Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 22, 1922)
NORTIT PLATTE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
IS BIG PROBLEM
Not Always Convenient to Haul
Fertilizer Directly to Fields
PUN TO PREVENT LEACHING
No Material Loss Sustained Where
Concrete Pit Is Employed In
Cases of Heating Loss of
Ammonia Takes Place.
' In providing for the storage of ma
nure during the periods when It Is lm
practical to tnke It directly to tho
fields for distribution the choice rests
between some form of shed, or over
head shelter, and some kind of n pit,
or reservoir. It may seem that these
quite different forms of storage imply
different theories In regard to han
dling the waste, slnco one leaves tho
.manure exposed to tlio elements while
tho other shelters nnd shields It from
rain and weather.
In making provision for temporary
storage of manure two things are
sought. The first Jfl to prevent the
-leaching away of soluble portions; the
second Is to eliminate heating in the
manure pile by crowding out the nlr
with moisture so that the bacteria
which cause heating will be denied
air from which they derive the oxygen
necessary for their work. Both the
pit and the overhead shelter accom
plish tho first of these. When a
concrete pit Is used it makes no dif
ference whether tho manure Is under
cover or not so far as leaching is con
cerned. The soluble portions cumin
get away In either case. When an
overhead shelter Is used, there will be
scant loss from leaching even If the
manure Is not stored upon a, concrete
floor, since tho litter will retain the
liquid porfjn of the excrement, while
the roof overhead will keep off the rain
which would cause the pile to leach.
Control Heat of Pile.
As for the second objective that of
controllings the heat of the pile the
pit Is supposed, theoretically, to take
care of this automatically through the
rain thnt falls upon Us exposed sur-
Don't Leave Manure in Piles Exposed
to Weather and Conditions Favor
able to Loss by Washing,
face. To ellmlnato heating It is only
necessary to crowd out the air In the
waste by moisture: Sometimes, how
ever, the amount of rainfall Is not
eullicient to keep filled the Interstices
of the pile. In 3uch cases heating en
sues and loss of ammonia takes place.
Wo have seen badly "flrcfanged"
manure in open pits, nowever, this
was due to neglect on the part of the
owner and might have occurred had
the manure been hold under cover.
The chief virtue of this last form of
storage is that it permits one to regu
late at will tho amount of moisture
that manure contains. In either case,
tho result will be the sume if the
manure Is not permitted to dry out.
With tho pit and the overhead shel
ter making for the same results tho
choice between them lies In other fac
tors, chief of which Is the matter of
hnndllng the manure when It Is re
moved. Unless n pit Is provided with
an underground cistern Into which the
liquids can pass the task of removing
the manure is apt to be anything but
agreeable or easy at certain times. It
is easier, also, to load manure into n
spreader when It does not have to be
elevated from a pit sunk below the sur
face of the earth. However, some pits
are so constructed that the spreader
can be driven Into them. Nome will
see in the extra equipment necessary
for handling of liquids an objection to
the pit equipped with a cistern. On
the other hand the use of liquid of
this kind on early crops Is sometimes
an advantage. All In all, while tho
ends served are the same, the choice
between a pit and an overhead shelter,
either in the form of a simple roof cov
ering or a more elaborate manure
house, is one of personal choice.
PREPARE LAND FOR ALFALFA
Desirable on Thin or Worn Soils to
vGreen Manure, Plow Deep and
It Is often desirable before seeding
alfalfa on "thin" or worn land to take
a year or two In preparing the soli
by green manuring, deep plowing, and
thorough cultivation; nlso liming when
necesHary, with the application, when
possible, of manure and phosphate fertilizer.
GIFTS FOR CHILDREN
Purebred Pig or Calf or Other
Animal Is Suggested.
Recent Questionnaire Study of Im
proved Stock Showed That Homo
Influence Is an Important
Factor Qovernlng Breeding.
(Prepared by the United States Department
In selecting birthday and Christina;
gifts for children In rural communities,
why not glvo a purebred pig, calf, 01
.other animal? This Is the suggestion ol
the United States Department of Agri
culture, which, with tho various states,
Is conducting tho "Better Sires Better
Stock" campaign. A recent question
imlre study of tho utility vulue of pure
bred live stock showed, among other
results, that homo Influence is an im
portant factor governing the breeding
A Club Girl and Her Prize Pig.
of superior domestic animals. In fact
It ranks in importance next to sales,
fairs and shows, taken collectively,
When parents show their Interest in
good stock the children aro more like
ly to do so.
One breeder told of receiving some
purebred live stock ns a wedding gift
from his father-in-law. That beginning
was nn Important Influence, which re
sulted In nn entire herd of well-bred,
profitable animals, a practical lnllu
once In the couple's prosperity und
Gifts of good live stock, the depart
ment points out, are not only accept
able In themselves but with proper
handling multiply and give pleasure,
satisfaction, and financial benefits for
an Indefinite period.
BEST STORAGE OF POTATOES
Only Tubers of High Quality Should
Be Put Into Cellar or Pit
If best results aro expected by stop
Ing potatoes, only potatoes of good
quality should be stored. Potatoes will
not Improve In storage but are more
liable to go down In qunllty. Many
storage troubles are tho result of pool
field conditions. Potatoes' should ha
left In the field n few hours after dig
ging to permit them to dry. Immature
potatoes will have to bo handled and
Potatoes may be stored in open bins
In a cool cellnr or burled In the ground.
If stored In n cellar, they should npt
be plied more than a foot deep. When
stored in layers deeper than this or In
socks, there is more danger of loss
Potatoes mny be burled in the
ground over winter. A shallow hole
about 0 to 12 Inches deep should be
dug and lined with nbout two lnchtjs of
straw. Tho potatoes should be placed
In the hole and covered with straw
and four or five Inches of soli. Ven
tilation should be provided In the same
manner as for storing other 'root
crops. As the weather getn colder,
place another layer of straw on t
mound and add sufllcicTjt soil to pre
vent the tubers from freezing.
AVOID SOFT-SHELLED EGGS
Usually Caused by Hens Btlng Too
Fat or Insufficient Supply of
The cause of soft-shelled eggs usu
ally Is that the hens nro too iat or do
not have sufficient food of a lime na
ture, or hnve been worried, or the ovi
duct Is not In a good healthy condi
tion, which may be caused by Inllain
motion brought on by overproduction
disease or injury. If fowls are toe
fat starve them down, furnish thera
with material for shells, keep doga
children and male fowls from cliaslnf
them, provide perches near tho ground,
feed lightly and use large quantltlel
of greens and vegetables rather than
MUCH ECONOMY IN BALED HAY
Convenient to Handle and Advantage
ous In Marketing Practice
A recont Investigation shows thai
In some utotes as many as 10 per cent,
or more, of tho farms are equipped
with lmy-balers and in many enses the
hay that Is stored and used on the
farm Is baled because of the increased
economy in storage and the conveni
ence in hnndllng.
While tho advantages in marketing
of hay and straw are the greatest ad
vantages obtained thus far from bal
"ng, the advantages of baling the ma
:erlais which are UHed on the place
varrant considering and tho practtco
BUTTER RATED FOR QUALITY
Producers Lose Much Money Because
of Imperfect Conditions and
Methods In Making.
(Prepared by the United Statu Department
If you are a producer or manufac
turer of butter, wero you disappointed
in the price you received for thnt last
shipment? Quality Is the chief factor
In determining butter prices, and ac
cording to United States Department
of Agriculture circular 230, Just Issued,
even small defects In quality may re
sult In the loss of a sale or a cut In
Several million dollars annually ar
lost to producers and manufacturers
because of Imperfect conditions and
methods In production, manufacture
and marketing of dairy products, the
circular states. During 1020 the mar
ginal difference In the prices of high
and low quality butter amounted at
times to as much ns 15 cents between
87 score and 02 score. Lack of
proper attention or care In the cream
cry In grading tho cream, or In churn
ing, worklug, salting or packing tho
butter nre stated to be mainly respon
sible for this condition.
The circular enumerates and de
scribes the various factors such as
flnvor, body, color, salt and package
that Influence price. These factors
nro given specific ratings by local and
federal butter Inspectors, and receiv
ers, in determining the final score of
the product, and the ratings aro gov
erned by the absence or presence of
certain defects described In the circu
lar. It Is stated that there has never
before been a time In the history of
American butter making when It paid
so well to produce high-quality butter
as during recent yenrs. But to secure
Taking Butter From Churn.
nn active demand and the largest net
return not only high quality and uni
formity of the product are necessary,
but a knowledge of market require
ments and good marketing methods
Circular 2.'10, entitled "Defects in the
Quality of Butter," bus been prepared
so that producers and manufacturers
may know precisely how butter Is
rated for quality in tho markets, and
how the defects which lower the price
may be obviated. Copies of the circu
lar can bo obtained free upon re
quest to the United States Department
of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
Influence of Breed
The breed of a dairy cow has
a distinct Influence on the water
content of her milk. For ex
ample, Jersey milk as an aver
age contains 14.7 per cent total
solids, of which 5.35 per cent Is
fat, while llolsteln milk con
tains, on the average, 11.85 per
cent totnl solids, of which 8.42
per cent 'is butterfat. In other
words every 100 pounds of Jer
sey milk contains 85 pounds of
water, while every 100 pounds
of llolsteln milk contains 88
pounds of water. Tho differ
ence in feeding vnlue amounts
to 2.G1 pounds of milk solids per
100 pounds of milk in favor of
There's Money in Milking.
The greatness of the dairy industry
Is more npprecintetl now tlmn for sev
eral years pasL Dairying actually
shows a gain during the past year of
several hundred million dollars, while
most of the other farm branches show
losses into the billions.
Hepluelng tho low producing cowh
with better ones and Inter with pure
breds Is only one of the wuys In which
a dnlry improvement association helps
Proper Feed for Carves.
After a calf Is four weeks old It
must have bulk In Its ration, skim
milk and grnln will not nourish It
properly. At this ago the calves
should have all the clover or alfalfa
buy they want.
Weed Out Unprofitable Cows.
Even In tho leading dairy Btntes,
probably one-fourth or more of the
dairy cows fall to pay for their care
nnd feed, due chiefly (o the fact that
the owners do not know which return
a profit and which are "boarders."
BULL WRECKS HOME,
Animal Chases Crowd of Men
and Boys and Then Plays
Havoo With House.
Baltimore. A runaway bull coming
from nobody knows where vn ax a
rampage to South went Baltimore.
Ghnacxl by a crowd of men nnd boys,
he finally dashed Into n residence,
which he partly wrecked, nnd then
disappeared nobody knows where.
The house In which he sought ref
uge v.ns occupied by Lewis A. Nash
and his family. The bull drovo
through the back door, knocking It
from Its hinges nnd crashing into a
gas stove, which he pushed out of lit
In the next room he found the fnm.
lly, who Immediately evacuated. Going
Wrought Destruction Right and Left
next Into the front room, the invnder
wrought destruction right nnd left.
lie tore into the wall with his horns,
ruining the wallpaper. lie smashed a
!arge mirror. Chairs and tnbles wero
upturned, vases broken, nnd still the
marauder showed no Inclination to de
part. Finally, some one entered the open
buck door and canie up behind tho bull
and drove him Into the streot. Outrun
ning a pursuing crowd, tho animal disappeared.
PREDICTS OWN DEATH; KILLED
Guests Do Not Heed Host's Remark,
Which Comes True on the
Now York. Arthur Van Ohlen,
twenty-five, of Llttlo Ferry, N. J., and
another man were burned by steam
and suffocated to death beneath the
boilers at the Continental Paper com
pany plant In Kogota, N. J. Van Ohlen
had a premonition of death the night
before, when ills sister was entertain
ing a pnrty of friends nt their home.
Tho party was' playing curds, and
Van Ohlen's sister, Helen, won two
games. Van Ohlen, who had lost,
leaned toward her and said laugh
ingly, "Kiss me, sinter, I'll be dcud
tomorrow." Others in the party guvo
the remark no heed, but when word of
Van Ohlen's death readied his home
the sister recalled it
OWL STEALS HENHOUSE KEYS
This Occurred In the Poultry Grounds
of the Oregon State Hospital
for the Insane.
Salem, Ore. Hoot owls like chicken
meat and a hoot owl hns a key to the
henhouse at the State Hospital for
the Insane. Also the owl has tho key
thnt unlocks the switch on the automo
bile of A. D. Zlnser, superintendent
of the poultry ynrds.
It happened like this:
Zlnser heard the hoot owl hoot.
He feared for tho chicks. Not having
a gun or n rock at hnnd, he took a
heavy bunch of keys from his pocket,
crept within throwing distance of the
owl, nnd let drive.
The keys went wild nnd dropped
Into the grass. The owl flitted from
the tree, picked up the keys, and disappeared,
, Awake to Find House '
J Is Sliding Down Hill '
t Wenntchee, Wash. George A. t
J Houber of Peshastln and his J
t family woke one morning to find
J that the whole house, together '
t with the lund surrounding it, was
' steadily moving down the hill
and headed toward the top of
t nn embankment several hundred '
feet high. Mr. and Mrs, Uau- '
t ber, awakened at the same time '
on noticing an unusual sound, '
t succeeded, in getting the' other t
members of the family out of
t the house without difficulty. The t
house slid on down for n ills- '
t tance of 150 feet and lodged In t
an Irrigation ditch, which pre-
t vented it from going, over the
Few of us chew our
food enough. Hasty
meals are harmful, but
Wrigley's stimulates the
flow of saliva that helps
the stomach fake care
of its load
Eat less, chew I! more
and use WrlgUey's alder
It keeps teeth white,
breath sweet and com
hats acid mouth.
Till la YVrlclMr. nn
nfiipcrmlni t.liciTlnr meet,
uriucinc me riciey uo
llffht and beneflU to you
In a new form.
The Flavor Lasts
L Wheat GrowinlCatfleRaisM
TT - tct m.r. s-v - .
ana a xiaypy kiuiuc uj zour uwn "svv
Prosperous Farms and Happy Homes await those who are KsS
desirous of enlarging their present resources and securing for
tliAmclvAQ linmpa In n rmintrv flint- whllA vof In Ito Infnnnv lino
mntfo irsplf fnmnua liv flip nn.ilitv of fha rrain it nrnrlnrja nnrl hv Ihn V
excellence of its live stock.
bicb:c are rouuuros uz agtci a
of the highest class of soil available for the man whose object in life Is to become his
own landlord, and who wishes to share in the opportunity which has Riven wealth to '
the thousands of Americans who, having started on Western Canada farms with but
rmall means, are now writing home to their friends, telling of what they have done.
Lands arcchcap and homesteads farther from lines of railway are free to settlers.
Upon these lands can be grown the best of wheat, oats, barley, flax, grass, bay, fodder
. -i' S-jfJty 1 Cattle winter In most places without
' I BIIPLLCI : LI IVUIU la, 1111:111V BUU.EH31I11.
Taxes only upon land (not on Im
provements). Perfect climate, attrac
tive social conditions, good neighbors,
churches, schools, telephones, excel
lent markets and shipping facilities.
For lllaitrttsd lltt rttara.mipi.dMCtHp
tion ot lin opportonltlM In Uinltobo,
&MkttchM, Albert ud DritltbColotB
It. reduced rsllwsy rttm. stc, writ, to
W. V. BENNETT
300 Peter's Trait Bids.. Onuuu, Nek
Authsrlxtd Acnt Dopt. ot
Immigration and ColonliaUon,
Dominion ot Canada.
Watch Her Step.
"Sho called mo n cat." "Lot it
pass." "I won't let It pasal" "Do
you propose, my dear, to prove she's
Ice Boats Haul Twenty.
When waterways aro frozen In Fin
land twenty passengers can be carried
nt a time In an Inclosed Ico hont that
1b drawn by an nerlal propeller.
For Heal Economy
in the Kitchen Use
The Economy BAKING POWDER
A Big Time and Money Saver
When you bake
with Calumet you
know there will be
no loss or failures.
That's why; it is far
less expensive than
some other brands
selling for less.
The sale of Calumet ia
over 150 greater
than that of any other
Don't bo led into taking Quantity for Quality
Calumet has proven to be best by test in millions of
homes every bake-day. Largest selling brand in the
world. Contains only such ingredients as have been
officially approved by U. S. Pure Food Authorities.
THE WORLD'S GREATEST BAKING POWDER
BEST BT TEST
Powered by Open ONI