The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, January 31, 1935, Image 1

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Goal Set For Having Contracts
Ready For Signing By The
Latter Part of April.
All corn-hog producers in Ne
braska who are interested in the
1935 program will be asked to sign
an application blank as the first
step in the 1935 sign-up. This ap
plication blank will entitle the sign
ers to vote at the annual meeting
of the association where 1935 com
munity committeemen and the
board of directors of the county
corn-hog control association are
elected. Landlords who wish to
vote at these meetings may do so
by signing the application with the
The annual meetings and elec
tions will be held soon after the
application signing days are com
pleted. The next step will be to
apraise the corn land and to list
the figures on listing sheets and
summarize them for the county.
When the summary for the county
has been approved by the state
board of review, clerks in the office
will finish the figures for the con
tract and type the contracts. Farm
ers will then be asked to come to
contract signing days to look over
their figures and sign the contracts
if they are satisfactory. Nothing
is binding in the agreement until
the farmer signs the contract and
it is accepted by the Secretary of
Agriculture in Washington.
Just how soon this work can be
done and the contracts signed can
not be determined at this time, but
practically every association in the
state expects to have the contracts
ready for signature by corn plant
ing time. The general goal set up
over the state has been to get the
application signing days over by
the middle of February, the elec
tions and appraising schools over
by the first of March, most of the
appraising done during the month
of March, and the figures approved
and contracts prepared during the
early part of April so that con
tract signing days can be held the
latter part of April or the first of
May. 4
Contract signers will be encour
aged to think the 1934 benefit pay
ments as part of their crop returns
for 1935 and not expect them dur
ing the spring months. Experience
in 1934 shows that the handling of
contracts and compliance papers
from over a million contracts is
more of a job than anticipated
early in 1934.
Meetings where application may
be signed will be held as follows:
Swan and Josie preceints at Dist.
238, Thursday, Feb. 7.
Wyoming and Fairvie\\ precincts
at Amelia Town Hall, Thursday,
Feb. 7.
Emmet and Pleasantview at O’
Connor Hall, Friday, Feb. 8.
Saratoga and Coleman at Phoe
nix School Dist. 51, Saturday
Feb. 9.
Rock Falls at Voting Place, Sat
urday, Feb. 9.
Contract writers will be present
from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. It will save
time and expense if those intend
ing to sign will come prepared to
fill out their application at one of
these meetings.
Producers Must Plant
25 Percent of Corn Base
Corn-hog allotment committee
men will have the power in 1935 to
turn down a contract of a producer
who in actual fact has retired and
who is trying to draw benefit pay
ments. The ruling says that un
less the producer has a good reason
^ and is excused by the allotment
committee, he must have planted
25 per cent of his corn base and
farrowed 25 per cent of his hog
base in order to fulfill his contract
in 1935, the signer must either be
excused by his allotment committee
or must plant 25 per cent of his
corn base and farrow 25 per cent
of his hog base in 1935.
j In recent district conferences al
lotment committees were inclined
to believe that the lack of food and
lack of breeding stock in the drouth
areas would be sufficient reason for
failure to farrow pigs in 1935. They
thot they would use the ruling only
when it was evident that a man
was trying to pose as a producer
only to get the benefit payment.
Any farmer who is doing the best
he could to make a living or the
farm, but who happened to fail to
produce up to his minimum will
probably be excused in :he drourh
territory by the allotment commit
tee. Some misunderstanding of
this ruling has already been no
ticed over the state. Farmers who
have sold all of their hogs have
been worrying about the ruling
which they thot was a strict re
quirement that they produce 25
per cent of their base in order to
get their 1935 payment. So far as
the state corn-hog administration
is concerned, it will recommend
that allotment committeemen ad
minister this ruling according to
their common sense and good judg
ment. , „ t
Civil Service Commission
Issues Warning Against
Misleading Information
The United States Civil Service
Commission says that numerous
letters received at its office from
different parts of the country in
dicate that misleading information
is being given to the public by
agents of some of the correspond
ence schools which give instruction
in preparation for civil-service ex
To guard aganst the loss of mon
ey paid for tuition of this kind the
Civil Service Commission informs
the public as follows:
No one can promise appoint
ments to positions for which the
United States Civil Service Com
mission holds examinations. The
claim that such assurance can be
given brands the person making it
as a fraud.
Information regarding examina
tions for the United States Civil
Service may be obtained from the
boards of United States Civil Ser
vice Examiners. There is such a
board in each community which has
a post office of the first or second
class. In nearly all cities the civil
service board is located at the post
Before paying money for tuition,
or signing a contract, it is advis
able to make inquiry concerning
the prospect of examinations.
There is reason to believe that
agents of some schools deceive the
public as to the probability of
early examinations.
No school has advance informa
tion regarding the need for em
ployees or the probability of ex
Shaver Leaves Grocery
Store To His Creditors
Guy E. Shaver, who came here
from Winner, S. D., about a year
and a half ago and purchased the
grocery store operated here by D.
Abdousch, which he had operated
since that time, made an assign
ment to Sheriff Duffy last Monday
for the benefit of creditors, He
did not file a list of creditors or an i
inventory of stock on hand, so it is |
not known what the indebtedness |
on the stock of goods is.
Shaver and his family left town
Monday and we understand that
he has gone to Iowa where he has
accepted a position with a radio
firm that is operating stores as a
side issue.
Bulletin Service On
Feed Is Avaliable
In an effort to help farmers get
information regarding the location
of surplus feed within Nebraska
and buyers for such feed, the agri
cultural drcuth relief service at
Lincoln is putting out weekly bul
letins regarding the feed situation,
Agricultural Agent Reece has been
Altlio there has been consider
able roughage shipped into many
drouth areas from surplus sections,
W. W. Derrick, assistant state
drouth relief director, says there
is still a large amount of Nebraska
grown feeds available for stock
men. Earlier in the winter, there
was quite a movement of livestock
from deficit feed areas to localities
of abundant feed but this has de
creased in recent weeks.
Holt county farmers can get
copies of the feed bulletin by writ
ing W. W. Derrick, College of Ag
riculture, Lincoln.
Adel Calvin, who has been a clerk
in the office of the federal re-em
ployment service here for the past
eight months, returned to her home
at Wahoo last Sunday night. The
government is cutting down its
force of employees in the federal
offices here.
By James R. Lowell
Among the recent actions of the |
Nebraska legislature are indica-]
tions that it will fall in line with
President Roosevelt’s proposed so-1
cial security measures which mark
an important step in our emerg
ence from the age of mechancial
science into a new era of social
science. At the same time work
projects are being lined up so that
this state will be ready to go when
the new federal relief setup goes
into operation. ,
Rep. Schroeder (D), of Bloom
field, introduced the first measure
calculated to develop a social secur
ity; program in Nebraska. His
bills call for overhauling the pre
sent old age pension law, and for
a state-wide system of compulsory
health insurance.
The old age pension system
would be financed by equal contri
butions of one per cent from the
employe, the employer and the
state, and pensions would be ap
proximately $30 per month. In
cidentally, Nebraska counties prob
ably will be able to obtain consid
erable aid in meeting the cost of
caring for unemployable relief
clients, as ordered recently by
FERA Administrator Harry Hop
kins, if a satisfactory old age pen
sion bill is passed. This would
allow' the counties to match dol
lars with the federal government
in caring for persons over 65 years
of age.
Schoreder s health insurance bill
provides for a 3 per cent contribu
tion by employes, a one and one
half per cent contribution by em
ployers and a one-half per cent
contribution by the state to give
sick or injured employes half pay
difring disability. Payments would
be limited to $15 a week and only
employes receiving less than $250
a month would be included under
the bill. A maternity benefit is
included, for women employes, w'hile
in addition, both women and men
employes would receive a cash
benefit of $15 for each child.
Medical and hospital benefits
would be made available to mothers
coming under the bill’s provisions,
and to all employes coming under
its provisions, and, to a limited ex
tent, to their dependents. Schore
der declares, however, that this
measure does not in any respect
set up a system of state medicine.
A two per cent sales tax is pro
posed in a bill introduced by Sen
O’Brien (D) of Grand Island, to
provide funds for old. age pensions.
Single persons over 60 would re
ceive $40 a month and married
couples over that age would receive
$60, providing they were without
other adequate means of support.
Married couples having an annual
income of $500 or more, and single
persons with an income of $250
and up would be ineligible to re
ceive the benefits provided by the
bill, as would prison and insane
asylum inmates and anyone pos
sessing a homestead worth $3,000
or more. The office of old age pen
sion commissioner would be created
the incumbent to receive $3,000 a
year. O’Brien estimates the two
per cent sales tax would raise close
to $7,000,000 a year for old, age
A bill to unify the’administration
of relief in the state has been in
troduced by a mixed group of dem
ocratic and republican represent
atives including Hyde of Gothen
burg, Schroeder of Bloomfield and
Canfield of Tekamah, democrats,
and Hastings of Osceola and Adams
of Omaha, republicans. The measure
is intended to effect economies in
relief administration by centraliz
ing into one department the duties
now performed by the state FERA,
the state bureau of labor, of health
and a new social service bureau.
In charge of the department would
be a noti-salaried state board of
public welfare of five members. A
full-time commissioner of public
welfare would be in charge, his
salary to be fixed by the board,
and a commissioner in charge of
each, the labor, health and social
service bureaus.
State Labor Commissioner Mat
thews declares that labor interests,
both organized and unorganized,
will oppose hooking up the labor
department with health and social
service, but social welfare leaders
of the state say such a combina
tion must be made if the state is
to keep pace with the growing
(Continued on page 4, column 1.) -
Hospital Notes
Walter Kick, of Inman, came in I
Sunday evening and was operated
on Monday for Hernia.
Mrs. Leo Hanna, of Chambers,
underwent a minor operation Mon
day morning. She went home Wed
nesday morning.
Mrs. Robert Ferris, of Middle
Branch was brot in Tuesday night)
in a critical condition. She gave j
birth to a son, still born, Wednes-1
day morning at 10 a. m.
Scientist, Formerly Of
This County, Studying
Water Plants As Feed
J. G. Kennedy, one of the pi
oneer settlers of Verdigris precinct,
was an O’Neill visitor last Satur
day and favored this office with a
pleasant call. Mr. Kennedy was
discussing the recent article of
Prof. Ross Aiken Gortner, of the
University of Minnesota, who is
classed as one of the five greatest
living scientists, published in a re
cent issue of Science.
Mr. Kennedy was especially in
terested in the article because Prof.
Gortner is a native of this county,
having been born in Verdigris pre
cinct in 1885, the son of one of
Holt county’s old time ministers,
and Mr. Kennedy knew him well as
a boy and has continued acquaint
anceship thru the years.
Prof. Gortner is now president of
the scientific society of the United
States and is a member of a com
mittee of three from the leading
universities of the country to ap
pear before congress and ask that
there be more chemistry and sci
ence taught in the higher grades
of the schools of the country.
Prof. Gortner’s article in Science
discusses the shortage of food for
cattle in drouth states, and says:
“The shortage of forage for cat
tle in drouth areas of the United
States, led me to investigate the
nutritive qualities of the weeds on
lake bottoms in Minnesota and I
found that these water plants would
not only be suitable substitutes
for fodder, but were, in most cases,
more nourishing than land plants.
In studying 28 varities of water
plants I learned that the common
yellow pond lilly, that children col
lect from row boats on picnics,
contains more than 17 per cent of
proteins and only 13.75 per cent of
crude fiber, while corn fodder con
tains only half as much of the
nutrient proteins and more than
twice as much of the undigestible
Small Boy Dies
Of Pneumonia
Larry Loren Lanphear, youngest:
son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Lan-1
phear, of O’Neill, died at his home j
at 4:30 o’clock Saturday morning, j
January 26. He was sick about a
week with pneumonia and intest-1
inal flu. He was born July 22, |
1932, and was two years, six j
months and four days old at the
time of his death.
He leaves to mourn, his lather
and mother, four sisters and four
brothers. The sisters are: Mrs.
George Zink, of O'Neill; Vera E.
Lanphear, of Hartington, Nebr.,
and Viola and Irene, at home. The
brothers are: Lloyd, Charley, Al
bert and Wayne, also at home. He
also had one sister, Myrtie, who
died 12 years ago.
Funeral services were conducted
by Rev. A. J. May at the home at
10 o’clock Sunday morning, and
burial in Prospect Hill cemetery.
Corn-Hog Meetings
Are Wei! Attended
Over 650 farmers in Holt county
attended the meetings held last
week discussing the details of the
1935 corn-hog contract. Many of
those present at the meeting were
people who did not sign last year
but are interested in the new pro
gram. The new program is more
attractive to landlords as well as
tenants or owners. Since there are
to be no contracted acres the land
taken out of corn production may
be put into any other crop and
there are no restrictions on the dis
posal of these “other” crops with i
the only exception in this county
being, the case where a producer
already has a wheat contract. The
new contract gives the new produc
er an opportunity that was not
present in the old program.
Joe Hughes, of Battle Creek, was
an O’Neill visitor Thursday.
By Representative Karl Stefan
of Nebraska
In his budget message to the
Congress on January 7, 1935, the
President, among other things,
said: “I recommend that $4,000,
000,000.beappropriated by the Con
gress in one sum, subject to alloca
tion by the executive, principally
for giving work to those unem
ployed on the relief rolls.”
On January, 21, 1935, House
Joint Resolution 117 was introduced
by Congressman Buchanan of Tex
as, Chairman of the House Com
mittee on Appropriations. The
joint resolution was referred to as
one making appropriations for re
lief purposes, and contained in it
the provision that if and when en
acted, it may be cited as the “Em
ergency Relief Appropriation Act
of 1935.” This House joint resolu
tion is the measure which during
the last few days has claimed the
attention of the country by reason
of the fact that it undertakes to
appropriate four billions of dol
lars in one sum for emergency re
lief purposes. The measure has
been and is important, not only be
cause of the magnitude of the ap
propriation that it carries, but be
cause it has again projected into
the scene the much mooted ques
tion of the delegation of legislative
power—in other words, the collec
tive powers of Congress—to the
Chief Executive.
The resolution in its original
form provides that the sum of $4,
000,000,000 shall become immedi
ately available and shall remain
available until June 30, 1937. In
addition to the direct appropria
tion of the principal sum, the res
olution make available from un
obligated balances of previous ap
propriations and funds, a total of
$880,OOf ,000. Therefore, for all
practical purposes this measure
when presented to the House, was
a measure authorizing the expendi
ture of $4,880,000,000.
The preamble of the resolution
stated that the purpose of the ap
propriation was in order to pro
tect and promote the general wel
fare, to (1) provide relief from the
hardships attributed to widespread
unemployment and conditions re
sulting therefrom; (2) to relieve
economic maladjustments; (3) to
alleviate distress; and-or (4) to im
prove living and working condi
tions. The state of policy went on
further to say that the money ap
propriated was to be used in the
discretion and under the direction
of the President in such manner
and for such purposes, and-or such
projects, including but not limited
to slum clearance, rural housing,
rural electrification, reforestation,
soil erosion, land reclamation, im
provement of existing road sys
tems and construction of national
highways; grade crossing elimina
tion; Civilian Conservation Corps
work, and other useful Federal or
non-Federal Work. Further than
indicated by these notations, no
specific program of projects to
which funds may be allotted is es
tablished, at least by the action of
the Congress, and no definite
amounts out of the $4,880,000,000
are set aside for any specific pur
A subcommittee ot the Appro
priations Committee of the House,
in charge of deficiency appropria
tions, conducted a hearing on this
measure on Monday, Jan. 21, and
three witnesses appeared before
this subcommittee. They were the
Secretary of the Treasury, the Act
ing Director of the Bureau of the
Budget, and the Director of the
Procurement Division of the Treas
ury Department. The entire hear
ing has been reproduced in approx
imately 45 pages of printing on
ordinary book-size paper.
Under date of Wednesday, Jan.
23, the resolution was reported to
the House by the Committee on
Appropriations, and in its report
the Committee said: “The purpose
of the joint resolution is to give
effect to the recommendation of the
President of the United States,
with respect to providing work re
lief for the unemployed as a sub
stitute for the dole plan.”
Prior to the time that the meas
ure could then be taken up for con
sideration on the floor of the
House, a rule had to be obtained
which would establish the parla
mentary limitations under which
the consideration of the measure
would proceed. Let it be said here
that a rule is a resolution proposed
by the House Committee on Rules
which fixes and limits the time
during which general debate on
the measure will proceed; which
provides for the division of time
on the two sides of the House and
which either makes all amendments
from the oor out of order or spe
cifically provide that certain amend
ments or all amendments will be in
order, as the case may be. Such a
rule is the tool, and the House
committee on rules is the creator
of 4-he tool, which fashions the
groove through which legislation
must pass.
The proposed rule which the
Committee on Rules submitted to
the House on the 22nd of January,
provided that general debate on the
resolution should continue not to
(Continued on page 5, column 3.)
Crumley Grey Hounds
Make Good Catch Of
Coyotes This Season
A. T. Crumley, living about ten
miles northeast of this city, was
in the city last Saturday. Mr.
Crumley had with him a photo
graph of 17 coyote pelts that had
been captured in the eastern part
of the county after the snow fall
the forepart of the month.
His son, Lindley Crumley, has
three grey hounds and for the past
six or seven years they have been
hunting coyotes in various parts
of the county and have been meet
ing with marked success in captur
ing them. They have managed to
run down and capture about 25 a
year, but this season promises to
eclipse all others in the number of
of coyotes taken. Besides the 17
taken in the second week in Jan
uary, they have captured seven
since, making 24 since the first of
the year.
Besides a lot of sport in the
chase and capture the financial re
turns this season have been very
good. They received $fiO for the
pelts of the first 17 captured, or
nearly $4.00 a piece.
About a week ago their dogs got
one large coyote that came up into
the yard at the Crumley home to
raid the chicken coop.
Dr. H. L. Bennett of this city ac
companies Mr. Crumley on many
of his coyote trips. Doc accom
panies them because he likes the
sport and he sometimes has oc
casion to treat the hounds after
they have had a tough battle with
a hungry and powerful coyote. Mr.
Crumley says that the dogs seldom
have to chase a coyote a mile be
fore they catch it.
Atkinson Business Man
Dies Monday Morning
Thomas Campbell, 52, lumber
man and well known resident of
Atkinson, dropped dead in that city
last Monday morning, a few mom
ents after he had walked aeross
the street from the lumber yard to
the shop of his brother, George,
who operates a tire shop there.
Thomas was the son of Mr. and
Mrs. Moses Campbell and was a
resident of this city when he was
a little shaver, the family moving
from O’Neill to Atkinson some
thing like 35 or 40 years ago, where
they had since resided. For many
years Tom was a traveling sales
man, returning to Atkinson and
taking over the management of the
lumber yard shortly before the
death of his father several years
ago. Tom was a very popular
young man and had many friends
in this city and county who will
regret to learn of his sudden death.
The funeral was held last Wed
nesday morning from the house
and interment in the Catholic cem
etery. A large delegation of
O’Neill friends went to Atkinson
to attend the funeral.
Holt county farmers are wonder
ing when they are to get the second
installment of their corn-hog mon
ey for 1934. This payment was
supposed to arrive on or about No
vember IB, but it is now about the
first of February and it has not
arrived yet. No election for a
couple of years, so what’s the use
to hurry.
We sincerely wish to thank all
those who assisted us during the
death and burial of our dear hus
band, father and brother.—Mrs. L.
D. Calkins and daughter, Joan;
Mrs. Dave Robare; Mrs. James
Harkins; Walter Calkins; Chester
Calkins and Fred Calkins.
Mrs. Catherine McCarthy Dies At
Her Home After An Illness
Of Several Months.
Mrs. Catherine McCarthy died at
her home southwest of this city
last Monday evening, after an ill
ness of several months, at the age
of 68 years, 3 months and 13 days.
Catherine Sullivan was born in
County Cork, Ireland, on October
15, 1866, where she lived for sev
eral years. When she was a young
girl she came to the United States
and. located at Butte, Mont., where
she met and was united in mar
riage to Timothy McCarthy in June,
1877. Shortly after their marriage
she came with her husband to this
county and settled on the home
stead that he had taken a few years
pi'eviously on Dry Creek, about
eight miles southwest of this city,
and she had been a resident of the
county ever since.
To her union with Mr. McCarthy
nine children were born, tw'o sons
and seven daughters, six of whom
survive and are left to mourn the
death of a kind, considerate and
affectionate mother. The children
are: Dennis A. and Miss Margaret,
at home; Sister Marie Helen, An
aconda, Mont.; Mrs. Mary Dancey,
Highmore, S. D.; Mother M. Im
maculota, Buffalo, N. Y., and Sister
M. Patrice, Harve, Mont., all of
whom were present at the funeral
except Mother M. Immaculota and
Sister M. Patrice, who were unable
to attend.
Mrs. McCarthy was one of the
real pioneers of this section of the
state and endured all the hardships
and privations of the early day
settlers. She was a splendid wife
and mother. She was hospitable,
kind and charitable and willing to
endure all the hardships of the
early days in order that her loved
ones might be well and happy.
The funeral was held at 9:30
Thursday morning from the Cath
olic church, Monsignor McNamara
officiating, and burial in Calvary
cemetery at the side of her hus
band who passed away in August
of last. year. Considering the foggy
morning the funeral was largely
attended, testifying to the high
esteem in which the deceased was
held by the people of this section.
Two Killed, One Dying
Result of Auto Crash
H. W. Tomlinson received word
this morning that his niece, Miss
Eva Jackson, 21, was instantly
killed at 1 o’clock Thursday morn
ing, when the car in which she was
riding ran into a culvert. Miss
Jackson was an employee of the
telephone company at Winner and
at the time of the accident was re
turning from a dance at Gregory.
One of her companions was also
killed and another one is dying.
Miss Jackson is the daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Robin Jackson, for
many years residents of this county,
living near Red Bird, but left
here about 12 years ago and now
live at Verdel.
Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Tomlinson
and Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Tomlinson
will leave this afternoon for Ver
del and will remain until after the
St. Mary's Loses To
Spalding Academy
St. Mary’s basketball team went
to Spalding last Sunday and met
defeat at the hands of the Acad
emy team there, with a score of
23 to 18. This is the first time the
Spalding crew has ever been able
to win a game from the St. Mary's
O’Neill relatives received word
Tuesday that Donald Coyne, sou of
Mr. and Mrs. William Coyne, of
Spalding, died at the home of his
parents there that morning, after
an illness of about one week of
pneumonia. Mr. Coyne was 24
years of age and was born at
Ewing, where his parents lived for
a number of years, pricr to their
removal to Spaulding. For the
past year Donald had been manag
ing a general mercantile store at
Primrose, owned by his father.
The funeral will be held Friday
morning at Spaulding and burial
Pete Todsen was transacting
business in Norfolk last Monday.