The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, February 07, 1935, Image 1

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    N*cb. State Historical Society
With All Bills In The Question of
Liquor Regulation One of Main
Issues Before Legislature.
By James R. Lowell
With the 20-day limit for intro
ducing bills terminated, Nebraska
legislators can now tackle in earnest
K the manifold serious problems that
| confront this final bi-cameral ses
sion. The 1935 record of bills in
troduced was 1,036 compared with
1,070 two years ago. However, it
is possible for the governor to in
troduce or cause to be introduced
any bill or bills he may desire, and
it is considered probable that a
measure may yet find its way into
the legislative hopper, calling for a
1 cent increase in the gasoline tax
as a means of raising §2,000,000
for relief.
The administration’s “official”
liquor bill made its debut early
last week,- and is aimed particularly
at the “bootleggers,” according to
its 19 introducers. Attorney Gen
eral Wright says the bill combines
the best points of liquor control ex
perience in seven of Nebraska’s
neighboring states which he visited
early this winter at Cochran’s re
In order to frustrate the bootleg
gers, the plan would make liquor
available at so reasonable a price
that people would have no incentive
to patronize illegal vendors. It
would require every city in the
state to try out legalized liquor
* before exercising the right of local
option, and it would not be until
two years after the law went into
effect that local communities could
hold “dry” elections.
Major features of the bill are
creation of a three-member state
commission which would hold lic
ensing power; generally speaking,
on-sale and off-sale licenses would
t not be issued to the same premises,
large hotels in Lincoln and Omaha
excepted; separate licenses for sale
of beer and, hard liquor authorized
by the drink; $300 on-sale license
in cities under 25,000, and $400 in
Lincoln and Omaha; cities and
towns could not levy occupation
taxes to exceed the amount of the
state license; near beer would be
subject to same regulations as full
strength beer, and spiking would
be prohibited; the commission
could hire a secretary at $3,600 a
year, and such other employes as
necessary, while the commissioners
would receive $5,000 the first two
years and after that $4,200 a year,
the first terms to be two, four and
six years, and after that six years
thruout; licenses would be limited
on a population basis, giving cities
of less than 1,500 population two
on-sale and two off-sale licenses
and one more of each type for each
additional 1,500 persons.
The bill appropriates $100,000
for immediate expenses of the
liquor commission. All taxes and
license fees tvould be placed in a
liquor control enforcement fund,
to be appropriated at the discretion
of the legislature for enforcing the
law. Estimated total revenue is
estimated at $500,000 to the state.
A state liquor store plan was in
troduced by Rep. Steele (R), of
Kimball, and Rep. Cushing (R), of
Ord. It would create a “Nebraska
liquor authority” to have a mono
poly on liquor sales. Rep. Porter
(D), of Albion, bobbed up with an
other bill to outlaw near beer, after
having had one such measure killed
by the house. Porter has reinforce
ment this time in the peson of Rep.
Weber (D), of Leigh.
Sen. Mattson (D), of Kearney,
introduced a proposal providing
that state liquor stores be estab
lished, with any town or village ob
taining a license for sale of liquor
in the original packages upon ap
plication of its council or officials.
A state liquor commission of three
members would be appointed by
the governor.
The most important bill to be
signed by the governor to date is
the one sponsored by the chief ex
v ecutive to ban the gold as usury in
Z noth private and public contracts,
other bills signed include the usual
appropriations measures for legis
lative expenses,. S. F. 95 by Bullard
(D), McCook, permitting writing
of surety bonds for state officers in
amounts of over $100,000 under
conditions of limited libality for
each bonding company participat
ing; H. R. 86 by Ratcliff (D), Tren
ton, clearing the way for negotia
tions with representatives of Kans- i
as and Colorado in order that plans
may proceed for Arickaree irriga
tion project in southwestern Ne
braska (H. E. 87 by same outhor,
also signed by the governor is a
companion bill to H. R. 86, and
merely opens negotiations with the
state of Kansas, whereas H. R. SG
did the same for the sate of Colo
The house has been debating, but
has taken no final action, on a pro
posal by Cone (D), of \ alley, ex
tending the mortgage moratorium
bill for two more years. There is
talk of broadening the scope of
this bill to include notes and con
tracts upon which real estate mort
gages are based.
Two new tax bills have appeared.
Cushing, who saw his income tax
bill go to the beheading block two
years ago, has introduced a similar
measure. It would tax both per
sonal income and corporation in
come, the individual schedule run
ning from 1 per cent for the first
$2,000 up to 5 per cent in incomes
over $5,000. Every single person
with an income of S500 a year or
more, and every married couple re
ceiving $1,000 and up a year, would
be required to file individual tax
returns and pay a minimum of $3.
However, there would be exemp
tions of $5 to each single person,
$10 to each married couple and $1
additional for each child. Corpora
tions would pay a flat 4 per cent
tax on all net income of more than
The new sales tax, introduced
by 15 members of the house headed
by George E. Nickles, of Murray,
provides a 2 per cent tax on all re
tail sales, and on professional ser
vices. It exempts farm machinery
sales from tax. Every business
house in the state would be re
quired to take out a $1 permit.
Proceeds above the cost of admin
istration, which is limited to 2 per
cent of collections, would go entire
ly to the local school fund.
New minor tax measures include
bills levying a tax on chain filling
stations and on natural or mixed,
gas transportation thru mains.
Rep Bock (D), of David City intro
duced a resolution memorializing
congress ^to set up a federal tax
credit corporation to make loans at
2 per cent interest to distressed
tax payers so they could pay then
local taxes.
Among the skeleton bills rushed
in as the time for introducing bills
drew to a close was one by Demo
cratic Floor Leader Haycock of the
house, appropriating $1,000,000 for
a state relief fund. This is in-!
tended as a vehicle to carry what-1
measures are required to meet the
federal demand for state partici- '■
pation in the task of giving relief. J
NERA Administrator Haynes,home ,
from Washington, where he went
accompanied by Chairman Frank
Throop of the state relief com- j
mittee, Rep. Nickles and Sen. Cal
lan, chairman of the respective leg- j
islative finance committees, said I
that federal officials are willing to
cooperate in every possible way,
but that they insist Nebraska can
raise $4,000,000 with which to
match the $17,500,000 that Wash
ington will pour into the state each
year for the biennium. Washing
ton will allow the $2,000,000 a'
year that the counties are now put
ting up for relief as part of the
$4,000,000, leaving $2,000,000 to be
Legalized betting on dog races, J
red, white and blue, school houses,
separate fishing and hunting lie- i
enses, compulsory carrying of $10,
000 accident liability by every car
owner, and barring of women from
state employment when their hus
bands make more than $1,800 a
year, are among the other meas
ures that legislators have to ponder
Holt Farmers Showing
Much Interest In 1935
Tree Planting Program
With the supply of honey locust
and soft maple Clarke-McNary
trees practically exhausted, Agri
cultural Agent Reece this week
urged Holt county farmer? 10 make I
applications for other broadlcaf and
evergreen varities.
The original supply of 15,000
honey locust and 15,000 soft maple
has gone rapidly, Earl G. Maxwell,
extension forester at the Nebraska
college of agriculture informed Mr.
Reece. Chinese elm, always pop
ular with local people, is proving
a favorite again this year, but a
supply of 275,000 is available for
spring farmstead planting.
Holt county farmers are showing
an unprecedented interest in the
1935 tree planting campaign car
ried on by the agricultural exten
sion service and have made applica
tion for 17,900 seedlings and trans
plants. Last year a total of 40,000
were distributed here.
Need for planting this spring is
imparative, Farester Maxwell says,
as cutting of timber for fuel has
been heavy this winter. In many
cases, all trees are being cut and
no plans for replacing are being
made. Maxwell believes it would
be far better to trim or thin out
heavily timbered areas and leave
young trees for future growth.
j "
S. J. Weekes Re-elected
To Board of Occidental
Building & Loan Ass'n
S. J. Weekes returned last Thurs
day night from Omaha where he
had been sitting as a member of
the credit committee of the Agri
cultural Credit corporation and also
attending a meeting of the stock
holders of the Occidental Building
& Loan Association, of Omaha, of
which Mr. Weekes has been a mem
ber of the board of directors for
the past eight months.
At the meeting of the stockhold
ers last Thursday Mr. Weekes was
re-elected to the board of directors
for a four year term, his previous
election to the board being to fill
a vacancy. The Occidental is one
of the largest building and loan
associations in the state and it is
a distinct honor that has come to
this county and to Mr. Weekes in
his selection to the directorate of
this institution for the second time.
Eighth grade examinations were
held Friday, Feb. 1, with about a
normal number taking the exam
inations. They will be held again
April 25 and 26. Both the seventh
I and eighth grades will write at
this time.
Teachers’ examinations will be
held again April 20. All applica
tions for new numbers must be
mailed to the county superintend
ent a week before the examination
date, then the numbers will be
mailed out to the conductor of the
Rural school . board directors
meeting will be held on Feb. 16.
All rural school board directors are
urged to attend. A number of im
portant measures will be discussed
at this time, including bills before
the state legislature.
Wednesday and Saturday have
been set aside as office days at the
county superintendents office. The
superintendent may be found in
the office on other days, however.
This is done for convenience of
people wishing to see the super
intendent. When not in the office
he is out in the field visiting schools.
Representative L. G. Gillespie
drove up from Lincolrt last Friday
and spent Saturday looking after
business matters in the city and.
interviewing constituents. Lloyd
says they are getting along fairly
well at Lincoln, but of course they
have not as yet had any of the
major bills before either branch of
the legislature. He looked for con
siderable activity during the com
ing week on the liquor bill and the
pari-mutuel racing bill, as com
mittee meetings and open hearings
will be held on them during the
week. Lloyd returned to Lincoln
The Busy Hour Club was held at
the home of Mrs. Ralph Ernst on
Thursday, Jan. 31. All members
were present. The following of
ficers were elected for the coming
year: Mrs. Clarence Wayman,presi
dent; Mrs. John Miller, vice presi
dent; Vera Miller, secretary; Linda
Wayman, treasurer, and Irene Her
shiser, news reporter. The mem
bers sewed quilt blocks for Mrs.
Ernst. A delicious luncheon of
sandwiches, pickles and salad was
served by the hostess. The next
meeting will be held at the home of
Mrs. Ed. Wayman, Thursday, Feb
ruary 28th.
Mary Lou Hammond, of O’Neill,
a freshman at the Wayne State
Teachers College, has been chosen
a member of the freshman com
mittee in charge of preparations
for a carnival event to be held at
the college in the near future.
Forty Applications Allowed By The
Commission Out of A List of
More Than Seventy.
A meeting of the old age pension
commission was held at the court
house Monday', Feb. 4. All mem
bers were present except D. W.
Gimmell, of Ewing.
The committee found some 70
odd applications, and after a care
ful checking about 40 of them were
allowed. The remaining applica
tions are to be giveh further con
sideration. *
A number of the applications
disclosed that the applicant, by
reason of age and other disqual
ifications, were not entitled to a
The commission fixed the month
ly pension at $2.00. This may be
increased or decreased Allowances
were made for the month of Feb
ruary, and those granted pensions
will be paid not later than the 10th
of March. It will not be neces
sary for them to call for their pen
sions as the money will be mailed
to the postoflfice address appearing
on their applications. The list of
pensions is still incomplete.
Holt County Famous
For Biggest On Earth
Another feather has been added
to those in Holt county’s “biggest
hat on earth," and this time it is
a Missoury canary—a mule—and ;
he is the property of Dr. H. L. Ben- !
nett, O’Neill veterinary who lately
moved his mammoth beast from
near the Holt-Keya Paha county
line northwest of here to a stable
near this city.
The mule, Tom, stands 17 and
one-half hands high at his withers,
or 70 inches. His weight is close
to 1,700 pounds in thin flesh and
with the proper feeding for weight
he should make one ,j»n with ease.
That may make him the largest
“animule” on earth.
The length of Tom’s ears is
around 15 inches. He is very well
built, resembling a mouse or young
jack rabbit and he is gentle, having
been worked in harness. An at
tempt at leading Tom resulted in
his rapidly backing, just like the
rest of his tribe. He occupies a
whole double stall and when he lies
down it is doubted if he can stretch
full length or width. He often
bumps his head on the haymow
flooring above him.
Tom recalls some‘other mam
moth animals and some human be
ings, the latter now with us, whose
size is extraordinary, all Holt
county products, or at least Holt
county raised.
There is the team of horses owned
by Frank Brady, of near Dorsey,
supposed to be in his ownership at
this time, Tom and Barney, both
bays, both having their left eye
out, both about 12 years old, both
weighing 3,000 pounds and both as !
gentle as June breezes.
It is a mystery how even Brady
can tell one horse from the other.
-This team has been with a circus
and there they were the stellar at
traction of the show.
Pedro, steer owned by Carl Dan
ielson, north of Spencer, while not
exactly a Holt county product, was
close enough that he got that i
mysterious something, “riso” or |
what makes ’em big, and he at
tained a weight of 3,080 pounds.
He was exhibited at O’Neill several
years ago just west of the old Ne
braska State bank building. Pedro
An epidemic of Small Pox exists ;
in the City of O’Neill, Nebraska,
which is a communicable and con- j
tagious disease. All physicians and
other persons within the city on j
discovering the existance of this i
disease are bound under the laws
of the City of O’Neill, Nebraska, j
and those of the State of Nebraska
to immediately notify the Board of
Health, or Dr. L. A. Carter, City
Any person whomsoever who vi
olates any of the Quarantine laws
of the City of O’Neill, will be sub-!
ject to penalty as provided by law.
of the City of O’Neill.
-John Kersenbrock,
t Dr. L. A. Carter,
Frank Phalin,
John Martin,
Members, Board of Health.
died some months ago just as his
fame was spreading and he was
about to make his owner some big
Lubbers, horse weighing 3,250,
said to have been owned by one of
the Mellors of the Redbird country,
was the largest horse in the world
and he, too, was with a circus
where he was the “whole show."
Lubbers died.
No harm should be done here in
mentioning that about the year
1891 a man named Storm near
Spencer, found his homestead held
a petrified snake as large or larger
than a barrel and hundred of feet
long and with the head running
straight down in the earth—and
how much neck—well, where does
a snake’s neck end, anyway? That
question almost drove scientists
nuts, or do scientists go nuts or
demented? Anyhow, this stone
snake received enormous publicity
in 1892; Storm was said to have
spent much money paying for dig
ging in effort at recovering the
snake’s head. Water, cave-ins and
so on prevented, and the hundreds
of feet of snake lying on the sur
face ^vas reported sawed, loaded on
flat cars and carted to the Chicago
world's fair of 1892.
The snake gave this part of the
world a great reputation for doing
things in a big way, or weigh, and
it appears to have lived up to the
advertising ever since.
Take John Kersenbrock, of
O’Neill, and Ira (Spot) Livingston,
of Atkinson, both butchers—may
be we had better let someone else
take ’em—but at least let us con
sider their size or strength.
Kersenbrock used to be a Bur
lington railway brakenian and his
juggling barrels of salt, switch
ing box cars and so on,on runs, now
now is legendary on the O’Neill
is legendary on the O’Neill-Sioux
City length of the “Q.”
Livingston weighed 435 pounds
two years ago when he gave a story
of Jiis life to a newspaper worker.
A friend of his reported at O’Neill
the other day that "Spot” is weigh
ing 456 pounds now.
Those are some of the biggest
things of Holt or adjoining coun
ties. Undoubtedly there are others.
They do cause one to ponder—what
is it makes ’em so big—something
in the water or food—climate?
“Towerists" should like to know
so they may come and partake of
our “climb-it.”
Will Give Cash Prizes
In State-wide Pasture
Improvement Contest
Final plans for a statewide pas
ture improvement contest in which
cash prizes will be awarded winners
were announced this week in Lin
coln by P. H. Stewart, extension
agronomist at the University of
Nebraska college of agriculture.
Holt county farmers are expected
to take an active part in the event.
Sponsored by the Nebraska Col
lege of Agriculture, the agricul
tural extension service, the Nebras
ka Crop Growers' Association and
the Omaha Chamber of Commerce,
the contest is designed to point the
way toward an» improvement of
pastures and popularize the best
management methods.
Arthur Peterson, a rperesntative
of the agricultural extension ser
vice, will spend his full time during
the coming two months discussing
pasture problems among farmers.
Locally, Agricultural Agent Reece
is now arranging for a series of
“pasture meetings” where farmers
will become acquainted with the
contest details and pasture prob
lems will be discussed.
We wish to express our sincere
gratitude and appreciation to the
many friends and neighbors for
their many acts of kindness sym
pathy and tokens of love, extended
to us during the illness and death |
of our dear mother, Mrs. Tim Mc
Carthy.—Her Children.
We sincerely wish to thank our
friends and neighbors and all those
who helped us during the#sickness
and death of our darling baby.
Your kindness will never be for
gotten.—Mr. and Mrs. James Boyle
and family.
Ray L. Verzal, of O'Neill, has
been appointed County Supervisor
on Rural Rehabilitation for Holt
county. His office will be in the
relief or agricultural agent's office.
Hospital Notes
Mrs. Robert Ferris went home
Monday, Feb. 4, feeling fine.
Jean Kranig, 12, son of Mr. and
Mrs. Henry Kranig, of Dorsey, was
operated on for Ruptured Appendix
Saturday, Feb. 2. Ht; is improving
Miss Bertha Schneider, of Page,
underwent a minor operation Mon
day, Feb. 4.
Walter Fick, of Inman, went
home Tuesday, February 5.
Depression Has Small
Effect On Marriages
Notwithstanding the depression,
the demand for marriage licenses
continues about the same year
after year. During the year 1934
there were 103 licenses issued in
the office of County Judge Malone,
compared, to 111 for the year 1933.
For several years the number of
applications have been just a little
over 100 each year. As the pop
ulation has been about the same for
a number of years the law of av
erages keeps the number about the
same each year.
Inman Dentist Is
Declared Insane
Dr. Wiliam C. Flora, dentist of
Inman, was before the insanity
commission last Monday morning,
adjudged insane and was taken
that afternoon by Deputy Sheriff
Bergstrom to the insane asylum at
Norfolk. Dr. Flora is about 60
years of age. He has been a resid
ent of this county for a good many
years at one time practicing his
profession at Ewing, later at Cham
bers and then at Inman. He had
not been actively engaged in his
profession for the past two years.
Most of 2nd Corn-Hog
Payment Checks Here
Checks totaling Sl9,253.26 on
regular payment contracts have
been received in Holt county with
in the last few days, and all the
checks are expected to arrive with
in a short time. This is the second
payment to cooperators. Individ
ual notice will be sent to each per
son as soon as their check arrives.
Contract writers will be present
at the following places for the
week beginning Feb. 11:
Paddock, Feb. 11 at the Paddock
town hall.
Shields, Feb. 11, at the Shields
town hall.
Chambers, Conley and Shamrock,
Feb. 11 at the Chambers town hall.
Grattan, Feb. 12 at O’Neill.
Lake, McClure, Feb. 12, at the
Martha school.
Ewing, Golden, Feb. 13, at the
Ewing town hall.
Deloit, Feb. 13, at St. John’s hall.
Verdigris, Feb. 14, at Odd Fel
lows hall, Page.
Inman, Feb. 14, upstairs I. O. O.
F. hall, Inman.
Scott, Feb. 16, at Scott town hall.
Steel Creek, Feb. 16, at Dorsey
Iowa, Antelope, Feb. 16, at Dis
trict 128.
W'illowdale, Feb. 10, District 96.
On February 19 and 20 the
American Legion will present the
O’Neill Dramatic Club in a three
act mystery comedy, “Who Scared”
produced by special arrangement
with the Dramatic Publishing
Company of Chicago, under the
direction of Mrs. F. J. Kubitschek.
Included in the cast of players are
the following: Fritz McReynolds,
Barney Walsh, Jimmy Tuor, Har
lan Agnes, Ruth Oppen, Loretta
Phalin, Bill Beha, Helen Givens,
Grace Connolly, Jerry Phalin and
Geraldine Cronin.
M. C. Hull, who lives down on
the Niobrara river, four miles east
of the power plant, was in the city
last Saturday and favored this
office with a pleasant call. Last
fall Mr. Hull fixed up an irrigation
plant on his place, by carrying
spring water down thru a garden.
While he did not get the plant com
pleted in time to be of much bene
fit during the last growing season
he says that he now has it arranged
so that he can thoroughly irrigate
six acres and he plans on having
one of the finest gardens in the
county during the coming season.
Shobert Edwards spent Saturday
and Sunday home with the folks.
He is at the Ponca CCC camp.
Farmers Finding Signing I p For
1935 Program JIuch Simpler
Than Previous Year.
The corn-hog section met one of
the first problems of the 1935 corn
hog producer when they issued rul
ing 134 removing restrictions re
garding the purchase of feeder
pigs. The previous provision of the
1935 corn-hog contract and rulings
seemed to work a hardship upon
both sellers and buyers of feeder
pigs in the drouth territory.
The new ruling says that a con
tract signer in 1935 can buy as
many feeder, stocker, or breeding
hogs as he wants to buy from any
one, and the only requirement
is that he make a definite record
of the purchase and mark the pigs
in some fcay so that he can prove
compliance with his contract re
garding the number he farrows
himself. If this record is not ac
curately kept, the pigs he buys
will be considered as if they sure
farrowed on the farm.
Convenient blanks will be made
available within the next few days
and supplied to those who handle
hogs in the county and also avail
able at the office of the county corn
hog association.
The new ruling about feeder pigs
is likely to remove a good share of
the requests for a permitted pro
duction under another ruling in the
1935 program. It will also put an
end to some of the worry which
prospective contract signers have
had about pigs they have already
bought and sold since Dec. 1, 1934.
With proctically all of the com
munity educational meetings out of
the way, county corn-hog control
associations are now turning their
attention to the signing of applica
tions with farmers. First reports
indicate that 80 to 90 per cent of
the men signing up first are those
who will continue to operate their
farms exactly as they did in 1934.
The producer who continues to
farm his land as he did last year,
and who had a contract last year,
can finish his application blank in
10 or 15 minutes when he comes
to the sign up places arranged by
the county association. Application
writers say most of the farmers
are agreeably surprised this year
to find it is no trouble at all to
make out the application.
Quite a large proportion of farm
ers who rent part or all of their
land have not yet made their final
arrangements with landlords for
1935, and are unable to make out
their applications at this time. As
sociations all over the state are
preparing to keep the application
signing open a few days after the
regularly scheduled signing days in
order to take care of the men who
have not completed their leasing
The next step in the procedure
will be the call for annual meetings
in each of the communities, and
the election of 1935 comunity com
mittees. The chairman of each
community committee is automat
ically a member of the board of
directors of the county association
and will attend a directors meeting
within a day or two after the com
munity meetings are held. The
1935 committeemen will take
charge of the program immediately
after the board of directors meet
ing. The meetings and elections
will be in the nature of annua!
meetings of an association which
is continuing to function. They
will in no sense be an organization
meeting of a new association.
O’NeiU High Loses
To Butte Gamesters
At Butte last Friday evening-the
public school basketball teams of
that city and O’Neill played and.
the score was 31 to 30 in favor of
the Boyd county aggregation. Sec
ond teams of the two town’s schools
tangled and O’Neill came out the
victor, 19 to 11.
The voters of Norfolk voted
down a bond proposition at a spec
ial election in that city last Tues
day. The proposition was a bond
issue for $17,000 for a proposed
swimming pool and park projects.
If the issue carried they intended
to use the money to purchase mat
erials, which were to be matched
with about $30,000 for labor by the
FERA. The vote was 1,066 to 972.