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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 15, 1922)
THE NORTTT PLATTE STJMT-WEEKLY TRTBUNE
Mcasuro May Yet bp Dofoatod
by Possible Veto of the
RESERVE OFFICERS TO MEE1
It is Expected 1,500 Will Attend thf
Second Annual Convention at
Omaha Next Month.
Washington. The nonate passed
the soldiers bonus bill by a vote ol
47 to 22.
Notwithstanding the overwhelming
nature of the vote In fuvor of the
bill, it beenmo apparent through a
careful analysis of the roll cull and
itlio "pairing" announcements thnt the
.measure can not bo passed ovet
President Harding's expected veto.
Fifteen of those "paired" or absent
would have cast their votes in favot
of the bill. These added to the re
.corded vote of 47, would give the
Iprobonus forces a maximum strength
iOf 02, or two less than tho two-thirds
i required to override n presidential
On the other hand, 12 "paired" oi
inbsent would liavo voted against the
bill. Thcso added to the 22 recorded
dn the negative would glvo the nnti
bonus faction 111 votes or one more
ithun the number required to sustain
til voto. Tho bill now goes to con
ference. Tho purposo of the bill ns set
iforth by tho finance committee, "Is
to glvo the soldier who offered his
lifo with his sorvlce, a compensation
that will more nearly approach the
'labor which remained at home. Its
benefits aro limited to those below
tho grado ol captain In the army or
(marine corps and lieutenant In tho
navy. Tho bill gives nn adjusted
jservlco credit of $1 a day for each
day's Bervlco In tho United States
Innd $1.2 for each day's service over
isoas or afloat after deducting $00
which was paid to ex-scrvico men
jwhen .they woro being demobilized.
Tho credit can not exceed $025 in tho
icnse of overseas service and $500 In
the case of homo service.
Reserve Officers Meet at Omaha.
Omaha, Neb, Fifteen hundred ro
tecrvo officers, ranking nil tho way
from second lieutenants to full-fledged
colonels, will attend the second an
nual convention of tho Seventh Corps
Area Iteservo Officers association
which will meet In Omaha September
18 to 20, lncluslvo, according to n
(Statement by Dr. E. M. Barnes, chair
man of tho reception committee.
Tiro asfloclution embraces ofllcern
of tho world war from Missouri,
South and North Dakota, Minnesota,
Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and Arkan
. According to tho prosont plans of
'tho committee, Hnnford MacNIdor,
nationnl commander of tho American
.Legion; Brigadier (jcnernl II. .7. Noil
ly, editor of tn0 Army & Navy Jour
(rial; Theodore lloosovolt, assistant
'secretary of tho navy; Colonel Cos
by of tho Military Twining Camps
'association of the United States, and
other nationally known military men
wilt bo in attendance and deliver ad
dresses. Major General Francis Ker
nan, commander of the Seventh
Corps area, will also speak.
A military ball, banquet at tho
iFontcnclle, a visit to the Ak-Snr-Bcn
'raceR, nnd n parade through tho down
'town district will be somo of the
entertainment features of the occasion.
To Reopen Fifty-four Mines.
Pittsburgh. Tho Pittsburgh coal
producers' association has accepted
tho terms of tho Cleveland agreement
land signed a supplemental agreement
hvlth tho United Mlno Workers' organ.
ligation to Immediately reopen fifty
four mines, employing more than
Business Men Jotn Police Force.
Ilavclock, New. Three business men
and four more striking shopmen lmve.
augmented Ilavelock's police forco In
an effort to curb strikers, who wore
warned by Governor McKelvlo In
person that tho noxt ovort act com
inlttcd meant calling of troops and
establishment of murttal law.
Chattanooga Gets Next Convention.
los Angeles, Cal. Antlnlo O. En
tensa of Detroit, was elected com
inander-in-chlcf of tho Spanish war
veteranB at their twenty-fourth annual
reunion and encampment In progress
here. The 102U convention was award
cd to Chattanooga, Tcnn.
Koine. Itnly'8 reported pious for
a rapprochement with Austria nlong
economic lines havo proven abortive.
Tho propo8ol for an economic nnd
customs union between the two no
tlons bus broken down.
Federal Sanction to Exposition.
Washington. President Hording
signed tho congressional resolution
giving federal sanction to tho scsqul
centennial exposition to be held In
Philadelphia in 1020 and providing
tor an invitation to foreign uattons
England's War Widows Remarrying
London. Of tho 230.000 women in
England who received pensions from
tho government becauso their bus
bands fell in tho war, 74,000 havo ro-
ORDERS ALL TRAINS TO MOVE
Leaguo of Natlona Will Face Roal
Test of Strength at Next Meet
ing of Powers.
Washington. Following a cabinet
discussion, wherein reports of strike
sabotage and disorders were consider
ed, Attorney General Daugherty dis
patched the following telegram to all
United States district attorneys.
"In cases where injunctions have
been violated, you are instructed un
der tho direction of the court, to
promptly and vigorously prosecute
tho violators and urge tho court to
make sentences suillrlently heavy to
provent u repetition of such violation?
uud ns a deterrent to others.
"Transportation and tho malls must
no longer be Interfered with and tho
laws must be enforced Impressively,
Report on nil such proceedings to me."
It was also announced at the De
partment of Justice, trainmen, who
deserted trains in the California des
ert, wore to be prosecuted und IJlrnni
C. Todd of New York has been np
pointed by the attorney general to
represent tho department In these
To Face First Real Test.
London. A dispute, while on the
faco of it of but trilling moment, will
come before the league of nations at
Its next meeting, in which for tho
ilrst time one of tho great European
powers has brought beforo that body
another of its members, charging It
with alleged high handed action in
dealing with its subjects In French
territory nt Tunis, and a real test
of the efficiency of the organization
will be brought out. The case is of
Interest because It Involves the sub
ject of n nation's right to protect its
nationals abroad. Ths is n right of
which Great Britain nlways has been
very Jealous. There are several
thousand Maltese traders in nnd out
of Tunis who arc British subjects.
Banklna Business Falllna Off.
Washington. Serious effect which
strikes are having on business Is in
dicated by a federal reserve board
statement. For tho week ending
August 23, business In important
banking centers, ns measured by bank
debits, showed decline of $500,000,000
or 0.4 percent from the previous week.
Total business was $7,400,000,000.
All larger cities, with exception of
Detroit, Dnllos and New Orleans,
Bhow a decrease.
Many Fatalities from Wood Alcohol.
New York. Wood nlwhol peddled
as whisky caused 180 deaths rnd
twenty-two cases of blindness In
twenty-ono states during tho first six
months of 1022, according to report
from tho National Committee for tho
Prevention of Blindness. Moro than
half of tho 180 fatalities wero In New
l'ork, New Jorsey and Pennsylvania.
Oldest Living Farmer Located.
Aurora, 111. Georgo Elklns, nlnety-
aoven yeurs old of Buncombe, 111., was
selected as tho winner of tho prlzo
offered by tho central states fair for
clio oldest man actually engaged in
farming, Elklns submitted alllduvlb
lo show ho was nctlvoly engnged in
unnlng his farm on which ho lived
for soventy-llvo years.
forking to Rescue Entombed Miners.
Jackson, Cal. Rescue crows, work
ing In six-hour shifts, and putting
every iota of energy that they can
;ommand into their work, are clear
ing out a cavod-in tunnel leading from
tho Kennedy to tho Argonaut mine In
tho hopo of rescuing 47 miners trap
ped by a flro In tho main Argonaut
.sks Return of State's Sliver Service.
Lincoln. Governor McKelvlo has
asked the return of tho silver sorvlce
of tho battleship Nebraska from the
Maro Island navy yard to Lincoln as
a loan to tho state. Arrangements
are being made to cx:iltlt tho sllvct
sorvtco and trophies formerly on tho
Additional Postal Clerks for Omaha.
Omaha. Tho Postofllco department
has authorized tho uppolntment of 31
additional clerks at this point, effect
ive September 1.
Woslrlngton. Without n record voto
tho senato Juis approved tho use of
the Interest on tho foreign debt in
(Inanclhg tho soldiers' bonus.
Washington. Federal control of coal
prices nnd of distribution of fuel by
volunteer organizations has stopped
pending passngo of emergency legist
latlon by congress. Expiration of tho
fair price agreement with non-union
?oul operators, was announced by
Federal Fuel Distributor Sfoncer, who
said tho various districts and general
committees of tho emergency fuel
organization will cease to function
this week. Until then, Mr. Spcncec
said tho organization will bo busy
cleaning up tho orders now on its
1U21 Healthiest Year In History.
Now York.y-Tho year 1021, accord'
lug to tho records of thlrty-sovon In
surunco companies, comprising figures
for 27,000,000 lives, was tho healthiest
year In tho wholo history of the
United States and Canada.
Washington. Ap order Instructing
postmasters throughout tho country to
utop delivery of mall at every dwell
Ing house not having a slot or box
for moll at tho front door has been
issued by Assistant Postmaster Gen
Slate Pickers at Work.
(Propr1 by the National Ooonrnohln So
ciety, Whlnton, D. (' )
Coal is one of the vital factors In
modern civilization that is taken for
grunted. It Is only when the priceless
black stream thut flows to our cities
und factories threatens to dry up thnt
the uverago person gives thought to
the Importance, magnitude and com
plexity of tho coal Industry.
Tho first thing that Impresses one
who studies the coal sltuutlnn In Amer
ica Is the well-nigh Inconceivable pro
portions of tho nation's demands for
fuel. The highest point in coal produc
tion was reached In 1018, the last year
of the World war, when slightly moro
than 000,000.000 tons were mined. But
in the year immediately preceding and
In 1020 the production was little short
of that amount. So huge Is this figure
thnt It were almost us futile to use
tons us units ns to measure tho dis
tance around the earth In Inches.
About tho only way In which ono can
vlsuullze this demand is to build a
mental bin capable of holding enough
to meet the national need. If this bin
were made with each of Its four sides
mensurlng a thousand feet, it would
have to be moro than 27,000 feet high
almost twice as high as Pikes Peak.
Or,. If the fuel were put into a coal
pile of normal slope, with n base of
20 feet, that pile would have to be
nearly 80,000 miles long more than
three times around the earth.
A visit to a modern colliery in the
anthracite region is nn impressive ex
perience. Depending on its size and
the labor nvallable, It will bring from
one to two full tralnlouds of coal up
out of the bowels of tho earth every
day, put tho coal through the breaker,
where tho sltcep of fuel are separated
from tho gonts of slate and culm, nnd
load It Into tho cars ready for market.
Colliery In Anthracite Region.
We shall bo safe even If wo go down
a thousand feet into tho earth and
roam about in an underground planta
tion whoso area may be Judged by the
fact that there aro 85 miles of railroad
track in It.
There are some things on top of the
ground that will be oven moro Inter
esting to us when wo go-below par
ticularly tho hoisting engine and the
ventilating fan, for without tho one wo
would not bo ublo to rldo back to day
light, and without tho other wo would
stand a chance of being "gassed" in
times of peace.
The giant fans fly around with a
rim speed of a mile u minute, two of
them, with a third in reserve for emer
gencies. If It were not for those fans
the air In the mine would become so
laden whh gas and dust that (f It did
not explode and transform the whole
mine Into n churnel house. It would
develop choke-damp and suffocate us,
Every mine has two shafts the
hoisting shaft and the air shaft. In
order to keep tho air in' the mine free
enough from gas to permit mtners to
work In safety, enormous quantities
of fresh air must bo sent down the
one shaft and corresponding quantities,
gas-laden, drawn out of tho other.
. It may very well be Imagined that a
mine with enough tunneling to call
for 85 miles of railroad track needs
a great deal of air, and that this air,
to reach every part, must cross Us own
path many times. Just us a man, cover
ing all four sides of every block In a
city, would havo to cross his own
tracks. In the mines this Is accom
plished like a rullroad crossing by
bridge Instead of at grade. When a
crossing point Is reached, there Is a
tunnel opened up through the solid
rock above the roof of the mine, nnd
through this tho air rushes at right
angles to its former direction.
To get the air properly distributed,
It is necessary to make splits, so that
the current cun be divided and sent In
to different sections of the mine. These
air splits are doors which permit only
half of the ulr coming their way to
pass. Tho remainder must find some
other way through.
Wo step on tho "cage" or lift, tho
mine superintendent presses a button,
and tho hoisting engineer is notified
thut wo ore ready to go down. Sud
denly the cage seems to drop; then It
peems to stop, and tho walls of the
shaft appear fairly to fly upward past
us. Up, up, up they fly, disclosing
this stratum of rock and then that.
Planned Like a City.
Arriving at tho bottom, we soon find
that a coal mine Is plnnned like a city.
There Is one main street, or entry, and
It has been laid out with the nicety of
a grand boulevard. Parallel with this
are the other entries, and across these
entries run other streets, nt right an
gles usually, which are called headings.
Lining all these headings ns houses lino
tho streets are the chambers, or rooms,
in which the miners work.
When we btop nt tho bottom we feel
ourselves In a small-sized hurricane.
It is the air rushing down the shaft
and starting through the mlno on Its
mission of purification. Setting out
down the main entry, along a railroad
track, we soon, hear a clanging bell
nnd a whistle, and presently there
looms out of the darkness a yellow
light. As It approaches, we see the
outlines of what appears to be a long,
round boiler creeping along the rails;
but in reality it is a compressed-air
engine for compressed air, rather
than electricity, Is the haulage power
in this mine.
When the miners go down to their
work in tho morning they nro checked
In by the "fire boss." He Is a foreman
who has charge of fire prevention and
of tho safety of the miners while at
their several tasks. During the night
every section of the mine has been in
spected to sec whether there is gas
anywhere. If there should be an entry,
a heading, or a room that Is laden with
gas, the fact Is noted on a slate which
.Is shown to the men as they file past.
Tho brass check of every miner who
enters the workings Is taken nnd hung
up on n board, opposite the number of
tho room In which he is digging coal.
If ho has a helper, his check some
what different goes up, too; and If
there are two men working ns part
nears, that tho fact is shown also.
Wo walk and walk until wo begin
to feel as though we might bo coming
out over in China or France, nnd then
we come to the rooms or chambers
for all the coal In tho neighborhood of
the hoisting shaft has gone up In heat
and smoke long before now and this
mlno is far-flung.
Where the Miner Works.
These rooms or chambers might bo
monks' cells In some catacombs for tho
living. Here tho miner bores und
blasts and digs away the coal and
loads it Into the mine cars. If lie has
a helper he does not need to do the
loading himself. The enr holds about
6,000 pounds of run-of-tho-mtne coal,
and u miner Is supposed to All two oi
them a day.
When the car Is loaded the miner
puts his number on It, nnd presently,
with much ndo, there conies up the
heading and into the passageway lead
ing to the chamber a string of mules
walking tandem, or single file, and
dragging an empty car behind. They
pull out the loaded car, set the empty
one where the miner wants It, and go
back with the load of coal.
There arc other strings of mules,
also, and they distribute the empties
and mobilize tho loaded cars from und
nt given points. Then the compressed
air engine comes nlong and makes up
a truln of loaded cars after dropping
ono of empties ready for distribution.
Tho coal trains are pulled down to tho
hoisting shaft, and ono by one the cars
go to the surface, an empty coming
down as a loaded ono goed up.
When we reach tho top again, we
note the layout of the breaker plant,
'where the coal is cleaned and sorted
into tho several commercial sizes.
The first thing that impresses us is
that the mine owners are almost as
careful In saving coal as a miser is In
hoarding his gold. ,
Going up to the top of the breaker,
wo sco the coal as it comes from tho
mlno with all its slate and culm, me
chanically dumped, a carload at a time,
upon the oscillating bars, widen begin
tho process of separating the coal from
the worthless material and the assort
ing of the former Into groups accord
ing to size, v
SIGN NEW SCALE
Agreement Provides Increase
Over that Recommended by
MORATORIUM IS NOT LIKELY
German .Conferrees Deadlocked on
Reparations No New Con
cessions from Berlin.
Salt Luke City, Utah. Recognition
of individual ability, detailed segre
gation of work and a sliding scale ol
wages running In some Instances from
2 to 10 cents per hour higher than
thut recommended by the railroad
labor board, together with provision
for a progressive line of promotion
nro embodied In an agreement Just
signed by representatives of the now
ly organized Shop Employes' associa
tion, Union Pacific system, and tho
managers of the various lines therein
included. The new rates and rules
became effective September 1.
Tho agreement Axes wnges of 70,
80, 85 and 00 cents nn hour for thor
oughly skilled mechanics which were
formerly paid dead level rates of 70
cents nn hour with 5 nnd 10 cents
differentials In somo Instances. Un
der the new plan u progressive line
of promotion Is provided for with
rutes ranging from 54 cents per hour
for the rough or slightly skilled work,
advancing on up to the pay for the
highly skilled classifications. The new
rules provide a rate of 40 cents an
hour for helpers, as against the form
er rato of 47 cents. Overtime will be
adjusted on a lluctatlng scale. As to
tho seniority rights, the agreement
provides that those who remained In
or returned to the service on or be
fore July 8, 1022, and those who en
tered the sen-Ice beginning with and
Blnce July 1, will rank ilrst, while
those who enter the service subse
quent to September 1, 1022, will rank
according to the date they are em
Reparation Commission Deadlocked.
Paris. The members of the repara
tions commission wero still deadlock
ed Tuesday ufter another strenu
ous day given over entirely to an
effort to reach a basis for an unani
mous agreement on German payments
nnd to prevent a split In the com
mission and a possible broach of
The failure of the Gorman dnlo
gates, Herr Schroeder and Hen
Bergmann, special envoys from Ber
lln, to bring1 with them nny new con
cessions from tho German government
had a depressing effect In certain
circles where it was hoped Germany
might havo formulated some new
Herr Bergmann conferred this af
ternoon with members of the repara
tions commission and told them that
the last minute proposal handed tc
Sir Jol'in Bradbury Just before the
commission left Berlin was the last
effort of the German government to
meet the French demands. Bergmann
and Schroeder, however, brim? fur-
.titer detnlls of these proposals which
tnoy win outline to the commission
Tho reparations commission has
ngaln postponed for twenty-four hours
Its decision In the matter, but if It Is
'apparent that no unnnlmous decision
can De reached there may be further
Havelock, Neb. "State troops are
avallablo and will be used if local
authorities prove to be unable to cope
with the strike situation," Governor
McKelvlo told the citizens of Have
lock In a ten-minute address. Tho
governor did not mince words on tho
strike situation. "It is first the duty
of the mayor of Havelock to keep
order, second, the duty of the sheriff.
and third, the duty of the state," said
Board Denies the Motion.
Chicago. Tho railroad labor board
has denied the motion of W. Jctf
Lauck, a labor statistician, that tht
ooard Immediately define the principle
or "n living wnge" in the case of the
maintenance of way employes who
are seeking Increased minimum rates
Infant Dies ef Nicotine Poisoning.
Omaha. Jnmes F. Splecker, infnnt
?hlld of Mr. nnd Mrs. Frank Splecker,
of this place, died of nicotine poison
Ing after the child had swallowed a
cigar stub, according to a certificate
of death signed by a physician and
filed with the health commissioner.
Many Lost In Sinking Steamer.
Santiago, Chile. The Chilean steam
ship Itato, 2.200 tons, sank off the
Chilean coast near Coqulmbo. All
the passengers, numbering 150, and
tho crew or 7U were lost.
Washington. Either Gen. John J.
Pershing or Gen, Charles G. Dawes
of Chicago may head the railroads of
tho country In tho event it should
oecomo necessary for the government
to take them over In order to insure
transportation and especially to faclll
tato the shipment of coal.
Oberummergnu, Bavaria, Two hun
dred and twenty thousand persons,
Including 18,230 Americans thus far,
hnvo seen the Passion Play, according
to announcement 'y the mnnngement.
thus surpassing ull previous' records
(, 122, by Western Newipaper Union.)
do to Itl Even an electric button
won't accomplish anything unless It la
pushed. When mon nnd women have
their Ideals nnd work In common tho
world will be helped along with some
thing like electric speed.
VARIETY FOR YOUR TABLE
The crcatest help In avoiding mono
tony in menus is the weekly planning
ahead of tho
meals. An occa
sional meal may
bd left blank and
filled in- with
such leftovers ns
nre found avail
able. The kind of
food wo serve depends upon the kind
of people we arc to serve. A child
needs plain, wholesome food, as do
hungry men. When one has n heavy
main dish, a light dessert should fol
low, and when serving n light main
dish, n hearty dessert.
Fats in meats need acid fruits and
tnrt flavors to cut them and mnka
them both appetizing nnd digestible.
During the heated term the meat
dishes should be cut down. Nitrog
enous foods have a process of putre
fnction which is peculiar to that food.
By this decomposition by-products nro
formed, which are more or less poi
sonous. Vegetnble foods may ferment
and cause Irritation, but with animal
foods, as well as the protein vegetable
foods like peas and beans, these poi
sons often cause autointoxication. Tho
vast majority who suffer In this way
are overeaters. Going without a meal
once or twice a week, or fasting a day,
would improve the health of two-thlrda
of the overfat and self-indulgent. Tho
individual who cannot say "no" to his
nppetlte, "for his stomach's sake," will
not stand very firm on higher demands.
In dishes requiring milk, the overfed
should use skim milk. This will make
a very acceptable soup; rice and tapi
oca may be cooked In skim milk ; chick
en and ham, which Is such a favorite
dish baked in milk. The skim milk
may be used, nt much less expense.
Veal en Casserole. Cut the veal In
serving-sized pieces, roll in seasoned
flour nnd brown In a little fat. Havo
the casserole hot, odd the meat wlih a
chopped green pepper nnd ono smnll
onion, also chopped. Add a little hot
water, cover and cook slowly for three
hours. Add seasonings when the dish
Is half-cooked. An old fowl, squirrel
or rabbit, mny la made Into a most
tnsty dish by this long slow-cooking.
Forenoon and afternoon and night,
forenoon and afternoon and night
The empty song repeats Itself no more;
yea, that Is life.
Make this forenoon sublime, this aft
ernoon a psalm, this night a
And time Is conquered and thy crown
SOMETHING TO EAT
Tuna fish has been called the tur
key of the sea. The following dish la
Pie. Take a large cao
of tuna, two carrots
diced, two medium
sized potatoes diced,
one medium-sized onion
chopped, one cupful
green peas, ono table
spoonful of 'butter, two
tab espoonf uls of flour,
ono cupful of milk, ono teaspoonful of
salt, one-fourth" of a teaspoonful of
pepper, and paprika. Boil the car
rots and potatoes, onions and peas
together until tender In a small
amount of water, salted. Make a
white sauce, melting the butter, add
ing tho flour, nnd, when smooth, tho
milk and seasoning. When well
cooked remove frftm the heat. Line a
baking dish with plain pastry, fill
with the vegetables rn layers, cover
with a layer of fish; repeat until all
nre used. Cover with a crust In
which vent holes are placed and bake
until the crust is brown.
Date Crumbles. Bent two eggs, odd
one cupful of sugar, two tenspoonfuls
of baking powder and one tablespoon
ful of flour, one cupful each of
chopped walnuts and dates. Mix all
together and spread on two greased
pie tins. Bake In a slow oven three
quarters of an hour. Crumble and
serve in tall glasses mixed with
whipped cream lightly sweetened and
Rhubarb de Luxe. -Take four cup
fuls of rhubarb cut in small pieces,
two cupfuls of granulated sugar, one
half teaspoonful of muce, one-fourth
tenspoonful cinnamon, twelvo wholo
cloves, ono large orange. Place the
ingredients all together In a greased
casserole, adding the rind from the
orange as well as the pulp and Juice.
Cover and bake until the rhubarb is
tender. If very Juicy, uncover dur
ing the last 15 minutes of baking.
Fruit Cream. Bent one egg, one
half glass of Jelly and two tablespoon
fuls of sugar until If Is stiff enough to
stand. "Servo in sherbet cups topped
with a spoonnl of sweetened nnd fla.
vored cream, whipped until stiff.
Horseradish Sauce. Mix one-fourth
of a cupful of grated horseradish with
one-fourth of a teaspoonful of salt,
moisten with vinegar and stir Into tho
mixture one beaten egg. Add one cup
ful of thin white snuce, heat, beating
well with a Dover beater. Servo with
venl or any delicate flavored ment.
Whipped cream may bo used in placo
of tho white sauce if it Is at hand,
making a richer, more dainty sauce.
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