The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, May 12, 1922, Image 7

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.Experts Favor Corn Silage and
Wheat Straw With Hay or
Cottonseed Meal.
Experiment Conducted. In Blue-Grass
Regions of Appalachian Mountains
In West Virginia Rations
Used for Cattle.
(Prepared by the U. a Department of
Corn sllago and wheat straw with
cither mixed hay, soy-beau hay or cot
tonseed meal Is a much cheaper ra
tion for wintering beef-breeding cows
than shock corn, mixed hay and
wheat straw as tried out In feeding
experiments recently carried on by 13.
W. Sheets and It. II. Tuckwiller of the
bureau of animal Industry, and de
, scribed in Department Bulletin 1024,
"Feeding Experiments With Grade
Roof Cows liaising Calves," which has
Just been issued by the United States
Department of Agriculture. The work
described in the bulletin has to do
with the advantages of certain prac
tices, the economy of a number of ra
tions and the cost of raising calves
to .weaning age. It applies to the
bine-grass, region of the Appalachian
mountains, a region that furnishes
most of the grass-finished beef for the
Eastern markets.
Conditions Similar In Other States.
The farm on which the feeding was
done Is in the southeastern part of
West Virginia, but the conditions
there are similar to those In parts of
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Virginia, North
Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky and Ten
nessee. The conclusions ulso apply In
" part to other nearby regions.
The rations used for the four lots of
cows were: Corn silage, mixed hay
and wheat straw; corn silage, soy
bean hay and wheat straw; corn
silage, cottonseed meal and wheat
straw ; and shock corn, mixed hay and
wheat straw. As mentioned In the
first paragraph, corn silage and
wheat straw, with either mixed hay,
soy-bean bay or cottonseed meal, Is
n cheaper ration than shock corn,
mixed hay and wheat straw for win
tering beef cows. As tin? cows fed on
the mixed hny and soy-bean rations
produced a larger calf crop than thoso
fed the cottonseed meal, the average
cost per head of raising their calves
was practically 0 per cent less. As
sources of protein, mixed hay and soy
bean hay, where they are. grown suc
cessfully, liuve additional advantages
In that Uiey can he raised on the farm,
while cottonseed meal must be pur
chased. Cost of Raising Calves.
I J Actual costs of raising calves vary
with the time and locality, but by a
Catue on vct Virginia Pasture.
' study of the tables In this bulletin any
farmer in this blue-grass region may
determine with considerable accuracy
wlin t it will cost him to grow feeder
ca'.vcs to the weaning age. The bul
letin should be studied in connection
with Department Bulletin 1012, "Ef
fect of Winter Rations on Pasture
Gains of Calves." These bulletins
may be obtained by addressing the De
partment of Agriculture at Washington.
Good Plan to Keep Soil Supplied With
Necessary Humus Also Fur
' nlshes Cash Crop.
A two-year rotation of wheat, clover
pnsture niftl back to wheat keeps the
soil supplied with humus and nitro
gen. A three-year rotation may be of
wheat, clover, pasture, corn. Clover
pasture also keeps the land In good
condition and returns a cash crop two
yenrs out of three. If a seed crop of
clover is hnrvested, then eacli crop in
this rotation becomes a cash money
crop. In addition to the regular crop
profits, we have the pasture, and the
soil Improvement as extras.
nn r-o-r- IIPOPTH Dl f WADirTV
Should Be of Highest Quality, Adapt
ed to Soli and Region and
Disease Resistant.
The gnrdener should choose the
vegctnblo variety of highest quality
that will mature within his season, bo
productive, adapted to his soil, re
sistant to dlsenso, and have an at
tractive appearance when ready for
the table. The list to choose from Is
long nnd the gardener should, If pos
sible, be governed by his own or his
neighbors' experiences.
Of Advantage o Market Rough
age Through Stock.
Suggested to Farmer That He Dis
card Practice of Marketing HIp
Hay and Feed It to Good
Grade of Dairy Cattle.
(Prepared by the United States Department
of Agriculture.)
Farmers on some of tho reclamn
tlon projects where alfalfa hay is a
cash crop will llnd It to their advan
tage to change their practice and mar
ket this roughage tlirough live stock,
says the office of western Irrigation
agriculture of tho United States De
partment of Agriculture. On the
Newlands project In Nevada the re
cent prices for nlfalfa hay have been
$0 to $0.50 a ton f. o. b. cars, which
nets the farmers nbout ?5 or $0 a ton
nt tho stack. Although these prices
:are considered fairly good at present.
ilgures collected recently on the cost
'of production go to show that when
the farmer is unable to got more than
Cutting Al alf.
$0 a ton nt tho stack there is a net
loss. Indications are that $7 a ton
is nearer the cost of production, nnd
this does not Include any labor In
come for the farmer.
In order that the farner may make
a fair income on these alfalfa lands,
It is suggested that ho discard the
practice of shipping off ills hny and
start feeding it to a good grnde of
dairy cows or to some other kind of
live stock, particularly cattle and
Many farmers In this section have
nhvndy demonstrated thnt live stock
will solve the problem of making al
falfa profitable. The use of live
stock keeps up tho fertility of tho
soil and provides concentrated prod
ucts that do not have to bear such
heavy freight costs.
One Must Be Plant Expert to Be Sue
cessful and Vast Amount of
Labor Is Required.
Prof. Paul Work of Cornell, speak
ing on better seeds and how to obtain
them, said there were many advan
tages In growing seed. One knows
the percentage of his own seed, nnd
If lie grows his own seed and does It
well he can turn a profit from the sale
of the surplus; but you have got to bo
a plant expert nnd it requires a vast
amount of labor and care to grow good
seeds. It was his opinion thnt the
bulk of the seeds would come from
seedsmen; that men In the seed busi
ness are spending thousands of dol
lars to get good seed, while others
were giving the matter of quality lit
tle attention, preferring to sell the
cheaper seed regardless of quality.
As Soon as Plants Are Above Surface
Land Should Be Stirred Deeper
Tillage Permitted.
Much will depand upon early culti
vation of corn. Ilero is where "a
(stitch In time saves nine." As soon
ias tho plants are above the surface
the land should be stirred, usually. Un
less no rain has fallen do not fall to
start tho cultivators as soon as you
can tell the rows by the young plants.
If no heavy rains have 'come since
planting It might be well to wait a
while for a rain.
The first cultivation of corn will
permit deeper tillage than later when
the brace roots develop. Hut caro
must bo taken not to "throw much
dirt" ns tho plants are easily covered
and Injured by the freshly plowed
To Hasten Germination of Grass Seed
Field Should Be Rolled After
A firm seedbed is necessary to
hasten germlnntlon of grnss seed. Tho
field should be dragged or rolled after
disking nnd harrowing in order that
tho subsurface bo firm and compact.
The surface should bo left In a mel
low condition but not smooth as It
may bake and become crusted before
the seed germinates.
Land Must Be Well Drained and
Sweet Limestone Will Help
In Getting Stand.
Alfalfa, like persons, Is particular
about Its living quarters and In order
to thrive must have a dry home or J
well-drained land. Tho land must bo
Bweet nnd limestone will help In pre
paring tho field. Inoculation of tho
soil gives the roots the right start to
prepare nitrogen, and fertility mukes
the plant strong and vigorous.
Small Group of Michigan Farmers
First Entered Upon Experiment
Considered Doubtful.
(Prepared by th United States Department
of Agriculture.)
Fifteen years ago n small group of
farmers lh Michigan entered upon
what many of them probably consid
ered a very doubtful experiment. Id
was the organization of an association
for testing their cows, in respect to
how much feed they ate and how much
milk they gave; an association such as
tho farmers of Denmark had orlglnnt-
Cow-Testing Associations Have Proved
Big Success.
ed about ten years before, and which
various other European countries had
The experiment, as studied by the
United States Department of Agricul
ture, proved a success, however, and
now the number of such associations
has grown from 1 to -152. It is notnblp
that some states which took up the
Idea at an enrly date have stuck to
the movement and organized more and
more associations, while others con
tinue with only a few. Most states
Increase the number of their cow-testing
associations as time goes on nnd
the Department of Agriculture Is fos
tering the work.
The lack of testers during the war
caused a setback to the movement, but
recovery from this has taken place,
and the number of associations In tho
country Is now 'much lnrger than it
was before the war.
Upon Capacity of Animal Depends
Quantity of Daily Portion of
Grain and Roughage.
The quantity of silage to feed n
cow depends upon the capacity of
the animal. She should have us much
as she will clean up without waste
when consumed with the grain and
hay, Is the ndvice given farmers by
the United States Department of
Agriculture. A good cow should bo
fed just short of the limit of her np
petlte. The smaller cows usually cat
from 20 to 30 pounds of silage a day,
and the lnrger animals 40 pounds or
The hay needed ordinarily ranges
between fi and 12 pounds per cow a
day, or 0.8 pound per 100 pounds of
llvo weight when fed In connection
with sllnge. Silage should be fed In
the proportion of about 2.5 to 3 pounds
per 100 pounds of live weight. Con
centrates should be fed according to
size of animals and richness of milk.
One pound Is required for each 2
to 4 pounds of milk produced.
Although corn silage is one of the
best feeds, particularly for dairy cows,
there are some milk producers who
us( It too freely. It Is not a complete
feed; neither is it a food that will
give best results with only leguminous
hays as alfalfa or cowpcas.
Since cows cannot consume enough
of these rough feeds to produce tho
best results under ordinary conditions,
it Is necessary to feed concentrates
In addition, particularly when tho
price Is not high, as Is tho case this
year. Farmers' Bulletin 078, "Tho Mak
ing nnd Feeding of Sllnge," contains
much helpful information on feeding
when silage Is the basis of the ra
Animals Will Not Drink Necessary
Amount From Icy Tank Heaters
Can Be Provided.
Cold drinking water given to dairy
cows will result In reduced quantity of
milk. A cow which yields a largo
quantity of milk must -drink Iota of
water; she won't drink much from un
icy tank. Water tanks can be provided
with heaters, or hot water can be
poured Into the tank.
Winter Dairying Held Back.
Winter dairying has been held back
for many years, largely through the
fullure of cow-keepers to provide com
fortuble barns properly equipped.
Give Much More Butterfat.
Cows sired by purebred hulls give
much more butterfat than those sired
by scrubs.
Ice Water Is Expensive,
Feed can never get cheap enough
to mnko It profitable to give the cows
Ico wuter to drink.
And Bridegroom's Explanation Only
Added to the Ludlcrousness of
the Situation.
A widower In n Pennsylvania town,
no longer a young man, gave tho
clergyman a good deal of trouble by
bis stupidity on tho occasion of his
second marriage, lie seemed to be
possessed by some spirit of con
trariety. When tohyto' give his right hand
ho gave hlslcft When tho minister
said: "Say this after me,"ho Im
mediately replied: "Say this after
me." Then, when tho words ho was
was to repeat wcro given, ho was
stolidly silent.
At Inst he seemed to be aware that
the minister was somewhat dis
turbed, and in tho middle of the
service he upset tho reverend gen
tleman's gravity by volunteering
this apology:
"You see, sir, It's so long sluce I
was married beforo that you must
excuse my getting these things
Postponed Repentance.
There wns a man out In Wisconsin
who went to a revival meeting nnd wns
pressed to repent. Ho wavered for n
time and finally arose and said,
"Friends, I want to repent nnd tell
how bad I have been, but I dasn't do
It when the grand Jury Is In session."
"The Lord will forgive," the revival
ist shouted.
"Probably he will," nnswered the
sinner, "but he nln't on thnt grand
Jury." Boston Transcript.
llnsbnnd Did you ever notice, my
denr, that a loud talker is generally
nn Ignornnt person?
Wife Well, you needn't shout so.
I'm not denf.
Or Wno's Who.
The man whose unswer to the Edi
son questionnaire wns graded AA
must certainly know watts watt
"Science Is nothing but trained nnd
organized common sense." Thomas
Mr, Jenkins Took a Cracked
Club To Tame Lions
Some foods are too heavy, some
are too starchy, many lack neces
sary elements and so starve the
body and many load the system
down with fermentation and auto
intoxication'. Grape-Nuts helps build health
and strength. It contains the full
richness of wheat and malted bar
ley, including the vital mineral
elements, without which the body
cannot be fully sustained. Grape-
House Cut in Half for Moving
" j
This half of a three-story house was photographed while being moved nlongi
Commonwealth avenue, Newton, Mass. Tho section, weighing approximately,
40 tons, was being moved from the residential section of Newton to a situ one-'
quarter of a milu from Its original spot.
There's a man in this town who sella KEY OVERALLS.
Ask htm to show you n suit Extra quality. Better workmanship. Costs
less per day
don t givo
got your
Mr. Johnson Really Had Good Excuso
for Not Joining Posse on Hunt
for Robbers.
"Pnw," excitedly exclaimed young
Runt, "Zeke Yuwkey and a passel of
fellers are out In front They suy the
bank at Tumllnvlllo has been robbed',
and they want you to grab your gun
and go with 'em to hunt tho robbers 1"
"Tell 'em I'm much obleeged and
powerful sorry," replied Gup Johnson
of ItumpiiB Ridge,, "but I ain't in no
sliapo to J'lne 'em. Gnbe Oosnell
dropped In a spell ago nnd 'lowed thnt
ns ho was going to be married this af
ternoon to tho Wlddcr McCorkendnlo
he'd like to borry my best britches to
wear during tho anecdote, and as I felt
I'd Just about us soon sleep today ns
not I let him have 'em. And your maw
Is Just sewing up tho gnblo end of my
old ones whur tho roan cow hooked
me by mistake for her calf or some
thing. So you tell tho gents, Runt,
Unit If 'twas ary other time I'd be
tickled to go with 'em, but Just at
present I'll havo to lay out" Kunsas
City Star.
Poor Henry,
neck "Do you play any Instru
ment?" Peck (sadly) "Second tlddie
at homo." Boston Transcript
A Word for Himself.
Hetty "Jnck won't take no for nn
answer. What shall I do?" Tom "Say
yes' to somo other fellow."
Too many people do not even think
they aro thinking.
FT tnMi iWf im lIMnr 1 vZl
mimamifmtm'V iniWi
The exhibition ended rather badly. It
very nearly was a big day for the lion3
and a sad day for Mr. Jenkins all for
want of proper care in getting- ready. '
Many a man who has business to do and
a living to make and a job to fill is as care
less how he feeds his body as Mr. Jenkins
was in picking out a club.
Nuts digests quickly and whole
somely. Served with cream or
good milk, it is a complete food
crisp and delicious.
Grape-Nuts is just the food for
those who care to meet life's situa
tions well prepared in health.
Order Grape-Nuts from your
grocer today. Try it with cream
or milk for breakfast or lunch, or
made into a delightful pudding
for dinner.
Grape-Nuts the Body. Builder
"There's a Reason'
Made by Postum Cereal Co., Inc., Battle Creek, Mich.
to wear them. Buy them. If they
lull satisfaction! tako them back and
money back or a new pair lreel
MeXET MFG. CO MiUri.Kaniti City. Mo.
Gap Johnson's Good Reasons for
Thinking Confessions Can Be
a Little Too Public.
"They've been carrying on n revivnl
over tuther side of Mount Pizgy for
quite a spell," related Gap Johnson of
Rumpus Ridge, "and a pleasant timo
was had till tho converts took to con
fessing in meeting. A sister rlz tip
ttnd let It be known that she and a cer
tain brother had been flggerlng on
eloping, and two or three brothers fol
lcred with reuiurks about the sins of
themselves and other gents. Next
day the lady's husband hunted, up
the feller she Kuld she'd been going
to clopo with, and although he swora
he'd never even heerd of the plan,
whipped him to a custard. And qulto
a passel of gents left In the next few
days, claiming that If everybody wns
going to tell everything they knowed
they didn't feel like waiting till tho
grand jury set. Religion is all right,
but I sorter 'low It ort to bo a prl
vuto matter every feller that feels
like he'd got to confess go ahead
and do so, but leave other folks out
of It" Kansas City Star.
Well Informed.
"Grace is very versatile."
"Yes. She knows the business of all
hpr friends," Judge.
. j
It Is better to take pains in pre
venting accident than to suiter pains
ns a result of them.
The nnnds soon tiro when tho heart
Is weak.