically
when the girls had come down to Beach on location ten days
But Just now he stood glaring
down as she sat In the sand.
"So you care more about your
darned publicity than you do about
me !"
Her blue eyes Hashed angrily. "1
care about holding down my Job!
If you’d ever been out of work as
long as I have, you’d realize how
much m.v pay envelope means to
me !**
"I don’t care how much you think
of your pay envelope. 1 don’t like
that guy Turner even If he Is a di
rector. And I don’t want you to
go out with him.”
Judy shrugged shapely brown
shoulders. "I’ll go out with him
every night In the week if It’s nec
essary to keep my Jol 1"
Andy glared at her. "And I sup
pose you’d let him make love to you.
Just to hold your Job?"
Judy flushed, then laughed.
“Don’t he melodramatic, darling!
life Isn’t like that!”
“Don’t he too sure. I’ve heard
of directors who expected more
than Just good acting from the pret
ty extra girls.”
Judith sobered for a moment. ”1
know. There was n girl who killed
She shuddered, but the next In
stant forced a laugh. "We’re being
awfully silly. Just because Mr.
Turner likes to take mo out Is no
sign he has designs on me!"
The man scowled. “Knowing
Turner, I’d say that was quite a
definite sign.”
Andy saw very little of Judy the
next few days although never for a
moment did he stop thinking of her.
And then early one morning she
came down to the beach, and his
strong heart began doing strange
things In his deep chest.
She carried herself with a deter
mined air this morning that was
new to her. Andy was puzzled as
she strode out to the end of the
windy pier. Surely she wasn't go
ing to dive? The undertow beneath
the pier was terrific. Only an ex- I
pert swimmer could withstand that
pulling toward the piles.
Good heavens! She was stand
ing outside the rnlllng at the pier's
end, her shoulders drooping, her
whole attitude that of hopeless de
jectlon! Andy looked nbout wildly
for movie cnmerns, but none were
In sight. He was the only person
on the bench. And Just ns he looked
back at her, Judy slipped off Into
the water.
The life guard raced to the pier
and covering Its length In Marathon
strides, dove Into the water. He
saw Judith clinging to one of the
barnacle-covered piles under the
pier. If only she could keep her
grip! But the barnacles were sharp
and would cut her hands. With
long swift strokes he swam toward
"Hold on!” he shouted, but his
voice sounded tiny.
She must have heard for she
turned her head to look nt him. A
strange expression came Into her
eyes. Then deliberately she re
leased her hob) and dropped Into
the rushing green-black wafer!
Andy dived after her but soon
discovered that she did not want tr
be rescued. She struggled desper
ately to free herself.
"Let me go!" she gasped when
they reached the surf.K e of the wn
ter. She kicked violently with both
legs and pounded him with her fists.
Andy was bitterly determined.
"Stop that! Do you want me to
knock you out?"
One of his arms encircled her
tightly, and with his other arm and
legs he kept them both afloat.
She tried to push awav but Andy
raised Ills fist menacingly.
"All right," she gasped. "I’ll go
with you."
Her body relaxed, nnd with one
hand on his shoulder she allowed
him to tow her.
Laying her down gently In the
soft dry sand, he asked. “Are yon
all right?”
Without nnswerlng she gave him
a smile of unbelievable sweetness.
Andy took one of the cold white
hands In his. "Darling, I don’t
know what's happened, hut I love
you. and I want to marry you. I
want to take care of you always.”
"You’re sweet, Andy.”
“Will you marry me?”
"Yes. I didn’t want you to res
cue me. But when you did, I found
I loved you. Do all the ladles yon
save fall In love with you, Andy?"
The man Ignored her question.
"Darling, why did you try to drown
yourself? Promise me you’ll never
do a thing like that again.”
Judy smiled, salt water still
clinging to her long eyelashes. "I
wasn’t trying to drown myself.
Andy. I was just practicing for mv
big scene tomorrow, with extra pay
I’m doubling for Mona Manning In
a suicide act! I was supposed to
swim away under the water, but
yor spoiled it all by rescuing me.” 1
Art of Walking
in Long Skirts
Graceful Motion Not Hard
to Master; Simple
Now that long skirts have come
Into their own again for afternoon
ami evening frocks, it Is Important
for women to know how to walk In
them. The short skirts which have
prevailed in the long period of man
nish styles permitted wearers to
adopt a mannish stride, If they so
wished. The long skirts require the
wearer to pay heed to her steps lest
they betray an awkwardness and un
accustomedness to dainty feminine
apparel. No one who wishes to make
a good appearance will slouch along
or take mannish strides. In long
skirts. The grace of a person ac
customed to society's dictates In cos
tume nnd carriage can he ncqulred
with prnctlce.
To gain the desired poise, try the
following simple exercise, standing,
and preferably out of doors, or In a
room fragrant with fresh air. Tnke
a deep breath, then draw In the ab
domen, nnd slowly exhale. Do this
ten times, at one period and have
three such periods. Again raise the
arms slowly to n horizontal position
while Inhaling, draw in abdomen nnd
slowly drop the arms to the side
while exhaling. It Is amazing how
erect and well poised one gets by
such exercises.
After such exercises walk around
for a few moments, avoiding extra
long strides or mincing steps. Keep
the head well up. Walk naturally.
Affectation of any sort detracts from
charm. The poise nnd improved car
riage of the body will be a great aid
in a graceful walk.
When you go to the theater and
see plays of the date when women
wore long skirts, with trains, note
the manner In which the actresses
manage these trnlns. It looks so
easy! But these women have not nc
qulred the grace without much prac
tice. They know exactly where to
place the foot to advance, nnd Just
how to swing the train with the oth
er foot so that it straightens out or
circles in the direction wanted. Cos
tumers used to give their inexperi
enced patrons advice about these
things. The patrons gladly practiced
under the eye of the coutourier.
Without such aid nnd training, the
modern woman has to teach herself
or be awkward. A graceful walk can
he acquired with practice.
<g). Bell syndicate.—WNU Service.
Danger in Overworking
Child Musical Prodigy
Even students of music nnd the
majority of their pedagogues nre
only dimly aware of the extensive
ravages of (lie occupational neuroses
affecting musicians, for all over the
world they are plagued by specific
occupational diseases pertinent to
their profession, Robert 1‘ollnk says
in an article on the psychic ailments
of musicians, In Hygela, the Health
For the overworked child prodigy
who shows unusual musical talent,
the danger Is especially imminent;
often little attention Is paid to his
diet, exercise and relaxation. At best,
youth is a hazardous period. The
danger zone of puberty Is one of
physical, mental nnd social crises.
The youth with talent must be guard
ed In some way from his own ex
cesses, from the blindness of his par
ents and sometimes from the stupid
ity of tils teachers. The modern
teacher must be something of a
pathologist as well as a musician,
lie should he able to detect the tend
encies toward occupational disease
In this formative period. He Is re
sponsible for tlie teaching of the
hygiene of work and rest as well ns
for Instruction in harmony and coun
Dr. Pierce’s Pleasant Pellets are the orig
inal little liver pills put up 60 years ago.
They regulate liver and bowels.—Aav.
At Least That
Stratosphere picture makes the
earth look like n checkerboard. Well,
everybody is trying to keep one
Jump ahead.—Birmingham News.
This ‘‘Fan” rag rug has attracted
a lot of attention and to our knowl
edge quite a few home rug makers
have made one or more like it. It
must be seen to be appreciated.
Made up in brilliant colors, the pan
els in alternating light and dark
shades and the center of dark green
and red, this rug is bound to catch
the attention of anyone upon enter
ing the room. This model measures
58 inches across and 30 Inches deep,
and requires about four pounds of
material to crochet. The ten panels
are made flrst and then crocheted to
gether. The center half circle is
made to fit opening for It and in turn
is slip stitched into space.
This beautiful rug is one of the
twenty handmade rugs shown in col
ors in rug book No. 24.
If handmade rag rugs Interest you
send us 15c for this book of rugs
with instructions, and you will re
ceive it by mall postpaid.
PANY. Department C, Nineteenth
and St. Louis Avenue, St. Louis, Mo.
Inclose a stamped addressed en
velope for reply when writing for any
Mouth Acids
— by chewing one or
more Milnesia Wafers
muddy-looking, blotchy and
red—relieved and improved
with safe, medicated Resinol.
WNC—U 17—35
ADVERTISING is as essen
rial to business as is rain
to growing crops. It is the key
stone in the arch of successful
merchandising. Let us show you
how to apply it to your business.
Says Mrs. M. E. Ryner
son of Clayton, Indiana.
"My cakes and pastries
won 44 awards at the
Indiana State Fair last
year and all were baked
with Clabber Girl.”
“Simoniz Makes the Finish Last Longer"
Play safel Simoniz your carl Don’t let “finish
rot” go on and on, ruining its beauty. Simoniz
•tops this destructive decay. Makes the finish
last longer and keeps it beautiful for years. If
your car is dull, first use the new, improved
Simoniz Kleener. It quickly restores the lustre.