The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, September 26, 1922, Image 7
NORTH PLATTE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. s GROW BUCKWHEAT ON POORER LAND Survive and Give Fair Re turn on Soils Too Thin for Other Crops. NiTROGEN IS BIG ESSENTIAL Care Must Be Exercised In Applying Material, as Crop Is Subject to Lodging In Seasons of Abundant Rainfall. Since buckwheat Is considered n "poor land'' crop, It will survive and often she n fair return on laud too poor for corn, oats nnd clover, many farmers have discovered. Buckwheat requires considerable ni trogen for its maximum growth. Even though Its period of growth comes at the season when the soil Is furnishing uvnllable nitrogen most rapidly, still on very poor soils n light application Buckwheat Is an Excellent Crop for Poor, Thin Lands, Climatic Condi tlons Being Favorable. of farm manure or a little nitrogenous fertilizer Is desirable. Care Is neces sary in supplying nitrogenous mate' rial to buckwheat, however, as the crop is subject to lodging, particularly In seasons of abundant rainfall. Phosphoric Acid Needed. Like the true cereals, buckwheat re sponds to a liberal application of phos phoric acid. This Is particularly true In New York, since the soils of the buckwheat section are unlvcrsully de ficient In phosphorus. It also seems to respond to potash. This Is to be ex pected, since the poorest soils have been drained of their available potash. While the total supply of potash Is adequate, soils seeded to buckwheat are often those which have not been well treated In the past, and. as n re sult not only has the organic matter been depleted, but at the same time the rate at which the potash becomes available has been much retarded. Lime Is not needed, since buckwheat Is tolerant of soil acidity. To Fertilize This Season. Taking all of these factors Into con sideration as well as fertilizer costs, the prime essential In the fertilization of buckwheat this season Is an appli cation of 200 to 400 pounds to the acre of acid phosphate, the soils work ers at the New York State College of Agriculture say. On very thin soils, where manure Is not available, In ad-, dltlon to the acid prosphate 50 to 100 pounds of nitrate of soda or sulphate of ammonia, and 25 to 50 pounds of muriate of potash may be used. , CONSERVING HAY IN MANGER Horse With Chronic Habit of Nosing Out Feed Under His Feet Is Decided Nuisance. A neighbor once owned a horse with a chronic habit of nosing most of the hay out of the manger and under his feet as soon as It had been thrown down. An animal with this trnlt Is both a nuisance and useless expense. ,lfalfa, clover and some other hays are not so easily removed, but wild hay can be easily tossed' out. " This farmer resorted to a simple means to stop this unnoyance. A green log about four Inches In diameter wfls cut short enough to drop 4nt0 t,ie munger without touching either of the 'eed boxes. This was supported, when outside, by two ropes, each tied through the halter-rope holes and around one end of the log. After the manger has been filled the log Is thrown Into It, onto the hay. There Is plenty of room for the horse to eat, yet there Is no possibility of the feed being thrown out. The device cured the animal mentioned of his bad habit In about four weeks. GIVE ALFALFA GOOD CHANCE Crowns of Plant Are Likely to Be Injured If Hog or Other Stock Is Turned in Too Soon. After the alfalfa crop has been cut or hay, hogs or other stock should not bo, turned In too soon. The crowns of the plant are likely to be Injured If the stock Is given n chance to eat: the young tender shoots too closely. Often this close feeding per manently Injures, or even kills, the plants. Let It have a good start If you Intend pasturing. It Is better prac tice, however, to provide other crops for pasturage and use the alfalfa for hay. PUREBRED CAMPAIGN STARTED BY SURVEY Many Methods Used to Carry on Better-Sires Movement. Steuben County, Indiana, Organized by Sections by County Agent Posters Showing Value of Im proved Sires Were Used. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture) A variety of methods arc being em ployed to carry on the bettor-sires campaign which the United States De partment of Agriculture has been vig orously promoting In all parts of tho country. In Steuben county, Indiana, n livestock survey was taken as tho first step In this campaign. Under tho leadership of T. A. Parker, the county agent, tho county was partially organized by sections nnd returns were secured from COO farms, repre senting one-half of the total number In the area. As the reports were made from farms In all parts of the county, the percentages may be taken us un average. The dgurcs show that of the bulls kept 27 per cent were purebreds, 83 per cent grades, and 40 per cent scrubs; of the boars kept 20 per cent were purebreds, 30 per cent grades, and 44 per cent scrubs; of the rnms 42 per cent were purebreds, 30 per cent grades, and 22 per cent scrubs. Twenty-three per cent of the poultry wns of pure breeding, the remainder being mixed stock. With these figures at hand, the general livestock associa tion of tho county began a purebred sires cnmpalgn, using posters and lit erature supplied by the United States Department of Agriculture, and hold ing local meetings at which talks, showing the value of purebred sires, were given. DIP ALL CATTLE REGULARLY Quickest and Most Effective Way of Getting Rid of Ticks Is Sys tematic Treatment. (Prepared by the United Statea Department of Agriculture.) "llow long Jo we have to dip?" Judging from numerous reports re ceived by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture the question of length of dipping Interests the major ity of live stock owners In areas quar antined because of cSttle ticks. Tho department's answer Is "one or sev eral years, depending on how you dip." Naturally cattle owners wish to com plete tick eradication In the shortest possible time and at least c6st and In convenience. The experience of the department In eradicating ticks from half a million square miles shows conclusively that regular systematic dipping of all cattle every 14 days la the quickest means. Damage Done by Ticks on Young Heifer. Failure of even a few cattle owners to dip all their cattle may undo the ef forts of their neighbors who bring all the cattle to the vats on schedule. The bureau of animal Industry, United States Department; of Agriculture, will supply on request full Information for completing tick eradication In the shortest time one season when direc tions nrc faithfully followed. HANDLING OF GUMBO SOILS Effective Methods Being Developed by Farmers on Milk River Recla mation Project. More effective methods of handling gumbo soils are being developed by some of the farmers on the Milk River reclamation project In Montana, saya the United States Department of Ag riculture. One conclusion Is that In Irrigating this kind of noil the water should be applied frequently and in small quantities. Much trouble In get ting crops started may be overcome by adopting n regular habit of fall plow ing. The seeding of such soils to ei ther yellow or white sweet clover in some cuses Is proving a means of sup plying humus and for getting grain oi alfalfn started later. WORK OF EXTENSION AGENTS Detailed Summary of Demonstrations In Home Management and Ar rangement Is Given. Extension agents working with farm women In 1021 gave 11,000 demonstra tions In home management and ar rangement. Results from these dem onstrations reported to the United States Department of Agriculture In cluded 12,500 homes built or remod eled, according to demonstration sug gestions, 7,000 kitchens rearranged (15,000 homes screened, and 5,000 wnt systems, 4,000 septic tankB. and " lighting systems Install'' DAIRY FACTS USE MORE REGISTERED SIRES Notable Progress Is Reported In Move ment to Replace Scrub Bulls With Purebreds. (Prepared by the United Statea Department of Agriculture.) There Is every renfion to believe that the replacement of scrub nnd grade sires by purebreds Is on the Increase Reports received by the United State Department of Agriculture from coun ty agents In various parts of tho coun-" try show thnt the "Better Sires Bet ter Stock" movement Is having a noticeable effect. A recent statement by M. G. Lewis, county agent of Rockbridge county, Vn., Is typical of a large number. "The purebred bull movement" Bays Mr. Lewis, "Is progressing rap Idly. Since January 1, 10 farmers hnvo disposed of grade or scrub bulls and are using registered bulls Instead. On the other hand, there arc no less than 50 men in tho county who still persist In holding out against the progress nnd development of the llvo stock In terests of tho county by keeping Infe rior grade or scrub bulls. I have n list of 50 owners of such hulls. Somo Df these men have grades that nre fairly good Individuals, while others have scrubs that are the worst kind of a disgrace to the community nnd to tho county. "The cost of n good registered bull Is so small now thnt It la a mystery why any farmer will keep anything Better Dairying Result Vvnere Sires Like Tins Are Used. else. Many records have been kept during the last few years to prove out the actual value of a purebred bull in dollars and cents." Some of these 'actual figures were obtained recently by the Department of Agriculture through nn Inquiry sent out to more than 500 farmers throughout the United States. These men gave it as their opinion thnt In all kinds of farm stock purebreds have an earning power more than 40 per cent better than common stock. It is noteworthy that in tho case of dairy cattle, whose productive power can bo easily measured, purebreds were con sidered to be 47.8 per cent better than common cows. The lowest percentage given for any kind of stock wns 30.8 per cent. FLIES DECREASE MILK YIELD Spraying Furnishes Means of Reliev ing Cow For the Time and Saves Temper of Milker. Tho Irritation of cows caused by flies not only lcs3ens the milk pro duced, but, due to the restlessness of the cows, Is a frequent cause of In efficient milking. The fly spray furnishes a means of relieving tho cow for n tlmo nt least and of saving the temper of the milk ers. The following fly repcllant mix ture Is recommended: Four nnd one-half quarts of coal tai dip, 4 quarts of fish oil, 3 quarts of whale oil, l1 quarts of oil of tar and ounce of oil of pennyroyal. Dis solve 3 pounds of luundry soap in water, add the Ingredients of the spray and bring the whole up to 30 gallons with lukewarm water. This quantity will spray 40 cows twice a day for 10 days. The spruy should be upplled In the morning after milking and In the afternoon when the cows are In the barn for silage or green feed. RELIABLE SOURCE OF PROFIT Dairy Cow Is More Dependable Than Beef Steer Because Her Prod ucts Are Steady. Tho dairy cow Is a more depend able source of prollt than tho beef Bteer, because her products are but slightly nffected by market fluctua tions nnd because she Is n continu ous source of revenue, for the cream or milk checks come In at frequent In tervals. Then, too, there Is an In creasing demand for dairy products and for grade and purebred dairy cattle. Most Profitable Cow. One good cow Is more profitable than several poor ones. Sterilize Milk Utensils. For the proper sterilization of dnlry ntnslls an abundance of steam or hot water Is needed. Immerse them In boiling water for two minutes, or put thorn In a tight closet and thoroughly sterilize with steam for thirty min utes. Way to Improve Dairy. Replacing the low-producing cows with better ones and later with pure breds Is only one of the ways In which a dairy improvement association helps a community. Zoo Bear Gets Loose, Crowd Fleos in Panic Poughkccpsle. Billy, n black boar, who has been In tho zoo here for only a few months, es caped from his cage nnd started In the general direction of his former hoie In the Michigan woods. Children nt play In tho park saw Billy und scattered, screaming, In nil directions. Their yells attracted John Schnumberger, the keeper,' and employees of the board of pub lic works. Billy finally wns lassoed and returned to his quarters. Billy had mado his escnpo once before, but when his keeper went to look for him Billy had been so taken up with watching n cage full of brightly colored pheasants that ho had goue no ' further. DISMISSED SLEUTH LANDS HIS MAN Detective, Fired Because of Pris oner's Escape, Pays Own Expenses in Chase. Pittsburgh. Patrick E. Moran, dis charged detective of tills city, handed back to cheated justice a prize that had been sought In the crime centers of Philadelphia, New York City, and Paris, Franco, when, In Wllkes-Barre, Pa., ho caused tho arrest of Itocc Deplppo, alleged master crlnilnnl, whose escape caused Moran's dis missal from tho Pittsburgh force threo years ago after sensational charges of graft had been made against him. When Deplppo escaped, Moran took up tho chase on his own Initiative, paid all his own expenses In tracing the man from city to city, nnd, when ho had cornered his prize, stepped aside to enable WIlkes-Barro officers to make the arrest and claim the re ward. Moran wanted only to prove that he had been falsely branded 'when he wns accused of permitting Deplppo tQ escnpe. Deplppo faces In Pittsburgh Indict ment on a total of 38 counts for burg lary and other charges. Moran's orig inal warrant wns served on Deplppo In Cherbourg, France. After being re turned to Pittsburgh, nnd released on ball, Deplppo escaped, due, It was said, to Moran's connivance. Deplppo now nsserts that he had accomplices, but they were not connected with the police department, nnd he absolves Moran from any assistance In his es cape. Moran took up the chnso after hit dismissal, and during Us many turns Caught Deplppo In Wllkes-Barre. he traveled through most of the East ern states, nnd parts of France and England, He caught Deplppo In Wllkes-Barre Just as tho famotiH crim inal was making ready for another dash to Europe. SW0RDFISH PIERCES A BOAT Schooner's Crew Fights Four Hours as Monster Tears Planking of Vessel, ' Boston, Mass. A four-hour battle With a 850-pound swordftsh off tho Georges bank was described by the crew of the fishing schooner N.voda, which arrived with the fish and a holo in her planking as exhibits in support of tho tale. Capt. Charles Nelsen, said the mon ster tore a three-Inch gash In the schooner's planking a foot above the water line. Lightning Sealed Youth's Mouth. Portland, Me. When lightning struck a building In which ho was sit ting, Thomas O. Crocker, wns unable to open his mouth, his Jaws having be come rigid. Companions had a hard tlmo to force open his Jnws. The boy was well, with the exception of a headache, when a physician arrived. Ills companions' quick action saved Crocker from serious Illness or death, the doctor snld. rmiHTirimiHi i I I iiirnTTTimTiTiMnmTtngi I I I 11 I ,. i rrrrnnn. RIGLEfS The Perfect Made of purest materials In. modern, sanitary, sun-lit factories No expense spared to make it wholesome and full of flavor Wax-vvrapped and scaled to keep it good: WRIGLEY'S is bound to be the best that can be made! It's good arid good for you aiding digestion m whitening teeth clearing breath Soothing to over wrought nerves and a general pick-me-up. Must Be Well Dressed. "She wants u now gown." "What for?" "She's going to sing ovor tho radio next week und she couldn't think of lppcarlng -for all those people In a gown 8ho hns already worn twice." Detroit Free Press. Peculiar1 "Freak" of Nature. By n curious "freak" of nature, In sects which are most beautiful when fully developed, nro ofton tho most repulsive In tho grub stage. Just mix Al&bastine with water cold or hot and apply to any interior sur face. The sure result is beautifully tinted walls in exactly the color you wish. AJabastine conies in all standard colors and these intermix to form count less others so that your decorating taste may be accurately followed. tfflL afla Instead ofKalsomine or Wall Paper There's a man in this town who sells KEY OVERALLS. Ask him to show you salt. Extra quality. Better workmanship. Cotts uay give your ln telling you 'Chew it after every meaP Gum Reoord Grain Elevator. Tho largest grain elevator In the. world was built at Minneapolis Junc tion, Minn., In 18SG. The building In miO feet long, 02 feet wide nnd 17(1 feet high, with a storing capacity fot 2,000,000 bushels of grain. Marriage in Haste. "What do you think Is tho cnuso of so muny unhappy marriages?" "Too many peoplo nro married be fore they get sense enough to stnjr Blnglc." Miami lierald. None gtnume without tho CroMi and Circl printmd in red. to wear worn, uuy them. II they full sadsfaction, take them back and money back or a new pair Freal To" till fa, DO, Miktn.Kliui tltj. B.