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About The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 18, 1928)
CAN CHARLEY FINISH THE ACT?
How Your Tax Dollar Is Divided
The above circle represents a dollar of tax money.
Every dollar that you, a taxpayer, pay over the counter of your
County Treasurer, is divided this way:
19 cents goes to the State Treasurer to meet the ex
penses of state government.
45 cents goes to the support of your local schools.
17 cents goes to support your county government.
14 cents goes to support your city, town or village
3 cents goes to support your township government.
2 cents goes to support your high school.
$1.00 total tax dollar.
These figures may vary a little in each county. They are average
figures for the entire state taken from the records of the State Tax
Commissioner’s office for the year 1927.
When a candidate for Governor says he can reduce state taxes 30
per cent he challenges the intelligence of voters.
No Governor can touch or change school, county, city,
village, township or high school taxes for the reason that
lexies for these purposes are made by county hoards on esti
mates furnished by school hoards, and city, village and town
There is only one division of state taxes he could possibly change,
that is general administration, which is 1.1 cents of the state tax dollar.
If he could shut up the state house, dismiss state employees in
cluding employees of the highway department, stop the fight for the
eradication of bovine tuberculosis and close all executive departments
of state government, he could only save each taxpayer 1.1 cents.
DO NOT BE MISLED OB DECEIVED BY EXTRAVAGANT
STATEMENTS AND PROMISES
A reduction of 45 per cent in state taxes for 1928 under
1927 has been made and will be seen in your next May real
estate taxes and your next December personal taxes. You can
verify this statement by asking your county clerk or county
treasurer. It is a matter of public record.
This reduction was made possible by there being no necessity in
1928 to levy 1.5 mills needed in 1927 to pay a state deficit, and by a
further reduction of .19 mills in the general fund levy.
REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE
D. H. CRONIN. Publisher
W. C. TEMPLETON.
Editor and Business Manager
Entered at the postofflce at O'Neill,
Nebraska, as second-clasa matter.
“In view of some of the statements
made by former Senator Hitchcock
and Governor Smith, charging the Re
publicans with the agricultural depres
sion of recent years,” says the Lincoln
State Journal, “it might be well to
look over some of the events of 1919
and 1920 when a Democrat, Woodrow
Wilson, was president, and when Mr.
Hitchcock was telling congress, the
press and anyone else who would lis
ten, that a crisis had been reached.”
The former senator, it assumes,
must have forgotten so it lists a few
of the events of that interesting, if
disastrous, period beginning with
“Nov. 12. Call money loans at 30
percent, highest since panic of 1907.
Violent collapse in security prices.
“Dec. 29. Call money rates advance
25 percent due to lower reserve ration
of federal reserve banks. Time money
8!a percent, highest of the year.
“And in 1920:
“Week ending Feb. 9. Cotton falls
$9 a bale. Fall in price of corn, pork
and lard. Stocks slump 5 to 10 points.
“April 21: Practically all financial
markets suffer a most severe slump.
“Week ending April 23, Iron and
steel prices ease slightly.
“Aug. 2. Sharp fall of grain and
“Aug. 31. Bank clearings for Aug
ust decrease 7 3-4 percent from pre
“Sept. 22. Wholesale and retail
price reductions nation-wide.
“Sept. 24. Wheat breaks to below
recent government guarantee of
"Week ending Sept. 27, December
corn drops below $1. Recessions in
hides and leathers are tremendous.
Trend is downward in all commodities
except oil and steel.
“Oct. 4. December wheat falls be
low $2 a bushel.
i “Oct. 10. Break in sugar prices.
“Oct. 18. Many industrial plants
curtail operations, while others make
i drastic price reductions. Some mills
“Oct. 31. Failures increase 3G 1-3
percent in number and 31 2-3 percent
in amount of liabilities in October
compared with September.
“Nov. 4. Soft coal prices reduced.
“Dec. 31. New England textile mills
file notices of 22*4 percent wage
“And during the first two months
of 1921 while President Wilson was
still in office.
“Jan. 4. Bethlehem steel corpora
tion announces 10 to 20 percent wage
“Jan. 10. American Woolen com
pany announces 22* percent wage cut.
“Jan. 13. Singer company reduces
j wages 20 percent.
; “Week of March 4. Cotton reached
the lowest point since 1914.”
“Senator Hitchcock and Governor
Smith,” it adds, “will find it difficult
to discover a period of two years dur
ing- the past two administrations more
crowded with disaster, deflation and
depression. The record of this period
is one of falling prices, reduced wages,
near panics, decreased hank clearings
and increased business failures. Sen
ator Hitchcock was right, back in De
cember, 1920, when he said the crisis
had been reached. He has forgotten
a great deal since that time.”
One sequel of this distressful cata
logue, it might be recalled, was the
summoning by President Harding, as
one of the early acts of his adminis
tration, of a conference on unemploy
If Mr. Hitchcock and Governor
Smith were wise they would not fresh
en the public’s memory of what hap
pened during the closing months of
the Wilson administration.
REPUBLICAN NEWS LETTER.
Lincoln Nebr.. Oct. 15, 1928.
Whatever may be the outstanding
issues of the national campaign, the
chief issue of the state campaign is
clear. It is taxation and finance. Both
candidates for the governorship are
devoting considerable time in thtyr
speaking engagements to this question.
Arthur J. Weaver, the republican can
didate, is making it clear that the
governor has no control over local
taxes. And local taxes are about 81
per cent, of all taxes. His opponent,
Mr. Bryan, is making the sweeping
statement that he will reduce taxes 30
per cent, or more. That statement is
open to investigation. Since the gov
ernor has no voice or influence in
making local assessments, such as
county, town, village, township and
school taxes, the only taxes he could
possibly change or influence are state
taxes, which compose 19 per cent, as
a general average, of all taxes. But
the governor cannot change taxes re
quired to meet state appropriations.
He could only bring his economic de
termination to bear on that part of the
state taxes devoted to general admin
istration, which takes 1.1 cents out of
the 19 cents required for state taxes.
It does not take a very deep mind to
see that Mr. Bryan’s cut of 30 per
cent from the 1.1 cents needed for gen
eral administration will not make any
taxpayer feel that he has been speci
ally relieved' of a grievous tax burden.
On an address made on the evening
of October 5th at Crete, Mr. Bryan
put a new capital “I” in his reproduc
ing set and waded boldly into the mat
ter of taxation and trust-busting.
After making his usual claim to hav
ing lowered taxes while he was gov
ernor and promising that a great sav
ing would be seen in tax lowering, as
well as in the horde of unemployed
who would walk out of the state house
the day of his inauguration, Mr. Bry
an told how he had befriended the peo
ple in time of trouble and been their
emancipator, saviour and only friend
“During my administration I saved
the people of the state ten million dol
lars in taxes, eleven million dollars in
gasoline and ten millions more on
coal,” he declared. “What does that
amount to? $125 per family for the
entire state.” These are Mr. Bryan’s
exact words. If he had been modest
in his claims someone might believe
him. But when he raises himself to
the place of superman and claims
ability to do what it is not within the
power of a governor to do, he makes
a sorry failure and discredits even his
If during his administration as
governor Mr. Bryan saved every
family in Nebraska $125 on taxes,
gasoline and coal, as he decllares he
did, then there are thousands of fami
lies who have been cheated out of
their share. The distribution was im
perfect. Mr. Bryan should have seen
to that and not allowed the immense
tain places, that was class treat
tain places. That whas class treat
ment and Mr. Bryan says he is the
friend of tho common folks.
But Mr. Bryan is not deluding many
people with his talk of enormous eco- j
mimics and savings made when he ;
was governor. The memory of people!
is not so short that they cannot re-1
member that affairs ran along about |
the same while he was governor as
they did before and have since andj
that his tenure of the governorship
merely showed that sometimes the
people make a mistake and raise to au
thority one who promises much, de
livers little, and then keeps on chal
lenging common intelligence in the
people by trying to make them think
that he alone is their saviour, guardi
an and friend*
The approach of Arthur J. Weaver
to the problems of taxation and state
finance is business-like and sane. He
believes that economies in state gov
ernment can be effected by combining
some departments that overlap and
duplicate and by making savings here
and there throughout the entire budg
et over which the governor has con
trol. He agrees to apply to the du
ties of the governorship the business
and executive ability that has made
him a careful and successful business
administrator and to appeal to no class
or creed but to be the governor of all
the people—their faithful executive
and not their glorified protector. His
sensible appeal is being listened to
with good attention and approval and
as the day of settling the fate of the
candidates draws near it is increas
ingly apparent that Mr. Weaver has
so grown in public esteem that he has
won the right and privilege to be the
next governor of Nebraska.
Arthur Mullen, of Omaha, demo
cratic national committeeman, is
again “conceding” Nebraska to the
democrats. It has been a harmless
and amusing custom of Mr. Mullen to
predict a democratic victory a few
weeks before election for many years
past. The fact that his predictions in
variably go wrong never discourage
him or puts a dent in his optimism for
he always comes up just before the
next election with another rosy vision
of democratic victory. In 1920, after
he had predicted that Cox would carry
Nebraska over Harding, Harding car
ried the state by 127,000. In 1922 he
predicted the re-election of Senator
Hitchcock, but Howell beat him by
72.000. In 1924 Mr Mullen predicted
that Davis would carry the state, but
Coolidge won out with a majority of
81.000. Mr Mullen is welcome to his
predictions, but we venture the predic
tion that his is wrong as usual
The last returns from the nation
wide straw vote now being conducted
by the Literary Digest shows Hoover
leading Smith in Nebraska by more
than two to one. In the October 13th
issue of the Digest Mr. Hoover has
22,086 votes from Nebraska to 10,340
for Mr. Smith. The result at the end
of the forth week of the poll shows
a total vote from all the states for
Hoover of 1,201,860 to 688,829 for
Smith. This is practically the ration
at which the vote runs from all the
northern states, except New York and
Wisconsin, where Hoover’s lead is
somewhat less. New York, which
shows the most favorable vote for
Smith of any northern state, stands
144,276 for Smith as against 170,113
for Hoover. Many southern states, in
cluding Virginia, Texas, Tennessee.
North Carolina, Maryland, Kentucky,
Missouri, Oklahoma, and Alabama,
show n majority for Hoover.
MISS KATHERYN McCARTHY
INJURED SATURDAY NIGHT
A Ford coupe occupied by Roy and
Miss Helen Knapp, Miss Jean and
Miss Karheryn McCarthy collided
with a team driven by Gus Widtfeldt
on the road one and one-half miles
north of the fair ground about seven
o’clock Saturday evening. Miss Kath
eryn received a cut and severe bruise
on the calf of the left leg which re
quired several stitches to close.
The Ford coupe was coming toward
O’Neill; a car was coming toward
them with bright light that blinded
the driver and they met the Widtfeldt
team headon; the wagon tongue pen
trated the radiator, gas tank and
struck Miss Katlieryn on the leg with
the result mentioned. She has been
confined to her bed since the accident,
but we are informed that she is now
recovering nicely. Mr. Widtfeldt re
ceived a number of bruises when he
fell from the wagon; neither of the
horses were seriously injured. Miss
Katheryn is the teacher at the Knapp
WOMAN’S CLUB NOTES.
On account of the rainy weather
October 10th the meeting of the Wo
man’s club was postponed. The pro
gram to be given then will be given
at the meeting Wednesday afternoon,
(Boyd, Brown, Holt, Keya Paha and
WILLIAM M. ELY
Resident of Brown County 3S years I
Practiced law at Ainsworth 2S years 1
Put you? car in shape
for winter driving
1. Inatall New Im
R roved Chevrolet
1. Clean all apart
plug! and aet gapa
to proper clearance
for winter driving.
3. True up and ad
juat breaker point!
to proper clearance
for winter driving
t Check and adjuat
8. Adjuat carburetor
for winter driving.
9. Tighten Intake
10. Chock and tighten
water hoee conneo
11. Adjuat fain bgi* to
13. Cleon generator
14. Aaiuat generator
3rd bruah for win.
Before winter comes —make sure that your
Chevrolet is ready for cold weather! Special
adjustments should be made for winter driv
ing. And then you need a heater—one that
will keep your car comfortably warm on the
To save you both time and money, we have
grouped the necessary winter service items in
our 15-point service combination - as shown at
the left- TTje New Improved Chevrolet heater
Included with this combination war«designed
especially for the Chevrolet car by Chevrolet
engineers. It delivers 86.8 cubic feet of heated
air per minute —enough to fill the average
Chevrolet body In two minutes at 30 miles
per hour! And u it easily adjustable, while
you drive, for any degree of heat you want.
Bring your Chevrolet In now—before the
winter rush is on. The work will be com
pleted within a few hours—and winter will
find you ready!
Arbuthnot & Reka
At Royal Theatre
“The Fleet’s In!”
with Janies Hall
Sunday and Monday, October 21 and 22
Step Fase, Sailor! There’s no waiting for
this one. You'll be docked a lot of laughs
if you miss the first boat. When “The
Fleet’s In!” Clara steps right out. Her
ship of joy’s come in at last and laughter is
the order of the day.
A PARAMOUNT PICTURE
STOCK COMPANY WILL
APPEAR AT K. C. THEATRE
EACH FRIDAY EVENING
The management of the K. C. opera
house have arranged with the Hugo
players, a stock company, for a series
of theatrical plays that will be given
each Friday evening at the K. C. opera
house beginning Friday evening, Oc
A change of plays each week and
vaudeville between acts is the promise
of the company.
Ewin.tr, Neb., Oct. 17: Word has
been received here of the marriage of
Miss Nell Vogel to Stuting Moore of
Orchard. Miss Vogel is the (laughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Vogel of Nor
folk, formerly of Ewing and was
graduated in the 1028 class of the Ew
Mr. Moore is the son of Thomas
Moore and has lived near Orchard all
of his life.
MICHAEL L. ENDRES
Democratic Candidate Cor
Michael L. Endres was born July 28,
1876 in Bavaria, Germany, came to this
country in 1889 at the age of 14, came to
Omaha in 1898, was In Business tor 15
years, was elected County Treasurer of
Douglas County In 1916 and served 6
years. This Office includes City Treas
urer, Board of Education and Metropol
itan Utilities District. Received and dis
bursed over 120 Million dollars during his
term. Served so efficiently the people
elected him Sheriff and he served 4 years,
did not run for reelection, was nominated
for 8tate Treasurer without a contest In
the spring of 1928. His motto: "Effici
ency, Honesty and Economy In Public
Vote for M. L. Endres—Nov. 6
C. E. Havens
Republican Candidate For
State Representative 64th District
Election, November 6, 1928
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