Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 15, 1928)
OF INTEREST TO FARMERS
During the late summer pastures
In moat sections are short because
of dry weather and because they
are grazed too closely. If there Is
any grass, it is not succulent and
Is unplatable. Consequently, cows
will not consume enough for high
Experienced dairymen know that
tf the production of their cows has
decreased during the hot, dry
weather because of insufficient feed,
it is difficult and practically im
possible to bring the production
back to normal during that milking
The summer silo is probably the
best means of supplementing short,
driedup pastures. For a herd of 12
to 20 cows, a silo from 10 to 12 feet
In diameter is best suited because
the silage can then be fed out fast
enough to prevent spoiling. If,
however, all the silage is not fed
during the summer it can be fed the
following winter or the next summer.
Bilage will keep for several years.
Dairymen frequently fill two silos,
one for winter feeding and one for
Where it is not feasible to erect a
silo for summer feed the short
pasture may be supplemented by
certain pasture crops instead of
summer silage. In many sections
sweet clover has proved very satis
factory for this purpose. It does
well at this season and has the
advantage of being a legume and
consequently contains a large
amount of protein. Alfalfa can also
be pastured at this time and will
assist materially in preventing the
midsummer drop in milk flow.
In addition to good pasture high
producing cows need to be fed
grain to supply the required nutri
ents. Cows producing more than
20 pounds of milk daily should be
given one pound of grain to each
four to six pounds of milk pro
duced. The gram feed may be a
mixture of com, oats, wheat bran,
or barley, and should always be
ground. For cows producing more
than 35 pounds of milk daily the
grain mixture should contain one
high protein concentrate of some
TESTING INCREASES PROFITS
Farmers who have had their herds
tested for three or more years in a
dairy herd improvement association
realized $25.56 more above feed cost
from each of their cows last year
than farmers with only a one-year
check on the efficiency of their ani
mals. Even farmers whose herds
had been tested for only two years
In a dairy herd improvement asso
ciation realized $10.61 more above
feed cost on each of their cows than
those farmers whose herds had been
tested for milk and butter fat pro
duction for only one year.
Clows in those herds that had been
tested for milk and butter fat yield
for three vears or more each aver
aged 33 pounds more fat for the
year than cows in herds tested for
only one year. Cows tested for two
years averaged 19 pounds more
butter fat for the year than those
on which records had been kept
wily for one year.
A dairyman who says. "I have
nothing but grades so it won’t pay
me to join an association.’ or
"My herd Is not good enough,” or
•Isn’t large enough,” either is mak
ing excuses or does not realize the
benefits of and the need for a
regular check on hss cows. Dairymen
who have large or small herds, have
tested for one or five years, and
have pure-bred, grade or mixed
herds get very decided benefits
from their membership and many
would not think of dairying withou.
the information furnished by the
VALUE OF SOY BEANS
Soybeans provide an excellent
protein supplement for use in the
grain ration for dairy cattle. Nu
merous experiments conducted by
some of the leading experiment sta
tions in the United States have
proved ground soybeans to be equal
to linseed meal as a protein supple
ment in the dairy ration. High pro
tein feeds are relatively high in
price and if dairymen would grow
more soybeans they would become
more independent of purchased pro
tein feeds and insure a greater dairy
In the feeding trials conducted
comparing ground soybeans with
linseed meal, soybeans proved to be
equal to the latter as a protein sup
plement for dairy cattle when fed
In the grain ration of corn and oats.
In experiments conducted com
paring soybean hay with alfalfa
hay, soybean hay was found to be
practically equal to alfalfa hay
when fed to dairy cattle.
In trials conducted comparing
ground soybeans with linseed meal
as a protein supplement for the
dairy ration, the ground soybeans
proved to be worth one third more
than the linseed meal as a supple
ment to a grain ration of corn and
As a roughage for general herd
feeding, good quality soybean hay
has proved to be just as good as al
falfa hay on many farms and in
some cases superior.
BOTH BRAINS AND BRAWN
Many different elements enter
Into the business of farming—more
than most of us realize. Take two
men with farms equal in size and
fertility, equal with respect to the lay
of the land and all other factors
that have a bearing upon returns,
and a person often finds that one
will make an outstanding sucoess
from the start while the other may
ultimately fail. Some men are ef
ficient in one or more lines while
others seem to be efficient in most
lines. Some appear to be natural
bom dairymen and poor beef and
hog producers, while others are ef
ficient hog men and a failure in the
production of beef and dairy pro
ducts. Again, some men are out
standing soil builders and grain pro
ducers, but relatively inefficient in
the handling of livestock. On the
AND ADVERTISING HELPS
The farmer who produces farm
products of high quality is entitled
to the premium which such products
properly command. In the past, this
premium has not always been paid
to the grower. Growers are securing
this premium in some sections. It
is noteworthy that they are getting
ft only when they make an insist
ent and organized demand for it.
Co-operative organizations are a
means for securing this premium.
DO YOU THINK SO?
Farm folks may well quote the
man who prayed: "Lord, deliver me
from my friends; I can take care
of nay enemies myself.”
other hand that are also farmers in
every community who seem to be
able to make a success of all kinds
of farm enterprises; at any rate
they succeed in what ever they
The last mentioned group of
farmers are invariably good business
rnen. They think as well as work.
They form a sort of partnership be
tween head and hand that often
brings surprising results.
BOOST THE SOT BEAN
A man with 10 cows and a few
head of young stock can use five to
seven acres of soy beans to good ad
vantage and the reduction of the oat
acreage will aid that much in hold
ing down the surplus of that crop.
Men who feed two carloads of beef
cattle a year can utilize from 10 to
12 acres of sovs for that purpose
to excellent advantage. Soy beans
can also be used in a mixture with
tankage and other products for hogs.
Similarly, the feeder of sheep and
lambs can use a certain amount of
this crop. The more of the protein
needed for properly balancing the
feed for our livestock we can grow
on our own farms, especially when
this can be done by growing some
thing in place of crops of which we
already have a surplus, the better
off we shall be. It means utilizing
the land to the best advantage and
the reduction of unnecessary sur
There was a time when the aver
age farmer paid far more attention
to the buildings in which his stock
was sheltered than to the home in
which his family lived, but those
days b&ve passed.
Good roads and automobiles have
brought the farmer’s neighbors
nearer. Visitors to the farm house
are more frequent. As a result, the
farmers all over the country are tak
ing greater interest and pride in the
appearance and livability of their
Many farmers have discovered
that by insulating the walls and roof
of the farm house they can not only
save about one-third of their win
ter's coal bill, but they can main
tain their families in better health,
cutting down doctor’s bills for win
ter colds and bronchitis.
PENNING THE BULL
If every bull was considered dan
gerous there would be fewer ac
counts of farmers being killed by
their bull. The gentle bull is quite
often the one that gets his man. A
right good ugly bull means one of
two things, that he will be sold to
the butcher or placed where he can
be handled with safety. Too often
the former course is pursued and a
valuable bull is lost. A proper place
to keep and handle the herd sire is
as important as a pump in the well
or any of the other things that we
see so commonly on the farm. Not
only is (his so from the safety
standpoint but for the general good
and successful management of a
herd. A good herd uire should never
be sacrificed because he is ugly.
Build a bull pen.
BETTER SOT BEAN HAY
A thing that is of vastly greater
importance than the extra yield of
legume hay from use of lime is the
better quality of hay that can be se
cured by liming.
Take sov beans, for instance.
While it is possible to boost the
yield of hay as much as a ton per
acre by liming, a more significant
fact is this—the ha.v from the limed
area contains perhaps 120 pounds
more protein per ton. That is to
say, a difference of $6 per ton in
feeding value on the basis of pro
A great crop for the livestock
farmer, so.v beans are For heay soy
beans should be cut when the beans
are about half grown in the pods.
ALWAYS KEEP RECORDS
In farm accounts kept in connec
tion with the farm management ex
tension work of a western agricul
tural college, it was found that of
158 farmers who had dairy cows,
those who had 13 or more, had more
than double the net income that was
received by those having four or a
smaller number of cows. The net
farm income for the group having
the smaller number of cows was $1,
448 as compared with $3,422 for
those farms having 13 or more cows.
Two things helped the latter group
make more money. These were a
larger business and better cows. The
cows in the first group made on an
average return of $52.27 while
those in the group having the larger
number of cows returned $76.32.
A SPRAYING AILMENT
If your eyes smart annoyingly
when you retire at night after a day
of spraying, a good way to relieve
this trouble is as follows: Turn the
face downward and rub the eyes
with a dry handkerchief so as to
cause tears to flow plentifully. This
may make the smarting more severe
at first so that you will be tempted
to give up the treatment. If. however,
you stick to it till you can get no
more tears, relief will come.
PROPER TIME TO CULL
The best time to cull is just when
the hens quit laying. One should
go through the flocks once each
month until the flock is reduced to
the right size. Ordinarily, all hens
will pay for their feed during the
spring months, and after November
1 it is difficult to identify other than
the super-superior birds. The later
the culling is done, the greater will
be the number discarded. If. how
ever. the culls are taken out each
month, the feed cost is cut down
that much sooner.
DID YOU KNOW THIS?
Idle horses need more than straw
to line their stomachs in winter.
The straw-fed horse sacrifices his
bone stmcture for maintenance
needs, and is likely to become
WATCH THE PIGS
Prevention by raising them in
clean places and looking them over
for any signs of bowel trouble be
fore vaccinating seem to be the only
way to reduce these losses, accord
ing to the best judgment and ex
perience of producers end the vet
ADVICE WORTH HEEDING
It is what makes a horse laugh,
a cow give milk, and it always puts
the second curl in a pig’s tail. For
the land's sake, for your own good,
and for the good of your animals
stow some alfalfa.
Some Revised Opinion
About the Red-Haired
Scientists have discovered all kinds
of odd facts about humanity.
For instance, an expert recently
stated that he had never seen a bald
Now comes the even more peculiar
disclosure 'that red headed girls may
be bow-legged, but brunettes are, as a
rule, knock-kneed. These facts are
based on data supplied by a certain
artists’ club which has been collect
ing statistics respecting Its models.
Another Interesting point is that
red-haired women suffer less from se
rious diseases than their darker sis
ters. This Is due to the fact that their
skin throws off poison more rapidly
than a dark person’s.
Also, red hair, which n generation
ago was jeered at, nowadays Is ad
mired, ns It should be. The red
haired girl has proved that she Is uot
hot-tempered, but, as a role, much bet
ter balanced mentally than a brunette.
City Get* Unique Table.
Edinburgh, Scotland, has been pre
sented a table composed of the differ
ent kinds of wood grown In Australia.
It was the gift of the delegation of
Scotchmen who recently traveled from
Australia to visit their old country.
The principal panels of the top of the
table are finely grained, and show an
interesting variety of colorings and
markings. The design, with the square
legs strengthened by crosspieces, Is In
dividual. The gift has been placed In
the city hall.
Gilbert K. Chesterton was defending
Women's apparel. “To say the least,
they have not stood still. They are
forever striving for added attractive
ness, added comfort, added utility.
But look at the men!
“The most Irrational fantasies often
become the most lasting. Two such
examides are what are commonly
called a pair of trousers and a top
A pot of gold was found near Sant
Main, France, the other day In demol
ishing a building used as a biding
place by the Templars when Philippe
le Bel sought to confiscate the wealth
of the order. Most of the coins,
worth a fortune to numismatics, bore
the effigy of King Louis X.
The Lincoln highway Is tlie longest
road in the world. It lias a length of
A bird In the bush Is worth two In
the cat’s mouth.
„ ►- - \i ^
* <4 .4 iAi
For 110-1J0 Toll. Sft-fcO rT<J* «ll«r--l
Uif fiirriBt «» A. C tob«w
•iid one rectify*uc tube, |77 (without
tukxw). Alan Modfl 42 with automatic
vnlitfr regulator, WA, and Model 44*
an eitra-powerful "JUuuoe" aet, |106
For dirwt current, Model 41, |87
What a comfort to know
your radio is faithful
• • •
From the home current
The 1929 Atwater Kent all-electrie set is powered wholly from
the house lighting circuit- You suup a switch to turn the current
on and off, just as you do with an electiic light. Always reedy
to operate. Current costs only a fraction of a cent an hour.
—or from batteries
The 1929 battery set also hes clear tone, selectivity, great range
and plenty of volume, plus beauty and compactness.
M ARY,turn on the radio and aee what the weather man says.
Then let’* see if there isn’t a good male quartette somewhere,
or a brass band—”
That a satisfaction it is to knout your radio will do its duty.
Good, reliable Atwater Kent Radio! That a host of friends
its dependability has made! "You can always count on an
Atwater Kent”—wherever radio is known, that’s what they soy.
BATTERY SETS, *49.968
I his quality ot stead fast
ness is built in, and doubly
assured by 222 factory tests or
inspections. Hence the com
mon remark,"If Atwater Kent
makes it, it's right."
•—at n money-saving price
You cannot buy the all-round satisfaction that
Atwater Kent Kadiogivca, for less than the fig
ures quoted heie. You can puy a great deal
more without getting more.
Solid mahonnT eahinaie. Panola aatin
finished In gold- Model 4«, M'*; Model
«. e sire-power fill. IdB. Pnoee do not in
elude tube* or bntterio*.
On lJb« air —#v*rv Sunday night—Atwnter Kent Rodin Hour—listen ml
Prirss slightly higher west of the Rot kite.
ATWATER KENT MANUFACTURING CO.
4764 Wlaaahlekoa Are. A. Anoarer ken«, IVea. Philadelphia, Pa.
"Radio’. Trneel Vole a”
Atw.ler Heat Radio Speaker.!
ilodrls E, F-?, K-B, annin qual*
llj. dilferetil in die. Each 120.
Trials of the Tubers.
“Can you Imagine anything worse
than being a cornstalk and having your
ears pulled by farmers?”
“How about being a potato with
your eyes full of dirt?”—Montreal
A division of labor makes for a hap
py race. Legislators pass the speed
laws and the motorists pass them up.
—Farm and Fireside.
A “light year” is the space traversed
In one year by a ray of light, which
in air travels at the rate of 186,178
miles a second.
Oh! Mitn—Yes, sir. I've smoked for
21) years and tlien all of a sadden I
Young Man—What brought about
the change nfter so many years?
Old Man—Went to work In a gaso
“Mrs. Smith seems to have got over
the dea h of her ili st I usbund.”
"Yes, but her second husband
We can tell science that we don’t
care half as much where we came
from as where we re going to.
Mother—Junior, do you know whero
the new candy shop Is on Main street 1
Mother—Well, I want you to go ln|
the grocery next door and get mo |
pound of onions.
Talking of Jokes.
He had just proposed. She had Just
“You are Just a Joke,” she said.
“Well, can't you take a Joke7” he
No one expects life to be all rose*,
hut he would like at least a year of
two to be roses.
cleated tires that grip
like a cleated shoe
ChAINS this winter? NO! Yet, safety all the time—not just
when chains are on! And quietness all the time—not just when
chains are off!
Cleated tires are the tire industry’s answer to winter’s most an
noying problem. What an innovation!
The picture tells the story. Cleated tires ... grip wet roads . . .
bite into snow .. .are sure-footed in slush and mud ... respond
effectively to the demands of four-wheel brakes.
AND THEN, after the trying conditions of winter have worn
down the cleats, comes into play the standard long mileage Dunlop
non-skid balloon tread... ready when spring comes to take over
the changed road demands brought about by the difference be
tween winter and spring road conditions.
The winter mileage provided by the cleats themselves is entirely
additional to the standard tread mileage.
Dunlop considers this winterized tire one of the greatest of its
many inventions for the safety and comfort of motorists.
To Dunlop dealers: If the Dunlop representative bus not had time
to reach you, wire your orders to the nearest Dunlop warehouse,
DUNLOP TIRE AND RUBBER CO.. BUPfALO, N. Y.
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