The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965, July 26, 1923, Image 3

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    MBW i
Drives out the catar
rhal poisons, dispels
the infiamation of
the mucous linings
and reinforces the
system against dis
For safety take
Pe-ru-na during ho! _
Tablets or Liquid
Sold Everywhere
si\ Visit Canada thi9 summer
iff —see for yourself the op
Hff portunities which Canada
a* offers to both labor and
fi capital—rich, fertile, vir
m gin prairie land, near rail
b ways and towns, at $15 to
$20 an acre—long terms if
' desired. Wheat crops last
year the biggest in history;
dairying and hogs pay well;
s mixed farming rapidly in
j creasing.
f Excursion on 1st and3d
‘ Tuesday of Each Month
' from various U.S. points, single
fare plus $2 for the round trip.
Other special rates any day.
Make this your summer outing
—Canada welcomes tourists—
no pa39ports required—have a
great trip and see with your
i own eyes the opportunities that
k await you.
■ft For full information, with free
gn booklets and maps, write
f* G.A.Cook,Desk W. Water
ik town, S. 1>.; W.V. Bennett,
“ Desk W ado Peter's Trust
k Bldg., Omaha. Neb.; It. A.
k Garrett, Desk W, 311 W.
U Jackson St., St.Paul, Minn.
Av&arixti Cui£is Gkv*t Aft.
8I0UX CITY PTG. CO., NO. 30~192i
i =■■:.— t-j "" .'{
Boastful Man Got Away With Box of
Chocolates, but There Was
I a Reason.
A man was boasting to some other^
he had met that he could take any
article from a shop without being deT
tected. One of his hearers bet him
that he could not take a box of choco*
lates In this way.
The man agreed and they went
along to a grocer's shop.
“You wait here,” said the daring
one, “and you’ll see!”
With these words he went Into tli«
shop, took a box of chocolates from
the counter and walked out.
“There you are!” he said proudly,
“I’ve won the wager!”
The stranger smiled.
“You’re very smart!” he answered,
“But I happen to be a detective and
I am going to arrest you for stealing!”
“Walt a bit, sir,” said the other
coolly. “I happen to be the proprietor
iof the shop!"
Yes, Indeed. |
I “Did that rich uncle of yours leave
(many heirlooms?"
“I should say so. A new heir looms
up almost every week.’’—Boston Eve,
nlng Transcript. <
It Is buying without thinking that
fills the market with so many good
second-hand bargains.
i Dessert Is an edible which comes
Vend goes with company.
Visit of Bryan Brothers Starts Gossip—Why Reclamation?
Rains Prove Gravel Roads—After Economy Record.
It was quite the natural thing for
W. J. Bryan, who made a trip north
to attend the Christian Endeaver con
vention at Des Moines, to stop over
In Lincoln for a visit with his brother,
Governor Charles W. Bryan. Yet
some of the political "dopesters” tried
to attach political significance to the
visit. They said the Bryan brothers
had their heads together with a view
of figuring ways and means to con
trol the Nebraska delegation to the
next democratic convention.
Governor Bryan did Invite in a few
friends to rehash old times with his
Florida' brother of greater fame but
fewer campaign victories. The small
assemblage did not, however, have the
appearance of a Btar chamber session
of democratic clan leaders. Congress
man John H. Morehead, former gover
nor, was about the only prominent
democrat Id attendance at the recep
tion held in honor of the "Commoner.”
The Lincoln correspondent of the
Omaha Bee. after trying to picture
the Lincoln reception as an “inner
circle” political confab, had to men
tion tho prominent democrats who
were not there In order to give
political flavor to the incident. Ap
parently the technique in this case
was to create envy and offense among
those not invited. In the same ar
ticle it was admitted that the recep
tion guests, aside from state officers,
"were Lincoln friends of the Bryan
§ai<i tfie Bee correspondent: "Such
men as J. N. Norton, James C. Dahl
man, Dan Butler, Congressman Shal
lenberger, Theodore Osteman, Gilbert
M. Hitchcock, Arthur Mullen, W. H.
Thompson and W. J. Taylor, whose
presence at a democratic function
spells harmony, were not present.”
No doubt Hitchcock, Mullen and
others appreciate the implied resent
ment of the republican Omaha Bee
because of the alleged affront to
democratic wheel-horses.
Why Maks Things Worse?
D. W. Davis, former gorvernor of
Idaho., now special assistant to the
secretary of the interior, said in the
course of an address before the Omaha
Chamber of Commerce:
"We of the west should be
thankful that our government
takes such an Interest and is
willing to advance large sums of
money in irrigation projects,
which mean so much to our de
With production needs more than
J met by land already under cultiva
} tion—so much so that normal mar
I keting rules are continually upset—It
is difficult to understand why cither
individuals or governmental agencies
of this generation should be encour
aged to expend huge sums for the
reclamation of additional agricultural
lands through drainage and Irriga
tion. Such expansions involve neither
business sense nor conservation sense.
The people of this country may need
the additional production facilities
1,000 years hence and they should be
held over for possible future contin
The Interior department would b«
doing more for "we of the west” by
spending the government’s irrigation
and drainage funds for toy balloons
and allowing the employes of these
departments to put In their time
playing with them. It’s bad enough
to spend huge millions that could be
saved, but to spend the money in
, making things worse is about the
. limit in official foolishness.
Gravel Roads Stand Test.
Skepticism as to the roadability
and durability of properly constructed
gravelled roads is confined largely tc
communities which have not tried
them under fair conditions. The Nor
folk News contends that the heavy
rains of May, June and July have
given a good test to the small mileage
of gravelled roads in that vicinity
That newspaper says:
Norfolk has had an object les
son thfs year in the value of
gravel as a road surfacing ma
terial The almost constaru rains
of the last month or six weeks
have kept the dirt roads in a de
plorable condition. The down
pours followed one another so
rapidly that road patrol men were
unable to geL out on the high
ways. Durin#all of this time the
two short stretches of gravelled
^roads were not only passable but
In first-class condition. Even the
hardest rain failed to affect them.
They stood up fine under the
most trying season this section
has had in many years.
The Nebraska highway department
figures the averago construction cost
of gravel roads at $4,600 per mile.
Allowing $800 per year for replace
ment of gravel, $176 per mile per year
for maintenance, and $270 per year
Xor interest on the original investment,
that makes the average cost of gravel
ed roads in the state about $1,246 per
mile per year. Carrying the compu
tation farther, the department takes
the average traffic on main-traveled
roads ar.d' estimates that the saving
in transportation cost on gravelled
roads, as compared with dirt roads,
(the saving including automobile
maintenance over the two types of
roads) is $2,889 ger mile. With all
items taken Into the Calculation, that
makes the gravelled roads cost $1,844
per year less than nothing. The Iowa
agricultural college, following exhaus
tive tests, gave out figures somewhat
to the same effect.
From a statistical standpoint,
there’s only one possible Joker in the
situation. To get the gravelled roads
calls for the $4,500 per mile invest
ment, plus $1,245 per year running ex
pense, then some talented folks are
liable to stop and "absorb" the savings
which otherwise revert to wipe out the
maintenance cost. A surprisingly
large number of people in this country
are able to live by their wits, in one
way or another, and the competition
in that line Is more or less legitimate.
4nyway, figures are fascinating.
After Economy Record
While circumstances arise which
6eem to justify both praise and criti
cisms of Governor Bryan’s policies,
all of the newspaper observers at Lin
coln agree that the governor Is trying
to reduce the cost of Btate government
—and that he actually is making
headway in that respect. Persons
connected with departments which
have been affected by the economies
seek to show that the governor is
"penqy wise,” of course, gut it is not
at all certain that he has eliminated
or modified any official work of out
standing importance.
Under Governor Bryan’s own bud
get for the two years standing July 1,
1928, the expenditures will be $6,000,
000 to $10,000,000 less than the expen
ditures for the last two years of the
McKelvie administration. These sav
ings are. foreordained under the re
duced appropriations made through
Governor Bryan’s budget schedule,
which the legislature could not over
turn because of inability to muster a
three-fifths vote. The governor’s
budget, as provided in the Nebraska
constitution, is one of the best budget
systems in any state. It is a clear and
practical centralisation of budget re
Governor Bryan has made executive
and political mistakes, without ques
tion, but if he can go before the people
of Nebraska with a showing of $10,
000,000 saved In two years he can sit
back and let his opponents do th#
arguing. Operations from January 1,
1923, to June 30, 1923, under the Bryan
administration, were part of the Me-1
JCelvie budget. The code question was
featured in the Nebraska campaign
last year, largely on that claim that
it had been partly responsible for in
creased state expenses. Bryan was
elected on an economy platform. If
he makes good on it. he will almost
be in position to claim a new world's
Circuit Judge Threatens To
Evict U. S. Senator From Room
Grand Rapids, Mich., .. , V—A
United States senator was rebikcd by'
j a circuit judge and told he would be
! removed from the court room if he did
not conduct himself properly, during
the hearing here yesterday of the di
vorce suit brought by Mrs. Mabel
Ferris against Phelps Ferris.
Senator Woodbridge N. Ferris, had
been an Interested attendant at the
hearing in which his son and
daughterinlaw are the principals. Mrs.
Ferris was testifying. Occasionally
I __
Senator Ferris smiled during her tes
Judge M. L. Dunham interrupted
the hearing.
"Senator,’ he said, "it is very un
pleasant for Mrs. Ferris to sit on the
witness stand and have you look at
your lawyer and smile at each ques
tion and answer. That must be stop
When the Judge threatened to have
him removed Senator Ferris arose
from his chair, apologized and the in
cident was closed.
The Largest Thermometer.
From the Kansas City Star.
The largest thermometer in the
world has been erected on the board
walk near Michigan avenue, Atlantic
City, N. J. It is 60 feet high, enabl
ing promenaders a mile away to read
the temperature. The mercury In the
tube is 10 inches wide and is operat
ed by a system of small thermome
ters with electrical relays. Lights on
the board indicate the temperature
accurately and automatically.
"The worn turn”—into a tape
worm probably, for the farmer to
feed as per usual.
Motion picture films, collars, cuffs
and many toilet articles, are made from
certain forms of guncotton which are
less highly explosive than the guncot
ton used in war and in blasting.
In connection with the electrification
of Swiss federal railways the mechan
ical signal system has been replaced by
an electrically operated signal system,
said to be the first instillation of its
kind in Europe.
Mrs. Lovllla Oldrlch threatens to
scrub her young: ’uns faces on the
wash board If they don’t g:et down to
talc dirt business.
Lady Astor, young American from
Virginia, first female in the house
of commons, gives English mothers
cause for gratitude. By a vote of 257
to 10, the house of commons, yes
terday passed Lady Astor’s bill pre
venting sale of intoxicating liquors
to minors under 18 years of age. This
doesn’t forbid Englishmen to give
beer or wine to their children, but
children cannot buy it in publlo
houses. That’s a step in tho right di
rection, regardless of anybody’s opin
ion on absolute prohibition.
Maple syrup Is the favorite sooth
ing syrup with young and old alike.
The old order must be changing In
Missouri. From that state which
gave the world Senator Vest’s fa
mous eulogy on the dog and that
time-honored battlehymn, “You Got
to Quit Kickin’ My Dog Around"
comes a report that one city, Excel
sior Springs, has enacted an ordin
ance providing for a dog tax which
will near bankrupt the average fam
ily to keep even one “houn dawg.’’
Folks with keen ears can usually
bear the jpggplclously loud humming
cAddress by W. H. Finley, President
Chicago and North Western Railway Company
before the
Chamber gf Commerce at Des Moines, Iowa
Friday Noon, June 29th, 1923.
The Chicago and North Western
Railway pays for the space in this
jiaper that it may from time to time
present matters of first importance
to the readers of this publication.
We would warn the voter of the
continuing attempt of the political
demagogue to undermine the exist
ing order of things to his own tem
porary advantage. The insidious at
tack upon the railroads but cloak
an attempt to break down the nghts
of private property.
In publishing extracts from a re
cent address by Mr. IF. II. Finley.
President of the Chicago and North
Western Railway, we present to the
voter certain facts easily verified.
In later issues we will quote from
others who are experienced not only
in railroad management but in the
relations- existing between the rail
road and its patrons.
Transportation Act of 1920.
President Finley, in discussing par
ticularly the Transportation Act of
1920, referred to the wonderful serv
ice rendered society by the railroads.
Recognizing the necessity for and the
benefits of reasonable regulation of
the carriers, he showed most conclu
sively the advanced step in legislation
in the enactment of what is known as
the Esch-Cummlns or the Transporta
tion Act. *
In referring to the,thirty-three years
of experience In the regulation of the
railroads since the creation of the In
terstate Commerce Commission, he
stated that, “It woul'd seen* natural
that during this period the Commis
sion should have established or de
clared a formula by which the reason
ableness of rates should be measured.
But such an occurrence did not take
place. During this period, processes of
government by commission have had
considerable development, not only ns
concerns the railroads of the United
States, but as affecting most of the
so-called public utility Industries. The
railroads, being the largest of the in
dustries affected, reflect probably more
fully thnn any other the full effect of
this form of government by commis
sion. In general, the procedure before
the Commission is as follows: that
any one who sees an opportunity to
prbflt by the reduction of a rate,
whether It Is reasonable or unreason
able, originates a complaint before the
Commission. The Commission than
hears the testimony of the complain
ant and that of the carrier In defense,
and the Commission, usually consider
ing a compromise ns expedient, gives
a decision somewhere between the
two positions taken by the opposing
parties. The tendency of this proce
dure is always to reduce rates, but not
to advance them. This process does
not tend to establish justice. The only
way that justice can he established is
by competent authority acting in con
formity with sound economic theory
based upon a full and truthful knowl
edge of the facts pertaining thereto,
and apart from prejudice or ulterior
“The Transportation Act of 1920
was necessary In order to clarify the
situation from a legal point of view.
In the experience of the Commission,
and In the exercise of its administra
tive powers, it had come in conflict,
time after time, with the Courts. The
various State Gommissons in their ag
gressiveness, had, from t'me to time,
overstepped their authority and com
pelled the carriers to take their coses
to the Supreme Court of the United
States. It is clear that such regula
tory processes are unnecessary, and
that the multitudinous questions in
volved in the transportation industry
cannot reasonably be brought, one by
one, before the Supreme Court of the
United States for settlement.
“The Transportation Act brings into
concrete form and expresses the prin
ciples which Lave been established by
the Supreme Court of the United
States out of the experience of m.jny
years, and from a legal point of view,
is a masterpiece of legislation, in that
it simplifies and clarifies those ques
tions which had been in dispute and
settled from time to time, piece
meal, through litigation. If there is
anything which will assist materially
in the conduct of tills great industry,
it is the clarifying of legislative en
actments so that they may he fully un
derstood, and litigation will then be
"The Transportation Act, in an
nouncing a Kule of Rate-making, did
not enumerate any new principles or
create any new conditions relating to
commerce, but did state In clear and
concise terms those principles which,
by thirty-three years of experience
and controversy, had been established
through decisions of tlie Supreme
Court of the United States. These
principles had been established
through court decisions resulting from
the straggles of public utility enter
prises against the injustice which
regulatory commissions would other
wise have inflicted upon them."
President Finley referred to the ex
perience of government control during
the war and the lessons learned from
It, and showed how the Transporta
tion ACt aided In the "re-establishing
of the financial credit of the depleted
railroads." He stated that the provi
sions of this Act “clearly intend to (a)
introduce economic theory Into the
making of rates; (b) provide adequate
wages for the employees, and (c) pro
vide Just and adequate compensation
to capital actually employed. The
above are, therefore, perfectly natural
expressions of the government’s inten
tion to deal fairly with the railroad In
dustry, both as to employees and In
vestors, and remove, If possible, this
whole question from the field of con
troversy and litigation. We must also
recognize that the commerce of the
United States Is expanding. Our na
tional wealth and productive power is
Increasing, and our continued prosper
ity rests upon continuance of all our
favorable conditions. Our railroads
must expand, providing additional lo
comotives, cars, terminal and other fa
cilities which mean added Investment.
Investors cannot be expected to put
tlielr money into enterprises that do
not yield a reasonable return—nor will
they—-and It Is necessary that in the
future, investors may be made to feel
that the savings they put Into railroud
properties are a safe and secure In
vestment. Continued attacks on rail
roads, with the intention of destroying
their credit, will do incalculable harm
to the nation.”
lie summed up wnai naR Deen, ex
perienced under the Transportation
Act as follows:
1. “An adjustment of all freight
rates and passenger fnres to the new
level required to put the railroads
upon a Bound economic basis and meet
the increased labor costs.
2. “A sudden and unexpected decline
in traffic which introduced a new dif
ficulty Into the situation so that the
operations for the year 1921 were dis
appointing because they yielded a lit
tle over one-half of the intended In
terest upon the investment.
3. “Reductions in rates and adjust
ments In wages In an effort to meet
the changed conditions of traffic."
And then, after reviewing this and
other pertinent facts, he asked: “Do
we want the Transportation Act to be
continued! or. Do we want to destroy
it? The answer Involves the whole
question of the public's Interest in the*
subject of transportation and how it
may lie best served. The public’s in
terest Is primarily centered upon the
amounts they must pay ns passenger
fnres and ■freight rates. Those are de
termined by four factors, namely. (1)
Wages; (2) Fuel and Material Costs;
(3) Taxes, and (4) Interest on Invest
ments. If these four elements are just
and reasonable, it follows thut the
rates themselves must be Just and rea
sonable. If the rates themselves are
too high, then one of these four fac
tors is being overpaid. The public is
Just now confronted with rates ap
proximately fifty per cent higher than
in 1917, but from every reasonable
economic point of view, these rates
are fully justified by comparison with
the general price levels of other com
modities, and particularly of other
services. There is at the present time,
no perceptible slackening up of com
merce due to the so-called high freight
rates, and th# bare fact that the com
merce of tho country is moving freely
is evidence that the freight rates them
selves are fully within the value of
the service rendered to the public.
“The Rule of Rate-making, Section
15a of the Law, should be upheld by
every right-thinking citizen, and when
the full knowledge reaches the Ameri
can public that it Is a meusure con
forming stricjly to the Constitution
and as just a»d reasonable ns human
Intellect can conceive, it will meet
with popular approval.”
Mr. Finley emphasized the fact that
“It was necessary and is still neces
sary, if capital Is to be attracted into
the railroad field, thnt the Congress of
the United States, speaking for all the
pe<q)U', should assure Investors in rail
road securities tjiat the administrative
authorities will fix rates upon a basis
that will afford a fair return, and that
the Judders of railroad securities will
not be relegated to the Impracticable
and uncertain remedy alforded
through the ordinary channels of lit;
. guron.
‘‘While there is no guaranty con
tained anywhere in the Transportation
Act, yet Sectleo 15a does express the
policy of giving fair treatment with
out the necessity of litigation.
"To repeal the Transportation Act
now w'ould amount to a legislative
declaration that the Interstate Com
merce Commission was Invited to do
an unconstitutional thing, to-wit, fix
rates that would not produce a fair
return upon the value of the property,
for the most that Is contained in the
Transportation Act upon this subject
Is found in paragraphs two and three
of Section 15a, und they may be
analyzed briefly as follows:
“First—It Is prodded that tlys Inter
state Commerce Commission shall fix
rates will will produce a fair return,
as nearly as may be, upon the- value of
the railway properties devoted to the
transportation service.
“Second—The Commission is author
ized, from time to time, to determine
what percentage or rate of return will
constitute a fair return.
“To now repeal that portion of the
Tninsportatlon Act referred to would
nmount to a declaration by the people
of the United States that they w'ere
| not willing to have their administra
tive officers fix rates that will produce
a fair return, even as that fair return
Is determined by the Interstate wr ens'
merce Commission, on the present
basis of 5% per cent.
“I do not believe that the peo; l ■ of
the United States, wlten properly ap
prised of all the facts, wHl" permit
their representatives in the Cor:; ess
of the United States, through legisla
tion, to announce that it is the pur
pose and'policy of ‘the Govern roes; to
deny a fair return upon fair values of
railway properties. Such would be
the effect at this time of repealing
Section 15a of the Act to Itegulate
“The Transportation Act undertakes
to establish, by government sanction,
tiie elements within the cost of trans
portation, two of which, wages and in
terest on the investment, have had
considerable public attention drawn 1o
them by propaganda of organized la
bor on the one band and politicians
and demagogues on the other. A close
analysis of tills propaganda will give
evidence that they are hot it an organ
ized attack upon invested capital, and
both of them have a tendency toward
nationalization of railroads as the first
step toward the socialistic tendency
to nationalize all industries in the
United States."
Dusky Feminism.
Judge—Do you believe in divorce?
Liza—Yus, suh, I does.
Rastufl (interrupting)—How come
you believes in divorce, woman?
Liza—Well, It’s ibis way, Judge.
I soft a feels we need somethin’ to
keep us women In circulation!—Penn!
State Froth.
To Have a Cigar, Sweet Skin
Touch pimples, redness, roughness
or itching. If any, with Cutlcura Oint
ment, then bathe with Cutlcura Soap
and hot water. lUnse, dry gently and
dust on a little Cutlcura Talcum to
leave a fascinating fragrance on skis.
Everywhere 26c each.—Advertisement,
Real Naughty. 1
“Is the farmer in?” asks the World,
leaning negligently against Agricul
ture’s back door as It awaits the an
nual hand-out. “Yes—In debt—If that’s
what you mean,” snaps the farmer’s
wife as she slams the door briskly
and significantly, in the surprised
World’s face. Naughty! Naughty 1 To
treat the poor rich thing so 1—Hoard’s
A farmer hoy is naturnlly curious
to find out If he has talent for boiq»
thing besides farming. t
--- r
Conscience grows by practice.
Sure Relief i
ml IHPlGEST<°|y
’ Hot water
Sure Relief ,
I are usually due to strain- I
I ing when constipated. I
I Nujol being a lubricant r
I keeps the food waste soft and §|
1 therefore prevents strain- ||
I ing. Doctors prescribe Nujol K
1 because it not only soothes I
I the suffering of piles B
I relieves the irritation,br* S
I comfort and helm M
I move m
I medicine or ||
I cannot gripe. today. H
Death only a matter of short time.
Don’t wait until pains and aches
become incurable diseases. Avoid
painful consequences by taking
The world’s standard remedy for lddnejr)
liver, bladder and uric acid troubles—the
National Remedy of Holland since 1696.
Guaranteed. Three sizes, all druggists. __
Look for the name Gold Medal on essay
bos end accept no Imitation
Now la tho Time to Get Rid of These
Ugly Spots
There's no lonser the slightest nsed of
reeling ashamed of your freckles, aa Othlne
—double strength—la guaranteed to remove
theao homely spots.
Simply get an ounce of Othlne from any
druggist and apply a little of It night and
morning and you should soon see that oven
the worst freckles have begun to disappear,
while the lighter ones have vanished en
tirely, It Is seldom that more than aa
ounce la aetded to oompletsly dear the
skin, sad gain a beautiful, clear oomplextaa.
Be sure to ask for the double-strength
Othlne, as this Is sold under guar a* toe of
monsgr bank U U falls to remove Crackles.